Teaching and educational institutions - 239 entries found
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Reynolds P., Elkin E.P., Layefsky M.E., Lee G.M.
Cancer in California school employees, 1988-1992
Periodic concerns about excesses of cancer among teachers in California schools prompted our examination of cancer incidence in California school employees. Records of school employees between 1987-1992 were linked to the California Cancer Registry of incident cases diagnosed 1988-1992. Sex-, race- and age-adjusted standardized incidence ratios were calculated for specific cancer sites. Analyses stratified by sex, race/ethnicity and job assignment were also performed. Melanoma of the skin, thyroid cancer, prostate cancer and female cancers of the breast, uterus and ovary all occurred more frequently than expected in these school employees. In contrast, cancers of the respiratory system, oral cavity, digestive system, urinary system and uterine cervix occurred less frequently. The incidence of cancers thought to be related to hormones and/or higher socioeconomic status appeared elevated while cancers often linked to smoking and/or alcohol intake occurred less frequently in this large cohort of professional school employees.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 1999, Vol.36, No.2, p.271-278. 32 ref.
Jones M.C., Johnston D.W.
The derivation of a brief Student Nurse Stress Index
A number of items from the Beck and Srivastava Stress Inventory and some new additional items were analysed in answers from 235 first-year student nurses. Four factors - academic load, clinical concerns, personal problems and interface worries - produced a psychometric solution validated in an additional sample of 188 subjects.
Work and Stress, Apr.-June 1999, Vol.13, No.2, p.162-181. Illus. 47 ref.
Salvione M., Perticaroli S., Roseo G.
Evaluation of the quality of occupational safety and health training
La valutazione della qualità degli interventi formativi in materia di sicurezza e salute sul lavoro [in Italian]
Special issue of the Italian Occupational Prevention and Safety Institute dealing with all quality aspects of training in prevention and safety: definitions, concepts and methods, professional education schemes, adult education, models for quality evaluation, measurements and dimensions of quality, relevance to the client, professionalism, social and economic components, organizational quality, professional impact and yield. Audit forms and check-lists for the evaluation are included.
Fogli d'informazione ISPESL, 1998, Vol.11, No.2, supplement, 200p. Illus. 53 ref.
Safety and health in the school
Sikkerhed og sundhed i skolen [in Danish]
Training booklet on safety and health in schools, aimed at administrators, teachers and students. Important topics covered: science laboratories; computer terminals; school buildings.
Arbejdstilsynet, Landskronagade 33, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1998. 32p. Illus. Index.
Albarrán Rueda I., Araujo García C., Bennassar Alemany B.J., Llacuna Morera J., Navajas Líndez M., Cañada Clé J., Díaz Olivares I., Puebla Hernanz M.A., Soriano Serrano M., Millán Villanueva A.J., Moreno Hurtado J.J.
Occupational safety and health as a subject of teaching - Guide for primary school teachers
La seguridad y la salud en el trabajo como materia de enseñanza transversal - Guía para el profesorado de enseñanza primaria [in Spanish]
Topics: educational institutions; safety consciousness; safety training in schools; Spain; teaching; training manuals; training material.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 149p. Illus. 47 ref.
Baker P., Inskip H., Coggon D.
Health and Safety Executive
Leukaemia in teachers
This review was carried out at the request of the UK Health and Safety Executive. It was stimulated by observations of high mortality from leukaemia and related disorders among teachers in a national analysis of occupational mortality for England and Wales during 1979-80 and 1982-90, and the suggestion of elevated mortality from leukaemia among teaching professionals in a similar analysis for an earlier period. The aim was to assess systematically the epidemiological evidence for an increased incidence of haematopoietic cancer in teachers, and to explore the most likely explanation for the elevation of mortality recorded in the national statistics. Topics: educational institutions; epidemiologic study; haemic and lymphatic diseases; infectious diseases; leukaemia; literature survey; risk factors; teaching; United Kingdom; virus diseases.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. iii, 64p. Illus. 62 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.
Cooley J.D., Wong W.C., Jumper C.A., Straus D.C.
