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Retail industry - 201 entries found

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1983

CIS 83-1525 Vacheret J.M.
Ham-slicing machines - Gravity-fed electric slicers
Machines à couper le jambon - Trancheurs électriques à gravité [in French]
This technical safety data sheet, intended for management and workers, examines workplace hazards and means of preventing them. The sheet gives: its scope of application, descriptions of equipment, a review of the principal laws and regulations applicable in France, the extent of conformity of the equipment with the rules, advice on the acquisition and installation of ham-slicers, means of protection against cuts and electrical accidents, recommendations for maintenance and verification. The hazards and preventive measures are summarised in a table.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1983, No.112, Note No.1433-112-83, p.315-324. Illus. 10 ref.

1982

CIS 83-1042 Ohara H., Mimura K., Oze Y., Itani T., Ohta T., Aoyama H.
Studies on cervicobrachial disorders among cash register operators - Part 1. Changes of characteristics of patients after improvement of working conditions; Part 2. A review on clinical findings and working conditions of patients
120 supermarket cash register operators were studied. They were divided into 3 groups according to the year of their first consultation, i.e. before or after the introduction of improved working conditions (reduced operating time, worker rotation, replacement of mechanical registers by electronic). The incidence was lower in group C (first consultation after workplace improvements) but the proportion of severe cases to all cases remained the same. Group C contained more cases with chronic onset. Group C had fewer complaints of muscle tenderness in the hands and fingers, but more of reduced back strength and kinesalgia. Part 2 examines these findings in more detail.
Japanese Journal of Industrial Health - Sangyō-Igaku, Jan. 1982, Vol.24, No.1, p.55-74. 46 ref.

CIS 83-162 Boitel L., Courthiat M.C., Halter J., Jabot F., Leroux C., Robaux P., Chau N., Legras B., Martin J.
Work and varicose veins - An epidemiological study
Travail et pathologie variqueuse - Etude épidémiologique [in French]
Epidemiological study of the effect of standing postures among shop workers on venous circulation disorders in the lower limbs. The medical records of 2,358 subjects were analysed to determine variations in the incidence of varicose veins related to individual factors (age, sex, profession, posture, number of years employed on work in this posture, floor heating, sports practised). A 5-year prospective study is required to determine the effect of posture on the development of varicose veins.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1st quarter 1982, Vol.22, No.85, p.15-27. Illus. 33 ref.

CIS 82-2066 Leskinen M., Punamäki R.L., Koskela A.
Job satisfaction and stress among sales personnel
Työviihtyvyys ja stressi myymälätyössä [in Finnish]
Report of a study of sales workers to determine how work and working conditions are related to subjective well-being, job satisfaction, sensation of stress, and general health status. Factors in job satisfaction included: style of supervision; human relations at work; clarity of responsibility and working roles; opportunity for decision-making; and general working conditions. Stress factors included: mental workload; haste in carrying out work; role conflicts; irritable customers and unsatisfactory climatic conditions. Evaluation of health status was on a subjective basis and ranged from "very good" to "very poor". The worker's age was the most important factor in determining general health status.
Työterveyslaitos, Julkaisutoimisto, Laajaniityntie 1, 01620 Vantaa 62, Finland, 1982. 87p. 19 ref. Illus. Price: Fmk.25.00.

CIS 82-2065 Measures to improve working conditions of supermarket check-out personnel
Mesures visant à améliorer les conditions de travail du personnel d'encaissement des magasins [in French]
Measures suggested as a result of a study made by the French National Health Insurance Fund (Caisse nationale d'assurance maladie), approved by the French National Joint Technical Committee for the Food Industries on 19 Nov. 1981: definition of check-out points and operator's work station, aims and objects of the study, general rules concerning operator's work station, more detailed rules for the operator's work, electrical safety, rules concerning the physical environment of these work stations, commentaries. Technical annex: ergonomic data for the design and layout of checkout desks and seats.
Travail et sécurité, May 1982, No.5, p.273-281. Illus.

CIS 82-2064 Godefroy M.
Supermarket check-out personnel - How to improve their working conditions
Les caissières de magasins - Vers une amélioration des conditions de travail du personnel d'encaissement des magasins [in French]
Conclusions of a study on ways and means to improve the ergonomic design and layout of supermarket check-out points. Aspects considered: personnel employed (recruitment, training, working hours, rest periods, meals, absenteeism); simultaneous choice of furniture/equipment, cash register, seat, footrest; work posture; operations involved (reading price tags and price registered, operation of keyboard by touch without looking); environment (noise, lighting, natural and artificial ventilation, air conditioning; risk of hold-ups or violence from customers). Proposed measures for better organisation of check-out personnel's workplace. (English translation available from Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street E., Hamilton, Ont. L8N 1H6, Canada. (CCOHS translation series No.148)).
Travail et sécurité, May 1982, No.5, p.254-272. Illus.

