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CIS 94-495
Commission of the European Communities
Health and safety training in the fishing industry
La formation à la sécurité et à la santé dans le secteur de la pêche [in French]
Contents of this guide: working conditions on board a fishing vessel and accident statistics; socio-economic characteristics of the sector; safety, health and hygiene at the workplace; examples of accidents and fault-tree analysis; minimum checklist; preparation of gear for bottom trawling; shooting and hauling fish gear; preparation of fish, stowage and unloading; working with machinery; electrical and welding tasks; maintenance tasks; personal protective equipment; galley tasks; signals and alarms; firefighting, abandon-ship and man-overboard manoeuvres; medical consultation by radio.
Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2985 Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, 1993. 66p. Illus. 4 ref.


CIS 95-2114 Harbrecht J.P.
Research results for practical use - Working conditions and hygiene in the German deep-see fishing industry
Forschungsergebnisse für die Praxis - Arbeits- und Gesundheitsbedingungen in der deutschen Hochseefischerei [in German]
Principal themes of this information note: introduction; safety considerations during shipping boat construction (seaworthiness, protection against waves, storage for fishing gear, cranes, noise protection (fans installed on the fishing deck, winches, work rooms, fish treatment rooms), machine rooms); technical and ergonomical improvements in fish treatment and storage; fall protection (head protection, communication with the bridge, foot protection, protective clothing and gloves, safety belts, lifejackets, immobilization of fishing gear during repairs).
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz, Friedrich-Henkel-Weg 1-25, Postfach 17 02 02, 44061 Dortmund, Germany, 1992. 12p. 20 ref.

CIS 95-2017 Aranda S.J., González R.O., Herrera H.C.
Measures of protection against hydrogen sulfide fumes
Medidas preventivas ante emanaciones de ácido sulfhídrico [in Spanish]
The presence of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) fumes is primarily due to the decomposition of sulfur-containing organic matter (such as fish). This training guide covers: characteristics of H2S; natural, artificial and industrial sources; effects of exposure on the body (can be fatal at concentrations > 200ppm); accident causes; exposure limit in Chile (8ppm = 11.2mg/m3); measures of prevention (general; before, during and after fish unloading operations; emergency measures); first aid; personal protective equipment; detectors; check-list for prevention.
Asociación Chilena de Seguridad, Casilla 14565, Correo Central, Santiago de Chile, Chile, 1992. 17p. Illus.

CIS 95-2012 Olivares Puente F.
Hazards aboard fishing vessels
Riesgos a bordo del barco pesquero [in Spanish]
Training guide to safety aboard fishing vessels. Contents: hazards during embarkation and disembarkation; hazards during mooring manoeuvres; hazards during deck manoeuvres; hazards at sea. Glossary.
Asociación Chilena de Seguridad, Casilla 14565, Correo Central, Santiago de Chile, Chile, 2nd ed., 1992. 12p. Illus.

CIS 95-2011 Olivares Puente F.
Maritime regulations
Reglamentación marítima [in Spanish]
Survey of Chilean safety regulations applying to fishing vessels: role of the Maritime Authority; jurisdictional waters; despatch and reception of boats; the fishing crew; work aboard fishing vessels; obligations of the crew.
Asociación Chilena de Seguridad, Casilla 14565, Correo Central, Santiago de Chile, Chile, 2nd ed., 1992. 12p. Illus.

CIS 95-1354 Hagmar L., Lindén K., Nilsson A., Norrving B., Åkesson B., Schütz A., Möller T.
Cancer incidence and mortality among Swedish Baltic Sea fishermen
A 25% lower cancer mortality was found for 1360 Swedish fishermen who fished in the Baltic Sea than for the general population. The fishermen consumed twice as much fish as the general population in the same county. In spite of the low overall cancer mortality, increased mortality from myeloma, as well as increased incidences of gastric carcinoma and squamous cell cancer of the skin and lips, were observed in the cohort. The decrease in risk for ischaemic heart disease was not significant. Whether the dietary intake of fatty acids and selenium from fish contributed to the reduced mortality was difficult to evaluate. Moreover, whether the consumption of fish from the Baltic Sea, contaminated with, for example, polychlorinated dioxins, dibenzofurans and other persistent organochlorine substances, contributed to the observed specific cancer risks is not known. However, the net health effect of high fish consumption from the Baltic Sea seems to be positive.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Aug. 1992, Vol.18, No.4, p.217-224. 43 ref.

