Printing, photography and photocopying industry - 330 entries found
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Casey P., Hagger R., Harper P.
A collaborative study of 'ink mist' in U.K. newspaper press-rooms
The printing of newspapers by the letterpress process produces a relatively stable aerosol composed of small droplets of printing ink. Gravimetric and optical methods of collecting and quantifying the ink mist are evaluated and are comparable and reproducible. Levels of ink mist in the press rooms are given in terms of typical benzo(a)pyrene (b(a)p) content (as a measure of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content), which ranged from 0.0052 to 0.018µg/m3. Methods for determining b(a)p in ink aerosols by thin-layer chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography are described.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 1983, Vol.27, No.2, p.127-135. Illus. 7 ref.
Peltonen L., Fräki J.
Prevalence of dichromate sensitivity
822 healthy volunteers were tested in Finland. 2% of the 410 men and 1.5% of the 412 women had a positive patch test reaction to 0.5% potassium dichromate in petrolatum. 10 of the 14 positive reactions occurred among the 110 offset printers, lithographers and printing plant cleaners, who were exposed occupationally to chromium. Eczema of the hand or face was present in 11 of the 14 subjects with a positive response. In 2981 clinic patients tested over 5 years, the result was positive in 6.8% of the men and 2.8% of the women. Industries with a rate of over 10% were: building, radio and TV, graphics, and leather. The rates were again much higher in subjects with occupational eczema of the hands.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1983, Vol.9, No.3, p.190-194. Illus. 18 ref.
Screen printing: prevention of accidents and poisoning
La sérigraphie: prévention des risques d'accidents et d'intoxication [in French]
Recall of techniques and products used in screen printing: binders (natural or synthetic resins), inorganic or organic pigments, solvents, thinners, fillers and other additives, detergents. Hazard evaluation: accidents with automated machinery, poisoning, fires, explosions. Preventive measures: inspection and maintenance of electrical equipment, installation of fire detection and alarm systems, fire-fighting equipment, machinery guarding, monitoring for airborne harmful substances, exhaust ventilation of pollutants, general ventilation. Different work phases are dealt with: screen preparation, ink preparation, printing, drying, screen cleaning and renewal.
Travail et sécurité, Oct. 1983, No.10, p.578-585. Illus.
Haberland W., Meyhak J.
Printing and paper
Druck und Papier [in German]
A loose-leaf collection of all the legislation currently in force in the Federal Republic of Germany with regard to the design, construction, installation and use of machines and processes in the printing and paper industry (especially the 1979 version of the law on safety engineering and the safety rules promulgated by the industrial mutual accident insurance associations). The updates contain alphabetical and numerical lists of applicable standards, list of testing institutions and their seals of approval, notifications of prohibition of dangerous materials, and the official list of MAC values. A section on international law contains Convention 119 and Recommendation 118 of the ILO, concerning machine safety, and EEC regulations on safe working methods and low-voltage work.
Band 1, Schriftenreihe Maschinenschutz, Deutscher Fachschriften-Verlag, Felsenstrasse 23, 6200 Wiesbaden-Dotzheim, Federal Republic of Germany, 12th, 13th and 14th updates, 1983. Vol.1 complete: 1700p. Price: DM.119.00.
Biological effects of mineral oil aerosols
Biologische Wirkung von Ölaerosolen [in German]
This report is a review of toxicological and epidemiological literature concerning the effects of oil mists generated from cutting and lubricating oils. Animal experiments have shown that droplet size is as important a determinant of effect as the source and composition of the oil. The epidemiologic data do not support the establishment of a threshold limit value, because they represent such a variety of oils and additives, as well as degradation products and impurities arising during machining of metals. However, the results of the animal experiments suggest 5mg/m3 as a maximum exposure level for pure oils.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz, Postfach 170202, 4600 Dortmund 17, Federal Republic of Germany, 1983. 48p. 68 ref. Price: DM.14.75.
National Board of Occupational Safety and Health (Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen)
Ordinance on machinery and equipment used in the graphic arts, with commentaries
Kungörelse om maskiner och annan utrustning för grafiskt arbete med kommentarer [in Swedish]
This regulation (effective 1 Apr. 1984, for machinery installed before this date: 1 Apr. 1989) sets the standards for the ergonomic design and for the safety of graphic arts equipment. It includes: definitions; word processing workstations (CRT display terminals, keyboards, light tables, lighting, copiers, plate etching equipment); printing presses (platen presses, cylinder presses); cutters (guillotines, circular shears); cutting-out and embossing platens; folders; staplers. Commentary describes and illustrates with numerous examples the protective devices.
LiberDistribution, 163 89 Stockholm, Sweden, 20 Sep. 1983. 23p. Illus.
