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Agriculture - 1,538 entries found

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CIS 98-959 Launey A., Abadia G.
Topical zoonoses - XXIVth national symposium of agricultural medicine
Les zoonoses d'actualité - XXIVe Symposium national de médecine agricole en France [in French]
Topics: agriculture; bacterial diseases; conference; contagion; diagnosis; epidemiological aspects; France; infectious diseases; virus diseases; zoonoses.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 1997, No.72, p.371-378.

CIS 98-984 Nevala-Puranen N., Sörensen L.
Physical strain and work ergonomics in farmers with disabilities
Topics: agriculture; assessment of physical capacity; case study; design of equipment; ergometric tests; ergonomics; Finland; handicapped workers; measurement of physical workload; work capacity.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 1997, Vol.3, No.1-2, p.77-88. 36 ref.

CIS 98-748 Paulsen E., Andersen K.E., Skoven I.G.
Concomitant sensitization to Lannate® and Gerbera
Topics: methomyl; Denmark; dermatitis; eczema; flower and perfume-plant growing; pesticides; plants; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, Sep. 1997, Vol.37, No.3, p.128-129. 4 ref.

CIS 98-753 Bruynzeel D.P.
Bulb dermatitis: Dermatological problems in the flower bulb industries
Topics: dermatitis; eczema; flower and perfume-plant growing; flowers; irritants; Netherlands; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; tulips.
Contact Dermatitis, Aug. 1997, Vol.37, No.2, p.70-77. Illus. 60 ref.

CIS 98-752 Cole D.C., Carpio F., Math J.J.M., Léon N.
Dermatitis in Ecuadorian farm workers
Topics: agriculture; allergy tests; conjunctivitis; crop farming; cross-sectional study; dermatitis; Ecuador; eczema; fungicides; irritants; pesticides; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, July 1997, Vol.37, No.1, p.1-8. 24 ref.

CIS 98-384 Resolution 19/97 of 1997 establishing the duty to provide protective equipment for tractor drivers, tractor mechanics and frost protection workers in the provinces of Rio Negro and Neuquén [Argentina]
Resolución 19/97: establécese como obligatorio la provisión de un equipo de trabajo para conductor tractorista, mecánico tractorista y que efectúe tareas de lucha contra las heladas, para las Provincias de Río Negro y Neuquén [Argentina] [in Spanish]
Topics: agriculture; Argentina; drivers; law; overalls; personal protective equipment; safety shoes; supply of personal protective equipment; tractors.
Boletín Oficial de la República Argentina, 15 Jan. 1998, No.28.815, p.8.

CIS 98-382 Regulation No.617 of 1997 concerning safety and health in agriculture [Argentina]
Reglamento nº617 de 1997 de Higiene y Seguridad para la Actividad Agraria [Argentina] [in Spanish]
This regulation was established in accordance with the Hazards at Work Act No.24-557 (CIS 97-1412). Topics: agricultural equipment; agriculture; Argentina; electrical safety; fire prevention; law; logging; machinery guarding regulations; manual handling; occupational medicine; safety and health committees; safety and health training; tractors; zoonoses.
Photocopy, 1997, 20p. Only in CIS.

CIS 98-983 Nevala-Puranen N., Sörensen L.
Physical strain and work ergonomics in farmers with disabilities
Topics: agriculture; case study; ergonomics; Finland; handicapped workers; physical workload.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 1997, Vol.3, No.1-2, p.77-88. Illus. 36 ref.

CIS 98-169 Walters D.
Health and Safety Executive
The role of regional health and safety representatives in agriculture: An evaluation of a trade union initiative on roving safety representatives in agriculture
Topics: agriculture; legislation; occupational accidents; plant safety and health organization; report; role of workers organizations; small enterprises; United Kingdom; workers participation.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. v, 105p. 53 ref. Price: GBP 32.50.

CIS 98-302
Health and Safety Executive
Use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) fitted with spray equipment
Data sheet on use of agricultural all-terrain vehicles fitted with spray equipment (United Kingdom), 1997. Topics: agricultural equipment; agriculture; crop protection; data sheet; pesticides; safe working methods; safety by design; tractors; trailers; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, June 1997. 2p. Illus.

