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CIS 87-677 Success through safe lifting
Survey of the safety aspects of the use of indoor cranes for lifting in manufacturing operations. Coverage: standards; alarms and indicators; flexible (modular) manufacturing of specialised cranes; testing and inspection.
Engineering, Jan. 1987, p.31-33. Illus.


CIS 89-2046 Häkkinen K., Pesonen J.
Use of vacuum and magnetic grippers in lifting appliances
Alipaine- ja magneettitarttujat nostolaitteissa [in Finnish]
The use of vacuum and magnetic grippers is increasing, e.g. in the lifting of plates. Different ways of designing the grippers are discussed. The possibilities of falling loads are analysed using hazard analysis models. Some applications are described and existing safety regulations are reviewed. The most important objective of safety systems should be to maintain the safety margin of the gripper within acceptable limits. Moreover, the gripping force should never be discontinued during lifting and without prior warning.
Työterveyslaitos, Julkaisumyynti, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 1986. 56p. Illus. 18 ref. Price: FIM 30.00.

CIS 87-707 Sutton R., Cherrington J.E., Towill D.R.
Manual control of crane systems
A comprehensive view of a crane operator's ability to control a crane system leads to a hierarchical model of manual control which was validated against simulation results. The hierarchy determines the multiloop closure priorities and the control strategy characteristics required to stabilise the complete crane system.
Ergonomics, Oct. 1986, Vol.29, No.10, p.1155-1171. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 87-316 Vautrin J.P., Clauzade B., Gérardin J.P., Peltier F.L., Portier M.
Mobile crane load indicators. Test results
Contrôleurs d'état de charge de grues mobiles. Bilan des analyses [in French]
Safe load indicators (SLI) are used on mobile cranes to facilitate the crane driver's task and prevent the crane from falling over or essential parts from breaking. It was decided to study the safety levels of SLI available in France. The analysis was carried out on the programmable electronic sub-system when subjected to interference or to the breakdown of a component. Results indicate that the 5 models studied provided a good level of safety, despite some malfunctions. Although these SLI make cranes safer to operate, they do not prevent all danger situations.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1986, No.124, Note No.1587-124-86, p.291-303. Illus. 7 ref.

CIS 86-1202 Pendant-operated and radio-controlled cranes
Aspects covered in this data sheet: training and authorisation of personnel; description of crane equipment and control systems; repair procedures; safe operating procedures.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1986. 5p. Illus. Bibl.


CIS 94-21 Lifts and Cranes Act 1985; Lifts and Cranes Regulations 1988 [Australia - South Australia]
This Act received assent on 30 May 1985 and commenced 30 Jan. 1989. Here it is reproduced with amendments up to 1 July 1993. It covers: interpretation; scope (excludes apparatuses used in mines, offshore petroleum installations, etc.); inspectors; approval of design and construction; registration of cranes, hoists and lifts; duties in relation to the safe operation of such equipment; safety inspections; operation by young persons; certificates of competency; accidents; approved codes of practice; miscellaneous; exemptions; issuing of regulations. The Regulations (made 15 Dec. 1988, commenced 30 Jan. 1989, amendments to 17 June 1993) cover: expert reports on the design of such equipment; registration of lifts; proper use; children prohibited on cranes; danger notices; inspection; certificates of competency.
In: Australian Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare, CCH Australia Ltd., CNR Talavera & Khartoum Roads, Box 230, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia, Vol.3, 20p. (pages numbered 71,701 - 71,782).

CIS 89-1369
Health and Safety Executive
Specification for automatic safe load indicators
This revised specification was produced to assist designers, manufactures, importers, suppliers and purchasers of automatic safe load indicators (ASLIs) for cranes. An ASLI complying with this specification will give warning of an approach to the safe working load and give further warning when the safe working load is being exceeded. Contents: general; performance and other requirements; design and construction; display panels; electrical requirements. In the appendices: electrical interference immunity requirements; detailed requirements for tower and mobile cranes.
Health and Safety Executive Sales Point, St. Hugh's House, Stanley Precinct, Bootle, Merseyside L20 3QY, United Kingdom, June 1985. 32p. Illus. Price: GBP 3.00.

