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Entertainment services and sports - 215 entries found

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CIS 99-155 Heuer W.
The accident prevention rule "Venues of Theatrical Production and Performance" (GUV 6.15)
Unfallverhütungsvorschrift "Veranstaltungs- und Produktionsstätten für szenische Darstellung" (GUV 6.15) [in German]
Topics: comment on directive; entertainment services; film industry; Germany; legislation; protection against falling objects; protection against falls from heights; safety engineering; safety rules; theatres.
Gesundheitsschutz aktuell, 1998, Vol.30, No.1, p.7-11. Illus.

CIS 98-1376 Trout D., Decker J., Mueller C., Bernert J.T., Pirkle J.
Exposure of casino employees to environmental tobacco smoke
Topics: cotinine; nicotine; casinos; determination in air; determination in blood; determination in urine; exposure evaluation; passive smoking; respirable dust.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 1998, Vol.40. No.3, p.270-276. 29 ref.


CIS 00-1573
Health and Safety Executive
Electrical safety for entertainers
Aimed at entertainers, this booklet describes the basic measures to control electrical risks from using sound and lighting equipment. Legal aspects applicable in the United Kingdom summarized. A check-list for verifying the safe condition of portable electrical apparatus is included. Update of CIS 91-1488.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Aug. 1997. 18p. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 98-1268 Gates E.
Fade to black?
Topics: dangerous work; film industry; hazard evaluation; risk factors; subcontractors; television studios; United Kingdom; violence.
Occupational Safety and Health, Nov. 1997, Vol.27, No.11, p.39-42. Illus.

CIS 98-1292
Health and Safety Executive
Fairgrounds and amusement parks
Topics: check lists; data sheet; glossary; hazard evaluation; inspection; itinerant entertainment services; preventive maintenance; safety by design; safety checks; supply of information; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1997. 4p. 1 ref.

CIS 98-892 Gunderson E., Moline J., Catalano P.
Risks of developing noise-induced hearing loss in employees of urban music clubs
Topics: hearing loss; hearing protection; musicians; noise dosimetry; noise level; noise; questionnaire survey; tinnitus; USA; waiters, waitresses and bartenders.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Jan. 1997, Vol.31, No.1, p.75-79. Illus. 20 ref.

CIS 98-332 Brehier M., Robe V.
Contribution to the assessment of the working environment of swimming instructors and lifeguards
Contribution à l'étude des ambiances de travail des maîtres nageurs sauveteurs [in French]
Topics: audiometric tests; conditions of work; data sheet; France; illumination levels; noise dosimetry; noise; swimming pools; temperature measurement; thermal comfort; visual comfort.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1997, Vol.37, No.3, p.301-310. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 97-1924
Health and Safety Executive
Fairgrounds and amusement parks - Guidance on safe practice
This document provides guidance on safe practice for those involved in activities at fairgrounds and amusement parks: designers, manufacturers, installers, importers, suppliers and repairers of fairground equipment; inspection bodies; fair organizers; controllers; operators and attendants. A section on general health and safety management covers risk assessment. Appendices cover relevant legislation, managing the design process, contents of an operations manual, safe use of electrical equipment, fire precautions and gas safety.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. v, 119p. (loose-leaf). Illus. 59 ref. Price: GBP 12.00.

CIS 97-1920
Health and Safety Commission
Local authorities report on health and safety in service industries containing statistics for 1995-96
This report provides summary information on the nature of accidents in service sector premises for the period 1995-1996 and describes the inspection, enforcement and other activities of the Health and Safety Executive/Local Authority Enforcement Liaison Committee (HELA). An annex provides comprehensive information on local authority activity, accident case studies and detailed statistical data.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, June 1997. iii, 10p. Annex 135p.

CIS 97-1677
Health and Safety Executive
Electrical safety at places of entertainment
This guidance note describes the hazards associated with the use of electrical equipment at places of entertainment and provides guidance on: the risks of electric shock; legal requirements; managing electrical safety (assessment and control of risks); and preventing electrical danger in relation to power supplies, power distribution and electrical equipment. A checklist of routine electrical checks for portable apparatus is included. (Replaces CIS 92-615).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., Aug. 1997. 11p. Illus. 11 ref. Price: GBP 6.00.

