Office work - 1,210 entries found
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Sharit J., Czaja S.J., Nair S.N., Hoag D.W., Leonard D.C., Dilsen E.K.
Subjective experiences of stress, workload, and bodily discomfort as a function of age and type of computer work
A sample of 394 subjects ranging in age from 20-75 years performed a computer task (data entry, information retrieval, and accounts balancing) across a 3-day period. Age differences in the subjective experience of stress, workload, and bodily discomfort were evaluated. The results indicated that age effects for these measures varied according to task. The older subjects perceived greater workload for the more mentally challenging problem-solving oriented accounts balancing task (which involved a graphical user interface) than the younger participants, even with increased exposure to the task. However, the older subjects generally experienced less stress than the younger subjects on an information retrieval task that involved a more socially interactive telephone component. A positive relationship between the frustration component of workload and the measure of stress was also found, suggesting an important link between the constructs of stress and workload. Overall, the outcomes of this study provide important insights into design interventions intended to accommodate older as well as younger persons in the workforce. Topics: age; age-linked differences; comfort assessment; CRT display terminals; mental stress; mental workload; office work; physical workload; questionnaire survey; stress evaluation; subjective assessment; work capacity; workload assessment.
Work and Stress, Apr.-June 1998, Vol.12, No.2, p.125-144. Illus. 24 ref.
Travis D., Heasman T.
Health and Safety Executive
DSE health problems: User-based assessments of DSE health risks
Topics: artificial lighting; backache; CRT display terminals; eye irritation; fatigue; hazard evaluation; health hazards; migraine; neck disorders; questionnaire survey; risk factors; shoulder; thermal environment; visual function disorders; workplace design.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. vi, 47p. 2 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.
Aarås A., Horgen G., Bjørset H.H., Ro O., Thoresen M.
Musculoskeletal, visual and psychosocial stress in VDU operators before and after multidisciplinary ergonomic interventions
Three serial interventions were carried out on two groups of VDU workers: a new lighting system, new workstations (providing support for the forearm and hand) and an optometric examination and corrections if needed. Both groups reported significant improvement in lighting conditions and visual conditions and significantly reduced visual discomfort and glare. Significant reduction of headache was found in one of the groups. Optometric corrections reduced the visual discomfort in both groups. Before the workstation changes there were no significant differences between the groups regarding shoulder pain and static trapezius electromyography load. Two years after the intervention, a significant reduction of shoulder pain was reported in the two groups in parallel with a significant reduction in static trapezius load. Pain in the forearm and hand showed no significant changes during the study period. However, there appeared to be a relationship between pain in the forearm and hand and the time the operator used the mouse. Topics: artificial lighting; backache; comfort assessment; comparative study; CRT display terminals; electromyography; illumination levels; luminance; migraine; neuropsychic stress; shoulder; stress factors; upper extremity disorders; visual comfort; workplace design.
Applied Ergonomics, Oct. 1998, Vol.29, No.5, p.335-354. Illus. 77 ref.
Does work on visual display terminals really make you sick?
Macht Bildschirmarbeit wirklich krank? [in German]
Eyestrain before and after introduction of work on CRT display terminals was assessed by telephone operators, computer-aided designers and bank employees. All participants kept a diary of their eye problems. In addition frequency of blinking was determined. Telephone operators complained most frequently of eyestrain while bank employees had the lowest frequency of complaints. Reported eyestrain was highest during or after private conflicts. The ergonomic conditions on the workplace had little influence on the frequency of eyestrain. Topics: banking and insurance; computer aided design; computer terminals; CRT display terminals; eyes; fatigue assessment; subjective assessment; telephone exchanges; visual fatigue.
Personal, Mar. 1998, Vol.50, No.3, p.122-127. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Matias A.C., Salvendy G., Kuczek T.
Predictive models of carpal tunnel syndrome causation among VDT operators
Data on job exposure, anthropometry and posture factors were collected for 100 female video-display terminal (VDT) users who performed a variety of office functions. The percentage of the workday spent working with a VDT was the most significant factor in the causation of musculoskeletal discomforts associated with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Results also showed evidence of the importance of trunk and wrist posture in the development of CTS and indicated that individual differences in terms of anthropometric measurements play a significant role when combined with posture and duration. Results suggest that prevention of CTS is possible through ergonomic interventions in the design of workstations and jobs. Topics: anthropometry; carpal-tunnel syndrome; CRT display terminals; keyboard operations; length of exposure; mathematical models; office work; prediction; questionnaire survey; repetitive strain injury; risk factors; upper extremity disorders; women; work posture.