CIS 88-996 Cranes and lifting appliances - Code of practice
Contents of this code of practice covering the use of cranes, lifting appliances, personnel/materials hoists and helicopters in construction work: mobile cranes; tower cranes; load lifting and work platform restrictions; lifting appliances; helicopters in construction work; slings and ropes; crane operators (responsibilities); the register of crane operators and dogmen; demolition ball operations; personnel/materials hoists. Appended: hand signals for cranes and lifting appliances; medical certificate (for inclusion in the register of crane operators); hand signals for helicopters; accepted standards for lifting gear; ground-to-air signals. Numerous illustrations accompany the text.
Department of Labour, Private Bag, Wellington, New Zealand, Rev.ed., 1985. 48p. Illus.

CIS 88-657
Health and Safety Executive
Safe working with overhead travelling cranes
This guidance note gives guidelines for safe working methods concerning overhead travelling cranes, operator selection and training, planning of lifts, safe means of access to the cranes, safe means of escape in an emergency, overhoisting and overlowering, maintenance and periodic checks of all parts of these cranes.
HM Stationery Office, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, Sep. 1985. 4p.

CIS 86-1803 Grellat M.
Hazards of radio-controlled travelling cranes
Risques dus aux ponts roulants commandés par radio [in French]
Description of equipment and operations: types of radio controls and their characteristics; particular hazards of travelling cranes under radio control; principal safety measures; hazards of moving loads over the heads of workers; benefits of radio control.
Prévention et sécurité du travail, 4th quarter 1985, No.147, p.24-32. Illus.

CIS 85-2029 Request for assistance in preventing electrocutions from contact between cranes and power lines
Contact between cranes and overhead power lines is a major cause of fatal accidents in the USA, accounting for about 1.5% of all occupational fatalities occuring each year in the country. Aspects covered in this NIOSH alert bulletin: description of 6 fatal accidents; appropriate US standards and recommended work practices.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Robert A. Taft Laboratories, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, July 1985. 6p. 4 ref.

CIS 85-1509
(Comité central de coordination, Caisse nationale de l'assurance maladie)
Use of elevating platforms
Utilisation d'élévateurs de personnel à nacelle sur porteur [in French]
Recommendations adopted 14 Dec. 1984. Conforming with French legislation, elevating platforms are divided into 3 groups. Safety regulations apply to all 3 groups or to only 1 of them. Details are provided, in particular, on the safety equipment with which platforms must be supplied, on safety precautions during use, on the qualifications of operators, and on maintenance, testing and safety checks of the platforms.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1985, No.120, Note No.1547-120-85 (Recommendation No.257), p.381-384.

CIS 85-1508 Féneron R.
Equipment for the lifting of personnel (conditions of use)
Les appareils pour élever le personnel en hauteur (conditions d'utilisation) [in French]
Safety rules to follow during the use of equipment not specifically designed for the lifting of personnel and altered temporarily or permanently for this purpose. Accident descriptions; principal hazards; review of appropriate legislation in France; putting into service of such equipment (measures designed to reduce the dangers of falls by persons or by objects, of colliding with objects, of being hit by objects, of being thrown from the equipment, of the machine overturning, of the cradles collapsing). Special safety rules for the use of equipment designed for the lifting of personnel.
Cahiers des Comités de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics, May-June 1985, No.3, p.4-7. Illus.

CIS 85-1504 Müller A., Meyer F.
Transport by means of cranes with platforms
Krantransport mit Barellen [in German]
Barelle per il trasporto di materiale mediante gru [in Italian]
Transports par grue avec des nacelles [in French]
In response to several serious accidents, a theoretical study of platform loading and unloading was carried out. The study was followed by tests on models: load distribution, causes of platform tipping, choice of suspension and dangers of tipping were investigated. The behaviour of platforms supported along one edge was compared with that of fully suspended platforms. Safety rules based on the studies concern the construction of serial platforms and baskets, stabilisation, loading, securing of loads, dimensions and configuration of suspension elements, and lifting equipment.
Caisse nationale suisse d'assurance en cas d'accidents, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, Apr. 1985. 35p. Illus.


