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Petroleum and natural gas industry - 659 entries found

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  • Petroleum and natural gas industry

1992

CIS 93-1718 Jones M.E., Leddra M.J., Goldsmith A.S., Edwards D.
Health and Safety Executive
The geomechanical characteristics of reservoirs and reservoir rocks
This report discusses the mechanical behaviour of hydrocarbon reservoir rocks from theoretical, experimental and practical standpoints. The in situ stress and deformation states existing in hydrocarbon reservoirs and the details of how these can be altered during hydrocarbon production are discussed. Data on rock reservoir deformations is necessary in assessing the probability of a deformation problem occurring, estimating its cost and the impact of any safety and environmental implications. A knowledge of the geomechanics of the reservoir rock may influence the design of the hydrocarbon production strategy.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 202p. Illus. 100 ref. Price: GBP 40.00.

CIS 93-1318 Booth M., Butler J.D.
A new approach to permit to work systems offshore
On 6 July 1988, the North Sea oil installation Piper Alpha was destroyed following a series of explosions and a major fire. One hundred and sixty-five men lost their lives. One of the most significant causes of the tragedy on Piper Alpha was the breakdown in co-ordination of hazardous activities. This should have been achieved through the Permit to Work procedures. The failure of these procedures led many operators of offshore oil installations to review their own systems. This article is about the radical overhaul of the Permit to Work procedure of one of the largest operators, Shell UK Exploration and Production, and the introduction of the revised systems to over 30 of its installations over a period of 18 months. Particular emphasis is placed on the control and co-ordination of dangerous operations, the maintenance of effective plant and process isolations and the establishment of defined authorities and responsibilities. All these have been backed up by an extensive training and competence assurance programme reinforced by strict auditing and a quality improvement process.
Safety Science, Nov. 1992, Vol.15, Nos.4-6, Special issue, p.309-326. 3 ref.

CIS 93-1244 Flin R.H., Slaven G.M.
The selection and training of offshore installations managers. A survey of UK companies
A survey of the procedures used to select and train offshore installation managers (OIMs) working on UK oil and gas installations covered 38 companies, employing a total of 424 OIMs, that provided detailed information on their selection, training and assessment methods. The majority of OIMs are recruited internally. Selection decisions are based predominantly on previous performance on the OIMs ability to take command in an emergency, appraisal reports and managerial recommendations rather than more formal methods such as assessment centres or psychometric tests. Many of the companies surveyed are currently examining and refining their OIM selection, training and assessment procedures.
The Robert Gordon University, Business Research Unit, Kepplestone House, Viewfield Road, Aberdeen AB9 2PW, United Kingdom, June 1992. iv, 63p. 5 ref.

CIS 93-1320 Cowley L.R.
Steel Construction Institute
Current fire research: Experimental, theoretical and predictive modelling resources. Volumes 1 and 2
This report is one of a series concerning fire loading on offshore structures and provides a compilation of worldwide fire science and engineering activities. Organisations and individuals active in this area were approached and their responses are reproduced in this report. Information was requested on: organisation name, address, type and size; activities; policy on collaborative research and on open publication of research findings; experience; current research; future capabilities; research publications; predictive tools in use.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. Vol.1, 448p.; Vol.2, 344p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 80.00.

CIS 93-1319
Steel Construction Institute
The effects of simplification of the explosion pressure-time history
This report is one of a series of reports concerning blast resistance of offshore structures. Pressure-time histories recorded during gas/vapour cloud explosion blast tests were studied in order to gain an insight into the kinds of loads experienced. Examples of some typical explosion pressure-time histories are described along with blast loads and their characteristics and effects on response by idealisation of loads. Areas of uncertainty include the derivation and idealisation of net loads on structures and the response of more complex and larger scale structures.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 114p. Illus. 60 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.

CIS 93-1339
Health and Safety Executive
A guide to the Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Regulations 1992
This guidance concerns the preparation of safety cases (detailed safety plans) to be submitted by the operator or owner of every offshore installation. Guidance is given on each of the Regulations and Schedules including: safety cases for fixed and mobile installations, for combined operations and for abandonment of fixed installations; management of health and safety and control of major accident hazards; revision of safety cases; duty to conform with safety case; notification of well operations and of construction activities. A concluding section sets out more detailed guidance on the preparation of safety cases.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. xii, 82p. 38 ref. Price: GBP 6.75.

