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Power generation and distribution - 305 entries found

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CIS 02-1345 Priha E., Ahonen I., Oksa P.
Control of chemical risks during the treatment of soil contaminated with chlorophenol, creosote and copper-chrome-arsenic-wood preservatives
Exposure to chemicals was studied during the remediation of four polluted sites: a sawmill contaminated with chlorophenols, polychlorinated dioxins and furans (PCDD/F), a wood impregnating plant contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), an old gas works area contaminated with PAH, and a wood impregnation plant contaminated with copper-chromium-arsenic (CCA) preservative. Air monitoring showed that the exposure levels were generally well below the current occupational exposure limits. However, the recommended daily intake value for PCDD/F was exceeded. Chlorophenol exposure was generally low. Exposure to volatile PAH was 0.038-0.884mg/m3 and that to particulate PAH was 0.004-0.183mg/m3. The biomonitoring results (urinary 1-pyrenol) suggested that some exposure occurs, probably through the contamination of hands or skin absorption. Exposure limits were not exceeded at the site contaminated with CCA. More attention should be given to skin protection.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 2001, Vol.39, No.4, p.402-409. 30 ref.

CIS 02-700 van Wijngaarden E., Savitz D.A., Kleckner R.C., Kavet R., Loomis D.
Mortality patterns by occupation in a cohort of electrical utility workers
Mortality patterns were examined in a United States cohort of 138,905 male electric utility workers from five companies. Regression techniques were used to analyse total mortality, and mortalities from cardiovascular disease and cancer in relation to duration of employment in each of the 19 occupational categories of electrical utility operations. Relative to workers who were never involved in utility operations (e.g., administrative workers), mortality rate ratios among operations workers were higher for total mortality, mortality from cardiovascular disease, and total cancer mortality. Lung cancer risk was consistently elevated, whereas increased mortality for other cancers was less consistent. The results of this study indicate excess mortality risks among electric utility workers, which could be related to both occupational and non-occupational risk factors.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Dec. 2001, Vol.40, No.6, p.667-673. 39 ref.

CIS 02-904 Arutyunyan R.M., Hovhannisyan G.G., Ghazanchyan E.G., Nersesyan A.K.
DNA damage induced by UV-C irradiation in leukocytes of Chernobyl accident clean-up workers
The comet assay was used to estimate DNA damage induced by UV-C in leukocytes of 12 persons who were engaged during 1986-1987 in the clean-up of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant after the 1986 accident. Blood samples were collected in 1997, namely 10 years after the radiation exposure. Reference blood samples were obtained from 12 healthy persons of corresponding ages. Results show an increased repair capacity of DNA in leukocytes of irradiated persons exposed to UV-C, when compared with leukocytes from controls. This phenomenon is presumably due to a radio-adaptive response. There were no statistically significant differences in the spontaneous levels of DNA damage in leukocytes between the individuals in the two groups. Some hypotheses concerning adaptive response in cells of persons previously exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation are discussed.
Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2001, Vol.7, No.1, p.15-21. 20 ref.

CIS 02-321 Carrer P., Maroni M., Cavallo D., Visentin S., Cecchetti G., Mangani F., Piovano G., Iachetta R.
Evaluation of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, benzene, toluene and xylenes in workers in an oil-burning power plant
Valutazione dell'esposizione ad idrocarburi policiclici aromatici ed a benzene, toluene e xileni di lavoratori di una centrale termoelettrica che utilizza olio combustibile denso [in Italian]
An evaluation of personal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and benzene, toluene and xylenes (BTX) in workers of an oil-burning power plant. The control group consisted of office workers at the same power plant. Altogether 29 exposed workers and 10 controls were studied, for a total of 84 days of monitoring. Personal environmental exposure to PAHs was very low. All workers showed very low levels of dermal exposure to PAHs. The study confirmed the effectiveness of existing protective measures.
Medicina del lavoro, Sep.-Oct. 2001, Vol.92, No.5, p.314-326. 32 ref.

