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Metalworking industry - 770 entries found

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CIS 01-1545 Mackenzie K., Peters M.
Handedness, hand roles, and hand injuries at work
A first part of this article consists of a literature review discussing the prevalence of hand injuries, and the significance of hand roles and handedness in industrial injuries. A second part studies the roles of the two hands in the metal manufacturing industry. Thirty different work stations in seven plants were surveyed to establish whether there was a significant bias in terms of movement requirements for one or the other hand, leading to a possible differential risk of injury for the left and right hands. Overall, there was no clear bias favouring the right hand in activities assigned to the hands in seven different movement categories. However, the location of emergency controls favoured the right hand unequivocally. The implications of biases favouring the left/right hand for safety of machine operation are discussed in the light of current findings on left and right hand performance in right- and lefthanders.
Journal of Safety Research, Winter 2000, Vol.31, No.4, p.221-227. 36 ref.

CIS 01-793 Siddiqi F.K.
Hazards of engineering industry
The rapid growth and development of engineering industries in Pakistan has brought in its wake new types of hazards. These are reviewed under the following headings: housekeeping; accident awareness and precautionary measures; hazards from metal dusts or aerosols; physical dangers; automation; legislation, rules and standards; occupational diseases; safety education and training.
Industrial Relations Journal, July-Aug. 2000, Vol.17, No.4, p.43-45; 47-48.

CIS 01-495 Shih T.S., Hsieh A.T., Liao G.D., Chen Y.H., Liou S.H.
Haematological and spermatotoxic effects of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether in copper clad laminate factories
Impregnation workers from factories using ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME) as a solvent were evaluated for haematological and reproductive effects together with a control group with indirect exposure to EGME. Results showed that the haemoglobin, packed cell volume and red blood cell count among exposed male workers were significantly lower than among controls. The frequency of anaemia in the exposed group was also significantly higher (26.1% vs. 3.2%). The red blood cell count was negatively associated with air concentrations of EGME, and haemoglobin, packed cell volume and red blood cell count were negatively associated with urinary concentrations of methoxyacetic acid. The pH of semen in the exposed workers was lower than that of controls, but there were no significant differences in sperm count or morphology.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 2000, Vol.57, No.5, p.348-352. 18 ref.

CIS 01-63
Health and Safety Executive
Metalworking fluids and you
Metalworking fluids may cause skin irritation, eczema, irritation of hair roots, eye irritation, breathing difficulties and skin cancer. Aimed at persons exposed to metalworking fluids, this booklet contains information on the health hazards and preventive measures. Topics covered: legal requirements in the United Kingdom; responsibilities of employers; responsibilities of employees; medical surveillance; reporting of symptoms.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Mar. 2000. 8p. 8 ref.

CIS 00-1030 Peškov V.R., Matrohin V.F.
Analysis of the accidents in the metallurgical and coke by-products industry
Analiz pričin avarijnosti i travmatizma v metallurgičeskih i koksohimičeskih proizvodstvah [in Russian]
Accidents that have occurred in recent years in the metallurgical and coke by-products industry are reviewed. In 1999, 35 fatal accidents occurred, 35% more than in 1998. 63% of the accidents are attributed to unsatisfactory work organization, 20% to engineering and equipment defects and 17% to the violation of technical rules. Causes of accidents were: technical gases (32%), escape of hot materials or gases (21%), failure of moving parts (20%), internal transport (17%), and falling objects (10%). Past omissions and future needs are listed. Thus, procedures must be formulated, actions listed, and inspections and verifications made more rigorous.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, 2000, No.5, p.6-8.