(Comité central de coordination, Caisse nationale de l'assurance-maladie)
Gilding and embossing presses
Presses ŕ dorer et ŕ gaufrer [in French]
Recommendations adopted 23 Feb. 1983. They cover all enterprises using such presses (including used and older equipment), except enterprises in the hides and leather industry. General safety measures concern hazards of mechanical origin, falls, control of the machines, signals and signage, older equipment and good operating practice. Specific measures are applicable to hand presses (especially fly-presses) and motor-driven presses (for which it is recommended that the danger zone be rendered inaccessible by placement or guarding).
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygične du travail, 3rd quarter 1983, No.112, Note No.1445-112-83, p.417-420. Illus.
Study and solution of the problem of noise in rotary offset printing
Etude et recherche d'une solution au problčme du bruit aux rotatives offset d'une imprimerie [in French]
Review of the problems encountered in a printing shop which bought rotary offset equipment during the 1970s without recognising the noisiness of the equipment. After testing of various alternatives, installation of a specially designed enclosure (curtains of plastic sheeting) and improvements in materials handling resulted in a reduction of 18-23dBA in the ambient noise level. With the additional protection provided by individual protective equipment, no deterioriation in the audiograms of employees has been observed. The roles of occupational physicians and company management in arriving at the solution are emphasised; ergonomic considerations were important in the subsequent purchase of another offset press for the shop.
Cahiers de médecine du travail - Cahiers voor arbeidsgeneeskunde, 1983, Vol.22, No.1, p.67-70. Illus.
Guidelines for the use of ultra-violet, inks, varnishes and lacquers
These guidelines are intended to eliminate hazards during ultraviolet drying of printing materials. Covered are: ultraviolet radiation scatter; ozone; electrical safety; hazards of ink, lacquer or varnish; washing facilities and solvents; housekeeping. A list of chemicals which should not be used in ink formulations is given.
Society of Graphical and Allied Trades, 274-288 London Road, Hadleigh, Essex SS7 2DE, United Kingdom, Jan. 1982. 3p.
"Peak" impact-noise caused hearing damage among newspaper printers
Snabbt "peakljud" orsakade hörselskador vid tidningstryckeri [in Swedish]
A report on severe hearing damage in workers with long-term (20 years) exposure to printing machinery (peak hold sound levels of 122-130dB(A)).
Arbete - Människa - Miljö, 1982, No.1, p.27-30.
Conde-Salazar L., Romero Fuentes V., Guimaraens Juanena D., Martín Moreno L.
Allergic contact eczema in the graphic arts - Sensitivity to photopolymers (Letterflex)
Eczema alérgico de contacto en artes gráficas. Sensibilidad a fotopolímeros (Letterflex [in Spanish]
The Letterflex process is analysed with regard to the chemical exposures and the risks involved. Reactants used are 2,4-toluene diisocyanate and trimethylpropane diethyl ether, with the antioxidant 2,6-di-tert-butyl-p-methylphenol and the catalyst dibutyltin dilaurate. The resulting prepolymer is acted on by a polymerising agent, pentaerythritol tetrakis-3-mercaptopropionate (politiol). 3-Mercaptopropionic acid is used as hardener. In the clinical case described, the subject showed a positive patch test reaction to the prepolymer in concentrations of 0.1 and 1% and a negative reaction to politiol, which has been reported as being responsible for contact dermatitis elsewhere.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, Oct.-Dec. 1982, Vol.30, No.120, p.253-258. Illus. 10 ref.
Photography for safety
This data sheet describes the production and use of photographs and slides for safety promotion programmes. Contents: uses of photography (accenting reports, motivation and publicity, accidents, training); safety when taking photographs; equipment (cameras, accessories); still photography techniques (eliminating motion, lighting, exposure, composition); editing of photographs (layout, cutline, handling); legal considerations; motion pictures.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL. 60611, USA, 1982, 12p. Illus. 2 ref.
Seedorff L., Philipson Brandorff N., Milling Pedersen L., Vinter M., Brangstrup Hansen J.P., Schneider T., Wilhardt P.
Fotokopiering [in Danish]
Contents of this report: description of processes currently in use (xerography, etc.); evaluation, from the point of view of occupational hygiene, of some of the substances used or formed in these processes (photosensitive materials such as zinc oxide, 2,4,7-trinitrofluorenone, selenium, arsenic; pigments such as iron oxide, carbon black; binders such as styrene, methyl and butyl acrylates, glycidyl ethers, epichlorohydrin; ozone; iso-paraffins); occupational hygiene and medicine (exposure evaluation by concentration measurements, medical examinations, analysis of results); safety and health techniques (substitution of less harmful substances, enclosure, ventilation, filtration, noise control, ergonomics, cleaning and maintenance of machines); conclusions.