CIS 94-755 Council Directive 92/29/EEC of 31 March 1992 on the minimum safety and health requirements for improved medical treatment on board vessels [European Communities]
Directive du Conseil 92/29/CEE, du 31 mars 1992, concernant les prescriptions minimales de sécurité et de santé pour promouvoir une meilleure assistance médicale à bord des navires [Communautés européennes] [in French]
This directive describes the provisions that should apply to all commercial vessels flying the flag of a European Community member state and not operating on inland waterways. The directive deals with medical equipment and medicines that should be on board vessels. Main topics: classification of vessels, antidotes, allocation of responsibilities, information and training, medical consultation by radio, inspection, advisory committee for the EC Commission, provisions for the member states in respect of implementation. The checklist for medical equipment and medicine that is to be carried is amended.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 30 Apr. 1992, Vol.35, No.L.113, p.19-36.

CIS 93-1234 Hopper A.G., Dean A.J.
Safety in fishing - Learning from experience
This article analyses the level of safety in some sections of the UK fishing industry by looking at accident statistics and by examining recent case histories. Fishing has always been a high-risk profession but there are ways in which risks can be diminished. Many of the problems are due to vessels being built below the 12m threshold at which the 1975 Safety Rules currently apply. Some of the vessels lack adequate reserve stability to withstand capsizing in a dynamic situation and there are deficiencies in design and safety equipment. The training programmes produced by Seafish Technology on survival, fire fighting and first aid are now mandatory for all new entrants into the profession. However, there is a need for a much greater awareness of accident prevention.
Safety Science, Nov. 1992, Vol.15, Nos.4-6, Special issue, p.249-271. Illus. 3 ref.


CIS 93-1140 Fishing activities - 1. Bow-net fishing (pot vessels); 2. Sein-net fishing; 3. Trawling
Faenas de pesca - 1. Nasa; 2. Cerco; 3. Arrastre [in Spanish]
A series of three videotapes on accident risks and their prevention in the deep-sea fishing industry, with each tape corresponding to a major type of commercial fishing in Spain. Viewer involvement and humour are used throughout as training techniques.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, C/Torrelaguna, 73 - 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1991. 3 videotapes (17 + 16 + 20min).

CIS 92-1897 Maline J., Dorval P.
Work activity of fishermen and heart rate
Activité de travail du marin pêcheur et fréquence cardiaque [in French]
In a project dealing with crew's workload on board an off-shore trawler, the fishermen's heart rate was recorded (Holter method) during a 24h period. The necessity of analysing, at the same time, the crew's activity is emphasised. It was found that strain on the heart increased when the fishermen were obliged to perform heavy work involving fishing gear.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1991, Vol.52, No.1, p.7-15. 7 ref.

CIS 92-796 Olivares Puentes F.
Risk prevention in fishing operations on trawlers
Prevención de riesgos en faenas de pesca con espinel [in Spanish]
Training brochure aimed at workers in the fishing industry. Glossary.
Asociación Chilena de Seguridad, Casilla 14565, Correo Central, Santiago, Chile, Aug. 1991. 12p. Illus.

CIS 91-1498 Harker C., Matheson A.B., Ross J.A.S., Seaton A.
Accidents in the workplace
A prospective survey of patients attending the central Accident and Emergency Department and Eye Casualty Department in Aberdeen (UK) was carried out. Work-related injuries accounted for 16.5 per cent of new patients attending the general accident department and 21.7 per cent of those attending the eye casualty department. Analysis by industrial sector led to estimates that almost one in 10 workers employed in manufacturing industries and in agriculture/forestry/fishing will attend casualty in the course of a year for a work-related injury. The relatively low-risk service sector, because of the large numbers of people employed, contributed the greatest number of individuals with work-related injuries. Two industries had very high rates of specific and preventable injuries - food and fish processing with an estimated 17 knife lacerations per 1000 per annum and mechanical engineering with 60 eye injuries per 1000 per annum.
Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine, Summer 1991, Vol.41, No.2, p.73-76. 8 ref.


CIS 95-2037 Olivares Puentes F., Mercado Aguilar V.
Hazards of using fishing vessel gear
Riesgos en maniobras con aparejos [in Spanish]
Introduction to the safe use of fishing vessel gear: pulley blocks, winches etc.
Asociación Chilena de Seguridad, Casilla 14565, Correo Central, Santiago de Chile, Chile, 1990. 8p. Illus.