CIS 00-780 Woodin M.A., Liu Y., Neuberg D., Hauser R., Smith T.J., Christiani D.C.
Acute respiratory symptoms in workers exposed to vanadium-rich fuel-oil ash
To determine whether occupational exposure to fuel-oil ash may cause respiratory illness, a prospective study was undertaken on 18 boilermakers overhauling an oil-fired boiler and 11 utility worker controls. Subjects completed a respiratory symptom diary five times per day. Daily symptom severity was calculated and respiratory symptom frequency and severity was analysed. Boilermakers had more frequent and more severe upper and lower respiratory symptoms than utility workers, and this difference was greatest during interior boiler work. A statistically significant dose-response pattern for frequency and severity of both upper and lower respiratory symptoms was seen with vanadium and PM10 for lower exposures. However, there was a reversal in the dose-response trend in the highest exposure quartile, reflecting a possible healthy worker effect.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 2000, Vol.37, No.4, p.353-363. Illus. 32 ref.

CIS 00-540
Health and Safety Executive
Safeguarding of combination metalworking machines
This information sheet provides practical guidance to users on the safeguarding of combination metalworking machines. Contents: hazards and risks of combination metalworking machines; general safeguarding and specific requirements for punching, notching, shearing, cropping and bending; machine controls; emergency stops; operator training. (Replaces CIS 94-2100.)
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, mars 2000. 4p. Illus. 5 ref. [in English]


CIS 04-126 Kowerski A., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Gierasimiuk J., Konarska M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in locksmith workshops and machine assembly plants - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w zakładach ślusarskich i budowy maszyn - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in metalworking shops is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 1999. 22+33p. 70+9 ref.

CIS 03-396 Großmann K., Jungnickel G., Rudolf H.
Expert system for advice on noise reduction in metal stamping workshops
Beratungssystem zum Lärmschutz in Presswerken [in German]
Stamping is one of the most noisy activities in the metalworking industry. In small enterprises in particular, impact noise averages 95dB(A) and therefore clearly exceeds the permissible level of 85dB(A). This article describes a software tool that allows to predict workplace noise levels on the basis of technical production data, manufacturing steps and local conditions. Users can thus obtain noise level values and indications of risks to workers. This system also allows to predict effects of measures or planned modifications aimed at reducing noise levels in stamping workshops.
Blech Rohre Profile, Nov. 1999, Vol.46, No.11, p.48-56. Illus. 7 ref.

CIS 01-1783 Lausch H.
Final report on a research project on the composition and structure of oxide components in environmental dusts released when manufacturing and machining nickel-containing metals - Nickel-containing dusts
Abschlussbericht zum Forschungsvorhaben "Untersuchung der Zusammensetzung und Struktur von oxidischen Komponenten in freigesetzten Stäuben in der Arbeitsluft bei der Herstellung und Verarbeitung nickelhaltiger metallischer Werkstoffe" - Nickelhaltige Stäube [in German]
This research project focused on the structural characterisation of the dusts released during grinding, welding or injection moulding of nickel-containing materials in the metalworking industry, and to highlight the existence of free unalloyed nickel or nickel (II) oxide. Dusts released during various operations were sampled and their nickel composition determined. Structure was examined by electron microscopy. Results showed that nickel was underrepresented compared to the base alloys or welding materials in almost all dust samples except those collected during repair welding of grey cast iron, and that it was present either as alloy particles with iron, chromium or as spinels. No free nickel or dinickel trioxide was found in the dusts.
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (HVBG), Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53754 Sankt Augustin, Germany, Oct. 1999. 41p. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 01-369 Piette A., Malchaire J., Huberlant J.M.
Training guide for grinding work
Guide de formation au travail de meulage [in French]
Wegwijzer bij het slijpen [in Dutch]
This guide aimed at grinding workers covers the safe use of grinders, mounting of grinding disks and maintenance aspects, as well other less-well known topics such as vibration and associated diseases (white finger syndrome) and work posture. The need for adequate protective equipment (safety spectacles, protective gloves and hearing protectors) is emphasized.
Federaal Ministerie van Tewerkstelling en Arbeid, Belliardstraat 51, 1040 Brussel, Belgium, Dec. 1999. 32p. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 01-51
Health and Safety Executive
Health and safety in engineering workshops
Manual aimed at people who manage and work in small engineering workshops that manufacture, maintain and repair plant, machinery and products. Contents: management of safety and health; five steps to risk assessment; manual handling and lifting; transport; equipment and environment (hazardous substances, electricity, air conditioning, pressurized systems); detailed machine safety (including computer controls, metalworking fluids, noise, vibration, cleaning and degreasing); welding and flamecutting; radiography; painting and spraying; personal protective equipment; offices; accidents, emergencies and first aid.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., Nov. 1999. vi, 118p. Illus. 193 ref. Price: GBP 9.50.

