Entertainment services and sports - 215 entries found
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Conditions of employment and work of performers
Conditions d'emploi et de travail des artistes interprètes [in French]
A report prepared by the International Labour Office (ILO) as a basis for discussion at a Tripartite Meeting (5-13 May 1992). Topics covered include employment and unemployment, working time and earnings, performers' rights, social security and health, safety and the working environment. The latter covers occupational risks, recognised occupational diseases, inspection of workplaces, protection of freelance performers under occupational safety and health legislation, and participation of performers and their representatives in occupational safety and health matters.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1992. iv, 99p. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 17.50.
Refrigerant safety in ice recreation facilities
Guidelines for handling ammonia/fluorocarbon refrigerants in public recreation facilities are detailed in this training brochure. Topics covered: general information about types of refrigerants; facility owner's responsibilities; emergency procedures; safety equipment requirements; first aid; maintenance procedures; basic preventive maintenance; design considerations.
Alberta Occupational Health and Safety, 5th Floor, 4920 - 51 Street, Red Deer, Alberta T4N 5Y5, Canada, 1991. 20p. Illus.
Occupational pathology of string instrument players
Pathologie professionnelle des instrumentistes à cordes [in French]
This dissertation, submitted for a Diploma in Special Studies in occupational medicine, is mainly concerned with the pathology of string instrument players in the field of classical music. Ergonomic characteristics of instrumental practice and special disorders of string players are described along with their specific occupational pathology due to postural constraints and the repetitive movements required by each of the instruments. The non-specific pathology of professional musicians and the effects of their working conditions on this pathology are also described. Some medical, technical and legislative solutions are proposed.
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, UER Broussais Hôtel-Dieu, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Médecine, 75006 Paris, France, 1991. 50p. 68 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Electrical safety at places of entertainment
Contents of this guidance note: legal requirements under the Health and Safety at Work Act; enforcement responsibilities; licensing of places of entertainment; electrical hazards and electric shock; precautions for fixed installations, lighting and sound supplies and electricity generators; transformers for 110-125 volt equipment. In the appendix: specific guidance for temporary and outdoor entertainment; check-list for routine electrical checks for portable apparatus.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, May 1991. 8p. 5 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Safe operation of passenger carrying amusement devices - Inflatable bouncing devices
Contents of this guidance note: description of inflatable bouncers; hazards; access to the device at outdoor events and provision of perimeter fencing; safe operation; training of operators and attendants; examination, inspection and maintenance; modifications; records; recommendations for design and manufacture (access/egress, anchorage system, inflatable structure, materials, totally enclosed structures, test certification, provision of information).
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1991. 8p. Illus. 5 ref.
Electrical safety for entertainers
This booklet provides basic guidance on the risks and precautions for entertainers using electrical equipment. Contents: general electrical safety and the use of residual current devices; hazards and precautions in the use of sound equipment, lighting and other effects; transformers for 110-125V American equipment; relevant legislation. The booklet is supplemented by HSE Guidance Note GS 50 "Electrical safety at places of entertainment" (HMSO, ISBN 0-11-885598-0).
Health and Safety Executive, Broad Lane, Sheffield S3 7HQ, United Kingdom, 1991. 20p. Illus. 4 ref.
Hazardous actions on stage and in arenas of assembly halls
Feuergefährliche Handlungen auf Bühnen und Szenenflächen in Versammlungsstätten [in German]
The fire prevention rules that apply to all theatres in Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany, are outlined. They address the safe handling of burning candles, torches and fireworks in plays, such as avoiding contact with inflammable fabrics. Only safety torches and spark-free fire crackers, which give off no heat, may be used.
Brandschutz, 1990, Vol.44, No.3, p.127-129. Illus.
A dental appliance for a clarinettist experiencing temporomandibular joint pain
Dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in a wind musician can limit or even eliminate the musician's ability to play. The design and application of a mandibular dental appliance for use as a performance aid for a clarinettist previously treated for TMJ dysfunction is described. Although the appliance may not return a player to the original performance level, in this case it did allow for a reasonable level of performance.