CIS 82-1465 Berdel D., Moritz M., Pruner P.
Design of an ergonomic workplace for supermarket check-out staff
Entwicklung eines menschengerechten Kassenarbeitsplatzes für Selbsbedienungsläden [in German]
This report gives the results of a preliminary bibliographical analysis of the problem, and the design and construction of an ergonomic workstation for female supermarket check-out personnel. Contents: principles of design and planning, blueprints, models of principle, experimental installation for use in actual working conditions. Compared with most existing installations, the new check-out desk and seat reduce to the minimum the movements of the upper part of the body (bust, arms, head) and affords optimum leg room. A short period of practical tests in a supermarket showed that improved ergonomic workplace design and more rapid checking of customers' purchases resulted in less strain on the shoulders and arms of check-out personnel.
Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, Gewerkschaft der Privatangestellten, Deutschmeisterplatz 2, 1013 Wien, Austria, 1982. 72p. Illus. 39 ref.

CIS 82-381
Central Co-ordination Committee, National Health Insurance Fund (Comité central de coordination, Caisse nationale de l'assurance-maladie)
Noise in retail stores
Le bruit dans les magasins de commerce [in French]
Recommendation adopted on 18 June 1981. Aimed at reducing the excessive noise which may be prejudicial to the health of workers in department stores, this recommendation gives details as to means of lowering the ambient noise level to 75dB(A) maximum, as to the location and use of loudspeakers, minimum intervals between publicity spots and the design and layout of particularly noisy workplaces (key cutting, record auditioning, shoe repairing).
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 1st quarter 1982, No.106, Note No.1369-106-82 (Recommendation No.200), p.133-134.

1981

CIS 82-2063 Strasser H., Müller-Limmroth W.
Ergonomics at the cash register - Ergonomic design and layout of supermarket check-out personnel's work stations
Ergonomie an der Kasse - aber wie? - Menschengerechte Gestaltung von Kassenarbeitsplätzen [in German]
Review of previous studies, of different types of check-out points and cash register, and occupational skills required of personnel; stress and strain analysis (including subjective symptoms); scientific criteria for the ergonomic design and layout of the check-out point and equipment/operator interface (dimensions and space for body and arm movements, reach, optical conditions, physiological conditions and work organisation (monotony, stress). Physiological recommendations (check-list, results of a study in Austria and investigations in Germany).
Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Arbeit und Sozialordnung, Winzererstrasse 9, 8000 München 40, Federal Republic of Germany, 1981. 52p. Illus. 42 ref.

CIS 82-340
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Technical equipment for commercial and catering establishments - General safety rules
Oborudovanie tehnologičeskoe dlja predprijatij torgovli i obščestvennogo pitanija [in Russian]
This standard (effective: 1 July 1982) applies to refrigeration and cooking equipment, butchers', bakers' and pastrymakers' equipment, automatic distributors and vendors, canning, packaging and filling machines. Sections deal with: safety rules for electrical equipment, natural-gas ovens, refrigerating equipment (maximum workplace concentrations of gases and CO); permissible levels of noise and vibration; maximum temperatures of hot surfaces; requirements for safety devices (fixed guards, interlock systems, automatic danger warning devices); test procedures.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 30 June 1981. 5p. Price: Rbl. 0.03.

CIS 81-2067
National Health Insurance Fund (Comiés techniques nationaux des commerces non-alimentaires, des activités du groupe interprofessionnel et des industries et commerces de l'alimentation, Caisse nationale de l'assurance-maladie
Hazards of guillotine cutters and similar equipment
Risques présentés par les guillotines et matériels similaires [in French]
Recommendation adopted by these 3 joint technical committees (on 19 Nov. 1980, 30 Jan. 1981 and 4 Feb. 1981, respectively). Prevention of shearing and cutting injuries due to moving parts: reciprocating knife or support. Special protective measures for guillotine-type "head-splitters" and "frozen meat cutters". Safety rules for electrical equipment and preventive maintenance of equipment. Personal information and training. Commentaries.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1981, No.104, Note No.1341-104-81 (Recommendation No.189), p.437-439. Illus.

CIS 81-2066
National Health Insurance Fund (Comités techniques nationaux des commerces non alimentaires, des activités du groupe interprofessionnel et des industries et commerces de l'alimentation, Caisse nationale de l'assurance-maladie)
Hazards of cutters
Risques présentés par les machines à fragmenter communément appelées "cutters" [in French]
Recommendation adopted by these 3 joint technical committees (on 19 Nov. 1980, 30 Jan. 1981 and 4 Feb. 1981, respectively). Prevention of hazards due to knives, bowls, feed-skips, and electrical equipment. Provisions regarding prevention of hearing loss and burns. Advice on preventive maintenance of equipment and guards. Personnel information and training. Commentaries.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1981, No.104, Note No.1340-104-81 (Recommendation No.188), p.433-435.

