Fishing - 224 entries found
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Wang J., Pillay A., Kwon Y.S., Wall A.D., Loughran C.G.
An analysis of fishing vessel accidents
In this article, data on fishing vessel accidents collected from the United Kingdom Marine Accident Investigation Branch are presented and an analysis is carried out to determine the most common causes of these accidents. Data are presented by type of accident, by vessel length and by accident cause. Analysis shows that from 1994 to 1999, machinery damage contributed to over 50% of all accidents. Other incidents include foundering/flooding, grounding, collisions and contacts, fires and explosions, capsizing and heavy weather damage.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, Nov. 2005, Vol.37, No.6, p.1019-1024. Illus. 11 ref.
Hasanzadeh M.A., Aziabadi E., Alipour N.A.
Health services system for seafarers and fishermen in Iran
This article describes the Iranian maritime health services system. The national Iranian shipping line IRISL owns the largest commercial fleet in the Middle East and operates 137 ships. The national shipping companies employ collectively over 5900 seafarers. There are 11,000 fishing ships and boats and the number of Iranian fishermen is estimated at 124,000. Seafarers and fishermen are regularly medically examined and issued health certificates, according to the national regulations. The health services system is linked to the port authorities throughout the country. Observations, data and relevant statistics on the health problems of the national maritime workers are collected regularly.
International Maritime Health, 2005, Vol.56, No.1/4, p.173-184. 6 ref.
Work-site casualties and environmental risk assessment on Polish vessels in the years 1960-1999
The objective of this study was to assess environmental risk of fatal incidents on Polish vessels. Among the 25,525 seafarers employed in the Polish merchant shipping sector between 1960 and 1999, 668 seafarers died on board 405 Polish vessels. The mean fatality rate of 1.17 per 1000, was five times higher for accidents (drowning, missing, other accidents - 412 deaths) than for diseases (29 deaths). Despite the modernization of the fleet, the environmental risk factors have a strong impact on the mortality. The highest-risk groups were Baltic fishermen, seamen and deck crew under 40 years of age.
International Maritime Health, 2005, Vol.56, No.1/4, p.17-27. Illus. 23 ref.
Chaumette P., et al.
Prevention of occupational hazards in fishing
La prévention des risques professionnels à la pêche [in French]
Proceedings of a conference on the prevention of occupational hazards in fishing at sea held in Nantes, France, on 17-18 March 2005. Papers cover issues concerning the fishing industry both in France and in other countries. Topics include: general aspects of occupational safety and health of fishermen; the informal sector in developing countries; illegal fishing; piracy; legal aspects; and conditions of work. Some papers are in English or Spanish.
Observatoire des droits des marins, Maison des sciences de l'homme "Ange-Guépin", 21 boulevard Gaston Doumergue, BP 76235-44262 Nantes Cedex 2, France, 2005. 275p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 10.00.
Not drowning, waving! Safety management and occupational culture in an Australian commercial fishing port
The objective of this study was to test the utility of the ethnographic method for exploring the relationship between occupational culture, workplace social organization and safety management. The study was carried out in a small commercial lobster fishery in South Australia that appeared to have become safer in recent years. Data were collected through job observations on board fishing vessels and crew interviews. Participants had a good general understanding of workplace risks, but accepted some of these with too few defences. Wear rates of personal flotation devices were below 1%. The paper suggests that participants do not have a strong learning culture and links this to occupation-wide cultural assumptions, other external issues and safety management issues. It is concluded that assessment of the social and cultural context of safety management can offer policy makers a useful tool to guide their interventions.
Safety Science, Dec. 2005, Vol.43, No.10, p.795-814. Illus. 29 ref.
Improving occupational safety and work comfort on board fishing trawlers
Mejora de la seguridad y el confort laboral a bordo de los buques pesqueros [in Spanish]
This article describes the measures undertaken between 1998 and 2002 to improve occupational safety and work comfort on board coastal fishing trawlers of the Basque flotilla. This work was carried out by the Azti-Tecnalia foundation, in collaboration with various enterprises. Following a brief description of the characteristics of the Basque trawler flotilla and fishing methods, preventive measures are presented. They include: mechanization of fishing methods; protective clothing; and the development and validation of lifesaving equipment involving a radio receiver and transmitter.
Prevención, Oct.-Dec. 2005, No.174, p.18-36. Illus. 4 ref.
Brooks C.J., Howard K.A., Neifer S.K.
How much did cold shock and swimming failure contribute to drowning deaths in the fishing industry in British Columbia 1976-2002?
Eighty-nine inshore and offshore drowning accidents in the British Columbia fishing sector were analysed. Where possible, the 130 deaths were classified into one of the four following causes: cold shock; swimming failure due to numbness; hypothermia; post-rescue collapse. Other factors that led up to the drowning were also identified. It is concluded that the causes of drowning were: cold shock (5.4%), swimming failure (5.4%), hypothermia (5.4%), post-rescue collapse (0.8%), cardiac event (0.8%) and other causes (10%). In the remaining 72.2% of deaths, there was insufficient information to determine an underlying cause. All deaths occurred in water below 17.5°C and 95% were in water less than 15°C.