Correlation between the prevalence of certain fungi and sick building syndrome
Indoor and outdoor air samples and surface samples were collected at 48 US schools in which there had been concerns about health and indoor air quality. Five fungal genera were consistently found in the outdoor air and comprised over 95% of the outdoor fungi. In more than half of the schools, there were higher concentrations of propagules of Penicillium species in the air samples from complaint areas compared with outdoor air samples and indoor air samples from non-complaint areas. Stachybotrys was isolated from swab samples in 11 schools. Propagules of Penicillium and Stachybotrys species may be associated with sick building syndrome. Topics: air-conditioned premises; allergies; determination in air; educational institutions; fungi; Penicillium moulds; respiratory diseases; sick building syndrome.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.55, No.9, p.579-584. Illus. 39 ref.
Child labour - An information kit for teachers, educators and their organization
Topics: child labour; ILO; safety and health propaganda; safety posters; safety training in schools; teaching; training course; training material.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1998. Information pack containing 2 books (54p., 28p. Illus.); 4 booklets (10p., 34p., 14p., 18p. Illus.); 1 game; 4 posters; 1 videotape (length: 54min).
Battevi N., Menoni O., Vimercati C.
The occurrence of musculoskeletal alterations in worker populations not exposed to repetitive tasks of the upper limbs
749 workers performing tasks not at risk for work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limbs underwent a clinical examination using a standardized method. There was a very low prevalence of these diseases, particularly in the younger age range. The observed age-related increase in prevalence is in agreement with evidence in the literature and is confirmed as being an important confounding factor in these studies. It is recommended that even minimal prevalences detected in particular work environments should not be underestimated. Topics: age-linked differences; educational institutions; epicondylitis; epidemiologic study; frequency rates; musculoskeletal diseases; police forces; repetitive strain injury; sex-linked differences; tendinitis; upper extremity disorders.
Ergonomics, Sep. 1998, Vol.41, No.9, p.1340-1346. 4 ref.
Kumagai S., Samukawa S., Nishimura H.
Dust exposure level of a primary school teacher
Summary in English. Topics: airborne dust; calcium carbonate; calcium sulfate dihydrate; determination in air; educational institutions; exposure evaluation; particle size; respirable dust.
Journal of Science of Labour - Rōdō Kagaku, Apr. 1998, Vol.74, No. 4, p.156-161. Illus. 7 ref.
Safety in schools
Topics: educational institutions; risk awareness; role of management; safety consciousness; safety training in schools.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Apr. 1998, Vol.16, No.4, p.22-24. 6 ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Education Service Advisory Committee
Health and safety guidance for school governors and members of school boards
Topics: educational institutions; hazard evaluation; legislation; responsibilities; role of management; safety and health organization; United Kingdom; workers participation.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., Apr. 1998. iii, 13p. 17 ref. Price: GBP 5.95.
Health and Safety Commission
Managing work-related stress: A guide for managers and teachers in school
Topics: educational institutions; human behaviour; human relations; information of personnel; mental stress; mental workload; role of management; stress factors; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1998. iv, 20p. 13 ref. Price: GBP 6.95.
Health and safety guide for school workers
Guide santé sécurité des travailleurs scolaires [in French]
Topics: biological hazards; Canada; educational institutions; ergonomics; extreme temperatures; legislation; maintenance; materials handling; outdoor work; personal protective equipment; safe working methods; safety guides; sports and recreation; tools and work holding devices; training manuals; training material.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1997. 140p. Illus. Price: CAD 10.00 (Canada); USD 10.00 (elsewhere).
Machado da Rosa N.
Aspects of occupational health in a cohort of school employees
Aspectos de saúde ocupacional de uma população de trabalhadores de colégios [in Portuguese]
Topics: amblyopia; circulatory disorders; dysphonia; educational institutions; hazard evaluation; health hazards; hearing disorders; joint diseases; mental stress; neuropsychic stress; questionnaire survey; repetitive strain injury; sex-linked differences.
Revista CIPA, June 1997, Vol.18, No.211, p.106-113. Illus.
Guyomard A., Gauterand D., Longueville J.M.
Study of the mental workload of educators
Etude de la charge mentale des éducateurs [in French]
Topics: conditions of work; educational institutions; France; mental stress; mental workload; questionnaire survey; stress evaluation.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1997 No.2, p.165-171. 8 ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Education Service Advisory Committee
Violence in the education sector
Topics: educational institutions; hazard evaluation; high-risk groups; human factors; information of personnel; notification of occupational accidents; role of management; United Kingdom; violence.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk, CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., Oct. 1997. iii, 23p. 15 ref. Price: GBP 6.95.