CIS 97-1715 Marmaras N., Zarboutis N.
Ergonomic redesign of the electric guitar
The activities of three experienced guitarists were analyzed while playing three standard electric guitar models. Characteristics of the guitar associated with fatigue or difficulties in playing were identified by interview, and several ergonomic requirements were derived. A new guitar was designed using ergonomic criteria. The main differences were in the shape of the body, the type and placement of control devices, body-neck angle, and the shape of the guitar head. In a comparative evaluation, the ergonomic scores for the redesigned guitar were better than those for the standard models.
Applied Ergonomics, Feb. 1997, Vol.28, No.1, p.59-67. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 97-1615 McNabb N., Kostiuk J., Brauer M.
Improved ice arena air quality with the use of a three-way catalytic converter and fuel management system
Nitrogen dioxide concentrations in an ice arena were evaluated before and after a three-way catalytic converter and fuel management system were retrofitted to a 7-year old ice resurfacing machine. Air sampling indicated an 87% reduction in airborne nitrogen dioxide concentrations after the retrofit. Carbon monoxide levels were also reduced by 57%. It is recommended that this option be used in conjunction with other measures to minimize indoor air concentrations of combustion exhaust gases.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1997, Vol.58, No.8, p.608-612. 24 ref.

CIS 97-1339 Jackson J.A., Ward T.
Health and Safety Executive
Analysis of acceleration data for containment on fairground rides
This report describes a method for the assessment of amusement ride acceleration data in terms of passenger motion. Data acquisition techniques are described along with ride acceleration data analysis, and prediction of passenger motion and containment system requirements. The analysis methods are demonstrated using data from a log flume type ride.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. 12p. Illus. 1 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.


CIS 97-2067 Kristal-Boneh E., Froom P., Ribak J.
Fatigue among Israeli industrial employees
In this cross-sectional study 3.785 employees of six industrial sectors were examined concerning the factors involving complaints of fatigue The results have shown that workers not performing sport activities at least once a week had an increased prevalence of severe fatigue. The same was observed in those subjects employed in non-temperature-controlled work stations.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1996, Vol.38, No.11, p.1145-1150. Illus. 33 ref.

CIS 97-837 Kross B.C., et al.
Proportionate mortality study of golf course superintendents
A mortality study was carried out among 686 golf course superintendents who died between 1970 and 1992. These workers were exposed to a variety of hazards including pesticides. Results showed a significant excess mortality from smoking-related diseases, including arteriosclerotic heart disease and respiratory diseases such as lung cancer and emphysema. There were also increased levels of brain cancer, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, cancer of the large intestine, prostrate cancer and diseases of the nervous and sensory systems. Preventive strategies such as smoking cessation programmes and precautions for the reduction of pesticide exposure are recommended.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, May 1996, Vol.29, No.5, p.501-506. 43 ref.

CIS 97-532
Health and Safety Executive
Managing crowds safely
This booklet provides guidance on the management of crowd safety at venues including shopping centres, railway and bus stations, sports and exhibition centres, and large scale outdoor events. Contents: legal requirements; risk assessment; planning action to tackle risks (staffing levels and command structure, staff training, communications, control rooms); crowd control (access and egress, route design, crowd monitoring); emergency planning and procedures. In appendix: venue design.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1996. 47p. Illus. 8 ref. Price: GBP 9.95.

CIS 97-679 Harris L.R.
Horn playing and blood pressure
The blood pressure of 37 horn players was measured both at rest and while playing a scale. There was no correlation between the frequency of the notes played and blood pressure. While this study does not address the long-term effects of horn-playing or the effect of performance stress on blood pressure, it does offer reassurance that, for most individuals, blood pressures do not rise while simply playing.
Lancet, 12 Oct. 1996, Vol.348, No.9033, p.1042. 2 ref.

CIS 97-544 Bergman T.A., Johnson D.L., Boatright D.T., Smallwood K.G., Rando R.J.
Occupational exposure of nonsmoking nightclub musicians to environmental smoke
Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in three nightclubs was assessed using total suspended particulate (TSP), the ultraviolet absorbing fraction of TSP (UVPM), gaseous nicotine, saliva nicotine, saliva cotinine, and perceived smokiness as exposure/dose indicators. Measured exposures were as high as, or higher than, those of other occupational groups studied, including bartenders and waitresses. UVPM levels were associated with gaseous and saliva nicotine concentrations. Correlation of TSP with UVPM and with gaseous and saliva nicotine was poor, suggesting that TSP should not be used as the sole indicator of ETS exposure. Saliva nicotine did not appear to be a reliable indicator of absorbed dose.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1996, Vol.57, No.8, p.746-752. 27 ref.