CIS 95-1196 Council Directive of 17 Sep. 1984 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the permissible sound power level of tower cranes [European Communities]
Directive du conseil du 17 sept. 1984 concernant le rapprochement des législations des Etats membres relatives au niveau de puissance acoustique admissible des grues à tour [Communautés européennes] [in French]
The maximum permissible sound power level emitted by the lifting mechanism of tower cranes, more than 5yrs following the notification of this Directive (26 Sep. 1984), shall be 100dB(A)/1pW. Type-examination certificates shall be issued by appropriate bodies within the European Communities certifying that tower cranes have satisfied this noise emission limitation rule. In annex: method of measuring airborne noise emitted by tower cranes; model of information document for a type of tower crane to be supplied for the purposes of EEC type-examination; model for mark for sound power level.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 19 Nov. 1984, No.L 300, p.130-141. Illus.

CIS 85-1505
Health and Safety Executive
Scotch derrick cranes
Scotch derrick cranes, though mostly replaced by newer crane types, are still used widely, and this guidance note covers their safety aspects: legal requirements in the United Kingdom; causes of accidents and dangerous occurrences; preventive measures (careful driving, driver training, avoidance of slack or overloaded ropes); safety features (automatic safe load indicator, radius/load indicator, radius limitation, derricking clutch/pawl interlock, guarding of crane mechanisms); maintenance; complete assessment; design; crane assembly; second-hand cranes.
HM Stationery Office, 49 High Holborn, London WC1V 6HB, United Kingdom, May 1984. 10p. Illus. 9 ref. Price:£2.50.

CIS 85-1205 Meyer J.P., Didry G., Horwat F.
Access to tower cranes
Accès des grues à tour [in French]
Aims of this study: 1. To determine the strain imposed on the heart of workers climbing tower crane masts and 2. To observe the influence of this strain on the working capacities of the crane operator, particularly when assuming control and during the first manoeuvres. The heart rate of 17 crane operators was subjected to continuous measurement by telemetry and recorded on magnetic tape during 3 types of physical exercise. Conclusion: climbing ladders to a height of >20m produces great physical strain and a heart rate well over the permitted maximum of 145 contractions/min. There was no effect however on working capacity. Practical advice is given on how to reduce the strain on the heart of the workers and recommendations on how workers should climb up to or descend from the control cabins.
Travail et sécurité, Dec. 1984, No.12, p.639-645. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 85-1202 Safety rules for crane operators
Reglas de seguridad para maquinistas de grúas [in Spanish]
Pocket guide on safety rules to be followed by crane operators (commands and signals, access to the crane, tests and daily inspections, use of the crane, maintenance).
Asociación para la Prevención de Accidentes, Echaide No.4, San Sebastián 5, Spain, no date. 6p.

CIS 85-907 Fibre and wire ropes, chains, slings and accessories
Cuerdas, cables, cadenas, eslingas y aparejos [in Spanish]
Contents of this illustrated guide: fibre ropes; synthetic-fibre sling straps; wire rope; chains; slings and accessories; proper use.
Asociación para la Prevención de Accidentes, Echaide No.4, San Sebastián 5, Spain, 2nd ed., Jan. 1981, 31p. Illus.

CIS 85-823 Hardiville.
Truck-mounted hydraulic standby cranes
Les grues hydrauliques auxiliaires montées sur camions [in French]
This paper, presented at a meeting of the Regional Technical Committee for Civil Engineering (Nord-Picardie, France), principally concerns misuse. Contents: definitions; choice of equipment; installation on trucks; limitations and capacities of different models (with rigid or articulated booms); controls; safety devices; nameplates; testing and maintenance.
Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie Nord-Picardie, Allée Vauban, 59661 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France, 1984. 5p.

CIS 85-602 Grellat
Hazards of radio-controlled overhead travelling cranes
Risques dus aux ponts roulants commandés par radio [in French]
Paper presented at a meeting of the Regional Technical Committee for Metalworking (Nord-Picardie, France). The techniques and risks of radio-controlled travelling cranes are discussed, classified and compared with those of remote-controlled cranes that are connected by wire to their controllers.
Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie Nord-Picardie, Allée Vauban, 59661 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France, 1984. 14p. Illus.