CIS 01-1776 Pool G.
Health and Safety Executive
Reducing carbon monoxide incidents
This report describes a project aimed at reducing the number of carbon monoxide (CO) related incidents associated with the use of piped gas. Specific topics examined include the development of a common strategy in Europe for collating CO incident data, assessing indoor air quality relating to gas utilization and the medical issues associated with both acute and chronic CO poisoning. Several meetings have been held with representatives of gas utilities of several European countries and research organizations to share knowledge and best practice. Outputs from the project have included a video aimed at improving the diagnosis of CO poisoning by those in the medical profession and an agreement between gas companies to pursue a better practice for the gathering and reporting of CO related incident information.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2001. vi, 42p. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 01-1305
Department of Energy (DOE)
Nuclear Safety Management: Final Rule [USA]
This Final Rule (effective: 9 Feb. 2001) incorporates in the Nuclear Safety Regulations (10 CFR 830) the modifications made to it since the Interim Final Rule of 10 Oct. 2000. Contents: scope (conduct of DOE contractors and personnel, and of other persons whose activities may affect the safety of DOE nuclear facilities); exclusions; definitions; general requirements; enforcement; recordkeeping; graded approach; establishment of Quality Assurance Programs (QAPs), including the quality assessment criteria these programs must take into consideration; safety basis requirements. In annex: general statement of a Safety Basis Policy.
Federal Register, 10 Jan. 2001, Vol.66, No.7, p.1810-1827. [in English]


CIS 03-275 Dor F., Haguenoer J.M., Zmirou D., Empereur-Bissonnet P., Jongeneelen F.J., Nedellec V., Person A., Ferguson C.C., Dab W.
Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene as a biomarker of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exposure of workers on a contaminated site: Influence of exposure conditions
The aim of the study was to determine the exposure levels of workers to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on gasworks sites through the measurement of urinary 1-hydroxypyrene. Start-of-shift and end-of-shift urine samples were collected during five consecutive days, once in November and a second time in June. Four groups of workers were selected according to their activity. Increased exposure was only found among workers involved in the remediation of a site, with levels of 0.16 to 2.31µmol/mol creatinine, while the median level among the nonsmoker referent group was 0.02µmol/mol creatinine. Smokers had greater exposure levels than non-smokers in every group. It is concluded that this method allows the assessment of exposure of persons on contaminated soil on the condition that the exposed subjects be in direct contact with the soil.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Apr. 2000, Vol.42, No.4, p.391-397. Illus. 41 ref.

CIS 02-1890 Kelsh M.A., Kheifets L., Smith R.
The impact of work environment, utility, and sampling design on occupational magnetic field exposure summaries
Most recent epidemiological studies investigating the health effects of occupational magnetic field (MF) exposure have relied on MF data linked to job titles. However, job titles alone explain only a small proportion of exposure variability. An MF occupational exposure database was used to develop job-specific exposure estimates, evaluate the impact of incorporating work environment data to improve exposure assessment and evaluate the importance of random versus nonrandom sampling when estimating mean MF exposure levels by occupational categories. It was found that mean occupation-specific levels varied across different work environments, particularly for craft workers. Work environment (24%) accounted for more exposure variability than occupation (4.9%). It was concluded that MF exposure assessment should consider the work environment as well as the job title in order to reduce exposure misclassification.
AIHA Journal, Mar.-Apr. 2000, Vol.61, No.2, p.174-182. Illus. 38 ref.

CIS 01-1302 Act No.2064-III of 19 Oct. 2000 concerning the physical protection of nuclear installations and materials, radioactive wastes and other sources of ionizing radiation [Ukraine]
Zakon Ukraïny - Pro fizyčnyj zahyst jadernyh ustanovok, jadernyh materialiv, radioaktyvnyh vidhodiv, inšyh džerel ionizujučogo vyprominjuvannja [in Ukrainian]
This law defines the basic principles that the State should apply in its radiation protection policy. In addition, it provides for the creation of a system of vocational training for radiation protection personnel.
Vidomosti verhovnoï rady Ukraïny, 5 Jan. 2001, No.1, p.2-11.

CIS 01-530
Health and Safety Executive
Control of safety risks at gas turbines used for power generation
This guidance is aimed at manufacturers, suppliers and operators of gas turbines (GTs) used for electrical power generation. It mentions the various hazards associated with GTs and describes ways in which they can be eliminated or prevented. Main topics covered: hazards (leaks, ignition, explosion, noise, mechanical hazards, electric shock); risk assessment; precautions against fire; precautions against explosion; GT purging; gas detectors; control systems; emergency procedures; limiting and preventing mechanical failures; electrical issues; electromagnetic radiation; legal requirements.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, July 2000. 8p. 3 ref. Price: GBP 6.50.