CIS 97-282
Health and Safety Executive
The radiation safety of lasers used for display purposes
This guide provides radiation safety information for employers and employees who use display laser installations, and for manufacturers and suppliers of this equipment. Contents: laser-induced eye damage; supplier requirements (basic safeguards, determination of exposure conditions, hand-over arrangements and documentation, venue considerations); user requirements (operator training and supervision); installation safety assessment (potential hazards, emission evaluation). In appendices: wavelengths of different lasers; maximum permissible exposures.
HSE Books P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1996. iv, 34p. Illus. 14 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 97-281
Health and Safety Executive
Controlling the radiation safety of display laser installations
This leaflet provides general radiation safety information for employers and employees who use display laser installations, and for manufacturers and suppliers of this equipment. High power lasers may cause eye injury or skin burns. Key problems relate to safety assessment of laser beam viewing, and restriction of access to beams identified as hazardous.
HSE Books P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1996. 4p. 9 ref. [in English]

CIS 97-88 Rhodes K.M.
Safety and outdoor activities
Licensing requirements for outdoor activity centres in the United Kingdom under the Activity Centres (Young Persons' Safety) Act 1995 and the Adventure Activities Licensing Regulations 1996 are described. Activities within the scope of the licensing scheme include caving, climbing, trekking and watersports. Inspection of a centre prior to licensing focuses on how safety is managed, risk assessments, and implementation of control measures. Enforcement measures and required competences of staff employed at the centres are outlined.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Nov. 1996, Vol.14, No.11, p.60-62. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 96-2149
Health and Safety Executive
Working with animals in entertainment
This data sheet provides advice for production activities involving animals on stage, in a studio or on location. Potential hazards are identified (bites, stings, kicking or crushing, infection, allergy, exposure to harmful veterinary products), legal requirements for risk assessment are outlined and basic precautionary measures are suggested.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, June 1996. 2p. 3 ref.

CIS 96-2148
Health and Safety Executive
Smoke and vapour effects used in entertainment
This data sheet provides advice on the safe use of smoke and vapour effects which use dry ice, oil mist, glycol or mineral oil smoke, or pyrotechnic smoke effects. Contents: potential hazards (freeze burns, skin irritation, asphyxiation, obscuring visibility); compliance with exposure standards; risk assessment; preventing and controlling exposure; use of personal protection; minimizing risks to the audience.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, June 1996. 2p. 6 ref.

CIS 96-2147
Health and Safety Executive
Violence to workers in broadcasting
This data sheet provides guidance on dealing with violent or aggressive behaviour for workers in broadcasting. Contents: potential hazards during broadcasting or filming; risk assessment; precautionary measures during public disorders or civil disturbance; dealing with a violent confrontation; the consequences of violence and the need for counselling and stress management; reporting violent incidents.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, June 1996. 2p. 1 ref.

CIS 96-2146
Health and Safety Executive
Safety in broadcasting sports events
This data sheet gives general guidance for broadcasting activities at sports grounds. The advice is directed at pitch-side filming and events with high-level commentary boxes or observation platforms within a stadium complex. Contents: hazards and risk assessment; precautionary measures for access and egress routes, fire hazards, working at heights, crowd violence, use of pitch-side cameras and noise.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, June 1996. 2p. 3 ref.

CIS 96-1357
Health and Safety Commission
Guidance to the licensing authority on the Adventure Activities Licensing Regulations 1996
This guide outlines the aim of the adventure activities licensing scheme and the role of the licensing authority. Guidance is given on the safety standards the licensing authority should adopt when deciding whether a provider has met the safety requirements for granting a licence, and on the approach the authority should adopt in its dealings with providers and the public. Appendices cover who needs a licence, and technical competence requirements for providers of caving, climbing, trekking and watersport activities. The text of the Adventure Activities Licensing Regulations 1996 is included.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iv, 40p. 9 ref. Price: GBP 9.00.