Ergonomics, Feb. 1998, Vol.41, No.2, p.213-226. 10 ref.
Bean A.R., McFadden T.M.
New developments in CSP (Comfort, Satisfaction and Performance)
The CSP system is used for evaluating the likely acceptance of lighting schemes by office workers. The responses of office workers obtained in some new work on CSP are compared with the predictions obtained using the original CSP data. The results of the original work are also reconsidered and an alternative interpretation is suggested to simplify the application of the CSP in practice. Topics: artificial lighting; comfort assessment; evaluation of technique; illumination levels; luminance measurement; offices; prediction; subjective assessment; visual comfort; visual performance.
Lighting Research and Technology, 1998, Vol.30, No.3, p.126-132. Illus. 10 ref.
Muzi G., Abbritti. G., Accattoli M.P., Dell'Omo M.
Prevalence of irritative symptoms in a nonproblem air-conditioned office building
In a questionnaire survey of 198 employees in an air-conditioned office building and 281 controls working in naturally ventilated buildings, a significantly higher proportion of workers in the air-conditioned building reported a lack of comfort in the working environment compared with controls. The most common complaints were strong lighting, high temperature and dry, dusty and/or stuffy air. The prevalence of ocular, upper airway and cutaneous symptoms was higher among the workers in the air-conditioned building. No significant difference was observed in respiratory or general symptoms. Working with video display units and photocopiers influenced ocular symptoms; while upper airway and cutaneous symptoms were influenced by female gender and working in the air-conditioned building. Topics: air-conditioned premises; CRT display terminals; eye irritation; irritation; natural ventilation; offices; questionnaire survey; sick building syndrome; symptoms.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Sep. 1998, Vol.71, No.6, p.372-378. Illus. 39 ref.
Limpieza de oficinas [in Spanish]
Topics: check lists; cleaning of workplaces; hazard evaluation; legislation; offices; risk factors; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, C/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 25p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_001.pdf [in Spanish]
Cook C.J., Kothiyal K.
Influence of mouse position on muscular activity in the neck, shoulder and arm in computer users
Surface electromyography and the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment were used to determine the differences in muscle activity and posture during an editing task in each of three mouse positions. Significantly less anterior and middle deltoid electromyographic activity was demonstrated when the computer mouse was positioned adjacent to a keyboard without a numeric pad when compared to performance of an identical task with the mouse adjacent to a standard keyboard. Electromyographic activity in trapezius muscle did not differ between mouse positions. Working posture of right handed mouse users is improved by removal of the numeric keypad. Topics: cervical column; computer terminals; electromyography; ergonomic evaluation; man-computer interfaces; measurement of load on muscles; shoulder; work posture; workplace design.
Applied Ergonomics, Dec. 1998, Vol.29, No.6, p.439-443. Illus. 26 ref.
A process for the development, specification and evaluation of VDU work desks
A table suitable for VDU work with a mouse was developed with the participation of furniture manufacturers, employees and an employer in a research and development company. Final evaluations of the new workstations were made by technical recordings of physical load during work and by preference studies. The most important results from the evaluation were that the work table should make it possible to support the arms, to vary between sitting and standing posture and to prevent outward rotation of the shoulder. Furthermore, the study showed that it is possible to improve the furniture manufacturer's knowledge and attitudes regarding how to minimize musculoskeletal disorders and to improve working techniques. Topics: comfort assessment; CRT display terminals; electromyography; ergonomic evaluation; evaluation of equipment; subjective assessment; tables; work posture; workers participation; workplace design.
Applied Ergonomics, Dec. 1998, Vol.29, No.6, p.423-432. Illus. 28 ref.
Burgess-Limerick R., Plooy A., Ankrum D.R.
