Metalworking industry - 770 entries found
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Health and Safety Executive
Safeguarding of combination metalworking machines
Contents of this data sheet: hazards and risks of combination metalworking machines; general safeguarding and specific requirements for punching, notching, shearing, cropping and bending; emergency stop; operator training.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury CO10 6FS, Suffolk, United Kingdom, Mar. 1994. 4p. Illus. 4 ref.
Coggon D., Inskip H., Winter P., Pannett B.
Lobar pneumonia: An occupational disease in welders
Analysis of occupational mortality data for England and Wales showed that mortality from pneumonia was consistently raised in welders aged 15-64; the increased risk was attributable mainly to an excess of pneumococcal and unspecified lobar pneumonia. A possible explanation of these findings is that welding fume reversibly increases the susceptibility of the lung to pneumonic infection. There are grounds for lobar pneumonia to be considered an occupational disease in welders. Comment on this report (page 4-5 of the same journal) considers that increased mortality from lobar pneumonia may occur in several metal trades and there is insufficient evidence to discriminate among specific job titles.
Lancet, 2 July 1994, Vol.344, No.8914, p.41-43. 17 ref.
Attitudes towards prevention of low back disorders in industry
A questionnaire survey was carried out among clerical and manual employees to determine their experience of low back pain and their attitudes towards suggested measures for its prevention. Opinions towards preventive measures were positive in both groups. Measures such as daily training of back and abdominal muscles, straightening the back during awkward postures, increasing physical exercise during leisure time and increased information about the structure and loading of the back were considered more effective than measures involving changes at work or passive rehabilitation. Attitudes became more negative with increasing age and with reported experience of low back pain.
Occupational Medicine, May 1994, Vol.44, No.2, p.83-86. Illus. 14 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Skin creams and skin protection in the engineering sector
This information sheet provides guidance on precautions to be taken to avoid the risk of skin diseases in employees exposed to substances that may adversely affect their skin. The level of protection offered by both pre-work and after-work creams is described along with other methods for reducing the risk of skin diseases. Guidance is also given on maintaining a healthy skin.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury CO10 6FS, Suffolk, United Kingdom, 1994. 2p. 6 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
These four booklets provide guidance on safe working practices for metalworking fluids. Contents: health risks of metalworking fluids (irritation, dermatitis, breathing difficulties, skin cancer); legal requirements; responsibilities of employers and employees; health surveillance programmes (appointment and duties of a responsible person, skin inspections, detection of lung problems); aspects of good machine design; good practice for minimizing health risks. A wallchart summarizing the guidelines is included.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury CO10 6FS, Suffolk, United Kingdom, 1994. 4 booklets: 12p, 8p, 16p, 8p. + poster. 10 ref.
Check list for mechanical engineering firms
Checklista för företag med mekanisk bearbetning [in Swedish]
This safety check list designed for engineering workshops includes 131 questions covering the following areas: incoming goods and stock rooms; machines in general; tools; milling cutters; turning lathes; drills; presses; cutting machines; grinding machines; cutting fluids; degreasing in general; degreasing with bases; degreasing with solvents; assembly; other questions.
Arbetarskyddsnämnden, Box 3208, 103 64 Stockholm, Sweden, 1993. 15p.
Guillotine shears [Sweden]
Gradsaxar [in Swedish]
This amendment of regulation AFS 1990:5 (CIS 94-1472) was adopted on 25 November 1993 and is an adaptation of EEC Directive 89/392/EEC (CIS 89-1442). It covers: modifications regarding its applicability.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, Box 1300, 171 25 Solna, Sweden, 1993. 3p.
Mirbod S.M., Tambara K., Fujita S., Yoshida H., Nagata C., Komura Y., Inaba R., Iwata H.
Survey on noise exposure level in an aluminium can manufacturing plant
This study was designed to quantify noise exposure of labourers at various sections of an aluminium can production plant: cupping press, drawing press, printing, inside spray coating, control room. The spectral analysis of noise indicated that high levels of noise associated with high frequency noise exceeded the permissible limit against hearing damage (85dB(A)), and it generally amounted to levels higher than 90dB(A), whereas noise levels inside the control rooms were in the range of 54-60.5dB(A). The A-weighted equivalent continuous noise exposure levels (dB(A)) during an 8h shift were mostly higher than the prescribed limit. By preliminary audiometric examinations on the right ears of workers hearing threshold shifts were noticed in the range of 7-11dB at 1kHz and 12-16dB at 4kHz. The speech interference levels for workers at different section were between 93.2 and 96.5dB(A) and higher than the maximum vocal efforts.