CIS 96-708
Health and Safety Executive
A report into safety at outdoor activity centres
This report presents the results of a programme of visits to 311 outdoor activity centres in the United Kingdom. Findings are discussed in relation to safety policy, risk assessments, instructor qualifications and training, maintenance of equipment, emergency procedures, accident reporting, and monitoring of safety standards. Overall, safety was well managed and legal requirements were met by most outdoor activity providers. At follow-up visits, providers were found to have taken required remedial actions. The proposed licensing scheme for certain activities should further improve safety standards in this sector.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. vi, 38p. Illus. 18 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.


CIS 97-924 Héry M., et al.
Exposure to chloramines in the atmosphere of indoor swimming pools
Specific sampling and analytical methods were developed to assess the concentration of chloramines in the atmosphere of indoor swimming pools because swimming instructors had complained of irritation (mainly eye and lung). The chloramine concentration in the atmosphere of 13 swimming pools (including five recreational centres and one re-education centre) was measured, showing that the concentrations were higher in the recreational centres. The influence of slides, bubbling baths, waves and other activities were demonstrated. A correlation was made between the level of pollutants and the complaints registered.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Aug. 1995, Vol.39, No.4, p.427-439. Illus. 13 ref.

CIS 96-1341 Pearce A., Patterson C., Farr T., Wilks J.
A safety audit of work practices on Queensland golf courses
A safety audit of 152 golf courses in Queensland, Australia revealed workplace hazards similar to those in the farming industry. Less than half of the tractors currently in use were fitted with rollover protective structures. Only 4% of courses held material safety data sheets for chemicals stored on the premises. While the majority of courses provided personal protective equipment for their staff, very few supplied sun protection materials. Improvement notices or warnings were issued by inspectors to 86 courses mainly in relation to guarding of machinery, electrical testing and tagging, and chemical storage.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Feb. 1995, Vol.11, No.1, p.67-73. 21 ref.

CIS 96-717
Health and Safety Executive, Joint Advisory Committee for Broadcasting and the Performing Arts
Facts for freelances: Health and safety in broadcasting and the performing arts
This leaflet provides guidance on accident prevention in broadcasting and the performing arts where much of the work is done by freelance personnel. Contents: basic safety and health guidelines; risk assessment; legal duties of employers, the self-employed, suppliers and others; responsibilities of freelances; safety checklist.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Jan. 1995. 19p. 10 ref.

CIS 96-688 Jarzuel Y., Hagau S.
Sale of tickets for shows - The success of a specialized team
La vente de billets de spectacles - La réussite d'une équipe de spécialistes [in French]
The purpose of this study was to analyze the work performed by ticket sellers in the entertainment industry in order to better understand the characteristics of the job and to find ways to reduce the increasingly heavy workload involved. Ticket selling is a complex job, requiring a thorough knowledge of constantly changing information about cultural, organizational and administrative matters. The emotional involvement of staff in the job is high, with actual selling taking up less time than the provision of advice and information and the performance of preparatory activities. Calls by telephone and MINITEL (French on-line service using the telephone network) contribute to the heavy workload by constant interruptions of regular work, particularly during rush periods. The increasing demands of this kind of work, in both quantitative and qualitative terms, tire the staff and reduce the quality of service they can provide.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1995, No.4, p.469-480. Illus.

CIS 95-2176 Färm G., Karlberg A.T., Lidén C.
Are opera-house artistes afflicted with contact allergy to colophony and cosmetics?
The frequency of cosmetics intolerance and contact allergy to colophony was investigated among 116 singers and dancers and 16 make-up artists. Individuals were interviewed, examined and patch tested with a standard series and with materials from the opera house. Common skin lesions were found in one third of participants and more than 50% had a history of intolerance to cosmetics. Colophony gave positive patch test reactions in only 3 subjects. The prevalence of positive patch test reactions to fragrance mix and Peru balsam was about the same as among dermatitis patients generally. Contact allergy to colophony did not seem to be a problem regarding cosmetics.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1995, Vol.32, No.5, p.273-280. 30 ref.

CIS 95-1710
Health and Safety Commission
Local authorities report on health and safety in the service industries
This report provides summary information on the nature of accidents in service sector premises for the period 1993-1994 and details of local authorities' enforcement action. A total of 25,865 injuries were reported, including 5,695 major injuries and 51 fatalities. The highest rates of major injury occurred in the recreational industry and wholesale sector. Slips and falls accounted for over 40% of all injuries; handling, lifting and carrying accounted for 36% of over-3-day injuries. The work of the Health and Safety Executive/Local Authority Enforcement Liaison Committee (HELA) for the same period is reviewed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. 7p.

