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Safety programmes - 433 entries found

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CIS 08-23 Yanes J.S., Tamborero del Pino J.M., Gallo E., Mendoza Chaves S., Domínguez J.M., Silva F.
Safety during maintenance work
Seguridad en operaciones de mantenimiento [in Spanish]
Topics covered by this collection of articles on prevention of occupational hazards during maintenance work: preventive safety during maintenance; technical sheet on preventive maintenance of hazardous installations (see CIS 01-213); locking of machines and equipment during maintenance work; detection of failures of transformers by gas chromatography; safety in the use of scaffolds during maintenance work; productive and safety management in companies of the electricity sector; locks for medium voltage switches.
Protección y seguridad, Mar.-Apr. 2007, Vol.53, No.312, p.43-76. Illus.

CIS 08-31 Robson L.S., Clarke J.A., Cullen K., Bielecky A., Severin C., Bigelow P.L., Irvin E., Culyer A, Mahood Q.
The effectiveness of occupational health and safety management system interventions: A systematic review
A variety of occupational safety and health management systems (OSH-MS), standards, guidelines, and audits has been developed and disseminated over the past 20 years. This literature review aimed to synthesize the best available evidence on the effects of OSH-MS interventions on employee health and safety and associated economic outcomes. Eight bibliographic databases covering a wide range of fields were searched. Thirteen articles met the study's relevance and methodology criteria. Although the studies' results were generally positive, the review concluded that the body of evidence was insufficient to make recommendations either in favour of or against OSH-MSs. This was due to the heterogeneity of the methods employed, the small number of studies, their generally weak methodological quality and the lack of generalizability of many of the studies.
Safety Science, Mar. 2007, Vol.45, No.3, p.329-353. Illus. 80 ref.

CIS 07-1285 National Workplace Safety and Health Campaign 2007
This CD-ROM contains a number of posters, flyers, videos and documents published for the 2007 National Safety and Health Campaign in Singapore, held from 20 April to 24 May 2007. The documents include a the Workplace Safety and Health Strategy 2015 (WSH2015), a directors' guide to Workplace Safety and Health Act, implementing WSH2015 in the construction industry and the annual report of the Workplace Safety and Health Advisory Committee (WSHAC) for 2005-6. The target set is to halve the number of work-related fatalities to 2.5 per 100,000 workers by 2015. In an effort to help the construction industry to implement WSH 2015, the WSHAC has developed a workplace safety and health strategy for the construction industry.
Workplace Safety and Health Advisory Committee, 5 Maxwell Road, 20-00 Tower Block, MND Complex, Singapore 0069110, 2007. CD-ROM.

CIS 07-904 Parot N.
PPIH: A tool for preventing industrial accidents
PPRT: un outil pour prévenir les accidents technologiques [in French]
The aim of the plan for the prevention of industrial hazards (PPIH) is to limit the exposure of the neighbouring population to the effects of industrial accidents involving high-risk installations according to the Seveso classification. It consists of a preventive approach built around the control of existing and future land use, together with the reduction of risks at the source. This article discusses the French regulatory aspects related to the development and application of a PPIH.
Face au risque, Jan. 2007, No.429, p.18-20. Illus.


CIS 08-1245 Sedlaček D., Meyer L., Baaske G., Hahne J., Dreißig D.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Maritime terror and piracy at sea
Maritimer Terror und Piraterie auf hoher See [in German]
An analysis was carried out of the hazards caused by terrorism, high seas piracy, the needs of crews facing these dangers and the psychological and behavioural processes resulting from fear. It enabled conclusions to be drawn on the way of coping with these situations. These formed the basis for the development of an educational and training programme for possible integration into an occupational safety management system according to the ISPS code. An additional computer-assisted programme was also developed using basic knowledge concerning behaviour during exceptionally dangerous situations arising from terrorism or piracy.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2006. 282p. Illus. 84 ref. Index. Price: EUR 25.00.