Occupational Medicine, Sep. 2005, Vol.55, No.6, p.459-462. 11 ref.
Jin D., Thunberg E.
An analysis of fishing vessel accidents in fishing areas off the northeastern United States
Fishing vessel accident probability and vessel trip probability were modelled for fishing areas off the northeastern United States for the years 1981 to 2000. Fishing vessel accident probability declined over the study period. Results indicate that accident probability is affected by weather conditions, vessel locations, time of year and vessel characteristics. The probability models were found to be important for the development and quantitative assessment of management options related to fishing vessel safety.
Safety Science, Oct. 2005, Vol.43, No.8, p.523-540. Illus. 18 ref.
Fire detection and alarm systems on fishing vessels
This note provides guidance on the selection and location of fire detectors and alarms on board fishing vessels. Types of detectors are listed and recommendations are given for different size vessels.
Fishing Vessel Safety Branch, The Maritime and Coastguard Agency, Spring Place, 105 Commercial Road, Southampton SO15 1EG, United Kingdom, Jan. 2005. 3p.
http://www.mcga.gov.uk/c4mca/mcga-mld-page.htm?textobjid=B74B278E98E49CFB [in English]
Guidelines for safe working in estuaries and tidal areas when harvesting produce such as cockles, mussels and shrimps
This guidance note describes precautions during the harvesting of shellfish in estuaries and tidal areas: risk assessment (knowledge of tide and weather conditions); weatherproof, high-visibility clothing; communications devices; planning and organization of the work; vehicle access to the work area; lifejackets and liferafts; emergency procedures.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. 3p.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/estuary.htm [in English]
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
Workers' magazine: Artisanal sea fishing. Fishing by diving.
Revista do trabalhador: Pesca artesanal maritime. Pesca por mergulho [in Portuguese]
The first of these two videotapes shows the difficulties faced by fishermen in their day-to-day work. The second examines the hazards of fishing by diving, including decompression sickness.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 05409-002, Brazil, [ca. 2004]. Two videotapes (VHS format), 15min each.
Mirón Hernández M.A.
Diseases caused by biological agents in the fishing sector
Enfermedades por agentes biológicos en el sector de la pesca [in Spanish]
Presented in the form of a table, this article summarizes the main infectious diseases that can affect fishermen, namely yellow fever, plague, tetanus, leptospirosis, skin infections, schistomiasis, amoebiasis, dermatomycosis, dermatitis and asthma. For each infectious agent, the table also mentions the mode of entry, characteristic symptoms, preventive measures and medical treatment.
Medicina Marítima, Dec. 2004, Vol.4, No.2, p.147-150. 8 ref.
Canals Pol-Lina M.L., Sala Barbany J., Sanz Gallén P., Nogué Xarau S., Perdomo Segura M.A.
Occupational risks: Marine animal injuries in coastal fishermen of a Mediterranean area of Spain
Riesgos laborales: lesiones por animales marinos en pescadores de bajura del Mediterráneo español [in Spanish]
This questionnaire survey examined the risk of injury from marine animals among coastal fishermen in Tarragona, Spain. Information on age, type of fishing, animals that caused injury, treatment and use of protective measures was collected from 111 fishermen with at least one year's experience. 58.6% of the participants reported injuries with marine animals, especially Scorpaena scorfa and porcus (66.1%) and Trachinus draco (58.5%). Most frequent treatments were local (ammonia) and only 29.2% consumed medicine from the first-aid kit. 6% reported important consequences of the injuries. Only 13.5% of the participants used protective equipment. It is concluded that preventive measures need to be implemented to reduce the risk of injury among fishermen.
Medicina Marítima, Dec. 2004, Vol.4, No.2, p.106-111. Illus. 20 ref.
The impact of fragmented schedules at sea on sleep, alertness and safety of seafarers
El impacto de las jornadas fragmentadas en la mar sobre el sueño, la capacidad de alerta y la seguridad de los marinos [in Spanish]
Most work schedules at sea rely on the watchkeeping system. This study examines the work/rest rhythm among seafarers and its effect on sleep and alertness. Two studies were conducted, one aboard a trawler and the other on an oceanographic vessel. Results indicate that sleep is fragmented into 2-3 episodes on the oceanographic vessel and 5-6 episodes on the trawler. Despite the fragmentation of the sleep, the 24h alertness rhythm was maintained, although with an impairment at night and a pronounced dip in the afternoon (coinciding with the need for a nap). The decreased alertness being linked to a much higher risk of accident, this risk factor is elevated at night. However the study shows that numerous work- and environmental-related factors play an important role in maintaining alertness level and have to be taken into account when addressing safety at sea.
Medicina Marítima, Dec. 2004, Vol.4, No.2, p.96-105. Illus. 15 ref.