The effect of imposed and self-selected computer monitor height on posture and gaze angle
Twelve subjects performed a tracking task with a computer monitor placed at three different heights. They then completed eight trails in which monitor height was first self-selected. The 27° change in monitor height imposed was, on average, accommodated by 18° of head inclination and a 9° change in gaze angle relative to the head. The self-selected height varied depending on the initial monitor height and inclination. Self-selected monitor heights were lower than current 'eye-level' recommendations. Lower monitor heights are likely to reduce both visual and musculoskeletal discomfort. Topics: angle of vision; cervical column; CRT display terminals; design of equipment; ergonomic evaluation; office work; sitting posture; visual comfort; work posture.
Clinical Biomechanics, Dec. 1998, Vol.13, No.8, p.584-592. Illus. 28 ref.
Nelson N.A., Silverstein B.A.
Workplace changes associated with a reduction in musculoskeletal symptoms in office workers
In a questionnaire survey of 577 office workers before and after they were moved from nine buildings to a single new facility, a reduction in hand/arm symptoms was associated with improved satisfaction with the physical workstation. A reduction in neck/shoulder/back symptoms was associated with improved chair comfort, fewer housekeeping responsibilities, female gender and low pay range. Results may be used to develop workplace changes that result in reductions of musculoskeletal disorders. Topics: back disorders; comfort criteria; design of equipment; hand; musculoskeletal diseases; neck disorders; office chairs; office equipment; office work; questionnaire survey; risk factors; shoulder; social aspects; symptoms; workplace design.
Human Factors, June 1998, Vol.40, No.2, p.337-350. 25 ref.
Smith M.J., Karsh B.T., Conway F.T., Cohen W.J., James C.A., Morgan J.J., Sanders K., Zehel D.J.
Effects of a split keyboard design and wrist rest on performance, posture, and comfort
In a laboratory study of text typing for 4 consecutive hours on 5 days, 18 participants were exposed to a split, adjustable keyboard and a flat keyboard. Participants could perform as well on the split keyboard as on the flat keyboard. The split keyboard provided advantages for reduced wrist/hand pronation. There was no difference between the keyboards in the level of musculoskeletal pain reported after typing. However, there was reported increased pain in the back, neck, shoulders and wrists from the beginning to the end of each of the experimental periods form both keyboards. Topics: backache; comfort assessment; computer terminals; data processing; design of equipment; ergonomics; keyboard operations; musculoskeletal diseases; neck disorders; shoulder; subjective assessment; work capacity; work posture; wrist.
Human Factors, June 1998, Vol.40, No.2, p.324-336. Illus. 41 ref.
Year 2000 and the issue of safety
Legal responsibilities of companies as a result of computer failure in the year 2000 are outlined. It is recommended that organizations should implement an assessment of the potential health and safety risks to both their employees and the public in order to limit their legal liability. Topics: computer-assisted control; computers; criminal liability; hazard evaluation; legal aspects; responsibilities of employers.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Oct. 1998, Vol.16, No.10, p.31-32.
Teculescu D.B., Sauleau E.A., Massin N., Bohadana A.B., Buhler O., Benamghar L., Mur J.M.
Sick-building symptoms in office workers in northeastern France: A pilot study
Topics: air-conditioned premises; asthma; cross-sectional study; irritation; migraine; offices; sick building syndrome; sickness absenteeism; upper respiratory diseases.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, July 1998, Vol.71, No.5, p.353-356. 13 ref.
Çakir A.E., Çakir G.
Light and health - A study of illumination systems in German offices
Licht und Gesundheit - Eine Untersuchung zum Stand der Beleuchtungstechnik in deutschen Büros [in German]
Topics: artificial light; artificial lighting; CRT display terminals; ergonomics; Germany; illumination design; offices; questionnaire survey; visual comfort.
Ergonomic Institut für Arbeits- und Socialforschung Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Soldauer Platz 3, 14055 Berlin, Germany, 3rd ed,. Jan. 1998. approx. 200p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 65.00.
Villanueva M.B.G., Jonai H., Saito S.
Ergonomic aspects of portable personal computers with flat panel displays (PC-FPDs): Evaluation of posture, muscle activities, discomfort and performance
Topics: comfort assessment; computers; electromyography; ergonomics; keyboard operations; muscle contractor activity; posture recording; work posture.
Industrial Health, July 1998, Vol.36, No.3, p.282-289. Illus. 14 ref.
Noise control of office copy machines
Topics: duplicating; noise control; noise level; office equipment; safety by design.
