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Footwear, leather and fur industry - 220 entries found

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CIS 75-1759 Giuliano G., Ronchi O., Rossi L., Focardi L.
Toxic polyneuritis in footwear industry workers - A longitudinal electromyographic study
Polineuropatia tossica in operai dell'industria calzaturiera - Studio elettromiografico longitudinale [in Italian]
Results of repeated electromyographic tests in 15 young workers in the footwear industry who were exposed for several years to solvent vapours from leather adhesives. Sensorimotor polyneuritis of the upper and lower limbs was diagnosed in 12 of them (i.e. 80%), and in the 3 others the lower limbs only were affected. The authors were unable to establish a correlation between the clinical symptoms and the electromyograms. They noted in most cases a diminution of the polyneuropathy 18 months after the first symptoms were observed.
Lavoro umano, Mar. 1975, Vol.27, No.2, p.33-41. 11 ref.

CIS 75-1757 Scrima M., Cecchini-Cioppi E.
Occupational health survey in shoe upper factories
Indagine conoscitiva sugli ambienti di lavoro dei tomaifici [in Italian]
Description and results of a survey carried out by the Labour Inspectorate in small Italian firms using various adhesive pastes, glues and cements in manufacturing shoe uppers. Alarm was caused by the outbreak of numerous cases of polyneuritis. The medical inspectors of labour carried out an investigation of the employees' living and working conditions and environment, and the microclimatic conditions at the workplace; they monitored the workplace air for harmful substances, especially solvents. The atmospheric concentration of the most frequently used solvent, hexane, was as high as 670ppm in some places. Proposed improvements.
Lavoro umano, Jul. 1975, Vol.27, No.4, p.104-113. 6 ref.

CIS 75-1462 Audran R., Cavigneaux A.
Polyneuritis in the leather and shoe industry
Polynévrites dans l'industrie du cuir et de la chaussure. [in French]
This note takes stock of publications and observations carried out in France and elsewhere on polyneuritis due to the use of certain glues. It mentions the results of a study undertaken by the French National Research and Safety Institute (INRS) on the composition of 116 glues used in the shoe industry and summarises the conclusions of the symposium on this subject held in Barcelona in 1974. It concludes that in the present state of knowledge aliphatic hydrocarbons appear to be responsible for the neurological lesions observed, but that pure hexane is doubtless not the only agent incriminated.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygične du travail, 1st quarter 1975, No.78, Note No.944-78-75, p.65-69. 11 ref.


CIS 75-1758 Basic bibliography on paralysis in the footwear industry
Bibliografía básica sobre la parálisis del calzado [in Spanish]
This volume, published by CNID on the occasion of the International Meeting on Paralysis in the Footwear Industry (Barcelona, 12-14 Nov. 1974), reproduces in facsimile in the original language a number of basic studies, submitted by research workers in different countries, on polyneuritis due to various chemical substances used in the boot and shoe manufacturing sector, in particular tricresyl phosphate and n-hexane.
National Occupational Safety and Health Prgramme, National Information and Documentation Centre (Plan nacional de higiene y seguridad del trabajo, Centro national de información y documentación (CNID), Barcelona, Spain, 1974. 347p. Illus. Approx. 500 ref.