CIS 93-992
Steel Construction Institute
Availability and properties of passive and active fire protection systems
This report is one of a series concerning fire resistance of offshore structures and considers various types of passive and active fire protection systems. List of definitions and abbreviations. The philosophy of design of passive fire protection is outlined along with a list of commercially available fire protection products (intumescents, spray coatings, fire seals, rigid and flexible insulation, enclosures and casings and fire walls). Current active fire protection design is described along with alternative fire protection systems. List of definitions and abbreviations.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 102p. 9 ref. Price: GBP 12.50.

CIS 93-991 Cotgreave T.
Steel Construction Institute
Passive fire protection: Performance requirements and test methods
This report is one of a series concerning fire resistance of offshore structures. Performance requirements for offshore passive fire protective systems are appraised along with an assessment of the adequacy of current tests for ensuring that performance. Types of fire and explosion events are described, followed by a review of passive fire protection usage and standard fire tests for elements of construction. Performance considerations include installation requirements, durability under service conditions in the pre-fire phase, exposure to fire conditions likely to be experienced offshore and the effects of explosions. Glossary of organisations and official bodies, and of terms and abbreviations.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 77p. 77 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-990
Steel Construction Institute
Methodologies and available tools for the design/analysis of steel components at elevated temperatures
This report is one of a series concerning fire resistance of offshore structures. Design methods and tools which may be used to assess the structural response of steel structures under fire conditions are identified and their development and potential application to offshore structures are reviewed. The thermal response of structures is outlined in terms of types of fire, thermal loading and calculation of steel temperature. The application of the code-check and progressive collapse methods to the analysis of structures at elevated temperatures is described. Computer analysis packages are also reviewed. Glossary of terms and nomenclature.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 149p. 37 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.

CIS 93-989
Steel Construction Institute
Experimental data relating to the performance of steel components at elevated temperatures
This report is one of a series concerning fire resistance of offshore structures. Temperature dependent material properties for the various types of steel that are commonly found in offshore installations are examined; these include structural steels and "boiler" steels used for pressure vessels and some piping. The effects of the steel making process and the chemical composition of the steels are considered and an outline of the use of steel on offshore structures is presented. The study shows that there is limited test data at elevated temperatures for steels which are not the common structural steels, and data which are available should be used with caution. Glossary.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 83p. Illus. 25 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-988
Steel Construction Institute
Analysis of projectiles
This report is one of a series concerning blast resistance of offshore structures. A review is presented of the data available on the mechanisms by which missiles could be generated following an incident on an offshore platform. The data relate to primary missiles generated by failure of a pressure vessel or rotating machinery and secondary objects created by the blast wind. Test facilities available at various establishment are also described. Formulae for evaluating the resistance of various targets to missile impact are reviewed and compared with test results.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 71p. Illus. 48 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-987 Al-Hassani S.T.S., Reid S.R.
Steel Construction Institute
The effects of high strain rates on material properties
This report is one of a series concerning blast resistance of offshore structures. A literature survey was carried out on strain effects in steel. It was found that there is virtually no work published on the strain rate behaviour of 50D steels although the survey does contain information on steel with a similar carbon content. The various parameters defining the shape of the stress-strain curve of steel are discussed and the sensitivity of each to strain rate and temperature are examined. A discussion is also presented on glass fibre reinforced composites.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 263p. Illus. 262 ref. Price: GBP 35.00.

CIS 93-986
Steel Construction Institute
Computerised analysis for assessing the response of structures subjected to blast loading
This report is one of a series concerning blast resistance of offshore structures. Finite element (FE) analysis packages appropriate for the assessment of structures subject to dynamic blast loading are described. An introduction to the subject of FE analysis is followed by a review of the analysis types required to determine blast resistance and a summary of the capabilities required of FE programmes to enable an accurate assessment of blast. A review is presented of the most suitable programmes selected from the results of a questionnaire survey among various companies.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 159p. 5 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.

CIS 93-985
Steel Construction Institute
Explicit analytical methods for determining structural response
This report is one of a series concerning blast resistance of offshore structures. Simplified methods of analysis for determining structural response due to blast loading are reviewed. The assessment focuses on two approaches both of which are suitable, subject to their limitations, for predicting responses of relatively simple structural components. Structural codes used by the offshore industry were also reviewed to determine those most suitable for blast design. Responses to a questionnaire received as part of an industry-wide survey are reproduced.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 117p. 19 ref. Price: GBP 12.50.