CIS 98-180
Health and Safety Commission, Agriculture Industry Advisory Committee
Health and safety policies and risk assessment in agriculture
Leaflet on health and safety policies and risk assessment in agriculture (United Kingdom), 1997. Topics: agriculture; hazard evaluation; plant safety and health organization; role of management; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, July 1997. 9p. 1 ref.

CIS 98-150 Conroy C., Sciortino S.
Describing patterns of occupational agricultural deaths: The effects of case definition
Topics: agriculture; analysis of accident causes; exposure; fatalities; occupational accidents; statistical evaluation; time of accident.
Journal of Safety Research, Winter 1997, Vol.28, No.4, p.273-281. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 98-149 Sebille S.M., Donham K.J., Roberts D.
Brief communication: A pilot case-control study of injuries in farm children - Focus on supervision issues
Topics: agriculture; causes of accidents; children; injuries; Iowa; questionnaire survey; responsibilities; time of accident; USA.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.343-359. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 98-148 Osorio A.M.
Child labor issues in the international setting
Brief review of the international child labour situation in agriculture. Topics: agriculture; child labour; conditions of work; developing countries; international agreements.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.327-334. 10 ref.

CIS 98-286 Suutarinen J.
Non-fatal tractor accidents and their prevention
Topics: agricultural equipment; agriculture; Finland; occupational accidents; risk factors; safe working methods; tractors.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.313-324. Illus. 31 ref.

CIS 98-147 Reiling J.
Agricultural injuries in Norway
Topics: age-linked differences; agricultural operations; agriculture; causes of accidents; injuries; Norway; occupational accidents; questionnaire survey; statistical aspects.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.285-294. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 98-146 Husting E.L., Geiser C.R., Summerill K.F., Cervantes Y., Moltrum R., Ruiz C., Osorio A.M.
Occupational agricultural injury surveillance in California: Preliminary results from the Nurses Using Rural Sentinel Events (NURSE) project
Topics: agriculture; California; causes of accidents; computerized data bases; injuries; location of injury; occupational accidents; survey; USA.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.269-283. 4 ref.

CIS 98-145 Richardson S., May-Lambert S.
Agricultural injuries and illnesses in Texas: Using Bureau of Labor statistics programmes for surveillance
Topics: agriculture; causes of accidents; fatalities; injuries; occupational accidents; occupational diseases; statistics; survey; Texas; USA.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.257-267. 6 ref.

CIS 98-143 Ford C.L., Walson F.O., Owens J.P.
Safety practices among limited resource farmers in North Carolina
Topics: agriculture; North Carolina; safety and health training; safety programmes; survey; USA.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.217-221. 5 ref.

CIS 98-339 Scarth R.D., Zwerling C., Lewis M.Q., Burmeister L.F.
Depression and risk factors among Iowa farmers
Topics: agriculture; depressive neurosis; Iowa; mental disorders; risk factors; survey; USA.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.207-216. 20 ref.

CIS 98-142 Reis T.J., Elkind P.D.
Influences on farm safety practice in Eastern Washington
Influences of social factors and personal attitudes on farm safety practice in Eastern Washington, USA. Topics: agriculture; human behaviour; mental stress; safety consciousness; survey; USA.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.193-205. 16 ref.

CIS 98-338 Thu K., Lasley P., Whitten P., Lewis M., Donham K.J., Zwerling C., Scarth R.
Stress as a risk factor for agricultural injuries: Comparative data from the Iowa Farm Family Health and Hazard Survey (1994) and the Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll (1989)
Topics: agriculture; injuries; Iowa; mental stress; stress factors; survey; USA.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.181-191. 18 ref.

