ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Français | Español
view in a printer-friendly format »

Pollution control - 464 entries found

Your search criteria are

  • Pollution control

1994

CIS 95-2201 The textile industry and the environment
This report provides guidance on measures to prevent pollution and save raw materials in the textile industry through a cleaner production approach. Contents: overview of textile wet processing operations; environmental impact of the textile industry (air and water pollution); cleaner production techniques and processes (optimization of chemical usage, modification of processes and equipment); end-of-pipe treatment (liquid effluent treatment, control of air emissions); policy, management and legal framework. Glossary.
United Nations Environment Programme, Industry and Environment, Tour Mirabeau, 39-43 quai André-Citroën, 75739 Paris Cedex 15, France, 1994. 120p. 66 ref. Price: FRF 175.00, USD 35.00.

CIS 95-2277 Lavoie J., Lazure L.
Guide to the prevention of microbial proliferation in ventilation systems
Guide de prévention contre la prolifération microbienne dans les systèmes de ventilation [in French]
Contents of this safety guide aimed at designers of ventilation systems and at all those potentially affected by the biological contamination of such systems: microorganisms in general (viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, antigens); air treatment systems (air conditioning system components and processes); biological contaminants of system components; inspection procedures (visual methods and biological sampling); maintenance and cleaning; preventive measures and legislation applicable to various components of ventilation systems. In annex: diagrammatic presentation of biological contamination of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems; sample estimate form for the cleaning of ventilation ducts; sample check-list for the inspection of ventilation systems.
IRSST - Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail au Québec, Direction des communications, 505, Blvd. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montréal, Québec H3A 3C2, Canada, Oct. 1994. 1 loose-leaf binder. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CAD 25.00.

CIS 95-1668 Lisella F.S.
The VNR dictionary of environmental health and safety
Unilingual dictionary of more than 7000 terms in common use in the field of environmental health and safety. The areas of biosafety, environmental law, epidemiology, refuse and sewage disposal, hazardous-material control, industrial hygiene and radiation safety are well covered. Each term is accompanied by a detailed definition. References to related terms are supplied throughout. In appendices: list of acronyms; list of hazardous chemicals, with CAS numbers.
Van Nostrand Reinhold, 115 Fifth Avenue, New York N.Y. 10003, USA, 1994. xvi, 356p. 220 ref. (approx.) Price: USD 37.50.

CIS 95-1054 Risk reduction monograph No.5: Cadmium - Background and national experience with reducing risk
World production of cadmium in 1993, excluding economies in transition, was about 15,000 tonnes. It is an unavoidable by-product of zinc production. Most (60%) is used in rechargeable dry cells, followed by paints, pigments and alloys. Its primary chronic effect is kidney damage, although it is classified as a probable human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Of the 25 OECD countries surveyed, 13 have workplace exposure limits. Measures to reduce or ban the use of cadmium in products vary greatly among the countries.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Environment Directorate, Environmental Health and Safety Division, 2 rue André-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France, 1994. 195p. Illus. 120 ref. Gratis.

CIS 95-1053 Risk reduction monograph No.4: Mercury - Background and national experience with reducing risk
World production of mercury has been falling for 20 years, falling below 4000 tonnes in 1991. It is used in the electrolysis of salt to chlorine and sodium hydroxide, in batteries and other electrical equipment, in paints, in tooth fillings and in thermometers and other laboratory equipment. It may be released in industrial activities and in waste disposal, as well as in natural processes. Mercury and many of its compounds attack the central nervous system and the kidney. All OECD member countries regulate it, and some have banned most uses. Summary in French.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Environment Directorate, Environmental Health and Safety Division, 2 rue André-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France, 1994. 159p. Illus. 138 ref. Gratis.