CIS 08-379 Recalde Ruiz D.L., Laborda Grima R.
Guide to the preparation of work plans applicable to the dismantling and demolition of asbestos-containing structures. New legislation
Guía para el desarrollo de planes de trabajo en operaciones de desguace y demolición de estructuras que contienen amianto. Nueva legislación [in Spanish]
Spanish Royal Decree 396/2006 fixes the minimum safety and health requirements applicable to work involving the risk of exposure to asbestos. This article analyses the aspects to take into consideration when preparing the work plans for the dismantling and demolition of asbestos-containing structures that comply with the new legislation, namely: requirements with respect to the work plan; aspects that need to be taken into consideration when preparing the work plan; workers' training; waste disposal; health surveillance.
Prevención, Oct.-Dec. 2006, No.178, p.60-68. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 07-1259 Gochfeld M., Volz C.D., Burger J., Jewett S., Powers C.W., Friedlander B.
Developing a health and safety plan for hazardous field work in remote areas
Developing health and safety plans (HASPs) is a common feature of occupational safety and health for many workplaces. Formal HASPs are a requirement for hazardous waste work. Aside from that of OSHA, there is relatively little practical guidance on what a HASP should cover or how to create and implement one. This article details the development of a HASP to cover field researchers and ship personnel conducting scientific research in a remote area (Amchitka Island in the western Aleutians), hundreds of kilometres from the nearest emergency room. It required characterizing the kinds of work to be performed and anticipating the hazards that could be encountered. An expedition of this sort requires extensive planning and experienced safety personnel, and cannot rely on luck to ensure the safe return of participants.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Dec. 2006, Vol.3, No.12, p.671-683. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 07-1154 Cozzani V., Bandini R., Basta C., Christou M.D.
Application of land-use planning criteria for the control of major accident hazards: A case-study
Land-use planning (LUP) with respect to major accident hazards is one of the more important requirements of Directive 96/82/EC (see CIS 97-1079). Different approaches were developed by the Member States of the European Union in order to implement this aspect of the Directive. This study consists of a comparison of these approaches developed for LUP with respect to major accidents hazards. An Italian industrial area was selected to perform a case study. The different LUP criteria were used both to evaluate the present state of the area and the effect of several proposed hazard reduction actions. Critical steps in the application of the different LUP criteria are identified, and the different priorities of hazard reduction actions resulting from risk-based and consequence-based approaches are highlighted.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Aug. 2006, Vol.136, No.2, p.170-180. Illus. 29 ref.

CIS 07-1237 Hopkins A.
What are we to make of safe behaviour programs?
This article provides a critical look at the assumptions that underlie safe behaviour programmes and identifies some of their limitations. They often run the risk of assuming that unsafe behaviour is the only cause of accidents worth focusing on. It is argued that unsafe behaviour is often merely the last link in a causal chain and not necessarily the most effective link to focus on for the purposes of prevention. One major drawback of these programmes is that they miss critically important unsafe behaviour, such as attempts by workers to re-start processes that have been temporarily interrupted. Conventional safe behaviour programs aimed at front line workers are also of no use in preventing accidents in which the behaviour of front line workers is not involved. It is concluded that, given that it is the behaviour of management that is most critical in creating a culture of safety in any organization, behavioural safety observations are likely to have their greatest impact if directed upwards, at managers.
Safety Science, Aug. 2006, Vol.44, No.7, p.583-597. Illus. 32 ref.

CIS 07-1043 Integrating safety into work instructions
Integración de la seguridad en las instrucciones de trabajo [in Spanish]
Work instructions define the steps to be carried out for various tasks and are aimed at ensuring that work is carried out correctly. From the standpoint of occupational safety and health, it is desirable that they include safety measures. Contents of this practical information sheet on the integration of safety into work instructions: tasks for which instructions must include safety aspects; phases involved in preparing and implementing instructions that include safety aspects (task analysis, writing the instructions, approvals and checks, distribution, periodical revision and updating); supply and use of the instructions.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Dec. 2006, No.40, p.62-63. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 07-759 Jacques P.
All projects involve risks to be managed
Tout projet comporte des risques à gérer [in French]
This article presents various approaches, including computer-based tools, available to project managers for analyzing and managing the potential hazards of a project from the initial design to the final production. The experiences of enterprises involved in power distribution, parcel delivery and manufacture of liquefied gases are summarized.
Face au risque, Dec. 2006, No.428, p.15-19. Illus.

CIS 07-878 Ngowi A.V.F., London L.
Action on pesticides under the programme on Work and Health in Southern Africa (WAHSA)
Pesticides are increasingly used in developing countries, where they represent a particular hazard because of the vulnerable agricultural populations who are poor, illiterate and in poor health. As a result, the Work and Health in Southern Africa (WAHSA) programme has launched a project aimed at developing skills and resources to manage the health and environmental impact of pesticides in the region. This article reviews the objectives, activities and main achievements of the WAHSA project on pesticides.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, May 2006, Vol.16, No.1, p.15-19. Illus. 39 ref. [in English]