Industrial Health, 1993, Vol.31, No.1, p.1-12. Illus. 19 ref.
Recent developments in the metal trades
L'évolution récente dans les industries mécaniques [in French]
Report prepared by the Sectoral Activities Programme of the International Labour Office (ILO) as a basis for discussion at the 13th Session of the ILO Metal Trades Committee, 12-20 January 1994. Part I reviews some of the main recent trends and developments in the metal trades sector, including working conditions, hours of work, effects of new forms of production organization on working conditions, and safety and health effects of advanced technology. International comparisons in the automobile industry are included. Part 2 covers action taken in various countries following resolutions adopted at previous sessions of the Committee. Part 3 reviews ILO action.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genčve 22, Switzerland, 1993. vi, 161p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 25.00.
Iron- and metal transformation industry
Jern- og metal industrien [in Danish]
Volume No.2 of a series of monographs covering occupational safety and health in all sectors of the Danish economy. It covers the metal industry. The major work environmental problems in this sector are accidents, noise exposure, chemical substances, ergonomical issues. The sector has reported a relatively large number of occupational injuries.
Direktoratet for Arbejdstilsynet, Landskronagade 33-35, 2100 Křbenhavn Ř, Denmark, 1993. 80p. 32 ref. Price: DKK 100.00.
Metal sheet slitting lines
Lignes de refendage de bobines métalliques [in French]
Designed primarily for occupational risk prevention staff, management staff in user firms and manufacturers, this technical safety data sheet examines workplace risks on metal sheet slitting lines and means of preventing them. This type of machinery is used in the metal working industry, often as a secondary activity. Contents include: function, description and classification of the machinery concerned (main machines, auxiliary machines); use (slitting line operation and hazards); regulations (general texts, noise regulations); prevention and protection (principles, means of prevention at the level of the machines and other equipment, noise protection); training and information of staff.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygične du travail, 2nd Quarter 1993, No.151, Note No.1919-151-93, p.191-209. Illus. 37 ref. Also available in a separate booklet from INRS, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France (ISBN 2-7389-0277-4)
Niklasson B., Björkner B., Sundberg K.
Contact allergy to a fatty acid ester component of cutting fluids
Six patients employed in the metalworking industry developed hand dermatitis after exposure to a vegetable-oil based cutting fluid. After thorough investigation, including patch testing with components in the cutting fluid as well as an oil and cutting fluid series, contact allergy was demonstrated to a fatty acid ester EM-550 in the cutting fluid.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1993, Vol.28, No.5, p.265-267. 7 ref.
Nordic Council of Ministers
Powder metallurgy and advanced technical ceramics: Occupational hazards and toxicity of selected compounds
Topics: borides; carbides; carcinogenic effects; ceramic fibres; ceramic powders; health hazards; list of chemical substances; literature survey; manufacturing processes; metallic oxides; metals; nitrides; pneumoconiosis; powder metallurgy; respirable dust; respiratory diseases; sensitization; toxic substances.
National Institute of Occupational Health, Lersř Parkallé 105, 2100 Křbenhavn Ř, Denmark, 1992. 36p. Illus. 124 ref.
Exposure to substances hazardous to health
This training package is aimed at experienced departmental managers in large engineering companies. Its aim is to develop confidence in managers to carry out primary risk assessment and to provide practical experience in tackling risk assessment problems. It covers occupational health problems, general background to legal requirements, the management of risk from substances hazardous to health, outline of methodology of risk assessment and practical risk assessment exercises.
Aston University, Health and Safety Unit, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET, United Kingdom, . Training package (1-day training session). ###
European codes for pressure vessels. A comparative study. Report
Codes européens des appareils ŕ pression - Etude comparative - Rapport [in French]
Comparative study of construction codes for pressure vessels, in particular for the following countries: France (CODAP, together with AFNOR standards); Germany (AD-Merkblatt, with DIN standards); UK (B.S. 5500, with BS standards).
Centre technique des industries mécaniques (CETIM), 52, avenue Félix-Louat, B.P. 67, 60304 Senlis Cedex, France, 1992. vi, 66p. 8 ref.