CIS 97-2012 Safety of grain silos
Sécurité des silos [in French]
This issue contains several articles relating to the explosion of a grain silo in Blaye, France, in August 1977, causing 11 fatalities. Contents: editorial comment; interview with the chief of the regional fire-fighting unit; statements by the general manager of the grain company; analysis of possible causes; fire and explosion risks in the storage of agricultural products; preventive measures.
Préventique-Sécurité, Sep.-Oct. 1997, No.35, p.6-28. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1999 Ohayo-Mitoko G.J.A.
Occupational pesticide exposure among Kenyan agricultural workers: An epidemiological and public health perspective
This thesis provides an overview of pesticide use and management in Kenya and presents the results of a series of studies concerning: acetylcholinesterase inhibition among pesticide-exposed workers; identification of the determinants of pesticide exposure; self-reported symptoms; patterns of pesticide handling and practices of agricultural workers; and knowledge and activities of health-care workers in the diagnosis and management of pesticide poisoning. Recommendations for health promotion interventions are put forward. Summaries in Dutch and Swahili.
Agricultural University, Wageningen, Netherlands, 1997. xi, 254p. Illus. 203 ref.

CIS 97-1881 Kokkarinen J.I., Tukiainen H.O., Terho E.O.
Asthma in patients with farmer's lung during a five-year follow-up
An assessment of the incidence of asthma in 1,031 Finnish patients who had occupational farmer's lung diagnosed from 1983 to 1988. Seventy-four (7%) cases of asthma were found up to the end of the 5 years following the year of the diagnosis for farmer's lung. Prevalence of asthma was 1% in the year preceding the diagnosis.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 1997, Vol.23, No.2, p.149-151. Illus. 12 ref.

CIS 97-1695
Health and Safety Executive
Training and standards of competence for people working with chainsaws
Contents of this guidance note: legal requirements for the use of chainsaws at work (health and safety training, assessment of risks for young workers); hazards associated with chainsaws (contact with the moving chain, being struck by timber, noise and vibration); training and qualification requirements for particular tasks; selection of chainsaw operators; selection of trainers and supervision of trainees. (Replaces CIS 91-1011).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Rev.ed., July 1997. 5p. 7 ref. Price: GBP 5.50.

CIS 97-1533 Myers J.R.
Injuries among farm workers in the United States 1993
This report presents statistical data from the 1993 national Traumatic Injury Surveillance of Farmers project. Data include injury estimates by type of farm, status of worker, gender, age group, race and source of injury at the national and regional level, along with injury estimates for each State. An estimated total of 201,081 lost-time work injuries occurred (incidence rate 6.5 injuries/100 full-time workers). The highest injury rates were associated with specialty livestock operations, beef, hog or sheep operations, miscellaneous farming operations, and nursery operations. The leading causes of injuries were livestock, machinery and hand tools.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Apr. 1997. vii, 359p.

CIS 97-1547 Agriculture, horticulture and forestry
These three chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine health and safety issues in agriculture, forestry and horticulture: occupational accidents and diseases in agriculture; psychosocial factors; mechanization in forestry; chain-saw operations; logging; field maintenance of machinery; the working environment in horticulture.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.2, p.713-765. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1546
Health and Safety Executive, Field Operations Directorate
Fatal injuries in farming, forestry and horticulture 1996-1997
This report presents an analysis of fatal injuries in agriculture, forestry and associated industries in the United Kingdom for the year 1996-1997, along with an analysis of trends in reportable fatal and non-fatal injuries from 1986 to 1996.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, July 1997. 51p.

CIS 97-1618 Gomes J., et al.
Erythrocyte cholinesterase activity levels in desert farm workers
Erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity was measured to determine the degree of toxicity due to exposure to organophosphate and carbamate pesticides in 532 migrant farm workers in the United Arab Emirates. AChE levels and haemoglobin adjusted erythrocyte cholinesterase (HAChE) levels were significantly lower in farm workers than in controls; lowest levels were found in those most frequently involved in applying pesticides. Regional differences in the types and amounts of pesticides used were also reflected in differences in AChE and HAChE levels. Results highlight the need for training of these farm workers and use of protective equipment.
Occupational Medicine, Feb. 1997, Vol.47, No.2, p.90-94. 29 ref.