CIS 92-2046 Norrish A.E., Cryer P.C.
Work related injury in New Zealand commercial fishermen
The fatal and non-fatal injuries related to work in commercial fishermen operating out of New Zealand ports is described. Three data sources were used to provide information on the nature of the injuries sustained, as well as their circumstances. High rates of fatal and non-fatal injury were found. Most of the deaths were due to drowning in rough seas or poor weather. A higher fatal injury rate was found for the west coast of New Zealand when compared with the rest of the country. This is likely to be due to a combination of factors, including rougher sea conditions, a lower density of fishing vessels operating in the area, and the siting of many west coast fishing ports at dangerous river and harbour bars. Injuries to hands and fingers related to the use of winches, machinery and knives were common, as were back strains associated with lifting, and a variety of injuries resulting from falls. There is need for a comprehensive injury information source, such as an industry based register specific for fishing, so that effective preventative strategies and their evaluation can be developed.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 1990, Vol.47, No.11, p.726-732. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 90-1245
Commission of the European Communities - Health and Safety Directorate / Terminology and Computer Applications Division
Glossarium - Fishing vessels and safety on board - Vol.1
Glossarium - Bateaux de pêche et sécurité à bord - Vol. n°1 [in French]
Glossary of 550 terms used in the literature of safety on board fishing boats. The terms are ordered according to their sense, and are often accompanied by line drawings. Equivalent terms (with definitions) are given in the nine official languages of the European Communities. There are also individual alphabetic indexes for each of the languages.
Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2985 Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, 1990. 535p. Illus. 57 ref. Price: ECU 42.50.


CIS 90-1746 Sutherland K.M., Flin R.H.
Stress at sea: A review of working conditions in the offshore oil and fishing industries
This paper reviews the literature available on the psychosocial aspects of the offshore oil and fishing industries. Both work sectors present unique problems for their employees and these are discussed with reference to risk and safety, accidents and injuries, occupational stressors, marriage and family life, noise, alcohol and drug abuse and personality. The paper concludes that although both occupations are intrinsically different, some psychosocial similarities can be observed.
Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1989, Vol.3, No.3, p.269-285. Bibl.


CIS 00-915 Commercial Fishing Industry Vessel Safety Act of 1988 [USA]
This Act introduces important changes into US Public Law 100-424 related to the safe operation of commercial fishing vessels. The Chapters that are modified, and reprinted, are: Chapter 45 (Uninspected commercial fishing industry vessels) and Chapter 106 (Fishing voyages).
United States Code - Congressional and Administrative News, 2nd Session, 100th Congress, 1988, 102 Stat., p.1585-1593.

CIS 90-1152 Gonçalo V.
Escola Portuguesa de Pesca
Safety at sea
Segurança no mar [in Portuguese]
Handbook using coloured illustrations and humour to provide comprehensive safety advice to deep-sea fishermen. Contents: safety while in port; safety organisation on board fishing boats; personal hygiene and health and living on boats; first aid; fire safety; asking for help (sound and visual signals, using the radio, emergency radio transmitters); abandoning ship and surviving in lifeboats.
Forpescas, Lisboa, Portugal, 1988. ca. 140p. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 90-491 Minowa M., Miyake H., Hisamichi S., Shimizu H., Ohgiya E., Miyauchi S., Hirano T., Ishida A., Satori M., Yamashita T., Konno J., Ito T., Sugawara M.
A case-control study of lung cancer in fishing areas
Gyogyō chiiki ni okeru haigan no kanja taishō kenkyū [in Japanese]
A case-control study of lung cancer was performed in fishing areas in order to identify reasons for high lung cancer mortality in the fishing areas of Japan. The families of 126 males who died from lung cancer during 1979-1984, and 2 types of controls were interviewed concerning smoking status, occupational history, etc. 126 controls (group A) were selected from males who died from other causes than lung cancer and 120 controls (group B) were chosen from males who died from cerebrovascular disease. The relative risk (RR) of lung cancer due to smoking was higher when compared to group B than to group A (11.05 and 7.31 respectively). Relative risk of lung cancer associated with the fishing occupation adjusted for smoking status was significantly high (RR = 2.07 vs. group A). The highest statically significant smoking-adjusted relative risks were seen for pelagic (as opposed to inshore) fishermen (RR = 6.33) and for those who had experience as captains (RR = 2.16).
Japanese Journal of Public Health, Nov. 1988, Vol.11, No.35, p.614-619. 13 ref.

CIS 89-1233
Health and Safety Executive
A guide to the Loading and Unloading of Fishing Vessels Regulations 1988
This booklet contains the Loading and Unloading of Fishing Vessels Regulations 1988 (see also CIS 89-375) and Guidance giving advice on the interpretation and methods of compliance with these Regulations. The Guidance is aimed at both employers' and employees' representatives. Contents: interpretation; application; duties; safe working place and safe access (shore to ship, ship to ship, ship's holds, slippery surfaces, lighting, rescue, fire fighting); safety of work and equipment (confined spaces, lifting plant, machinery, electrical, vehicles); exemption certificates; enforcement. In the appendix: section 4 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.
HMSO Publication Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1988. 12p. Price: GBP 2.50.