CIS 95-1358 Arcier A.F.
Proceedings of the First International Symposium of Arts Medicine
Actes des Premières Rencontres Internationales de Médecine des Arts [in French]
This special issue reproduces the papers presented at the First International Symposium on Medicine of the Performing Arts on hand diseases among musicians, organized at Montpellier (France), 25-26 Nov. 1994. Main contents: various aspects of the diseases of the hand and of the upper limb among musicians; treatment of the pathologies of the musician: organization in the US; the musician's hand; ergonomic study of occupational postures of musicians; is distal interphalangian ankylosis a handicap among aging musicians? Surgical treatment of the hand among musicians; amputation, music and prothesis; stage fright; dystonia among instrument musicians; study of 2 cases of dystonia and proposal for a rehabilitation schedule; cramps among musicians: therapy by botulin toxin; role of postural assessment in the treatment and prevention of hand pathologies among musicians; epidemiologic study of string players; specificity of the hand position in harp playing; piano technique; prevention of hand disease among musicians; hands of famous musicians (Liszt, Paganini, Schumann, Rachmaninoff).
Médecine des Arts, Sep. 1995, No.12-13, 75p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Special issue.

CIS 95-1482
Health and Safety Executive
Working together on firework displays - A guide to safety for firework display organisers and operators
This guide gives advice on safety for outdoor firework displays operated by a competent display operator with specialized knowledge or training. Contents: display organization; selecting a display operator; site selection and layout; contact with the police, the fire service, the local authority and other local groups; provision of site facilities; care of fireworks before the display; crowd safety; emergency plans; safety of bonfires; setting up and firing the fireworks; clearing up after the display; legal requirements.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. iii, 28p. Illus. 7 ref. Price: GBP 8.95.

CIS 95-1481
Health and Safety Executive
Giving your own firework display - How to run and fire it safely
The advice in this guide covers firework displays where the organizers set off the fireworks themselves and have no specialist knowledge. Contents: categories of fireworks for sale to the general public; organization of the display; site selection and layout; contact with the police, the fire service, the local authority and other local groups; provision of site facilities; care of fireworks before the display; crowd safety; emergency plans; safety of bonfires; setting up the fireworks; firing the display; clearing up after the display; legal requirements.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. v, 34p. Illus. Price: GBP 5.75.


CIS 99-1305 Freixa Blanxart A.
Chlorine exposure in indoor swimming pools
Exposición a cloro en piscinas cubiertas [in Spanish]
Topics: chlorine; chlorine and compounds; data sheet; irritation; permissible levels; public water supply; respiratory diseases; Spain; swimming pools.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/ Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1994. 4p. 8 ref.

CIS 99-1336 Control of noise in the music entertainment industry - A code of practice
Topics: Australia; directive; entertainment services; exposure evaluation; noise control; noise level; noise measurement; sound absorption; Western Australia.
WorkSafe Western Australia Commission, Westcentre, 1260 Hay Street, West Perth, WA 6005, Australia, May 1994. 38p. Illus. Price: AUD 3.00.

CIS 95-1141 Jalbert M., Flores J.L., Isnard E., Romazini S., De Gaudemaris R.
Evaluation of cardiovascular strain in ski-lift and chair-lift workers
Evaluation de l'astreinte cardio-vasculaire des employés de remontées mécaniques [in French]
This study was designed to measure the cardiovascular strain experienced by ski-lift and chair-lift workers and to evaluate the cardiac consequences of such work. Levels of ambulatory blood pressure during 24h recordings were significantly higher that those of a reference population while basal heart rate was significantly lower at night. The average physical performance on ergometric bicycles was about 180 watts at a submaximal (85%) heart rate. Left ventricular mass indices measured by echocardiography were higher than predicted values. Thus, the cardio-vascular system experiences very sudden and high strains during this type of work requiring subjects to be in excellent health conditions and physically fit.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, 1994, Vol.55, No.8, p.603-612. Illus. 45 ref.