CIS 00-1768 Mirbod S.M., Akbar-Khanzadeh F., Onozuka M., Jamali M., Watanabe K., Inaba R., Iwata H.
A four-year follow-up study on subjective symptoms and functional capacities in workers using hand-held grinders
Fifty-three grinders working in the metal industry were re-examined four years after their first examination. Information about age, occupation, daily vibration exposure, drinking and smoking habits, and presence of subjective symptoms such as vibration-induced white finger, and numbness and pain in the fingers was collected during the first and second examination. On average, the reduction of hand-grip force during the 4-year follow-up course was 7.4%. Significant differences in the paired data of pinching power and tapping ability could be detected. It was concluded that: prolonged occupational exposure to the vibration of hand-held grinding tools should be considered as a risk factor causing disturbances in the hand-arm system of the operators; the results of recovery rate of finger skin temperature and the vibration sensation threshold seem to be appropriate indicators for the assessment of peripheral vascular and peripheral nerve disturbances in workers exposed to hand-arm vibration; and to reduce the subjects' physical stress, attention should be paid to ergonomic factors.
Industrial Health, Oct. 1999, Vol.37, No.4, p.415-425. Illus. 36 ref.

CIS 00-1329 Berndt U., Hinnen U., Iliev D., Elsner P.
Swiss prospective eczema study on metal workers "PROMETES": Results of a longitudinal study on hand eczema
PROMETES - Schweizer prospektive Metallarbeiter-Ekzem-Studie: Ergebnisse einer Längsschnitt-Untersuchung zum Handekzem [in German]
205 apprentices of 24 Swiss metal working enterprises were followed dermatologically over a period of 2.5 years. A workplace diary was used to note relevant occupational exposures as well as the use of barrier creams and gloves. Non-occupational exposures were also noted. Skin examination was performed regularly and biophysical parameters of the skin measured. 23% of the subjects developed hand eczema symptoms, most of them early during the observation period. Eczema develops because of irritants in the cutting fluid. Lacking personal hygiene was a contributing factor and mechanical stress may enhance the irritant effect of the cutting fluid.
Dermatosen in Beruf und Umwelt, July-Aug. 1999, Vol.47, No.4, p.150-156. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 00-736 Piz C.
Metalworkers - Vicenza: New preventive intervention model in collaboration with the association of managers of the metalworking sector
Metalmeccanici - Vicenza: nuovo modello di intervento preventivo con la collaborazione delle associazioni degli imprenditori nel comparto metalmeccanico [in Italian]
A programmeme aiming to improve occupational safety and health was implemented in the metalworking sector in the region of Vicenza, Italy, with the collaboration of the employers' association of this sector. The project comprised a first phase of information and training of company managers in hygiene and machine safety, followed by an inspection of the implementation of the safety and health measures. Statistical analysis of accidents before and after the setting up of this programme revealed a reduction in frequency and severity rates.
SNOP, Nov. 1999, No.51-52, p.12-15. Illus.