Weber W.G., Oesterreich R.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz
Guide for improving the conditions of work with computer-assisted numerically controlled machines
Leitfaden zur Verbesserung der Arbeitsbedingungen an CNC-Maschinen [in German]
Mental work is as much a part of the duties of operators of computer-assisted numerically controlled machine tools as is heavy work. For example, they are required to lift and carry heavy equipment as well as to test new numerical control programmes. They have to deal with interruptions of work involving concentration and with contradicting instructions. Recommendations for improving the conditions of work and work organisation for a number of practical situations are presented.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, Am Alten Hafen 113-115, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1992. 220p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 41.00.
Castillón Uribe J.M., García Anadón J.A., Muňoz Pueyo R., Tovares Uceda J.L.
Occupational risks in automobile-repair workshops
Riesgos profesionales en talleres de reparación de vehículos [in Spanish]
A study to investigate the occupational risks in the automobile repair sector was carried out in Spain in 1989-90 by the Spanish National Institute of Safety and Health. A summary of the progress report is presented. The study involved 6,103 workers in 456 enterprises. Particular areas studied were: fire prevention; electrical equipment; generation and distribution of compressed air. Preventive measures are provided in all three of these areas. Most significant risks include: flying particles, explosions, fires and falls. Posture at work in relation to the task performed is also discussed. Most significant health risks include: noise exposure, inhalation of hazardous fumes and particles, and contact with hazardous substances such as solvents.
Salud y trabajo, 1992, No.92, p.4-14. Illus.
de Koning A., de Jong G., van Tol K.Y., Kres R.J.
Inventory of measures for reducing exposure to toxic substances in the metal products industry
Inventarisatie van maatregelen ter beperking van de blootstelling aan toxische stoffen in de metaalproduktenindustrie [in Dutch]
The results are presented of a study on measures for reducing emission of hazardous substances in the metal products industry (in a previous study the processes and activities resulting in the highest exposure risks had been identified). For each production process possibilities for health and safety measures are presented. The processes are: soldering and brazing; cutting; surface treatment; machining. Furthermore, a list of general health and safety measures applicable to all production processes is given.
Directorate-General of Labour (Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 90804, 2509 LV Den Haag, Netherlands, 1992. 106p. 102 ref.
Liver enzymes among microelectronics equipment maintenance technicians
Equipment maintenance workers within the microelectronics industry have opportunities for occupational exposure to a variety of toxic agents. This pilot investigation compares liver enzymes in this population with that of other co-workers. Participants (n=135) were randomly selected from a medical surveillance programme at the manufacturing facility. Nine job categories were examined, including equipment maintenance workers and electronic technicians. Abnormal liver enzymes were detected among equipment maintenance workers (n=8; odds ratio 16.4; p<.008) and electronic technicians (n=10; odds ratio 27; p<.0005). The data suggest that independent and/or interactive aetiologic roles of occupation and alcohol should be further investigated. Early detection of subclinical occupational or recreational hepatotoxicity with appropriate employment of industrial hygiene control technology and/or the reduction of alcohol consumption may provide a means of preventing liver disease.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Apr. 1992, Vol.34, No.4, p.384-390. 31 ref.
Kolarzyk E., Gałuszka Z., Pach J., Szczeklik J., Targosz D.
Comparison of results derived from follow-up examination of respiratory systems in chosen groups of metallurgists
In a 16.5-year follow-up study of the steel industry the relationship of chronic occupational exposure to changes in ventilatory efficiency and to the incidence of chronic bronchitis (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - COPD) in a group of 65 men working in the environment of a Coking Plant (CP) was investigated. The reference group comprised 34 employees of Cold Rolling Mill (CRM) working in favourable hygienic conditions. Faster declines of VC and FEV1 were noted in the CP workers than among the controls. In addition the frequency of abnormal values of Total Respiratory Resistance was significantly higher (p≤ 0.001) in the exposed group. The incidence of COPD increased more in the group of CP than in the controls. There were no differences in the annual decline of FEV1 and VC between smokers and nonsmokers in the CP workers while in the control group the differences between smoking categories were significant. This suggests that the influence of occupational exposure is so strong that it can mask the unfavourable influence of cigarette smoking on the ventilatory function of men working in a Coking Plant.
Polish Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 1991, Vol.5, No.2, p.129-137. Illus. 17 ref.