Occupational mortality in British commercial fishing, 1976-95
To establish the causes and circumstances of all work-related deaths occurring among fishermen in British commercial fishing between 1976 and 1995, a retrospective study was carried out on the basis of official mortality files involving a population of 440,355 fishermen-years at risk. Of 616 deaths, 454 (74%) were due to accidents at work, and 394 (87%) of these fishermen drowned. A total of 270 accidents were caused by casualties to vessels and 184 by personal accidents. There was no significant decline in the fatal accident rate, 103.1 per 100,000 fishermen-years, between 1976 and 1995. The fatal accident rate was 52.4 times higher than for all workers in Great Britain during the same period, and this relative risk increased through the 1980s up to 76.6 during 1991-95. The foundering of trawlers in adverse weather was the most frequent cause of mortality from casualties to vessels (115 deaths), and 82 of 145 personal accidents at sea arose during operations involving trawling nets.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 2004, Vol.61, No.1, p.16-23. 37 ref.
Maritime occupational accidents and diseases: Report and statistics 2004
Accidents et maladies professionnelles du travail maritime. Rapport et statistiques 2004 [in French]
This report analyses statistics on occupational maritime accidents and diseases in France in 2004. Statistics on accidents are given by type of activity (shellfish farming, port services, merchant shipping, fishing), by the site of the accident (at sea or in port) and by the bodily location of the injury. Trends from 1997 are also analysed. Statistics on occupational diseases in the maritime sector are given by type of disease.
Direction de Affaires maritimes et des Gens de mer, Service de Santé des gens de mer, 3 place de Fontenoy, 75700 Paris 07, France, 2004. 30p. Illus.
http://www.mer.gouv.fr/enim/presentation/evenements/rencontre_europeenne_oct_2005/fichiers/stats_accidents_maladies_pro_travail_maritime_2004.pdf [in French]
Work-related homicides among seafarers and fishermen
The objective of this study was to analyse homicide cases among seafarers and fishermen during the period 1976-2002. Data ware based on official mortality files, with an aggregate population of almost two million man-years of seafarers and fishermen at risk. Of 46 work-related homicides, 44 occurred among seafarers and two among fishermen. The homicide rate in British shipping increased from 2.7 per 100,000 man-years in 1961-65 to 4.4 per 100,000 in 1971-75, but declined to zero in 1996-2002. Work related homicides were rare among British seafarers and fishermen and were largely caused by attacks from assailants onshore. The decline in the homicide rate in British shipping since the 1970s coincided with a reduction in trade with countries at high risk for homicide. Among Asian seafarers, most homicides resulted from disputes among colleagues that mainly occurred on board ships.
International Maritime Health, 2004, Vol.55, No.1/4, p.7-18. 33 ref.
Technical guide for the evaluation and prevention of hazards during work on board fishing vessels - Royal Decree 1216/1997 of 18 July [Spain]
Guía técnica para la evaluación y prevención de los riesgos en el trabajo a bordo des los buques de pesca - Real decreto 1216/1997, de 18 de julio [in Spanish]
This publication consists of a guide to the evaluation and prevention of hazards on board fishing vessels according to Royal Decree 1216/1997 on the minimum occupational safety and health requirements for work on board fishing vessels (CIS 97-1070). It comments on the responsibilities of the various categories of persons on board together with the safety and hygiene requirements. It includes check lists for ensuring that these requirements are met.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 51p. Illus. 10 ref.
http://www.mtas.es/insht/practice/g_buques.pdf [in Spanish]
García Puente N., Corbacho Gandullo M.A.
Importance of psychosocial factors and work culture in the prevention of occupational hazards among fishermen
Importancia de los factores psicosociales y de la cultura del trabajo en el ámbito de la prevención de riesgos laborales de los pescadores [in Spanish]
This analysis is based on the observation that certain work environments with high accident risks give rise to attitudes and behaviour patterns that are likely to significantly influence work practices. It attempts to clarify the extent to which these psychosocial factors are related to work culture and whether they represent an obstacle or an incentive to the implementation of rules and preventive measures that regulate living conditions, safety, hygiene and working conditions on board trawlers. A questionnaire approach for evaluating psychosocial risks among fishermen is also included.
Medicina Marítima, June 2004, Vol.4, No.1, p.52-57. 25 ref.
Occupational hazard prevention awareness spots
Spots de sensibilisation sur la prévention des risques professionnels [in French]
DVD containing video clips on various occupational safety and health topics that were shown on television in Tunisia as part of an awareness programme. Topics covered include: glass works; occupational medicine; scaffolds and railings; use of personal protective equipment and personal hygiene in pesticide spraying operations; prevention of occupational hazards on trawlers.
Ministère des affaires sociales et de la solidarité, Institut de santé et de sécurité du travail, 5 bd. M. Khaznadar, 1007 Tunis, Tunisia, [c2004]. DVD containing video clips.
Lipscomb H.J., Loomis D., McDonald M.A., Kucera K., Marshall S., Li L.