CIS 85-307
Cranes - Examinations and tests
Hijskranen - Onderzoekingen en beproevingen [in Dutch]
Contents of this directive: definitions; scope; examination and testing; experts; logbooks for recording of results; obligations of owners; application and coordination of official regulations; reproductions of applicable sections of the law; summary of relevant Dutch standards.
Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 1984. 12p. Price: Glds.0.50.


CIS 94-1120 Directive concerning the obtaining and certification of permits to operate cranes and goods lifts at work [Mexico]
Instructivo No.3 relativo a la obtención y refrendo de licencias para operadores de grúas y montacargas en los centros de trabajo [in Spanish]
Directive issued in accordance with provisions of the Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (CIS 83-2092). It contains the conditions needed by a worker before (s)he may be granted a permit to operate cranes and goods lifts.
Secretaría del Trabajo y Previsión Social, Doctor Vértiz 96, 06720 México, D.F., Mexico, 1983. 4p.

CIS 85-528 Byčkov A.N., Korsarev A.I., Černyh M.G., Levčenko V.A.
Worker safety in the use of track-laying cranes
Bezopasnost' truda pri ėkspluatacii puteukladočnyh kranov [in Russian]
Description of the work of the 6-member crews on track-laying machines. Major hazards, in decreasing order of importance: high-voltage electricity on electrified rail lines; inability of the operator to bring the machine to a halt quickly in emergencies; noise and vibration. These hazards can be counteracted by: warning devices to indicate energised conductors; better placement of controls, and provision of means of communication between the track crew and the operator; personal protective equipment. A block diagram of a live-conductor warning device is given.
Železnodorožnyj transport, 1983, No.10, p.47-49. Illus.

CIS 85-511 Voklan V.V.
Reliability of the lifting mechanisms of casting cranes
Nadežnost' mehanizmov pod"ema litejnyh kranov [in Russian]
Standard travelling cranes for casting ladles (nominal capacity 320t) have had a number of faults. They were hard to maintain and repair because of the inaccessibility of critical parts; the welded joints of the hook-block plates tended to give way under stress; slanting ropes between the top and bottom pulley blocks led to jamming when the ropes weakened under heat. The proposed new design, which has performed well in field tests, makes repair and maintenance easier and safer. The hook-block plates are now riveted together, for greater elasticity, and the ropes are reeved in parallel paths (10 load-bearing lengths per block).
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, Mar. 1983, No.3, p.29-30. Illus.

CIS 84-303
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Cranes - Load grippers - Safety requirements
Krany gruzopod'emnye. Organy gruzozahvatnye - Trebovanija bezopasnosti [in Russian]
This standard (effective: 1 July 1984) applies to hooks, clamshell buckets and other lifting appliances. It defines requirements for their design, construction, attachment and use. Rules for marking.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per. 3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 4 May 1983. 4p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 83-1506 Feneron C.
Tower cranes with overlapping circles of operation: prevention of accidents
Grues à tour dont les zones d'action se recoupent: prévention des accidents [in French]
A review of 8 accidents (5 fatal ones) in l978-82 showed that all but 1 were due to collision of the boom of the lower of 2 neighbouring tower cranes with the rope of the higher crane. Such collisions can be avoided by equipping the cranes with devices to limit the rotation of the boom of the upper crane and/or the travel of the hoist crab along the boom so that the rope of the higher crane can never enter the circle of operation of the lower crane. Greater flexibility can be achieved by (1) having a supervisor in constant communication with the crane operators, or (2) having the travel-limiting devices on the higher crane be controlled by sensors which detect the position of the lower crane; both alternatives permit the higher crane to operate in the circle of the lower crane when the latter is out of the way. Appropriate sensing and travel-limiting systems are described.
Cahiers des Comités de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics, July-Aug. 1983, No.4, p.152-159. Illus.

CIS 83-905
Federation of Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations (Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften)
Krane [in German]
This safety regulation applies to all types of cranes and all features of their structure and equipment (nameplates, controls and access thereto, platforms and walkways, safe distances, protection against derailment or collapse, brakes and stops, load limiters, maximum speed, rails, warning equipment, guy wires), their testing and their operation (qualifications and responsibilities of operators and others, loading, coordination of several cranes, maintenance, transport of persons and vehicles, pulling loads at an angle and dislodging fixed objects, routine dependence on stops, assembly and disassembly of movable cranes, jacks, working on or in the vicinity of a crane). Rules of application and a commentary are appended.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Gereonstrasse 18-32, 5000 Köln 1, Federal Republic of Germany, 1 Apr. 1983. 23+15p. Price: DM.2.80.