Gómez Oliver A.I., Martín-Montalvo Recio A., Sánchez Ramos E., Rodríguez Rodríguez J.M.
Occupational risks in workshops and production of metallic goods (I-Summary of the Report; II-Manual electric arc welding)
Riesgos profesionales en talleres de fabricación de artículos metálicos - I-Resumen del informe; II-Soldadura eléctrica manual al arco [in Spanish]
A study to investigate the occupational risks in the production of metallic goods was carried out in Spain in 1989 by the National Safety and Health Institute. Part I is a report on the study involving 1,744 work processes and 2,221 work tasks in 211 enterprises. Major risks were: being hit by projected particles; machine-caused injuries; noise; inhalation of welding fumes and iron oxide. After concluding that safety and hygiene conditions and prevention are in general inadequate in this sector, preventive guidelines are proposed. Part II deals with the particular hazards of electric arc welding. Detailed statistics on sources of risk and extent of exposure to them by workers.
Salud y trabajo, 1992, No.91, p.4-20. Illus.
Centro de Experimentación y Seguridad Vial (MAPFRE, Avila, Spain)
Personal protection for sheet-metal workers and autobody repairmen
La protección personal del chapista o reparador de carrocerías [in Spanish]
This article examines the most common operations carried out in car-body repairwork, the inherent risks involved in each operation and the protective measures, in particular personal protection, to be adopted for each case. The different operations covered are: cutting and disassembly of parts; sanding; welding; metal stretching; glass repair and replacement. It is essential to provide sheet-metal workers with the necessary information and training on equipment, methods and protection measures.
Mapfre seguridad, 2nd Quarter 1992, No.46, p.11-17. Illus.
Selikoff I.J., Lilis R.
Radiological abnormalities among sheet-metal workers in the construction industry in the United States and Canada: Relationship to asbestos exposure
Possible adverse health effects on sheet-metal workers who had past exposure to asbestos were investigated. A cross-sectional medical examination of 1,330 workers was conducted during 1986-87 in 7 cities in the US and Canada. A total of 1,016 workers had been employed for at least 35y in the industry, and the mean duration from onset of asbestos exposure was 39.5y (SD = 7.41y). Chest X-ray abnormalities were found in more than half of the group. Pleural fibrosis, the most frequently found abnormality, was present in 47.0% and was the only abnormality found in 27.8% of cases; parenchymal interstitial fibrosis, found in 33.1%, was the only abnormality found in 16.2% of cases. Radiologic abnormalities increased as duration of exposure increased. Few persons had marked shortness of breath, and approximately one-third had slight dyspnoea. In the past, construction sheet-metal workers have apparently been significantly exposed to asbestos on the job. Every effort should be made to minimize the anticipated serious health consequences, and further asbestos exposure for those who continue in this trade should be avoided.
Archives of Environmental Health, Jan.-Feb. 1991, Vol.46, No.1, p.30-36. 19 ref.
Werkgroep verkenning metaalproduktenindustrie
Survey of the working conditions in the metal products industry
Verkenning arbeidsomstandigheden metaalproduktenindustrie [in Dutch]
Survey of the health and safety problems in the metal-products industry in the Netherlands, as well as of issues in workers' welfare. Common health and safety concerns were observed in connection with various production techniques, such as: casting in foundries, surface treatment, welding and brazing. Specific health risks include: hazardous noise levels, heavy physical workloads and working overtime. Attention is also given to the role of various organisations in this sector (such as employers' organisations, trade unions and the Labour Inspectorate) that might influence working conditions.
Directorate-General of Labour (Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 90804, 2509 LV Den Haag, Netherlands, 1991. 99p. Illus. 29 ref.
Beumer P.F.M., Musson J.H.M.M.
Working conditions in the metal industry - Survey of the main problems with respect to exposure to noise, vibration, gases, vapours and dust
Arbeidsomstandigheden in de metaalindustrie - Overzicht van de voornaamste knelpunten wat betreft de blootstelling aan geluid, trillingen, gassen, dampen en stof [in Dutch]
In this report the results are presented of a survey of the literature on the working environment in the metalworking industry. An inventory is presented on the major problems in occupational health and safety, with special attention to the following aspects: noise, vibration and exposure to gases, vapours and dust. After a general section with information on problems occurring in several branches of the industry (such as cleaning, maintenance and in-plant transport), attention is given to health and safety problems specific to the metalworking industry, such as: steel production, casting, pressing and punching, welding, riveting, surface treatment (cleaning, electroplating). Appropriate health and safety measures are presented.