CIS 89-1020 Tomaszunas S., Wectawik Z., Lewiński M.
Allergic reactions to cuttlefish in deep-sea fishermen
This letter to the editor presents data about allergy to cuttlefish in crews of Polish factory ships operating in the South Atlantic during 1983-87. Among 66 cases listed as bronchial asthma and spastic bronchitis, 8 were accompanied by skin manifestations of allergy, and 5 by conjunctivitis. All cases except 3 were seen by ships' doctors. All 66 cases were crew members who handled cuttlefish. In 1987, the estimated incidence of allergic reactions was about 1% on an annual base. These allergic reactions are important because asthma on a ship without a doctor is difficult to treat.
Lancet, 14 May 1988, Vol.1, No.8594, p.1116-1117. Illus. 1 ref.

CIS 89-375 Health and Safety - The Loading and Unloading of Fishing Vessels Regulation 1988 [United Kingdom]
These regulations impose health and safety requirements with respect to fish loading and unloading processes, moving or handling of wet fish at or near a quay or on a fishing vessel when moored at the quay, and incidental activities. They require provision and maintenance of a safe place of work and means of access; fencing at specified places; suitable and adequate lighting; provision of rescue, life-saving and fire fighting equipment and means; safe planning and execution of fish loading.
HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London, SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1988. 4p. Price: GBP 0.85.


CIS 91-76
Canadian Coast Guard
Safety handbook for the inshore fisherman
Guide de sécurité pour pêcheurs côtiers [in French]
This guide applies primarily to commercial fishing vessels not exceeding 15t gross and details the equipment required under the Canadian Small Fishing Vessel Inspection Regulations and the International Regulations for the Prevention of Collision at Sea. Topics covered: minimum required equipment; safety practices including selection and maintenance of fire extinguishers, procedures for abandoning ship and calling for help, refuelling precautions and electrical safety; operating regulations with reference to navigation lights, the Canadian buoyage system, nautical charts and VHF radio; communications and weather information; diving; safety tips; first aid; icing conditions; marine security; air cushion vehicles; search and rescue operations.
Publishing Centre, Supply and Services Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9, Canada, 1987. 38p. Illus.

CIS 90-1151 Gonçalo V.
Escola Profissional de Pesca de Lisboa
Emergencies at sea
Emergências no mar [in Portuguese]
Brochure using coloured illustrations and humour to provide guidance to fishermen in dealing with emergencies at sea: follow the weather forecasts; wear proper clothing; what do do if you fall overboard; first aid in life-threatening situations; avoid collisions; how to deal with fires at sea; maintain radio contact; know code flags, flares and balloons.
Forpescas, Lisboa, Portugal, 1987. 33p. Illus.

CIS 89-187 International Labour Conference - Seventy-fourth (Maritime) Session, Geneva 1987. Record of Proceedings
Conférence internationale du Travail - Soixante-quatorzième session (maritime), Genève 1987. Compte rendu des travaux [in French]
Compendium of ILO instruments relating to seamen, and working papers of the conference at which they were adopted: Convention 173 and Recommendation 173 concerning Seafarer's Welfare at Sea and in Port, Convention 162 Concerning Health Protection and Medical Care for Seafarers, Convention 165 Concerning Social Security for Seafarers (Revised), Convention 166 (Revised) and Recommendation 174 Concerning the Repatriation of Seafarers.
International Labour Office, ILO Publications, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1988. Approx. 440p. Price: CHF 47.50.

CIS 88-1205 Jeyaratnam J., Lee J., Lee H.P., Phoon W.O.
Stomach cancer incidence in a cohort of fishermen in Singapore
A retrospective cohort study of 279 Chinese fishermen in Singapore was undertaken to examine the possibiity of an elevated incidence of stomach cancer. The fishermen as a group had a greater than twofold excess in stomach cancer relative to controls but the difference was not statistically significant. Four stomach cancer cases were observed among the subgroup of divers. The standardised incidence ratio for the divers was 4.3. There was no evidence of an increased risk for cancer of any other site (lung, nasopharynx and liver) in this cohort. Dietary factors are suggested as a possible explanation for the increased risk for stomach cancer among fishermen, but larger studies are required to test this hypothesis.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Dec. 1987, Vol.13, No.6, p.524-526. 25 ref.

CIS 88-1070
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po trudu i social'nym voprosam, Sekretariat Vsesojuznogo central'nogo soveta professional'nyh sojuzov
Approval of a standard list of strenuous, hazardous, especially strenuous and especially hazardous jobs for which supplemental payments to workers on account of working conditions may be established in the seafood industry [USSR]
Ob utverždenii tipovogo perečnja rabot s tjaželymi i vrednymi, osobo tjaželymi i osobo vrednymi uslovijami truda, na kotoryh mogut ustanavlivat'sja doplaty rabočim za uslovija truda na predprijatijah rybnoj promyšlennosti [in Russian]
This decision of 2 Oct. 1986 ratifies the given list and replaces that established by decision No.328/34 of 14 Dec. 1972. The list covers the blanching of fish, fish products and other marine products, the digestion of fish meal, the filtration of fat, the setting up of fish processing lines, hand salting of fish and seafood, preparation of dry fish paste and work in freezing chambers at temperatures below -20°C.
Bjulleten' - Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po trudu i social'nym voprosam, 1987, No.4, p.41-43.