CIS 01-540 Villeneuve P.J., Agnew D.A., Miller A.B., Corey P.N., Purdham J.T.
Leukemia in electric utility workers: The evaluation of alternative indices of exposure to 60Hz electric and magnetic fields
The association between adult leukaemia and exposure to electric and magnetic fields was explored by a case-control study of 31,453 Ontario (Canada) electric utility workers. The percentage of time spent above electric field thresholds of 20 and 39V/m was predictive of leukaemia risk after adjusting for duration of employment. Duration of employment was strongly associated with an increased risk of leukaemia. Those who had worked for at least 20 years, and were in the highest tertiles of percentage of time spent above 10 and 20V/m, had odds ratios of 10.17 and 8.23, respectively, when compared with those in the lowest tertile. Non-significant elevations in risk were observed between indices of magnetic fields and leukaemia. The results support the hypothesis that electric fields act as a promoting agent in the aetiology of adult leukaemia. Exposure assessment based on alternative indices of electric and magnetic fields should be incorporated into future occupational studies of cancer.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, June 2000, Vol.37, No.6, p.607-617. 36 ref.

CIS 00-1528
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
General Nuclear Safety and Control Regulations [Canada]
Règlement général sur la sûreté et la réglementation nucléaires [Canada] [in French]
Regulations issued under the authority of the 1997 Nuclear Safety and Control Act. Contents: definitions; licenses; exemptions; obligations (of licensees and workers); prescribed nuclear facilities, equipment and information; contamination; records and reports; role of inspectors and designated officers. Several related regulations, including the Atomic Energy Control Regulations and the Uranium and Thorium Mining Regulations (see CIS 93-1767) are repealed.
Canada Gazette - Gazette du Canada, 21 June 2000, Vol.134, No.13, Part II, p.1127-1142.

CIS 00-1527
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
Radiation Protection Regulations [Canada]
Règlement sur la radioprotection [Canada] [in French]
Regulations issued under the authority of the 1997 Nuclear Safety and Control Act. Contents: definitions; obligations of licensees and nuclear energy workers (implementation of a Radiation Protection Programme, ascertainment and recording of doses, action levels, provision of information, etc.); radiation dose limits; (interpretation, Effective Dose Limits, Equivalent Dose Limits, emergencies, authorization of return to work); dosimetry services; labelling and signs. In schedules: organ and tissue weighting factors, radiation weighting factors; sample radiation warning symbol.
Canada Gazette - Gazette du Canada, 21 June 2000, Vol.134, No.13, Part II, p.1171-1183. Illus.

CIS 00-1175 Mitchell R.J., Williamson A.M.
Evaluation of an 8 hour versus a 12 hour shift roster on employees at a power station
The objective of this study was to examine the changeover from an 8h roster to a 12h roster in a power station. On-shift performance, general health and well-being, sleep and mood behaviour, as well as absenteeism and accident data were examined. Results suggest that the domestic and social life of workers was markedly improved under the 12h roster. Improvements in physical health, sleeping behaviour and mood state of employees were also documented On-shift performance measures showed an increase in error rates at the end of a 12h shift.
Applied Ergonomics, Feb. 2000, Vol.31, No.1, p.83-93. Illus. 37 ref.

CIS 00-1032 Sorokin A.A.
Standards for industrial safety in gas supply industry plants
Normativnoe regulirovanie obespečenija promyšlennoj bezopasnosti na ob"ektah gazovogo hozjajstva [in Russian]
Overview of recent developments in safety-related equipment and test standardization in the Russian gas supply industry. New technical developments include the use of plastic and composite materials for pipes and the corrosion protection of steel pipes. The article also mentions safety problems, as a consequence of reducing gas pressure in regions with poor consumer payment performacne.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, 2000, No.4, p.13-14.

CIS 00-781 Franklin P.J., Goldenberg W.S., Ducatman A.M., Franklin E.
Too hot to handle: An unusual exposure of HDI in specialty painters
Between November 1993 and May 1994, seven painters and one boilermaker who were working at three different power plants were examined following complaints of asthma, dyspnoea or rash. At their respective work sites, hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) was applied to the hot surfaces of boilers that were shut down but not allowed sufficient time to cool. Consequently, these workers were exposed to volatile HDI and its thermal decomposition products. All of these workers underwent a complete physical examination, spirometry and methacholine challenge testing. All 8 workers complained of dyspnoea, while 4 of the 8 also complained of rash. On examination, 3 workers were methacholine challenge positive and 2 had persistent rash. At follow-up 4 years later, 5 workers still had to use inhalation medication and one had progressive asthma and dermatitis. All 8 workers, by the time of the follow-up, had gone through economic and occupational changes.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 2000, Vol.37, No.4, p.431-437. 39 ref.