CIS 95-660 Héry M., Hecht G., Gerber J.M., Gendre J.C., Hubert G., Blachère V., Rebuffaud J., Dorotte M.
Chloramine exposure in indoor swimming pool air
Exposition aux chloramines dans les atmosphères des halls de piscine [in French]
Atmospheric concentrations of chloramines, aldehydes, phenol and haloforms were measured in 13 indoor swimming pools (seven ordinary pools, five leisure centres and one pool in a health care centre). Most of the pollution recorded is due to chloramines, particularly nitrogen trichloride. The effects of water temperature, number of users, water turbulence and ventilation are demonstrated. On the basis of the measurements taken and a survey among pool supervisors (lifeguards), a "comfort" limit value for nitrogen trichloride is proposed.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 1994, No.156, Note No.1963-156-94, p.285-292. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 94-1961
Health and Safety Executive
Health and safety in golf course management and maintenance
This guide describes the main risks found at golf courses along with measures to safeguard the health and safety of employees and visitors. Contents: management of health and safety (responsibility of the club, training and competence, reporting accidents and incidents); working environment (the course, the golf professional's premises, manual handling, personal protective equipment, electrical safety); machinery (tractors, mowers and other agricultural equipment, power take-off); occupational health (hazardous substances, use of pesticides, noise and vibration). Appendices cover legislation and guidance on course design.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury CO10 6FS, Suffolk, United Kingdom, 1994. 59p. Illus. 41 ref. Price: GBP 9.50.

CIS 94-1717 Palin S.L.
Does classical music damage the hearing of musicians? A review of the literature
The published literature investigating possible hearing damage among classical musicians presents conflicting conclusions. While the design of many of the studies is poor, the overall opinion seems to be that noise-induced hearing loss does occur. Since it is clearly impossible to ask musicians to play more quietly (the equivalent of reducing noise levels in industry), careful planning of orchestras' repertoires might be the best general solution to reducing sound level exposures. Local sound levels may be reduced by improved orchestra layout and use of screens. Earplugs which cause less sound attenuation are also now available.
Occupational Medicine, July 1994, Vol.44, No.3, p.130-136. 18 ref.


CIS 95-2279 Riel K.A., Bernett P.
Dance-specific injuries and overuse syndrome
Tanz-typische Verletzungen und überlastungssyndrome [in German]
Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin, 1993, Vol.44, No.7, p.284-286, 288-290. Illus. 23 ref. ###

CIS 95-1905 Larsson L.G., Baum J., Mudholkar G.S., Kollia G.D.
Benefits and disadvantages of joint hypermobility among musicians
Musicians (n=660) were interviewed concerning work-related symptoms such as joint pain and swelling and examined for joint hypermobility. The relation between the mobility of their fingers, thumbs, elbows, knees, and spine and any symptoms referable to these regions were studied. Five of the 96 musicians (5%) with hypermobility of the wrists had pain and stiffness in this region, whereas 100 of the 564 musicians (18%) without such hypermobility had symptoms (p=0.001). Hypermobility of the elbow was associated with symptoms in only one of 208 musicians, whereas seven of 452 (2%) without this hypermobility had symptoms (p=0.45). Among 132 musicians who had hypermobile knees, six (5%) had symptoms, whereas only one of 528 with normal knees had symptoms (p<0.001). Of the 462 musicians who had normal mobility of the spine, 50 (11%) had symptoms involving the back, as compared with 46 of the 198 musicians (23%) who had hypermobility of the spine (p<0.001).
New England Journal of Medicine, Oct. 1993, Vol.329, No.15, p.1079-1082. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 94-600
Health and Safety Executive
Health and safety in horse riding establishments
Contents of this guidance booklet: legal duties; management of health and safety; health and safety training; manual handling; notification of accidents and incidents and provision of first aid; assessing and controlling hazards associated with harmful substances, dust, zoonoses and tetanus; precautions during veterinary treatment; environment and welfare; inspection and maintenance of tack; riding and road safety (protective equipment); electrical safety; safe use of machinery. Appendices include: horse behaviour; self-audit checklist; advice on safety policy statement; sample reporting forms for injuries and diseases.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury CO10 6FS, Suffolk, United Kingdom, 1993. iv, 76p. Illus. 49 ref. Price: GBP 8.50.


