Pollution control - 464 entries found
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International approaches to chemicals control - A historical overview
This book, prepared in the context of the preparatory work leading to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 3-12 June 1992, gives a broad overview of the historical development of attempts to manage chemical substances to serve rather than harm mankind and the environment. Contents: new opportunities for co-operation on chemical safety; concern on chemicals as a threat to the environment; the emergence of permanent programmes for chemical safety; political focus on chemicals control; on the threshold of the twenty-first century.
National Chemicals Inspectorate (KemI), P.O. Box 1384, 171 27 Solna, Sweden, 1992. xii, 511p. Bibl.ref. Indices.
Book of lists for regulated hazardous substances - 1992 [USA]
This reference book provides a compilation of lists of hazardous substances referenced in the following regulatory literature in the USA (with exposure limits given when appropriate): Resource Conservation and Recovery Act; Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act; Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act; Clean Air Act; Clean Water Act; Safe Drinking Water Act; Occupational Safety and Health Act (CIS 89-351); Toxic Substances Control Act (CIS 89-23). Each list appears with its exact source and title.
Government Institutes Inc., 4 Research Place, Suite 200, Rockville, MD 20850, USA, 1992. 397p. Price: USD 65.00.
Expert group meeting to develop integrated international safety guidelines for pesticide formulation in developing countries
Proceedings of an expert group meeting to develop integrated international safety guidelines for pesticide formulation in developing countries held in Brussels, Belgium, 24 February-6 March 1992. Topics covered: UNIDO's activities in industrial safety and environmental protection and objectives of this meeting; safety issues of the formulation of pesticides in developing countries; explosion hazards related to particle reduction with special relevance to pesticide formulation; fire hazards and hazard ranking; good manufacturing practice; stewardship in the safe storage of agrochemicals; electrostatic hazards in industry; responsible care; legislation aspects in developing countries; monitoring health effects of pesticides; effluent treatment technologies in pesticide formulation; environmental issues in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Hungary.
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), Wien International Centre, P.O. Box 300, 1400 Wien, Austria, 1992. 219p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS)
Chemical safety. Fundamentals of applied toxicology. The nature of chemical hazards
This chemical safety training module may be used either for independent study or as part of an organised course. Contents: physical forms of chemicals; health effects of chemicals (descriptive terms, toxicology, exposure to potentially toxic substances and their adverse effects, dose-response and concentration-response relationships, human biotransformation of chemicals and mechanisms of action, standard setting, identification of chemical hazards); environmental toxicology and ecotoxicology; data retrieval and sources of information. An example is given of the application of data to hazard and risk assessment. Each section includes a series of self assessment questions.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1992. 122p. Bibl.ref.
Environmental Protection Act 1990 - Part 1: Integrated pollution control and air pollution control by local authorities
The impact of the requirements of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 of the United Kingdom within the broad industrial sector is discussed. The provisions laid down in relevant sections of the Act are outlined including: definition of terms; serving of an Enforcement Notice on a person contravening a condition of authorisation; serving of a Prohibition Notice where a process involves an imminent risk of serious environmental pollution; powers of inspectors.
Industrial Safety Data File, Mar. 1992, p.H:14:1-H:14:4.
Fifth Conference on Toxic Substances
Cinquième colloque sur les substances toxiques [in French]
Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Toxic Substances held in Montreal, Canada, 1-2 April 1992. Topics covered: international approaches to chemical safety (work of international organisations in the harmonisation of chemical classification; environmental protection in Canada; health protection in the European Community; international food safety and pesticide standards); polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (sources, measurement, emission reduction, risk assessment); contaminated soil treatment technologies; legal and economic aspects; dangerous waste management solutions; the safety of incineration.
Publications, Environmental Protection, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0H3, Canada, 1992. xiii, 263p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Canadian health and safety legislation
Législation canadienne sur la santé et la sécurité [in French]
CD-ROM containing the full text of Canadian legislation on safety and health matters (including OSH and environmental safety). Important laws, regulations and codes of practice issued by the federal, provincial and territorial governments are included, in the languages in which they are available. Regulations judged to be of lesser importance are not included in full text, but are listed by jurisdiction. A user's introductory manual is included with the disc. Former title: Canadian OSH legislation.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ont. L8N 1H6, Canada, 1992- 1 CD-ROM disk (runs on IBM compatible computers + Windows). Updated 4 times a year.