CIS 81-2065
National Health Insurance Fund (Comités techniques nationaux des commerces non alimentaires, des activités du groupe interprofessionnel et des industries et commerces de l'alimentation, Caisse nationale de l'assurance-maladie)
Hazards of equipment for mincing meat and other foods
Risques présentés par les matériels à hacher la viande ou tout autre produit alimentaire [in French]
Recommendation adopted by these 3 joint technical committees (on 19 Nov. 1980, 30 Jan. 1981 and 4 Feb. 1981, respectively). Prevention of hazards of cutting injuries due to feed screw, sieve-plate and knife. Provisions respecting electrical equipment and maintenance. Instructions for personnel training and information. Commentaries.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1981, No.104, Note No.1339-104-81 (Recommendation No.187), p.429-432. Illus.

CIS 81-2064
National Health Insurance Fund (Comités techniques nationaux des commerces non alimentaires, des activités du groupe interprofessionnel et des industries et commerces de l'alimentation, Caisse nationale de l'assurance-maladie)
Hazards of gravity-feed electric ham and bread slicers and similar machines
Risques présentés par les trancheurs électriques à gravité: tranche-jambon, coupe-pain et similaires [in French]
Recommendation adopted by these 3 joint technical committees (on 19 Nov. 1980, 30 Jan. 1981 and 4 Feb. 1981, respectively). Measures common to all machinery concerns electrical equipment, maintenance and checking, and training and information of personnel. Special measures concerning ham slicing machines (knife, push-stick, operating instructions) and bread slicers with gravity feed (knives, loaf feed openings, slice eject openings). Commentaries.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1981, No.104, Note No.1338-104-81 (Recommendation No.186), p.425-427. Illus.

CIS 81-2063
National Health Insurance Fund (Comités techniques nationaux des commerces non alimentaires, des activités du groupe interprofessionnel et des industries et commerces de l'alimentation, Caisse nationale de l'assurance-maladie)
Protection of the hands in using tools and equipment for preparing foodstuffs
Protection de la main dans l'emploi de certains outils et appareils destinés à la préparation de produits alimentaires [in French]
Recommendation adopted by these 3 joint technical committees (on 19 Nov. 1980, 30 Jan. 1981 and 4 Feb. 1981 respectively). Equipment covered: hand knives, including circular knives; portable machines, including saws, if the hand can touch the blade when they are in use. Preventive measures concern cutting and pricking hazards, but not electric hazards. Recommendations: workers should be provided with metal gloves (technical data appended), knives should be fitted with guards, facilities should be provided for cleaning and disinfecting knives, and staff should be trained in safe working methods. Commentaries.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1981, No.104, Note No.1337-104-81 (Recommendation No.185), p.423-424.

CIS 81-1754 Elias R., Tisserand M., Christmann H., Schouller J.F., Boitel L.
Ergonomic study of the work of supermarket checkout girls
Etude ergonomique du poste de travail de caissière de libre-service [in French]
Work study of 88 female checkout employees in a French supermarket: motion and stress study; biomechanics analysis; questionnaire survey of discomfort factors; physiologicalstudy of workload. The results revealed considerable stress factors linked to work postures, to working environment (cold, draughts, lighting conditions) and speed of work imposed. Measures proposed to improve working conditions: better organisation of shifts and rest breaks, standardisation of workplace design, layout and equipment (general recommendations, seat, footrest, keyboard, cash register).
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 2nd quarter 1981, No.103, Note No.1315-103-81, p.211-220. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 81-1460 Safety in the butcher's shop
La sécurité en boucherie. [in French]
A survey on butchers' attitudes to the hazards of their work showed a degree of fatalism. Use of aprons and gloves seems necessary for apprentices and for industrial butchery work; this is accepted for heavy work (carcass breaking, deboning, cutting-up) but it is considered cumbersome and carries a sentiment of psychological diminishment of the work. Two approaches may be envisaged for improved safety and for changing attitudes to safety and health: improving the characteristics of safety equipment (comfort, flexibility, appearance) and psychological approaches.
Revue de la sécurité, Jan. 1981, Vol.17, No.175, p.16-19. Illus.

CIS 81-1044 Gerber P., De Haller R., Pyrozynski W.J., Sturzenegger E.R., Brändli O.
Humidifier lung
Die Befeuchterlunge [in German]
Case study of air-conditioner disease in a subject who had worked in a dairy products shop where the display counter for cheeses had a humidification system. The disease was of a chronic nature, evolving towards fibrosis. Diagnosis was based on discovery of antibodies produced in reaction to the water used in the humidifier. The causative agent could not be identified with any degree of certainty.
Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift - Journal suisse de médecine, 7 Feb. 1981, Vol.111, No.6, p.182-186. Illus. 20 ref.