CIS 07-818 Khai T.T., Kawakami T., Kogi K.
WIND (Work Improvement in Neighbourhood Development) Programme - How the programme has helped farmers build safe and healthy farms in the Mekong delta area, Vietnam
Agricultural workers include a particularly high proportion of unprotected workers, especially in developing countries. The ILO is promoting the development of a voluntary, participatory and action-oriented training programme called WIND (Work Improvement in Neighbourhood Development) for implementing practical improvements in agricultural households. The principles of the programme are support for local initiatives, multifaceted solutions to suit the local situation and step-by-step progress in the implementation of improvements. This article describes the implementation of a WIND programme aimed at improving occupational safety and health in the agricultural sector in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam.
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Mar. 2006, Vol.13, No.1, p.10-13. Illus. 7 ref. [in English]

CIS 07-601 Safe start!
Débute en sécurité! [in French]
This special issue describes initiatives in Europe and elsewhere aimed at the protection of young people at work. Articles include: mainstreaming OSH into education; statistics on occupational accidents; European network for education and training in OSH; integrating OSH into vocational training; hazardous child labour; trade union involvement in pre-work education; new approaches to engaging young people in OSH; causes of job insecurity and job stress in Spanish young people.
Magazine - European Agency for Safety and Health at Work / Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail, 2006, No.9, p.1-57 (full issue). Illus. Bibl.ref. [in English] [in French]

CIS 07-750 Workplace violence prevention - Strategies and research needs
Report of a conference on workplace violence (WPV) held in Baltimore, USA, 17-19 November 2005. Contents: scope, background, methods and objectives; barriers and gaps that impede WPV prevention and strategies to overcome them; WPV prevention programmes and strategies; research needs for WPV prevention; linking research to practice; partners and their respective roles.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Sep. 2006. ix, 38p. Illus. 17 ref. [in English]

CIS 07-258 Occupational safety and health: Programmes and materials 2007
Campagnes et offres de prévention 2007 [in French]
Prävention: Kampagnen und Angebote 2007 [in German]
Prevenzione: campagne e proposte 2007 [in Italian]
This booklet lists all occupational safety and health training programmes and materials available from SUVA, grouped under the following headings: occupational safety and health management systems; main causes of accidents; prevention of occupational diseases; building and construction; forestry; woodworking; ergonomics; health promotion; management of absenteeism; safety and health protection during leisure activities.
Suva, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 2006. 51p. Illus [in Italian] [in French] [in German]

CIS 07-336 Morgaine K., Langley J.D., McGee R.O.
The FarmSafe programme in New Zealand: Process evaluation of year one (2003)
A national programme to raise awareness of safety issues for farm workers and reduce farm-related injuries (FarmSafe) has been implemented in New Zealand since 2002. This article describes the implementation of the first stage of this programme in 2003, presents findings from the process evaluation for the first stage, and places this evaluation in the context of a larger and longer-term evaluation programme. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with key members of the five agencies responsible for the programme, with workshop facilitators and with farm workers who had participated in the first stage workshops. The process evaluation showed that the programme was successful in achieving widespread participation in a safety training programme within an industry that is predominantly one of self-employment or small businesses and where there is geographical isolation.
Safety Science, Apr. 2006, Vol.44, No.4, p.359-371. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 07-349 Milczarek M., Szczecinńska K.
Workers' active involvement in the improvement of occupational safety and health in a textile enterprise - A case study
This article describes the implementation of the Polish-Swedish OSHMAN (Occupational safety and health management) project in a Polish textile and clothing plant. The aim of the project was to implement and improve effective health and safety management with the active involvement of workers at all levels of the enterprise. Training courses, workshops and various practical activities were undertaken. As expected, there were changes in work organization and improvements in the way workstations were looked after, which led to improvements in safety performance. Workers were highly committed during the project. Nevertheless it is concluded that more training should be directed at middle management.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 1st quarter 2006, Vol.12, No.1, p.69-77. Illus. 11 ref.

CIS 07-337 Bell J.L., Grushecky S.T.
Evaluating the effectiveness of a logger safety training program
Logger safety training programmes are rarely, if ever, evaluated as to their effectiveness in reducing injuries. In this study, workers' compensation claim data were used to evaluate the effectiveness of a logger safety training programme in the State of West Virginia. No decline in claim rate was detected in the majority (67%) of companies that participated in all four years of the programme. Furthermore, their rate did not differ from the rest of the West Virginia logging industry. Companies with higher turnover of employees had higher claim rates. Companies using feller bunchers to harvest trees at least part of the time had a significantly lower claim rate than companies not using them. Companies that had more inspections per year had lower claim rates. It was concluded that high injury rates persist even in companies that receive safety training. Possible reasons are discussed.
Journal of Safety Research, 2006, Vol.37, No.1, p.53-61. Illus. 17 ref.