Canadian Environmental Protection Act. Priority Substances List Assessment Report No.2. Effluents from pulp mills using bleaching
Loi canadienne sur la protection de l'environnement. Liste des substances d'intérêt prioritaire, rapport d'évaluation n°2: Effluents des usines de pâte blanchie [in French]
This report assesses the risk associated with the release of chlorinated organic material in bleached pulp mill effluents. Canadian mills are estimated to release over a million tonnes of chlorinated organic compounds to the aquatic environment annually resulting in acute and chronic effects to the aquatic ecosystem. It is therefore concluded that these effluents are entering the environment in a quantity or concentration or under conditions having an immediate and long-term harmful effects on the environment. The effluents are thus considered to be "toxic" as defined under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act.
Publications, Environmental Protection, Conservation and Protection, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A OH3, Canada, 1991. x, 60p. 240 ref.
Environment audit - A complete guide to undertaking an environmental audit for your business
This manual allows the systematic checking on the adequacy of environmental management efforts within an organisation and helps to identify targets for action. Each section deals with a specific aspect of the management of environmental affairs: policy and resources; operations; products; waste; emissions and discharges; energy; transport; people and tasks; land and premises; change; emergencies and special cases; monitoring of feedback. In addition, each section contains guidance notes and checklists usable for the identification of environmental problems within enterprises.
Mercury Books, Gold Arrow Publications Ltd., 862 Garratt Lane, London SW17 0NB, United Kingdom, 1991. xiv, 152p. Price: GBP 35.00.
Frumkin H., Levy B.S., Levenstein C.
Occupational and environmental health in Eastern Europe: Challenges and opportunities
As the nations of Eastern Europe undergo political and economic transitions, they face considerable occupational and environmental health challenges. Although occupational health services are relatively well developed, environmental health services and policies are not. There are major needs in the areas of education and training, supplies and equipment, and policy development. In addition, privatisation poses a variety of new challenges and dangers to occupational and environmental health. This commentary discusses the challenges that face Eastern European nations, and describes opportunities for collaboration among scientists, policymakers, labour, management, and community groups in the United States and Eastern Europe.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 1991, Vol.20, No.2, p.265-270. 14 ref.
State of the environment in Mauritius
This report was prepared for presentation at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 1992. It provides details of the resources of Mauritius, environmental issues, and policy, institutions and challenges related to environmental protection. A section on worker safety and health covers: statistics on industrial accidents; employment; machinery hazards; chemical hazards; noise; dust problems; governmental policies and programmes. Relevant legislation is listed along with the text of the National Environmental Policy, the Environmental Protection Act and the Waste Water Authority Act.
Ministry of Environment and Quality of Life, Government of Mauritius, Port Louis, Mauritius, 1991. 403p. Illus.
Castegnaro M., Barek J., Jacob J., Kirso U., Lafontaine M., Sansone E.B., Telling G.M., Vu Duc T.
Ministry of the Environment (France)
Laboratory decontamination and destruction of carcinogens in laboratory wastes - Some polycyclic heterocyclic hydrocarbons
The following polycyclic heterocyclic hydrocarbons are considered: dibenz[a,j]acridine, dibenz[a,h]acridine, 7H-dibenzo[c,g]carbazole and 13H-dibenzo[a,i]carbazole. Reagents proposed for eliminating the carcinogenic potential of these compounds include: potassium permanganate, hydrogen peroxide and iron(II) chloride, and concentrated sulfuric acid.
Oxford University Press, Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, United Kingdom, 1991. 50p. 66 ref. Price: GBP 8.00.
Proceedings of a seminar on environmental classification and labelling of chemicals
Proceedings of a seminar held in Uppsala, Sweden, 20-21 March 1991. The first 2 papers discuss joint Nordic proposals on scientific criteria and on a system of classification, labelling and material safety data sheets for chemical substances dangerous for the environment. Following papers describe the work on classification and labelling of substances with regard to environmental effects in Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Austria and Switzerland and within the framework of Directive 67/548/EEC.
Swedish National Chemicals Inspectorate, P.O. Box 1384, 171 27 Solna, Sweden, 1991. 85p. Illus.