Arbejdstilsynet, Rosenvćngets Allé 16-18, 2100 Křbenhavn, Denmark, Aug. 1982. 34p. Illus. 65 ref. Price: Dan.cr.25.00.
Teiger C., Laville A., Boutin J., Etxezaharreta L., Pinsky L., See N., Theureau J.
Rotary printers - changing their working conditions
Les rotativistes - Changer les conditions de travail [in French]
This publication was written by researchers and edited by members of printers' unions. It presents the results of an ergonomic study conducted between 1977 and 1980 on the relationships between working conditions, state of health and mortality of workers at various daily newspapers. Although applied to rotary printers in this particular case, this type of study may be useful to workers in other trades. Chapters: I - opinions of rotary printers on their working conditions and the consequences of those conditions; state of health of the printers (sleeping and eating patterns, major health problems observed); II - evaluation of the number of deaths during active life and in retirement; III - specific features of the working environment (noise, vibration, dust and pollutants, physical workload and posture, temperature and ventilation, lighting and vision, windowless rooms) and ways of determining their consequences; IV - suggestions for improving working conditions (in the shop as a whole and at individual workstations).
Agence nationale pour l'amélioration des conditions de travail, 7 bd Romain-Rolland, 92128 Montrouge, France, 1982. 344p. Illus.
Friedlander B.R., Hearne F.T., Newman B.J.
Mortality, cancer incidence, and sickness absence in photographic processors: an epidemiologic study
Report of an epidemiological investigation of a 1964 cohort of 478 photographic processors in 9 colour print and processing laboratories. The workplace, processs and exposures are described and industrial hygiene data are given for chemicals used in the photographic processing operations. There was no significant excess mortality, sickness absence or cancer incidence. The processing cohort's mortality experience after 16 years of follow-up compared favourably with that of 2 industrial control populations.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Aug. 1982, Vol.24, No.8, p.605-613. Illus. 16 ref.
Printing and paper industry
Druck und Papier [in German]
This loose-leaf folder contains all the safety and health regulations in force in the Federal Republic of Germany concerning the design, construction, installation and use of machinery and equipment for the printing and paper industries (in particular, the Technical Safety Act, 1979, and the safety regulations issued by the German Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations - Berufsgenossenschaften). The 11th updating supplement contains lists of standards and technical rules, safety regulations and directives, a new list of test institutions (with their compliance marks) and notifications prohibiting certain hazardous materials. The texts of ILO Convention 119 and Recommendation 118 on machinery guarding are also reproduced.
Band 1, Schriftenreihe Maschinenschutz, Deutscher Fachschriften-Verlag, Felsenstrasse 23, 6200 Wiesbaden-Dotzheim, Federal Republic of Germany, 11th supplement, Sep. 1982, Vol.1 (whole book): 1470p. Price: DM.119.00.
Bćlun J., Andersen T., Mřlhave L.
Acute and subacute symptoms among workers in the printing industry
Report of a study of vision, respiratory, neurological and olfactory symptoms in 52 male printers exposed to a wide range of chemical, products including highly volatile organic solvents, and 52 controls. The printers had significantly more eye, respiratory and neurological (vision disorders, vertigo, headache) symptoms than controls and complained more frequently of abdominal pain and flatulence. The symptoms showed no relation to age or length of employment, but neurological and general symptoms were related to shift work. Although exposure levels of dust and organic solvents were well below required threshold values, symptom number and magnitude exceeded acceptable levels and the possibility of additive effects is suggested. It is proposed that use of the most toxic solvents be abandoned, that the total quantity of solvents be reduced, and that ventilation be improved.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 1982, Vol.39, No.1, p.70-75. Illus. 10 ref.
Work at VDUs and mental stress
Travail sur écran et charge mentale [in French]
Example of data logging and correcting in the printing industry. This study conducted in 3 printing firms showed the influence of work organisation on the operator's workload and stress, and revealed a relation between the degree of complexity of the texts and the operator's perceptive and sensory activities, and the role of the large number of codes used (these caused perturbation of the perceptive processes). Consequential health damage; recommendations concerning working conditions, codification systems, training and apprenticeship.
Revue de la sécurité, July-Aug. 1982, Vol.18, No.192, p.6-12. Illus.