CIS 75-1756 Kvasnička B., Zeman M.
Progress in acoustic conditions in the shoe industry
Vývoj akustických podmínek v obuvnickém průmyslu [in Czech]
Analysis illustrated by several tables and diagrams, of acoustic conditions at different stages of shoe manufacture (sole and upper clicking machines, finishing, sewing, assembling). Among the noisiest machines are trimming and eyeletting machines. Adoption of glueing has permitted certain sources of noise to be eliminated. The aspects on which efforts should be concentrated for continued improvement in the future are mentioned.
Kožařství, July 1974, Vol.24, No.7, p.182-185. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 75-1084 Jindřichová J.
Evaluation of benzene exposure in workplaces in eastern Bohemia by determination of phenols
Hodnocení expozice benzenu na pracovištích Východočeského kraje podle fenolového expozičního testu [in Czech]
During the period 1962-1971 up to 2,000 urine samples from benzene-exposed workers were analysed each year at 111 undertakings in eastern Bohemia (Czechoslovakia) with a view to detecting the presence of phenols. Phenol levels above 80mg/l urine were found on several occasions (22 workers in 1970 and 28 workers in 1971) in 19 factories. Hygiene conditions were substandard in all the undertakings in which these excessive levels were found, generally having lagged behind a situation of increased production. This study demonstrates the need to continue monitoring benzene exposure, especially in establishments where glues for leather and rubber are employed.
Pracovní lékařství, Aug. 1974, Vol.26, No.7, p.260-263. 8 ref.

CIS 75-1153 Sova B.
Experience with isocyanates in the shoe industry
Zkušenosti s izokyanáty v obuvnickém průmyslu [in Czech]
The author measured concentrations of Desmodur T (tolylene diisocyanate) and Desmodur 44 (diphenylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate) in workshops in which glues, granulates and shoe soles were produced, before and after hygiene measures had been taken. The analytical methods are described in detail. The annotated tables of the results show the efficacy of the measures taken (efficient ventilation, rational arrangement of equipment to avoid turbulence, personal hygiene).
Kožařství, Jan. 1974, Vol.4, No.1, p.20-22. 8 ref.

CIS 75-48 Scharmer H.W.
Velocity of arm movement in the danger zone of leather and textile presses equipped with electronic safety devices
Greifgeschwindigkeiten bei der Verarbeitung von Leder und Textilien auf Stanzen und Pressen mit berührungslos wirkenden Schutzeinrichtungen [in German]
After defining terms, the author discusses experiments (methods and evaluation of results) designed to determine the velocity of arm movement in the danger zone of presses. Distance-time and velocity-time graphs provide information on the movements between the start and end of the hand movement. Speeds recorded: 2.75m/s in normal circumstances, and 3m/s in the event of a reflex reaction to an abnormal situation (faulty positioning of the workpiece).
Die Berufsgenossenschaft, Apr. 1974, No.4, p.156-162. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 74-1902 Ašratova S.K., Byhovskij E.B., Kuz'min B.A., Štrambrandt Ja.M.
Occupational safety on high-frequency welding and cutting presses
O bezopasnoj rabote na pressah dlja svarki i vyrubki detalej s primeneniem tvč [in Russian]
In order to protect persons working at some imported presses used for welding and cutting leather and plastics by the application of frequencies of up to 40MHz, screens were designed for protection against electromagnetic fields. Design of a duralumin screen, arrangement of the screen in relation to the radiation source and calculations relating to the interference suppressor for the supply system. The basic rules to be observed when utilising high-frequency equipment are given.
Koževenno-obuvnaja promyšlennost', Jan. 1974, No.1, p.30-33. Illus. 5 ref.


CIS 75-1760 Abbritti G., Siracusa A., Cianchetti C., Coli C.A., Curradi F., Perticoni G.F., De Rosa F.
Aetiology of "footwear industry workers' toxic polyneuritis" (observations on 88 cases)
Sull'etiologia della "polineuropatia tossica dei calzaturieri" (considerazioni su 88 casi) [in Italian]
Brief literature survey which highlights the fact that up till now tri-o-cresyl phosphate was considered the chief cause of toxic polyneuritis in these workers. A study of 88 cases from small badly ventilated Italian factories shows that polyneuritis affected not only the workers engaged in glueing footwear or cleaning them with solvents, but also the other employees having no direct contact with these agents. It is suggested that inhalation of low boiling point saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons, particularly n-hexane, contained in the solvents causes polyneuritis. The article proposes practical preventive measures: in-plant health education; transferral of production process to more suitable (and not improvised) premises; labelling of dangerous chemical, etc.
Folia medica, Sep.-Oct. 1973, Vol.61, No.9-10, p.374-396. Illus. 37 ref.