Noise Control Engineering Journal, Jan.-Feb. 1998, Vol.46, No.1, p.11-14. Illus. 17 ref.
Linz D.H., Pinney S.M., Keller J.D., White M., Buncher C.R.
Cluster analysis applied to building-related illness
Topics: allergies; epidemiologic study; offices; sick building syndrome; subjective assessment; symptoms; USA.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1998, Vol.40, No.2, p.165-171. 7 ref.
Muzi G., Dell'Omo M., Abbritti G., Accattoli P., Fiore M.C., Gabrielli A.R.
Objective assessment of ocular and respiratory alterations in employees in a sick building
Topics: air-conditioned premises; allergens; epidemiologic study; eye irritation; inflammatory diseases of the eye; irritants; Italy; offices; respiratory function tests; respiratory impairment; sick building syndrome; skin tests.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1998, Vol.34, No.1, p.79-88. Illus. 57 ref.
Uter W., Pfahlberg A., Gefeller O., Schwanitz H.J.
Hand eczema in a prospectively-followed cohort of office workers
Topics: anamnesis; cohort study; eczema; Germany; hand; individual susceptibility; irritation; office work.
Contact Dermatitis, Feb. 1998, Vol.38, No.2, p.83-89. 10 ref.
Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs) - Part 11: Guidance on usability
Exigences ergonomiques pour travail de bureau avec terminaux à écrans de visualisation (TEV) - Partie 11: Lignes directrices relatives à l'utilisabilité [in French]
Topics: computer terminals; CRT display terminals; ergonomics; ISO; man-computer interfaces; office work; standard.
International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1998. iv, 22p. Illus. 25 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Working with VDUs
Training brochure on the health and safety aspects of visual display unit work (United Kingdom), 1998. Topics: CRT display terminals; expectant mothers; legislation; responsibilities of employers; safety guides; training material; United Kingdom; upper extremity disorders; visual fatigue.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Feb. 1998. 16p. Illus. 2 ref.
Visual ergonomics in the workplace
Topics: artificial lighting; blind workers; CRT display terminals; design of equipment; economic aspects; ergonomics; eye examinations; face and eye protection; glossary; legal aspects; manuals; physiology of vision; relaxation exercises; visual comfort; visual displays; visual function disorders; workplace design.
Taylor and Francis, Rankine Road, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG24 8PR, United Kingdom, 1998. x, 148p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBR 14.95.
Leclerc A., Landre M.F., Pietri F., Beaudoin M., David S.
Evaluation of interventions for prevention of back, neck and shoulder disorders in three occupational groups
An epidemiological study was carried out in order to evaluate the effects of prevention programs at the workplace aimed at reducing back, neck, and shoulder morbidity among active workers. The intervention group included 275 workers in three occupational subgroups: hospital workers, warehouse workers, and office workers. The control group included 250 workers as comparable as possible to the intervention group. Comparisons were made according to one-year changes in morbidity scores for low back, upper back, neck, and shoulder disorders separately. An overall measure was also used. The one-year change in the overall measure was significantly different between the intervention group and the control group, indicating a positive effect of the prevention programs.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan.-Mar. 1997, Vol.3 No.1, p.5-12. 23 ref.
Checking computer screen workplaces - Software on the Visual Display Unit Ordinance [Germany]
Bildschirmarbeitsplatz-Check - Software zur Bildschirmarbeitsverordnung [in German]
Topics: CD-ROM; computer programme; CRT display terminals; ergonomic evaluation; Germany; legislation; work design; workplace design.
Universum Verlagsanstalt, GmbH KG, Postfach 5720, 65175 Wiesbaden, Germany, 1997. CD-ROM for Windows 3.1, 3.11 or 95. Required configuration: 486DX266, 8MB RAM (12 MB recommended), min. 15 MB HardDisk (30 MB recommended), VGA Monitor 256 colours, mouse.
Guidelines for work with visual display units
Topics: air conditioning; artificial lighting; CRT display terminals; data sheet; electromagnetic radiation; ergonomics; eye examinations; glare; occupational hygiene; permissible radiation doses; safety guides; Singapore; sitting posture; work-rest schedules; workplace design.
Department of Industrial Health, Ministry of Labour, 18 Havelock Road, Singapore 053764, Republic of Singapore, Dec. 1997. 22p. Illus.