CONCAWE 1990 annual report
Report on the activities of the oil companies' European organisation for environmental and health protection. Activities in 1990 centred on: atmospheric emissions; automotive fuel quality (lead in gasoline, gasoline oxygenates, benzene/aromatics content of gasoline, diesel fuel quality); protection of health during manufacture and use of petroleum products (work in oil refining and distribution, protection for users of petroleum products, ecotoxicology); pipeline performance and monitoring; oil spill clean-up; water quality; waste management; noise control; safety and the control of major hazards.
The Oil Companies' European Organization for Environmental and Health Protection (CONCAWE), Bruxelles, Belgium, May 1991. iv, 16p.
This document presents a critical assessment of the toxicology and ecotoxicology of dicyclopentadiene (DCPD). There are no data available on the toxicokinetics or metabolism of DCPD in man. DCPD odour has been reported to be detectable at concentrations as low as 0.003ppm and headache was reported in workers following prolonged exposure to low vapour concentrations. Details are given of the effects on environmental organisms and on experimental animals, and advice is given on first aid and safe handling.
European Chemical Industry Ecology and Toxicology Centre, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, B.6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, July 1991. v, 50p. 66 ref.
Nielsen I.R., Howe P.
Department of the Environment
Environmental hazard assessment: Toluene
This document reviews and assesses the available literature on the distribution, fate and effects of toluene in the environment. Potential routes to man are included, but effects on man are not assessed. It is concluded that normal exposure to toluene at current levels does not seem to have adverse effects on aquatic or terrestrial life, although possible chronic effects may be seen in aquatic ecosystems with higher toluene levels. Toluene may contribute to smog formation in the presence of other pollutants such as nitrous oxide and ozone, although the extent of toluene's contribution to atmospheric pollution problems is not known. Toluene constitutes a major safety hazard in terms of its flammability.
Building Research Establishment, Garston, Watford WD2 7JR, United Kingdom, 1991. 54p. Illus. ca. 100 ref.
World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe
Ecogenetics - Genetic predisposition to the toxic effects of chemicals
A review of the current knowledge in the science of ecogenetics, published as a follow-up to the WHO Consultation on Genetic Predisposition to Toxic Effects of Chemicals, held in Krefeld (Germany), 17-20 Oct. 1989. Of particular interest from an OSH viewpoint are chapters on: genetic disposition to occupationally-related diseases (E.J. Calabrese); detection of unsuspected non-fava-bean-sensitive glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in semiconductor fabrication workers in Israel (D.T. Teitelbaum and B. Raikhlin); predisposition in exposure to carbon disulfide (D. Djuric); ethical aspects of genetic predisposition to disease (in particular, as they affect workers, P. Grandjean); significance of hypersusceptibility for risk assessment (C. Sonich-Mullin); regulatory practices to protect hypersusceptible groups of workers (F. Kaloyanova).
Chapman and Hall, 2-6 Boundary Row, London SE1 8HN, United Kingdom and 29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001, USA, 1991. xiv, 288p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 35.00.
Economic instruments of control in environmental policy: Nickel-cadmium batteries and cadmium in phosphorus fertilizers
This document represents part of a report by a Swedish commission set up to analyse the possibilities for increased usage of economic instruments of control in environmental policy. Contents: 1. Nickel-cadmium batteries (environmental problems; production and use of cadmium and current measures against its spread; types of NiCd batteries and their application; collection of discarded batteries; alternative to the NiCd battery). 2. Cadmium in phosphorus fertilisers (general observations on cadmium input into Swedish arable land and the production of phosphorus fertilisers; alternative instruments of control and their evaluation). The Commission's proposals, including the introduction of an environmental charge, are summarised.
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 171 85 Solna, Sweden, 1991. 33p. Illus.
Pollution - Causes, effects and control
Topics covered in this manual include: chemical pollution of the aquatic environment; treatment of sewage sludge and toxic wastes; water quality and health; biological aspects of freshwater pollution; air pollutants and their chemical analysis; atmospheric dispersal of pollutants; catalyst systems for emission control from motor vehicles; health effects of environmental chemicals; legal control of pollution; control of industrial pollution; organometallic compounds in the environment; radioactivity; quantitative evaluation of environmental pollution problems.