Directorate-General of Labour (Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 90804, 2509 LV Den Haag, Netherlands, 1991. 147p. Illus. 142 ref.
Working with industrial lasers: Exploratory study of safety and health hazards during the use of lasers in metalworking
Werken met industriële lasers: een verkennende studie naar veiligheids- en gezondheidsaspecten bij werken met lasers voor materiaalbewerking [in Dutch]
Report on a study of the safety and health risks of working with high-energy lasers used in the metalworking industry. The major hazards are: the laser beam (radiation effects); laser equipment (high-voltage electric current, gases and fluids at various temperatures, fluids and gases under pressure, radiation, toxic substances); work processes (spattering parts, hot workpieces). Attention is also given to: standards for maximum levels of radiation from lasers; appropriate preventive measures.
Directorate-General of Labour (Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 90804, 2509 LV Den Haag, Netherlands, 1991. 85p. Illus. 46 ref.
Strategy for the improvement of working conditions in the metal products industry
Strategie metaalprodukenindustrie [in Dutch]
A strategy is proposed by the Dutch Directorate-General of Labour for an improvement of working conditions in the metal products industry. After a short survey of the health and safety problems in the industry, the proposed strategy is presented under three headings: self-initiated activity (stimulating employers and employees to accept responsibility within the framework of the Working Environment Act); source management (promoting the use of worker-friendly machines and materials, promoting optimal work-station layout, and promoting the use of safe methods of work); maintaining standards (monitoring compliance with legislative provisions through the activities of the Labour Inspectorate and when necessary enforcing compliance).
Directorate-General of Labour (Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 90804, 2509 LV Den Haag, Netherlands, 1991. 26p. Illus.
Asensio Fernández-Castanys F, Gómez Olivier A.I., Martín Montalvo A., Sánchez Ramos E., Urbieta Garagorri M.
Manufacture of structural metal products - I. Occupational risks; II. Occupatonal accidents; III. Material risk-producting agents; IV. Cutting fluids used
Fabricación de productos metálicos estructurales - I. Riesgos profesionales; II. Accidentes de trabajo; III. Agentes materiales causantes de riesgo; IV. Fluidos de corte empleados [in Spanish]
Part I summarises the study on occupational risks in the manufacture of structural metal products, carried out by the Spanish National Safety and Hygiene Institute in 1988-89. This study involved 1,401 work processes and 2,975 work tasks in 207 enterprises. Most significant risks include: being hit by flying particles, noise exposure, inhalation of welding fumes and iron oxide, and electrical contact in electrical welding. Part II analyses the occupational accidents occurring in Spain in this sector in 1988. Accidents are classified into trivial, serious and fatal, in terms of different parameters such as: month and day of the week in which accidents occurred; size of the enterprise; age, length of service, and type of contract of the accident victim; type and cause of accident; type of injury. Part III deals with the particular risks of grinding machines as a hazardous material agent. Part IV examines the use of cutting fluids in this sector and the preventive measures taken. Recommendations on prevention are included in each part.
Salud y trabajo, 1991, No.85, p.4-36. Illus.
Machine shop safety
Videotape useful for the training of workers in the basics of safety precautions in machine shop work. Contents: inherent dangers of machine shops; good work practices; elementary safety precautions (proper clothing, removal of ties and watches during work, wearing of hair nets, use of personal protective equipment); good work postures, particularlry when lifting loads; work area hazads; machinery hazards (mechanical, chemical, electrical). This videotape is part of the series Mechanical Maintenance Training by Tel-A-Train.
Tel-A-Train Inc., 309 N. Market Street, P.O. Box 4752, Chattanooga, TN 37405, USA, 1991. Videotape (NTSC, PAL). Length: 20min.
Health and Safety Executive
Metalworking fluids - Health precautions
Contents of this guidance note: types of metalworking fluids and their components and means of application; health effects (acne, skin cancer, dermatitis, breathing difficulties); microbial growth and nitrosamine formation in metalworking fluids; legal requirements; prevention of exposure; processes and engineering controls; protective clothing and equipment; personal hygiene; maintenance of control measures; monitoring; health surveillance; first aid; information, instruction and training. An appendix describes a method for the measurement of oil mist in air.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, Nov. 1991. 11p. 28 ref. Price: GBP 2.00.
