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Petroleum and natural gas industry - 659 entries found

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1999

CIS 01-84 Šatalov A.A., Lugovskoj A.I., Karabanov Ju.F.
Basic trends of improving the system of control of plant safety of enterprises with the example of Rjazan NPZ
Osnovnye napravlenija soveršenstvovanija sistemy upravlenija promyšlennoj bezopasnost'ju predprijatij na primere Rjazanskogo NPZ [in Russian]
The article describes the experience acquired during three years of intense plant safety efforts in the Rjazan oil refinery in Russia. Technical inspections aiming at determining the residual lifetime of equipment for safe operation were multiplied, and performed systematically and rigorously. All events of disregard of safety instructions are followed up by briefings and re-examinations. Technical training of all staff was performed in a systematic and thorough way and its success confirmed by tests. Strong emphasis is placed on personal responsibility. Planned preventive maintenance and renewal of equipment are performed. Many additional signalling and measuring points were set up. Despite the plant's age, the safety and downtime records were significantly improved.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, July 1999, No.7, p.6-10. Illus.

CIS 00-959
Health and Safety Executive
Safety representatives and safety committees on offshore installations
Topics: employee rights; legal aspects; offshore oil extraction; plant safety organization; responsibilities of employers; role of management; role of supervisory staff; role of workers organizations; safety and health committees; training material; United Kingdom; workers participation.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Jan. 1999. 8p.

CIS 00-1171 Imrhan S.N., Farahmand K.
Male torque strength in simulated oil rig tasks: The effects of grease-smeared gloves and handle length, diameter and orientation
This paper examines the effects of two glove conditions and selected handle and task characteristics on tightening (clockwise) torques on cylindrical handles in simulated oil rig tasks. Ten males exerted MVC torques with the right hand on nine handles with different length-diameter combinations (3.8, 7.6, and 12.7cm in length with 3.8, 6.7, and 8.4cm in diameter) with dry and grease-smeared gloves in two orientations. The results showed a 50% reduction of torque when using grease-smeared glove compared to dry glove; a 15% increase with the long handle compared to the short one, a 25% increase with the medium diameter handle compared to the small one; and a 12% increase with the horizontally oriented handle compared with the vertical one. There were important interaction effects also.
Applied Ergonomics, Oct. 1999, Vol.30, No.5, p.455-462. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 00-378 Duguid I.M.
Analysis of past incidents in the oil, chemical and petrochemical industries
Useful information can be drawn from past incidents and disasters. 500 incidents have been analysed with respect to frequencies, initial causes and responsibility. The largest category involving 10% of the incidents is runaway chemical reaction. Among other incident causes: corrosion and erosion (8%), modifications made to equipment or operating mode (8%), failing to meet the design specifications(7%), failure of safety instrumentation (6%), vibration (6%), uncontrolled releases (5%).
Loss Prevention News, Oct.-Dec. 1999, Vol.21, No.4, p.9-13.

CIS 00-11 Offshore installations - The Offshore Installations (Safety Zones) Order 1999 [United Kingdom]
Order made pursuant to the Petroleum Act 1987 (CIS 99-1759). Topics: law; offshore oil extraction; restricted areas; safe distances; United Kingdom.
HMSO Publications, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1999. 2p. Price: GBP 1.00.

CIS 00-100 CONCAWE Review 8:2
A large section of this review of CONCAWE activities is devoted to the question of ambient fine particulate matter, and covers health effects, sources, public policies to reduce air pollution and vehicle engine development. Other topics include a proposed European directive for limiting benzene in air, exposure profiles for kerosenes and jet fuels, safety statistics in the European oil industry and the risk of ignition of flammable substances by the use of mobile telephones.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, Vol.8, No.2, Oct. 1999. 24p. Illus.