CIS 01-633 Act No.403 of 23 February 1999 on security in the electric power industry [Estonia]
Elektriohutusseadus [in Estonian]
Zakon ob ėlektrobezopasnosti [in Russian]
This law (effective from 1 May 1999) includes the safety standards to be followed during maintenance or repair work on electrical installations as well as the corresponding responsibilities.
Riigi Teataja, I osa, 18 Mar. 1999, No.29. Russian version in Pravovye Akty Ėstonii, 2 June 1999, No.27, p.899-912.${BASE}=akt&${OOHTML}=rtd&ID='RKs_RT_I_1999,_29,_403' [in Estonian]

CIS 01-239 National Seminar on Boilers in the 21st Century - Towards more efficiency, safety, economy and environment
Topics: economic aspects; India; legislation; pollution control; power generation and distribution; preventive maintenance; safety and productivity; safety by design; steam boilers; welding and cutting.
Multi Disciplinary Centre on Safety, Health and Environment, C-38, Unit 8, Bhubaneswar, 751 003, India, Mar. 1999. 125p. Illus.

CIS 00-833 Kheifets L.I., Gilbert E.S., Sussman S.S., Guénel P., Sahl J.D., Savitz D.A., Thériault G.
Comparative analyses of the studies of magnetic fields and cancer in electric utility workers: Studies from France, Canada and the United States
To summarize and facilitate comparison of three major studies of electric utility workers that examined the relation between exposure to magnetic fields and risk of brain cancer and leukaemia, a common analytical approach was applied to the data of the three studies. A nested case-control design with conditional logistic regression was used to estimate the relative risk/10 microtesla-years (µT-years) for each of the contributing cohorts and for the combined data. Apparent inconsistencies in the findings of these studies can be explained by statistical variation. Overall, the studies suggest a small increase in risk of both brain cancer and leukaemia. Different methodological choices had little impact on the results. Based on a combined analysis of data from ail five studies, the relative risk/10 µT-years was 1.12 for brain cancer, and 1.09 for leukaemia, neither of which was significant at the 95% confidence interval (CI) level. The combined estimates seem to provide the best summary measures of the data from all studies. However, fluctuations in risks among studies may reflect real differences, and the exposure measurements in different studies may not be entirely comparable.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1999, Vol.56, No.8, p.567-574. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 00-139 Hirschberg S., Strupczewski A.
Comparison of accident risks in different energy systems: How acceptable?
Topics: cancer; comparative analysis; cost of accidents; delayed effects; electric power generation; fatalities; hazard evaluation; hydroelectric power stations; liquefied petroleum gas; major hazards; mining industry; natural gas; nuclear power stations; risk factors; thermal power stations; transport.
IAEA Bulletin, Mar. 1999, Vol.41, No.1, p.25-30. Illus.

CIS 99-1519 Baillargeon J., Wilkinson G.S.
Characteristics of the healthy survivor effect among male and female Hanford workers
Follow-up mortality data on 44,154 employees from the Hanford nuclear facility for the period of 1944-1986 were used to estimate the healthy survivor effect according to frequently measured sociodemographic characteristics. While Hanford employees did not exhibit a stepwise decline in standardized mortality ratios according to duration of employment, workers in the longest employment duration category demonstrated a substantial survival advantage compared to the rest of the cohort. This effect was present in both males and females, and in all but the following subgroups: males hired at or after age 40, females hired before age 40, and females classified as both professional and nonprofessional. Findings suggest that investigators should consider the potential confounding role of the healthy survivor effect when relying on standardized mortality ratios, or other methods, to assess the adverse health effects of exposure in occupational cohorts. Topics: cohort study; confounding factors; epidemiologic study; healthy worker effect; length of exposure; mortality; nuclear power stations; radiation equipment and processes; women.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 1999, Vol.35, No.4, p.343-347. 16 ref.

CIS 99-1206 Loomis D., Dufort V., Kleckner R.C., Savitz D.A.
Fatal occupational injuries among electric power company workers
Fatal injuries in a cohort of 127,129 electric utility workers in five electric power companies were investigated. Injuries at work were identified through manual review of death certificates. The overall rate of fatal occupational injuries was 13.20 per 100,000 person-years, with 76% due to electric current, homicide, and falls from heights. Deaths were concentrated in a few groups with elevated injury rates, notably linemen, electricians, and painters. Occupations requiring daily work on elevations or frequent, direct contact with energized electrical equipment experienced markedly higher rates of fatal injury from falls and electrocutions with rate ratios of 21.8 and 16.7, respectively, independent of worker age and seniority. Although fatal injury rates in this industry have declined in recent decades, a need for continued vigilance and efforts at prevention is indicated. Topics: causes of accidents; cohort study; electric power distribution; electric power generation; electrical accidents; falls from heights; fatalities; hazard evaluation; occupational accidents.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 1999, Vol.35, No.3, p.302-309. Illus. 30 ref.