Royal Society of Chemistry, Turpin Distribution Services Ltd., Blackhorse Road, Letchworth, Herts. SG6 1HN, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1990. xvii, 393p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 29.50.
An environmental Odyssey - People, pollution and politics in the life of a practical scientist
This book is an autobiographical account of the work of Merril Eisenbud and his pursuit of practical, scientifically sound solutions to a range of environmental problems; activities focus on the protection of human health from the effects of chemical and radioactive pollution both in the workplace and in the general environment. The complex subject of environmental hazards is explained along with the necessity of involving science in the formulation of public policy. A final chapter provides an analysis of current environmental problems and highlights those that need immediate attention.
University of Washington Press, P.O. Box 50096, Seattle, Washington 98145-5096, USA, 1990. xi, 264p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 24.95.
Benvenuti F., Ciccarelli C., Salerno A., Moccaldi R.
Environmental pollution in a rubber accelerator production plant
L'inquinamento ambientale in un impianto di produzione di acceleranti per gomma [in Italian]
This study was carried out at a plant for the production of rubber accelerators. It concentrated on the environmental conditions connected with these processes, in outdoors processing areas (closed cycle units). The level of pollution found in the processing area was very low, with the exception of the valve-replacement zone, where there was a risk of short-term exposure to high levels of dimethylaniline. The use of personal protective equipment for hands, eyes and the respiratory tract is recommended. On the other hand, a risk of long-term exposure to mercaptobenzothiazole and tetramethylthiuram disulfide was found in the finished-product packaging unit. Therefore, in these units there is a need to provide constant control and equipment maintenance, and to introduce prevention measures capable of reducing contamination levels.
Prevenzione oggi, July-Sep. 1990, Vol.2, No.3, p.17-31. Illus. 9 ref.
Canadian Environmental Protection Act. Priority Substances List Assessment Report No.1. Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans
Loi canadienne sur la protection de l'environnement. Liste des substances d'intérêt prioritaire, rapport d'évaluation n°1: Dibenzodioxines polychlorées et dibenzofurannes polychlorés [in French]
These substances are considered "toxic" as defined under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act. This report reviews the available environmental and toxicological data on polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (dioxins) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (furans). Exposures to these substances in the workplace, or from industrial accidents, have resulted in changes in the skin (including chloracne) that can persist for many years. Extensive exposures have also produced neurological and psychological effects (including sexual dysfunction), elevated blood levels of some enzymes and averse effects on the foetus. The evidence of a link between cancer incidence or mortality and exposure to dioxins and furans is equivocal.
Commercial Chemicals Branch, Environment Canada, 351 St. Joseph Blvd., Ottawa, Ontario K1A OH3, Canada, 1990. ix, 56p. 96 ref.
Environment and the world of work
L'environnement et le monde du travail [in French]
Report of the Director-General of the International Labour Office to the International Labour Conference, 1990. Topics discussed: environment and development and the ILO; overview of environmental and developmental issues; environmental policy issues; potential repercussions on the world of work (employment, training and industrial relations); role of the ILO's tripartite constituents; role of the International Labour Organisation and Office. The report argues that the main difficulties in dealing with the environment are not technical but political, economic and social and aims to identify possible ways in which governments and employers' and workers' organisations can promote and participate in environmentally sound and sustainable development.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1990. x, 106p. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 15.00.
Environmental hazards in your school: A resource handbook
The specific environmental hazards discussed in-depth in this booklet are asbestos, indoor air quality, radon, lead in drinking water and other contaminants in school-operated water systems. Adverse effects of the hazards are outlined along with methods of risk reduction, assistance available and relevant legislation. Other concerns briefly discussed include underground storage tanks, recycling efforts, pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls. A list of contacts is also provided.
Environmental Protection Agency, Washington D.C. 20460, USA, Oct. 1990. 69p. Illus.
Environment and health - The European Charter [WHO] and commentary: First European Conference on Environment and Health, Frankfurt, 7-8 Dec. 1989
Environnement et santé - La Charte européenne [OMS] et son commentaire: première conférence européenne sur l'environnement et la santé, Francfort, 7-8 déc. 1989 [in French]
A Charter was adopted in 1989 concerning the environment and health in Europe. This publication contains the text of the Charter and some commentary associated with it. The Charter consists of: preamble (basic principles); rights and responsibilities of individuals, public and private organisations and the media; principles of public policy; strategic elements; priorities (including, among others: hygienic waste disposal; environmental health impact of energy production, road transport and agriculture practices; air quality; persistent chemicals; hazardous wastes; biotechnology; contingency planning for accidents and disasters; cleaner technologies); future actions. The commentary includes a point-by-point survey of the background of the Charter.