Medical Problems of Performing Artists, Sep. 1989, Vol.4, No.2, p.118-121. Illus. 15 ref.
Lockwood A.H., Lindsay M.L.
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy after overuse - The possible relationship to focal dystonia
Four case reports are presented of musicians with reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) following muscle-tendon overuse syndrome. The clinical features, treatment and pathophysiological mechanisms that cause RSD are reviewed.
Medical Problems of Performing Artists, Sep. 1989, Vol.4, No.3, p.114-117. 11 ref.
Harding D.C., Brandt K.D., Hillberry B.M.
Minimization of finger joint forces and tendon tensions in pianists
A mathematical model based on finger anatomy was used to determine finger tendon tensions and joint reaction forces for specific finger positions and input fingertip forces. The magnitude of dynamic fingertip/key force was measured using a digital electronic piano. The model equations were then solved to determine the finger positions yielding minimum tendon and joint forces. In general, use of a more curved finger position reduces flexor tendon tensions and therefore the resulting joint reaction forces in the finger.
Medical Problems of Performing Artists, Sep. 1989, Vol.4, No.3, p.103-108. Illus. 8 ref.
Manchester R.A., Lustik S.
The short-term outcome of hand problems in music students
Forty-nine musicians who had presented to their University's health service for performance-related hand problems were followed by survey one year later. Results suggest that most musicians who seek medical care for such problems will be back to their baseline level of functioning with few or no symptoms in less than a year. However, a significant minority will be symptomatic and at least mildly limited in ability to perform. Although the sample size was small, findings are similar to those already documented in the literature.
Medical Problems of Performing Artists, June 1989, Vol.4, No.2, p.95-96. 6 ref.
Patrone N.A., Hoppman R.A., Whaley J., Schmidt R.
Digital nerve compression in a violinist with benign hypermobility - A case study
Although epidemiological studies suggest that benign hypermobility may be common in musicians, few reports have linked this disorder to nerve entrapment. A case study is presented of a college level violin student whose hypermobility led to a digital nerve entrapment. The examination of the patient is described along with the diagnosis and treatment. A therapeutic programme of splinting and exercise led to rapid resolution of the problem.
Medical Problems of Performing Artists, June 1989, Vol.4, No.2, p.91-94. Illus. 10 ref.
Aging and the careers of symphony orchestra musicians
Fourteen retired musicians from an American symphony orchestra were interviewed to determine details of their careers, medical problems arising during the career and threatening it, and attitudes towards music, the orchestra and their careers. Although medical problems were mentioned, no one problem was found to be incompatible with playing to an advanced age. The musicians' attitudes towards their career and retirement are discussed.
Medical Problems of Performing Artists, June 1989, Vol.4, No.2, p.81-85. 12 ref.
Howard J.A., Lovrovich A.T.
Wind instruments: their interplay with orofacial structures
A survey of 72 amateur wind musicians revealed that although the occurrence of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain and dysfunction was comparable to the general population, many reported that such pain was accentuated by playing. The most common orofacial problem was lip sores, especially for reed instrumentalists. The individual variability of the mouth and associated musculature along with the positioning of the lips, teeth and tongue are considered in relation to the choice of instrument. Dental problems of wind instrumentalists and the role of orthodontists are also discussed.
Medical Problems of Performing Artists, June 1989, Vol.4, No.2, p.59-72. Illus. 57 ref.
Correlates of adaptive and maladaptive musical performance anxiety
A survey of 193 musicians examined the relationship between several measures of musical performance anxiety and personal factors. Results suggest that such anxiety may consist of both positive components (arousal, intensity) and negative components (apprehension, distractibility). Musicians with professional playing experience scored higher on the positive components and lower on the negative components. The disabling effects of certain symptoms of autonomic arousal were instrument-specific (dry mouth, finger tremor). Therapeutic intervention for anxious musicians should ideally promote relaxation and yet allow concentration and arousal to be maintained.