CIS 99-2084 McPherson G.
Too tired to stay alert
The offshore environment is a dangerous home to workers who may, for half their lives, work 12-hour shifts for up to 14 consecutive days. Their particular job and lifestyle is designed to be repetitive but this habitual life can lead to fatigue which has been cited as a cause of a significant number of accidents offshore. Research into fatigue within this specific occupational community indicates the extent to which alertness is affected by fatigue. The results have implications for those working in a wider field. Topics: conditions of work; fatigue; offshore oil extraction; relaxed vigilance; shift work; work time schedules.
Safety and Health Practitioner, May 1999, Vol.17, No.5, p.16-18. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 99-1924
Health and Safety Executive
RIDDOR offshore
Guide to the U.K. legal requirements for reporting of offshore incidents. Replaces CIS 96-718. Topics: dangerous occurrences; injuries; legislation; notification of accidents and diseases; offshore oil extraction; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1999. 12p. 1 ref.

CIS 99-1521 Divine B.J., Hartman C.M., Wendt J.K.
Update of the Texaco mortality study 1947-93: Part II. Analyses of specific causes of death for white men employed in refining, research, and petrochemicals
Patterns of mortality for specific causes of death with increases in the Texaco mortality study were examined to determine if the patterns were related to employment in the petroleum industry. Mortality from mesothelioma was examined for the total cohort and for two maintenance groups with the greatest potential for exposure to asbestos. Analyses of specific causes of death by duration of employment in various job and process units did not show any patterns which suggest that, other than for mesothelioma, any of these increases in mortalities were likely to have resulted from workplace exposures or from employment at one of the places included in the Texaco mortality study (see also CIS 99-1520). Topics: brain cancer; cancer; asbestos; cohort study; laboratory work; length of exposure; leukaemia; long-term study; lymphoma; mesothelioma; mortality; myeloma; occupation disease relation; petrochemical industry; petroleum refining.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 1999, Vol.56, No.3, p.174-180. 26 ref.

CIS 99-1520 Divine B.J., Hartman C.M., Wendt J.K.
Update of the Texaco mortality study 1947-93: Part I. Analysis of overall patterns of mortality among refining, research, and petrochemical workers
Information on the workers in the Texaco mortality study was updated to determine if the patterns of mortality had changed with 16 additional years of follow up. The overall mortality and most cause specific mortalities were lower than or similar to those for the general population of the USA. Slightly increased mortality was found for cancer of the pancreas, cancer of the brain and central nervous system, leukaemia, and cancer of other lymphatic tissue. There were significantly increased standard mortality ratios for brain cancer for those people employed as laboratory workers and on units with motor oil and for cancer of other lymphatic tissue for people employed on the fluid catalytic cracking unit. The results of the updated study showed a favourable mortality experience for employees in the Texaco mortality study compared with the USA population (see also CIS 99-1521). Topics: brain cancer; cancer; cohort study; diseases of central nervous system; laboratory work; leukaemia; long-term study; lymphoma; mortality; occupation disease relation; osteosarcoma; petrochemical industry; petroleum refining; tumour of the pancreas.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 1999, Vol.56, No.3, p.167-173. 11 ref.

CIS 99-1267 Finkelstein M.M.
Maintenance work and asbestos-related cancers in the refinery and petrochemical sectors
Topics: asbestos; blue-collar workers; epidemiologic study; exposure evaluation; literature survey; lung cancer; maintenance and repair; mesothelioma; mortality; petrochemical industry; petroleum refining; radiographic testing; smoking; thermal insulation.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 1999, Vol.35, No.2, p.201-205. 18 ref.

CIS 99-1285 Consonni D., Pesatori A.C., Tironi A., Bernucci I., Zocchetti C., Bertazzi P.A.
Mortality study in an Italian oil refinery: Extension of the follow-up
The mortality of 1,583 workers employed in 1949-1982 in a northern Italy oil refinery plant was investigated to May 1991. Environmental measurements documented potential exposure to benzene. Compared with national and regional mortality rates, elevated mortality from lymphoma and leukaemia was observed. No consistent trends by length of employment or time since first exposure were apparent. Nonetheless, the excess risk was particularly and significantly increased among workers with 15 or more years of employment, and 30 or more years since first employment. The findings of elevated mortality from leukaemia and lymphoma are in agreement with those of other oil refinery studies. Exposure to benzene is a biologically plausible explanation. Topics: benzene; cancer; cohort study; Italy; length of exposure; leukaemia; long-term study; lymphoma; mortality; petroleum products; petroleum refining.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 1999, Vol.35, No.3, p.287-294. 54 ref.