1980

CIS 81-1149
ILO Advisory Committee on Salaried Employees and Professional Workers, Report II.
The effects fo technological and structural changes on the employment and working conditions of non-manual workers.
Effets des transformations techniques et structurelles sur l'emploi et les conditions de travail des travailleurs non-manuels. [in French]
Report prepared for the 8th Session of the Committee (Geneva, 13-22 Jan. 1981). Chapter IV is devoted to effects on non-manual workers' health and safety (mainly in shops, offices, banking and insurance): physical work environment, thermal environment, noise, lighting, workload components, muscular effort, erect standing position, sitting position, sensory strains (extrinsic and intrinsic factors, factors linked with the operator/machine and operator/work environment interface); mental and psychological strain; hazards linked with structural and technological changes (safety hazards, morbidity - digestive disorders, low back pain, psychosomatic disorders - symptoms of a non-specific character). Conclusions, and suggested points for discussion. Extensive summaries of this report, with extracts, are available from the ILO in English, German and Russian.
International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22 , Switzerland, 1980. 117p. Price: SF.15.00.

1979

CIS 80-1442 Elischerová K., Stúpalová S., Helbichová R., Štěpánek J.
Presence of Listeria monocytogenes in the faeces of meat industry workers and butcher trade employees
Výskyt Listeria monocytogenes v stolici osôb zamestnaných vo výrobniach a predajniach mäsa [in Slovak]
Analysis of the faeces of 322 meat industry workers and 143 butchers showed the presence of L. monocytogenes in 6.2% of the former, especially delicatessen workers (inadequate cooking of the meat) and 3.1% of the latter. It is suggested that infection is via contamination of the hands. Infected workers were in good clinical health. A number of women examined gave birth to underdeveloped premature infants, but a relation with listeriosis has not been studied.
Československá epidemiologie, mikrobiologie, immunologie, Mar. 1979, Vol.28, No.2, p.97-102. 16 ref.

CIS 79-1412 Delmas C.
Meat packers' asthma
L'asthme des emballeurs de viande. [in French]
MD thesis. Symptoms varying from simple irritation of the mucosae to acute asthma attacks with considerable distress have been observed since 1973 in meat packers in large supermarkets. A workpost study showed that these manifestations may be due to vapours (especially hydrochloric acid and bis(2-ethylhexyl) adipate) emitted in hot wire cutting of PVC film, or fume emitted when sticking labels with hot-melt adhesives (in this case the aetiological agent has not yet been determined). The hazards of industrial use of polyvinyl chloride are reviewed in a chapter devoted to the chemical properties of this substance, and a chapter on immunological aspects suggests that meat packers' asthma should be considered in the category of type I in Gell and Coomb's classification. Tables analyse and summarise the 269 cases (107 certain) reported in the world literature between 1973 and 1977; 3 French case studies are given. Occupational health precautions should concentrate on the tension of the roll of plastic film from which each wrapping is torn off, keeping the metal cutting wire clean and at the correct temperature, and adequate ventilation. A good solution would be to replace the hot wire by a cutting blade.
Université de Paris VII, Faculté de médecine Xavier-Bichat, Paris, France, 1979. 48p. 34 ref.

1978

CIS 79-1153 Sinsoilliez G.
Lifting equipment used by maintenance personnel for work at heights in department stores - Use of rider trucks
Le matériel de levage mis à disposition des services d'entretien en vue des travaux en hauteur dans les grands magasins - Cas de l'utilisation des chariots automoteurs à conducteurs portés. [in French]
Communication to the Joint Technical Committee for the Wholesale and Retail Food Trades (Lille, France). The types of work at heights (generally 4-5m) required in department stores (replacement of fluorescent tubes, installation or renewal of decoration, rearrangement of departments, etc.) are reviewed. A section devoted to stores at a single level examines the precautions required in the use of rider trucks, which should be used only exceptionally for this type of work, and of aerial baskets, designed especially for these tasks. Equipment used in multistorey shops (ladders, stools, mobile platforms, etc.) is referred to in the second part. The importance of planning, information, and training is stressed.
Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie du Nord de la France, 11 boulevard Vauban, 59024 Lille Cedex, France, 14 Sep. 1978. 9p. 2 ref. Gratis.

CIS 79-845 Commercial Safety Code Regulations under the Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare Act, 1972-1978.
Contents of these Regulations, dated 27 July 1978: definitions; duties of occupier of premises, duties of workers, workers' safety representative, notification of employment injuries, penalties, safety provisions (access and egress, buildings and structures, electrical installations, falls of persons, fire safety, floors, fork lift trucks, fragile roofing materials, harmful substances, machinery, refrigerated compartments, traffic control, window cleaning); health and welfare (accommodation for clothing, drinking water, first aid facilities, lighting, manual handling of materials, meal accommodation, sanitary accommodation, space per person, ventilation, washing accommodation).
South Australian Government Gazette, Offprint from the Adelaide, Australia, 1978. 19p. Price: Aus-$0.35.