CIS 00-855
Health and Safety Executive
Safety in the use of hand- and foot-operated presses
Topics: blanking presses; data sheet; enclosed dies; fixed guards; injuries to upper extremities; legal aspects; metalworking industry; presses, hand or foot operated; safe working methods; safety devices; sweep guards; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Mar. 1999. 4p. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 00-250 Laitinen S., Linnainmaa M., Laitinen J., Kiviranta H., Reiman M., Liesivuori J.
Endotoxins and IgG antibodies as indicators of occupational exposure to the microbial contaminants of metal-working fluids
To evaluate workers' exposure to microorganisms and bacterial endotoxins during the use of metal-working fluids (MWF), air and bulk sampling and biomonitoring of workers' serum IgG antibodies were used to estimate exposure at 18 workplaces. The types of emulsified MWF used were synthetic fluid, mineral oil or rape seed oil, in grinding, turning and drilling work. Endotoxin concentrations in air ranged from 0.04 to 600 ng/m3 when endotoxin levels in MWF were 0.03-25,000ng/m3. A high correlation was found between endotoxin levels and bacterial counts from MWF, as well as between total culturable bacteria and gram-negative bacteria concentrations in the air. MWF workers showed significantly higher IgG antibody responses to bacterial antigens than did controls. Results clearly show that in occupational hygiene measurements, endotoxins serve as excellent indicators of exposure to the microbial contaminants of MWF. IgG antibodies against antigens identified from workplace samples could be a practical tool for occupational health physicians.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Oct. 1999, Vol.72, No.7, p.443-450. Illus. 24 ref.


CIS 01-1102 Internal audit - Boilermaking
Autodiagnostic - Chaudronneries [in French]
The internal auditing of hazards allows the preparation of a safety and health plan adapted to the company. A check-list for conducting such an audit within boilermaking industry firms is proposed, consisting of the following parts: handling; storage; cutting and forming; assembly within the workshop; checking; finishing; delivery; on-site work; employment of temporary workers; action plan.
Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie (CRAM) des Pays de la Loire, 7 rue du Président Herriot, BP 3405, 44034 Nantes Cedex 1, France, Jan. 1998. 18p. Illus. 35 ref.

CIS 00-962
Health and Safety Executive
Health risks from metalworking fluids: Aspects of good machine design
This booklet provides guidance on good practices for machine tool users and designers. It highlights features that when incorporated into a machine tool or coolant system can reduce risks to health from the use of metalworking fluids. The design aspects covered include: coolant tanks, fluid delivery systems, the removal of contaminants, maintenance and control measures.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 1998. 8p. 5 ref.

CIS 00-734 Algarín Fiestas M.I., Gómez Beltrán J., López Maside A., Fombuena Filpo J., Carrasco Gallego M.J., de la Iglesia Huerta A.
Atherogenic hazard and degree of physical workload in the working conditions of the metalworking industry
Riesgo aterogénico y grado de trabajo físico en las condiciones de trabajo de la industria metalúrgica [in Spanish]
Topics: alcoholism; atherosclerosis; cholesterol; cross-sectional study; determination in blood; energy expenditure; hazard evaluation; lipid metabolism; metalworking industry; physical workload; smoking.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1998, Vol.XLV, No.178, p.49-59. Illus. 25 ref.

CIS 99-1562 Peters T., Hani N., Kirchberg K., Gold H., Hunzelmann N., Scharffetter-Kochanek K.
Occupational contact sensitivity to aluminium in a machine construction plant worker
Topics: aluminium; case study; eczema; individual susceptibility; machinery industry; sensitization dermatitis; sensitization; skin absorption; skin allergies.
Contact Dermatitis, Dec. 1998, Vol.39, No.6, p.322-323. 23 ref.

CIS 99-1609 Wassenius O., Järvholm B., Engström T., Lillienberg L., Meding B.
Variability in the skin exposure of machine operators exposed to cutting fluids
A new technique for measuring skin exposure to cutting fluids is described. The technique is based on video recording and subsequent analysis of the video tape by means of computer-synchronized video equipment. The exposure of 12 machine operators performing cyclic (repetitive) work was analyzed in six different workshops. The time intervals at which the machine operator's hand was exposed to fluid were registered, and the total wet time of the skin was calculated by assuming different evaporation times for the fluid. The relative wet time varied between 0% and 100%. A significant association between short cycle time and high relative wet time was noted. However, there was no relationship between the degree of automatization of the metal cutting machines and wet time. The technique appears to give objective information about dermal wetness. Topics: automation; computer analysis; cutting fluids; description of technique; eczema; exposure evaluation; image analysis; metalcutting saws; metalworking industry; photographic methods of detection; repetitive work; skin absorption.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 1998, Vol.24, No.2, p.125-129. Illus. 11 ref.

