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Petroleum and natural gas industry - 659 entries found

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CIS 97-854
Health and Safety Executive
Play your part! How you can help improve health and safety offshore
This leaflet outlines the benefits of worker involvement in offshore health and safety and provides guidance on ways in which workers can become involved. Focuses on the need for effective management control, appropriate training, co-operation among work groups and good communications.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Nov. 1996. 7p.

CIS 97-844
Health and Safety Executive
Offshore safety research and development programme. Project handbook 1996
This handbook provides information on research and development projects currently in progress or recently completed by the Offshore Safety Division of the Health and Safety Executive. Projects are listed under 17 programme areas. Information provided includes status, name and address of contractor, cost, and objectives and background of the project. Project keywords are indexed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. xix, 152p. Index. Price: GBP 25.00.

CIS 97-843
Health and Safety Executive
Strategy for offshore research - 1996/97. Summaries and objectives
This document describes research strategies within the research programme of the Health and Safety Executive's Offshore Safety Division. Summaries of strategies in each of 20 subject areas are presented along with key research objectives. New research topics include decommissioning, mechanical equipment and systems, organization and management, process systems and process control, and safety systems.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. 28p. 6 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 97-609
Health and Safety Executive
Kuwait Scientific Mission - Volume 2: Technical Report, July 1992
This report presents a detailed description of measurements made of flame geometry, thermal radiation characteristics and flame temperatures of fires burning in the oil fields of Kuwait during 1991. Instrumentation and data analysis techniques are described and results are presented for seven well head jet fires.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. ix, 229p. Illus. Price: GBP 55.00.

CIS 97-527 Goyder H.G.D., Thompson C.P.
Health and Safety Executive
Some calculations of fluid loading using computational fluid dynamics
This report concerns the application of fluid dynamics (CFD) to fluid problems in the offshore industry. To identify current capabilities of CFD, the flow around a stationary circular cylinder at large Reynolds numbers was modelled using a commercial CFD computer programme. There was good agreement between computer calculations and experimental data; variations in drag were correctly modelled and effects of turbulence were correctly represented. The current status of CFD and its application to offshore design is discussed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 89p. Illus. 11 ref. Price: GBP 25.00.

CIS 97-608 Webber G.M.B., Shipp M.P.
Health and Safety Executive
Review of emergency lighting and way-guidance systems for offshore structures
Current national and international codes and draft codes for emergency lighting and way-guidance systems are reviewed. Factors to be considered for application of the codes in hazardous areas are outlined, and emergency lighting standards and electrical and non-electrical way-guidance standards are assessed for potential application offshore. Findings from studies of the effects of smoke on the visibility of signs are also presented. While there is no single code that specifies appropriate criteria for offshore way-guidance systems, some current standards for emergency lighting remain applicable.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 77p. Illus. 101 ref. Price: GBP 25.00.

CIS 97-649 Mansfield D.
Health and Safety Executive
Topside emergency shutdown valve (ESV) survivability
This study provides an overview of the range of approaches currently being adopted within the United Kingdom Continental Shelf (UKCS) for the protection of pipeline emergency shutdown valves (ESVs) from severe accident conditions. Based on an analysis of a representative sample of UKCS ESVs, typical and best current practices are identified and main strengths and weaknesses in these approaches are highlighted. A systematic method for addressing ESV vulnerability is put forward which could form the basis of a more consistent, industry-wide approach to ESV specification.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. vii, 66p. Illus. 3 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.

CIS 97-607
Health and Safety Executive
Kuwait Scientific Mission - Volume 1: Mission Overview, July 1992
This report describes a project to collect data on the characteristics of real hydrocarbon fires burning in the oil fields of Kuwait during 1991. An introduction to oil industry fire hazards is presented followed by descriptions of the oil well fires in Kuwait and the fire monitoring and data collection activities. Comprehensive, but uninterpreted, data for seven jet fires are provided.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. 77p. Illus. 1 ref. Price: GBP 40.00.