CIS 95-1052 Risk reduction monograph No.3: Selected brominated flame retardants - Background and national experience with reducing risk
World demand for brominated flame retardants (BFRs) is estimated to be 150,000 tonnes per year. Although over 30 brominated chemicals are used as flame retardants, the most widely used are tetrabromobisphenol A and brominated diphenyl oxides. BFRs are stable and non-volatile, and can accumulate in soil, sediment and the tissues of animals. Polybrominated biphenyls are banned or restricted in several countries, and possible emission of dioxins and furans from the burning of BFRs is closely monitored. Alternative halogenated or non-halogenated flame retardants exist for some applications. Summary in French.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Environment Directorate, Environmental Health and Safety Division, 2 rue André-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France, 1994. 152p. Illus. 55 ref. Gratis.

CIS 95-1051 Risk reduction monograph No.2: Methylene chloride - Background and national experience with reducing risk
World production of methylene chloride (dichloromethane) in 1991 was estimated to be 437,000 tonnes. Its use in Western Europe is decreasing. It is used as a: component of paint and varnish strippers and of adhesives; solvent in aerosol formulations; extractant, degreasing and process solvent in several industries; blowing agent in polyurethane foam production. It does not accumulate in the environment. The main route of human exposure is inhalation, sometimes accompanied by skin and eye contact. It is a central nervous system depressant. It is carcinogenic in the mouse, but not in other species tested. Only some of the 15 countries surveyed have taken measures to regulate its use. It can be replaced by other products in some processes. Summary in French.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Environment Directorate, Environmental Health and Safety Division, 2 rue André-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France, 1994. 123p. Illus. 124 ref. Gratis.

CIS 95-1040
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Hexachlorobenzene
Hexachlorobenzene has been known to cause mass intoxication following food contamination. Intoxication is manifested by the occurrence of porphyria cutanea tarda and by enlargement of the liver, thyroid gland and lymph nodes and porphyrinuria; prolonged effects of intoxication may be evident many years after exposure.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xx, 257p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 102.00.

CIS 95-1039
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
N-Phenyl-1-naphthylamine
The slight irritant effect of N-phenyl-1-naphthylamine (PAN) observed in animals is not seen in humans; contact dermatitis patients react positively to PAN in patch tests. An increased tumour incidence was observed in a study of workers exposed to PAN and other substances, but this increase could not be attributed to exposure to PAN alone. Available studies do not allow an evaluation of toxicity after repeated administration.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xvii, 68p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

CIS 95-1038
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
2,3-Dichlorophenol. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol
No data are available on human exposure to 2,3-dichlorophenol (Report 110) and limited information is available from animal studies; it has a slight-to-moderate acute oral toxicity and is probably strongly irritating; no genotoxic effects have been observed. Trichlorophenol (Report 111) causes erythema and oedema at the site of application and chronic contact causes mild chemical burns; eye irritation and corneal damage have also been reported; animal studies indicate that the acute oral toxicity is slight and the substance is probably non-genotoxic.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xi, 85p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 72.00.

CIS 95-1037
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Diethyl phthalate
Studies indicate that diethyl phthalate does not cause any irritation or symptoms of intoxication on repeated contact with workers' skin, but it does cause a temporary irritation of mucous membranes; it is probably not sensitizing. Systemic effects in experimental animals are not very pronounced, the target organ being the liver; long-term studies of carcinogenicity are not available.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xviii, 131p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 72.00.

CIS 95-1036
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
1,3-Dinitrobenzene
m-Dinitrobenzene is rapidly absorbed following inhalation or dermal or oral exposure. Main symptoms of mild acute poisoning are hypoxia and gastrointestinal disturbances. Severe poisoning causes icterus and symptoms associated with methaemoglobinaemia. Chronic poisoning leads to hypoxia, icterus and disturbances of vision. Animal studies indicate that m-dinitrobenzene is very toxic; mutagenic and antifertility effects have been observed; no studies of carcinogenicity are available.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xv, 87p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 72.00.