Exposure to isophorone and other organic solvents in a screen printing plant
Sampling times of 50-90min were used to collect 124 charcoal tube samples from workers' breathing zones and various work areas and maximum mean time-weighted average concentrations (TWAC) of isophorone and cyclohexanone were 23 ±5.4ppm and 28 ±5ppm, respectively, at the breathing zones of printing press workers. Exposure levels for vapours such as cellosolve acetate, butyl acetate, xylenes, diacetone alcohol and petroleum distillate were also determined. Mean TWAC of personal samples were generally higher than area samples due to proximity of the solvent evaporating surfaces to the workers' breathing zones. Mean TWAC for individual vapours did not exceed OSHA limits. However, the sum of TWAC/TLV ratios of organic vapours with additive health effects exceeded unity at the breathing zones of workers handling inks and solvents. Actual 8h exposures were lower because of lower concentrations in the general atmosphere of the plant where workers spend non-active periods of the shift. Recommendations for improvement of working conditions and reduction of exposure levels.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1982, Vol.43, No.1, p.43-48. Illus. 9 ref.
Printing and paper industry
Druck und Papier [in German]
This loose-leaf folder contains all the safety and health regulations in force in the Federal Republic of Germany concerning the design, construction, installation and use of machinery and equipment for the printing and paper industries (in particular, the Technical Safety Act, 1979, and the safety regulations issued by the German Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations - Berufsgenossenschaften). The 10th updating supplement contains lists of prohibited dangerous equipment, testing establishments and new TLV's, and the text of safety regulations or directives on dry cleaning, chlorine, electrostatic-painting, hydrofluoric acid and silk-screen printing installations. The texts of ILO Convention 119 and Recommendation 118 on machinery guarding are also reproduced together with extracts from the ILO's Model Code of Safety Regulations.
Band 1, Schriftenreihe Maschinenschutz, Deutscher Fachschriften-Verlag, Felsenstrasse 23, 6200 Wiesbaden-Dotzheim, Federal Republic of Germany, 10th supplement, Jan. 1982, Vol.1 (whole book): 1680p. Price: DM.119.00.
Health and Safety Executive
Machine guarding in general printing
CFL Vision, P.O. Box 35, Wetherby LS23 7EX, United Kingdom, 1981. Videotape. Length: 38min. Tutors' notes. Price: GBP 28.68 (hire), GBP 85.10 (sale). ###
Forsberg K., Linnarson A., Olsson K.G., Sperling L.
Development of protective gloves. Work with solvents in intaglio and offset printing. Development of new products and new testing methods.
Utveckling av skyddshandskar. Arbete med lösningsmedel i djup- och offsettryck. Utveckling av nya produkter och ny provmetodik [in Swedish]
Description of a study of 17 types of safety gloves intended for use by printers working with solvents. Sections of the report cover: characteristics of various polymer materials used in safety gloves; permeability; hand grip when using safety gloves; comfort; requirements for glove last design; test methods (permeation studies, manual function and comfort evaluation, bending resistance); tests on combinations of new materials; new glove last designs; results of test measurements; conclusions and recommendations. The study was designed in such a way that it should constitute a project model for the development of safety gloves for other jobs. (English translation available from NIOSH, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA).
Ergolab, Renstiernas gata 12, 116 31 Stockholm, Sweden, November 1981. 104p. 61 ref. Illus.
Conde-Salazar L., Romero L., Guimaraens D.
Contact dermatitis in reprography workers
Dermatitis de contacto en trabajadores de reproducción de documentos [in Spanish]
Various methods of reprography (document reproduction) are described: wet processes with photosensitive paper (Verifax system); thermographic process (Thermofax system); electrostatic process (Xerox system); and the diazo method (Ozalid system). The possible allergens that may exist in these processes are described. A case of contact dermatitis due to diazodiethyl aniline in a diazo process worker is described.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, July-Sept. 1981, Vol.29, No.115, p.118-122. Illus. 17 ref.
Hypopigmentation from UV resin additive
Description of a case of occupational hypopigmentation of the forearm in a worker exposed to vapours of substances used in the printing industry. Patch tests of a quinone used as a polymerisation inhibitor in a UV-sensitive resin caused severe irritation.
Contact Dermatitis, Nov. 1981, Vol.7, No.6, p.289-292. 13 ref.
National Joint Technical Committee for the Publishing Industry, French Social Security Fund (Comité technique national des industries du livre, Caisse nationale de l'assurance-maladie)
Control of machinery and equipment noise in the book printing and publishing trade
Lutte contre le bruit des machines et équipements dans les industries du livre [in French]
Recommendations adopted 3 Nov. 1981. Guidelines for installation of new machinery and equipment (determination of layout and premises, criteria for choice of equipment, soundproofing enclosures), and in the case of existing plants where collective protection (diminution of noise level at source, prevention of propagation of airborne and structure-borne noise, and of air-waves) or personal protection (earplugs, earmuffs) can be organised.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygične du travail, 2nd quarter 1982, No.107, Note No.1381-107-82 (Recommendation No.203), p.291-293.
Angerer J., Behling K.