CIS 97-526 Berman J.V.F., Huddleston J.H.F.
Health and Safety Executive
Drill-floor design: A consideration of human factors
This document provides a methodology for the integration of human factors into the safe design of drill floors on offshore structures. Accident statistics related to drilling operations are presented, human factor considerations during various stages of the design process are identified, and specific issues related to information requirements, controls, and the working environment are examined. A compendium of techniques which acts as a toolkit for use with the methodology is also provided.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 136p. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 35.00.

CIS 97-648 Richardson S.M., Saville G.
Health and Safety Executive
Isle of Grain pipeline depressurisation tests
Tests on the depressurization or blowdown of oil and gas pipelines were carried out on the Isle of Grain, United Kingdom, in 1985. Selected data from these tests were used to validate a computer program called BLOWDOWN, designed to predict depressurization effects. Data from 8 tests are presented along with results of computer simulations. The BLOWDOWN predictions were in adequate, and often good, agreement with the Isle of Grain data.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 34p. 16 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.

CIS 97-606
Health and Safety Executive
Evaluation study of models used in predicting smoke and gas ingress on offshore structures
This report describes the development of a procedure for the evaluation of technical models and the application of the procedure to models for the prediction of smoke and gas ingress on offshore structures. Four models, representing four generic types, were evaluated: empirical, phenomenological, computational fluid dynamics, and physical models. The models are compared and general conclusions concerning their suitability in the present context are discussed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 36p. 4 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.

CIS 97-525 Flin R., Mearns K., Fleming M., Gordon R.
Health and Safety Executive
Risk perception and safety in the offshore oil and gas industry
A questionnaire survey of 622 workers on six oil and gas platforms in the United Kingdom offshore continental shelf showed that these workers generally felt safe living and working offshore and that their perceptions of risk and safety appeared to be reasonably accurate. Workers expressed most concern about explosion hazards, the installation being hit by a vessel, weather conditions, falling objects and slipping. Organizational factors (management commitment to safety, job satisfaction, safety versus production) had the greatest direct effect on workers' perception of risk and their satisfaction with safety measures. Recommendations regarding risk communication and safety management are put forward.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iv, 109p. 111 ref. Price: GBP 30.00.

CIS 97-654
Health and Safety Executive
How offshore helicopter travel is regulated
This leaflet describes the functions of the Health and Safety Executive and the Civil Aviation Authority in the UK with respect to helicopter safety, and outlines the responsibilities of helicopter operators, flight crews and installation operators. Relevant legislation is also outlined.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1996. 8p.

CIS 97-624 Gazey C., Bates G., Matthew B.
Fluid loss and replacement in petroleum workers from the north west of Western Australia
Fluid loss, fluid intake, heart rate, and work rate (% physical capacity) were recorded for seven petroleum exploration workers in Western Australia. In relatively mild environmental conditions over two days, the average fluid loss was 434mL/h, fluid intake 466mL/h, and workrate 22%. Only three workers consistently replaced their fluid losses over the study period. Recommendations for the prevention of heat illness include adequate fluid replacement strategies to minimize the risk of hyperthermia, appropriate work-rest patterns, and worker education.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 1996, Vol.12, No.4, p.457-461. 11 ref.

CIS 97-331 Guidotti T.L., Watson L., Wheeler M., Jhangri G.S.
The Fort McMurray demonstration project in social marketing: Health- and safety-related behaviour among oil sands workers
In a survey of 150 oil sands workers in Fort McMurray, Canada, the workers reported much stronger attitudes toward safety and risk-taking behaviour than did community residents in general, including strong advocacy of vigorous enforcement of occupational health and safety standards. However, they showed a variability in behaviour at home similar to that seen in the general population, generally reporting less consistent use of personal protection at home than at work. The potential may exist to transfer the technology and attitudes from workplace health and safety to community safety, possibly by involving these workers directly in community initiatives.
Occupational Medicine, Aug. 1996, Vol.46, No.4, p.265-274. 6 ref.