CIS 97-1529 Illing H.P.A.
Is working in greenhouses healthy? Evidence concerning the toxic risks that might affect greenhouse workers
A review of various sources of information concerning working conditions in greenhouses is presented, with particular reference to the United Kingdom. General health statistics indicate that the most likely health effects of working in greenhouses are immunologic reactions leading to asthma, allergic alveolitis and dermatitis, and irritancy. Epidemiologic studies of greenhouse workers have found evidence of respiratory diseases, carcinogenicity, mutagenicity and reproductive effects. Potential sources of ill-health include plant material, plant diseases and pests, plant protection products and plant extracts. Statistics indicate that the incidence of ill-health among greenhouse workers in the United Kingdom is relatively low.
Occupational Medicine, July 1997, Vol.47, No.5, p.281-293. Illus. 70 ref.

CIS 97-1145
Health and Safety Executive
COSHH in agriculture
This leaflet briefly describes the application of the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1994 (COSHH) (CIS 95-19) in agriculture. Guidance is given on the identification of hazardous substances, assessing the risks, deciding on action, and implementing the assessment. Specific agricultural hazards are identified.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. 16p. Illus. 13 ref.

CIS 97-1014 Meyers J.M., Miles J.A., Faucett J., Janowitz I., Tejeda D.G., Kabashima J.N.
Ergonomics in agriculture: Workplace priority setting in the nursery industry
A workplace screening project was designed to identify ergonomic risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders in the nursery industry. The project was part of a three year study supported by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to develop engineering interventions for musculoskeletal disorders in California nurseries. The project involved interviews with nursery managers and supervisors, identification of ergonomic risk factors by the use of a worksite screening checklist, and scrutiny of workers' injury and illness records. Results provided evidence of risk factors and musculoskeletal disorders similar to those reported in other industries, and highlighted priority job tasks for intervention.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1997, Vol.58, No.2, p.121-126. Illus. 7 ref.


CIS 01-1092 Fyfe A.
Bitter harvest - Child labour in agriculture
Most working children in the world are to be found in agriculture rather than in industry. Recent ILO surveys suggest that there are at least 120 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 who are at work full-time, and possibly 250 million if one includes those for whom work is a secondary activity. Of these, 61% are in Asia, 32% in Africa and 7% in Latin America. In some developing countries, nearly a third of the agricultural workforce is made up of children. Risks to children include exposure to agrochemicals, mechanical hazards and exposure to extreme weather conditions. The booklet contains references to several relevant international conventions and resolutions for combating child labour in agriculture.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, [1996]. 24p. Illus.

CIS 00-1346 Mastrangelo G., Marzia V., Marcer G.
Reduced lung cancer mortality in dairy farmers: Is endotoxin exposure the key factor?
2,283 male farmers who worked either in cattle raising or in crop/orchard cultivation were selected. There were 422 cohort deaths from 1970 to 1992. Using the regional population as a reference, the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was calculated. Cancer mortality was significantly reduced among the 1,561 dairy farmers; there was a significant decrease in lung cancer, whereas a significant increase from brain tumours was found. Neither overall cancer mortality nor the lung cancer SMR deviated significantly from unity for the 722 crop/orchard farmers. Among dairy farmers, moreover, lung cancer SMRs showed a significant downward trend. This decrease cannot be attributed to the healthy worker effect, a confounding bias or an artifact. Dairy farmers are known to be exposed to higher airborne endotoxin concentrations; reasonably, this cumulative exposure increases further with years of work and area of farm. Endotoxins may have protected the dairy farmers against lung cancer through the tumour necrosis factor produced by alveolar macrophages.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 1996, Vol.30, No.5, p.601-609. 35 ref.

CIS 99-1805
Health and Safety Executive
The good health pack - An essential guide to occupational health in agriculture, horticulture and forestry
Topics: agriculture; back disorders; chemical safety; crop protection; dermatitis; economic aspects; forestry; hand-arm vibration; hazard evaluation; health engineering; health hazards; hearing loss; horticulture; infection control; infectious diseases; legislation; manual handling; medical supervision; mental health; mental stress; noise control; noise level; pesticides; plant health organization; respiratory diseases; risk factors; sensitization; skin cancer; skin diseases; training manuals; training material; United Kingdom; upper extremity disorders; whole-body vibration; zoonoses.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk Co10 6FS, United-Kingdom, 1996. 106p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 49.95.