CIS 74-1540 Turčanovskij S.K., Pudov V.A., Popov M.A., Sidorenko N.G.
A hand protection system for electro-hydraulic clicking presses
Sistema zaščity ruk rabočego na vyrubočnyh ėlektrogidravličeskih pressah [in Russian]
Description of a capacitance device in which the press operator is part of the capacitance system: if the worker, standing on an insulated platform with an incorporated electrode, touches a hazardous (uninsulated) part of the clicking die, the press circuit is cut. Experience with this system in the shoe industry has shown that the worker may keep his hands continually in the cutting area.
Koževenno-obuvnaja promyšlennost', Oct. 1973, No.10, p.33-34. Illus.

CIS 74-1785 Zolina Z.M., Gambašidze G.M., Jampol'skaja E.G.
Specific physiological changes in workers engaged in highly monotonous assembly-line work
Osobennosti fiziologičeskih sdvigov u rabotajuščih na konvejerah s vysokoj stepen'ju monotonnosti [in Russian]
Results of time studies and physiological examinations performed on a rubber footwear assembly-line moving forward periodically (period of 6-10s). This highly repetitive work, which consists of 27 simple operations, causes statistically significant electrocardiographic changes and a marked increase in sensorimotor reaction time from the 3rd hour of work. A new category is proposed for the classification of this work.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Nov. 1973, No.11, p.8-11. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 74-1403 Kapell J., Müller W., Kavungu M., Schnedermann B.
Tests to detect mould fungi in saliva after occupational exposure to mould dusts
Untersuchungen zum Nachweis von Schimmelpilzen im Sputum nach beruflicher Sporenstaub-Exposition [in German]
Description of saliva tests carried out on workers in a leather factory exposed to high concentrations of dust (genus penicillium). Positive reactions of cultures are related to subjective symptoms of dyspnoea, coughing and vertigo. The possibility of a sensitisation or disorder of the chronic bronchitis type is suggested.
Das deutsche Gesundheitswesen, Oct. 1973, Vol.28, No.40, p.1910-1914. 31 ref.

CIS 74-797 Samojlova A.I., Korol'kova O.A.
The incidence of gynaecological disorders in female shoe-industry workers and their relationship to work posture
Morbidité gynécologique en fonction de la posture de travail chez les ouvričres de l'industrie de la chaussure. [in French]
French translation of: Ginekologičeskaja zabolevaemost' rabotnic obuvnogo proisvodstva v svjazi s rabočej pozoj. Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Moskva, USSR, Apr.1972, Vol.16, No.4, p.49-52. 6 ref. A study of working conditions and the incidence of gynaecological disorders amongst 200 female shoe-industry workers. Tables show gynaecological findings related to standing and sitting postures, age and length of employment. The incidence of females affected by gynaecological incapacity for work was 5-7%. Statistical analysis showed that there is a clear relationship between standing posture and dysmenorrhoea (P>0.001) and retroflexio uteri (P>0.01). To correct the situation, 2 additional 10-min work breaks and, in the second half of the shift, compensatory gymnastics were introduced. Ergonomic improvements are also recommended.
Translation INRS 60 B-73, Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1973. 8p. 6 ref.

CIS 74-793 Kloetzel K., Cassetari L., Lopes J.A.
Pectus excavatum (funnel chest) as an occupational disease.
The results of an investigation of 44 Brazilian cobblers and a control group of 46 men indicate that funnel chest can be caused by pressure applied for long periods against the anterior surface of the chest. It can be considered an occupational disease in cobblers using their sternum as a working surface.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Feb. 1973, Vol.15, No.2, p.118-119. Illus. 2 ref.