CIS 97-330 Flin R., Slaven G., Stewart K.
Emergency decision making in the offshore oil and gas industry
The findings of a study of emergency decision making on offshore installations are discussed. The study included an examination of procedures for the selection, training and competence assessment of offshore installation managers (OIMs), and interviews with OIMs who had managed an offshore emergency. The characteristics of decision making that the on-scene commander requires in an offshore crisis are discussed in terms of recent developments in theories of naturalistic decision making, with particular reference to recognition-primed decision making.
Human Factors, June 1996, Vol.38, No.2, p.262-277. 46 ref.

CIS 96-1929 Regulations under the Occupational Health, Safety and Welfare Act 1986 [Australia - South Australia]
These Regulations (effective: 1 Sep. 1996) were made under the 1986 Act (see CIS 90-1404), complementing the principal regulations of 1995. They contain safety regulations for petroleum work and mining operations. For petroleum work, they require the use of blowout prevention equipment, regulate the sue of well drilling fluids and prohibit certain kinds of night operation. For mining operations, they provide regulations concerning the use of diesel engines, lifting equipment, shafts, electricity, ventilation and explosives.
South Australian Government Gazette, 22 Aug. 1996, No.101, p.761-792.

CIS 96-2120 CONCAWE Review 5:1
Topics covered in this review of CONCAWE's activities include: development of the European Union Air Quality Framework Directive; air quality standards and ozone exposure; vehicle emissions and fuel specifications; alternative fuels for road transport; health and safety data on gas oils; European oil industry accident statistics; oil pipelines database enlargement.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, Vol.5, No.1, Apr. 1996. 24p. Illus.

CIS 96-2300
Health and Safety Executive
Maintenance related incidents in topside systems
This report describes the development of a database containing information on 1,971 maintenance related incidents on offshore installations during the period 1989 to 1991. 290 incidents occurred during maintenance activities; 599 were possibly related to maintenance being incorrectly or inadequately carried out. The computer based system allows for ongoing data storage and automatic data analysis for use in trend monitoring and cluster analysis.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. vii, 63p. Price: GBP 7.50.

CIS 96-2299 Stafford M., Williams N.
Health and Safety Executive
Pipeline leak detection study
This report reviews current and emerging methods of detecting leaks in pipelines in order to determine best practices in use today. Features of different commercial leak detection systems are examined and legislative requirements in different countries are outlined. The major conclusion is that automatic leak detection is heavily dependent on leak size, and that reasonable expectations of performance may fall far short of operational or supplier claims. Guidelines for the selection of a leak detection system are put forward.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iii, 54p. Illus. 40 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.

CIS 96-1772 Gamble J.F., Lerman S.E., Holder W.R., Nicolich M.J., Yarborough C.M.
Physician-based case-control study of non-melanoma skin cancer in Baytown, Texas
A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 174 patients with basal cell carcinoma (BCC), 59 with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 72 with both and 229 controls. Data were collected on work history and risk factors including eye colour, skin type, history of sunburn and smoking. The most important risk factors common to all skin cancer categories were a family history of skin cancer and time spent outdoors. Employment in the petroleum industry showed a slight association with BCC+SCC, but not for BCC or SCC alone. Further study is needed to determine whether this association is causal or due to chance, bias or confounding.
Occupational Medicine, June 1996, Vol.46, No.3, p.186-196. 30 ref.

CIS 96-1449
Health and Safety Executive
PARLOC 94: The update of loss of containment data for offshore pipelines
This report (update of PARLOC 92 - see CIS 94-1751) describes the collection and analysis of data on incidents involving loss of containment from offshore pipelines operated in the North Sea. The pipeline database and incident database compiled during earlier studies have been updated to include information to the end of 1993. The causes and consequences of loss of containment incidents are examined, and incident frequencies are considered in relation to pipeline location, cause of failure, line type, line size and contents. Glossary.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. viii, 140p. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 30.00.