CIS 99-1542 Aguilar Morales I.
Working and health conditions of banana plantation workers of the canton of Pococí, Limón
Condiciones laborales y de salud del trabajador bananero, Cantón de Pococí, Limón [in Spanish]
Topics: agriculture; conditions of work; Costa Rica; developing countries; economic aspects; malaria; occupational accidents; occupational health survey; occupational hygiene; pesticide poisoning; plantations; social aspects; statistical aspects.
Ministerio de Salud, Departamento de registro y control de sustancias tóxicas y medicina del trabajo, San José, Costa Rica, 1996. 88p. Illus. 28 ref.

CIS 99-1541 Furcal Berigüete P.
Evaluation of the production process in nurseries growing ornamental plants for export in San José de la Montaña, Heredia, and in two nurseries in Cartago
Diagnóstico del proceso productivo de los viveros de ornamentales de exportación de San José de la Montaña, Heredia y de dos viveros de Cartago [in Spanish]
Topics: conditions of work; Costa Rica; developing countries; flower and perfume-plant growing; industrial crop farming; medical supervision; occupational health survey; occupational hygiene; pesticides; sewage; waste disposal.
Ministerio de Salud, Departamento de registro y control de sustancias tóxicas y medicina del trabajo, San José, Costa Rica, Dec. 1996. 55p. 15 ref.

CIS 99-1066 Order of 1 July 1996 concerning agricultural workers' accommodation [France]
Arrêté du 1er juil. 1996 relatif à l'hébergement des travailleurs agricoles [France] [in French]
This Order was made in application of Decree No.95-978 of 24 Aug. 1995 (CIS 99-1063). Topics: accommodation; agriculture; France; housekeeping; law; sanitary facilities; welfare facilities.
Dictionnaire Permanent Sécurité et Conditions de Travail, Agriculture, Feuillets 49, 25 Mar. 1997, p.344C-344D.

CIS 99-1065 Orders of 14 March 1996 concerning the declaration of conformity, conformity marking and technical documentation of fence electrifiers and the tests to which they are subject [France]
Arrêtés du 14 mars 1996 relatifs à la déclaration de conformité, au marquage de conformité, à la documentation technique des électrificateurs de clôture, aux examens et essais auxquels ils sont soumis [France] [in French]
Orders made in application of Decree No.96-216 of 14 March 1996 (CIS 99-1064). Topics: agriculture; approval; compliance tests; electric fences; France; law; marking; testing.
Dictionnaire Permanent Sécurité et Conditions de Travail, Agriculture, Feuillets 49, 25 mars 1997, p.344C.

CIS 99-1064 Decree No.96-216 of 14 March 1996 concerning the technical rules and certification procedure applicable to fence electrifiers [France]
Décret n°96-216 du 14 mars 1996 relatif aux règles techniques et à la procédure de certification applicables aux électrificateurs de clôture [France] [in French]
Decree followed by orders of 14 March 1996 (see CIS 99-1065). Topics: agriculture; approval; electric fences; France; law; supply of information.
Dictionnaire Permanent Sécurité et Conditions de Travail, Agriculture, Feuillets 49, 25 Mar. 1997, p.344A-344C.

CIS 98-1621 Annual report 1996
Jahresbericht 1996 [in German]
Topics: agriculture; Austria; causes of accidents; compilation of statistics; occupational accidents; occupational diseases; report of activities; statistics.
Sozialversicherungsanstalt der Bauern, Ghegastrasse 1, Postfach 313, 1031 Wien, Austria, 1996. approx. 300p. Illus.

CIS 98-1252 Mamansari D.U., Salokhe V.M.
Static strength and physical work capacity of agricultural labourers in the central plain of Thailand
Topics: agriculture; anthropometry; assessment of physical capacity; grip strength; muscular strength; oxygen intake; pulse rate; sex-linked differences; static muscle strength; Thailand; work capacity.
Applied Ergonomics, Feb. 1996, Vol.27, No.1, p.53-60. Illus. 21 ref.