CIS 93-984
Steel Construction Institute
Oil and gas fires: Characteristics and impact
This report is one of a series concerning fire loading on offshore structures. A review is presented of the current knowledge of the characteristics and consequences of large, open oil and gas hydrocarbon fires of relevance to offshore safety and the ability to predict fire properties for hazard assessment and fire engineering. Types of fire include pool and running liquid fires, jet fires, cloud fires and fireballs. Predictive models are also reviewed. A major gap in current knowledge is the poor ability to predict effects of scale and fuel type. List of definitions and abbreviations.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 238p. Illus. 173 ref. Price: GBP 25.00.

CIS 93-983
Steel Construction Institute
The prediction of the pressure loading on structures resulting from an explosion
This report is one of a series concerning blast loading on offshore structures. An overview of pressure loading on structures is presented followed by a review of theoretical and experimental research relevant to the prediction of loads on structures resulting from explosions in offshore modules. The current state of knowledge is summarised along with areas of uncertainty. There was found to be a lack of both experimental information and of proven instrumentation techniques capable of measuring loads directly under explosion conditions. Glossary.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 45p. Illus. 10 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-982
Steel Construction Institute
Fire/blast performance of explosion/fire damaged structural and containment steelwork
This report is one of a series concerning fire resistance of offshore structures and reviews the behaviour of typical offshore structural elements and assemblies under combined fire and explosion loadings. Current regulations and design methods are outlined followed by a review of the effects of fire and explosions on undamaged components, the assessment of combined fire and explosion resistance and the development of acceptance criteria for fire and explosion resistant structures.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 49p. 13 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-981
Steel Construction Institute
Existing fire design criteria for secondary, support and system steelwork
This report is one of a series concerning fire resistance of offshore structures and relates to fire design criteria for secondary steelwork. Fire design requirements are discussed along with methods and calculations. The study shows that, almost without exception, secondary steelwork has not previously been designed to withstand fire loads. Fire protection of secondary steelwork in key areas may be increased by making use of materials with enhanced fire-resistant, durability and corrosion-proof properties.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 88p. 14 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-980 Cowley L.T.
Steel Construction Institute
Behaviour of oil and gas fires in the presence of confinement and obstacles
This report is one of a series concerning fire loading on offshore structures. A review is presented of current knowledge on the characteristics and hazards produced by hydrocarbon fires in offshore structures where there are degrees of confinement and presence of obstructions, and the ability to predict fire behaviour for hazard assessment and fire engineering. Specific predictive models are reviewed and a survey of computer models for fire and smoke is included. The report should be read with that on open fires (OTI 92 596, CIS 93-984).
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 307p. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 33.00.

CIS 93-979
Steel Construction Institute
Possible ways of mitigating explosions on offshore structures
This report is one of a series concerning blast loading on offshore structures. An overview of explosion mitigation is presented followed by a review of information on explosion relief, explosion suppressant systems, blast containment, blast deflection and module layout. Since no accurate methods are available for the assessment of techniques other than suppressant systems, it cannot confidently be predicted that specific applications will reduce explosion over-pressures to acceptable magnitudes. The complex interaction of suppressant with explosion flame is also poorly understood.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 52p. Illus. 37 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-978
Steel Construction Institute
Explosions in highly congested volumes
This report is one of a series concerning blast loading on offshore structures. An overview of explosions in highly congested volumes is presented followed by a review of theoretical and experimental research relevant to the problem of predicting explosion over-pressures in most offshore modules. Since there is limited experimental data available which is directly relevant to the offshore problem and the predictive accuracy of theoretical models is also limited, design engineers should not rely on any single approach to explosion prediction.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 62p. Illus. 11 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-977
Steel Construction Institute
Confined vented explosions
This report is one of a series concerning blast loading on offshore structures. An overview of confined vented explosions is presented followed by a review of theoretical and experimental research including predictive modelling techniques. The report is only relevant to the problem of essentially empty volumes. The majority of "classical" methods for predicting peak vented explosion over-pressures are inappropriate to the general offshore explosion problem. Further work is needed to identify the effects of turbulence and the scale dependence of the combustion processes.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 51p. Illus. 7 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-976
Steel Construction Institute
Gas/vapour build up on offshore structures
This report is one of a series concerning blast loading on offshore structures. Information relevant to the prediction of gas or vapour build-up in offshore structures is summarised and reviewed. This includes data on the natural or forced ventilation flows in a module during normal operation and on the flow field set up by the release itself. The limited amount of information available on how these motions are likely to interact is also examined. A summary of the current state of knowledge is given along with current uncertainties.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 56p. Illus. 65 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-975
Steel Construction Institute
Experimental facilities suitable for use in studies of fire and explosion hazards in offshore structures
This report is one of a series addressing general issues relevant to blast and fire engineering for offshore structures. Details are given of worldwide experimental facilities suitable for the study of explosion hazards. (Fire research facilities are reviewed in report OTI 92 598). Replies to an experimental facilities questionnaire were received from 47 organisations and are reproduced in this report. A review of the data shows that there are few facilities capable of carrying out large scale explosion experiments and there are no explosion rigs of a scale suitable for modelling a complete offshore module.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 312p. Illus. Price: GBP 35.00.