CIS 73-29 Samojlova A.I., Korol'kova O.A.
The incidence of gynaecological disorders in female shoe-industry workers and the relationship with work posture
Ginekologičeskaja zabolevaemost' rabotnic obuvnogo proizvodstva v svjazi s rabočej posoj [in Russian]
A study of working conditions and the incidence of gyanecological disorders amongst 200 female shoe-industry workers. Gynaecological findings are related to standing and sitting postures, age and length of employment. The incidence of gynaecological incapacity for work was 5-7%. Statistical analysis showed that there is a clear relationship between standing posture and dysmenorrhoea (P>0.001) and retroflexio uteri (P>0.01). 2 additional 10min work breaks and, in the second half of the shift, compensatory gymnastics were introduced. Ergonomic improvements are also recommended.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Apr. 1972, Vol.16, No.4, p.49-52. 6 ref.

CIS 73-497 Pfundt G.
Resolution of the Council of Europe concerning the safety of workers using certain tannery machinery
Empfehlungen des Europarates zur Sicherheit der Arbeitnehmer bei Verwendung bestimmter Gerbereimaschinen [in German]
In 1969, the Council of Europe passed a resolution on tannery machinery safety (CIS 70-442). The requirements for individual tanning machines (in particular roller machines) and drying installations are reproduced and commented upon along with illustrated examples. The measures involved relate primarily to hand protection, the prevention of more extensive accidents and fire and explosion prevention.
Leder- und Häutemarkt, 27 Aug. 1972, Vol.24, No.34, p.508-516. Illus.

CIS 73-1083 Aksoy M.
Acute leukaemia due to chronic exposure to benzene
Description of 4 cases of acute leukaemia that developed in shoemakers using benzene-containing adhesives. In one of these workers, acute myeloblastic leukaemia occurred 3yrs after recovery from aplastic anaemia due to chronic benzene poisoning. In 2 of them acute myeloblastic leukaemia appeared without any preceding period of aplastic anaemia. In the fourth patient, thrombocythemia developed in the second year after an episode of aplastic anaemia due to chronic benzene poisoning; it lasted some months and was considered to be a preleukaemic stage. At this time the bone marrow did not show any signs of leukaemia, but later acute monocytic leukaemia appeared.
American Journal of Medicine, Feb. 1972, Vol.52, p.160-165. Illus. 30 ref.


CIS 72-2360 Prošková A.
Energy expenditure and industrial hygiene in various footwear industry and tanning jobs
Šetření energetických nákladů na práci a některých pracovně hygienických problémů u vybraných prací v obuvnické a koželužské výrobě [in Czech]
The authors determined energy expenditure (by indirect calorimetry), sound pressure level and microclimate in various workshops. Physical effort was greatest in tanneries (up to 6.94 kcal/min in sole-leather soaking). Sound pressure levels in sole cutting and rubber milling exceeded 100dB; the level in other shops was around 90dB.
Kožařství, 1971, Vol.21, No.11, p.313-316. Illus. 4 ref.


CIS 72-2663 Inoue T.
A health survey on vinyl sandal manufacturers with a high incidence of n-hexane intoxication
Normal-hexane chudoku no tahatsu o mita vinyl sandal gyosha no rodo eisei gaku teki chosa [in Japanese]
A study of 788 families engaged in home work on vinyl sandal manufacture in a single district revealed 93 persons suffering from polyneuropathy, during the period 1961-1967 (53 cases of sensory polyneuropathy and 40 of sensori-motor neuropathy, in 8 of which there was muscle atrophy). n-Hexane in the adhesives employed was suspected as the causative agent. Concentrations of n-hexane in home workshops ranged from 500 to 2,500ppm due to the low standard of ventilation. Working conditions are described and suitable safety measures recommended, including instruction on solvent toxity and safe handling procedures, improved ventilation and working techniques, etc.
Japanese Journal of Industrial Health - Sangyō-Igaku, Mar. 1970, Vol.12, No.3, p.73-84. Illus. 17 ref.

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