CIS 78-2057 Salord M.C., France, Main, Minet, Oeconomos.
Study of certain categories of supermarket personnel
Enquête sur certaines catégories de personnel des magasins populaires (supermarchés). [in French]
This study followed up complaints by workers and a large turnover of personnel among sales staff, senior storeroom staff and cashiers at several supermarkets. Results are given mainly in graphic form. Postural and nervous disorders gave rise to the complaints, and appeared to be related to the material working conditions. At the psychological level, relations with customers and colleagues were relatively good. The chief causes of dissatisfaction were nervous tension, salary, organisation and, in the case of storeroom staff, the physical arduousness of the work.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2nd quarter 1978, Vol.18, No.70, p.33-46. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 78-2056 Salord M.C., Oeconomos.
The self-service cashier - Work study
La caissière libre-service - Etude de poste. [in French]
A description of the workplace (sequence of operations, material elements, environment, activities) is followed by a detailed study of the visual load (reading prices, finding cash register keys, reading time; lighting) and the dynamic and static load for cashiers. Factors giving rise to discomfort were: inadequate working space and space beneath the conveyor; absence of foot-rest; poor layout of change tray, cash register, and carrier bags; too small size of characters of price and key markings; glare factors; noise). Improvements are suggested in each case.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2nd quarter 1978, Vol.18, No.70, p.15-32. Illus.

1977

CIS 77-1637 Brooks S.M., Vandervort R.
Polyvinyl chloride film thermal decomposition products as an occupational illness - 1. Environmental exposures and toxicology; 2. Clinical studies.
Part 1 is a literature review of studies on: the working environment, wrapping and labelling equipment or hand wrapping, manufacture of PVC film (formulations), thermally activated price labels (composition and manufacture), emissions from hot-wire cutting of film, emissions from thermal activation of label adhesive. Major emissions from hot-wire cutting of PVC are di-2-ethylhexyl adipate and hydrogen chloride. Part 2 reports on studies in 24 meat wrappers and 8 meat cutters. Lung function tests and blood analyses were substantially normal. Approx. one-third of the wrappers had chronic cough, sputum and dyspnoea on exertion, and other complaints were throat, eye and nasal symptoms, chest tightness, wheezing and chest pain. The role of allergic sensitisation is uncertain.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Mar. 1977, Vol.19, No.3, p.188-191; 192-196. Illus. 41 ref.

1976

CIS 77-1749 Ohara H., Aoyama H., Itani T.
Health hazard among cash register operators and the effects of improved working conditions.
Results of this questionnaire and medical study: cash register operators complained of fatigue, headache, insomnia and low-back pain, and pain in the upper limb. 31% had muscle rigidity or tenderness, some severely enough to affect their employment. Improvement in working conditions reduced the number of cervicobrachial disorders.
Journal of Human Ergology, Sep. 1976, Vol.5, No.1, p.31-40. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 77-855 Baxerres M.
Tuberculosis in occupations associated with food for human consumption (regional investigation)
La tuberculose dans les professions touchant à l'alimentation de l'homme (enquête régionale). [in French]
This MD thesis, which takes stock of the present situation concerning tuberculosis, from the medical point of view and as regards French law, reports on 70 cases of tuberculosis among workers in the food preparation and retail trade, where there is a high rate of contagion and contamination hazard (10.8% of active tuberculosis cases). Individual case studies are followed by analysis of the results by age, occupational sector, vaccination, occupational medical examinations, screening, associated disease, presence of Koch bacillus, treatment, family and work background, probable source of contamination, influence of the disease on patient's working life, rehabilitation, and reinstatement in previous employment or not. The high incidence of tuberculosis in the food preparation and food retail trades is apparently linked not so much to handling food products as to close contact with the general public, very tiring conditions of work, and the small size of the undertakings concerned, giving rise to inadequate medical supervision. The owners of these undertakings seem to form the most vulnerable group.
Université de Bordeaux II, Unité d'enseignement et de recherche des sciences médicales, Bordeaux, France, 1976. 176p. 53 ref.

CIS 76-2051 Main J.
Study of workloads of supermarket cash register operators
Etude des charges de travail chez les caissières de libres-services. [in French]
This communication to the 13th National Symposium on Occupational Medicine (Tours, France, 2-5 Oct. 1974) studies the following aspects of cash-register operators' work: working hours; organisation; duties (restocking shelves; checking-out purchases); workpost description; job description; physical workload (posture, movements); mental strain; emotional strain; environmental stress. Unable to use heart rate measurement techniques or ECG recordings to evaluate workload, the author used 4 different data: duration of apprenticeship, fatigue, errors, absenteeism and staff turnover. Apprenticeship is relatively long; nervous fatigue certainly exists, but does not give rise to much absenteeism; errors are relatively infrequent. Favourable factors: generally short commuting distances; flexible hours; varied work; job satisfaction and relative prestige.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, Jan.-Feb. 1976, Vol.37, No.1-2, p.112-121.

1975

CIS 76-551 Health and safety guide for grocery stores.
Illustrated by humorous drawings and instructive sketches, this booklet aims to assist in providing a safe and healthy workplace by describing safe practices and encouraging compliance with the U.S. health and safety regulations. Chief contents: general safety and health guidelines; frequently violated regulations (walking and working surfaces, exits, personal protective equipment, sanitation, fire protection, machine guarding, electrical requirements); recordkeeping; checklists; information sources.
DHEW Publication No.(NIOSH)75-134, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio, 45226, USA, Feb. 1975. 47p. Illus.