WHO Regional Office for Europe, Scherfigsvej 8, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1990. x, 154p. Price: CHF 26.00.
The Oil Companies' European Organisation for Environmental and Health Protection
Catalogue of CONCAWE reports
This catalogue lists all reports published by CONCAWE that the organisation considers to be currently relevant (publication years range from 1970 to 1990). The 88 reports are grouped under the headings: air protection; automotive fuels and emissions; water and soil protection; oil pipelines; oil spill clean-up technology; petroleum products; health; noise; safety; general. The contents of each report are summarised in an abstract.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1030 Bruxelles, Belgium, Dec. 1990. 42p.
Workshop on petroleum products
Proceedings of a workshop on petroleum products held in Aronsborg, Sweden, 25-27 September 1990. Papers are grouped under the following headings: description and characterisation of petroleum products (health and environmental hazard assessment, relationship between chemical structure and toxicokinetics); toxicological aspects (the American Petroleum Institute toxicity testing program, human health aspects of exposure, risk assessment of petroleum products); ecotoxicological aspects (availability of data and test systems, evaluation and testing of offshore chemicals, assessing aquatic toxicity, characterisation of fluids used in the metalworking and engineering industries, risk evaluation scheme for North Sea oil discharges); possibilities for international control (chemical substances regulations, screening and assessment, priority setting).
Swedish National Chemicals Inspectorate (KEMI), PO Box 1384, 171 27 Solna, Sweden, 1990. 149p.
Minimising dioxin emissions into the environment is urgently needed in order to reduce dioxin levels
Eintragsminimierung zur Reduzierung der Dioxinbelastung dringend erforderlich [in German]
The Federal Bureau of Health and the Environmenal Protection Agency of Germany have prepared a report on measures to reduce dioxin emissions. Excerpts of the recommended measures are presented. They address: reduction of dioxin emissions from waste incineration, smelting and metalworking plants as well as the pulp and paper industry; prohibition of the use of brominated and chlorinated plastics in flammable equipment; prohibition of any increase in existing dioxin pollution of the soil.
Bundesgesundheitsblatt, 1990, No.8, p.350-354.
Handling, treatment and disposal of hazardous wastes
These UNEP guidelines provide a general definition of hazardous wastes and outline considerations for the development of waste management strategies which minimise adverse effects. Objectives of hazardous waste management are discussed along with the need for an appropriate institutional framework. A chapter on physical management discusses "cradle-to-grave" management of waste, waste identification, handling and storage, and treatment and disposal techniques. Regulatory activities are outlined with reference to the establishment of a central agency to act as a clearing house for information and a regulating body for waste management.
United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, Kenya, 1990. 36p.
Cahill L.B., Kane R.W.
This manual provides guidance on conducting an environmental audit as a means of ensuring compliance with environmental regulations and to identify any environmental management deficiencies. Topics covered include: government policy and legal issues; elements of a successful programme; review of some typical programmes; training of auditors; information management; programme management; pre-audit and on-site activities; typical problems faced by auditors; report writing and follow-up; special audits (property transfer audits, waste contractor audits, management audits and international audits).
Government Institutes Inc., 4 Research Place, Suite 200, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA, 6th ed., 1989. xiv, 559p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Indoor air pollution control
Contents of this manual: problem definition (personal pollution exposures, sick building syndrome, levels of exposure to specific contaminants and possible health effects); source control of inorganic contaminants (asbestos, combustion-generated pollutants, radon), organic contaminants (formaldehyde, volatile organic compounds, pesticides) and biogenic particles (allergies and asthma, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, Legionnaires' diseases, moisture control); ventilation for contaminant control; air cleaning; policy and regulatory considerations; air quality diagnostics; mitigation practice.
Lewis Publishers, Inc., 121 South Main Street, Chelsea, Michigan 48118, USA, 1989. xiii, 401p. Illus. Index. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 64.00.