CIS 99-1126 Infrastructure and systems for risk assessment of metals and metal compounds on human health
Topics: Canada; check lists; epidemiology; metals; metalworking industry; plant health organization; sampling and analysis; sampling instruments; sampling methods; training manuals; training material; training of OSH personnel.
International Council on Metals and the Environment (ICME), 294 Albert Street - Suite 506, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 6E6, Canada, 1st ed., Sep. 1998. iii, 120p. (4 sections). Illus. 16 ref.

CIS 99-1315 Hirsch W., Hempel D., Förster H.
Studies on the prevention of coolant explosions in machine tools
Untersuchungen zum Explosionsschutz beim Einsatz von Kühlschmierstoffen in Werkzeugmaschinen [in German]
Hot surfaces caused by friction were identified as the major ignition source of water-immiscible coolants in machine tools used in the metalworking industry. Electric sparks, including those with energies below 10J, were other important ignition sources. Ignition by these sources was independent of the type of coolant applied. A total of 10 different coolants were tested. In order to reduce the ignition hazard by electric sparks an explosion-proof design of machine tools is recommended. For cooling hot surfaces flooding with higher amounts of coolants is suggested. Topics: coolants; electric sparks; explosion protection; hot surfaces; machine tools; machining; metalworking industry; safety by design; sources of ignition.
Gefahrstoffe Reinhaltung der Luft, Jan.-Feb. 1998, Vol.58, No.1-2, p.61-64. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 99-585 Zacharisen M.C., Kadambi A.R., Schlueter D.P., Kurup V.P., Shack J.B., Fox J.L., Anderson H.A., Fink J.N.
The spectrum of respiratory disease associated with exposure to metal working fluids
In a study of 30 workers at an automobile parts engine manufacturing plant, hypersensitivity pneumonitis affected seven workers, with six exhibiting serum precipitins to Acinetobacter lwoffii. Occupational asthma and industrial bronchitis affected 12 and six workers respectively. Oil mist exposures were below current recommendations. Gram-negative bacteria, but no fungi, Thermophiles or Legionella, were identified. Although specific agents responsible for each individual case could not be identified, probably both specific sensitizing agents and non-specific irritants from metalworking fluids, additives or contaminants contributed to this spectrum of occupational respiratory illness. Topics: aerosols; asthma; bacteria; bronchitis; chest radiography; cutting fluids; determination in air; extrinsic allergic alveolitis; irritants; metalworking industry; motor vehicle industry; pulmonary function; respiratory diseases; sensitization.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 1998, Vol.40, No.7, p.640-647. Illus. 29 ref.

CIS 99-629 Ishii E.K., Talbott E.O.
Race/ethnicity differences in the prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss in a group of metal fabricating workers
In a retrospective study of cumulative noise exposure and hearing loss in 216 white and 70 non-white male metal fabricating workers, non-whites reported a higher proportion of time using hearing protection, while whites had a slightly higher number of years worked and a substantially greater average decibel hearing loss. After adjusting for years of employment, race/ethnicity was the major-effect variable. Occupational noise exposure alone does not account for the racial hearing differences. Topics: audiometric tests; exposure evaluation; hearing level; hearing loss; hearing protection; hearing threshold; length of exposure; long-term study; metalworking industry; race-linked differences.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1998, Vol.40, No.8, p.661-666. Illus. 26 ref.

CIS 98-1457
Health and Safety Executive
Noise in engineering
Topics: audiology; data sheet; hearing loss; hearing protection; legislation; machinery industry; noise control; noise level; noise measurement; responsibilities of employers; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, May 1998. 2p. 9 ref.