Medical Problems of Performing Artists, Mar. 1989, Vol.4, No.1, p.49-56. 25 ref.
Middlestadt S.E., Fishbein M.
The prevalence of severe musculoskeletal problems among male and female symphony orchestra string players
Results of a national survey by the International Conference of Symphony and Opera Musicians (ICSOM) showed that the percentage of musicians reporting a musculoskeletal problem that they judged to be severe in terms of its effect on performance was found to differ significantly as a function of string instrument, gender and musculoskeletal location. Since different locations were found to be problematic for players of different string instruments, there is clear evidence for occupational factors in the development of these problems. Gender differences were found to depend on both string instrument and musculoskeletal location.
Medical Problems of Performing Artists, Mar. 1989, Vol.4, No.1, p.41-48. 12 ref.
Nolan W.B., Eaton R.G.
Thumb problems of professional musicians
A review of the diagnosis, examination and treatment of thumb problems caused by rapid, repetitive forces exerted on the musculoskeletal, orthopaedic and neural systems in professional musicians. Diagnosis is based on a comprehensive history as well as physical examination of the thumb; treatment options include splinting, oral medication, injectable steroids, muscle relaxants, hand therapy and surgery. Case reports illustrate diagnosis and treatment for various thumb disorders. If properly diagnosed and treated, the majority of these problems have a good prognosis.
Medical Problems of Performing Artists, Mar. 1989, Vol.4, No.1, p.20-24. Illus. 5 ref.
Goodman G., Staz S.
Occupational therapy for musicians with upper extremity overuse syndrome: Patient perceptions regarding effectiveness of treatment
A survey of musicians taking part in an occupational therapy programme indicated that the programme was perceived by most of them to be effective in decreasing the symptoms for which they sought treatment and in increasing work productivity. The survey also showed that overuse problems were reported more frequently among female musicians, the right hand was the most common site of injury, and pianists and string instrumentalists were more frequently seen in therapy than any other types of musicians. The survey helped to identify the most effective types of treatment.
Medical Problems of Performing Artists, Mar. 1989, Vol.4, No.1, p.9-14. 9 ref.
Water treatment by chemical disinfection: A manual of standard practice
Safe practices for the use of chemical disinfection systems, other than chlorine gas, are described. The major use of disinfection chemicals is in swimming pools and this manual covers the different chemicals in use. Major areas of concern are identified and steps are outlined to ensure a safe and healthy workplace.
Workers' Compensation Board of British Columbia, 6951 Westminster Highway, Richmond, British Columbia V7C 1C6, Canada, 1989. 36p. Illus.
Work environment, safety and health for musicians
Arbejdsmiljø, sikkerhed og sundhed ved musikerarbejde [in Danish]
This brochure uses humour to convey information on the health hazards associated with the work of musicians and gives practical advice on how to achieve better working conditions. Contents: the thermal environment, sound level, electrical safety, stage setup, ventilation, lighting, draught, fire protection, safety organisation, welfare facilities, ergonomics and work postures, occupational injuries. A list of relevant Danish directives is appended.
Arbejdsmiljøfondet, Vermundsgade 38, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1989. 1 leaflet. Illus. 12 ref.
A code of safe practice at fairs: Technical annex
Contents of this technical annex to the Code (see CIS 85-540): design of equipment (design parameters and verification, selection and correct use of materials, fasteners and welding, foundations, framework, passenger units and passenger restraints, couplings, power systems, safety related control systems, fatigue failure of component parts, corrosion protection); manufacture and supply of equipment (quality assurance, information to be provided by the supplier); maintenance, testing and examination (routine servicing, repairs and modifications, examination procedures, electrical systems); non-destructive testing.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1988. 28p. Bibl. Price: GBP 3.50.