Musculoskeletal symptoms among commercial fishers in North Carolina
In this study on musculoskeletal symptoms among fishermen, 215 fishermen were followed at six-month intervals over 18 months. Exposure information was collected through field observation and in-depth interviews allowing potential ergonomic stressors to be identified and catalogued by task and stage of work. Symptoms having caused work interference in the previous 12 months were reported by 38.5% of the participants at baseline. Low back symptoms were the most common cause of work impairment (17.7%), followed equally by pain in the hands/wrists and shoulders (7%). Symptoms were more likely to be reported among individuals who did not fish full-time, possibly reflecting a healthy worker effect. A number of ergonomic stressors were identified, including the type of boat, gear, crew size and level of experience, as well as unpredictable factors such as the weather.
Applied Ergonomics, Sep. 2004, Vol.35, No.5, p.417-426. Illus. 19 ref.
Work in the fishing sector
Le travail dans le secteur de la pêche [in French]
Trabajo en el sector pesquero [in Spanish]
During the 92nd session of the International Labour Conference held in Geneva in June 2004, it was decided to include work in the fishing sector in the next ordinary session for a second discussion with a view of the adoption of a comprehensive standard (a Convention supplemented by a Recommendation). This document consists of the proposed texts prepared by the ILO submitted to governments of its Member States for possible amendments or comments.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. 34p. Price: CHF 10.00.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/ilc/ilc93/pdf/rep-v-1.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/relm/ilc/ilc93/pdf/rep-v-1.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/relm/ilc/ilc93/pdf/rep-v-1.pdf [in Spanish]
Conditions of work in the fishing sector: The constituents' views
Conditions de travail dans le secteur de la pêche: Les vues des mandants [in French]
Condiciones de trabajo en el sector pesquero: los puntos de vista de los mandantes [in Spanish]
The International Labour Office drew up a preliminary report (see CIS 03-683) intended to serve as a basis for discussion on the fishing sector by the 2004 Labour Conference. The report gives an overview of the fishing sector and analyses the relevant legislation and practice concerning labour conditions in the sector in various ILO member States. The report, together with a questionnaire, was communicated to the governments of member States of the ILO, which were invited to send their replies and comments. This report consists of a summarized compilation of the replies and comments to the aforementioned questionnaire received by the ILO from governments, employers' and workers' organizations, and contains the essential points of their observations and brief commentaries, together with proposed conclusions with a view to a convention and a recommendation.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. viii, 259p. Price: CHF 20.00.
González Rodríguez M.M., García Puente N.E.
Biological hazards in ocean fishing
Riesgos biológicos en la pesca marítima [in Spanish]
This information note describes the biological hazards to which ocean fishermen are exposed, together with the preventive measures aimed at reducing these risks. Contents: general aspects; handling of the catch; specific diseases affecting fishermen (furuncles due to salt water, pruritus or eruptions due to algae, urticaria from cod, conjunctivitis, dermatomycosis, asthma, bacterial infections, injuries from stings, contact with or bites by marine animals); preventive measures; infectious diseases; vaccination and prophylaxis.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 8p. 15 ref.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/ntp/ntp_625.htm [in Spanish]
Carro Martínez P., García Puente N.E.
Prevention of occupational hazards in small-scale coastal fishing
Prevención de riesgos laborales en la pesca de bajura: artes menores [in Spanish]
The incidence of accidents in the small-scale coastal fishing sector is relatively high due to the absence of sufficient resources for ensuring safety and to the lack of crew training. This information note describes the hazards related to this sector of activity as well as the preventive measures aimed at reducing the risks. Contents: various types of coastal fishing (using normal nets, hooks, traps and bow nets); general hazards from boats (mechanical, electrical, chemical, physical, biological, fire, hazards while on the deck); preventive measures; personal lifesaving equipment.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 6p. Illus. 9 ref.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/ntp/ntp_624.htm [in Spanish]
García Puente N.E., Carro Martínez P.
Prevention of occupational hazards in aquaculture
Prevención de riesgos laborales en acuicultura [in Spanish]
This information note lists the various hazards present in aquaculture together with the preventive measures for reducing these hazards. Contents: definitions of aquaculture in general and of its constituent sectors; specific hazards (handling of loads, falls on the level, risks due to hot working climates, to diving activities and to boats, risks to health due to poor hygiene and insalubrious workplaces, general risks) and corresponding preventive measures.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 6p. Illus. 6 ref.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/ntp/ntp_623.htm [in Spanish]
Dangerous calling - The life-and-death matter of safety at sea: A collection of articles from SAMUDRA Report
Fishing is arguably the world's most dangerous vocation, reporting the highest rate of occupational fatalities among industries, made only worse by declining fish prices, overfished waters and shortened fishing seasons. As fishermen are forced to move farther away from the shore in search of scarce resources, the dangers they face are many: bad weather, rough seas, flooding, fire, poor vessel design, mechanical problems, navigational error and missing safety equipment. For the small-scale and artisanal fishers of developing countries, these problems are compounded several times over, as shown in this series of case studies and accident descriptions in the small-scale fishing sector in India.