CIS 88-1334 Shibayama M., Mano Y., Okubo J.
Study of Eustachian tube function in fishermen (oikomi-gyohō) divers
Gyogyō (oikomi-gyohō) daibā no jikan kinō ni kansuru kenkyū [in Japanese]
The intranasal pressure at the opening of the auditory tube was compared by Valsalva's method with that of normal adults under atmospheric pressure to assess the auditory tubal function of divers often exposed to hyperbaric conditions. The mean auditory tube opening pressure was higher in the divers than in the controls. There are 2 ways of accommodating human auditory tubal ventilation: active opening and passive opening - the former is predominant in adults, the latter in children. The function in divers resembles the child type. This finding suggested that their auditory tube might not open and close with each swallowing movement under atmospheric pressure, or the auditory tube and the middle ear themselves no longer needed the opening with each swallowing movement under atmospheric pressure. Moreover, divers take various postures while they are diving, including a head-down posture. The auditory tube opens less readily in the head-down position. This phenomenon appears to represent the effect of hydrostatic venous pressure in water.
Japanese Journal of Industrial Health - Sangyō-Igaku, July 1987, Vol.29, No.4, p.265-270. Illus. 15 ref.

CIS 88-302 Williamson A.M., Clarke B., Edmonds C.
Neurobehavioural effects of professional abalone diving
In a study of 33 Australian commercial abalone divers, nervous system function was examined using a battery of neurobehavioural tests. Their performance was compared with that of non-diver controls matched for age, sex, education level, job type, language abilities, and cigarette and alcohol consumption. Abalone divers showed significantly poorer vision, learning, and short-term memory performance and increased tremor relative to the controls. The reaction time of abalone divers was as fast as or significantly faster than that of controls but their error rates were much higher, indicating that abalone divers were sacrificing accuracy for speed. Despite their apparent risk-taking approach to these tests, the performance of abalone divers suggests some impairment of nervous system function.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1987, Vol.44, No.7, p.459-466. Illus. 20 ref.

CIS 87-527 Reilly M.J.S.
Have "formal investigations" into fishing vessel losses ceased?
Systematic studies of 618 fishing vessel losses between Jan. 1961 and Dec. 1982 have shown an increased incidence of total losses from 1972 onwards. Comparison of mean pre- and post-1972 rates indicated an increase of 120%, from 2.54 to 5.58 losses per 1000 vessels at risk. Parallel examination of the mortality of fishermen from all occupational accidents showed no improvement. For deaths arising from vessel losses alone, the mean crude death rate, for the same periods, increased by 13%. Despite these findings, formal investigations (courts of inquiry) into fishing losses, ordered by the Department of Transport according to specified criteria, decreased in number from about 1975 onwards. None of the 141 fishing vessel losses between Jan. 1980 and Dec. 1982 proceeded to formal investigation. The possibility that the criteria for ordering formal investigations have not been fulfilled by the circumstances of fishing vessels losses from 1975 onwards is assessed as one explanation for this paradoxical finding of an inverse relation between losses and investigations. The accident investigation and public reporting procedures for aviation accidents should be adopted for marine accidents in general and fishing vessel losses in particular.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Jan. 1987, Vol.44, No.1, p.7-13. Illus. 13 ref.


CIS 89-16 Safety at Sea Act 1986 [United Kingdom]
Act promoting the safety of fishing and other vessels at sea and the persons in them. Provision is made for the compulsory carrying of radio beacons, life rafts and lifejackets on all boats >12m long. The Secretary of State is authorised to issue regulations for ensuring that the skipper of and every seaman employed on a fishing vessel is trained in safety matters.
HMSO Sales, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1986. 7p.

CIS 88-508 Dorval P., Le Pluart C., Maline J., Minguy J.L., Mousseau M.C., Petitot M.
Study of the ocean fisherman's workload
Etude de la charge de travail du marin-pêcheur [in French]
This study dealt largely with onboard work organisation and with physical workload in coastal and off-shore fishing. Heart rate was used as an indicator of workload. The Holter recording technique was shown to be valid under difficult working and environmental conditions. The results are not definitive, but do demonstrate the usefulness of the techniques employed in making a first assessment of the workload to which fishermen are subjected, in analysing their working conditions and in studying ways of improving them.
Laboratoire "Sécurité et conditions de travail à la pêche maritime", Centre de Génie Industriel, Institut universitaire de technologie de Lorient, Guidel-Plages, 56520 Guidel, France, Nov. 1986. 121p. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 87-1099 Foussereau J.
Allergy due to exposure to bryozoa
L'allergie aux bryozoaires [in French]
Information note aimed at occupational physicians. Population exposed to bryozoa (fishermen, divers), and consequently at risk of developing allergic eczema. Two species are known as aetiologic agents: Alcyonidium hirsutum and Alcyonidium gelatinosum. Biology and geographical distribution of Alcyonidium gelatinosum. Clinical and allergological study. Diagnosis. Personal protection. Compensation.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, Dec. 1986, No.28, p.315-316. 13 ref.