Gallagher R.P., Salisbury D., Band P.R., Threlfall W.J.
Lung cancer in metalworkers
This brief communication reports on a follow-up of age-standardised proportional mortality ratios (PMRs) calculated for 10,036 male metal workers for the period 1950 to 1978 (see CIS 85-161). The updated study includes deaths to 1984. In addition, the 192 study occupations were grouped by social class. PMRs for lung cancer are still significantly elevated in these workers after adding the deaths from 1979 through 1984. The elevated mortality for lung cancer is unlikely to be due to differential smoking rates, in comparison with other occupational groups, and strengthens the argument that workplace exposures are responsible for the increased risk.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Aug. 1991, Vol.33, No.8, p.901-902. 6 ref.
Acquavella J.F., Leet T.L.
A cohort study among workers at a metal components manufacturing facility
The study was a follow-up on a proportional mortality study that showed significantly elevated proportional mortality ratios for lung cancer and a subgroup of nonmalignant respiratory diseases. The findings of the follow-up study of 4627 employees of a metal components manufacturing facility showed lower than expected mortality from all causes of death and all cancers. However, lung cancer mortality was significantly elevated (standardised mortality ratio = 131, 95% confidence interval 102-165), owing to elevated mortality among hourly workers. Hourly workers also showed a significantly elevated rate for other nonmalignant respiratory disease and a significant deficit of leukaemia. Analyses by duration of employment did not show significant trends for any cause of death. Information on smoking was not available, but several indirect methods were used to estimate the potential confounding effect of smoking.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Aug. 1991, Vol.33, No.8, p.896-900. 24 ref.
Fémmegmunkáló gépek [in Hungarian]
This series of 10 information sheets deals with the safe use of metalworking machines. Contents: general safety recommendations; metal saws (cold and hot); drill presses; shapers; planers; milling machines; lathes; surface grinders; heat treatment.
Országos Munkavédelmi Tudományos Kutató Intézet, 1021 Budapest, Ötvös János u. 1-3, Hungary, 1991. 10 information notes. Illus.
Metal-degreasing machines using chlorinated and fluorochlorinated solvents
Machines ŕ dégraisser les métaux aux solvants chlorés et chlorofluorés [in French]
Contents of this safety guide: description of the techniques used; analysis of the chemical, mechanical and electrical hazards; hazards of thermal burns, falls and noise; preventive measures to be applied at the design stage of the machine, at the installation of the equipment and during normal operation and maintenance.
Institut national de Recherche et de Sécurité, INRS, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1990. 31p. Illus. 9 ref.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen (National Board of Occupational Safety and Health)
Guillotine shears [Sweden]
Gradsaxar [in Swedish]
This directive replaces Directive No.116 (CIS 77-1838). It covers: classification of guillotine (plate) shears; type approval; design and ergonomic requirements (mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic equipment; control equipment; noise, vibration; marking; operating instructions); safety measures (including machine guards); setting up of tools; machine maintenance; workplaces. Detailed commentary.
Publikationsservice, Box 1300, 171 25 Solna, Sweden, 1990. 33p. Illus. 2 ref.
Lanas Ugarteburu P.M.
Plan for noise control - Protection of workers against the hazards of noise exposure
Plan de lucha contra el ruido - Protección de los trabajadores contra los riesgos derivados de la exposición al ruido [in Spanish]
A plan for noise control in a small metalworking plant based on Spanish Royal Decree No.1316/1989 (see CIS 90-720) is presented. This plan includes measures concerning appropriate training and information, proper installation of machinery, sound and vibration isolation, and hearing protection. The detailed results of noise measurements taken before and after application of the plan show the efficiency of the measures taken. Tables and graphics are included.
Prevención, Jan.-Mar. 1990, No.111, p.8-19. Illus.