CIS 98-750 Clavel J., Hémon D., Mandereau L., Delemotte B., Séverin F., Flandrin G.
Farming, pesticide use and hairy-cell leukemia
Topics: agriculture; crop protection; epidemiologic study; exposure evaluation; forage crops; France; insecticides; length of exposure; leukaemia; organophosphorus compounds; pesticides; smoking.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Aug. 1996, Vol.22, No.4, p.285-293. 35 ref.

CIS 98-918 Springfeldt B.
Rollover of tractors - International experiences
Topics: agriculture; fatalities; frequency rates; international agreements; legislation; occupational accidents; protection against overturning; safety devices; safety frames and cabs; safety rules; tractors.
Safety Science, Nov. 1996, Vol.24, No.2, p.95-110. Illus. 53 ref.

CIS 98-181
Health and Safety Executive
Keeping cattle in fields with public access
Data sheet on keeping cattle in fields with public access (United Kingdom), 1996. Topics: agriculture; data sheet; livestock rearing; neighbourhood protection; United Kingdom; warning notices.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, July 1996. 2p.

CIS 98-151 Vogelzang P.F.J., van der Gulden J.W.J., Preller L., Heederik D., Tielen M.J.M., van Schayck C.P.
Respiratory morbidity in relationship to farm characteristics in swine confinement work: Possible preventive measures
Topics: agriculture; asthma; chronic bronchitis; disinfectants; dyspnoea; livestock rearing; natural ventilation; Netherlands; pulmonary function; questionnaire survey; respiratory diseases; risk factors; smoking; swine; wood dust.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 1996, Vol.30, No.2, p.212-218. 25 ref.

CIS 98-211 Keifer M., McConnell R., Pacheco A.F., Daniel W., Rosenstock L.
Estimating underreported pesticide poisonings in Nicaragua
Topics: agriculture; crop protection; Nicaragua; notification of occupational diseases; pesticide poisoning; questionnaire survey.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 1996, Vol.30, No.2, p.195-201. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 97-1882 Schenker M.B.
Preventive medicine and health promotion are overdue in the agricultural workplace
Health and safety problems among U.S. agricultural workers are reviewed. Topics discussed include the incidence and causes of occupational fatalities and injuries, and chronic illnesses and hazardous exposures (respiratory disease, pesticide illness, musculoskeletal trauma, noise-induced hearing loss, cancer and stress). Recommendations for disease prevention and health promotion include engineering solutions, education of farm workers and their families, and enforcement of health and safety regulations. Includes a brief history of occupational health in agriculture.
Journal of Public Health Policy, 1996, Vol.17, No.3, p.275-305. Illus. 95 ref.

CIS 97-1946 Wesseling C., et al.
Cancer in banana plantation workers in Costa Rica
In this retrospective cohort study workers of Costa Rica banana companies were followed up in the cancer registry between 1981 and 1992: 29,565 men and 4892 women for 407,468 person-years. There was heavy exposure to pesticides, such as dibromochloropropane. 368 cancer cases were identified. Among men, an increased standardized incidence ratio was observed for melanoma and penile cancer; among women, for cervical cancer and leukaemia. Risk estimates for lung cancer were elevated among male workers with the longest period of employment.
International Journal of Epidemiology, Dec. 1996, Vol.25, No.6, p.1125-1131. 23 ref.

CIS 97-1945 Zhong Y., Rafnsson V.
Cancer incidence among Icelandic pesticide users
This cohort study examined cancer risk among 2,449 licensed pesticide users in Iceland. Included were also students from a horticultural college, gardeners, and vegetable farmers. The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) for all cancer sites was 0.80. Among females there was a significant increase in the incidence of cancer of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues. The overall incidence of rectal cancer was three times the expected value.
International Journal of Epidemiology, Dec. 1996, Vol.25, No.6, p.1117-1124. 38 ref.

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