CIS 83-901
National Board of Occupational Safety and Health (Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen)
Lifting of persons by means of cranes
Personlyft med kranar [in Swedish]
This directive (effective 1 Oct. 1983) concerns the lifting of persons by cranes or other lifting equipment, other than used in emergency situations or in mines and quarries. Sections cover: definitions; general provisions (restrictions for this practice, information of safety representative); crane (requirements regarding safe working loads, crane construction, safety devices); lift basket or platform (design and construction, suspension); safe lifting and working procedures; inspection and approval. Detailed commentaries are appended.
LiberDistribution, 162 89 Stockholm, Sweden, 6 May 1983. 22p. Illus.


CIS 83-1839 Levin M.M.
Devices to prevent crane booms from falling back over the cab
Ustrojstva dlja predotvraščenija zaprokidyvanija strely krana [in Russian]
When boom-type cranes operate at angles near the vertical, wind or inertial forces (such as those resulting from loss or shifting of the load) can cause the boom to fall back over the cab. Devices presently in use have drawbacks which can be avoided by the use of the proposed device. This consists of a heavy cable which passes through a brake mounted in front of the boom, and a strain gauge attached to the boom angle sheave. When the boom approaches the vertical, the load on the boom angle sheave falls sharply. The resulting change in strain gauge output is sensed by an actuator circuit which closes the brake on the cable, thus restraining the boom.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, Feb. 1982, No.2, p.26. Illus.

CIS 83-1803 Müller A.
Load handling platforms and their dangers
Die Barelle und ihre Gefahren [in German]
A load handling platform is a device with solid railings suspended by a pyramid of cables from a vehicle-mounted crane; it is intended for the movement of loads to places not accessible by other means. Analysis of 2 serious accidents is used to illustrate the principles of handling and lifting with such devices: loading and unloading, load distribution, suspension, tipping of the platform, effect of cable length, suspension by a spreader, consequences of tipping. A model is used for mechanical demonstrations. Principal safety measures: stabilisation of the platform, horizontal movement of the load on the platform by counterbalanced mechanical means, securing of the load on the platform, solid construction of the platform and railings, use of a transverse cable spreader, training of personnel. Psychological aspects of safety.
Illustrierte Zeitschrift für Arbeitsschutz, 1982, Vol.29, No.3, p.7-12, No.4, p.6-9, and No.5, p.4-9. Illus.

CIS 83-1508 Safety when working with truck-mounted loading cranes
Sicherheit beim Umgang mit Lkw-Ladekranen [in German]
Loading cranes are accessories and not integral parts of trucks, and so fall under the regulations applicable to cranes in the Federal Republic of Germany. Safety aspects to be considered are: conditions which the operator must meet, careful operation, informative signage, layout of controls, stability and provision of jacks, locks for the jacks, load limiters, lowering of the boom before moving the truck, posting of maximum load, lifting appliances. Equipment should be tested on receipt from the supplier and periodically thereafter. Information is given on compulsory acceptance tests and periodical tests. During operation, the controls and the structure of the crane should be under observation, the ground should be checked and appropriate measures taken to stabilise the equipment, safe practice should be followed in the lifting and moving of loads, and special care should be taken in the vicinity of electric lines. A check list is provided.
Unfall-Stop - Mitteilungsblatt der Grosshandels- und Lagerei-Berufsgenossenschaft, 1982, No.5, p.7-12. Illus.

CIS 83-1501 Cetinić P.
Safety of work with cranes controlled from crane cabins
Sigurnost pri radu s dizalicama upravljanim iz kabine [in Serbocroatian]
Contents of this training manual: movement of people and equipment in the workplace; slinging, securing and balancing loads; slings; slinging signals; construction of the carrying structure; lifting accessories; cabin access; cabin design; wind load; electricity; crane control from a cabin (overhead travelling cranes; portal cranes; mobile cranes); documentation, inspection and testing; qualifications needed by a crane operator. A check list for actions before, during and after operation is included for each type of crane.
Zavod za nakladničku djelatnost iz sigurnosti na radu, Kroflinova 34, 41000 Zagreb, Yugoslavia, 1982. 88p. Illus.