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften
Welding, cutting and similar operations [Germany]
Schweissen, Schneiden und verwandte Arbeitsverfahren [in German]
Revised version of these safety regulations (updating document abstracted under CIS 78-1119) applying to welding, cutting, brazing, heating, hardening, metallising and other metalworking processes involving the use of gas/oxygen or gas/compressed air mixtures, to similar processes using electric power, and to thermit welding. General provisions respecting minimum age for admission to employment, employment of women, personal protective equipment, ventilation, work in confined spaces, fire and explosion hazards, hazardous work in or on tanks. Special provisions concerning gas and oxygen installations and gas welding, arc welding materials and operations, safe working methods for resistance welding, welding under water or in compressed air, and safety measures for thermit welding. Annex: information sheet on the prevention of acetylene container explosions, more detailed rules for application of the regulations, and comments.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Luxemburger Strasse 449, D-W-5000 Köln 41, Germany, Apr. 1990. 31 + 48p. Illus.
Phoon W.O., Foo S.C., Ong C.N., Tan L.C.
Ventilatory function among metal workers in Singapore
Spirometric tests were conducted on 634 workers in small-scale metalworking industries; occupational and medical histories were obtained by questionnaire. Almost 5% of the workers were found to have an FEV1.0/FVC ratio of less than 75% and 10.9% were found to have low ventilatory function. Comparison of results with other occupational groups shows that the metalworkers have lower FVC and FEV1.0 values. Values are also reported for mid and end expiratory flow rates.
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 1990, Vol.4, Nos.2-3, p.175-183. Illus. 27 ref.
Humane working conditions - The basic principles of IG Metall
English translation of a guide to safety policies in the metallurgical industry, as seen from the labour union perspective. It covers: involvement of the worker in the implementation of safety policies; accident investigations; job creation; how technology can benefit workers; the principle of "co-determination" (collaboration between management and the work force in planning the future of an enterprise); the text of the Safety at Work Resolution (Resolution No.13) presented by IG Metall at the Trade Union Congress (Berlin and Frankfurt, 1989).
Industriegewerkschaft Metall, Wilhelm-Leuschner-Strasse 79-85, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 1990. 92p. Illus.
Marchiori L., Rozio L., Bressan A., Biasoli S., Cesaro A., Peretti A., Tommasi I., Perbellini L.
Occupational arsine poisoning: A case report
Intossicazione professionale da arsina: descrizione di un caso [in Italian]
A case of occupational arsine poisoning is described that occurred in a small family workshop during blackening operations on zinc/aluminium alloy manufactured parts with acid solutions. This report shows that cases of occupational poisoning believed to have disappeared can still occur, especially in small plants.
Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1990, Vol.81, No.1, p.330-334. 10 ref.
Mechanical trades safety manual
Safe work practices for mechanical trades contractors and their workers are highlighted in this manual. Also covered: responsibilities, personal protective clothing and equipment, and harmful substances. Included is a list of Workers' Compensation Board publications.
Workers' Compensation Board of British Columbia, 6951 Westminster Highway, Richmond, British Columbia V7C 1C6, Canada, 1990. 80p. Illus.
Investigation of the conditions for the manufacturing of safe machinery
Biztonságos gépek gyártási feltételeinek vizsgálata [in Hungarian]
Investigation of the conditions in present-day Hungary for the manufacturing of machinery that can receive safety certification according to EEC rules.
Munkavédelem, munka- és üzemegészségügy, 1990, Vol.36, No.3, p.69-71.
Minimising dioxin emissions into the environment is urgently needed in order to reduce dioxin levels
Eintragsminimierung zur Reduzierung der Dioxinbelastung dringend erforderlich [in German]
The Federal Bureau of Health and the Environmenal Protection Agency of Germany have prepared a report on measures to reduce dioxin emissions. Excerpts of the recommended measures are presented. They address: reduction of dioxin emissions from waste incineration, smelting and metalworking plants as well as the pulp and paper industry; prohibition of the use of brominated and chlorinated plastics in flammable equipment; prohibition of any increase in existing dioxin pollution of the soil.
Bundesgesundheitsblatt, 1990, No.8, p.350-354.
Reduction of noise in the sheet-metal working industry: great improvement for a small investment
Lärmminderung in der blechverarbeitenden Industrie: Kleiner Eingriff - grosse Wirkung [in German]
Primary and secondary noise reduction measures in sheet-metal plants of the home appliances industry are described using an eccentric press and a plate shear as examples. Partial enclosure of the drive of an eccentric press and installation of a low-noise clutch and brake unit led to a 7dB(A) reduction of the emitted noise level. Sound absorbing linings were installed at a plate shear to reduce impulse noise.
Industrie-Anzeiger, 1990, Vol.112, No.86, p.69-70, 72. Illus. 3 ref.