CIS 96-1356
Health and Safety Executive
A guide to the well aspects of the Offshore Installations and Wells (Design and Construction, etc) Regulations 1996
This document provides the text of the Regulations with accompanying guidance. The Regulations apply to both onshore and offshore wells. Contents: interpretation and application of the Regulations; general duties of the well operator; assessment of conditions below ground; well design with a view to suspension and abandonment; use of suitable construction materials; provision of suitable well control equipment to protect against blowouts; arrangements for well examination; provision of drilling information; training and supervision requirements.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iv, 21p. 32 ref. Price: GBP 8.50.

CIS 96-1355
Health and Safety Executive
A guide to the installation verification and miscellaneous aspects of amendments by the Offshore Installations and Wells (Design and Construction, etc) Regulations 1996 to the Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Regulations 1992
This document provides guidance on Schedule 2 of the Offshore Installations and Wells (Design and Construction) Regulations 1996 (DCR) which amends the Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Regulations 1992 (SCR). The amendment introduces requirements for the safety-critical elements of an offshore installation to be verified as suitable by an independent and competent person. These requirements replace the certification regime established by the Offshore Installations (Construction and Survey) Regulations 1974 which are revoked by the DCR. Guidance is also given on other amendments to the SCR concerning mainly well operations and protection against toxic gas.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iv, 15p. 15 ref. Price: GBP 8.50.

CIS 96-1354
Health and Safety Commission, Oil Industry Advisory Committee
Management of occupational health risks in the offshore oil and gas industry
This guidance is aimed at offshore installation operators, owners and contractors and other employers with responsibilities for the health of workers on installations, pipelaying barges, heavy lift vessels and similar vessels. Contents: legal requirements; management of occupational health issues; identifying chemical, physical, biological, ergonomic and psychosocial hazards to health; risk assessment and control (selection of control measures, controlling psychosocial risks, monitoring and review of control measures, health surveillance); mitigating adverse health effects.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iv, 27p. 64 ref. Price: GBP 8.00.

CIS 96-1337 Satin K.P., Wong O., Yuan L.A., Bailey W.J., Newton K.L., Wen C.P., Swencicki R.E.
A 50-year mortality follow-up study of a large cohort of oil refinery workers in Texas
In a mortality study of 17,844 individuals who had worked at a Texas oil refinery between 1937 and 1987, 6799 deaths were identified. The cohort showed a generally more favourable mortality experience than that of the general population; mortality deficits were observed for all causes of death combined, all heart diseases combined, nonmalignant respiratory disease and external causes. Mortality excesses were found for bone cancer, acute lymphocytic leukaemia, and benign/unspecified neoplasms. However, none of these diseases demonstrated an exposure-response relationship with length of employment. Analyses by sex, race, length of employment and pay status were also performed.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 1996, Vol.38, No.5, p.492-506. 43 ref.

CIS 96-1404 Armstrong T.W., Pearlman E.D., Schnatter A.R., Bowes S.M., Murray N., Nicolich M.J.
Retrospective benzene and total hydrocarbon exposure assessment for a petroleum marketing and distribution worker epidemiology study
The development and evaluation of a retrospective exposure-estimating model is presented. Recent exposure data were obtained from industrial hygiene records and from published reports for petroleum marketing and distribution operations. To adjust this data to past operations, exposure modifiers were developed to account for differences in the workplace, the materials handled, environmental conditions, and tasks performed. Though limited by availability of data, a validation exercise suggested that the model provided accurate exposure estimates for benzene. This approach is proposed where there are reliable data on current exposure and on historical changes in the workplace.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Apr. 1996, Vol.57, No.4, p.333-343. Illus. 55 ref.

CIS 96-1362 Wander T.R.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
An assessment of technologies for the location of persons lost at sea in the UKCS
This report describes a range of technologies and systems that would claim to improve the chances of rapid and reliable detection of persons who had fallen overboard. This scenario may happen in oil operations in the United Kingdom continental shelf. There is currently no system that would assure completely the location of a survivor within the critical 1-3 hour survival time in all weather conditions in daylight and at night. A combination of complementary technologies may be required to provide the greatest probability of detection. The advent of satellite communications and of emergency position indicating radio beacons fitted on helicopters and vessels allows search and rescue resources to concentrate their efforts on a smaller area of sea. There is a detailed description of: rescue authorities, light systems, radio and radar systems and reflective technologies. Sea trials are illustrated and a discussion is dedicated to the relative merits of presently available devices.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. ix, 129p. Illus. 15 ref. Price: GBP 40.00.