CIS 94-230 XIVth France - Switzerland Symposium of Occupational Medicine (6 and 7 June 1991 sittings)
XIVes Journées Franco-Suisses de Médecine du travail - Séances des 6 et 7 juin 1991 [in French]
Subject of the main papers presented at the XIVth Swiss-French Symposium of Occupational Medicine (6-7 June 1991): fatal poisoning by freon 113; hygiene safety and working conditions in road work; study of various types of construction sites and work stations; role of the occupational physician in health education for early breast-cancer screening; occupational asthma and airflow measurements; contribution of computer science to the definition of indices useful for diagnosis; back-pain, depressive symptoms and occupation; risks associated with the use of laser, safety rules, etc.; survey of risk factors for occupational diseases in the canton of Vaud (Switzerland); study of the physical workload of stretcher-bearers through heart rate measurement; use of epoxy resins in the construction industry; overuse syndrome in cello players; heart condition and exposure to fluorochlorinated solvents; hearing tests in a wire drawing plant; quartz dust exposure among stonecutters.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1992, Vol.53, No.3, p.200-226. Illus.

CIS 93-1245 Tripartite Meeting on Conditions of Employment and Work of Performers - Final Report
Réunion tripartite sur les conditions d'emploi et de travail des artistes interprètes - Rapport final [in French]
Final report of the Tripartite Meeting on Conditions of Employment and Work of Performers organised by the International Labour Office in Geneva, Switzerland, from 5 to 13 May 1992. Contents: employment and unemployment; labour relations and determination of conditions of employment; working time and remuneration; performers' rights as regards the uses of their performances; social security and problems associated with fluctuating earnings; health, safety and working environment.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1992. 47p. Annex. Price: CHF 15.00.

CIS 93-1345 Mirbod S.M., Inaba R., Yoshida H., Nagata C., Komura Y., Iwata H.
Noise exposure level while operating electronic arcade games as a leisure time activity
Noise measurements were made in 3 selected electronic arcade game centres and 192 samples were taken in each location. The background noise was 61dB(A) and 64dB(C). When the electronic games were operating noise levels reached 88-90dB(A). Third octave bands analysis of sound pressure levels showed the most intense noise levels between 0.5 and 2.0kHz. These levels cause a 4-8dB temporary threshold shift at 4.0kHz in an individual with less than one hour of exposure. For the employees of the 3 game centers, the 8-hr equivalent continuous sound levels were in the range of 80.3-87.5dB(A), although their exposure time could not be exactly determined. Maximum noise levels should be limited to a reasonable level, either by the manufacturing or by the game centre owners. Education programmes in industry should inform employees about other factors outside the work that may affect their hearing; and for policy-making on hearing conservation, recreational warnings and standards should be established.
Industrial Health, 1992, Vol.30, No.2, p.65-76. 34 ref.

CIS 92-1604
Health and Safety Executive
Fairgrounds and amusement parks - A code of safe practice
Contents of this code of safe practice: design, manufacture, supply and modification of amusement devices; siting and location; assembling and dismantling passenger carrying amusement devices; testing, examination, inspection and maintenance of amusement devices; safe operation of amusement devices and training of ride operators and attendants; passenger safety; safe operations of shooting galleries and storage of ammunition and pyrotechnics; safe installation, use and maintenance of electrical equipment; gas safety; fire precautions. Appendices cover legal obligations, shock and burn risk from the use of electricity, and choice of portable extinguishers.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 45p. Illus. 37 ref. Price: GBP 4.50.

CIS 92-1750
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften
Guidelines for amusement arcades, casinos and slot machine halls
Richtlinien für Spielhallen, Spielcasinos und Automatensäle von Spielbanken [in German]
These guidelines (applicable from 1 Apr. 1992) are intended to reduce the risk that employees of amusement or gambling establishments will be harmed by robbery. They complement 9 cited laws, ordinances, directives and standards. The provisions cover the layout of the premises, equipment (locks, secure enclosures, alarms, etc.) and security-conscious operation.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Luxemburger Strasse 449, D-W-5000 Köln 41, Germany, Apr. 1992. 16p. Illus. Price: DEM 2.50.

CIS 92-497 Conditions of employment and work of performers
Conditions d'emploi et de travail des artistes interprètes [in French]
A report prepared by the International Labour Office (ILO) as a basis for discussion at a Tripartite Meeting (5-13 May 1992). Topics covered include employment and unemployment, working time and earnings, performers' rights, social security and health, safety and the working environment. The latter covers occupational risks, recognised occupational diseases, inspection of workplaces, protection of freelance performers under occupational safety and health legislation, and participation of performers and their representatives in occupational safety and health matters.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1992. iv, 99p. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 17.50.

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