CIS 93-974
Steel Construction Institute
Legislation, codes of practice and certification requirements
This report is one of a series addressing general issues relevant to blast and fire engineering for offshore structures. Regulations, codes of practice and certification requirements used in the specification and certification of blast and fire resistant structures are identified and summarised. In general, there is a lack of any regulations or guidance relating to the treatment of explosions offshore, while documents relating to fire stem largely from the shipping and onshore building industries. The implications of the report of the public inquiry into the Piper Alpha disaster are also discussed.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 42p. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-973
Steel Construction Institute
Generic foundation data to be used in the assessment of blast and fire scenarios and typical structural details for primary, secondary and supporting structures/components
This report is one of a series addressing general issues relevant to blast and fire engineering for offshore structures. Information on 21 platforms was examined in order to establish generic data and information representative of existing and new installations in the North Sea. A description of previous and present-day practice for offshore structures is presented with particular emphasis on topside structures, modular construction, equipment and utilities, secondary structures, module cladding and non-structural components. A set of four representative modules has been established for each of which design details have been developed enabling the investigation of various fire/blast scenarios.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 69p. Illus. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-1022 Robinson R.W., Hamilton J.
Health and Safety Executive
A criterion for assessing wind induced crossflow vortex vibrations in wind sensitive structures
The current state of the art for assessing the sensitivity of offshore structures to wind induced vortex vibrations is reviewed. Data are presented indicating that the level of structural damping decreases for slender tubulars and appropriate damping values are proposed. Based on these assumptions, a screening method is proposed for tubulars and a methodology presented for assessing the maximum stresses and the fatigue life. This document supersedes the original report OTO 88 021.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. iv, 48p. Illus. 20 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.

CIS 93-871 Kenny J.P.
Health and Safety Executive
Buckling of offshore structural components - Report of the UK Cohesive Buckling Research Programme 1983-1985
This report summarises the content of a number of reports, theses and technical publications produced during the course of this research programme. The majority of the projects are concerned with the analysis and design of various large thin-walled steel shells increasingly used as major structural and buoyancy elements in fixed and floating offshore structures. In particular, a study was made of structural damage and its effect on buckling strengths of thin-walled structural components. A complete list of all the programme reports is included.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. xviii, 234p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 110.00.

CIS 93-972
Steel Construction Institute
The use of alternative materials in the design and construction of blast and fire resistant structures
This report is one of a series addressing general issues relevant to blast and fire engineering for offshore structures. The current use of alternative materials to steels in explosion and fire resistant structures is reviewed; in particular, glass fibre reinforced plastics and aluminium. The major suppliers and manufacturers are identified, along with brief descriptions of their existing and proprietary explosion and fire resistant products. Technical details regarding fundamental material properties and design approaches have been collated and existing design codes and regulations are reviewed. Definitions and glossary of terms.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 154p. Illus. 10 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.