Occupational chronic exposure to organic solvents - IX. A method for the evaluation of limit values for parameters of body burden, e.g. by toluene
Chronische Lösungsmittelbelastung am Arbeitsplatz - IX. Ein Verfahren zur Evaluierung von Grenzwerten für Parameter der inneren Belastung am Beispiel der Toluolexposition [in German]
A method is proposed to evaluate limit values for establishing criteria of body burden, e.g. for the toluene blood level of exposed workers in the printing industry. A relation between body burden and exposure is calculated. The limit value for the toluene blood level is estimated to be 2.6mg/l. This method of evaluating limit values for biological criteria is thought to be suitable for many other harmful substances.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1981, Vol.48, No.2, p.137-146. Illus. 12 ref.
Gutewort T., Gartzke J., Pannier R.
Urinary hippuric acid excretion as an index of occupational toluene exposure
Die Hippursäureausscheidungsrate im Harn zur Bewertung einer beruflichen Toluolexposition [in German]
Description of research to assess the value of urinary hippuric acid as a biological index of toluene exposure in 13 print workers exposed solely to toluene. Mean toluene concentration in the respiratory zone was determined by gas chromatography and urinary hippuric acid by photometry. There was a significant linear correlation between the toluene concentration and urinary hippuric acid excretion. Discussion of the selectivity, specificity and ease of use of the hippuric acid screening method (thin-layer chromatography or densitometry) and of the validity of this biological exposure test (ability to discriminate between exposed and unexposed persons, normal range of hippuric acid values). Appendix: description of the method for determining urinary hippuric acid.
Zeitschrift für die gesamte Hygiene und ihre Grenzgebiete, Jan. 1981, Vol.27, No.1, p.57-63. Illus. 35 ref.
Kalimo R., Leppänen A., Seppälä P., Louhevaara V., Koskinen P.
Organisation of work, production technology and mental strain. A study of the printing industry
Työn organisointi, tuotantotekniikka ja psyykkinen kuormittavuus. Tutkimus graafisessa teollisuudessa [in Finnish]
The printing industry has undergone rapid technological advances in recent years, and questonnaire surveys and physiological measurements were used to evaluate the mental and physical stress imposed by these changes on 1,380 workers involved in 187 different tasks in 12 printing plants. The printing operation provided the most varied and demanding work whereas post-printing operations lacked variety and were repetitive. Problems associated with the use of VDU's were discussed. Job rotation was suggested as a means of relieving repetitiveness. Strong stress reactions or symptoms occurred in more than 20% of workers in some groups.
Työterveyslaitos, Helsinki, Finland, 1981. 235p. Illus. 22 ref.
Photocopiers and health hazards
Kopimaskiner og sundhedsfarer [in Danish]
A warning is given on the health hazards of chemicals in the toners used in xerography (carbon black with aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons and nitropyrenes, thermoplastic resins). Sections cover: routes of entry into the body; symptoms in photocopying workers (effects on mucous membranes, skin, lung function, nervous system; allergic effects; chronic effects); results of tests showing that toners contain mutagenic and carcinogenic substances; TLVs for these substances; effects of other substances in toners (epoxy resins, styrene); effects of ozone, organic solvents and selenium. Results of a questionnaire survey of exposed workers.
Aktionsgruppen Arbejdere Akademikere, c/o Benny Christensen, Arnesvej 44, 2700 Brřnshřj, Denmark, 1981. 26p. Illus. 10 ref. Price: Dkr.15.00.
Sokolov V.V., Arhipova O.G., Gribova I.A., Gubina N.B., Tongur A.M., Smirnova M.I., Sorkina N.S., Barsanovič E.A.
Functional and structural features of erythrocyte membranes in workers exposed to toluene
Strukturno-funkcional'nye osobennosti membran ėritrocitov pri vozdejstvii toluola [in Russian]
The blood toluene level in printing shop workers may be as high as 0.06mg% at the end of the working day. No symptoms of clinical toluene poisoning were observed; however, there was a change in the phospholipid concentration of erythrocyte membranes, a weakening of the bond between membrane constituents and impairment of membrane function. There was an increase in cell diameter, volume and surface area, a rise in osmotic resistance and a reduction in mean life from 65 to 56 days.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Jan. 1981, No.1, p.27-29. Illus. 7 ref.
Printing and paper industry
Druck und Papier [in German]
This loose-leaf folder contains all the safety regulations in force in the Federal Republic of Germany concerning the design, construction, installation and use of machinery and equipment for the printing and paper industries, in particular the Act respecting technical equipment in industry (as amended up to 1979), and the safety regulations issued by the Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations. This 9th updating supplement contains safety regulations on painting and on paper manufacture, and directives on the prevention of static electricity hazards. The texts of ILO Convention 119 and Recommendation 118 on the guarding of machinery and the ILO Model Code of Safety Regulations are also reproduced.