CIS 83-1204 Safety in crane operations
Contents of this booklet, designed as a guide to safe slinging and crane procedures, and intended to supplement rather than replace a training programme: legal requirements, crane operations; safe operation of radio-controlled cranes; procedure for crane repairmen; procedures for men working on cranes or from crane runways; hooking loads onto overhead cranes; which hitch for the job; care in inspection of fibre rope, alloy steel chain, wire rope; synthetic webbing slings; lifting accessories.
Industrial Accident Prevention Association, 2 Bloor Street East, 23rd Floor, Toronto, Ontario M4W 3C2, Canada, 1981. 64p. Illus.

CIS 83-310 Comet M.
Overhead travelling cranes: safety devices
Ponts roulants: dispositifs de sécurité [in French]
The state of the art in overhead travelling crane design and construction and the relevant safety devices are reviewed. Sections deal with: design features; overhead travelling cranes fitted with a hoist (framework, crab, mechanisms, construction principles); overhead travelling cranes fitted with a winch (framework, mechanisms, brakes, lifting rope, lifting motor, choice of drive motors); European classifications of structures and mechanisms; safety devices (controls, anticollision devices, load limiting devices, load indicators, integral load weighing devices; excess speed detectors, travel automation).
Revue de la sécurité, Nov. 1982, Vol.18, No.195, p.21-27. Illus.

CIS 83-306
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Container handling cranes - Safety requirements
Krany kontejnernye - Trebovanija bezopasnosti [in Russian]
Contents of this standard (effective 1 Jan. 1983): general safety rules (lateral deviation of the centre of gravity of the container must not cause overload of spreader or crane; load limiting device; rope deviation from the vertical not more than 1:15 when containers are handled by two independent gantry cranes; safety devices excluding collisions between spreaders and crane structures; central control system for cranes with several self-contained lifting mechanisms; visibility of load being handled; interlocking of other crane mechanisms during lifting and lowering operations); requirements to be met by the basic structural elements; enforcement of the standard by the State Technical Inspectorate.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 14 June 1982. 3p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 83-303 Safety standard for powered industrial trucks - Industrial crane trucks
This standard, which was approved as an American national standard on 9 February 1982, defines safety requirements for the design, operation and maintenance of powered industrial crane trucks. Chapters cover: general safety practices (stability, fuel handling and storage, changing and charging storage batteries for electric vehicles, hazardous locations, etc.); operating rules and practices (operator qualifications and training, travelling and loading); maintenance practices; design and construction standards (stability, steering, brakes, travel and load-handling controls, guards, etc.).
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, United Engineering Center, 345 E.4th St., New York, N.Y. 10017, USA, 1982. 21p. Illus.

CIS 83-302 Safety standards for cableways, cranes, derricks, hoists, hooks, jacks, and slings - Hooks
This standard, which was approved as an American national standard on 28 April 1982, is a revision of ANSI B30.10-1975. It lays down safety requirements for crane hooks, and covers: hook characteristics; hook identification; inspection, maintenance and testing; and operating practices.
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, United Engineering Center, 345 E.47th St., New York, N.Y. 10017, USA, 1982. 12p. Illus.

CIS 83-301 Safety standard for floating cranes and floating derricks
This standard, which was approved as an American national standard by the American National Standards Institute on 17 May 1982, lays down safety requirements for cranes and derricks mounted on barges or pontoons, when used for lifting work. Chapters cover: construction and installation (load ratings and marking, construction and loading conditions, general requirements for pontoons, barges, cranes and derricks, etc.); inspection, maintenance and testing; operation (qualifications for and conduct of operators, operating practices, signals).
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, United Engineering Center, 345 E.47th St., New York, NY 10017, USA, 1982. 30p. Illus.