CIS 76-546 Health and safety guide for retail lumber and building materials.
This booklet is primarily devoted to establishments engaged in selling lumber, or lumber and building materials, to the public. Illustrated by humorous drawings and instructive sketches, it aims to assist in providing a safe and healthy workplace by describing safe practices and encouraging compliance with the U.S. health and safety regulations. Contents: health and safety guidelines (general, dust control, safe sawing practices, automatic sprinkler systems, housekeeping); frequently violated regulations (walking and working surfaces, exits, environmental control, hazardous materials, personal protective equipment, fire protection, compressed air equipment, materials handling and storage, machine guarding - in-running nip points, cutting actions, grinders, fans, air compressors -; hand and portable power tools; welding, cutting and brazing; electrical requirements); recordkeeping; checklists; information sources.
DHEW Publication No.(NIOSH)75-146, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Apr. 1975. 88p. Illus.

CIS 76-549 Health and safety guide for sporting goods stores.
Illustrated by humorous drawings and instructive sketches, this booklet aims to assist in providing a safe and healthy workplace by describing safe practices and encouraging compliance with the U.S. health and safety regulations. Chief contents: health and safety guidelines (general; displays; maintenance and repair work; automatic sprinkler systems); frequently violated regulations (walking and working surfaces, exits, environmental control, hazardous materials, personal protective equipment, sanitation, fire protection, compressed air equipment, machine guarding - grinders, fans, air compressors -; hand and portable power tools; welding, cutting and brazing; electrical requirements); recordkeeping; checklists; information sources.
DHEW Publication No.(NIOSH)75-141, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Apr. 1975. 82p. Illus.

CIS 76-177 Polakoff P.L., Lapp N.L., Reger R.
Polyvinyl chloride pyrolysis products - A potential cause for respiratory impairment.
Pulmonary function tests were undertaken in 17 meat wrappers, who showed a higher prevalence of cough phlegm, hay fever and asthma than a control group. Relative decreases in one-second forced expiratory volume and 50% forced expiratory flow after one work shift were found, while controls showed an opposite tendency. The groups were not however ideally matched for age and other factors, including smoking status.
Archives of Environmental Health, June 1975, Vol.30, No.6, p.269-271. 5 ref.

CIS 75-2045 Health and safety guide for retail bakeries.
Illustrated by humorous as well as instructive drawings, this booklet aims to assist in providing a safe healthy workplace by describing safe practices and helping to correct some of the more frequently encountered violations of the safety and health standards. Chief contents: general safety and health guidelines; frequently violated regulations (walking and working surfaces, exits, personal protective equipment, sanitation, fire protection, machinery - including screw conveyors, manually fed dough breaks, moulders, slicers, ovens, doughnut machines, mixers, dumpbins -, electrical requirements); record keeping; checklists; information sources.
HEW Publication No.(NIOSH) 75-135, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Post Office Building, Cincinnati, Ohio 45202, USA, Feb. 1975. 52p. Illus.

CIS 75-2067 Ahola A., Kiiski L., Kähönen H., Paloheimo O., Ahola J.
Working conditions at the check-out counter of a supermarket
Selvitys valintamyymälän kassan työympäristöstä [in Finnish]
The factors influencing work at check-out counters were examined by a literature survey, observing different types of check-out operations, and interviews with cashiers. Recommendations were made for eliminating the problems found and an ergonomic check-list has been drawn up for planning new counters.
Tutkimusraportti 10, National Board of Labour Protection (Työsuojeluhallitus) Tampere, Finland, 1975. 53p. Illus. 13 ref.

CIS 75-1784 Nakeseko M.
Impaired health due to heavy work load among cash register operators.
Study of subjective symptoms of fatigue and muscle strength in 291 cash register girls at supermarkets and 259 newly employed girls. The frequency of complaints of fatigue was very high in the employees of longer standing, and almost nil in the newly employed. Symptoms were reported all over the body, but were mainly localised around the shoulder, arm and hand. Muscle strength tests revealed considerably weaker pinching and gripping strength in the first group than the second, while the difference in back muscle strength was less significant. The findings appeared to be related to overworking at the cash register.
Journal of Living and Health Association, June 1975, Vol.19, No.3, p.64-71. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 75-1764 Supermarket cash registers - Instructions concerning layout of workplaces
Udgangskasser - Anvisninger angående udformning, dimensionering m.m. [in Danish]
Instructions for manufacturers, suppliers and vendors of cash registers for supermarkets: responsibilities of installers, employers and employees; ergonomic principles to be observed in the design, location and arrangement of the work seat, table, cash register and foot rest.
Publikation nr.49, Directorate of Labour Inspection (Direktoratet for Arbejdstilsynet), Upsalagade 20, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1975. 8p. Illus. Gratis.