CIS 00-1235 Ordinance No.1047 of 1998 respecting safety at work in high-tension plants [Norway]
Forskrift om sikkerhet ved arbeid i og drift av høyspenningsanlegg [in Norwegian]
Topics: electrical safety; electricity; high voltage; law; live work equipment; Norway; plant safety organization; power generation and distribution; work on electrical equipment.
Norsk Lovtidend, 9 Dec. 1998, Part I, Vol.20, No.1047, p.1631-1640.

CIS 00-924
Health and Safety Executive
Health and Safety: The Gas Safety (Installations and Use) Regulations 1998 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations consolidate and modify British legislation concerning the safe installation and use of gas fittings in order to protect the public from dangers arising from the distribution, supply and use of gas. The 1994 Regulations on the same topic, and their two 1996 amendments, are revoked.
The Stationery Office, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United-Kingdom, 1998. 24p. Price: GBP 4.15.

CIS 00-625 Act No.20 (III) of 1998 ratifying the Convention on Nuclear Safety [Cyprus]
Sumbasê gia tên purênikê asfaleia [in Greek]
This Convention applies to the safety of nuclear installations. Topics: approval; Cyprus; emergency organization; hazard evaluation; international agreements; international cooperation; law; nuclear power stations; particulate radiation; radiation protection; safety analysis; safety and health organization.
Episêmos Efêmeris tês Dêmokratias, 11 Dec. 1998, Part III, No.3287, p.1210-1246.

CIS 00-245
Health and Safety Commission
Safety in the installation and use of gas systems and appliances - Approved Code of Practice and guidance
Replaces CIS 95-335. Topics: chimneys; comment on law; directive; equipment testing; gas burners; gas distribution; installation of pipe systems; leakage; metering; pipes and fittings; qualifications; responsibilities; safety engineering; town gas; United Kingdom; valves.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1998. vi, 98p. Illus. Price: GBP 10.95.

CIS 00-291 Niedhammer I., Goldberg M., Leclerc A., Bugel I., David S.
Psychosocial factors at work and subsequent depressive symptoms in the Gazel cohort
A prospective cohort of workers employed in a wide variety of occupations by the French national company EDF-GDF was studied in order to establish whether psychosocial factors at work are predictors of depressive symptoms. Self-administered questionnaires provided information about the psychosocial work environment characteristics, psychological job demands, decision latitude, and social support at work. Potential confounding variables were age, marital status, number of children, stressful personal and occupational events during the previous 12 months, educational level, occupation and previous absenteeism for mental disorders. High levels of psychological demands, low levels of decision latitude, and low levels of social support at work were significant predictors of subsequent depressive symptoms in both men and women workers. Results strongly support the possibility that psychosocial factors at work are predictive of depressive symptoms.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, June 1998, Vol.24, No.3, p.197-205. 39 ref.

CIS 99-1326 Palmer K., Crane G., Inskip H.
Symptoms of hand-arm vibration syndrome in gas distribution operatives
153 gas distribution operatives were assessed by an administered questionnaire, a clinical examination, and a simple cold challenge test to the hands. Past vibration exposures were estimated. On average, the sample had spent 16 years in employment involving use of vibratory tools. The risks of blanching and neurological complaints rose significantly with lifetime hours of use of vibrating tools and lifetime dose of vibration. Symptoms were generally mild and apparent only after a prolonged interval, but there were exceptions, and cases had occurred after lower recent exposures. It has been suggested that aspects of the gas distribution operative's work mitigate against the risk normally anticipated from use of pneumatic road breaking tools. By contrast these data suggest that symptoms of hand-arm vibration syndrome do occur, given sufficient exposure, a finding relevant not only to gas supply workers, but also to workers from other industries who break and repair road surfaces. Topics: carpal-tunnel syndrome; dose-response relationship; epidemiologic study; exposure evaluation; gas distribution; hand-arm vibration; paraesthesia; pneumatic tools; Raynaud's phenomenon; road work; vibrating tools; vibration disease.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 1998, Vol.55, No.10, p.716-721. 26 ref.

CIS 99-1043 Niedhammer I., Bugel I., Goldberg M., Leclerc A., Guéguen A.
Psychosocial factors at work and sickness absence in the Gazel cohort: A prospective study
A long-term study of workers employed in various occupations by the French national electricity and gas company showed that low levels of decision latitude were associated with more frequent and longer sickness absenteeism among both men and women. Low levels of social support at work increased the number of spells and days of absence among men only. Psychosocial factors at work, especially decision latitude, are predictive of sickness absenteeism. Topics: cohort study; human relations; long-term study; power generation and distribution; psychology of absenteeism; risk factors; sickness absenteeism; social aspects.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1998, Vol.55, No.11, p.735-741. 30 ref.