Ministerium für Kultur, Berlin
Occupational safety and health. Fire protection. Cultural performances. Laser units on stages. Safety engineering [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz. Brandschutz. Kulturelle Veranstaltungen. Bühnen-Laseranlagen [in German]
This standard, effective 1 July 1989, covers terms and definitions relating to laser installations and danger zones. Safety engineering requirements for the equipment used are laid down. The procedures included, workplaces and auditorium and safe behaviour are discussed.
Verlag für Standardisierung, PF 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, Aug. 1988. 3p.
Radiation exposure from monitors and effects on hearing of high-frequency tones at workplaces in television and film production studios
Zur Strahlenbelastung durch Monitore und zu Auswirkungen von Pfeiftönen auf die Hörfähigkeit an Arbeitsplätzen im Fernseh- und Filmbereich [in German]
The radiation measured at a distance of 5cm from visual display units is 0.2mR/h. Thus, the quarterly radiation dose operators are exposed to is 0.5rem. In the Federal Republic of Germany the permissible quarterly radiation dose for women is 1.5rem. For men it is 3rem. A similar comparison for high-frequency tones in film studios yielded no noise exposure that would lead to hearing impairment.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz, Prophylaxe und Ergonomie, 1988, Vol.38, No.6, p.170-176. Illus. 30 ref.
Health and Safety Commission
Safety in swimming pools
This booklet provides guidance for pool operators and others concerned (including designers and manufacturers) on the risks associated with swimming pool operation, and on precautions to help achieve a safer environment for both the public who use swimming pools, and employees who work at them. The guidance applies to all types of pools used for swimming or leisure, except pools designed for medical or therapeutic purposes; paddling pools; private swimming pools in domestic premises. Contents: safe design of the pool structures, systems and equipment; maintenance requirements and safe working practices (except water treatment); the pool water treatment system; supervision arrangements to safeguard pool users; equipment provided for bathers' use. 10 appendices.
The Sports Council Publication Department, 16 Upper Woburn Place, London WC1H OQP, United Kingdom, 1988. 68p. Illus. 112 ref. Price: GBP 4.50.
Middlestadt S.E., Fishbein M.
Health and occupational correlates of perceived occupational stress in symphony orchestra musicians
Results of a survey of 2,212 musicians from 47 symphony orchestras revealed a significant relationship between perceived occupational stress and prevalence of a number of psychological as well as physical medical problems. Age and occupational factors, such as the orchestra in which the musician plays, the instrument played, and status as a soloist, were also found to be significant correlates of perceived stress.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Sep. 1988, Vol.30, No.9, p.687-697. Illus. 12 ref.
Contribution to the study of the job of swimming-pool life guards
Contribution à l'étude du poste de maître-nageur sauveteur surveillant de piscine [in French]
Topics: literature on the subject; clinical examination and testing; analysis of environmental factors (temperature, lighting, chemical substances and microorganisms present). The most important risk factor is noise (exposure to levels over 90dBA).
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2nd Quarter 1988, No.110, p.43-46.
Bowman J.D., Garabrant D.H., Sobel E., Peters J.M.
Exposure to extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields in occupations with elevated leukemia rates
In this study, spot measurements were taken of ELF (< 100Hz) electric and magnetic field exposures of electrical workers at 114 worksites in various industries. For comparison, field strength was measured in 18 residences and 3 offices. The survey indicated that workers were in general more exposed to strong fields than were people in residential and office settings.
Applied Industrial Hygiene, June 1988, Vol.3, No.6, p.189-194. Illus. 38 ref.
Schäcke G., Kwiatkowski A., Fuchs A.