CIS 95-1035
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Tetrahydronaphthalene
Tetrahydronaphthalene causes green discolouration of the urine in humans along with liver and kidney damage and general ill health. It also leads to skin and mucous membrane irritation. Animal studies indicate a low acute toxicity; no mutagenic effects have been observed; no studies on carcinogenicity, reproduction toxicity or immunotoxicity are available.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xvi, 85p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

CIS 95-1034
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Crotonaldehyde
Crotonaldehyde causes irritation of the mucous membranes in humans. In a study of workers occupationally exposed to various alcohols and aldehydes, including crotonaldehyde, an increased incidence of carcinomas, particularly of the mouth and bronchia, was observed. Animal experiments indicate that the substance has a high acute toxicity and is strongly irritating; cytotoxic and mutagenic effects have been observed.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xvii, 132p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 72.00.

CIS 95-1033
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Ethylene glycol
There are numerous reports of ethylene glycol poisoning in humans in which the kidneys proved to be the target organ; neurotoxic and cardiopulmonary effects have also been observed following poisoning. The substance has a strong irritative effect. Animal studies indicate that ethylene glycol has a low acute toxicity; general symptoms are depression of the central nervous system and kidney damage; no mutagenic or carcinogenic effects have been observed; embryotoxic and teratogenic effects have been demonstrated at very high doses.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xvii, 139p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 88.00.

CIS 95-1032
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Adipic acid. Terephthalic acid. Acetic anhydride
Animal experiments indicate that the acute toxicity of adipic acid (Report 68), terephthalic acid (Report 69) and acetic anhydride (Report 70) is low. Animal studies on adipic acid have failed to give any indication of carcinogenic, mutagenic or teratogenic effects; there is one report of two workers developing bronchial asthma following contact with spiramycin adipate. In contact with skin or eyes, acetic anhydride can cause irritation, severe burns and skin sensitization; exposure at the workplace has been observed to cause lacrimation, conjunctivitis and corneal corrosion.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. 124p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

CIS 95-1031 Wastes and their treatment - Information sources
This directory lists organizational sources of information on wastes and their treatment. Organizations are listed by geographical area and include the following details: contact name and address; brief description of activities; working language; geographical coverage; type of organization; terms of access. A subject index is included. Also provided is an international annotated bibliography on industrial wastes classified into 12 major themes with an author and subject index. An introductory chapter outlines the problems of hazardous waste management and the activities of UNEP and INFOTERRA.
INFOTERRA Programme Activity Centre, The Global Environmental Information Exchange Network, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), P.O. Box 30552, Nairobi, Kenya, 1994. xvi, 1152p. Index.

CIS 95-870 Resource guide on training and technical assistance activities of international organizations related to the environmentally sound management of chemicals
This resource guide provides information on activities related to the environmentally sound management of chemicals conducted by the ILO, WHO, UNEP and UNITAR in the early 1990s. Details are provided of organizational structure, major programmes, training, technical assistance activities and technical support materials/services. Contact points and addresses are also provided.
United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), Palais des Nations, 1211 Genève 10, Switzerland, 1st ed., Apr. 1994. 197p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 95-1061 State of the environment in Austria
This report describes the current state of the environment in Austria and measures taken to protect it. Topics covered: air quality; water resources and water quality control; soil; forests; nature and landscape; chemicals (provision of information on hazardous chemicals, bans and restrictions); pesticides; waste; noise; energy; radioactivity control; gene technology and biotechnology. Obligations arising from international agreements are also outlined.
Federal Environmental Agency, Spittelauer Lände 5, 1090 Wien, Austria, 1994. xvii, 168p. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 95-691 Tsai-Koester L.H.
Harmonization of Environmental Measurement (HEM)
A survey of environmental monitoring and information management programmes
This survey provides details of 130 programmes concerned with environmental monitoring and assessment. There are three parts: environmental monitoring and research programmes; data and information system programmes; and harmonization and standardization activities. Data provided for each entry includes name and address of organization, contact name, details of the activities undertaken and data and information management.
GSF Research Centre for Environment and Health, Neuherberg, Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Oberschleissheim, Germany, 3rd ed., Aug. 1994. iv, 360p. 17 ref. Index.