Greenglass E.R., Burke R.J., Konarski R.
The impact of social support on the development of burnout in teachers: Examination of a model
Topics: Canada; educational institutions; human relations; job dissatisfaction; mental stress; questionnaire survey; social aspects; stress factors; teaching.
Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1997, Vol.11, No.3, p.267-278. 57 ref.
An attribution model of teachers' occupational stress and job satisfaction in a large educational system
Report of a study on the occupational stress and job satisfaction of teachers in the State of New South Wales, Australia, conducted through questionnaires distributed to 109 schools of various types. Stress attributable to student misbehaviour was associated with immature self-defence styles. Teachers satisfied with their occupation attributed greater responsibility for stress to self than did dissatisfied ones.
Work and Stress, Jan.-Mar. 1997, Vol.11, No.1, p.17-32. 48 ref.
School workers' health and safety guide
This guide is the English version of a document whose French-language version has already been analysed (see CIS 99-762). It is aimed at workers, supervisors, teachers, principals, school board officials and safety and health committee members in schools and other educational establishments. Its objective is to enable persons working in schools and other educational establishments to recognize workplace hazards, prevent accidents and injuries by safe work practices and use of personal protective equipment, deal with accidents and emergencies and understand their duties and rights under occupational safety and health legislation. A list of addresses of government departments in Canada that can be contacted for additional information is also included.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1996. vi, 130p. Illus. Price: CAD 10.00 (Canada); USD 10.00 (elsewhere).
Åhman M., Holmström M., Cynkier I., Söderman E.
Work related impairment of nasal function in Swedish woodwork teachers
To study the relation between exposure and nasal function, 39 selected woodworking teachers employed full time and 32 control subjects (other school personnel) were examined at the beginning and at the end of a working week with symptom rating, nose and throat inspection, rhinomanometry, nasal mucociliary clearance test and a smell identification test. Dust and terpene concentrations were measured in all 39 schools. Compared with controls, the woodworking teachers had more nasal symptoms and worse mucociliary clearance as the week progressed, especially among those working in rooms without mechanical ventilation. A small impairment of olfactory function was also found, but their rhinomanometric values did not change significantly. Nasal symptoms correlated weakly with the percentage of respirable dust in the total dust. Dust concentrations were found to be below the Swedish threshold limit value of 2mg/m3.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1996, Vol.53, No.2, p.112-117. 26 ref.
Vogt R., Lorenz W., Bahadir M., Hopf H., Braunschweig T.
Formation of dioxins and related harmful substances during chemical experiments
Die Bildung von Dioxinen und verwandten Schadstoffen im chemischen Praktikum [in German]
Topics: chemical reactions; determination in air; determination of concentration; dioxins; distillation; exposure evaluation; halogenated amines; halogenated phenols; harmful substances; teaching; toxic substances; waste disposal.
CLB - Chemie in Labor und Biotechnik, 1996, Vol.47, No.8, p.362-365. 6 ref.
Llacuna Morera J.
Logical teaching of prevention
La enseñanza lógica de la prevención [in Spanish]
Topics: assessment of knowledge; implementation of control measures; safety and health training; Spain; teaching.
Salud y trabajo, 1996, No.118, p.24-32. Illus. 11 ref.
Profession: Teacher - Job stresses, social conflicts, satisfaction
Beruf: Lehrer/in, Arbeitsbelastungen, Beziehungskonflikte, Zufriedenheit [in German]
This monograph discusses the psychological advantages and the mental stresses that characterize the teaching profession. Among the advantages: high degree of autonomy and variety; the primary duties of teaching (keeping discipline in class, motivating children to learn and think). Among the stresses: refusal of children to behave and perform well, correcting and grading, living up to parental expectations, conflicts with superiors, colleagues, parents, pupils. The book also discusses coping strategies for teachers and causes of job satisfaction such as success with children and social approval of accomplishments.
Beltz Verlag, 69469 Weinheim, Germany, 1996. 248p. Illus. 259 ref. Price: DEM 48.00.
Conditions of work and stress among female and male teachers in schools for retarded children in North Rhine-Westphalia
Arbeitsbedingungen und Arbeitsbeanspruchen von Sonderpädagoginnen und Sonderpädagogen an den Schulen für Erziehungshilfe in Nordrhein-Westfalen [in German]
A questionnaire was developed and given to 420 male and female teachers in schools for retarded children in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The questionnaire covered work organization, job satisfaction, difficulties encountered at work and wellbeing. The results show a high degree of job satisfaction. More than half of the teachers liked their job. More than half said they felt generally tired and exhausted.