CIS 96-1524 Sutherland V.J., Cooper C.L.
Stress prevention in the offshore oil and gas exploration and production industry
This paper describes the use of a stress audit to identify sources of stress among workers in the offshore oil and gas exploration and production industry. Measures are outlined for the prevention of stress related to understimulation, work overload, helicopter travel, physical working conditions, safety and security offshore, unpredictability of work patterns, career development, organizational structure and climate, and the home/work interface. Individual strategies for stress control include counselling, relaxation techniques, cognitive reappraisal, and stress education programmes.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. vii, 38p. Illus. 25 ref.

CIS 96-705
Health and Safety Executive
Offshore safety research and development programme - Project handbooks 1993/94 and 1994/95
These two handbooks provide information on research and development projects currently in progress or recently completed by the Offshore Safety Division of the Health and Safety Executive. Projects are listed under 17 programme areas. Information provided includes status, name and address of contractor, cost, and objectives and background of the project. Project keywords are indexed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1994 and 1996. xx, 178p. and xix, 137p. Index. Price: GBP 22.00 and GBP 17.50.

CIS 96-1167 Harris R.A., Coleshaw S.R.K., MacKenzie I.G.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Analysing stress in offshore survival course trainees
Physiological and psychological measurements, chosen as indicators of stress, were made on individuals undergoing offshore survival training, concentrating on practical exercises. Their emotional reactions were assessed by various questionnaires filled in by the trainees themselves. Most of them were especially anxious at the start of the course: helicopter underwater escape training was perceived to be the most difficult exercise. Particular problems were found to be also associated with fire training. Possible means of alleviating these issues are discussed. Older refreshers were found to be less anxious, probably as a result of experience.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. xiv, 127p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 30.00

CIS 96-522 Slaven G., Boyle J., Charnley L., Hunt A., Murton B.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
The application of information technology to safety training
Interviews were conducted with onshore training managers in operating and drilling companies, plus training providers and trainees on current and likely future information technology (IT) products such as computer-based training (CBT) programmes. The survey revealed a heavy reliance on conventional instructor-presented training. Few IT applications were being used with the exception of videos. This situation is changing as 9 of the 15 oil and gas companies surveyed were considering or had purchased a CBT system for permits-to-work training. A majority of trainees that underwent CBT were satisfied with the speed and content of the training they received. In the total sample, of those who had experienced both CBT and conventional training, the majority preferred CBT as a highly effective means of delivering safety-related training. Although CBT is not appropriate for all safety-related topics, its ultimate success depends on a number of factors not all related to the specific technology. Among these: credibility of the system provider, system design, interest and motivation of trainees, and management commitment.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. viii, 132p. approx. 80 ref. Price: GBP 30.00.

CIS 96-718
Health and Safety Executive
RIDDOR offshore
This booklet outlines the requirements of the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) (see CIS 95-1930) as they relate to offshore workers. Brief guidance is given on reportable events and the person responsible for reporting; the reporting procedure and time allowed for reporting; record keeping; types of major injuries, dangerous occurrences and diseases to be reported. A sample reporting form is included.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1996. 10p. 1 ref.

CIS 96-973
Health and Safety Executive
Dealing with offshore emergencies
This guidance explains the roles and responsibilities of the various government departments and agencies that may become involved in offshore emergencies. These include: the Department of Transport (Coastguard Agency, Marine Accident Investigation Branch, Transport Security Division, Air Accidents Investigation Branch); the Offshore Safety Division of the Health and Safety Executive; the police; and the Oil and Gas Division of the Department of Trade and Industry. In appendix: possible notification required for different types of emergency or incident.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iv, 32p. Illus. Price: GBP 7.50.