International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), 27 College Road, Chennai 600 006, India, 2003. vi, 37p. Illus.
http://aquacomm.fcla.edu/264/1/Dangerous_calling.pdf [in English]
Occupational medicine and occupations - the occupation of deep-sea fisherman
Arbeitsmedizinische Berufskunde - Berufe der (Hoch-)Seefischerei [in German]
In 2000, there were 105 German fishing boats in action. In 2001, some 2150 people were working on board these vessels. Their jobs ranged from the use, maintenance and repair of fishing equipment to the piloting of the vessel and fish handling. Training depends on the size of the vessel and the occupation practised on board. Occupational hazards include physical hazards (weight of the fishing gear, exposure to cold, water and noise), the risk of dangerous catches (munitions) and psychological hazards (multiplicity of tasks, pressure to secure a successful catch and irregular hours of work and rest). Occupational safety measures are given in the "fishing" section of the safety directives issued by the See-BG. Details are given of personal protective equipment (helmets, clothing for protection against the cold and water, non-slip shoes with reinforced toecaps, life jackets, protective gloves, dust-control masks for maintenance work and safety goggles for welding work).
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Umweltmedizin, 2003, No.10, p.536-538. 2 réf.
Small fishing vessel safety manual
Petits bateaux de pêche - Manuel de sécurité [in French]
Contents of this safety guide: navigating safely; vessel stability; safe working methods; equipment and installations; life saving equipment; weather information; emergency organization; distress signals.
Marine Safety Directorate, Transport Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N8, Canada, 2003. 94p. Illus.
http://www.tc.gc.ca/securitemaritime/TP/tp10038/tp10038f.pdf [in French]
http://www.tc.gc.ca/marinesafety/tp/tp10038/tp10038e.pdf [in English]
Maritime occupational accidents: Report and statistics 2003
Accidents du travail maritime. Rapport et statistiques 2003 [in French]
This report analyses statistics on occupational maritime accidents in France in 2003. Statistics are given by type of activity (shellfish farming, port services, merchant shipping, fishing) and by location of injury. Trends from 1998 are also analysed.
Direction de Affaires maritimes et des Gens de mer, Service de Santé des gens de mer, 3 place de Fontenoy, 75700 Paris 07, France, 2003. 29p. Illus.
http://www.mer.gouv.fr/actualites2/06_editions/documents/stat_atm.pdf [in French]
Norum J., Endresen E.
Injuries and diseases among commercial fishermen in the Northeast Atlantic and Barents Sea. Data from the Royal Norwegian Coast Guard
The working conditions in the Northeast Atlantic are potentially hazardous, and accidents are frequent. The objective of this study was to describe the situation as viewed by the Royal Norwegian Coast Guard (RNCG). A total of 117 consecutive reports on medical assistance at sea given by the three major RNCG vessels from October 1995 to March 2001 were analysed. Men constituted 96% of the cases treated, and 54% were Norwegians. The median age was 38 years. Seriousness was classified as low (46 cases), moderate (43 cases), serious (22 cases) and life threatening (five cases, including two deaths). Infection caused 27 visits. Fifty-five cases were due to trauma, while hand injuries constituted 19 cases. Fishermen over 40 years of age were more severely injured. In 52 cases, the RNCG personnel requested further medical advice. Sixty-one patients were hospitalized and 48 transported by helicopter.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Apr. 2003, Vol.76, No.3, p.241-245. Illus. 14 ref.
Fatalities among fishing workers: Does size matter?
Current data on occupational fatalities among Australian fishing workers are limited, although some earlier mortality data (mainly from the 1980s) do exist. In this study, data on occupational fatalities among British fishing workers were analysed and, where possible, comparisons were made against the limited Australian data and key risk factors were evaluated. While drowning remains the most important cause of death for fishing workers worldwide, this comparison indicates that as the average size of vessels in the British fleet increased, the proportion of deaths caused by drowning decreased significantly.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 2003, Vol.19, No.3, p.245-251. 22 ref.
Risk assessment for small fishing vessels
Risikovurdering af små fiskerfartøjer [in Danish]
Risikobewertung für kleine Fischereifahrzeuge [in German]
Ektímēsē tōn kindúnōn gia ta mikrá alieutiká skáfē [in Greek]
Evaluación de riesgos para pequeñas embarcaciones de pesca [in Spanish]
Väikeste kalalaevade riskianalüüs [in Estonian]
Riskbedömning av små fiskebåtar [in Swedish]
Evaluation des risques pour les petits bateaux de pêche [in French]
Valutazione dei rischi per le piccole imbarcazioni da pesca/ [in Italian]
Risicoanalyse voor kleine vissersvaartuigen [in Dutch]
Avaliação de riscos para pequenos navios de pesca [in Portuguese]
Posudzovanie rizika malých rybárskych lodí [in Slovak]
Riskiarvio pieniä kalastusaluksia varten [in Finnish]
Fishing is among the most dangerous occupations. Risks of accidents are 2.4 times higher than the all-sector European Union average. Strenuous working conditions coupled with long and irregular work schedules increase the scope, the likelihood and the severity of occupational accidents and diseases. By means of a hazard evaluation and preventive measures, the objective of this fact sheet is to help persons responsible for occupational safety and health achieve a reduction in the hazards faced by workers in this dangerous sector of activity. Contents: legislation; hazard evaluation; information, education and training; causes of accidents on small fishing boats; health hazards on small fishing boats; hazard evaluation check list; presentation of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work website devoted to good practices in the fisheries sector.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2003. 4p. Illus. 5 ref.