Ordinance on substances: guidelines for autonomous control [Switzerland]
Ordonnance sur les substances: Instructions pour le contrôle autonome [in French]
Anybody producing or importing chemicals or goods containing chemicals are requested by the Swiss ordinance on substances dangerous for the environment (CIS 90-370) to establish for themselves whether these substances are compatible with the environment. Contents: description and distribution of tasks, evaluation principles of the compatibility with environment (design, determining factor for the environment, hazard evaluation, report on the compatibility with the environment); autonomous control of substances (new and existing); autonomous control of products and objects. Appendices: definitions, labels, technical safety data sheets, disposal, additional information on determining factors for the environment.
Service de documentation, Office fédéral de l'environnement, des forêts et du paysage, 3003 Berne, Switzerland, Apr. 1989. 135p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Comparison of different models for environmental hazard classification of chemicals
Three basic schemes or models currently discussed in the Nordic countries and the EEC were selected for comparison. All models reflect the properties of chemical substances with regard to toxicity, bioaccumulation potential and biodegradability. With the addition of modifications, a total of 18 models were compared in the classification of 121 chemical substances. The different models were found to arrive at surprisingly different numbers of substances classified as posing a potential hazard to the environment. It was concluded that changes in the threshold value on aquatic toxicity and differences in how the data on toxicity, bioaccumulation and biodegradation are combined were of vital importance to the results.
Swedish National Chemicals Inspectorate, P.O. Box 1384, 171 27 Solna, Sweden, 1989. 67p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Discharging to atmosphere from laboratory-scale processes
Contents: introduction (choice of duct materials, dispersal of effluents; proper design of fume cupboards; use of filters, scrubbers and washdowns for reducing harmful effluents; airflow sensors; dampers; multiple systems used for fume extraction; terminals (at the top of discharge stacks); meteorological effects; fume dispersal in the atmosphere.
H and H Scientific Consultants Ltd., P.O. Box MT27, Leeds LS17 8QP, United Kingdom, 1989. 59p. Illus. 68 ref. Price: GBP 10.50, USD 23.00, CAD 28.00.
International conference on municipal waste combustion
Proceedings of the International Conference on Municipal Waste Combusion, held in Hollywood, Florida, USA, 11-14 April 1989. Topics covered: legislative activities in Europe, Canada and USA; planning and plant maintenance for municipal waste combustion (MWC); ash characterisation and leaching; risk and health effects; MWC performance and experiences in some US facilities; ash treatment, utilisation and disposal; sampling and analysis of ash and stack emissions; combustion technology; economic and social issues; flue gas cleaning; materials recovery and recycling; quality assurance and control.
Ministry of Supply and Services, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 1989. Vol.1: 714p. Vol.2: 799p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
International Social Security Association, International Section for the Prevention of Occupational Accidents and Diseases in the Chemical Industry
Limiting risks in chemistry (occupational safety - environmental protection)
Réduction des risques chimiques (sécurité du travail - protection de l'environnement) [in French]
Presented papers and transcripts of discussions at the 13th International Symposium on the Prevention of Occupational Risks in the Chemical Industry, Budapest, Hungary, 29-31 Aug. 1989. Each paper is printed in the language in which it was given, with an abstract in English, French and German. The 31 papers are grouped under the thematic headings "Safe handling of substances hazardous to health", "Protective measures" and "Interrelationship between occupational safety and environmental protection".
Berufsgenossenschaft der chemischen Industrie, Gaisbergstrasse 11, W-6900 Heidelberg 1, Germany, 1989. 787p. Illus. Price: DEM 85.00.
Lead - Environmental aspects
Conclusions reached by the report on the ecological effects of lead: Most work on plant tolerance to lead has concentrated on plants growing on mining wastes, naturally highly contaminated areas, and roadside verges. Tolerance has only been found in populations of a few plant species. No effect on the reproduction of birds nesting near highways has been observed. Toxic effects have been observed in pigeons in urban areas, the kidneys being most frequently affected. Lead poisoning, due to the ingestion of lead shot, is a cause of death for large numbers of birds. A recurring incident of massive bird kills in estuaries near to industrial plants manufacturing leaded "anti-knock" compounds has been reported. The total lead content of the livers was sufficiently high to cause mortalities: lead was mostly present in the alkyl form.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1989. 106p. Bibl. Price: CHF 13.00.