CIS 07-276 Su T.S., Tsai W.Y., Yu Y.C.
An integrated approach for improving occupational health and safety management: The voluntary protection program in Taiwan
This article describes the voluntary protection programme (VPP) for occupational safety and health management implemented in Taiwan. It uses the resources of third parties and insurance providers to accredit a self-improving worksite with the benefits of waived general inspection and insurance premium reductions. A designated institute accepts the enterprise's application, performs document review and organizes the onsite inspection. After ten years, the efforts have shown a dramatic reduction in occupational injuries and illness in the worksites granted certification. VPP worksites, in comparison with all industries, had a 49% lower frequency rate in the past three years. The severity rate reduction was 80% in the same period. The results demonstrate that an employer voluntary protection programme is a promising strategy for a developing country.
Journal of Occupational Health, 2005, Vol.47, p.270-276. Illus. 25 ref.

CIS 06-1253 The Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Regulations 2005 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations implement in Great Britain certain provisions of Council Directive 92/91/EEC (see CIS 93-23). They define "safety case" as a document containing specified information relating to the management of health and safety and the control of major accident hazards. Such documents must be prepared and submitted to the appropriate authority before any operators of offshore installations are allowed to function. The Regulations replace S.I. 1992 No.2885 on the same subject.
TSO Online Bookshop,, 2005. 31p. Price: GBP 5.50. [in English]

CIS 06-1268 Occupational safety and health: Programmes and materials 2006
Campagnes et offres de prévention 2006 [in French]
Prävention: Kampagnen und Angebote 2006 [in German]
Prevenzione: campagne e proposte 2006 [in Italian]
This booklet lists all occupational safety and health training programmes and materials available from SUVA, grouped under the following headings: occupational safety and health management systems; main causes of accidents; prevention of occupational diseases; building and construction; forestry; woodworking; ergonomics; health promotion; management of absenteeism; safety and health protection during leisure activities.
Suva, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 2006. 48p. Illus. [in German] [in Italian] [in French]

CIS 06-1435 Michalik J.S., Domański W., Gajek A., Łużny E., Grobecki A., Lewandowski J., Kawa W.
Accident prevention programme and safety management system for enterprises which are hazardous because of the possibility of a major industrial accident: Guidelines
Program zapobiegania awariom oraz system zarządzania bezpieczeństwem w zakładach zagrażających poważną awarią przemysłową: Wytyczne [in Polish]
The contents of an accident prevention programme and a safety management system are described with detailed recommendations for enterprises where there is the possibility of a major industrial accident. Examples of such programmes are given along with guidelines concerning an accident prevention policy and the implementation of safety management systems.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2005. 124p. Bibl. ref.

CIS 05-712 Thornley S.
Health and Safety Executive
Workplace transport problems data collecting and mining
This report provides an assessment of the use made of a transport safety advisory service programme implemented jointly by the Health and Safety Executive and the UK Freight Transport Association. The service includes access to a dedicated toll-free number to provide guidance and advice to vehicle operators, drivers and all persons responsible for safety relating to workplace transport. The assessment of the use of the service includes the number of calls made by postcode, size of enterprise (expressed by number of vehicles and employees), nature of business, nature of the problems and responses.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. iv, 7p. Price: GBP 10.00. Downloadable version free of charge. [in English]


CIS 08-1249 Guidelines for preventing workplace violence for health care and social service workers
Health care and social service workers are at high risk of violent assault at work. In 2000 in the United States, health service workers overall had an incidence rate of 9.3 for injuries resulting from assaults and violent acts. The rate for social service workers was 15, and for nursing workers, 25. This compares to an overall private sector injury rate of two. Aimed at employers in the health care and social services sector, these guidelines explain how to implement a violence prevention programme. Topics addressed: importance of management commitment and employee involvement; worksite analysis; hazard prevention and control; safety and health training; recordkeeping and programme evaluation.
Publications U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, 2004. 44p. Illus. 40 ref. [in English]

CIS 07-27
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
Workers' magazine: NR-18 - PROESIC - Not labourers, citizens!
Revista do trabalhador: NR-18 - PROESIC - Peão não, cidadão! [in Portuguese]
The first of these video tapes examines the provisions of the revised standard NR-18 which regulates working conditions in the construction industry. The second describes the Brazilian national programme for safety engineering in the construction industry (PROESIC - Programa Nacional de Engenharia de Segurança na Indústria Construção). The third shows how workers, through their trade unions, can ensure compliance with the provisions of NR-18.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 05409-002, Brazil, [ca 2004]. Three videotapes (VHS format), 11min, 18min and 13min.