CIS 96-954 Takashina N.T.
The concept of safety barriers and their reliability in an oil well operation
O conceito de barreira de segurança e sua confiabilidade em um poço de petróleo [in Portuguese]
Survey of the theory and practice of safety barriers as they are used in oil exploration, in the operation of oil wells, in drilling operations and in well completion activities. Several fault trees illustrating the use of safety barriers are given.
Revista CIPA, Feb. 1996, Vol.17, No.195, p.83-92. Illus. 7 ref.

CIS 96-1095 Silva A.A.M., de Brito A.M.
Malaria control by the nursing staff of Petrobrás Amazônia
Combate à malária das equipes de enfermagem da Petrobrás Amazônia [in Portuguese]
This article describes the malaria prevention efforts of the occupational nursing team of a Brazilian petroleum company active in the Amazon basin. Contents: general characteristics of malaria in Brazil; natural transmission of the disease; endemicity, incubation period, transmissibility, susceptibility and resistance; clinical picture; control measures in the oil terminal port (measures connected to the person and to the environment); nursing activities in the oil terminal port; the prevention experience until now.
Revista CIPA, Feb. 1996, Vol.17, No.195, p.76-79. 11 ref.


CIS 98-1064 Health and Safety: The Health and Safety at Work, etc. Act 1974 (Application outside Great Britain) Order 1995 [United Kingdom]
This Order was enacted pursuant to the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 (CIS 74-2099). It revokes the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 (Application outside Great Britain) Order 1989 (CIS 90-5). Topics: containers; law; loading and unloading; maintenance and repair; mining industry; offshore oil extraction; piping; sea transport; United Kingdom.
HMSO Publications Centre, P.O.Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1995. 6p. Price: GBP 1.55.

CIS 98-667 Offshore safety in a cost conscious environment from British and Norwegian perspectives
Sikkerhet i en kostnadsbevisst oljeindustri: britiske og norske perspektiver [in Norwegian]
Proceedings of a conference held in Stavanger, Norway, 15-16 November 1994. Topics: conference; economic aspects; hazard evaluation; legislation; Norway; offshore oil extraction; petroleum and natural gas industry; plant safety organization; role of labour inspection; role of management; safety engineering; United Kingdom; workers participation.
Offshore Information Centre, 1995. 53p. Illus. Bibl. ref. Price: GBP 10.00, NOK 100.00. Distributed by OFS, P.O.Box 145, 4001 Stavanger, Norway.

CIS 97-1391 Rundmo T.
Perceived risk, safety status, and job stress among injured and noninjured employees on offshore petroleum installations
A survey of 915 employees from 5 companies on 8 offshore oil installations on the Norwegian Continental Shelf shows that the subjective evaluations of employees correspond quite well to the real risk. Employees who have suffered an injury themselves may feel more at risk, become more dissatisfied with safety and contingency measures, and experience more job stress than they did before the injury occurred.
Journal of Safety Research, Summer 1995, Vol.26, No.2, p.87-97. 19 ref.

CIS 96-1445 Major hazards onshore and offshore II
Proceedings of a symposium on major hazards onshore and offshore held in Manchester, United Kingdom, 24-26 October 1995. Papers cover the following topics: development of major hazards legislation in the United Kingdom and regulations concerning offshore installations; offshore safety management and perceptions and experiences of workers; gas dispersion and explosion modelling; prevention and consequence of fire and explosions; management of safety and human factors (emergency management, human factor studies, permit-to-work systems, risk-based safety management auditing); risk analysis and hazard assessment; emergency relief, blowdown and venting.
Institution of Chemical Engineers, Davis Building, 165-189 Railway Terrace, Rugby CV21 3HQ, United Kingdom, 1995. xi, 645p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 80.00.