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/38/en/FACTS-38_EN.pdf [in English]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/38/fr/FACTS-38_FR.pdf [in French]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/38/da/FACTS-38_DA.PDF [in Danish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/38/de/FACTS-38_DE.PDF [in German]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/38/et/facts38_et.pdf [in Estonian]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/38/el/FACTS-38_EL.pdf [in Greek]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/38/it/FACTS-38_IT.PDF [in Italian]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/38/nl/FACTS-38_NL.PDF [in Dutch]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/38/pt/FACTS-38_PT.PDF [in Portuguese]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/38/sk/Fact38_SK.pdf [in Slovak]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/38/fi/FACTS-38_FI.PDF [in Finnish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/38/sv/FACTS-38_SV.PDF [in Swedish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/38/es/FACTS-38_ES.PDF [in Spanish]
Jensen O.C., Stage S., Noer P., Kaerlev L.
Classification of working processes to facilitate occupational hazard coding on industrial trawlers
The objective of this study was to describe the risks involved in commercial fishing. A specific injury coding based on the working process was developed. Observation on six different types of vessels was conducted and allowed a description and a classification of the principal working processes. The classification was subsequently used to code the injuries reported to the Danish Maritime Authority over a five-year period. Setting out and hauling in the gear and nets were the processes with the most injuries and accounted for 58.9% of all injuries. A relatively large number of injuries occurred when embarking and disembarking. Specific risks were identified in a number of working processes.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 2003, Vol.44, No.4, p.424-430. Illus. 23 ref.
Safety and health in the fishing industry
This article discusses safety and health problems facing fishermen. Topics addressed include occupational accidents and diseases and their costs, national and international preventive interventions and ILO actions. For major fishing countries, tables provide statistics of occupational fatalities and injuries for the year 1997, lives lost by type of vessel casualty in 1995-1997 and lives lost due to accidents on board in 1995-1997.
International Maritime Health, 2003, Vol.54, No.1/4, p.151-163. 11 ref.
Current ILO activities relating to health in the fishing industry
Actividades actuales de la OIT en temas de salud en la industria pesquera [in Spanish]
The ILO has embarked on the revision of its seven existing standards for the fishing sector, including its Convention on the medical examination of fishermen (CIS 81-1422). The new standard may include revised provisions on medical examination of fishermen and new provisions on occupational safety and health in this sector. The ILO, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO) are revising a joint Code, originally prepared in 1975, on safety and health practice on fishing vessels. It is intended that the revised version of the Code will give greater attention to health issues.
Medicina Marítima, June 2003, Vol.3, No.1, p.114-119.
Herrador Aguirre J., García Casas J.B., Fernández López J.A., Hernández-Mejía R., Cueto Espinar A., Canals Pol-Lina M.L.
Evolution of the quality of life (QL) of a group of seamen on board ships
Evolución de la calidad de vida (CVRS) de un grupo de marineros embarcados [in Spanish]
The objective of this study was to analyse how the duration of on-board periods affect the quality of life of seafarers in the merchant navy and among tuna fishermen in the Indian Ocean. 56 seafarers participated in the study and were evaluated three times within a six-month period using the "PECVEC" (profile of the quality of life of chronic patients) questionnaire. The comparison of the average results of the three evaluations showed significant differences and a deterioration of the quality of life when the subjects were on board on permanent basis. A longer period on board was associated with a more pronounced worsening of the quality of life.
Medicina Marítima, June 2003, Vol.3, No.1, p.17-28. Illus. 37 ref.
International Maritime Health Association
7th international symposium on maritime health
7º Simposio internacional sobre la salud en el sector marítimo [in Spanish]
This CD-ROM of the 7th international symposium on maritime health held in Tarragona, Spain, 22 to 26 April 2003, contains all the documentation handed before and during the symposium (programme, list of participants, papers presented in PDF format, pictures, etc.). Main topics covered: maritime medicine history; emergency medicine on board; standards in seafarers' fitness examinations; infectious diseases; cruise medicine; divers fitness examinations; occupational accidents and diseases; occupational health in the fishing sector; vaccination and travel medicine for seafarers.
CIS, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. CD-ROM.
Perucha Ortega M., Ledesma de Miguel J.
Evaluation of work postures as risk factors of physical workload in trawling
Evaluación de las posturas de trabajo como riesgo de carga física en el sector marítimo-pesquero [in Spanish]
In Spain, 20 to 30% of the permanent invalidities among seafarers are due to musculoskeletal diseases. The objective of this study was to examine strenuous postures adopted during fishing that could present a health hazard to the workers. The different postures of the captain and the crew during seine fishing and squid fishing were analysed using two different methods of physical workload evaluation, RULA (Rapid Upper Limb Assessment) and REBA (Rapid Entire Body Assessment). The findings show that many postures could be easily corrected by using better-adapted tools or auxiliaries, modifying the trawl or training the fishermen to carry out their tasks in a different way. In certain cases, however, posture improvements would require changes in workplace design.
Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.28, p.11-15. Illus. 6 ref.
Capilla Márquez E.
Criteria for the modernization and the replacement of the Spanish fishing fleet
Criterios para la modernización y renovación de la flota pesquera española [in Spanish]
Council Regulation (EC) No. 2369/2002 of 20 December 2002 regarding the conservation and sustainable development of fisheries resources in the context of the common fisheries policy is applicable to trawlers from 1st January 2003. This regulation represents an obstacle to the renewal of the Spanish fishing fleet. This article comments the main provisions of Royal Decree 2287/1998 and the new EC regulation with respect to the conditions imposed on the modernization and renewal of vessels and analyses the consequences of the latter on the Spanish fishing fleet, in particular its progressive ageing which represents a risk to crew safety.
Prevención, Apr.-June 2003, No.164, p.16-26. Illus. 4 ref.
Conditions of work in the fishing sector - A comprehensive standard (a Convention supplemented by a Recommendation) on work in the fishing sector - Report V (1)
Conditions de travail dans le secteur de la pêche - Normes d'ensemble (une convention complétée par une recommandation) sur le travail dans le secteur de la pêche - Rapport V (1) [in French]
Condiciones de trabajo en el sector pesquero - Una norma general (un convenio complementado con una recomendación) sobre el trabajo en el sector pesquero - Informe V (1) [in Spanish]
This report examines existing legislation and practice concerning labour conditions in the fishing sector in ILO member States. It was prepared following the decision to place on the agenda of the 92nd (June 2004) session of the International Labour Conference an item concerning a comprehensive standard (a Convention supplemented by a Recommendation) on work in the fishing sector. The report is divided into eight chapters: general overview of the world's fishing sector, with an emphasis on issues particularly relevant to labour conditions; reasons for consideration of a new, comprehensive standard for the fishing sector; laws and regulations related to what might be considered prerequisites for working in the fishing sector; laws and regulations concerning employment on board fishing vessels; occupational safety and health; social security, ship owners' liability for sick and injured fishermen and retraining of fishermen for other work; administration, enforcement, coordination between relevant agencies and consultations with social partners; summary based on the information provided in the report, relevant to the preparation of a comprehensive new fishing standard. A questionnaire is enclosed as well as ILO recommendations and conventions concerning the fishing sector.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. 190p. Illus. Price: CHF 20.00.
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/relm/ilc/ilc92/pdf/rep-v-1.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/ilc/ilc92/pdf/rep-v-1.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/relm/ilc/ilc92/pdf/rep-v-1.pdf [in French]
Law of the sea yearbook
Annuaire de droit maritime et océanique [in French]
Collection of articles on legal aspects of sea transport and fishing. Topics addressed include a historical review of the law of the sea, legislation in France, and Algeria, ILO conventions on the duration of work at sea, conditions of work, and compensation awarded in France to seafarers suffering from asbestos-related diseases.
Université de Nantes, Centre de droit maritime et océanique, B.P. 81307, 44313 Nantes cédex 03, France, 2002. 331p. Bibl.ref.
Working and protective gear for fishermen
This guidance note provides general advice on the supply and use of working gear and personal protective equipment on board fishing vessels. It describes how to assess the need for protective gear, types of protective gear and factors to be considered in the supply, use and maintenance of working and protective gear. The provisions of relevant regulations are outlined.
Fishing Vessel Safety Branch, The Maritime and Coastguard Agency, Spring Place, 105 Commercial Road, Southampton SO15 1EG, United Kingdom, June 2002. 5p.
http://www.mcga.gov.uk/c4mca/mcga-mld-Page.htm?textobjid=2AEDD2478CD0B7A0 [in English]
Matheson C., Lawrie T., Ritchie L., Morrison S., Murphy E., Bond C.
The health of the offshore fishing population in Scotland
La salud en la flota pesquera escocesa [in Spanish]
The objective of this study was to quantify the incidence of health problems on fishing vessels and to examine the use of medicines from the ship's medicine chest, the consumption of narcotics and alcohol and fatigue. A questionnaire was addressed to 2011 Scottish fishermen. The response rate was 57.2%. 21.9% of the respondents had faced a medical urgency that had required them to be evacuated to land. Fatigue, the lack of physical exercise and financial anxiety were the three factors considered by the fishermen as being the most likely to affect their health. 38.4% of these fishermen were smokers. More than 80% reported not drinking while on board and 20% reported having consumed an illegal drug at some point in time. Consumption of medicines from the ship's medicine chest was low, but close to half of the fishermen reported having their own supply of medicines. 20% consumed prescribed medicines regularly. Most of the emergencies were the result of accidents (81.1%). The parts of the body most often injured were the hands, fingers and wrists (34.5%), followed by the head, face and throat (16.5%). The most frequent injuries were lacerations (28.1%) and soft tissue injuries (23.8%).