CIS 83-6 Musson Y.
Working on cranes - An investigation in an iron and steelworks
Werken op de kraan - Een onderzoek bij Hoogovens [in Dutch]
Abridged version of a report elaborated for the trade union of the largest Netherlands iron and steelworks. Sections cover: the right to good conditions of work; working on cranes (work involving responsibility, additional stress by reading instructions displayed on CRT screens); complaints about vibration and jerks (health hazards, involvement of inner organs); investigation into vibration and jerks on cranes (especially overhead travelling cranes: questionnaire survey of subjective complaints, causes of vibration and jerks); backache, joint disorders, sitting discomfort and stomach pains; other stress factors (heat, drawbacks of hermetically closed cabins, uncomfortable seats, vibrating cabin parts, draught, speed of work, postural constraints due to bad visibility); necessity of preventive maintenance and repairs to avoid equipment deterioration and to prevent vibration.
Industriebond FNV, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Apr. 1982. 28p. Illus.

CIS 83-1 Parodi V.G., Salio C., Imbesi F.
A new approach, based on automatic inspection, for the certification of large lattice jibs for mobile cranes
Un nuovo approccio, mediante verifica automatica, per il collaudo dei grandi bracci a traliccio per autogrù [in Italian]
Description and discussion of a mathematical model, suitable for computerisation, that can be used for the certification of large lattice jibs on mobile cranes, on the basis of their elastic instability. This method makes it possible to predict the most dangerous jib position and to define, without approximations, the safety factors in the 2 planes in which instability can be tested.
Lavoro umano, July-Aug. 1982, Vol.30, No.1, p.48-56. Illus.

CIS 82-1836 Grounding electric shovels, cranes and other mobile equipment
This data sheet provides information on earthing this type of equipment (hazards: contact with electrically powered lines, lightning, faults in electrically-powered equipment; trailing electric cables); methods for improving soil conductivity; measurement of resistance of earthing rods; testing and maintenance of earthing systems; protection against electric shocks; use of rubber gloves and insulated hooks or tongs when handling power cables of underground equipment.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611, USA, revised 1982. 4p. Illus. 1 ref.

CIS 82-1203
Directorate General of Labour, Labour Inspectorate (Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Arbeidsinspectie)
Cranes - Inspection and testing
Hijskranen - Onderzoekingen en beproevingen [in Dutch]
This data sheet on stationary and mobile cranes for loads over 2t covers: introduction; definitions; types of inspection and testing specified by regulation; experts to be consulted; inspection register to be kept for each crane; obligations of heads of undertakings; role of the labour inspectorate; co-ordination between the regulations applicable to different types of activity; legislation in the Netherlands on crane inspection and testing.
Postbus 69, 2270MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 1982. 12p. Illus. Price: Glds.0.50.

CIS 82-901 A multipurpose crane
Une grue passe-partout [in French]
Description of a small crane designed for building renovation work. The variety of structures involved and difficulties of access often made it necessary to manhandle loads. This new piece of lifting equipment offers the following advantages: in view of its small size it can be installed in narrow road or alleys; bucket shape and size are suitable for the evacuation of building site rubbish; its design is such that it can be assembled by 2 men in a few hours. The crane can also be used for building installation work. Illustrations show how the crane is assembled. English translation may be obtained from the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8N 1H6.
Travail et sécurité, Mar. 1982, No.3, p.120-125.


CIS 83-304
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Cranes - General safety requirements
Krany gruzopod"emnye - Obščie trebovanija bezopasnosti [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1982) applies to all cranes with the exception of those installed on board sea-going ships and river craft. Sections cover: safety requirement with regard to design and materials (reliability, securing of fasteners and joints, corrosion protection of structural elements, safe access to all parts requiring periodical maintenance and inspection); guarding of transmission and other moving elements; marking.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij Per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 25 Dec. 1981. 3p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 82-1502
American National Standards Institute
Specifications for underhung cranes and monorail systems
This standard (approved 8 June 1981) defines safety specifications for underhung cranes operating on the lower flange of a track section, and for a single track monorail system, including all curves, switches, transfer devices, trolleys, lift and drop sections, and associated equipment. Sections cover: scope and referenced specifications and publishers; general work and design specifications; runway and monorail track; suspension fittings; carriers or trolleys; cranes, transfer cranes, and interlocking cranes; switches; track openers; vertical drop or lift sections; cab controlled carriers and cranes; brakes; electrical equipment and electrification; equipment for special applications.
Monorail Manufacturers Association, 1326 Freeport Road, Pittsburgh, PA 15238, USA, 1981. 14p. Price: US-$8.00.