Peter Lang GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 1996. viii, 214p. Illus. 276 ref. Price: DEM 65.00.
Peterson M., Wilson J.
Job satisfaction and perceptions of health
A questionnaire survey of 218 university personnel showed that job-satisfaction measures were significantly related to perceptions of health. Satisfactory perceptions of coworkers was the strongest predictor of health perceptions, and the strongest predictor of resistance to illness. Other significant factors were autonomy, the work done on the present job, and pay. Satisfaction with supervision and opportunities for promotion were not predictive of health-perception measures. Implications for enhanced employee health include a greater emphasis on coworker relationships.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.9, p.891-898. 52 ref.
Medig B., Åhman M., Karlberg A.T.
Skin symptoms and contact allergy in woodwork teachers
To estimate the occurrence of skin symptoms and the prevalence of contact allergy to occupational allergens, 84 male woodwork teachers in Sweden were interviewed, clinically examined and patch tested. A high one-year prevalence (19%) of generally mild hand eczema was observed. Contact allergy was diagnosed to several allergens in the working environment, including benzisothiazolin-3-one (a preservative used in paints), nickel, formaldehyde, and colophony. A clear relationship between patch test reactions to colophony and to coniferous woods, especially pine, was found. Exposure to wood dust caused dermatitis in a colophony-sensitized teacher.
Contact Dermatitis, Mar. 1996, Vol.34, No.3, p.185-190. 30 ref.
Craig A., Hancock K.
The influence of a healthy lifestyle program in a work environment: A controlled long-term study
A group of university staff participated in a six-week health education programme designed to teach participants the skills needed to self-manage stress. Physical and psychological health assessments were carried out before the programme, on completion of the programme, and again two years later. Compared to a non-participating control group, the treatment group showed significant improvements immediately following the intervention. However, two years after, differences between the two groups were small. While direct intervention can be of great benefit to the individual in the short term, these benefits tend to disappear over time if contact is not maintained.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Apr. 1996, Vol.12, No.2, p.193-206. Illus. 31 ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Education Service Advisory Committee
Biotechnology: Health and safety in education
This booklet provides guidance on health and safety in biotechnology processes used in education. Contents: controlling risks in biotechnology processes (risk assessment, hierarchy of risk control measures); controlling hazardous substances (health surveillance, training, personal protective equipment); control of biological hazards (categorization of process organisms not involving genetic modification, notification of use, risk assessment and control, use and control of genetically modified microorganisms, microbiological safety cabinets, flexible film isolators; processes involving foodstuffs, scaling-up processes and pilot plant); control of associated chemical hazards; waste disposal.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 26p. 47 ref. Price: GBP 6.95.
Health and Safety Commission
Contractors in schools: Information for head teachers, school governors and bursars
This leaflet provides guidance on health and safety aspects related to the use of contractors in schools. Duties and responsibilities of employers and contractors are outlined along with guidance on selecting the contractor, planning, organizing and controlling the work, contract completion, and the requirements of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 1994 (see CIS 95-13).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Feb. 1996. 10p. 10 ref.
Kumagai S., Tabuchi T., Tainaka H., Miyajima K., Matsunaga I., Kosaka H., Andoh K., Seo A.
Load on the low back of teachers in nursery schools
Topics: backache; bending posture; educational institutions; manual lifting; physical workload; work posture.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1995, Vol.68, p.52-57. Illus. 20 ref.
Tomei F., Persechino B., Proietti M.
Teachers and occupational pathology
Insegnanti e patologia professionale [in Italian]
This review deals with the occupational risk factors of teaching professionals. Among the most frequent recognised disorders of this class of workers the following are mentioned: cardiovascular diseases, osteoarthropathies, stress-related conditions, disorders of the upper respiratory system, visual function disorders and infectious diseases. Microclimate factors present in schools are also reviewed and considered as relevant.
Archivio di Scienze del Lavoro, Jan.-Mar. 1995, Vol.11, No.1, p.41-47. 15 ref.