Audiometric tests in musicians
Audiometrische Untersuchungen bei Musikern [in German]
Musicians need intact hearing to follow their profession. On the other hand, music can reach sound levels which may be harmful. 108 orchestra musicians were tested. Violinists, violists and cellists had the highest absolute number of abnormalities (9), whereas percussionists had the highest relative proportion (3 of 7). The hearing loss was more distinct on the left ear than on the right one. Orchestra musicians should be tested regularly to diagnose hearing losses more precisely.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz, Prophylaxe und Ergonomie, 1987, Vol.37, No.7, p.221-226. Illus. 13 ref.
Stewart P.A., Cubit D., Blair A.
Formaldehyde levels in seven industries
Personal air monitoring was conducted in each of the plants using badges. Three full-shift samples were taken in the summer and three in the winter. Some of the levels reported were unexpectedly high, possibly resulting from off-gassing of formaldehyde from the formaldehyde-containing dust, and may not have reflected actual ambient air concentrations. A significant source of formaldehyde exposure may have been resin and moulding compound dust.
Applied Industrial Hygiene, Nov. 1987, Vol.2, No.6, p.231-236. 18 ref.
Prevalence of overuse (injury) syndrome in Australian music schools
Overuse (injury) syndrome, common in musicians, is characterised by persisting pain and tenderness in the muscles and joint ligaments of the upper limb due to excessive use and in more advanced instances by weakness and loss of response and control in the affected muscle groups. This occurs typically in tertiary music students when their practice load is raised. In seven Australian performing music schools the minimum prevalence of the condition was 9.3%. In 2 schools where the study was more controlled the incidences were 13% and 21%. The factors leading to the syndrome may be identified as (1) the genetic factor of vulnerability which cannot be altered, (2) the student's technique which may be influenced by teaching and application so that it is more "energy efficient", and (3) the time and intensity of practice which is totally within the student's control. Prevention involves education of staff and students about the overuse process, rationalisation of practice habits and repertoire, abolition or reduction of static loading of the weight of the instruments, and earlier reporting when the problem is most easily corrected. Psychological problems arising in this syndrome appeared to occur as a reaction to the condition rather than as a causal factor.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Jan. 1987, Vol.44, No.1, p.35-40. 19 ref.
Overuse syndrome in musicians - 100 years ago
A survey of the medical literature (1830-1911) on an ergonomic problem on which there has been recently a great renewal of interest. Total rest from the mechanical use of the hand was the only effective treatment recorded.
Medical Journal of Australia, 1-15 Dec. 1986, Vol.145, No.11/12, p.620-625. 100 ref.
Stage fright - Health and safety in the theater
Hazards faced by actors and backstage personnel include falls, falling objects, electric shock, cuts and puncture wounds, burns and exposure to harmful substances in paints, inks, pigments, dyes, solvents, plastics and adhesives, insulation and fireproof textiles (asbestos), makeup, fog, smoke and welding fumes. This book explains the hazards and ways of dealing with them (safety consciousness, housekeeping, marking, personal protective equipment, ventilation). Sources of further information are given.
Center for Occupational Hazards, 5 Beekman Street, New York, NY 10038, USA, 1986. 129p. Illus. Bibl. Index. Price: US$9.95 soft cover; US$16.50 hard cover (shipping charges extra).
Les remontées mécaniques [in French]
This safety guide describes the accident risks of operators and maintenance workers of ski-lift operations, and the appropriate preventive measures. The provisions of French Recommendation R 248 (CIS 85-904) on preventive measures are given with comments. Aspects covered: means of access, moving parts, electricity, human intervention, personal protection, rescue of trapped passengers.
Institut National de Recherche et de Sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1986. 78p. Illus. Bibl.
Landry J.C., Jaccard J., Levantal M.
Symphony orchestra musicians: how much auditory load are they exposed to?