CIS 99-102 Bransby M.L., Jenkinson J.
Health and Safety Executive
The management of alarm systems
Topics: acoustic signalling; alarm systems; automatic alarms; chemical industry; design of equipment; electric power generation; human factors; report; subjective assessment; survey; United Kingdom; visual displays.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. xi, 230p. Illus. 174 ref. Price: GBP 63.50.


CIS 05-419 Vanttola T., Puska E.K.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
RETU - The Finnish research programme on reactor safety - Interim report 1995 - May 1997
The Finnish national research programme on nuclear reactor safety is introduced and the scientific and technical results obtained during the period 1995 - 1997 are described. The government-funded programme allows for the commissioning of impartial expertise for the regulation of nuclear power, the training of new experts, the improvement of technology transfer and the international exchange of scientific results. Emphasis was given to the search for safe limits of nuclear fuel and the reactor core, accident management methods and risk management of nuclear power plant operation.
VTT Information Service, P.O.Box 2000, 02044 VTT, Finland, 1997. 168p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 57.00 (+ 8% VAT). Downloadable version free of charge. [in English]

CIS 05-418 Sairanen R.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Severe accident assessment - Results of the reactor safety research project VHATI
This report provides a summary of the nuclear reactor safety research project "Severe Accident Management" conducted at the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) in 1994-96. The project was divided into five work packages: thermal hydraulic validation of the Advanced Process Simulation Environment (APROS) code; core melt progression within a boiling water reactor (BWR) pressure vessel; failure mode of the BWR pressure vessel; aerosol behaviour experiments; development of a computerized severe accident training tool.
VTT Information Service, P.O.Box 2000, 02044 VTT, Finland, 1997. 93p. Illus. 74 ref. Price: EUR 43.00 (+ 8% VAT).

CIS 01-649 Order of 12 May 1997 concerning the limitation of noise emitted by power generators [France]
Arrêté du 12 mai 1997 relatif à la limitation des émissions sonores des groupes électrogènes de puissance [France] [in French]
This Order introduces into French legislation the provisions of Directive No.84/536/EEC (see CIS 95-1198), as modified by Directive No.85/408/EEC (see CIS 98-1571). In annex: method for the measurement of airborne noise emitted by power generators, in light of the requirements of EEC type certificates and conformity tests.
Journal officiel de la République française, 3 June 1997, No.127, p.8956-8958.

CIS 99-1324 Deadman J.E., Church G., Bradley C., Armstrong B.G., Thériault G.
Task-based estimation of past exposures to 60-hertz magnetic and electric fields at an electrical utility
Past exposures of electric utility workers to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields and electric fields were estimated based on current intensities and durations of exposures for tasks or work locations in 14 job categories. Past task or location intensities were extrapolated from the present, and past task or location durations were estimated for long-term workers. Time-weighted average (TWA) exposures for past periods were reconstructed for jobs from the intensity and duration estimates. Magnetic fields were estimated to have increased the most over time for substation and distribution-line jobs. Magnetic field exposures for jobs in the generation and transmission of electricity were estimated to have increased very little. For electric fields in substations, the estimated increase over time was less than for magnetic fields. Reconstruction of TWA exposures allowed changes in the intensity and the duration of exposures to be considered separately. Topics: electric fields; electric power generation; electromagnetic radiation; exposure evaluation; job-exposure relation; length of exposure; long-term exposure; magnetic fields; power generation and distribution; substations.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Oct. 1997, Vol.23, No.6, p.440-449. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 99-382 Decree No.97-137 of 13 Feb. 1997 amending Decree No.75-306 of 28 Apr. 1975 concerning the protection of workers against the dangers of ionizing radiation in basic nuclear plants [France]
Décret n°97-137 du 13 fév. 1997 modifiant le décret n°75-306 du 28 avr. 1975 relatif à la protection des travailleurs contre les dangers des rayonnements ionisants dans les installations nucléaires de base [France] [in French]
This Decree amends Decree No.75-306 of 28 Apr. 1975 (CIS 75-1322). Topics: approval; France; industrial physicians; ionizing radiation; law; medical supervision; nuclear power stations; plant health services; radiation equipment and processes; radiation protection; subcontractors.
Journal officiel de la République française, 15 Feb. 1997, No.39, p.2601-2602.

CIS 98-1625 Sahl J.D., Kelsh M.A., Haines K.D., Sands F., Kraus J.
Acute work injuries among electric utility linemen
Topics: accident agencies; age-linked differences; California; causes of accidents; electric power distribution; electric power transmission; epidemiologic study; frequency rates; injuries; length of service; location of injury; occupational accidents; power generation and distribution; severity rates; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 1997, Vol.31, No.2, p.223-232. 12 ref.