CIS 95-675
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
1,2-Propylene oxide
Irritation of the skin and eyes and in some instances eczema have been described on direct exposure to propylene oxide; skin sensitization has also been reported. Human intoxication has been observed after 10 minutes exposure at 1500ppm. Chromosome aberrations have been reported in some workers exposed to propylene oxide and other substances. Propylene oxide is carcinogenic in experimental animals.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xvii, 122p. approx. 270 ref. Price: DEM 88.00.

CIS 95-674
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
N,N-Dimethylformamide
Dimethylformamide (DMF) is readily absorbed orally, dermally and by inhalation. The main effects are hepatotoxic effects following both acute and chronic exposure. Other effects include irritation of the skin and mucous membranes, skin sensitization, eczema, neurotoxic effects, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal complaints and damage to the kidneys and other organs. DMF also leads to synergistic effects with alcohol or to alcohol intolerance reactions. Embryotoxic and teratogenic effects have been observed in experimental animals and there are reports of increased chromosome aberrations in humans. Reports of a possible relationship between cancer and DMF exposure have not been confirmed.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xiii, 84p. 188 ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

CIS 95-610 CONCAWE Review 3:2
Topics covered in this review of the activities of CONCAWE: brief review of current work concerning air quality, waste management, health and product safety and safety management; air quality developments in the European Union; 1992 sulfur survey of European refineries; assessment of emissions of volatile organic compounds; motor fuels and vehicle emissions; environmental quality standards; classification of products as carcinogens.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1030 Bruxelles, Belgium, Vol.3, No.2, Oct. 1994. 24p. Illus.

CIS 95-645 Bach F.W.
Flame cutting under water reduces pollutant emission
Autogenes Brennschneiden unter Wasser reduziert Schadstoffemissionen [in German]
Gas cutting units were modified for use under water. The cutting speed, quality, noise and pollutant emissions of underwater gas cutting were compared with conventional gas cutting units. Several types of sheet metal and metal plate (10-130mm in thickness) were used in the investigations. While the high quality of conventional gas cutting was maintained, the noise emission was reduced by 27% to 64dB(A). The dust emissions were reduced by factors ranging from 150 to 850. The emissions of ozone and nitrogen oxides were lowered to levels below the maximum allowable exposure limits of 0.1 and 5ppm.
Maschinenmarkt, Oct. 1994, No.0, special number "Aufbruch 95", p.64-66, 69. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 95-248
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Environmental aspects of industrial wood preservation. A technical guide
This guide provides practical guidelines for safer practices in industrial wood preservation. Contents: the need for wood preservation; wood preservatives and industrial methods of treatment; chemical toxicity and potential impacts (human health and environmental hazards, sources of exposure, risk assessment); site design and operation for environmental and health protection; environmental management; safe use of treated timber; regulatory framework.
UNEP Industry and Environment Programme Activity Centre, Tour Mirabeau, 39-43 quai André Citroën, 75739 Paris Cedex 15, France, 1994. v, 105p. Illus. 62 ref.

CIS 94-2028
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Trichloroethene
A number of cases of acute occupational intoxication have been reported following exposure to trichloroethene (trichloroethylene); effects include unconsciousness, respiratory symptoms and neurotoxic, hepatic and cardiac effects. Other studies report cases of cardiac arrhythmia and liver and kidney damage. Impaired psychophysiological performance has been observed during human exposure experiments, and skin tests indicate an erythema-forming effect. Carcinogenic effects have been observed in experimental animals.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xix, 342p. approx. 670 ref.

CIS 94-2027
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Butylated hydroxytoluene (2,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methylphenol)
Only a few studies are available on the sensitizing effects of butylated hydroxytoluene (2,6-di-tert-butyl-p-cresol) in humans. In one study it is described as mildly irritating to the skin and moderately sensitizing in human patch tests; contact dermatitis and allergic reactions have also been reported. Animal studies indicate that the substance affects the lungs, liver, kidneys and thyroid gland; contradictory results are available on carcinogenicity, mutagenicity and reproduction disturbances.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xv, 116p. 197 ref.