Training and research
Undervisning og forskning [in Danish]
A systematic summary of publications and documentation regarding working environment factors and the state of workers' health in the Danish training and research sector. Teaching is the major occupation in the sector. The main working environment problems for teachers are indoor climate and psychological stress. Other problems are strain injuries (especially those caused by poor working postures) and irritating noise. For pregnant women, the diseases of childhood encountered in schools and nurseries are a risk as they can endanger the foetus. Other occupations have different problems e.g., cleaning assistance and housekeeping have strain injuries and skin diseases. In laboratory work exposure to chemicals and biological agents is common. Some specialized areas of education have problems not encountered in teaching in general.
Arbejdstilsynet, At-Salg, Landskronagade 33, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1995. 72p. Price: DKK 100.00 + tax.
Ohtsuka Y., Munakata M, Homma Y., Masaki Y., Ohe M, Doi I., Amishima M, Kimura K., Ishikura H., Yoshiki T., Kawakami Y.
Three cases of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia with bullae seen in schoolteachers
Three cases are presented of Japanese school teachers with chronic interstitial pneumonia and multiple bullae throughout the lungs. Analysis of lung mineral contents revealed that the deposition of total dust, inorganic dust, non-silica inorganic dust and calcium was higher than that in four control cases with the same disease; the amount of free silica in one case and alpha-quartz in another were also higher than in the controls. Much of the chalk produced in Japan is still made from gypsum with small amounts of silica and other minerals, in addition to calcium. Findings indicate the deposition of chalk in the lungs of these patients.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 1995, Vol.28, No.3, p.425-435. Illus. 19 ref.
Grant K.A., Habes D.J., Tepper A.L.
Work activities and musculoskeletal complaints among preschool workers
In a questionnaire survey of 18 workers at a child day care facility, 61% of respondents reported back pain/discomfort. Other complaints included neck/shoulder pain (33%), lower extremity pain (33%) and hand/wrist pain (11%). Observation and analysis of work activities indicated that employees spent significant periods of time kneeling, sitting on the floor, squatting or bending at the waist. Employees working with smaller children and who frequently performed lifts and assumed awkward lower extremity postures tended to have more back complaints than those caring for older children. Recommendations are made for work and workplace modification.
Applied Ergonomics, Dec. 1995, Vol.26, No.6, p.405-410. Illus. 16 ref.
Sun W.Q., Héroux P., Clifford T., Sadilek V., Hamade F.
Characterization of the 60-Hz magnetic fields in schools of the Carleton Board of Education
Magnetic field levels in 79 schools in Canada were measured. Average levels were lower than in many other occupational environments; typing rooms exhibited the highest levels. There was a trend for stronger fields in secondary schools than in elementary or intermediate schools. Sources accounting for the largest hot spots were wires in the floor and electric typewriters. Only 6 of the 350 identifiable hot spots were attributable to nearby high voltage power lines. Results show that magnetic fields in schools may be kept at levels below 0.1µT.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Dec. 1995, Vol.56, No.12, p.1215-1224. Illus. 19 ref.
Health and Safety Commission
Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 - Guidance for the education sector
This booklet outlines key requirements of the Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 (see CIS 93-351) as they relate to employers and managers in the education sector. Brief guidance is given on maintenance of the workplace and equipment, the quality of the working environment, floors and traffic routes, prevention of falls and falling objects, arrangement of windows, doors, gates and walls, and provision of welfare facilities.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Dec. 1995. 14p. 20 ref.
Cenova V., Tat'ozov T., Antonova C., Cvetkova M.
"Burn-out" syndrome in personnel at child-care establishments
Razprostranenie na burn-out sindroma pri personal na detski zavedenija [in Bulgarian]
The study covered 180 persons taking care of children at nurseries and Mother-and-Child Homes (MCH). Burnout is a consequence of unsurmounted prolonged occupational stress characterized by a growing sense of professional exhaustion, indifference to the ones under one's care, decreased reliance on one's own professional skills and loss of motivation for work. These symptoms were assessed with the Maslach Burn-Out Inventory. Clearly manifested symptoms were noted in 30% of the subjects. The prevalence was higher in MCHs. Burn-out in attending personnel carries a risk for the general development of children, which increases the need to recognize the problem and define responsibilities for prevention. Summary in English.
Problemi na higienata, 1995, Vol.20, p.90-100. 9 ref.
Dejanov H., Hadžiolova I., Minčeva L.