Musiciens d'un grand orchestre: quelle charge sonore ? [in French]
The sound level to which musicians of the Orchestre de la Suisse Romande were exposed was measured during 5 rehearsals and 6 performances. The measurements involved players of 39 different instruments, representing the whole range of the orchestra. The discomfort level expressed by musicians depended on dynamic factors as much as on the absolute sound level they experienced. Sound levels were highest for players of the loudest instruments (brass and percussion). Musicians who expressed the greatest level of discomfort were those who played instruments of relatively low power (such as strings), but who were playing in the immediate vicinity of brass instruments. During a concert, some musicians are exposed to sound levels above the permissible level set by the Swiss National Accident Insurance Board (90±2.5dB(A)). This happens, for example, during the performance of the Flying Dutchman by R. Wagner.
Revue suisse pour l'industrie chimique, 1986, Vol.8, No.4a, p.5057. Illus. 6 ref.
Overuse syndrome of the upper limb in musicians
Report on 379 musicians (about 2/3 of whom were performers) with painful overuse syndrome (RSI), consisting of persistent pain brought on by playing their musical instrument - and, in more serious cases, by other uses of the hands. Medical examination showed that the pain was due to tenderness of muscle groups most used during the playing of music. Treatment mostly involved total avoidance of pain-inducing activities. The prevention of overuse lies in the control of use.
Medical Journal of Australia, 17 Feb. 1986, Vol.144, No.4, p.182-185. 12 ref.
Slabihoudek V., Tománek R., Wagner J.
On the auditory examination of musicians
Příspěvek k vyšetřování sluchu hudebníků [in Czech]
A method for assesing discrimination of short sounds in relation to changes in volume was tested with the aim of detecting simple functional cochlear disorders. Professional musicians are particularly suitable subjects because their trained hearing ensures reliable cooperation. It is expected that the method will be beneficial in the selection of suitable persons for professions involving extensive exposure to sounds, particularly musicians, and in the preventive detection of early hearing damage.
Československá hygiena, Aug. 1985, Vol.30, No.6, p.361-364. 18 ref.
The music clinic
A short survey of strain injuries in musicians, including pianist's cramp, synovitis in classical guitarists and inflammatory problems in all musicians. Rest and drug therapies are outlined.
Lancet, 8 June 1985, Vol.1, No.8441, p.1309-1310. 8 ref.
(Comité technique national des industries des transports et de la manutention, Caisse nationale de l'assurance maladie)
Operation of ski-lifts and similar devices
Exploitation des remontées mécaniques [in French]
Recommendations adopted 14 June 1984. Examination of circumstances under which accidents involving ski-lifts can happen. Preventive measures concern the following means of access: ladders, overhead walkways, outrigger hoist, footrests on support brackets, service platforms, access and exit platforms, service cars. Other measures involve mechanical and electrical hazards: circuit-breakers, engine keys, emergency stop switches, electrical equipment housing. Recommendations are given on personal protection and the display of instructions.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 1st quarter 1985, No.118, Note No.1521-118-85 (Recommendation No.248), p.105-107.
Poisoned by solvents
Løsemiddelforgiftet [in Norwegian]
Description of an accident involving 2 workers who lost consciousness several minutes after having started high-pressure application of a stripping agent on the bottom of a dry swimming pool. They wore sorbent-filter respirators. It appears that high-pressure application causes a much more rapid evaporation of the solvents (methylene chloride, 2-propanol) contained in the stripping agent, the respirator filters thus losing their efficiency within only 2min. In such cases supplied-air respirators should be used.
Arbeidervern, Oct. 1984, No.5, p.8-10. Illus.
Health and Safety Executive
A code of safe practice at fairs
This code consists of 3 booklets. The 1st provides guidelines on the testing, examination, inspection and maintenance of amusement devices at fairs, their safe operation, fire precautions, ammunition and pyrotechnics, training of ride operators and attendants, assembly and dismantling of passenger-carrying amusement devices. The 2nd is a record of daily inspections, and the 3rd is an example of a logbook where all the pertinent information on the technical characteristics of amusement devices is recorded.