1974

CIS 75-1195 The Offices, Shops and Railway Premises Act 1963 - Report by the Secretary of State for Employment for the year ended 31 December 1973.
This report contains chapters devoted to: operation of the Act; environmental factors; dangerous machinery, conditions and practices; fire provisions; accidents; enforcement of the Act; publicity. Appended: a list of forms and advisory publications; a list of statutory instruments; statistics of registered premises and general inspection; enforcement of the fire provisions of the Act; legal proceedings and prosecutions; classified reported accidents.
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London S.E.1, United Kingdom, 1974. 39p. Illus. Price: £0.51.

CIS 75-809 Facon M.
Safety in agricultural suppliers' establishments with annexed repair shops
La sécurité dans les commerces de matériels agricoles avec ateliers de réparations. [in French]
The development of mechanisation in agriculture is not always accompanied by a corresponding modernisation of the repair shops attached to agricultural suppliers' retail stores. A number of rules to be observed in the layout and equipment of these repair shops are quoted as well as rules governing the use of maintenance equipment (hand tools, machine tools, welding sets, compressors) and various operations (work at heights, removal and replacement of wheels, recharging batteries, handling heavy parts).
Regional Sickness Insurance Fund for Northern France (Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie du Nord de la France), 11 boulevard Vauban, 59024 Lille Cedex, France, 1974. 6p. Gratis.

CIS 75-265
Report II, Advisory Committee on Salaried Employees and Professional Workers, Seventh Session, Geneva, 1974.
Conditions of work and life of employees in commerce and offices.
Conditions de travail et de vie des employés de commerce et de bureau. [in French]
This report takes stock of the situation resulting from trends in techniques and structures in commerce and offices. Contents: hours of work and weekly rest; temporary and part-time work; paid leave; remuneration; hygiene; health and welfare services. The chapter on hygiene points out the difficulty of applying Convention No.120 and Recommendation No.120, both adopted in 1964 by the International Labour Organisation and both concerning hygiene in shops and offices, as well as that of enforcing the law on this matter in certain countries.
International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1974. 81p. Price: SF.12.00.

CIS 75-258 Safety and conditions of work of the staff in shops with a large surface area
Conditions de travail et sécurité du personnel des magasins à grande surface. [in French]
This recommendation, based on the conclusions of a survey, bears chiefly on handling and fire hazards. It advocates the provision of sufficiently spacious stockrooms and communication passages, and strict application of the regulations governing emergency exits and fire-fighting equipment.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, Recommandation No.111, National Joint Technical Committee for Food Industries and Trades and National Joint Technical Committee for Trades Other than the Food Trade (Comité technique national des industries et commerces de l'alimentation et Comité technique national des commerces non alimentaires), Paris, 16 and 19 Nov. 1973. Paris, France, 2nd quarter 1974, No.75, Note No.906-75-74, p.289.

CIS 74-1581
Recommendation No.108, Central Coordinating Committee (Comité central de coordination), Paris, 11 Dec. 1973.
Noise in retail shops
Le bruit dans les magasins de commerce. [in French]
Short series of suggestions to help in controlling excess noise, particularly in large shops (sound insulation of noise sources, location of loudspeakers, background music, periods of silence, handling of goods, etc.).
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 1st quarter 1974, No.74, Note No.890-74-74, p.149-150.

1973

CIS 75-1678 Polakoff P.L., Vandervort R.
Health hazard evaluation/toxicity determination. Seattle, Washington.
A health hazard survey evaluated thermal decomposition products of a polyvinyl chloride meat packaging film at six retail grocery companies. The medical evidence in this limited study showed that the air contaminants generated by the thermal cutting and sealing of the film in conjunction with the meat wrapping are potentially toxic to meat wrapping employees. Symptoms range from mild eye, nose and throat irritation to more serious disorders for meat wrappers who were predisposed to respiratory difficulties. Recommendations were: pre-employment medical examinations to screen out those disposed to pulmonary disorders, maintenance of meat wrapping machinery, and proper ventilation of the surroundings.
PB-229 709/1WJ, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22151, USA, Sep. 1973. 23p. Illus. 2 ref. Price: Photocopy US-$4.25/Microfiche US-$1.45.

CIS 75-1170 Nishiyama K., Nakaseko M., Hosokawa M.
Cash register operators' work and its hygienical problems in a supermarket.
27 cash register operators were medically examined and their workload was evaluated at different times in the day. The operators complained chiefly of heaviness of the legs (89%), eyestrain (56%), stiffness of the shoulders (72%) and general tiredness (66%) at the end of the working day. The results are given in a detailed synoptic table in English. In conclusion, it is recommended that safety and health standards should be established to cover all aspects of cash register operators' work.
Japanese Journal of Industrial Health - Sangyō-Igaku, May 1973, Vol.15, No.3, p.9-23. Illus. 24 ref.

CIS 74-1787 Nishiyama K., Nakaseko M., Hosokawa M.
Cash register operators' work and its hygienical problems in a supermarket.
Health examinations of 27 cash-register operators were carried out and their workloads evaluated. The results of the investigation show that the mental and physical workloads involved may cause chronic irreversible fatigue and ultimately disease. It is recommended that safety and hygiene standards be established for cash-register operators.
Japanese Journal of Industrial Health - Sangyō-Igaku, May 1973, Vol.15, No.3, p.229-243. Illus. 24 ref.