Henning R.A., Jacques P., Kissel G.V., Sullivan A.B., Alteras-Webb S.M.
Frequent short rest breaks from computer work: Effects on productivity and well-being at two field sites
Computer operators at two work sites were prompted to take three 30s and one 3min break from computer work each hour in addition to conventional rest breaks. Some operators were asked to perform stretching exercises during the short breaks. Mood state and musculoskeletal discomfort were assessed at each work site over a 2- or 3-week baseline period and a 4- or 6- week treatment period, respectively. Operator productivity measures were obtained from company records. Operators complied with about half of the added breaks but favoured 3min breaks over 30s breaks. No improvement in productivity or well-being was found at the larger work site. At the smaller work site, productivity, eye, leg and foot comfort all improved when the short breaks included stretching exercises. These results provide evidence that frequent short breaks from continuous computer-mediated work can benefit worker productivity and well-being when the breaks integrate with task demands. Topics: banking and insurance; computer terminals; data processing; musculoskeletal diseases; relaxation exercises; work capacity; work efficiency; workbreaks.
Ergonomics, Jan. 1997, Vol.40, No.1, p.78-91. Illus. 24 ref.
Calvo Sáez J.A.
Work with visual display terminals and workplace lighting
Iluminación de locales en los que se trabaja con ordenadores de pantalla [in Spanish]
Topics: artificial lighting; contrast; CRT display terminals; field of vision; fluorescent tubes; glare; illumination levels; light measurement; lighting; luminance; reflected light; visual comfort; working surfaces; workplaces.
Prevención, July-Sep. 1997, No.141, p.22-38. Illus. 8 ref.
Ooi P.L., Goh K.T.
Sick building syndrome: An emerging stress-related disorder?
A case-control study used data from confidential questionnaires to assess symptoms and perception of the physical and psychosocial environment among 2,160 subjects in 67 offices. Working conditions were also inspected and indoor air quality monitored. An incremental trend in prevalence of sick building syndrome was found among office workers who reported high levels of physical and mental stress, and decreasing climate of co-operation. This association was confirmed after multivariate adjustment for significant personal and environmental exposure factors. The study confirmed stress to be a significant and independent determinant of the health complaints, and that symptoms compatible with the sick building syndrome were, in many cases, stress-related. Topics: case-control study; CRT display terminals; neuropsychic stress; office work; questionnaire survey; risk factors; sick building syndrome; social aspects; subjective assessment; thermal comfort.
International Journal of Epidemiology, 1997, Vol.26, No.6, p.1243-1249. 40 ref.
Working safely with video display terminals
Topics: artificial lighting; check lists; CRT display terminals; data sheet; design of equipment; electromagnetic radiation; health hazards; musculoskeletal diseases; USA; visual fatigue; work design; workplace design.
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Publications Office, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington D.C. 20210, USA, 1997. iii, 28p. Illus. 17 ref.
Technological stress: Psychophysiological aspects of working with modern information technology
In a study of the bodily, mental and psychophysiological reactions of employees involved in the design of advanced telecommunications systems and of office employees using regular video display technology, several stress-related psychosomatic disorders were identified. They include sleep disturbances, psychophysiological stress and somatic complaints. Controlled intervention programmes aimed at enhancing organizational structures and individual coping strategies have proved effective in counteracting the negative effects of working with information technology. The two-way interaction between the external information technology environment and bodily and mental reactions needs to be taken into account in the design and use of modern information technology. Topics: biological effects; computers; CRT display terminals; human factors; mental health; neuropsychic stress; new technologies; office work; programme evaluation; psychological and psychiatric services; psychological effects; psychosomatic disorders; questionnaire survey; sleep disturbances; social aspects; telecommunications.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 1997, Vol.23, Suppl.3, p.97-103. Illus. 43 ref.
VDTs: Further contributions
VDT: un ulteriore contributo [in Italian]
Topics: comment on law; computer terminals; CRT display terminals; ergonomic evaluation; health hazards; Italy; man-computer interfaces; musculoskeletal diseases; neuropsychic stress; risk factors; visual function disorders; work design; workplace design.
Fogli d'informazione ISPESL, Oct.-Dec. 1997, Vol.10, No.4, p.90-99. Illus. 10 ref.