1998

CIS 00-1514 Guideline and procedure for occupational safety inspection of installations, instruments and techniques used in natural oil and gas exploitation and geothermal resource exploitation - Decision of the Director General of Natural Oil and Gas No.84.K/38/DJM/1998 [Indonesia]
This Decision requires the holding of regular safety inspections in the natural oil and gas industry. Topics: Indonesia; inspection; law; occupational safety; petroleum and natural gas industry; safety checks.
Business News (Indonesia), 29 Oct. 1999, No.6, p.3A-5A.

CIS 00-1711 King R., Hirst R.
King's Safety in the process industries
Topics: chemical hazards; chemical industry; containment of spills; containment; corrosion; dioxins; electricity; emergency organization; equipment layout; explosion hazards; explosives; fire hazards; flammable substances; fuels; harmful substances; hazard criteria; hazard evaluation; hazard identification; history; hydrocarbons; ILO; inspection; legal aspects; legislation; maintenance; major hazards; manuals; mechanical hazards; occupational safety; offshore oil extraction; personal protective equipment; pressure limiting devices; process engineering; role of management; role of supervisory staff; safety analysis; safety by design; safety training in industry; transfer of technology; United Kingdom.
Arnold, Hodder Headline Group, 38 Euston Road, London, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1998. xii, 661p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 00-1637 Shrimpton M., Storey K., Husberg W.
Workers in remote areas: Case studies on the petroleum, mining and forestry industries
Topics: conditions of work; escape and exit; heavy work; ILO; logging; mental stress; mining industry; offshore oil extraction; personal protective equipment; plant safety and health organization; risk factors; safety and health training; shift work; social aspects; stress factors; thermal environment; welfare facilities; work in isolation; work organization.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, Jan. 1998. 85p. Illus. 45 ref.

CIS 00-1110 Lyons D.
Western European cross-country oil pipelines - 25-year performance statistics
This report analyses 25 years of performance and safety data on Western European cross-country oil pipelines up to 1995. Statistics are provided on pipeline infrastructure, safety (fatalities, injuries, fires, malicious damage), spillage performance, spillage causes and inspection. The report concludes that there is no evidence that the ageing of the pipeline system increases the risk of spillages, and that safe and reliable operations of the pipelines should remain possible for the foreseeable future subject to continued performance monitoring and the use of new and improved inspection techniques.
CONCAWE, Madouplein, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, June 1998. vi, 38p. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 00-379 Iparraguirre J.F., Rogard J., Dosne R.
Special pages: Internal emergency plan
Dossier: Plan d'opération interne [in French]
Topics: case study; chemical industry; dangerous substances; emergency organization; fire drills; fire exit drills; first-aid organization; food industry; France; legislation; major hazards; organization; petroleum refining; plant safety organization; toxic substances.
Face au risque, Sep. 1998, No.345, p.9-25. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 00-214
Health and Safety Executive
A guide to the offshore installations (safety case) regulations 1992
Replaces CIS 93-1339. Topics: comment on law; emergency organization; escape and rescue; hazard evaluation; information of personnel; legislation; licensing of undertakings; major hazards; offshore oil extraction; plant safety organization; role of management; safety checks; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1998. vi, 66p. 25 ref. Price: GBP 12.50.

CIS 99-1545 Martin D.E.
European downstream oil industry safety performance - Statistical summary of reported incidents - 1997 and overview 1993 to 1997
Topics: accident absenteeism; Europe; fatalities; frequency rates; occupational accidents; petroleum refining; statistical trends; statistics.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, Oct. 1998. 16p. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 99-1544 CONCAWE Review 7:2
Topics: aromatic hydrocarbons; atmospheric pollution; effluents; exhaust gases; petroleum and natural gas industry; petroleum products; pollution control; polycyclic hydrocarbons; report of activities; static electricity.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, Vol.7, No.2, Oct. 1998. 24p. Illus.