CIS 94-2026
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Tributyltin oxide (bis-[tri-n-butyltin]-oxide)
Skin contact with tributyltin compounds including tributyltin oxide causes pain and skin lesions; cases of contact dermatitis have also been reported. There are reports of irritation of the eyes and respiratory tract of persons working with tributyltin oxide present in the form of an aerosol. No adverse systemic effects of tributyltin compounds have been reported.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xiv, 82p. 137 ref.

CIS 94-1879 Tough acts to follow
Videocassette on the establishment of an Environmental Management System (EMS) in businesses, in order for them to satisfy current legislative requirements and to keep in step with increasing environmental awareness. The development of EMS is presented as a set of 8 major components: policy, planning, action, audit, report, register, record and review. Principal environmental topics covered include: land, air and water contamination; traffic fumes; energy conservation; waste minimization. A free action guide entitled Earth Ltd. accompanies the video.
Shot in the Dark, Freepost HF2219, St. James Centre, Huddersfield Rd., Brighthouse HD6 1QY, United Kingdom, 1994. Videotape (15min) + Booklet (150p.). Price: GBP 98.00 + VAT (no rental).

CIS 94-1691 Canadian Environmental Protection Act: Priority Substances List Assessment Report - Aniline
This report reviews environmental and toxicological data on aniline. Acute exposure to high concentrations of aniline produces a number of adverse effects including arrhythmia, convulsions, coma and death primarily from the development of hypoxia caused by methaemoglobinaemia. Haematotoxicity, renal toxicity and hepatotoxicity have also been observed. Epidemiological investigations are limited to studies in which workers were exposed to mixtures of aniline and other compounds. Aniline has been classified as possibly carcinogenic in humans.
Environmental Health Centre, Health Canada, Room 104, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0L2, Canada, 1994. v, 30p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 94-1681 Canadian Environmental Protection Act: Priority Substances List Assessment Report - Waste crankcase oils
This report reviews the literature on the composition of waste crankcase oils (WCOs), the means by which they enter the environment, their fate and concentration and their effects on the environment. Seven sources of WCOs are investigated: re-refining; burning as fuel; road oiling as a dust suppressant; landfilling; land disposal; sewer disposal; spills to the environment. There is insufficient information to determine whether WCOs are entering the environment in a quantity or under conditions that have a harmful effect on the environment.
Environmental Health Centre, Health and Welfare Canada, Room 104, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0L2, Canada, 1994. viii, 39p. 115 ref.

CIS 94-1679
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
N,N-Diphenylguanidine
Early studies describe the following symptoms after workplace exposures to diphenylguanidine (DPG): eye and mucous membrane irritation, gastric and bilious complaints and disturbed liver metabolism. For persons with contact dermatitis, patch tests are occasionally positive, indicating a possible sensitizing effect.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1994. xvi, 90p. 176 ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

1993

CIS 97-14
Ministérios da Indústria e Energia, da Saúde e do Ambiente e Recursos Naturais
Order No.1049/93 of 19 October on the prevention of water pollution by asbestos [Portugal]
Portaria n°1049/93 de 19 de Outubro: prevenção da poluição das águas residuais provenientes do sector de actividade de amianto [in Portuguese]
Subject: prevention of water pollution by asbestos. Contents: scope; waste disposal; pollution control. Annex: analytical methods. Reference to Decree-Law No.74/90 of 7 March; Directive 87/217/EEC.
Diário da República, 19 Oct. 1993, Series I-B, No.245, p.5865-5867.

CIS 96-1430 Vincoli J.W.
Basic guide to environmental compliance
The first part of this guide provides an introduction to environmental compliance, the history of U.S. environmental policy, the structure and functions of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the regulatory process and environmental audits. Part two describes the requirements of the major environmental regulations, including the National Environmental Policy Act, the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act and the Toxic Substances Control Act. Other agencies and laws are also described. Glossary.
Van Nostrand Reinhold, 115 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003, USA, 2nd ed., 1993. xiii, 242p. 20 ref. Index. Price: GBP 32.00.