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) - environmental aspects
Conclusions of this study on the ecological effects of 2,4-D: No direct toxic effects, acute or long-term, of 2,4-D applications under field conditions on any animals species have been observed thus far. There are inevitably, indirect effects resulting from the intended selective herbicidal properties of the compound. These effects would result from the use of any herbicide or from other methods of land management. There will, therefore, be effects for mammals, birds, and insects because of food deprivation, modification of habitat, requirements for nesting, shelter, etc. The application of 2,4-D appears to be less hazardous to the beneficial epigeal arthropod community than physical cultivation.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1989. 92p. Bibl. Price: CHF 12.00.
DDT and its derivatives - Environmental aspects
Conclusions reached by this study on the ecological effects of DDT: DDT is highly toxic to aquatic microorganisms and aquatic invertebrates, fish, amphibians, birds and some mammals such as bats. This DDT and its metabolites should be regarded as a major environmental hazard.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1989. 98p. Illus. Bibl. Price: CHF 13.00.
Mercury - Environmental aspects
Aspects covered in this criteria document: physicochemical properties; sources of mercury in the environment; uptake, loss and accumulation in organisms; toxicity to microorganisms, aquatic and terrestrial organisms; effects of mercury in the field; evaluation (marine, freshwater and terrestrial environment).
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1989. 115p. Bibl. Price: CHF 14.00.
Occupational safety and health in quarries
Ohrana truda na kar'erah [in Russian]
Contents of this training manual written for vocational training school students: general aspects; fundamentals of Soviet OSH legislation; OSH organisation; occupational injuries and diseases; general requirements for the protection of workers and environment at the stage of quarry design and operation; workplace climate and microclimate; noxious dust and gas control; workplace lighting; radiation protection; safety of the main processes; safety of the pressure vessels and systems, hoisting and lifting equipment and repair work; electrical safety; fire safety; flood and snow-drift control; mine rescue fundamentals.
Izdatel'stvo Nedra, pl. Belorusskogo vokzala 3, 125047 Moskva, USSR, 1988. 197p. Illus. 14 ref. Price: SUR 0.30.
Krause G., Maciejewski J.
Regulations on flammable water-polluting liquids
Vorschriften für brennbare wassergefährdende Flüssigkeiten [in German]
All flammable liquids are water pollutants as well. Efforts made in the Federal Republic of Germany to harmonise laws and regulations on fire and explosion protection as well as water pollution in respect of these liquids are discussed, together with their limiting factors.
TÜ, Oct. 1988, Vol.29, No.10, p.337-339. Illus.
Conditions for joint compliance with occupational hygiene and environmental requirements of industrial ventilation systems
Ipari szellőzőberendezések iránt támasztott munkavédelmi és környezetvédelmi követelmények együttes kielégitésének feltételei [in Hungarian]
Mathematical treatment of the problem of simultaneous compliance with environmental and occupational limitations on atmospheric contaminants. The Hungarian MAC and 24hr TWA values are given for 18 harmful substances and substance groups. Complex formulae are developed, to be used in the evaluation of the appropriateness of specific ventilation systems for given workplaces.
Munkavédelem, munka- és üzemegészségügy, 1988, Vol.34, No.4-6, p.118-125. Illus. 6 ref.
Development of a device for the purification of exhaust gases
Razrabotka ustrojstva dlja obezvreživanija otrabotavših gazov [in Russian]
Description of a system for channeling exhaust from the motors of dump trucks through the walls of the body and into the load. Filtration of the gases through the load, as well as adsorption and chemical reaction of pollutants on the surface of the material, reduces carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxide levels by 20-40% under average conditions; in winter and under humid conditions, removal of nitrogen oxides is even more thorough.
Gornyj žurnal, Apr. 1988, No.4, p.57-59. Illus. 2 ref.
Dmitriev V.I., Ovčinnikov B.G.
Ecological safety of the burning of organochlorine wastes
Ėkologičeskaja bezopasnost' ognevogo obezvreživanija hlororganičeskih othodov [in Russian]
Tests on the pilot-plant scale showed that concentrations of toxic pollutants in the combustion products are low when chlorine-containing organic wastes are burned under correct conditions. Residual pollutants in the exhaust gas (chlorine, hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, phosgene) can be removed in scrubbers with dilute alkali.