CIS 93-971
Steel Construction Institute
The prediction of single and two-phase release rates
This report is one of a series addressing general issues relevant to blast and fire engineering for offshore structures. Information relevant to the prediction of the rate of release of material from vessels or pipework on offshore structures is summarised and reviewed. The survey considers releases through holes or punctures with a diameter of up to 100mm in pipework or vessels containing pressurised gases or liquids. Particular attention is given to the nature of the likely flows and the uncertainties involved in predicting two-phase flows.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 61p. 54 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-970
Steel Construction Institute
Representative range of blast fire scenarios
This report is one of a series addressing general issues relevant to blast and fire engineering for offshore structures and relates to the definition of a representative range of blast and fire scenarios. A selection rationale is presented, followed by a description of the approach adopted to establish the scope of this study. The specific methodology and priority rating system adopted is discussed and a description of the selected base event and scenarios is presented. The selected representative modules defined in report OTO 92 585 are used to develop a geometry and obstacle database which is described in this report.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 35p. Illus. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 93-883
Oil Industry Advisory Committee
Guidance on health and safety monitoring in the petroleum industry
This guidance note provides a general introduction to the concept of health and safety monitoring in the petroleum industry; it does not give detailed information on how to design a complete system. Contents: definition of a monitoring system; reasons for monitoring; basic features of good systems; working with contractors; aspects covered by a monitoring system; operation of the system. A list of proprietary systems with contact addresses is provided.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. iii, 12p. 4 ref. Price: GBP 2.50.

CIS 93-873 Flin R.H., Slaven G.M.
Health and Safety Executive
The selection and training of offshore installation managers. Second interim report
This interim report presents the findings of an investigation into the selection, training and assessment of Offshore Installation Managers (OIMs) with particular reference to their ability to take command in an offshore emergency. A set of 26 recommendations were made divided into five sections: selection criteria, selection methods, emergency command training, the use of simulated emergencies and formal competence assessment procedures.
HSE Information Centre, Broad Lane, Sheffield S3 7HQ, United Kingdom, Oct. 1992. iii, 117p. 51 ref. Price: GBP 30.00.

CIS 93-1039 Tsai S.P., Gilstrap E.L., Cowles S.R., Waddell L.C., Ross C.E.
Personal and job characteristics of musculoskeletal injuries in an industrial population
A cross-sectional study of 10,350 employees of an oil manufacturing facility was conducted; 275 employees with low back and 456 with non-low back musculoskeletal injuries were compared with 8,295 employees without such injuries. The study shows that estimated relative risks (RRs) for low back injuries are significantly higher among smokers (RR=1.54, P<.01) and overweight persons (RR=1.42, P<.01). This is also true for non-low back musculoskeletal injury (RR=1.23, P=.05 for smokers and RR=1.53, P<.01 for the overweight). Persons in more physically demanding jobs had an increased RR for both low back and non-low back musculoskeletal injuries (RR=1.57, P<.01 and RR=1.35, P=.02, respectively). An integrated injury prevention programme for such injuries is suggested.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, June 1992, Vol.34, No.6, p.606-612. 51 ref.

CIS 93-358 Hollobone T., Mirzoeff J.
The European Community and its offshore oil and gas legislation [CEC]
This survey of European Communities (EC) legislation concerning offshore oil and gas extraction contains a general description of the EC legislation process. It also contains detailed summaries of relevant EC legislative provisions (mostly directives), classified by broad subject area: consents for exploration, production and transmission; safety and health at work; EC conformity measures; work with dangerous substances; environmental protection; employment. In annex: glossary of terms; abbreviations.
T.A. Hollobone and Co. Limited, 177A High Street, Beckenham, Kent BR3 1AH, United Kingdom, 1992. ii, 75p. Indices. Price: GBP 84.00.

CIS 93-530
The Oil Companies' European Organisation for Environmental and Health Protection
Catalogue of CONCAWE reports
This catalogue lists all reports published by CONCAWE that the organisation considers to be currently relevant (publication years range from 1972 to 1992). The 93 reports are grouped under the headings: air protection; automotive fuels and emissions; water and soil protection; oil pipelines; oil-spill clean-up technology; petroleum products; health; noise; safety; general. An abstract is provided for each report.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1030 Bruxelles, Belgium, Dec. 1992. 40p.

CIS 93-356 Offshore Safety Act 1992 [United Kingdom]
This Act, enacted 6 March 1992, extends the application of the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 (see CIS 74-2099) to ensure the safety, health and welfare of persons on offshore installation or engaged on pipe-line works, and to secure the safe construction, operation and dismantling of offshore installations and pipe-lines. Penalties are increased for certain offences.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 8p. Price: GBP 2.30.

CIS 93-91 Instructional materials for the chemical and petroleum industries
Catalogue of approx. 280 audiovisual training materials on various aspects (including safety and health) of the chemical and petroleum industries. Videocassettes (NTSC or PAL; U-matic, Beta or VHS; many of them forming parts of series) and slide/cassette presentations are included, with manuals in some cases. Broad subject headings: exploration, drilling operations and (oil and gas) production; petroleum geology; offshore operations; natural gas; transportation and storage; chemical processes; petroleum measurement and testing; instrumentation and process control.
OMG Booksource Co., 6122 Reistertown Road, Baltimore MD 21215-3487, USA, no date. 60p. Index.