CIS 96-1080 Lavoie J.
Microbiological decontamination of ventilation systems
La décontamination microbienne des systèmes de ventilation [in French]
Contents of this article: origin of bioaerosols in indoor air; contribution of bioaerosols to indoor air quality; effects on health; decontamination techniques; case study of an industrial-scale laundry serving about 30 Quebec hospitals.
Objectif prévention, Winter 1993, Vol.16, No.4, p.30-32. 15 ref.

CIS 96-913
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Styrene (ethenylbenzene)
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in March 1980: the main effects of styrene reported in humans are irritation of the mucous membranes and disorders of the central nervous system. Styrene is metabolized to styrene-7,8-oxide, which has proved to be mutagenic and carcinogenic both in vitro and in animal experiments. Studies of industrial workers exposed to mixtures including styrene have revealed an increased incidence of leukaemia and lymphomas.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1993. xvii, 161p. 288 ref.

CIS 96-912
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Nitrotoluenes (methylnitrobenzenes)
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in April 1989: no reliable data are available on the effects of nitrotoluenes in humans; there are some reports of poisoning among workers exposed to mixtures of nitrotoluenes and other substances. Animal studies indicate that nitrotoluenes have a low level of acute toxicity; main effects are methaemoglobin formation and central nervous system depression. No reliable data are available on mutagenic or carcinogenic effects.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1993. xv, 104p. 146 ref.

CIS 96-911
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
N,N-Diethylaniline (N,N-diethylaminobenzene)
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in October 1989: no data are available on the effects of N,N-diethylaniline in humans. Animal studies indicate that it is a strong methaemoglobin-forming agent, with cyanosis being the predominant symptom of acute poisoning. It is a slight skin irritant.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1993. xi, 40p. 56 ref.

CIS 96-910
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Triethyl phosphate (phosphoric acid triethyl ester)
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in March 1989: no data are available on the effects of triethyl phosphate in humans. Animal studies indicate that the substance has a low acute toxicity; at high doses it affects mainly the central nervous system. The substance may cause eye irritation.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1993. xii, 60p. 106 ref.

CIS 96-909
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Benzenedicarbonitriles
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in December 1988: the main effects of phthalodinitrile (o-PDN) are on the central nervous system. The isomers isophthalodinitrile (m-PDN) and terephthalodinitrile (p-PDN) appear to be less toxic than o-PDN. Cases of acute human intoxication have been reported following dust inhalation and skin absorption; symptoms may be delayed for up to 48 hours after exposure. Reported effects include skin and mucous membrane irritation, nausea, unconsciousness and epileptoid convulsions.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1993. xii, 38p. 44 ref.

CIS 96-908
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine (3,3'-dichloro-biphenyl-4,4'-diyldiamine)
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in March 1989: dermal absorption is the principal route of uptake of 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine; occupational exposure has been monitored by determination of the substance in urine. Most frequent health effects include gastrointestinal problems, infections of the upper respiratory tract, caustic burns and allergic dermatitis. While genotoxic and carcinogenic effects have been observed in animals, epidemiological studies have so far provided no firm evidence of a carcinogenic effect in humans; the substance is classified as one which may cause cancer.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1993. xiii, 79p. 179 ref.

CIS 96-907
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in December 1987: 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene has a low acute toxicity. Very little data is available on the effects of the substance in humans. Mild irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract has been reported.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany 1993. xii, 90p. 200 ref.

CIS 96-906
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Chloromethane
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in November 1986: chloromethane causes depression of the central nervous system; in higher concentrations it can also affect the liver, kidneys, heart and the haemopoietic system. Numerous cases of poisoning due to chloromethane have been described. A small cohort study among chloromethane-exposed workers at a rubber factory gave no indication of an increased tumour rate.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1993. xiv, 55p. 177 ref.

CIS 96-905
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Dichloromethane
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in November 1986: the main effects of acute exposure to dichloromethane in humans are central nervous system depression and an increase in the carboxyhaemoglobin level in the blood; these affects are reversible. Chronic exposure also causes central nervous system depression. Carcinogenic effects have been observed in experimental animals, but there is no indication of carcinogenicity in humans.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1993. xiv, 82p. 334 ref.