CIS 96-1183 Regulations for the Law on Hydrocarbons [Costa Rica]
Reglamento a la Ley de hidrocarburos [Costa Rica] [in Spanish]
These regulations (valid from 4 Dec. 1995) provide for, among others: safety in oil exploration and production; organization of safety meetings and preparation of safety plans; implementation of safety procedures; handling and transportation of explosives; environmental protection; training of personnel.
La Gaceta - Diario Oficial (Costa Rica), 4 Dec. 1995, Vol.117, No.230, p.1-24.

CIS 96-1212 Order of 24 July 1995 regarding specific complementary provisions for the use of visual display screens on working equipment (extractive industries); Order of 24 July 1995 regarding minimal safety and health provisions for manual handling (extractive industries) [France]
[Arrêtés du 24.7.95] - relatif aux dispositions ... concernant l'utilisation d'écrans de visualisation sur les équipements de travail (industries extractives); relatif aux prescriptions minimales de SST concernant la manutention manuelle (industries extractives) [France] [in French]
Visual displays are covered regardless of the display process [cathode-ray, liquid crystal, etc.]. Operators should undergo medical examinations to verify their aptitude for the work and in case of complaints associated with visual display work. Employers are responsible for identifying and eliminating hazards. Software must meet performance standards. Screens, keyboards and other equipment must be ergonomically satisfactory. The workplace must be free of excessive heat, radiation, humidity and noise. Regarding manual handling, work should be organized and mechanized so as to minimize recourse to manual labour. Possible hazards should be identified and preventive measures undertaken; occupational physicians should assist employers in this. Employers must provide workers with relevant information and training.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 1995, No.63, p.213-215.

CIS 96-638 Alquier-Bouffard E., Lagisquet C., Jakubiec H.
Ministère du Travail (France)
International business trips. Risk analysis and prevention activity in an occupational health department: Investigations of employees of an oil company travelling abroad
Déplacements professionnels internationaux. Analyse des risques, actions de prévention dans un service de médecine du travail - Enquêtes dans une société pétrolière auprès de salariés se déplaçant à l'étranger [in French]
Two articles on the safety and health problems of expatriate staff. The first article deals with risk analysis (occupations and different types of business trips, lack of suitability to lead a "travelling life", health hazards); preventive action by the occupational health department of a large French oil company (in particular, primary prevention: vaccination, pre-travel advice, information, health education). The second article is a report on an investigation conducted by the occupational health department of the same company. In annex: text of two questionnaire surveys on the evaluation of the anti-malaria information campaign conducted by the company (1: retention of advice, aimed at all staff members liable to be sent on mission; 2: evaluation of the respect and impact of anti-malaria preventive action and of possible malaria-related health effects, aimed at all staff members who had actually gone on mission).
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 1995, No.61, p.7-15. 14 ref. (2nd article: p.17-24)

CIS 96-975 Sokas R.K., Moussa M.A.A., Gomes J., Anderson J.A.D., Achuthan K.K., Thain A.B., Risheh Z.A.
Noise-induced hearing loss, nationality, and blood pressure
Analysis of medical records of 2,361 oil and gas extraction workers in the United Arab Emirates indicated that 610 of the workers had some degree of noise-induced hearing loss. Hearing status was associated with diastolic blood pressure, age, nationality and body mass index, although the effect was small. When national groupings were evaluated independently, hearing loss was associated with higher systolic and diastolic readings among Asians and Sub-Saharan Africans; no such association was found for Europeans, North Americans, Arabs or North Africans. Noise-induced hearing appears to be associated with elevated resting blood pressure only within certain ethnic groups.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 1995, Vol.28, No.2, p.281-288. 22 ref.

CIS 96-683 Sathiakumar N., Delzell E., Cole P., Brill I., Frisch J., Spivey G.
A case-control study of leukemia among petroleum workers
The relationship between leukaemia and the work histories of active and retired employees of a large petroleum company was investigated. The study included 69 leukaemia cases and 284 matched controls. Employment in production-related work in the oil and gas division was associated with myelogenous leukaemia and particularly with acute myelogenous leukaemia. The association with the acute form was strongest for subjects with longest duration (32+ years) of production-related work, and there was a consistent trend of increasing risk for increasing duration of employment. No clear association was found between leukaemia and work in the refining division.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1995, Vol.37, No.11, p.1269-1277. 23 ref.