CIS 93-317 Turnbull A.
Health and Safety Executive
Crack-tip electrochemistry in relation to corrosion fatigue of offshore structural steels in seawater. Technical summary and implications
Environmentally assisted fracture in seawater is generally considered to be a consequence of the interaction between electrochemical processes at the tip of a crack and localised stress or strain. Hence, a knowledge of the rates of these processes is an essential feature in the development of a comprehensive understanding of corrosion fatigue. This report summarises the important conclusions arising from a research programme on crack electrochemistry in relation to fatigue of structural steel in seawater.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 192p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 40.00.

CIS 93-23 Council Directive 92/91/EEC of 3 November 1992 concerning the minimum requirements for improving the safety and health protection of workers in the mineral-extracting industries through drilling [CEC]
Directive 92/91/CEE du Conseil, du 3 nov. 1992, concernant les prescriptions minimales visant à améliorer la protection en matière de sécurité et de santé des travailleurs des industries extractives par forage [CCE] [in French]
Eleventh individual Directive within the meaning of Article 16 (1) of directive 89/391/EEC (see CIS 89-1401). After a definition of the industries the directive applies to, employers' obligations are stipulated with regards to the general operation of the workplaces, protection from fires, explosions and health-endangering atmospheres, escape and rescue facilities, communication, warning and alarm systems, keeping workers informed, health surveillance, consultation of workers and workers' participation as well as minimum requirements for safety and health which are detailed in annex.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 28 Nov. 1992, Vol.35, No.L 348, p.9-24.

CIS 93-186 CONCAWE Review 1:2
This second CONCAWE review covers work carried out up to July 1992. Topics covered: CONCAWE's priorities; current activities in helping to frame regulations, select environmental choices and improve health and safety; studies on oil discharges at refineries, vehicle emissions, gasoline vapour recovery, sulfur dioxide emission from ships, gas oils with a lower sulfur content; changes in EEC occupational exposure limits for benzene; preparation of information dossiers on the main petroleum products; seminars on oil spill remediation and environmental management; CONCAWE research and administrative changes.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1030 Bruxelles, Belgium, Vol.1, No.2, Oct. 1992. 24p. Illus.

CIS 93-316 Perry S.H., Holmyard J.M.
Health and Safety Executive
Scaling of underwater concrete repair materials
Report of an investigation to develop test methods which would allow the correct choice of material for repairing concrete structures in the marine and offshore environment. Four test methods were investigated and a range of materials was assessed. Results are reported in the form of a strength ranking of the repair materials produced by each test method and a comparison of this ranking with that produced in other test methods and with that resulting from a previous study. Consistency of results and ease of use of each test method are also assessed.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 54p. Illus. Price: GBP 15.00.

CIS 93-315
Lloyd's Register of Shipping
Stress concentration factors for tubular complex joints
This report based on an investigation of multi-planar joints shows that the use of single-plane stress concentration factor (SCF) equations for multi-planar joints used in offshore platforms can be justified, although some loading conditions require further investigation. In a study of overlapped joints, measured and predicted SCF values were compared.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. vii, 70 + 54p. Illus. 7 ref. Price: GBP 30.00.

CIS 92-2094 Parkinson R.
Offshore safety and effective psychological functioning - A case for safety cells
The effects of environmental conditions on an individual's ability to make effective decisions about safety and escape during a major disaster are discussed with reference to the 1988 Piper Alpha offshore platform disaster. The destruction of the normal command and control function is also discussed. The concept of the Safety Cell, a work group assuming command and control for its own safety and escape within the overall safety system of the platform, is outlined along with the need for appropriate survival training within each group. Such a system would provide a form of psychological protection to the individual in a situation of extreme stress.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Aug. 1992, Vol.10, No.8, p.22-25. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 92-1564 Schnatter A.R., Thériault G., Karz A.M., Thompson F.S., Donaleski D., Murray N.
A retrospective mortality study within operating segments of a petroleum company
This retrospective mortality study was conducted among 34,597 oil industry workers in diverse operating segments. Employees were traced through Statistics Canada, and overall mortality (SMR = 0.85) was lower than general population rates and similar to other petrochemical cohorts. The most notable finding was a significant excess of malignant melanoma which concentrated among upstream workers and was directly related to employment duration and latency. Marketing/transportation workers showed a non-significant excess of multiple myeloma (SMR = 1.81), which was also related to employment duration, latency, and commencement of employment before 1950. Lymphatic cancer, skin cancer, and kidney cancer mortality was not elevated in refinery workers, a finding at odds with some previous refinery worker studies.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 1992, Vol.22, No.2, p.209-229. Illus. Bibl.ref. Appendix.