Assessment and prevention of hazards from using equipment with visual display units
Evaluación y prevención de los riesgos relativos a la utilización de equipos con pantallas de visualización [in Spanish]
Topics: check lists; comment on law; computer terminals; CRT display terminals; hazard evaluation; legislation; offices; Spain; workplace design.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, C/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 54p. Illus. 22 ref.
Ergonomics: A healthy choice
La ergonomía: una opción saludable [in Spanish]
Topics: design of equipment; ergonomic evaluation; ergonomics; mental workload; office chairs; office work; work posture; workplace design.
Protección y seguridad, Jan.-Feb. 1997, No.251, p.22-27. Illus. 1 ref.
Krämer M., Johannsmeyer U., Wehinger H.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Electronic protective systems in explosion-proof installations
Elektronische Schutzsysteme in explosionsgeschützten Anlagen [in German]
Topics: computers; explosion protection; explosion-proof electrical equipment; explosive atmospheres; flameproof construction; Germany; reliability; report; safety devices.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH, Bürgermeister-Smidt-Str. 74-46, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1997. viii, 118p. Illus. 14 ref.
Polanyi M.F.D., Cole D.C., Beaton D.E., Chung J., Wells R., Abdolell M., Beech-Hawley L., Ferrier S.E., Mondloch M.V., Shields S.A., Smith J.M., Shannon H.S.
Upper limb work-related musculoskeletal disorders among newspaper employees: Cross-sectional survey results
Topics: Canada; computer terminals; cross-sectional study; elbow; ergonomics; hand; human factors; journalism; keyboard operations; musculoskeletal diseases; neck disorders; repetitive strain injury; risk factors; shoulder; social aspects; speed of work; upper extremity disorders; work organization; work posture; wrist.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Dec. 1997, Vol.32, No.6, p.620-628. 49 ref.
Ferreira M., de Souza Conceição G.M., Nascimento Saldiva P.H.
Work organization is significantly associated with upper extremities musculoskeletal disorders among employees engaged in interactive computer-telephone tasks of an international bank subsidiary in São Paulo, Brazil
Topics: banking and insurance; Brazil; computer terminals; epidemiologic study; hand; intensity of work; musculoskeletal diseases; repetitive strain injury; risk factors; speed of work; telephone communications; upper extremity disorders; work organization; work-rest schedules; wrist.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 1997, Vol.31, No.4, p.468-473. 26 ref.
Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs) - Part 15: Command dialogues
Exigences ergonomiques concernant le travail de bureau avec terminaux à écrans de visualisation (TEV) - Partie 15: Dialogues de type langage de commande [in French]
Topics: CRT display terminals; ergonomics; ISO; man-computer interfaces; office work; standard.
International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1997. vi, 29p. Illus. 55 ref.
Office ergonomics programs - A case study of North American corporations
Topics: Canada; ergonomic evaluation; ergonomics; hazard evaluation; health programmes; implementation of control measures; information of personnel; offices; programme evaluation; survey; telecommuting; USA; workplace design.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 1997, Vol.39, No.12, p.1203-1211. 3 ref.
Feuerstein M., Armstrong T., Hickey P., Lincoln A.
Computer keyboard force and upper extremity symptoms
Topics: case-control study; keyboard operations; mental stress; muscular strength; office work; physical workload; speed of work; upper extremity disorders; workplace design.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 1997, Vol.39, No.12, p.1144-1153. Illus. 34 ref.
Karquel C., Edmé J.L., Nuttens M.C., Pamart-Denaux B., Dhalluin D., Frimat P.
VDU work and psychotropic drugs consumption: Myth or reality?
Travail sur écran et consommation de psychotropes: mythe ou réalité? [in French]
Topics: benzodiazepines; conditions of work; CRT display terminals; drugs; France; questionnaire survey; statistical evaluation; women.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, 1997, Vol.58, No.6, p.533-538. 14 ref.
Fernström E., Ericson M.O.
Computer mouse or trackpoint - Effects on muscular load and operator experience
Topics: ergonomic evaluation; ergonomics; forearm supports; hand; keyboard operations; man-computer interfaces; measurement of load on muscles; office work; shoulder; Sweden.
Applied Ergonomics, Oct./Dec. 1997, Vol.28, No.5/6, p.347-354. Illus. 26 ref.