CIS 99-1634 Carere A., Crebelli R.
Biomarkers for environmental and occupational exposure to aromatic mutagens and carcinogens from emissions of oil shale petrochemistry
Topics: aromatic hydrocarbons; carcinogens; phosphorus-32; benzene; cytogenetic studies; description of technique; determination in air; determination in blood; estonia; exposure evaluation; exposure tests; haemoglobin; mutagens; oil shale industry; shale oil; urine monitoring.
Istituto superiore di sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Roma, Italy, 1998. iv, 48p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 99-1644
Health and Safety Executive
Emergency way guidance lighting systems - Phase 1
Topics: emergency exits; escape and exit; escape routes; escape time; glossary; human factors; offshore oil extraction; optical signalling; penetration into smoke; safety lighting; smoke; visibility assessment; visibility.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. viii, 95p. Illus. 66 ref. Price: GBP 55.00.

CIS 99-1581 Ormerod A.D., Dwyer C.M., Goodfield M.J.D.
Novel causes of contact dermatitis from offshore oil-based drilling muds
Topics: white spirit; case study; eczema; offshore oil extraction; sensitization dermatitis; skin tests; sludge.
Contact Dermatitis, Nov. 1998, Vol.39, No.5, p.262-263. 4 ref.

CIS 99-1219
Health and Safety Executive, Oil Industry Advisory Committee
Multi-skilling in the petroleum industry
Replaces CIS 92-1210. Topics: offshore oil extraction; petroleum and natural gas industry; responsibilities; vocational training; work design; work organization.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. iv, 14p. Illus. 7 ref. Price: GBP 9.95.

CIS 99-1203 Mearns K., Flin R., Gordon R., Fleming M.
Measuring safety climate on offshore installations
Human and organizational factors affecting safety were examined on ten offshore installations using the Offshore Safety Questionnaire. The "safety climates" on the various installations were characterized by most respondents feeling "safe" with respect to a range of offshore hazards and expressing "satisfaction" with safety measures. Respondents reported little risk-taking behaviour and felt positive about levels of work clarity and job communication. There was a wider diversity of opinions on the safety attitudes scale, indicating a lack of a positive, concerted "safety culture" and more evidence for a range of fragmented "safety subcultures" which varied mainly as a function of seniority, occupation, age, shift worked and prior accident involvement. The interaction between these subcultures partly determines the prevailing "safety climate" on any given installation. The existence of a strong, cohesive culture with respect to safety is not necessarily beneficial and may lead to complacency. A healthy culture may be represented by a range of assumptions, values, norms and expectations. Topics: attitude towards accidents; human behaviour; job dissatisfaction; mental workload; offshore oil extraction; questionnaire survey; risk awareness; risk factors; safety consciousness; safety rules; unsafe acts; workers participation.
Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1998, Vol.12, No.3, p.238-254. 28 ref.

CIS 99-719 Provisions No.389 of 1998 amending Provisions No.263 of 1995 concerning systematic supervision of the working environment in the petroleum industry [Norway]
Forskrift Nr.389 om endring i forskrift om systematisk oppfølging av arbeidsmiljøet i petroleumsvirksomheten [in Norwegian]
These provisions (entry into force 1 June 1998) amend the provisions dealing with definitions, special liability with respect to the working environment, safety rules for machinery and handling of dangerous chemicals of Provisions No.263 of 1995. For English and French translations of these provisions see CIS 95-792. Topics: chemical products; conditions of work; law; machinery guarding regulations; Norway; oil well operation; petroleum and natural gas industry; responsibilities.
Norsk Lovtidend, 27 May 1998, Part I, Vol.8, No.389, p.487-488.