CIS 82-1210
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Cranes. Counterweight and ballast - Safety requirements
Krany gruzopod"emnye. Protivoves i ballast - Trebovanija bezopasnosti [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1982) covers: securing of counterweights and ballast so as to prevent any displacement; uniform distribution of loads over all securing ropes or chains so as not to upset the crane stability in the event of a rope or chain breakage; marking of counterweight or ballast elements; avoidance of water or ice accumulations at the design stage; guides and travel limiting devices for travelling counterweights, the position of which should either be automatically determined by that of the jib or be visible from the crane cab.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 22 Dec. 1981. 2p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 82-1209
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Cranes. Operator's cab - Safety requirements
Krany gruzopod"emnye. Kabina upravlenija - Trebovanija bezopasnosti [in Russian]
Contents of this standard (effective 1 July 1982): visibility of load and site; safe and easy access to all control elements; cab equipment (apart from controls and displays: master switch, lamps, fire extinguisher, fan, tools, personal locker, heater); ergonomic layout; minimum dimensions; safe access to cab; protection of crane operators against bad weather, heat, dust and harmful gases; glazing with safety glass; non-slip floor; door lock to be opened from both inside and outside; prohibition of cabs through which pass wire ropes or chains, or in which a winch drum is arranged.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 25 Dec. 1981. 3p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 82-1202 Safety standards for cableways, cranes, derricks, hoists, hooks, jacks and slings - Portal, tower and pillar cranes
This standard (approved as an American National Standard: 16 Nov. 1981) is a revision of ANSI B30.4-1973 and applies to the construction, installation, operation, inspection and maintenance of portal, tower and pillar cranes and others having the same fundamental characteristics. Sections are devoted to: scope, definitions and references; construction characteristics (assembly, load ratings and stability, runway track, trucks, rail sweeps and safety lugs, guards for moving parts, limit switches, cabs and remote control stations, footwalks, boom hoist and load hoist mechanisms, swing mechanism, controls, hoisting equipment); inspection, testing and maintenance; operation (operator qualifications and operating practice, handling the load, signals). Appendices illustrate the danger zones for cranes and lifted loads operating near electrical transmission lines, and standard hand signals for banksmen.
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, United Engineering Center, 345 East 47th Street, New York, N.Y. 10017, USA, 31 Jan. 1982. 28p. Illus.

CIS 82-874 Ergonomic aspects - Cabins of mobile cranes
Report of a working group set up to study the ergonomic aspects of mobile-crane cabs and to draw up recommendations for improved cab design. The study comprised: a survey of national and international directives and guidelines on cabin design and layout, ergonomic assessment of existing equipment, and interviews with 20 crane drivers on health, safety and comfort aspects. Mobile cranes are classified, and individual chapters are devoted to recommendations on the ergonomics of the major aspects of crane cab design and layout: accessibility; visibility; seating in cab; cabin dimensions; operating controls in cabin; data presentation (instruments and their readibility, positioning, etc.); communication; microclimate; noise and vibration; lighting. [Also available in Dutch: Het betere werk - Cabines van mobiele kranen.]
Bedrijfsgezondheitsdienst voor de Bouwnijverheid, P.O. Box 8114, 1005 AC Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1981. 37p. Illus.

CIS 82-304
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Cranes - Rules for identification colours for dangerous parts
Krany gruzopod"emnye - Trebovanija k cvetovomu oboznačeniju častej krana, opasnyh pri ėkspluatacii [in Russian]
This standard (effective: 1 Jan. 1982) deals with safety colours for crane parts which may be dangerous either during use (for persons on the crane or in the work zone), or when the crane is travelling: red and white warning stripes (alternate-coloured diagonal strips, 30-150mm wide) on the hook support, rigid grabs, jibhead (except for tower cranes), the mobile section of the counterweight up to a height of 2m above the ground, part of the slewing table overhanging the gantry, parts extending over the sides of mobile crane chassis, jacklegs, cabins and external parts of overhead travelling cranes.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 20 July 1981. 2p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

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