CIS 06-848 Felknor S.A., Sequeira L.F., Weinger M., Burau K.D., De Mezerville L., Delclos G.
Worker safety training in public hospitals in Costa Rica
The development and implementation of a worker safety training programme for the public hospital system in Costa Rica is described. The programme was developed under a collaborative agreement between the Costa Rican Social Security System and the University of Texas School of Public Health. A national survey to assess safety in public hospitals revealed high rates of injury, under-reporting of injuries and a lack of worker safety training. A programme based on the results of the survey was implemented using a training-of-trainers model. It created opportunities for human resources development in occupational health in the hospital system, allowed for the sustainability of the training effort and reduced the dependency on external funding. Over 3,700 workers and 57 trainers were trained in the first three years of the programme.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Oct.-Dec. 2004, Vol.10, No.4, p.445-450. Illus. 13 ref.

CIS 05-129 Weber G., Arndt S., Frick T., Jäger M.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Designing for safe subsequent work in buildings and structures
Arbeitsschutzgerechte Planung späterer Arbeiten an baulichen Anlagen [in German]
This research report deals with the integration of safety aspects of future maintenance work into the design of buildings and structures. The nature and scope of subsequent work foreseen in buildings and structures was examined, together with the components of buildings and structures in terms of the work they will require and its related hazards. Maintenance constitutes the majority of the work that can be foreseen and can therefore be taken into account during the design of the building or structure. As a result of the research, a catalogue of solutions was elaborated for the safe design of subsequent maintenance work related to buildings and structures. These solutions consist of general design guidelines and special guidelines for the safe design of subsequent work related to facades, roofs, technical equipment, high rooms, as well as outdoor equipment of buildings and structures.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2004. 668p. Illus. 159 ref. Price: EUR 54.00.

CIS 04-180 Emergency response planning
Contents of this information sheet on emergency response planning: definition of a hazardous substance; what constitutes an emergency and why emergency response planning is needed; what is an emergency response plan and what must be considered in developing such a plan; what is the company emergency response team; tasks and responsibilities of the company emergency response team.
Occupational Health Department, Ministry of Manpower, 18 Havelock Road, #05-01, Singapore 059764, Republic of Singapore, [c2004]. 3p. Illus. [in English]

CIS 04-40 Vecchio-Sadus A.M., Griffiths S.
Marketing strategies for enhancing safety culture
Promotional and marketing strategies can be effective tools for raising and maintaining the profile of occupational health and safety (OHS) within an organization. It is important to maximize the impact of health and safety promotions, and to ensure a consistent, desired message is conveyed. When developing OHS promotional campaigns, consideration should be given to identifying the target audience and the objective of the campaign. The aim is to keep employees focused in a positive and proactive way. Effective communication brings together people, processes, and systems. The challenge is to promote health and safety throughout all levels of the organization, and to find effective strategies such as published materials, displays, media, training and the Internet, to gain management commitment and employee involvement in the decision-making and problem-solving processes which are essential for achieving a positive safety culture. The benefits can go well beyond lowering the lost time injury rate, and can include economic and social gains.
Safety Science, Aug. 2004, Vol.42, No.7, p.601-619. 21 ref.

CIS 04-132
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
Security in ports
Sûreté dans les ports [in French]
Protección en los puertos [in Spanish]
This code of practice, developed jointly by the ILO and the IMO, provides useful guidelines to help reduce the risk to ports from the threat of unlawful acts. It offers a framework for formulating and implementing security strategies and identifying potential risks to a port's security. It is intended to promote a common approach to port security among member States. The measures covered in this code apply to all areas and functions of the port, as well as to persons working in, having business with, requiring access to, or transiting through the port. Practical examples of a port security assessment and a port security plan are included.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. xvi, 44p. 7 ref. Price: CHF 20.00. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge. [in English] [in French] [in Spanish]


CIS 03-1121 Portillo García-Pintos J.
Efficiency analysis of the management of the prevention of occupational risks within the framework of the general management of small and medium size enterprises in Spain: Recommendations for its improvement
Análisis de eficiencia de la gestión de la prevención de riesgos laborales en el contexto de la gestión general de las PYMES en España: Directrices para su mejora [in Spanish]
Practical and detailed recommendations for the integration of OSH management within the overall management of small and medium sized enterprises in Spain having modern management capacity. A total of 33 enterprises from 7 industrial sectors in the Spanish region of Galicia were analysed for the efficiency of their OSH management practices. Overall, the best results were obtained in enterprises that had instituted an OSH programme in a step-by-step fashion after having performed a thorough risk evaluation programme of the whole enterprise. The integration of OSH management within the general management of the enterprise was also a positive factor.
Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.24, p.27-38. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 03-1242 Wright M., Bendig M., Pavitt T., Gibb A.
Health and Safety Executive
The case for CDM: Better safer design - A pilot study
The construction sector remains one of the most dangerous in the United Kingdom. Although The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 1994 (CDM, see CIS 95-13) clearly define the designer's duties with respect to the reduction of health and safety risks during construction, previous research has concluded that there is concern in the construction industry regarding limited success in securing safer designs. This project describes simple examples of how designers have significantly improved construction safety, reduced costs and shortened programme time.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. iv, 69p. Illus. 12 ref. Price: GBP 15.00. [in English]