CIS 99-718 Offshore Minerals (Application of Employers' Liability (Compulsory Insurance) Act 1969) Regulations 1998 [Falkland Islands]
Topics: Falkland Islands; law; offshore oil extraction; petroleum and natural gas industry; responsibilities of employers; workmen's compensation.
Falkland Islands Gazette Supplement, 30 Jan. 1998, Vol.9, No.5, p.66-69.

CIS 99-717 Reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences Order 1998 [Falkland Islands]
This Order (entry into force 1 Feb. 1998) implements the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (CIS 95-1930) with respect to offshore oil installations. Topics: dangerous occurrences; Falkland Islands; fatalities; injuries; law; notification of accidents and diseases; offshore oil extraction; petroleum and natural gas industry; safety service records; schedule of occupational diseases.
Falkland Islands Gazette Supplement, 30 Jan. 1998, Vol.9, No.5, p.44-65.

CIS 99-716 Offshore Installations and Wells (Design and Construction, etc.) Order 1998 [Falkland Islands]
Topics: Falkland Islands; in-plant transport; information of personnel; law; lighting; offshore oil extraction; oil well operation; petroleum and natural gas industry; safety by design; ventilation; welfare facilities; well drilling.
Falkland Islands Gazette Supplement, 30 Jan. 1998, Vol.9, No.5, p.22-43.

CIS 99-725 Offshore Installations (Prevention of Fire and Explosion and Emergency Response) Order 1998 [Falkland Islands]
Topics: alarm systems; emergency organization; escape and rescue; explosion prevention; Falkland Islands; fire prevention; law; offshore oil extraction; petroleum and natural gas industry; safety service equipment.
Falkland Islands Gazette Supplement, 30 Jan. 1998, Vol.9, No.5, p.4-21.

CIS 99-419
Health and Safety Executive
Sound solutions offshore: Practical examples of noise reduction
Topics: acoustic enclosure; case study; check lists; glossary; legislation; noise control; noise level; offshore oil extraction; silencers; sound absorption; sound attenuation; sound isolation; training material; United Kingdom; vibration isolation.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. iv, 84p. Illus. 9 ref. Price: GBP 19.50.

CIS 99-507 CONCAWE Review 7:1
Topics: airborne dust; atmospheric pollution; computerized data bases; economic aspects; exhaust gases; harmful substances; hazard evaluation; petroleum and natural gas industry; petroleum products; petroleum refining; pollution control; report of activities; sea transport; supply of information.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, Vol.7, No.1, Apr. 1998. 25p. Illus.

CIS 99-377 The Personal Protective Equipment at Work Order 1998 [Falkland Islands]
This Order (entry into force 1 Feb. 1998) applies the provisions of the Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 (CIS 93-6) to offshore installations. Topics: Falkland Islands; law; offshore oil extraction; personal protective equipment; petroleum and natural gas industry; supply of personal protective equipment.
Falkland Islands Gazette Supplement, 30 Jan. 1998, Vol.9, No.5, p.2-3.

CIS 99-376 Provision and Use of Work Equipment Order 1998 [Falkland Islands]
This Order (entry into force 1 Feb. 1998) applies the provisions of the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1992 to offshore installations. Topics: equipment, workplaces and operations; Falkland Islands; law; offshore oil extraction; petroleum and natural gas industry.
Falkland Islands Gazette Supplement, 30 Jan. 1998, Vol.9, No.4, p.82-83.

CIS 99-375 Management of Health and Safety at Work Order 1998 [Falkland Islands]
These Regulations apply only in respect of offshore minerals exploration and exploitation. Topics: dangerous work; Falkland Islands; hazard evaluation; information of personnel; law; medical supervision; offshore oil extraction; petroleum and natural gas industry; plant safety and health organization; responsibilities of employees; responsibilities of employers; role of management; safety training in industry; subcontractors; young persons.
Falkland Islands Gazette Supplement, 30 Jan. 1998, Vol.9, No.4, p.67-81.