CIS 98-1255 Bylund P.O., Björnstig U.
Occupational injuries and their long term consequences among mechanics and construction metal workers
Topics: accident absenteeism; age-linked differences; causes of accidents; construction industry; cost of accidents; degree of disability; eye injuries; flying particles; hand tools; head injuries; injuries; location of injury; machinery industry; metalworking industry; occupational accidents; sequelae; striking against objects; survey; Sweden; wounds.
Safety Science, Feb. 1998, Vol.28, No.1, p.49-58. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 98-1353 Calvert G.M., Ward E., Schnorr T.M., Fine L.J.
Cancer risks among workers exposed to metalworking fluids: A systematic review
Topics: aromatic hydrocarbons; bladder tumour; cancer; coolants; cutting fluids; epidemiologic study; job-exposure relation; laryngeal cancer; literature survey; lubricants; metalworking industry; mineral oils; neoplasms; nitroso amines; polycyclic hydrocarbons; rectal cancer; scrotal cancer; skin cancer; tumour of the pancreas.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 1998, Vol.33, No.3, p.282-292. 46 ref.

CIS 98-845 Criteria for a recommended standard - Occupational exposure to metalworking fluids
Topics: additives; asthma; cancer; cutting fluids; exposure evaluation; hazard evaluation; health engineering; limitation of exposure; lubricants; medical supervision; metalworking industry; personal protective equipment; respirators; respiratory diseases; sampling and analysis; skin diseases; threshold limit values; toxic effects; USA.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Jan. 1998. xviii, 223p. Illus. 387 ref.

CIS 98-844 What you need to know about occupational exposure to metalworking fluids
Topics: asthma; cancer; cutting fluids; exhaust ventilation; exposure evaluation; health engineering; information of personnel; limitation of exposure; lung diseases; medical supervision; metalworking industry; microorganisms; periodic medical examinations; personal protective equipment; preventive maintenance; skin diseases; USA.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Mar. 1998. v, 38p. Illus. 80 ref.

CIS 98-985 Laitinen H., Saari J., Kivistö M., Rasa P.L.
Improving physical and psychosocial working conditions through a participatory ergonomic process: A before-after study at an engineering workshop
Topics: design of equipment; ergonomics; Finland; labour-management relations; metalworking industry; musculoskeletal diseases; programme evaluation; psychological effects; sickness absenteeism; social climate; workers participation; workplace design.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Jan. 1998, Vol.21, No.1, p.35-45. Illus. 21 ref.

CIS 98-757 Cooper S.J., Leith D.
Evaporation of metalworking fluid mist in laboratory and industrial mist collectors
Topics: determination in air; equipment testing; evaporation; metalworking industry; mist eliminators; oil mist.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1998, Vol.59, No.1, p.45-51. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 98-694 Keil C.B.
The development and evaluation of an emission factor for a toluene parts-washing process
Topics: toluene; determination in air; exposure evaluation; mathematical models; metalworking industry; prediction of concentration; ventilation; washing.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1998, Vol.59, No.1, p.14-19. Illus. 18 ref.


CIS 00-1370 Santi A., Franco Motti M.I
Safety and health training programme for workers
Programa de educação em segurança e saúde do trabalhador [in Portuguese]
This is a report on a safety and health training programme for workers of the metal industry the objective of which was to increase workers' OSH awareness. The programme was divided into three phases. The first phase, covering general issues on safety and health policies in Brazil, accident risk and prevention in the metal industry and safety and health committees, was attended by 409 workers. The second phase, attended by 179 workers, was dedicated to information on various subjects: noise, repetitive strain injuries, organization of safety and the role of health committees, occupational diseases (pulmonary and skin diseases), machinery and personal protective equipment. The issues discussed during the third phase, attended by 51 workers, included workers' protection and actions at the trade union and government level.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 05409-002, Brazil, 1997. 50p. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 98-1671 Kreiss K., Cox-Ganser J.
Metalworking fluid-associated hypersensitivity pneumonitis: A workshop summary
Topics: allergic respiratory disorders; bacteria; bacterial toxins; coolants; epidemiologic study; extrinsic allergic alveolitis; fungi; medical supervision; metalworking industry; microorganisms; pulmonary granulomatosis; respiratory diseases.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 1997, Vol.32, No.4, p.423-432. 31 ref.