Band 1, Schriftenreihe Maschinenschutz, Deutscher Fachschriften-Verlag, Felsenstrasse 23, 6200 Wiesbaden-Dotzheim, Federal Republic of Germany, 9th supplement, 1981, Vol.1, complete publication: 1585p. Price: DM.119.00.
Rules for offset printing presses
Richtlinien über Offsetdruckmaschinen [in German]
Direttive concernenti le macchine per stampa offset [in Italian]
Rčgles relatives aux machines d'imprimerie offset [in French]
These rules apply to the construction, equipment and operation of offset printing presses. General requirements, special provisions on construction and equipment (inrunning nips, moving parts, access, safety devices, cut-out and stop devices), and on operation and maintenance. Illustrated commentary.
Caisse nationale suisse d'assurance en cas d'accidents, Luzern, Switzerland, 1981. 20p. Illus.
Printing and paper industry
Druck und Papier [in German]
This loose-leaf folder contains all the safety regulations in force in the Federal Republic of Germany concerning the design, construction, installation and use of machinery and equipment for the printing and paper industries, in particular the Act respecting technical equipment in industry (as amended up to 1979), and the safety regulations issued by the Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations (Berufsgenossenschaften). The 8th updating supplement contains the preamble, with background information, to the Act respecting technical equipment in industry and its administrative regulations, a list of test institutions and standard compliance markings (in conformity with directives of the Commission of the European Communities), new TLVs, directives for laboratory construction and laboratory work, and safety rules for roller coating machines. The texts of Convention 119 and Recommendation 118 of the ILO are also reproduced, together with extracts from the Model Code of Safety Regulations prepared by the ILO.
Band 1, Schriftenreihe Maschinenschutz, Deutscher Fachschriften-Verlag, Felsenstrasse 23, 6200 Wiesbaden-Dotzheim, Federal Republic of Germany, 8th supplement, Apr. 1981, Vol.1, whole book: 1620p. Price: DM.119.00.
Ministry of Mechanical Engineering (Ministerium für Werkzeug- und Verarbeitungsmaschinen)
Machines used in the printing industry [German Democratic Republic]
Polygraphische Maschinen [in German]
Part 1 of this standard lays down general safety requirements (walkways, ladders, removable machine parts, machine guarding, controls); Part 4 contains safety and machine guarding rules for printing machines (movement of paper, speed of paper, safety rules in case of breakdown, explosion protection).
Staatsverlag der DDR, Bereich Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, June 1980. 7p.
Kempe H., Meister A., Seeber A.
Psychological studies of the acute effects of exposure to toluene
Psychologische Untersuchungen zur akuten Wirkung von Toluolexposition [in German]
Changes in ability to work, working capacity and psycho-physical sensation after 8h toluene exposure were studied by psychological tests on 24 male printing workers. Definition of the problem; description of exposure conditions, methods used and results obtained. Test results showed an insignificant tendency towards prolongation of reaction and search times and increased error rates. Conclusion: in the conditions of exposure studied, psychological changes are of a minor nature.
Zeitschrift für die gesamte Hygiene und ihre Grenzgebiete, 5 May 1980, Vol.26, No.5, p.313-317. Illus. 22 ref.
Guérin F., Pavard B., Duraffourg J.
Work at VDUs in newspaper printing works
Le travail sur terminal ŕ écran dans les imprimeries de presse. [in French]
Synthesis of results of a study carried out in regional newspaper printing shops (3 of which were retained) and under laboratory conditions. Introduction (historical background); review of working conditions encountered (work organisation methods, regional characteristics of newspapers, occupational background and age of operators, hours of work and work schedules); review of psycho-physiological aspects of vision. The greater part of this book is devoted to ocular activity (duration and changes in direction of eye movements) and associated workload depending on distribution of tasks of data logging and making corrections, type of text and synthetical characteristics, way in which the keyboard is used in making corrections, length of service and professional background, codification. A chapter is devoted to physical measurements of lighting environment.
Coll. de phys. du trav. et d'erg. du CNAM, No.61. Laboratoire de physiologie du travail et d'ergonomie du C.N.A.M., 41 rue Gay-Lussac, 75005 Paris, France, no date. 219p. Illus. 61 ref.
Kirchner J.H., Thiele W.
Microclimate evaluation in practice
Klimabeurteilung in der Praxis [in German]
Review of the possibilities and principles of microclimate evaluation and introduction to a study of their practical application in a printing and drying shop for sheet metal for tinned food and drink cans, where several drying ovens were in operation. Specification of effective temperatures, microclimate values admitted as comfortable, and permissible limits. Description of microclimate evaluation procedure: measurements of thermal environment values, determination of body workload, establishment of climatic limits for the range of jobs to be performed in the metal printing shop. Values in excess of tolerable limits were frequently recorded in summer, but without apparent health injury. Proposed preventive measures: forced ventilation, insulating screens, new ultra-violet drying methods, workbreaks taken in cooler premises.