CIS 99-374 Offshore Installations and Pipeline Works (Management and Administration) Order 1998 [Falkland Islands]
Topics: dangerous work; Falkland Islands; law; medical supervision; offshore oil extraction; petroleum and natural gas industry; piping; plant safety organization; responsibilities of employers.
Falkland Islands Gazette Supplement, 30 Jan. 1998, Vol.9, No.4, p.52-64.

CIS 99-373 Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Order 1998 [Falkland Islands]
This Order (entry into force 1 Feb. 1998) applies the provisions of the Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Regulations 1992 (CIS 93-1339) to offshore installations. Topics: emergency organization; escape and rescue; Falkland Islands; hazard evaluation; information of personnel; law; major hazards; offshore oil extraction; petroleum and natural gas industry; plant safety organization; responsibilities; role of management; safety and health committees; safety by design; safety checks; safety planning.
Falkland Islands Gazette Supplement, 30 Jan. 1998, Vol.9, No.4, p.18-49.

CIS 99-372 Health and Safety at Work, etc. Act 1974 (Application outside the Falkland Islands) Order 1998 [Falkland Islands]
This Order (entry into force 1 Feb. 1998) applies Part I of the Health and Safety at Work, etc. Act 1974 (CIS 74-2099) to offshore installations, wells and pipelines in territorial waters or designated areas of the Falkland Islands. Topics: Falkland Islands; law; offshore oil extraction; oil well operation; petroleum and natural gas industry; piping; plant safety and health organization.
Falkland Islands Gazette Supplement, 30 Jan. 1998, Vol.9, No.4, p.12-15.

CIS 99-371 Offshore Health and Safety Order 1998 [Falkland Islands]
This Order (entry into force 1 Feb. 1998) applies the Offshore Safety Act 1992 (CIS 93-356) and Part I of the Health and Safety at Work, etc. Act 1974 (CIS 74-2099) to the controlled waters of the Falkland Islands. Topics: Falkland Islands; law; offshore oil extraction; petroleum and natural gas industry; piping; plant safety and health organization.
Falkland Islands Gazette Supplement, 30 Jan. 1998, Vol.9, No.4, p.1-11.

CIS 99-672 Bjorvatn B., Kecklund G., Åkerstedt T.
Rapid adaptation to night work at an oil platform, but slow readaptation after returning home
In a study of 14 days of consecutive night work on an oil platform, workers adapted to night work within a few days, as indicated by the rapid reduction of night-work sleepiness, and by the gradual delay of bedtime to an hour commensurate with the behaviour of day workers. Readaptation to day life was slower and more difficult, adding evidence of a complete adaptation to night work. Lack of conflicting exposure to daylight in the morning may have facilitated the rapid adjustment to night work. Topics: circadian rhythm; day-night variations; natural lighting; night work; Norway; offshore oil extraction; shift work; sleep disturbances; sleep pattern.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 1998, Vol.40, No.7, p.601-608. Illus. 25 ref.

CIS 99-473 Pukkala E.
Cancer incidence among Finnish oil refining workers, 1971-1994
Cancer incidence was studied in a cohort of 7,512 men and 1,942 women who had been employed for at least three months in a Finnish enterprise that was primarily active in oil refining. Based on national incidence rates, the standardized incidence ratios for overall cancer after five years at work was decreased by 12% because of a significant deficit from lung cancer in oil refineries. There was a significant excess of kidney cancer in males, which was highest among men with at least five years of employment in oil refineries. Male blue-collar workers had a twofold risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-melanocytic skin cancer. Occupational exposure to gasoline may be associated with increased risk of cancer of the kidney. Topics: cancer; motor fuel; cohort study; Finland; Hodgkin's disease; length of exposure; lung cancer; morbidity; petroleum refining; renal cancer; sex-linked differences.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1998, Vol.40, No.8, p.675-679. 13 ref.