CIS 74-312 Means of escape in case of fire in offices, shops and railway premises.
A guide to the statutory requirements of the Offices, Shops and Railway Premises Act 1963 affecting the provision of fire precautions relating to means of escape. It does not deal with fire-fighting equipment, fire alarms and fire drills. Means of escape requirements applicable to all premises covered by the Act; premises requiring a fire certificate and certification procedures; means of escape in buildings being planned; means of escape in existing buildings. Information is also given on the protection of escape routes (these should provide a 30 min-standard of fire resistance), requirements concerning external escape staircases and good housekeeping standards.
Health and Safety at Work Series No.40, Department of Employment, London. H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London S.E.1, United Kingdom, 2nd edition 1973. 40 p. Price: £0.11.

CIS 74-594 The Offices, Shops and Railway Premises Act 1963 - Report by the Secretary of State for Employment for the year ended 3l December 1972
This report contains chapters devoted to: operation of the Act (general and specific provisions, fire provisions); accidents; enforcement of the Act; publicity and research. An appendix contains: a list of forms and advisory publications; a list of statutory instruments; statistics of registered premises and general inspection; enforcement of the fire provisions of the Act; legal proceedings and prosecutions; classified reported accidents.
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O.Box 569, London S.E.1., United Kingdom, 1973. 41 p. Illus. Price: £0.365.

1972

CIS 74-1460 Colas J.
Inspections of undertakings: food retail trades - Butchery, pork-butchery, fish retail trade)
Visites d'entreprises: commerces de détail de l'alimentation - Boucherie, charcuterie, poissonnerie. [in French]
Practical guidelines for medical and technical services inspecting retail trades in the fields of butchery, pork-butchery and fish retail trade. Characteristics of premises, procedures and equipment of particular interest for occupational safety and health.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 4th quarter 1972, Vol.12, No.48, p.101-118, and 3 data sheets of 6p. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 72-2105 Electrical safety of office machines
Sécurité électrique des machines de bureau [in French]
The clauses of this recommendation supplement or modify the corresponding clauses of IEC Publication 335-1, (Safety of household and similar electrical appliances - Part 1: General requirements), and apply to electric office machines designed to be used by laymen in offices, shops or similar locations (typewriters, adding machines, calculating machines, accounting and book-keeping machines, cash registers, paper-tape readers and punchers, staplers, duplicators, photocopies, etc.). Individual sections are devoted to: protection against electric shock; insulation resistance and dielectric strength; overload protection; abnormal operation; stability and mechanical hazards; mechanical strength; construction; etc. A large appendix on electronic circuits is included.
International Electrotechnical Commission, 1 rue de Varembé, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 1972. 53p. Illus. Price: SF.48.00.

CIS 73-401
Department of Employment, London
The offices, shops and railway premises Act 1963 - Report by the Secretary of State for Employment for the year ended 31 December 1971
Report of the activities of the authorities enforcing this Act during 1971. Individual chapters are devoted to: introduction (information on enforcing authorities, staffing of inspectorates, co-operation, publications and publicity, research and development, prosecutions, committee work, local-government reorganisation and new legislation); operation of the Act with regard to general provisions (registration and inspection of premises, and enforcement); operation of the Act in relation to fire provisions (inspection, certification and enforcement); accidents (collection of data, fatalities and analysis of reported accidents). Appendices contain lists of forms, advisory publications, statutory instruments and tables of registered premises, exemptions to the Act, enforcement of fire provisions, prosecutions and analysis of accidents reported in 1971 by cause, sex of victim, and workplace.
HM Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1, United Kingdom, 4 Aug. 1972. 41p.

1964

CIS 89-1759 Convention 120 and Recommendation 120 concerning hygiene in commerce and offices [ILO]
Convention 120 et Recommandation 120 concernant l'hygiène dans le commerce et les bureaux [OIT] [in French]
Convenio 120 y Recomendación 120 relativo a la higiene en el comercio y en las oficinas [OIT] [in Spanish]
The Convention establishes the basic safety, health and welfare conditions applicable to workers in commercial enterprises and in offices. The Recommendation provides details on recommended working conditions in the following areas: maintenance and cleanliness; ventilation; lighting; temperature; working space; drinking water; washstands and showers; sanitary conveniences; seats; clothing accommodation and changing rooms; underground and similar premises; obnoxious, unhealthy, or toxic substances, processes and techniques; noise and vibration; methods and pace of work; first aid; mess rooms; rest rooms; planning and construction; measures against the spread of diseases; instruction in hygiene measures; cooperation in the field of hygiene.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1964. 4p. + 11p.
http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/convde.pl?C120 (Convention 120) [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/convdf.pl?C120 (Convention 120) [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/convds.pl?C120 (Convenio 120) [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/convde.pl?R120 (Recommendation 120) [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/convdf.pl?R120 (Recommandation 120) [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/convds.pl?R120 (Recomendación 120) [in Spanish]

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