CIS 92-1676 Wells G.L., Phang C.M.C.
A demonstration of the use of HAZCHECK and a systems example by an analysis of a recent refinery line accident
The use of a computerised checklist, HAZCHECK, is described along with a new systems model which is presented as a standard against which any system can be compared. The method of analysis is illustrated in a study of a refinery line incident in which a fire of flammable liquids was released during maintenance of a refinery flare system. The use of HAZCHECK enabled a possible scenario for the incident to be modelled.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, June 1992, No.105, p.25-34. 5 ref.

CIS 92-1176
Health and Safety Executive
Offshore safety research and development programme. Project handbook 1991
This handbook provides information on 204 research and development projects currently in progress or recently completed or closed by the Offshore Safety Division of the Health and Safety Executive. Projects are grouped into sections according to programme area (oceanography, diving, risk and reliability, etc.). Information provided for each project includes status, name and address of contractor, cost, objectives and background. An index of project keywords is included.
HMSO Books, PO Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. xv, 99p. Index. Price: GBP 20.00.

CIS 92-1317 Rundmo T.
Risk perception and safety on offshore petroleum platforms - Part II: Perceived risk, job stress and accidents
Part II of a survey among petroleum personnel on the Norwegian Continental Shelf drew respondents from 5 companies and 8 installations with a response rate of 92% (n=915). Respondents were asked to evaluate potential sources of risk, job stress factors, physical working conditions, and safety and contingency factors. Results show that risk perception and job stress contribute considerably to the frequency of injuries and human errors and that good safety and contingency conditions are particularly important in risk perception. Physical working conditions were among the factors causing an increase in perceived lack of safety and in strain. Implications of the results are discussed.
Safety Science, May 1992, Vol.15, No.1, p.53-68. 41 ref.

CIS 92-1316 Rundmo T.
Risk perception and safety on offshore petroleum platforms - Part I: Perception of risk
A survey among petroleum personnel on the Norwegian Continental Shelf drew respondents from 5 companies and 8 installations. Of those staying on the installations at the time, 92% replied to a questionnaire concerning risk perception and safety (n=915). Factor analysis detected (in Part I) three underlying dimensions of risk perception: disasters and major accidents, ordinary work injuries and post-accidents measures. The dimensions are discussed and an analysis made of differences in perceived risk according to personnel category, phase of work, employment conditions and execution of specific activities. The implications for safety and contingency measures are discussed.
Safety Science, May 1992, Vol.15, No.1, p.39-52. 24 ref.

CIS 92-1384 Landolt J.P., Light I.M., Greenen M.G., Monaco C.
Seasickness in totally-enclosed motor-propelled survival craft: Five offshore oil rig disasters
Five mobile offshore drilling unit disasters were studied to assess the degree to which seasickness occurs and endangers the lives of occupants of totally-enclosed motor-propelled survival craft (TEMPSC). Other marine incidents were reviewed and a literature search was carried out to assess the same seasickness problem. Seasickness was found to occur in 75% or more of TEMPSC occupants in four of the rig disasters studied. Good leadership and practical training in sea survival play a major part in the amelioration of seasickness, and good ergonomics and redesign of the TEMPSC would help control seasickness and improve habitability.
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1992, Vol.63, No.2, p.138-144. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 92-1210
Health and Safety Commission
Guidance on multi-skilling in the petroleum industry
This document focuses on the arrangements for training that should be made when flexible or multi-disciplinary working, generally called multi-skilling, is being introduced or developed. Contents: key features of effective multi-skilling and its 3 main forms; health and safety implications of multi-skilling; broad principles for the introduction of multi-skilling; training principles; reasons why multi-skilling can fail to work as it should; use of contractors; interaction with other areas. A checklist identifies stages in the multi-skilling process and the key steps and individuals involved.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. iii, 12p. Price: GBP 2.00.

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