CIS 03-1215 Hjort C., Højmose P., Sherson D.
A model for safety and health promotion among Danish farmers
This article describes an ongoing participatory project aimed at preventing accidents in the agricultural sector in a region of Denmark. The main principles were local involvement in designing the project, multifacetted activities for defined target-groups and the recognition of specific occupational skills. This multilevel approach involved groups and organizations including farmers, farmers' spouses, agricultural advisors, agricultural school teachers, employees and part-time farm workers. Activities included discussion meetings, information meetings in larger and smaller groups, and the designing of educational safety material. The project is a managed from "bottom-up" with a small budget and little centrally-organized activities. Evaluations are undertaken throughout the project period. If this concept can be implemented in Denmark, it may well be useful in other developed and developing countries.
Journal of Agromedicine, 2003, Vol.9, No.1, p.93-100. Illus. 11 ref.

CIS 03-898 Gilkey D.P., Hautaluoma J.E., Ahmed T.P., Keefe T.J., Herron R.E., Bigelow P.L.
Construction work practices and conditions improved after 2-years' participation in the HomeSafe pilot program
The objective of this study was to determine whether the number of years spent in the "HomeSafe Program", a safety programme for residential home builders in the state of Colorado, made any difference in the performance of participating companies' safety audit scores. Audits were conducted on residential construction sites. Study subjects were construction workers employed by participating or control companies within the study. Measures of 41 companies showed significant improvement in audit scores, increasing from 71.8 to 76.8 after 2 1/2 years in the program. HomeSafe companies outperformed controls for both the group having been audited 2 1/2 years previously and for previously unaudited HomeSafe companies. Prolonged exposure in the HomeSafe pilot programme resulted in improved audit scores for companies within the programme for at least two years.
AIHA Journal, May-June 2003, Vol.64, No.3, p.346-351. 23 ref.

CIS 03-845 Simpson G., Tunley C., Burton M.
Health and Safety Executive
Development of human factors methods and associated standards for major hazard industries
The aim of the proposed research was to develop guidelines to assist both inspectors and staff on chemical plants in assessing the management of human factor issues. The scope of work required the development of guidance information on five human factor aspects including procedures, availability of information, communications, emergency planning and accident investigation. These would then act as prototypes in developing additional topics. The guidance topics were selected following the application of an incident analysis process which provided an informed overview of the human factors issues that were influencing accidents in the chemical industry. A human factors analysis framework was developed and applied as part of this process.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. iv, 115p. Illus. 6 ref. Price: GBP 20.00. [in English]


CIS 08-34 Heras Cobo C., Rey Fernández J.
Trends observed in the Aragon programme: Problems and possible solutions
Evolución del Programa Aragón: problemas y posibles soluciones [in Spanish]
The objective of this programme launched in 1998 was to incite enterprises with high rates of accidents in the Spanish region of Aragon to implement effective preventive management systems and, where appropriate, to inflict penalties on those that did not undertake any actions. Over the years, the average reduction in the number of accidents among enterprises participating in the programme reached the order of 30%. However, there are enterprises which despite participating to the programme are still not able to reduce their accident rates. This article discusses some of the problems identified in the course of the programme and proposes some specific improvement strategies.
Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2002, No.22, p.29-36. Illus.

CIS 06-30 García Herrero S., Mariscal Saldaña M.A., Manzanedo del Campo M.A., Ritzel D.O.
From the traditional concept of safety management to safety integrated with quality
This article reviews the evolution of the concepts of safety and quality that have been used in the traditional workplace and highlights the advantages and disadvantages of traditional safety programmes. The concept of quality management is also presented. Safety management and quality management principles, phases and measurements are highlighted and the concepts of quality and safety guarantees are assessed. Total quality management concepts are reviewed and applied to safety quality and total safety management principles are discussed. Finally, the relationship between quality and safety is analysed based on data collected from a Spanish company.
Journal of Safety Research, 2002, Vol.33, No.1, p.1-20. Illus. 36 ref.