CIS 86-1399 Andrews G., Holt P., Edmonds C., Lowry C., Cistulli P., McKay B., Misra S., Sutton G.
Does non-clinical decompression stress lead to brain damage in abalone divers?
No evidence of cognitive impairment, as evidenced by a battery of neuro-psychological tests, was found in 48 Australian divers, despite many past occurrences of decompression sickness among them. Commercial fishermen who do not dive were used as controls.
Medical Journal of Australia, 14 Apr. 1986, Vol.144, No.8, p.399-401. 10 ref.


CIS 86-1188 Kagamimori S., Naruse Y., Watanabe M., Minowa M., Iibuchi Y.
Mortality rates of farmers and fishermen in Japan compared with England and Wales
Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) for various disease in terms of occupation have been compared in Japan and England and Wales. The SMRs for leading causes for death in Japan, such as cerebrovascular disease, are significantly lower in fishermen than in farmers in Japan. On the contrary, SMRs for leading causes of death in England and Wales, such as ischemic heart disease and lung cancer, are significantly higher in fishermen than in farmers in England and Wales. However, the SMRs for ischemic heart disease and lung cancer are significantly higher in fishermen than in farmers in both countries.
Kōsei Shihyō, Mar. 1985, Vol.32, No.3, p.3-8. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 86-790 Barss P.G.
Penetrating wounds caused by needle-fish in Oceania
Needle-fish (also known as garfish, and living in the coastal regions of the Indo-Pacific region) can inflict serious internal injuries in people because their jaws are elongated into a long, narrow rigid beak capable of penetrating the body, and because of their tendency to leap out of the water. The danger is particularly acute for fishermen who are working at night from small canoes, and who use bright lights for fishing. Injuries from needle-fish are a relatively common occupational hazard of subsistence village life in Oceania, and a number of such injuries (one of them fatal) are described in the article. The wearing of a jacket of a strong fabric is recommended for fishermen at risk.
Medical Journal of Australia, 9/23 Dec. 1985, Vol.143, No.12/13, p.617-622. Illus. 7 ref.

CIS 86-786 Reilly M.S.J.
Mortality from occupational accidents to United Kingdom fishermen 1961-80
An analysis of the 909 recorded deaths at sea of fishermen from the United Kingdom between 1961 and 1980. Of these, 78.2% were due to vessel losses or personal accidents, 18.7% to disease and 3.1% to homicide or suicide. Overall trends when comparing the 1971-1980 period with the 1961-1970 period were a heavy increase in mortality among deep-sea fishermen (up 32%) and a slight decrease among inshore fishermen (down 4%). At an overall accidental mortality rate of 1.7 per 1000 at risk during 1971-1980, fishermen continued to have a very high risk of death due to occupational accidents (about 4 times higher than coal miners).
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Dec. 1985, Vol.42, No.12, p.806-814. Illus. 44 ref.

CIS 85-1935 Wulf H.C., Aasted A., Darre E., Niebuhr E.
Sister chromatid exchanges in fishermen exposed to leaking mustard gas shells
This letter to the editor reports on 11 cases of fishermen who were accidentally exposed to mustard gas leaking from gas shells dumped off the coast of Denmark after the Second World War. The shells, heavily corroded, are dug up by trawlers. In addition to skin and eye irritation, most cases showed significant mutagenic changes as revealed by the sister chromatid exchange test.
Lancet, 23 Mar. 1985, Vol.1, No.8430, p.690-691. 6 ref.

CIS 85-1700 Lam T.H., Yau K.P., O'Kelly F.J.
Dysbaric hazard of a new fishing method in Hong Kong: case report
Case study of a fisherman who developed type-2 decompression sickness symptoms after his makeshift diving equipment failed during a dive to the depth of 37m in search of fish. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment completely cured the condition.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 1985, Vol.42, No.3, p.209-210. Illus.