Booklet on alternative keyboard design. Topics: CRT display terminals; design of equipment; ergonomics; hand; keyboard operations; office equipment; office work; USA; work posture; wrist lesions.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, 1997. 13p. Illus.
Seneviratne M., Phoon W.
Do indoor air quality remedies cure "sick" buildings? A case study
Topics: air-conditioned premises; airborne dust; Australia; offices; questionnaire survey; sick building syndrome; social aspects; subjective assessment; thermal environment.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 1997, Vol.13, No.4, p.381-387. Illus. 12 ref.
Villanueva M.B.G., et al.
Sitting posture and neck and shoulder muscle activities at different screen height settings of the visual display terminal
Working posture and electromyographic activities of the neck and shoulder muscles were determined in ten video display terminal operators performing a mouse-driven interactive task at screen height settings of 80, 100 and 120cm. Changes in body positions were measured by video image and frame analysis. At greater screen heights, the neck became significantly more erect, and subjects assumed a more backward leaning trunk position. A more upright position of the neck may result in decreased load on the neck extensor muscles, as indicated by the strong correlation between neck flexion and neck extensor muscle activity.
Industrial Health, July 1997, Vol.35, No.3, p.330-336. Illus. 24 ref.
Begemann S.H.A., van den Beld G.J., Tenner A.D.
Daylight, artificial light and people in an office environment, overview of visual and biological responses
In a long-term study of the responses of office workers to daylight and artificial light, identical cell offices were equipped with a ceiling-based lighting system which workers could adjust as they wished. Preferred lighting levels were higher than current indoor lighting standards and corresponded to levels where biological stimulation can occur. Results for two occupants showed striking differences in lighting settings corresponding to individual circadian rhythms and performance. Lack of light may negatively influence alertness, performance and the degree of well-being.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep. 1997, Vol.20, No.3, p.231-239. Illus. 9 ref.
Health and Safety Commission
Local authorities report on health and safety in service industries containing statistics for 1995-96
This report provides summary information on the nature of accidents in service sector premises for the period 1995-1996 and describes the inspection, enforcement and other activities of the Health and Safety Executive/Local Authority Enforcement Liaison Committee (HELA). An annex provides comprehensive information on local authority activity, accident case studies and detailed statistical data.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, June 1997. iii, 10p. Annex 135p.
Eriksson N., et al.
Facial skin symptoms in office workers: A five-year follow-up study
The objective of this long-term study was to investigate changes in and causes of facial skin symptoms among visual display terminal (VDT) workers in northern Sweden, based on questionnaire surveys, workplace assessment, interviews with personnel staff and clinical examinations of 163 subjects selected as a case-referent group from 3,233 VDT workers. Among workers with isolated skin symptoms, facial symptoms were of a transitory nature, whereas the prognosis for those with a more complex set of symptoms was less favourable. Changes in the use of VDTs and other electric devices had no effect on facial skin symptoms, and the strongest external risk indicators for lasting skin symptoms were in the psychosocial work environment and in individual health factors.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1997, Vol.39, No.2, p.108-118. 28 ref.
Bosma H., et al.
Low job control and risk of coronary heart disease in Whitehall II (prospective cohort) study
This prospective cohort study provided information on psychosocial factors of the work environment and coronary heart disease. Mean length of follow-up was 5.3 years. 10,308 civil servants aged 35-55 - 6,895 men (67%) and 3,413 women (33%) - were studied. Subjects with low job control, either self-reported or independently assessed, had a higher risk of newly reported coronary heart disease during follow up. The cumulative effect of low job control assessed on two occasions indicates that giving employees more variety in tasks and a stronger say in decisions about work may decrease the risk of coronary heart disease.
British Medical Journal, Feb. 1997, Vol.314, p.558-565. 34 ref.
Arnetz B.B., Berg M., Arnetz J.
Mental strain and physical symptoms among employees in modern offices
A questionnaire assessed both physical and psychosocial work environments and personal health in 133 Swedish office employees. Environmental factors most often associated with poor work environments were considered. The major indoor air pollutants were emission products from traffic and 1,1,1-trichloroethane from correction fluid. The results point to the importance of looking at both the psychosocial and physical environments when health complaints arise in modern offices.
Archives of Environmental Health, Jan.-Feb. 1997, Vol.52, No.1, p.63-67. 19 ref.
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