CIS 03-1235 Kimura Y.
Occupational health, safety and environmental challenges for small end medium enterprises (SMEs) - A perspective from Japan's experience
Although considerable improvements in safety have been achieved over the years in the Japanese construction sector, the rates of accidents are still high among SMEs. Factors contributing to these accidents include low occupational safety and health (OSH) consciousness among employers, poor access to administrative guidance and the lack of appropriate information. This article describes various efforts that have been undertaken in view of improving the safety performance of SMEs in the construction sector. These efforts include programmes to help improve employers' OSH consciousness, OSH support programmes for groups of SMEs, the provision of OSH information through the use of information technology; encouraging the implementation of OSH management systems and ensuring the collaboration of the business side of the enterprise.
Industrial Safety Chronicle, Oct.-Dec. 2002, Vol.XXXIII, No.3, p.43-45.

CIS 03-574 Das D.K.
Setting up your own audit programme
This article presents a strategy for designing and implementing an occupational safety and health audit programme. Contents: establishing the audit programmes objectives; matching the resources required to meet the audit programme's needs; tools and techniques for the design and implementation of audit programmes; programme record-keeping; interviewing techniques.
INDOSHNEWS, Apr.-June 2002, Vol.7, No.2, p.5-13. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 03-573 Sibanda M.
Planned preventive maintenance programmes - An occupational health and safety intervention tool
Contents of this overview on planned maintenance programmes: responsibilities of employers with respect to occupational safety and health; causes of accidents; chain of events leading to accidents; definition of planned preventive maintenance; outline of a planned preventive maintenance programme.
On Guard, Mar. 2002, Vol.7, No.1, p.17-22. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 03-477 Gerber J.K., Yacoubian G.S.
An assessment of drug testing within the construction industry
Drug testing in the workplace has become widespread during the past two decades, particularly in the construction industry. High rates of alcohol and other drug use, coupled with the high-risk, safety-sensitive nature of the industry, have prompted the development of a variety of drug surveillance and prevention strategies. Despite these efforts, little research has been published on the impact of drug-related policies in the construction industry. This paper reviews the effectiveness of workplace drug-testing programmes in reducing injury rates within the construction industry. Analyses indicate that companies with drug-testing programmes experienced a 51% reduction in accident rates within two years of implementation. Policy implications are discussed in light of the current findings.
Journal of Drug Education, 2002, Vol.32, No.1, p.53-68. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 03-155 Sebastian L.P., Tubelonia R.M.
Building a culture of safety and health in the Cordilleras - Report of proceedings #2
Brief summary of the activities undertaken in the course of a programme aimed at building a safety and health culture in rural mountainous regions of the Philippines, as discussed at a training course held in Baguio, Philippines, 1-5 Jan. 2002. These activities included the organization of a five-day occupational safety and health training course, a forum on occupational safety and health in the farming sector with an emphasis on working safely with pesticides, and the visits of two rural municipalities by occupational safety and health staff, during which films of farming hazards were presented and medical examinations of farm workers were carried out.
Department of Labor and Employment, Occupational Safety and Health Center, OSHC Building, North Avenue corner Agham Road, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines, Apr. 2002. 16p. Illus.

CIS 03-378
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
Prevention of major industrial accidents
Prevenção de acidentes industriais maiores [in Portuguese]
Portuguese translation of the ILO Code of Practice abstracted under CIS 91-972. It consists of the following sections: general provisions; components of a major hazard control system; general duties; prerequisites for a major hazard control system; analysis of hazards and risks; control of the causes of major industrial accidents; safe operation of major hazard installations; emergency planning; information of the neighbourhood population on major hazards installations; siting and land-use planning; reporting to competent authorities; implementation of a major hazard control system. Annexes: use of consultancy services and publications on the control of major hazards.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 05409-002, Brazil, 2002. 119p. 67 ref. Index. Price: BRL 10.00.

CIS 02-1982 López-Mena L.
Change in behaviour. Towards safety and quality at work
El cambio de la conducta. Hacia la seguridad y la calidad del trabajo [in Spanish]
This article presents some of the experiences gained from programmes aimed at improving safety behaviour and the quality of work in several sectors. It describes the methodology used, based on workplace observations and analyses of risky behaviour leading to the definition of a programme aimed at changing these attitudes as well as on training the workers in identifying risky behaviour.
Prevención, Oct.-Dec. 2002, No.162, p.22-41. Illus. 11 ref.

CIS 02-1304
Health and Safety Executive
Developing and maintaining staff competence
This guidance is primarily aimed at persons responsible for managing and assuring the competence of individuals and teams in the railway transportation sector, whose work may have an impact on operational safety and on occupational safety and health. Companies in the railway transportation sector who are concerned by this guidance include infrastructure controllers, train operating companies and maintenance companies, as well as their contractors and subcontractors. Contents: general principles; legislative background; outline of the guidance and its application; establishing the requirements for the competence management system (CMS); design, implementation, maintenance and auditing of the CMS.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2002. viii, 72p. Illus. 12 ref. Price: GBP 12.95.