CIS 96-564 Street R., Mirzoeff J.
Health and Safety Executive, Offshore Technology Report
Research needs for health and safety of workers during decommissioning and removal of fixed offshore installations
A study was carried out to identify research needs in connection with the safe abandonment (decommissioning and removal) of fixed offshore installations in the UK sector of the West European Continental Shelf. The report concludes that as there is insufficient experience of the removal of large structures relevant to this area of the North Sea, some additional research into safety aspects is needed. Recommendations on research needs are presented in the areas of: explosives and other cutting methods; lifting; toppling; concrete and other gravity-based structures; remote handling; phased abandonment; management.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. iv, 61p. 49 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.

CIS 96-1053 Frieze P.A., Lewis T.C., Miller B.L.
Health and Safety Executive, Offshore Technology Report
Criteria for jack-ups manoeuvring in close proximity to jacket platforms
Risks associated with the manoeuvring of jack-ups onto location next to a fixed installation were investigated. In order to establish likely impact locations and velocities, a typical procedure for such a manoeuvre was drawn up. Impact modelling studies show that if the mean clearance cited in the procedure can be maintained, the likelihood of impact under normal circumstances is extremely small. The resulting graphs can be used to determine the risk level for a given seastate, duration and intended clearance between the jacket and the jack-up.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. i, 58p. Illus. 10 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.

CIS 96-1052 Sharrock I., Wong S.
Health and Safety Executive, Offshore Technology Report
Development of walkdown procedures and pilot study for the assessment of topsides equipment subject to blast induced vibrations
A methodology for the assessment of offshore platform topsides equipment was developed based on walkdown techniques: methodical, on-site visual evaluations of the equipment. The methodology was verified in a pilot study of a mid 1980s vintage North Sea platform. Two critical safety related systems with representative mechanical and electrical equipment were selected for demonstration purposes. Conclusions are presented which show the feasibility of the method and discuss key points required for its correct implementation, limitations to its use and potential further applications. Glossary.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. vi, 73p. Illus. 2 ref. Price: GBP 24.00.

CIS 96-1051 Gurney T.R.
Health and Safety Executive, Offshore Technology Report
Thickness effect in 'relatively thin' welded joints
The fatigue strength of some types of welded joints is known to be dependent on thickness. In the light of recent experimental evidence, consideration was given to changing the 'basic' thickness for non-nodal joints from 22 to 16mm. Test results obtained from a literature survey were analyzed to establish the influence of thickness on fatigue strength over the thickness range 12-26mm. Results confirm that the thickness effect can be extended back to at least 16mm.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. 23p. 31 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.

CIS 96-209 Gould G.W., Au S.Y.Z.
Health and Safety Executive
A methodology for hazard identification on EER assessments
A study was carried out to investigate the possibility of applying a "HAZOP" type approach to the assessment of evacuation, escape and rescue (EER) from offshore installations. A model of the EER process was defined based on: alarm, access, muster, egress, evacuation, escape and rescue. For each stage, potential hazards due to design, physical conditions, command and control errors, and human failures were identified. A trial HAZOP was carried out for the first three stages. Overall, it is considered that identification of hazards during the EER process can be significantly improved by applying a HAZOP type technique.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. vii, 85p. 45 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.

CIS 96-296 Rew P.J., Gallagher P., Deaves D.M.
Health and Safety Executive
Dispersion of subsea releases - Review of prediction methodologies
This report presents a review of methods used for the modelling of subsea gas releases and assesses the implications of using the modelling within a risk assessment. While simple empirical approximations tend to be used in risk assessment, computer modelling based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has been used in a research context. Lack of full-scale data has meant that the models have not been validated for high release rates common for blowouts or the rupture of subsea pipelines. In general, the assumptions commonly used in modelling the effects of subsea gas releases lead to conservative estimates of risk.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. iv, 59p. Illus. 63 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.

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