Fires and explosions during the processing of aluminium alloys and of easily oxidisable metals. Preventive measures
Incendies et explosions lors du travail des alliages d'aluminium et de métaux facilement oxydables - Mesures préventives [in French]
This paper discusses the fire and explosion hazards due to aluminium dust, dust of flammable metal alloys and hydrogen liberated when these metals react with water. Contents: characteristics of dust explosions; examples of accidents; prevention of fires and explosions; definitions, general requirements, working premises and equipment; fire safety requirements of; recommendations for: milling operations that produce sparks, dust elimination, ignition, sources, storage containers, transport, cleaning and maintenance, protective clothing, staff training, compulsory plant inspection.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygične du travail, 3rd Quarter 1990, No.140, Note No.1785-140-90, p.521-530. Illus. 32 ref.
Héry M., Hubert G., Limasset J.C., Elcabache J.M.
Electroplating industry. Assessment of exposure to chromium and nickel
Industrie de la galvanisation - Evaluation de l'exposition atmosphérique au chrome et au nickel [in French]
The purpose of this study, conducted in 9 electroplating plants, was to examine trends in exposure to harmful substances in light of the increasing presence of ventilation equipment and automation near the plating tanks. Air samples taken in the plants (particularly personal samples) generally indicate exposure levels well within the permitted levels. The actual reduction in air contamination due to the installation of a ventilation system in a hard chrome-plating plant is described.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygične du travail, 2nd Quarter 1990, No.139, Note No.1773-139-90, p.303-311. 25 réf.
Engineering industry perspective
Predicting the research needs within the engineering industry over the next 10 years requires a clear view of the industry's priorities and the role of the Occupational Health Practitioner in a rapidly changing and demanding world. This article describes the possible impact of manufacturing and social trends on occupational health practice and proposes priorities which favour operational requirements over fundamental scientific need.
Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine, Winter 1990, Vol.40, No.4, p.127-128. 12 ref.
The share of the metallurgical, engineering and electrotechnical complex in decreasing occupational accident rates in the whole federation
Podíl hutnickostrojírenského a elektrotechnického komplexu na snižování pracovní úrazovosti celé federace [in Czech]
From 1960 to 1988, the absolute numbers of fatal and non-fatal accidents in Czechoslovakian industry decreased by almost 1/2, and the accident rate per 100 workers by almost 2/3. The Federal Ministry of Metallurgy, Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering (FMHSE), which represents about 17% of the workers in the country, is responsible for high-risk occupations. Although the rate of injury in the enterprises under the jurisdiction of the FMHSE has been and remains higher than in the workforce as a whole, the numbers and rates of accidents have decreased in parallel with the decrease for the industrial sector as a whole. Tables show the evolution of accident rates for various time periods.
Bezpečná práca, Sep.-Oct. 1990, Vol.21, No.5, p.211-212, 223-227. Illus. 8 ref.
This safety guide applies to the use and maintenance of portable grinders in ferrous metal operations. Contents: general hazards; use of guards; abrasive wheel safety; procedures for the mounting of straight wheels, abrasive cups, cones and plugs; correct use of spindles; grinder speed hazards; proper use of grinders; handling, storage and inspection; personal protective equipment; fire precautions.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611-3991, USA, 1990. 5p. Illus. 10 ref.
Trump T.R., Joyce R.P.
Engine and turret lathe safety guide
This guide contains general safety guidelines designed to reduce engine and turret lathe injuries to workers and specific guidelines appropriate to individual shops. A checklist provides a means of identifying guidelines appropriate to specific needs. Supplementary information is presented to aid in implementing the guidelines.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, 1990. 27p. Illus. 8 ref.
Horns H., Wettschureck R.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz
Catalogue of noise-reducing measures in the manufacturing industries - Metalworking industry
Katalog lärmmindernder Massnahmen in der Fertigung - Metallverarbeitung [in German]
More than 150 examples of noise control in the metal-working industries as well as in foundries, steelworks and the aluminium industry are described. Included are, for example, the noise control measures applied to machines such as rolling mills, rolling machines for metal forming, presses, shears, metalcutting saws, grinding machines, hydraulic pumps, conveyors, hammers and drills.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH., Postfach 10 11 10, Am Alten Hafen 113-115, 2850 Bremerhaven 1, Germany, 1989. 391p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 40.50.
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