Health and Safety Executive Sales Point, 414 St. Hugh's House, Stanley Precinct, Trinity Road, Bootle, Merseyside L20 3QY, United Kingdom, 1984. 57p. Price: £7.00.
This survey of safety measures in amusement parks (including safety for employees) covers: relevant legislation in the United Kingdom; fire safety; safe operation of passenger vehicles; regular maintenance and inspection of equipment; electrical safety; screening of areas where projectiles are thrown or fired; prevention of accidents due to unsafe acts or human or mechanical failure.
Safety Practitioner, Aug. 1984, Vol.2, No.8, p.31-34. 12 ref.
Domont A., Bourasset D., Aerts J., Raix A., Proteau J.
The profession of the film producer: job characteristics, job study, health hazards
Le métier de réalisateur: caractéristiques de la profession, étude de poste, risques pour la santé [in French]
Description of the work of film producers. Health hazards are due to stress, irregular hours of work, frequent journeys and the alternation between unemployment and overwork.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1983, Vol.44, No.5, p.352-354.
Study of a film producer's workplace
Etude du poste de travail d'un réalisateur de film [in French]
This MD thesis examines an extremely poorly known workplace in terms of technical, economic, and individual viewpoints, working conditions, aptitudes and social and occupational prospects. The clinical discussion is supported by information from the occupational physician. The occupation with its great variations in working hours and workplaces involves stress which may exceed the individual's adaptive capacity and lead to secondary diseases, overstrain, and fatigue. The chief element of prevention is to eliminate unnecessary causes of stress.
Université de Paris VI, Faculté de médecine Pitié-Salpétrière, Paris, France, 1983. 75p. 25 réf.
Contribution to the study of the medical and ergonomic aspects of disc-jockey work
Contribution à l'étude des aspects médicaux et ergonomiques du travail de disc-jockey [in French]
This M.D. thesis defines the hazards inherent in a disc jockey's job, which is to control the visual and musical environment of a discotheque. A description of the workplace, tasks, and working conditions (physical environment, physical and mental stress, psychosocial aspects, working hours) is followed by measurements of the noise, lighting and temperature levels in the workplace and the heart rate and state of health of the personnel. Noise is the major source of stress, and it is hard to protect the disc jockey from it. Medical supervision should include a respiratory function test every year, and a determination of serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase at unspecified intervals. Prevention includes informing disc jockeys of the hazards of noise, tobacco and alcohol.
Faculté mixte de médecine et de pharmacie de Rouen, France, 1982. 67p. Illus. 11 ref.
Swimming pools - Electrolysis equipment
Zweminrichtingen - Elektrolyse [in Dutch]
Contents of this data sheet concerning the safety of electrolysis installations which produce chlorine for the disinfection of swimming-pool water: principles of electrolysis (chemical reactions, electrolysis systems); hazards and properties (hydrogen, electrical equipment, calculation of hydrogen quantity, dangerous accumulations of hydrogen); venting of hydrogen; ventilation (natural ventilation, example of calculation, mechanical ventilation); safety engineering (premises, corrosion-proof materials, salt proportioning, electrolysis and control equipment, venting of water filter); electrical equipment (safety, installation, maintenance of cells); safety organisation (instruction of personnel, safety ruels); legal provisions.
Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, 2270MA Voorburg, Netherlands, Feb. 1982. 19p. Illus. Price: Glds.0.50.
Rabinowitz J., Hausler R., Bristow G., Rey P.
Study on the effects of very loud music on musicians in the Orchestre de la Suisse Romande
Etude des effets de la musique de forte intensité chez les musiciens de l'Orchestre de la Suisse Romande [in French]
A study carried out in 1981 on hearing acuity of 110 musicians in this orchestra showed 58 with normal hearing (20dB maximum loss) and 52 with defective hearing (>20dB maximum loss). In 30 cases, other causes (shooting, disease) may explain a part of this hearing loss. In many musicians, very loud music may cause hearing fatigue, headache, nervous tension and subjective disturbances (100 cases). The possible role of certain variables (age, length of musical career, sex, type of instrument played, position in orchestra, auditorium characteristics) in the genesis of hearing loss or subjective disturbances is studied. Consideration of hearing protection measures covering organisation of rehearsals, acoustics of concert halls and opera orchestra pits, space provision for each musician, information and education of young musicians on this subject during their conservatory studies. Each musician should undergo audiometry every 3-4 year.