CIS 98-1670 Rosenman K.D., Reilly M.J., Kalinowski D.
Work-related asthma and respiratory symptoms among workers exposed to metal-working fluids
Topics: amines; asthma; chronic bronchitis; coolants; cutting fluids; determination in air; length of exposure; metalworking industry; oil mist; respiratory diseases; respiratory impairment; smoking; survey; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 1997, Vol.32, No.4, p.325-331. 10 ref.

CIS 98-1359 Glencross P.M., Weinberg J.M., Ibrahim J.G., Christiani D.C.
Loss of lung function among sheet metal workers: Ten-year study
Topics: asbestos; chest radiography; length of exposure; long-term study; metalworking industry; pleural diseases; pulmonary function; respiratory impairment; sheet-metal working; shipbuilding industry; smoking; spirometry; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 1997, Vol.32, No.5, p.460-466. 33 ref.

CIS 98-1241 Harland A., Delzell E., Lally C., Rotimi C., Oestenstad K.
A case-control study of lung cancer at a foundry and two engine plants
Topics: carcinogens; case-control study; dose-response relationship; foundries; iron and steel industry; job-exposure relation; length of service; long-term exposure; lung cancer; machinery industry; mortality; smoking; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 1997, Vol.31, No.4, p.414-421. 23 ref.

CIS 98-1355 Sprince N.L., Thorne P.S., Popendorf W., Zwerling C., Miller E.R., DeKoster J.A.
Respiratory symptoms and lung function abnormalities among machine operators in automobile production
Topics: aerosols; bacterial toxins; cross-sectional study; cutting fluids; determination in air; dose-response relationship; fungi; metalworking industry; motor vehicle industry; pulmonary function; respiratory diseases; respiratory function tests; respiratory impairment; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 1997, Vol.31, No.4, p.403-413. 29 ref.

CIS 98-1435 Danière P., Majourel M.
Reduction of noise exposure of staff in a metal packaging production workshop - An extension of the RaysCad+ software
Réduction de l'exposition sonore du personnel d'un atelier de fabrication d'emballages métalliques - Une extension du logiciel RaysCad+ [in French]
Topics: computer simulation; exposure evaluation; France; implementation of control measures; job-exposure relation; machinery; mathematical models; metalworking industry; noise charts; noise control; noise level measurement; noise level; sound attenuation; sound propagation.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 1997, No.168, Note No.2061-168-97, p.463-471. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 98-1351 Peltier A., Guillemin C., Elcabache J.M.
Results of measurements carried out in nine hard metal factories - Contribution to an epidemiological study
Bilan des mesures effectuées dans neuf usines productrices de métaux durs - Contribution à une étude épidémiologique [in French]
Topics: aerosols; air sampling; tungsten carbide 1:1; cobalt; dust measurement; exposure evaluation; France; job-exposure relation; particle size determination; personal sampling; powder metallurgy; respirable dust; threshold limit values.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 1997, No.168, Note No.2058-168-97, p.429-440. Illus. 11 ref.

CIS 98-1350 Moulin J.J., Perdrix A., Lasfargues G., Romazini S., Bozec C., Deguerry P., Pellet F., Peltier A., Wild P.
Epidemiologic study of mortality in the hard metal industry in France
Etude épidémiologique de mortalité dans l'industrie productrice de métaux durs en France [in French]
Topics: tungsten carbide 1:1; case-control study; cobalt; confounding factors; exposure evaluation; France; length of exposure; lung cancer; mortality; powder metallurgy; smoking.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 1997, No.168, Note No.2057-168-97, p.411-428. Illus. 35 ref.

CIS 98-1300 Assessment of occupational exposure to beryllium in industries using copper-beryllium alloys
Evaluation de l'exposition professionnelle au béryllium dans les entreprises utilisatrices d'alliages cuivre-béryllium [in French]
Topics: beryllium; beryllium-copper alloy; carcinogenic effects; carcinogens; determination in air; exposure evaluation; France; health hazards; job-exposure relation; metalworking industry; permissible levels; personal sampling; respirable dust; survey.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 1997, No.168, Note No.2056-168-97, p.403-410. 25 ref.