Chronic occupational stress and cardiovascular risk in schoolteachers
Hroničen profesionalen stres i sărdečno-sădov risk pri učiteli [in Bulgarian]
Changes with age in arterial pressure (AP) and incidence of arterial hypertension (AH), as well as the probability of developing ischaemic heart disease, were compared between 168 school teachers and a control group of 183 women working as office employees, designers, researchers etc. The teachers showed a closer correlation of age to AP level than did controls. Systolic AP increased markedly after 45 years of age, and there was a significant difference between the first and the second halves of the 4th decade. Diastolic AP was also higher in teachers than in controls. Duration of teaching experience was strongly correlated with systolic and diastolic AP. Beyond 40 years of age teachers showed a high incidence of AH (31%). The whole group was at high cardiovascular risk. Summary in English.
Problemi na higienata, 1995, Vol.20, p.81-90. 24 ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Education Service Advisory Committee
Managing health and safety in schools
This document describes the key elements of effective health and safety management systems in schools. It is addressed to school employers, head teachers, other managers and staff. Contents: the need for health and safety management; health and safety policy and the commitment of senior management; organizing for health and safety and the promotion of a positive health and safety culture by means of communication, co-operation, control and competence; planning and implementing and the need for hazard identification and risk assessment; monitoring and review of health and safety arrangements.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. iv, 26p. 24 ref. Price: GBP 5.95.
Act of 8 June 1994 concerning the promotion of safety and health improvements for workers in government administration and public establishments [Luxembourg]
Loi du 8 juin 1994 concernant la promotion de l'amélioration de la sécurité et de la santé des travailleurs au sein des administrations de l'Etat et des établissements publics [Luxembourg] [in French]
Act of 8 June 1994 concerning the application to public service institutions of European Council framework Directive 89/391/EEC of 12 June 1989 (CIS 89-1401) on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work; and amending and completing the Act of 19 March 1988 (CIS 89-2) on safety in government administration and services, in public establishments and in schools. Topics: clerks; consultations; educational institutions; government services; labour inspectors; law; Luxembourg; safety and health committees; safety and health training; safety officers.
Mémorial - Journal officiel du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 1st July 1994, No.55, p.1050-1053.
Some experiences of safety activities in the faculty of engineering of one university
Daigaku kōgakubu ni okeru anzen katsudō no keiken [in Japanese]
The author reviews his experience as chairman of the safety committee set up in the faculty of engineering of Yokohama National University. Safety activities at educational institutions in Japan only began recently. Among such activities are the publication of safety manuals, safety patrols in laboratories and reporting and analysis of accidents. The roles of legislation and of the management of educational institutions in eliminating safety problems are discussed, and some suggestions are made.
Journal of the Japan Society for Safety Engineering - Anzen kōgaku, 1 Aug. 1994, Vol.33, No.4, p.226-228. 2 ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Education Services Advisory Committee
Safety policies in the education sector
This document provides guidance on the preparation and implementation of a safety policy for educational establishments. Its objective is to encourage school administrations, students and staff to be conscious of safety matters in all their activities. Contents: legal requirements for a written safety policy; structure of the policy; statement of general policy; organization for carrying out the policy and allocation of functions to individuals; arrangements for carrying out the functions; monitoring and publicizing the policy. A safety policy checklist is included.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury CO10 6FS, Suffolk, United Kingdom, 1994. v, 9p. 38 ref. Price: GBP 5.00.
Safer alternatives to fire and explosions in classroom demonstrations
Many classroom demonstrations involving fire and explosions have safer alternatives or hazards that can be greatly reduced by using commercially available materials or by using microscale quantities. A number of safer alternatives to fire and explosion demonstrations are described along with recommended safety precautions. The Minimum Safety Guidelines for Chemical Demonstrations as developed by the ACS Division of Chemical Education are listed.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Feb. 1994, Vol.36, No.2, p.149-158. Illus. 13 ref.
The role of dusts in respiratory disease is reviewed and problems associated with the wide range of dusts found in teaching establishments are discussed. Dust generating activities are carried out at many further and higher education institutions. The risk potential of a dust to the health of an individual depends on many factors including the nature, composition and concentration of the dust, size of the dust particle, period of exposure and the response of the individual. Tables show the adverse effects associated with certain dusts and mortality values for deaths due to various respiratory diseases.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Jan. 1994, Vol.12, No.1, p.23-27. Illus. 6 ref.