Médecine et hygiène, May 1982, Vol.40, No.1471, p.1-9. 18 ref.
Occupational skin disease in a film laboratory
Yrkeshudsjukdomar vid ett filmlaboratorium [in Swedish]
Study carried out in a film developing laboratory employing 114 people of whom 43 had skin disorders. Contents of the report: description of photographic chemicals used (CD-2, CD-3, ethylenediamine, formaldehyde, hydroquinone, potassium dichromate, etc.); handling of chemicals in the mixing, developing and analysis departments, and in the workshop; questionnaire survey, preliminary diagnosis, patch testing, examination of protective gloves and allergy tests on guinea pigs. CD-2, CD-3, methol and PBA-1 (persulfate bleach accelerator) caused allergic contact dermatitis in 12 cases. The colour developers CD-2 and CD-3 gave rise to lichenoid reactions in 2 cases. Proposals are made regarding preventive measures.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, 17184 Solna, Sweden, 1981. 58p. 39 ref.
FISTAV handbook of film laboratory chemicals and recommended safeguards
This collection of data sheets provides information on 38 chemicals and process solutions used for cleaning, wet printing, film rejuvenation, stripping and film protection. Sections include: physical characteristics; permissible exposure limit; fire and explosion dangers; disposal; storage; packaging; prevention of physical contact; medical data; safety information.
FISTAV, 14-16 rue des Lilas, 75019 Paris, France, 1980. 79p. 45 ref.
Tennstedt D., Cromphaut P., Dooms-Goossens A., Lachapelle J.M.
Dermatoses of the neck affecting violin and viola players ("fiddler's neck" and contact dermatitis).
Two cases of skin lesions of the neck in violinists, in the angle under the left side of the jaw where the violin leans against the skin, are reported. One was a case of contact dermatitis due to the nickel part of the chin rest; in the other a cyst had formed in an area of lichenification and hyperplasia. Local lichenification on the left side of the neck is the chief symptom of the condition. Other skin manifestations appear in this area.
Dermatosen in Beruf und Umwelt, 1979, Vol.27, No.6, p.165-169. Illus. 10 ref.
Swimming pools - Storage and use of sodium hypochlorite, hypochloric acid, sulfuric acid, carbon dioxide
Zweminrichtingen - De opslag en het gebruik van chloorbleekloog, zoutzuur, zwavelzuur, kooldioxyde [in Dutch]
These 4 directives, issued under the Regulations concerning work in swimming pools (CIS 79-2058), contain data on the chemical and physical properties and disinfectant and harmful effects of these substances, indicating safety measures and precautions for handling them and in case of leaks. Instructions for first aid, transport and storage (tanks and their location, ventilation of premises, pipes and fittings, filling storage tanks and marking to identify their contents); monitoring.
Labour Inspectorate, General Directorate of Labour (Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 1979. 13 + 13 + 12 + 16p. Illus. Price: Glds.0.50 each booklet.
Swimming pools - statutory provisions
Zweminrichtingen - Wettelijke bepalingen [in Dutch]
The management and upkeep of public swimming pools involves the use of chemicals for water treatment and disinfection. These directives constitute a compendium of Dutch legislation concerning: grant of licence to operate swimming pools and their water circulation systems; staff safety and health; harmful products used in circulation systems; public safety and health; hours of work; employment of young persons.
Inspectorate of Labour, General Inspectorate of Labour (Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 69, Voorburg, Netherlands, 1979. 15p. Price: Glds.0.50.
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