CIS 02-604 Carrivick P.J.W., Lee A.H., Yau K.K.W.
Effectiveness of a workplace risk assessment team in reducing the rate, cost, and duration of occupational injury
This study evaluated the effectiveness of a consultative workplace risk assessment team in reducing the rate and severity of injury among cleaners in a 600-bed hospital. Cohorts of cleaning services and orderly services staff ever employed within both a 4 year pre-intervention and a three-year post-intervention period were assigned to the intervention and comparison groups, respectively. The date, compensation claims cost, and hours lost from work were obtained for each injury during the study period. Age, sex, work experience and hours worked were ascertained for every subject whether injured or not. Reductions of two thirds in injury rate, 73% in cost, and 43% in duration were evident in the intervention group. The success of the workplace risk assessment team intervention supports the adoption of a participatory approach to reducing the rate and consequence of workplace injury.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2002, Vol.44, No.2, p.155-159. 15 ref.


CIS 12-0065 Guidelines on the implementation of safety management system for the metalworking industry
An occupational safety and health management system (OSH-MS) is a systematic process for managing workplace safety and health, providing for goal setting, planning, performance measurements, and clear management commitments and direction. In Singapore, OSH-MSs mandatory for many types of workplaces. Integral to the OSH-MS is risk assessment. All workplaces must conduct risk assessments to identify the source of risks and shall take all reasonably practicable steps to eliminate any foreseeable risk to any person who may be affected by the undertaking in the workplace. Where it is not reasonably practicable to eliminate the risk, other reasonably practicable measures must be taken to minimize the risk. This guide explains how to implement an OSH-MS in the metalworking industry.
Ministry of Manpower, 18 Havelock Road, Singapore 059764, July 2001, 20p.
Guidelines_on_the_implementation_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]

CIS 04-287 How to reduce workplace accidents
Hvordan mindsker man antallet af arbejdsulykker? [in Danish]
Mittel und Wege zur Verringerung von Unfällen am Arbeitsplatz [in German]
Pṓs tha meiōthoún ta atuhḗmata sto hṓro ergasías [in Greek]
Cómo reducir los accidentes de trabajo [in Spanish]
Hur kan vi minska arbetsolyckorna? [in Swedish]
Miten työtapaturmia voidaan vähentää [in Finnish]
Comment réduire les accidents du travail? [in French]
Come ridurre gli infortuni sul lavoro [in Italian]
Hoe arbeidsongevallen terug te dringen [in Dutch]
Como reduzir os acidentes no local de trabalho [in Portuguese]
Kuidas vähendada õnnetusi töökohal [in Estonian]
Prevention of workplace accidents remains a key issue and this was the theme of the European Week for Safety and Health at Work 2001. In this context, a study was carried out of accident prevention programmes in the Member States of the European Union (see CIS 02-136). The 22 cases analysed in the report cover interventions at both the national and regional level, and at a sector and enterprise level. This fact sheet summarises the results of the report.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work,, 2001. 2p. Illus. 4 ref. [in English] [in French] [in Danish] [in German] [in Estonian] [in Greek] [in Italian] [in Dutch] [in Portuguese] [in Finnish] [in Swedish] [in Spanish]

CIS 02-1707 Iavicoli S., Signorini S., Petyx M., Ursini C.L., Marinaccio A., Capozza G., Grandi C., Palmi S.
Delphi study of the identification of research needs in occupational medicine in Italy
Studio Delphi per l'identificazione delle priorità di ricerca in medicina del lavoro in Italia [in Italian]
This study identifies the research priorities in Italy in OSH. According to the Delphi technique, a two-phase questionnaire was sent to experts, who were requested to indicate three research topics in the OSH sector. In the second phase the experts were requested to assign a score from one to five to each identified topic. This study allowed a high degree of consensus to be reached regarding the research priorities.
Medicina del lavoro, Mar.-Apr. 2001, Vol.92, No.2, p.91-107. 15 ref.

CIS 02-1185 Bull N., Riise T., Moen B.E.
Mechanisms of occupational injuries reported to insurance companies in Norway from 1991 to 1996
An analytical study of the occupational injury claims made to insurance companies in Norway (1991-1996).Most frequent injury events were falls affecting both sexes and all occupational groups; the incidence rate increased with age. Some preventive measures are recommended.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 2001, Vol.39, No.3, p.312-319. Illus. 20 ref.

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