Himičeskaja promyšlennost', 1988, No.3, p.17-19. 12 ref.
Kuliš O.N., Ohotskij S.M.
Use of a homogeneous method for the removal of nitrogen oxides from industrial effluents
Primenenie metoda gomogennoj očistki promyšlennyh vybrosov ot oksidov azota [in Russian]
Nitrogen oxides (up to 1g/m3) are formed during the burning of waste gas from ammonia plants. 90-95% of the nitrogen oxides can be eliminated by injecting a mixture of ammonia and water into the stream of combustion products. The ammonia reacts with nitrogen oxides to give nitrogen and water. Residual ammonia in the exhaust gas amounts to only 0-10mg/m3.
Himičeskaja promyšlennost', 1988, No.1, p.36-37. Illus. 1 ref.
The use of foam for vapor mitigation
Guide on the choice and use of extinguishing foams for the suppression of vapours evolving from spills of organic, acidic or basic materials.
Fire Command, Apr. 1988, Vol.55, No.4, p.18-20. Illus.
Cruces Blanco C.
Application of advanced techniques in spectrofluorometric analysis - Determination of phytohormones, pesticides and their metabolites in the ecosystem
Aplicación de técnicas avanzadas en análisis espectrofluorimétricos - Determinación de fitohormonas, plaguicidas y sus metabolitos en el medio ambiente [in Spanish]
Investigation of analytical problems that arise during the evaluation of the environmental effects of pesticides. Special attention is given to the application of certain analytical methods to a wide variety of matrices (biological fluids, ground soil, reservoir water, vegetables and fruits), in order to demonstrate the utility of the luminescence techniques as important tools for control and routine laboratory analysis.
Mapfre seguridad, 3rd Quarter 1987, Vol.7, No.27, p.35-46. Illus. 56 ref.
Hanna S.R., Drivas P.J.
Guidelines for use of vapor cloud dispersion models
This book is intended to prevent releases of hazardous or toxic materials and to minimise the effects of such releases when they do occur. Discussed are: overview of release scenarios and modelling procedures; input data required for modelling (source, meteorological and receptor data, site information); source emission models (physical and chemical principles, review of procedures used by specific models for predicting source emission rates); transport and dispersion models (physical principles, procedures used by specific models for transport and dispersion); model evaluation experience and uncertainty estimates (summary of data sets, examples of model evaluations, uncertainties); research needs. Modeller's responses to questionnaires and examples of hazardous chemical release scenarios are included.
American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017, USA, 1987. 177p. Illus. 223 ref. Index.
Hanna S.R., Drivas P.J.
Guidelines for vapour cloud dispersion models
This overview is intended for the beginner, the expert and the chemical process manager. Sections cover: overview of release scenarios and modelling procedures; input data required for modelling; source emission models (physical and chemical principles, procedures used by specific models for predicting source emission rates); transport and dispersion models; model evaluation experience and uncertainty estimates; research needs.
American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017, USA, 1987. 176p. Illus. Bibl.
Esposito M.P., McArdle J.L., Crone A.H., Greber J.S., Clark R., Brown S., Hallowell J.B., Langham A., McCandlish C.D.
Decontamination techniques for buildings, structures and equipment
This handbook was developed to assist headquarters and regional personnel of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in planning the restoration of sites with contaminated buildings, structures and/or equipment in accordance with a national programme of environmental clean-up. It describes methods of decontaminating buildings and structures (mostly at hazardous waste sites) and removal equipment (such as drum grapplers or bulldozers). Types of contaminants considered include asbestos, acids, alkalis, dioxins, explosives, heavy metals, cyanides, low-level radiation, organic solvents, pesticides and PNBs. A complete decontamination strategy is presented, together with 21 specific decontamination methods. There is a chapter on worker health and safety (training, medical surveillance, personal protective equipment, site safety plan). Appendices contain surveys of specific decontamination sites in the USA, information on sampling methods (wet-wipe tests, counting asbestos fibres in air, sump sampling), cost analysis methods, and 8 case studies (one of which from Seveso, Italy).
Noyes Data Corporation, Mill Road, Park Ridge, NJ 07656, USA, 1987. 252p. Illus. Bibl. Price: US$36.00.
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