CIS 99-331 Leach J., Morris P.E.
Cognitive factors in the close visual and magnetic particle inspection of welds underwater
In an experimental study of the accuracy of close visual inspection and magnetic particle inspection of underwater welds high error rates were observed. Performance was strongly correlated with embedded figures and visual search tests and was unrelated to length of professional diving experience, formal inspection qualifications or age. Cognitive tests of memory for designs, spatial relations, dotted outlines and block design failed to correlate with performance. Applications of this research include more reliable inspection reporting, increased effectiveness from current inspection techniques and directions for the refinement of subsea inspection equipment. Topics: cognitive performance; detection of faults; diving; inspection; magnetic testing; non-destructive testing; offshore oil extraction; underwater construction; visual tasks; welded joints.
Human Factors, June 1998, Vol.40, No.2, p.187-197. 24 ref.

CIS 99-280 Wheelton R.
Radium exposure in the oil industry
Topics: corrosion; decontamination of equipment; disposal of radioactive waste; exposure evaluation; limitation of exposure; offshore oil extraction; petroleum and natural gas industry; piping; radioactive substances; radium.
Radiological Protection Bulletin, Sep. 1998, No.205, p.25-28. 6 ref.

CIS 99-148 Rundmo T., Hestad H., Ulleberg P.
Organisational factors, safety attitudes and workload among offshore oil personnel
Topics: attitude towards accidents; conditions of work; job dissatisfaction; labour-management relations; neuropsychic stress; Norway; offshore oil extraction; physical workload; questionnaire survey; risk awareness; safety consciousness; stress factors.
Safety Science, July 1998, Vol.29, No.2, p.75-87. Illus. 50 ref.

CIS 99-262 Dalzell G.
Piper Alpha - Ten years of learning
Topics: accident descriptions; emergency organization; explosion hazards; fire hazards; hazard evaluation; legislation; major hazards; offshore oil extraction; plant safety organization; safety by design; United Kingdom.
Fire Prevention, July-Aug. 1998, No.311, p.17-20. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 98-1609 Talvi A.I., Järvisalo J.O., Knuts L.R., Kaitaniemi P.R.
Life-style related health promotion needs in oil refinery employees
Topics: age-linked differences; blood pressure; diet; Finland; health programmes; lipid metabolism; mental disorders; musculoskeletal diseases; obesity; petroleum refining; physical fitness; sex-linked differences; sleep; smoking; social aspects.
Occupational Medicine, Jan. 1998, Vol.48, No.1, p.45-53. Illus. 43 ref.

CIS 98-1291
Health and Safety Executive
Assessment principles for offshore safety cases
Topics: assembly and disassembly; check lists; emergency organization; escape organization; hazard evaluation; implementation of control measures; legislation; major hazards; offshore oil extraction; plant safety organization; rescue organization; responsibilities of employers; role of management; safety by design; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, July 1998. v, 42p. 21 ref. Price: GBP 9.95.

CIS 98-1290
Health and Safety Executive
Offshore health and safety legislation - Your questions answered
Topics: data sheet; legislation; offshore oil extraction; petroleum and natural gas industry; responsibilities; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1998. 11p. 24 ref.

CIS 98-1289
Health and Safety Executive
A guide to the Offshore Installations (Safety Representatives and Safety Committees) Regulations 1989
Topics: comment on law; legislation; offshore oil extraction; responsibilities; safety and health committees; safety training in industry; United Kingdom; workers participation.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1998. v, 34p. 4 ref. Price: GBP 8.50.

CIS 98-657 Raabe G.K., Collingwood K.W., Wong O.
An updated mortality study of workers at a petroleum refinery in Beaumont, Texas
Topics: cancer; haemic and lymphatic diseases; length of service; leukaemia; long-term study; lung cancer; lymphoma; mortality; myeloma; petroleum refining; prostatic cancer; race-linked differences; sex-linked differences; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Jan. 1998, Vol.33, No.1, p.61-81. 45 ref.

1997

CIS 00-1263 Catalogue of CONCAWE reports
Topics: atmospheric pollution; catalogue; dangerous substances; environment; environmental pollution; motor fuel; neighbourhood protection; noise; occupational hygiene; occupational safety; petroleum and natural gas industry; piping; pollution control; training manuals; training material.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1030 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1997. 46p.

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