REFA Nachrichten, 1980, Vol.33, No.2, p.101-106. Illus. 14 ref.
Harmful chemical substances in the printing industry
Chemische Schadstoffe in der polygrafischen Industrie [in German]
Part 1: occupational hygiene aspects (exposure, analysis, TLVs, synergism, allergenicity, carcinogenicity). Part 2: review of harmful substances used in the printing industry: substances harmful to the skin, lead, acids and bases, organic solvents (especially benzene), allergens, carcinogens. Health engineering aspects; preventive medicine.
Papier und Druck, 1980, Vol.29, No.4, p.54-56 and No.7, p.100-104. 22 ref.
Chemicals in the printing industry.
Data sheets (formula, flashpoint, TLV, hazards, precautions, first aid, spillage and waste disposal, fire and explosion, storage, regulations, applying, sources of information) are given for 111 substances with introductory material on: relevant legislation; effects of exposure on the body; hazards of organic solvents, acids, photographic and platemaking chemicals, inks; safe methods of storing, handling and use; personal protection; first aid.
British Printing Industries Federation, 11 Bedford Row, London WC1R 4DX, United Kingdom, Apr. 1980. 176p. Price: Ł12.00.
Paganini-Hill A., Glazer E., Henderson B.E., Ross R.K.
Cause-specific mortality among newspaper web pressmen.
1361 workers were studied. Overall mortality was similar to that expected. There was a significant excess of deaths due to leukaemia and kidney cancer, as well as to cirrhosis of the liver.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Aug. 1980, Vol.22, No.8, p.542-544. 28 ref.
Björkner B., Dahlquist I., Fregert S.
Allergic contact dermatitis from acrylates in ultraviolet curing inks.
6 cases are reported from 4 printing plants. Contact allergy occurred to the multifunctional acrylate monomers pentaerythritol triacrylate and trimethylolpropane triacrylate, and to the epoxy acrylate and polyesteracrylate prepolymers. There were no reactions to bisphenol A dimethacrylate or to trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate.
Contact Dermatitis, Oct. 1980, Vol.6, No.6, p.405-409. 9 ref.
Occupational cancer in the printing industry.
This trade union document highlights controversial aspects of the problem. It discusses the distinctive nature of cancer; occupational factors in cancer development; prevention of occupational cancer; cancer in the printing industry; detecting carcinogens; cancer policies. A list of known or suspected carcinogens is appended.
Research brief No.1, National Graphical Association, 63-67 Bromham Road, Bedford MK40 2AG, United Kingdom, June 1980. 17p. 5 ref.
Haberland W., Schmidt L., Schmidt A.
Printing and paper industry
Druck und Papier [in German]
This loose-leaf folder contains all the safety regulations in force in the Federal Republic of Germany concerning the design, construction, installation and use of machinery and equipment for the printing and paper industries, in particular the Act respecting technical equipment in industry (as amended up to 1979), and the safety regulations issued by the Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations. The 7th revision contains the text of the introduction (with background material) to the Safety Engineering Act and its subsidiary legislation (Administrative Ordinances), a list of approved test laboratories with their identification signs, a list of standards in force, and the new texts of regulations respecting chlorinated hydrocarbons, electrical installations, electrical installations for explosive atmospheres, pressure-jet apparatus, and organic peroxides. The texts of ILO Convention 119 and Recommendation 118 on the guarding of machinery and the ILO Model Code of Safety Regulations are also reproduced.
Band 1, Schriftenreihe Maschinenschutz, Deutscher Fachschriften-Verlag, Felsenstrasse 23, 6200 Wiesbaden-Dotzheim, Federal Republic of Germany, 7th revision, Oct. 1980, Vol.1, whole book: 1590p. Price: DM.119.00.
Mäki-Paakkanen J., Husgafvel-Pursiainen K., Kalliomäki P.L., Tuominen J., Sorsa M.
Toluene-exposed workers and chromosome aberrations.
Peripheral blood lymphocytes from 32 rotogravure workers with daily toluene exposure were studied for chromosome aberrations and sister chromatid exchanges. Frequencies were not significantly different from those in 15 control subjects. There was a significant increase in sister chromatid exchanges in smokers of both groups as compared with non-smokers.
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, July 1980, Vol.6, No.4, p.775-781. 9 ref.
Selway M.D., Allen R.J., Wadden R.A.
Ozone production from photocopying machines.
Ten photocopying machines were tested for ozone emissions. All but one produced detectable amounts. Concentrations at the operator's breathing zone varied from <4 to 300µ/m3, corresponding to an emission rate of <1-54µ/copy. Servicing reduced emissions to less than 1-4µg/copy, but pre-servicing levels were reached again after several weeks of operation.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, June 1980, Vol.41, No.6, p.455-459. 7 ref.