CIS 98-761 Stolz R., Hinnen U., Elsner P.
An evaluation of the relationship between "atopic skin" and skin irritability in metalworker trainees
Topics: sodium hydroxide; sodium dodecylsulfate; dimethyl sulfoxide; dermatitis; dermatological examinations; eczema; individual susceptibility; irritants; metalworking industry; questionnaire survey; skin wetness.
Contact Dermatitis, June 1997, Vol.36, No.6, p.281-284. 20 ref.

CIS 98-715 Wigger-Alberti W., Hinnen U., Elsner P.
Predictive testing of metalworking fluids: A comparison of 2 cumulative human irritation models and correlation with epidemiological data
Topics: cutting fluids; dermatitis; eczema; epidemiologic study; irritants; metalworking industry; prediction; protective gloves; skin tests; skin wetness; Switzerland.
Contact Dermatitis, Jan. 1997, Vol.36, No.1, p.14-20. Illus. 32 ref.

CIS 98-759 Sama S., Kriebel D., Woskie S., Eisen E., Wegman D., Virji M.A.
A field investigation of the acute respiratory effects of metal working fluids - II. Effects of airborne sulfur exposures
Topics: aerosols; cross-sectional study; cutting fluids; determination in air; exposure evaluation; functional respiratory disorders; irritants; metalworking industry; oil mist; pulmonary function; respirable dust; spirometry; sulfur; USA; ventilatory capacity.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, June 1997, Vol.31, No.6, p.767-776. 28 ref.

CIS 98-758 Kriebel D., Sama S.R., Woskie S., Christiani D.C., Eisen E.A., Hammond S.K., Milton D.K., Smith M., Virji A.M.
A field investigation of the acute respiratory effects of metal working fluids - I. Effects of aerosol exposures
Topics: aerosols; bacteria; bacterial toxins; cross-sectional study; cutting fluids; determination in air; exposure evaluation; functional respiratory disorders; metalworking industry; oil mist; pulmonary function; respirable dust; spirometry; USA; ventilatory capacity.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, June 1997, Vol.31, No.6, p.756-766. 25 ref.

CIS 97-1653
Health and Safety Executive, Health and Safety Laboratory
Measurement of oil mist from mineral oil-based metalworking fluids
A method is described for measuring personal exposure to airborne aerosol (oil mist) formed from mineral oil-based metalworking fluids. It is applicable to mineral oils with viscosities greater than 18cSt at 40°C. Principle: a measured volume of air is drawn through a pre-weighed filter mounted in a sampler attached to the lapel of the metalworking machine operator; the exposed filter is reweighed to obtain a total inhalable particulate concentration; if this concentration is greater than 2.5mg/m3 (half the occupational exposure standard), the oil mist concentration is estimated by measuring the filter's weight loss after the oil is extracted into cyclohexane. A sampling time in the range 2 to 8h is recommended.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, June 1997. 6p. 15 ref. Price: GBP 12.00.

CIS 97-1694
Health and Safety Executive
Preventing injuries from the manual handling of sharp edges in the engineering industry
This data sheet identifies activities where contact with sharp edges commonly causes injuries, and outlines legal requirements for the avoidance of injuries, risk assessment factors and control measures. These include: avoiding direct handling of sharp edged items; engineering out sharp edges; covering or protecting sharp edges; use of personal protective equipment; and training and supervision of workers.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. 2p. 6 ref.

CIS 97-979 Tenkate T.D., Collins M.J.
Personal ultraviolet radiation exposure of workers in a welding environment
The personal ultraviolet exposure levels of a group of welders and nearby workers at a metal fabrication workshop were estimated using photosensitive polymer film badges. The badges were attached to the workers' eye protection and clothing, and also placed throughout the work area. The estimated ocular and body exposures for both welders and nonwelders were considerably higher than the maximum possible exposure (MPE) limit. The ambient ultraviolet radiation levels in the factory exceeded the MPE by an average of 5.5 times, even in nonwelding areas. Welders require additional ocular protection to supplement conventional welding helmets, and exposed areas of skin of workers in this environment should also be protected.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1997, Vol.58, No.1, p.33-38. Illus. 28 ref.

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