CIS 86-1398 Andro M., Dorval P., Le Bouar G., Le Pluart C., Le Roy Y., Roullot C.
Occupational accidents in ocean fishing. Part III. Analysis of the working environment in ocean fishing - (Small-scale and semi-industrial fishing)
Les accidents du travail dans la pêche maritime. Partie III. L'analyse des situations de travail dans la pêche maritime - (Pêche artisanale et pêche semi-industrielle) [in French]
Study conducted aboard 4 trawlers. Description of the vessels (3 small-scale and 1 semi-industrial). Work organisation (tasks on board) and work rhythm. Exposure to noise: sound spectra taken on different decks, analysis by octave bands, evaluation of the health hazard. Exposure to vibration: physiopathological effects, effects on equipment, evaluation of body strain due to vibration, measurements done.
Laboratoire de recherche "sécurité et conditions de travail à la pêche maritime", Institut universitaire de technologie de Lorient, 10 rue Jean Zay, 56100 Lorient, France, 1984. 88p. Illus. Bibl.

CIS 86-1397 Andro M., Dorval P., Le Bouar G., Le Pluart C.
Occupational accidents in ocean fishing. Parts I and II. Analysis of data on occupational accidents in ocean fishing in the countries of the EEC in 1981 and 1982. Clinical analysis of 3 occupational accidents in ocean fishing
Les accidents du travail dans la pêche maritime. Partie I et II. Analyse des données sur les accidents du travail à la pêche maritime dans les pays de la CEE en 1981 et 1982. Analyse clinique de 3 accidents du travail survenus à la pêche maritime [in French]
1. Data from the study. Statistics and analysis of occupational accidents in marine fishing aboard ships from Italy, France and Belgium (1981 and 1982 combined). Subdivision of accidents by time of accident, meteorological conditions, work performed at the time of the accident, immediate causes of the accident, site of injury. Study of falls overboard. Statistics of quay-side accidents for France and Belgium; subdivision by activity and site of injury. 2. Clinical fault-tree analysis of 3 accidents that occurred during manoeuvres (in industrial and semi-industrial fishing).
Laboratoire de recherche "sécurité et conditions de travail à la pêche maritime", Institut universitaire de technologie de Lorient, 10, rue Jean Zay, 56100 Lorient, France. 1984. 66p. Illus.

CIS 86-1100 Atanasov S., Marčev A.
Fishing region as a factor affecting skin diseases among sailors of the deep-sea fishing fleet
Rajonat na ribolov kato faktor, vlijaešč varhu kožnite zaboljavanija na morjacite ot okeanskija riboloven flot [in Bulgarian]
Skin morbidity was studied among 970 sailors of the Bulgarian ocean fishing fleet. The observed high morbidity can be attributed to occupational factors on board and ashore. Dermatomycoses were the predominant complaint (affecting 26.5% of the subjects), followed by dermatitis and eczemas (19.5%) and pyoderma. The highest morbidity rate (139%) occurred in the north-west Atlantic region, which was followed by the central West African Atlantic region (52.4%) and the south-east Atlantic region (38.3%).
Higiena i zdraveopazvane, 1984, Vol.27, No.2, p.122-129. Illus 10 ref.

CIS 85-2014 Chaumel J.L.
Labor developments in the fishing industry
Proceedings of an international symposium by "le Groupe d'étude des ressources maritimes" and "le Centre d'intervention et de recherche pour l'amélioration des situations de travail" and held at Rimouski, Quebec, 3-4 Nov. 1983. Aspects covered: working conditions for fishermen and processing-plant workers; impact of technological changes on productivity and employment; occupational accidents aboard trawlers and diseases; health problems in processing plants (crab fumes); conditions of work for women.
Canadian Government Publishing Centre, Supply and Services Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A OS9, Canada, 1984. 90p. Illus. Bibl. Price: Can$7.20.

CIS 85-1874 Gutiérrez García-Chico J.L
Work in the cold storage rooms of refrigerator ships
Trabajos en cámaras frigoríficas de buques congeladores [in Spanish]
Preventive methods discussed in this article: limitation of time spent in the cold storage rooms; personal protective equipment and clothing for this kind of work; safety measures to be adopted; pre-employment and periodic medical examinations of workers.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, Oct.-Dec. 1984, Vol.31, No.124, p.21-27.

CIS 85-1403 Fishermen's safety manual
Aspects covered in this manual, intended for the Canadian West Coast Fishermen: emergency signals; life saving equipment; treatment of survivors; water safety; firefighting; watchkeeping standards; navigation; safe working practices; shipboard housekeeping; equipment maintenance; emergency telephone numbers.
Joint Fishing Industry Safety and Health Committee, Room 400 - 100 West Pender Street, Vancouver, BC V6B 1R8, Canada, Apr. 1984. 136p. Illus.