CIS 95-686 Tsai-Köster L.H.
Earthwatch Global Environment Monitoring System
A survey of organizations working in the field of environment statistics and data
This survey is a joint project of the United Nations Statistical Division (UNSTAT) and the UNEP Harmonization of Environmental Measurement (HEM) Office. Details are provided for 136 organizations: United Nations organizations, intergovernmental, governmental, non-governmental and academic organizations and industrial or commercial organizations. Information provided for each one includes: title and acronym of organization; contact name and address; country in which the organization is based; organizational affiliation or form; work programme; main objectives; data sources; training facilities; publications.
GSF Research Centre for Environment and Health, Neuherberg Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Oberschleissheim, Germany, Dec. 1993. xviii, 328p.

CIS 95-261 Polycarboxylate polymers as used in detergents
This report reviews the available data on the toxicology and ecotoxicology of polycarboxylate polymers. Very little information is available on the effects of these substances in man. In skin tests on human volunteers, no evidence of irritation or sensitization was observed. Based on animal studies, it is concluded that exposure to polycarboxylates does not pose any particular hazard to humans.
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, 4 Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse (Bte.6), 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, Nov. 1993. iii, 49p. 110 ref.

CIS 94-1690 Canadian Environmental Protection Act: Priority Substances List Assessment Report - Xylenes
This report reviews environmental and toxicological data on o-, m- and p-xylene. Since epidemiological studies are limited to a few investigations of a small number of workers exposed to mixtures of compounds including xylenes, there are inadequate data available to assess the health risks of xylenes in humans. Animal studies indicate that xylenes are probably not carcinogenic in humans.
Environmental Health Centre, Health Canada, Room 104, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0L2, Canada, 1993. v, 32p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 94-1689 Canadian Environmental Protection Act: Priority Substances List Assessment Report - 3,5'-Dimethylaniline
This report reviews environmental and toxicological data on 3,5'-dimethylaniline. No data on the adverse effects of human exposure to this substance have been identified. Animal data are limited to values of the LD50 in rats and mice and the formation of methaemoglobin in cats.
Environmental Health Centre, Health Canada, Room 104, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0L2, Canada, 1993. v, 10p. 26 ref.

CIS 94-1688 Canadian Environmental Protection Act: Priority Substances List Assessment Report - Trichlorobenzenes
This report reviews environmental and toxicological data on the three isomers of trichlorobenzene (1,2,4-, 1,2,3- and 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene). No data on the effects of human exposure to trichlorobenzenes have been identified; results of animal studies are limited. All three isomers have been classified as having inadequate data for assessing carcinogenicity in man.
Environmental Health Centre, Health Canada, Room 104, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0L2, Canada, 1993. v, 39p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 94-1687 Canadian Environmental Protection Act: Priority Substances List Assessment Report - 1,4-Dichlorobenzene
This report reviews environmental and toxicological data on p-dichlorobenzene. Data on the adverse health effects of this substance in humans are limited. In one study of exposed workers, irritation of the eyes and nose was reported but there was no evidence of organic injury or haematological effects. Available data are inadequate to assess the carcinogenicity of p-dichlorobenzene in humans; on the basis of animal studies, it has been classified as possibly carcinogenic in humans.
Environmental Health Centre, Health Canada, Room 104, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0L2, Canada, 1993. v, 30p. 99 ref.

CIS 94-1686 Canadian Environmental Protection Act: Priority Substances List Assessment Report - 1,2-dichlorobenzene
This report reviews environmental and toxicological data on o-dichlorobenzene. Limited human data are available. Case reports of adverse effects associated with exposure to 1,2-dichlorobenzene or mixtures containing it are confined to haematological disorders, including anaemia and leukaemia. Available data are inadequate to assess the carcinogenicity of this substance in humans; on the basis of animal studies, it has been classified as probably not carcinogenic in man.
Environmental Health Centre, Health Canada, Room 104, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0L2, Canada, 1993. v, 27p. 97 ref.

< previous | 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 | next >