CIS 98-1710 Schroeder J.C., Savitz D.A.
Lymphoma and multiple myeloma mortality in relation to magnetic field exposure among electric utility workers
Topics: age-linked differences; cancer; electric power generation; electromagnetic fields; epidemiologic study; exposure evaluation; Hodgkin's disease; length of exposure; lymphoma; magnetic fields; mortality; myeloma; race-linked differences; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 1997, Vol.32, No.4, p.392-402. 53 ref.

CIS 98-1449 Nambi K.S.V., Mayya Y.S.
Pooled analysis of cancer mortality cases among the employees in five units of the Department of Atomic Energy in India
Topics: dosimetry; exposure evaluation; India; latency; mortality; nuclear power stations; radiation cancer; radiation monitoring; statistical evaluation; survey.
Indian Journal of Cancer, Sep. 1997, Vol.34, No.3, p.99-106. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 98-1085 Order of 28 May 1997 on the content of specialized training of occupational practitioners responsible for the medical supervision of external contractors working in core nuclear installations [France]
Arrêté du 28 mai 1997 relatif au contenu de la formation spécifique des médecins du travail chargés d'assurer la surveillance médicale des travailleurs des entreprises extérieures intervenant dans les installations nucléaires de base [France] [in French]
Topics: France; industrial physicians; legislation; medical supervision; nuclear power stations; subcontractors; training of OSH personnel.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 1997, No.71, p.294-295.

CIS 98-1084 Order of 28 May 1997 on the approval of occupational medical services responsible for the medical supervision of external contractors working in core nuclear installations [France]
Arrêté du 28 mai 1997 relatif aux modalités d'habilitation des services médicaux du travail chargés d'assurer la surveillance médicale des travailleurs des entreprises extérieures intervenant dans les installations nucléaires de base [France] [in French]
Topics: France; legislation; medical supervision; nuclear power stations; plant health services; subcontractors.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 1997, No.71, p.293-294.

CIS 97-1552 Process industry
These nine chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine health and safety issues in various process industries: power generation; chemical industry; polymers and rubbers; paint industry; pharmaceutical industry; biotechnology industry; food processing industry; paper, pulp and chloralkali industry; tobacco industry.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.2, p.297-433. Illus. Bibl.ref.


CIS 98-270
Health and Safety Commission
Design, construction and installation of gas service pipes
Guidance on regulations for the design, construction and installation of gas service pipes (United Kingdom), 1996. Topics: comment on law; explosion hazards; gas distribution; legislation; piping; qualifications; safety by design; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iv, 19p. Illus. 35 ref.

CIS 97-2028 Guénel P., et al.
Exposure to 50-Hz electric field and incidence of leukemia, brain tumors, and other cancers among French electric utility workers
The association between cancer and exposure to electric fields was investigated in a case-control study nested within a cohort of 170,000 workers employed at the French electric utility company Electricité de France (EDF) between 1978 and 1989. Exposure was assessed by personal monitoring of 850 EDF workers for a full work week. The analysis did not show any increased risk for leukaemia. For brain tumours (69 cases) there was some indication of a dose-response relation, although the risk did not increase uniformly with exposure. An unexpected association was also observed for colon cancer, but not for any other type of cancer. This study indicates that electric fields may have a specific effect on the risk of brain tumour.
American Journal of Epidemiology, 1996, Vol.144, No.12, p.1107-1121. 41 ref.

CIS 97-1420 Atomic Energy (Factories) Rules, 1996 [India]
These regulations (effective: 22 June 1996) concern safety and health rules applying to nuclear energy establishments managed by the State. Contents: inspection requirements; health requirements; safety (in particular as it applies to various kinds of machinery and equipment; excessive weights; eye protection; fire protection and prevention); safety officers and safety organization; welfare facilities; first aid; medical examinations; working hours; general requirements; medical requirements; operations requiring the use of specific dangerous substances; noise protection; use of highly flammable liquids and flammable compressed gases; radioactive substances; lasers and optical radiation; motor vehicle garages; cryogenic liquids. In appendix: certificates, reports and other forms.
Gazette of India, 22 June 1996, No.25, Part II, Sec.3 subsection (i), p.1115-1210 (Hindi), p.1211-1302 (English).