CIS 85-156 Jo T.
Marine product industry and asthma - with emphasis on hoya (sea-squirt) asthma
Hoya asthma is an occupational asthma which develops among those who are engaged in the culture of oysters and pearls. They become sensitised by inhaling the body fluid of hoya which attaches itself to shellfish. The incidence among the workers is approximately 20%, and specific IgE antibody increases markedly only in sensitised patients. Highly purified hoya antigens G (molecular weight 106,000), E (23,000) and D (9,000) were isolated, and hyposensitisation therapy of the patients was attempted. The results were effective for antigen G, markedly effective for antigen E and slightly effective for D. There was a good correlation between therapeutic effects and specific IgG antibody production.
Japanese Journal of Traumatology and Occupational Medicine, Jan. 1984, Vol.32, No.1, p.27-33. Illus. 19 ref.


CIS 86-1396 Andro M., Dorval P., Le Bouar G., Le Pluart C.
Occupational accidents in ocean fishing. Part II. Analysis of the working environment in ocean fishing
Les accidents du travail dans la pêche maritime. Partie II. L'analyse des situations de travail dans la pêche maritime [in French]
Study conducted aboard 4 trawlers during 4 fishing seasons off the north coast of Scotland. Description of the ships, organisation and rhythm of work. Sound spectra taken on different decks (engine room, bridge, fish-cleaning room, cabins, etc.); exposure to noise by sailors and mechanics. Lighting of the main deck, fishing deck, bridge and gangways, ladders, fish-cleaning rooms; measurement and characteristics of effective lighting, commentary. Importance of a global approach to safety from the ship-design stage on.
Laboratoire de recherche "sécurité et conditions de travail à la pêche maritime", Institut universitaire de technologie de Lorient, 10, rue Jean Zay, 56100 Lorient, France, 1983. 55p. Illus. Bibl.

CIS 86-1395 Andro M., Dorval P., Le Bouar G., Le Pluart C.
Occupational accidents in ocean fishing. Part I. Analysis of data on occupational accidents in ocean fishing in the countries of the EEC from 1977 to 1980
Les accidents du travail dans la pêche maritime. Partie I. Analyse des données sur les accidents du travail à la pêche maritime dans les pays de la CEE de 1977 à 1980 [in French]
Description of the methods of information analysis, taking into consideration the methodological difficulties due to the large amount of information available, often in disparate formats, and due to the characteristics of ocean fishing. The study involves statistics on occupational accidents aboard ships from 5 member countries of the EEC. Breakdowns of accidents by: month of the year, hour of the day, meteorological conditions, on-board activity, site of injury. Analysis of quay-side accidents; breakdown by accident location (fore-deck, bridge, hold, etc.), activity by victim, site of injury. Conclusions: manoeuvres and falls are the major causes of accidents; the high number of accidents involving hands should be noted.
Laboratoire de recherche "sécurité et conditions de travail à la pêche maritime", Institut universitaire de technologie de Lorient, 10, rue Jean Zay, 56100 Lorient, France, 1983. 86p. Illus.

CIS 84-1136 Harnett R.M., Pruitt J.R., Sias F.R.
A review of the literature concerning resuscitation from hypothermia: Part 1 - The problem and general approaches. Part 2 - Selected rewarming protocols
In addition to recreational boaters, some 300 merchant mariners and 240 commercial fishermen lose their lives annually as a result of accidental cold immersion. Part 1 summarises the debate between advocates of aggressive rewarming and those who favour more cautious approaches. Fluid shifts, oedema and electrolyte and acid-base changes are discussed. Part 2 reviews specific rewarming procedures: peritoneal irrigation, gastrointestinal rewarming, extracorporeal blood rewarming, airway rewarming, and diathermy. The advantages, risks and contraindications of each method are examined. All researchers and clinicians agree that effects of cold exposure are such that resuscitation efforts should always be continued at least until rewarming has been accomplished. The only adequate indication of death of a patient with subnormal temperature is the inability to resuscitate him.
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, May 1983, Vol.54, No.5, p.425-434, and June 1983, No.6, p.487-495. 153 ref.


CIS 84-2032 Safety on board in the fishing industry
Segurança a bordo na faina piscatória [in Portuguese]
An introduction to safety on fishing boats, with the appropriate Portuguese laws given in the appendix.
Prevenção no trabalho, July 1982, Vol.5, No.57, p.7-11. Illus.

CIS 83-1707 Tagawa N.
Accident cases that occurred on fishing boats
Records for 28 accident cases treated between Jan. 1973 and Nov. 1981 were examined. Most accidents resulted from clothing or gloves becoming caught in rotating rollers or entangled with wires or rope on unstable decks. Injuries consisted of fractures, cuts and crushing injuries predominantly of fingers, hands,elbow joints and the arm above the elbow.
Orthopaedic and Traumatic Surgery, June 1982, Vol.25, No.6, p.867-870. Illus.

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