Schmidt L., Schmidt A.
Printing and paper industry
Druck und Papier [in German]
This loose-leaf folder contains all the safety regulations in force in the Federal Republic of Germany concerning the design, construction, installation and use of machinery and equipment for the printing and paper industries, in particular the Act respecting technical equipment in industry (as amended up to 1979), and the safety regulations issued by the Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations. The 6th updating supplement contains lists of standards and rules, the text of the ordinance concerning the guarding of electrical machinery and equipment, a list of competent test laboratories and the new list of TLVs. The texts of Convention 119 and Recommendation 118 of the ILO are also reproduced, together with extracts from the Model Code of Safety Regulations prepared by the ILO.
Band 1, Schriftenreihe Maschinenschutz, Deutscher Fachschriften-Verlag, Felsenstrasse 23, 6200 Wiesbaden-Dotzheim, Federal Republic of Germany, 6th supplement, Jan. 1980, Vol.1, whole book: 1500p. Price: DM.99.00.
Ascorbic acid in the prevention of chromium dermatitis.
A worker with strong Cr sensitivity handling freshly printed paper with inks containing Cr suffered severe hand dermatitis. A solution of 10% ascorbic acid applied to his hands during the work day reduced the active hexavalent Cr to the inactive trivalent form. This inexpensive, easy-to-use method resulted in speedy recovery of the dermatitis.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Jan. 1980, Vol.22, No.1, p.51-52. 9 ref.
Council of Europe, Committee of Ministers
Resolution on the design, construction and use of guillotines in the paper and printing industries
Résolution concernant la conception, la construction et l'emploi des massicots droits utilisés dans l'industrie du papier et des arts graphiques [in French]
Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 13 Sept. 1979, this resolution specifies the provisions it recommends the 7 States parties to the Partial Agreement (Belgium, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands and United Kingdom) and the Government of Austria, should bear in mind in drawing up their regulations on the use of guillotines defined in the text. The provisions apply to guillotines designed for cutting reams or piles of sheets of paper or other soft materials and used in the paper and printing industries, but not to multiple-knife guillotines or guillotines incorporated in automated production lines. Sections deal with: description and operation; general design and construction of guillotines; control mechanisms; safety devices (dual hand controls, beam guards, mobile guard devices, mobile guard screens); specifications for electrical circuits, pneumatic controls and hydraulic circuits; general provisions; checking, inspection and testing; repairs and maintenance.
Direction de la presse et de l'information, 67006 Strasbourg Cedex, France, 1980. 7p.
Manual handling accidents and falls from height in the printing and bookbinding industry
Les accidents de manutention manuelle et de dénivellation dans l'industrie du livre. [in French]
Communication to the Joint Regional Technical Committee for the Chemicals Industry (Comité technique régional des industries chimiques), Lille, France. Contents: machines used in the book industry (printing machines, presses, cutting machines, waste paper processing machines); statistics of manual handling accidents and falls from heights; causes and prevention of manual handling accidents (preparatory work on production machinery; feeding sheets or webs into machines; handling of finished products and waste materials); causes and prevention of falls (stairways, storage premises, workplace floorboards, access to overhead parts of machines, fixed ladders, overhead walkways).
Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie du Nord de la France, 11 boulevard Vauban, Boîte postale 3008, 59014 Lille Cedex, France, 9 Oct. 1979. 21p. Illus. Gratis.
Sengel D., Khelladi A., Foussereau J.
Occupational allergy to diazo paper in the textile industry
Allergie professionnelle au papier diazo dans l'industrie textile [in German]
Allergie professionnelle au papier diazo dans l'industrie textile. [in French]
A case of allergic eczema in a textile industry worker in contact with diethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride in diazo paper used for ultraviolet light copying is reported. The diazo paper was being used for production of patterns.
Dermatosen in Beruf und Umwelt, 1979, Vol.27, No.6, p.178-179. Illus. 5 ref.
Gunnarsson E., Söderberg I.
Visual display work in newspaper printing offices - Visual ergonomics inventory
Arbete vid textskärmar pĺ tidningsföretag - En synergonomisk inventering [in Swedish]
Contents of this report: development of computer-assisted tasks and consequences of the introduction of this technology; work presenting eye strain; layout of workplaces and work organisation; visual stress and eye disturbances (legibility of characters); distance and angle of vision; work spectacles and vision tests (poor adaptation for bifocal lens wearers); duration of work at terminal and work breaks (recommendations of the Swedish Board for Occupational Safety and Health).
Undersökningsrapport 1979:21, Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1979. 39p. Illus. 34 ref.
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