Decree No.93-605 of 27 March 1993 instituting health and safety commissions in public establishments for technical education and occupational training in agriculture [France]
Décret n°93-605 du 27 mars 1993 instituant une commission d'hygiène et de sécurité dans les établissements publics d'enseignement technique et de formation professionnelle agricoles [France] [in French]
Topics: agriculture; educational institutions; France; law; safety and health committees; vocational training.
Dictionnaire Permanent Sécurité et Conditions de Travail, Agriculture, Feuillets 49, 25 Mar. 1997, p.339-340.
Koda S., Ogawa T., Kodera R., Oze Y., Aoyama H.
An experimental study of fatigue symptoms and the effects of inserting rest periods in the work schedule of cooks providing school lunch service
Kyūshoku chōri sagyō ni okeru kyūkei jikan sōnyū ni tomonau hirō jikaku shōjō no kaifuku kōka [in Japanese]
In response to reports of dermatitis, neck and arm disorders, finger deformations and low back pain among school lunch staff, the workload of the personnel of a kitchen serving several schools was assessed. Morning work (especially making lunch) was very active and put demands on the neck, arm and back muscles, while in afternoon tasks (especially dishwashing) put heavy static loads on the back. The staff were exposed to excessively hot and cold temperatures during the summer and winter. Introduction of a 30-min pause in the afternoon markedly reduced the fatigue and musculoskeletal disorders experienced by the workers.
Hirô to kyûyô no kagaku, 1 June 1993, Vol.7, No.1, p.51-61. 22 ref. Illus.
Adler S.P., Manganello A.M.A., Koch W.C., Hempfling S.H., Best A.M.
Risk of human parvovirus B19 infections among school and hospital employees during endemic periods
Risk factors for human parvovirus B19 infections for hospital and school employees were identified during an endemic period. By serological testing, 2,730 employees of 135 schools in three school systems and 751 employees of a hospital were monitored. Of these, 60% were initially seropositive. After adjusting for age, race, and gender, risk factors for seropositivity were contact with children aged five to 18 years at home (odds ratio [OR]=1.2), at work (OR=1.2), and employment in elementary schools in school system 2 (OR=1.4). Over 42 months, one of 198 susceptible hospital employees seroconverted compared to 62 of 927 school employees. Four factors associated with seroconversion were employment at elementary schools in system 2, contact with children aged five to 11 years at home or with children aged five to 18 years at work, and aged under 30 years. Those in daily contact with school-age children had a five-fold increased occupational risk for B19 infection.
Journal of Infectious Diseases, Aug. 1993, Vol.168, No.2, p.361-368. Illus. 27 ref.
Education and research
Undervisning og forskning [in Danish]
Volume No.20 of a series of monographs covering occupational safety and health in all sectors of the Danish economy. The principal occupational safety and health problems in the sectors of education and research are psychological stress, indoor climate, and, in certain areas, musculoskeletal diseases, and chemical and biological hazards.
Direktoratet for Arbejdstilsynet, Landskronagade 33-35, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1993. 66p. 29 ref. Price: DKK 100.00.
Laboratory of industrial psychology
This booklet describes the activities of the Laboratory of Industrial Psychology at the Helsinki University of Technology, Finland. Following a brief review of the development of industrial psychology in Finland, the administrative position of the Laboratory is described along with the scope and definition of industrial psychology, teaching programmes (structure of studies, teaching in the the Laboratory), research activities of the Laboratory and cooperation with other institutions. Theses, reports and other publications of the Laboratory are listed.
Helsinki University of Technology, Laboratory of Industrial Psychology, Otakaari 4 A, 02150 Espoo, Finland, 1993. 50p. Bibl.ref.
Travers C.J., Cooper C.L.
Mental health, job satisfaction and occupational stress among UK teachers
The findings of a large-scale nationwide investigation into stress among teachers in the UK are presented. Data were collected by questionnaire from a random sample of 1790 teachers drawn from a cross-section of school types, sectors and teaching grades. Univariate analysis of the results revealed that teachers, when compared with other highly stressed occupational groups, experience lower job satisfaction and poorer mental health. Mental ill-health was predicted by a variety of job pressure and personal factors, but predominantly linked to job pressure from 'ambiguity of the teacher's role'. Intention to leave was found to be most highly related to mental ill-health in teachers.
Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1993, Vol.7, No.3, p.203-219. 28 ref.
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