Medicina Marítima, Dec. 2002, Vol.2, No.5, p.349-361. Illus. 4 ref.
Lincoln J.M., Hudson D.S., Conway G.A., Pescatore R.
Proceedings of the International Fishing Industry Safety and Health Conference
Few activities are as dangerous as commercial fishing. Fishermen work in harsh weather, often at great distances from emergency or rescue services. Studies have shown that fishermen who wear personal flotation devices are more likely to survive vessel sinking or capsizing. Vessels that maintain emergency equipment such as life rafts, electronic beacons and immersion suits in good order help ensure the survival of their crew. These proceedings of a conference on safety and health in commercial fishing held on 23-25 October 2000 in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA contain safety and health recommendations for commercial fishermen from safety experts of several countries, grouped under the following headings: worldwide problems and challenges in the industry; innovative approaches to investigating and preventing fishing vessel casualties; risk perception among fishermen; successful intervention programmes, hazard analysis and injury surveillance; safety training for fishermen.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Oct. 2002. xx, 465p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2003-102/2003102pd.html [in English]
Beaudet N., Brodkin C.A., Stover B., Daroowalla F., Flack J., Doherty D.
Crab allergen exposures aboard five crab-processing vessels
A cross-sectional survey of five crab-processing vessels was conducted in order to evaluate crab allergen concentrations and respiratory symptom prevalence among workers. Crab allergen concentrations were quantified during specific work activities with 25 personal air samples collected on PTFE filters and analysed by a competitive IgE immunoassay technique. Questionnaires were used to assess respiratory symptoms suggestive of bronchitis or asthma in 82 workers. Aerosolized crab allergen concentrations ranged from 79ng/m3 to 21,093ng/m3. A significant percentage of workers reported respiratory symptoms during the crab-processing season: cough (28%), phlegm (11%), and wheeze and other asthma-like symptoms (4%). Despite variations in crab allergen levels, respiratory symptom prevalence was similar across all job categories.
AIHA Journal, Sep.-Oct. 2002, Vol.63, No.5, p.605-609. 11 ref.
Hazardous occupations in Great Britain
The causes of all deaths in the British merchant marine (507) and trawler fishing (454) industries during the period 1976-1995 were compared with those for all other occupations (except civil aviation) (9543). Fishermen were 52.4 times more likely to have a fatal accident at work than British workers in general; for seafarers the factor was 26.2. Although a downward trend has been identified in these occupations, they remain much more hazardous than the average, and a reduction in unsafe working practices at sea is strongly recommended.
Lancet, 17 Aug. 2002, Vol.360, No.9332, p.543-544. Illus. 5 ref.
Capilla Márquez E.
Procedure for evaluating occupational hazards in the fishing fleet
Protocolo de evaluación de riesgos laborales en la flota pesquera [in Spanish]
Fishing is considered a hazardous sector where both the frequency of accidents and their severity are high. Aimed at inspectors of fishing vessels, this article proposes an approach for the evaluation of occupational safety and health on board fishing vessels based on a comprehensive questionnaire as well as an evaluation form tailored to each job.
Prevención, July-Sep. 2002, No.161, p.24-44. Illus. 31 ref.
Guidelines on occupational safety and health in fishing and aquaculture operation
Detailed safety guide to safety and health in fishing and aquaculture work.
Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Ministry of Human Resources, Aras 2, 3 dan 4, Blok D3, Parcel D, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62502 Putrajaya, Malaysia, 2001. 67p.
http://dosh.mohr.gov.my/koperat/G-PANDUAN%20PDF/GUIDE-Fishing%205-03%20(I).pdf [in English]
Petursdottir G., Hannibalsson O., Turner J.M.M.
Safety at sea as an integral part of fisheries management
This report provides a global review of the status of fishermen's safety and assesses the opportunities, constraints and priorities for action. It is argued that safety at sea should be integrated into the general management of fisheries in each country. Contents: dimensions of the problem (fatalities in fisheries, inadequate documentation of injuries, inherent dangers); international conventions and guidelines on safety at sea; safety training; fisheries management and safety; safety at sea in developing countries; role of the FAO.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 0100 Roma, Italy, 2001. Illus. Bibl.ref.
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/007/x9656f/x9656f00.pdf [in French]
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/004/x9656s/x9656s00.pdf [in Spanish]
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/003/x9656e/x9656e00.pdf [in English]
Vinogradov A., Jennings N.S., Påsche A., Risikko T., Mäkinen T., Hassi J., Abraham P.P., Yakovlev S.Y.
Construction, mining and fishery
Collection of articles on construction, mining, fishing in the Nordic countries and Russia. Topics covered: ILO perspective on standards in mining safety and health; occupational health in the fish processing industry; assessment and management of cold risks in the construction industry; international comparison of occupational injuries among commercial fishermen in selected Northern countries and regions; occupational safety and industrial safety.
Barents - Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 2001, Vol.4, No.1, p.3-39 (whole issue). Illus. 65 ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/FE7C4518-A55C-4B5B-85CC-DA908DE69FAA/0/barents01_1.pdf [in English]
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