CIS 96-1685 Goldberg M., Chevalier A., Imbernon E., Coing F., Pons H.
The epidemiological information system of the French national electricity and gas company: The SI-EPI project
This report describes the epidemiological information system (SI-EPI), developed by Electricité de France-Gaz de France (EDF-GDF). This system covers data on approximately 150,000 workers involved in the production, transmission and distribution of energy. The databases constituting SI-EPI deal with: population aspects, health aspects, occupational exposure and working conditions. The latter includes information on exposure to 30 potentially carcinogenic agents, as well as surveillance aspects. Beside these, the cohort database, called GAZEL, concerns a sample of more than 20,000 volunteer workers, followed since 1989. From the beginning of the SI-EPI project in 1978, one or more of its databases have provided data for many epidemiological studies in various contexts, e.g.: mortality and morbidity studies.
Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1996, Vol.87, No.1, p.16-28. 54 ref.

CIS 96-1453
Health and Safety Executive
A guide to the Gas Safety (Management) Regulations 1996
This guide presents the text of the Gas Safety (Management) Regulations 1996 with accompanying guidance. Contents: interpretation of the Regulations; duties of persons conveying gas (preparation of a safety case, appointment of a network emergency co-ordinator (NEC)); revision of safety cases; duty to conform with the safety case; co-operation with gas transporters and the NEC; procedure during gas escapes and investigations; content and other characteristics of gas; keeping of documents. Schedules cover particulars to be included in safety cases and technical data on gas characteristics.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iii, 52p. Illus. 4 ref. Price: GBP 8.50.


CIS 97-1915 Metal and steelworks, foundries, power and thermal power stations
Metal-, stålværker og støberier, el- og varmeværker [in Danish]
A systematic summary of publications and documentation regarding working environment and health factors in Danish metalworking establishments, steelworks, foundries and power stations. There are approx. 5,700 people working in metal, steel and foundry establishments and 14,400 people in power stations. The main working environment problems are accidents, noise and respiratory diseases. Other problems are strain injuries, cancer and thermal strain.
Arbejdstilsynet, At-Salg, Landskronagade 33, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1995. 86p. Price: DKK 100.00 + tax.

CIS 96-1941 Act No.170-FZ of 21 Nov. 1995 on the use of nuclear energy [Russian Federation]
Federal'nyj zakon ob ispol'zovanii atomnoj ėnergii [in Russian]
This Act (effective: 27 Nov. 1995) provides for the regulation of the use of nuclear energy, as it relates to the protection of workers and the environment, and to the strengthening of international cooperation in the matter.
Sobranie Zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii, 27 Nov. 1995, No.48, p.8458-8491.

CIS 96-699 Doniol-Shaw G., Huez D., Sandret N.
Temporary workers in the nuclear industry
Les intermittents du nucléaire [in French]
This book presents the results of the first stage of an epidemiologic study on temporary workers directly exposed to ionizing radiation while performing maintenance work during shut down procedures in French nuclear plants. The results of this survey highlight the repercussions of the working conditions on workers from contracting firms in this industry and the influence that factors specific to work organization have on their psychological and physical health. These data as a whole constitute also a reference for future surveys as well as being a prevention instrument and a tool for immediate action to modify work situations.
Octarès Editions, 24 rue de Nazareth, 31000 Toulouse, France, 1995. 250p. Price: FRF 180.00.

CIS 96-1088 Flemming H.C.
Biofouling and biocorrosion - Effects of undesired biofilms
Biofouling und Biokorrosion - die Folgen unerwünschter Biofilme [in German]
Microorganisms are capable of growing on the surface of various kinds of equipment and materials. For example, microbial layers called biofilms have been found on heat exchanger surfaces, in dental equipment, on electronic controls and in water conduits. They may interfere with processes such as heat exchange and filtering processes and be the cause of infections such as legionellosis. They can contribute to corrosion. About 20% of all corrosion damage to metals and building materials is attributed to biofilms. The mechanism of microbial corrosion is explained.
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik, Nov. 1995, Vol.67, No.11, p.1425-1430. Illus. 12 ref.

CIS 96-834 Imbernon E., Goldberg M., Bonenfant S., Chevalier A., Guénel P., Vatré R., Dehaye J.
Occupational respiratory cancer and exposure to asbestos: A case-control study in a cohort of workers in the electricity and gas industry
In a study of male workers in the French electricity and gas industry between 1978 and 1989, cases of cancer of the pleura (12), lung cancer (310) and cancer of the larynx (116) were matched with controls from within the same company. Exposure to asbestos and other substances was estimated using a job-exposure matrix specific to the company. There was a clear association between asbestos exposure and pleural cancer. Some association between asbestos exposure and lung cancer was observed in the two highest cumulative exposure categories. Occupational exposure to asbestos could increase the risk of pleural and lung cancer even at relatively low exposure levels.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 1995, Vol.28, No.3, p.339-352. 36 ref.

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