ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol
view in a printer-friendly format »

Pollution control - 464 entries found

Your search criteria are

  • Pollution control

1996

CIS 96-1793
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
4,4-Methylenedianiline
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in December 1993: 4,4-methylenedianiline is well absorbed through the skin. In humans it has a mainly hepato- and nephrotoxic effect; two studies describe degenerative changes of the retina and electrocardiographic changes. There are also reports of sensitization in humans. Animal studies indicate that the substance is carcinogenic; studies of genotoxicity showed mainly positive results.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xv, 125p. 346 ref. Price: DEM 72.00.

CIS 96-1792
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
p-Aminodiphenylamine
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in April 1993: 4-aminodiphenylamine can lead to primary skin irritation in humans. Several cases of dermal sensitization have been described, but the sensitizing potential of the substance does not appear to be very great. Animal studies indicate that it is of moderate acute toxicity; repeated exposure may cause methaemoglobin formation, effects on the red blood cells and functional liver disturbances. It may also have genotoxic and teratogenic effects.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xv, 69p. 118 ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

CIS 96-1791
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, chloromethane, o-nitroanisole, p-nitroanisole, m-/p-chloronitrobenzene, dinitrotoluene, diphenylamine, dibutylphthalate, chlorotoluene, N-ethylaniline, dioxane
This report contains supplementary data to 11 earlier BUA Reports: di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (BUA Report No. 4), chloromethane (BUA 7, see CIS 96-906), o-nitroanisole (1-methoxy-2-nitrobenzene) (BUA 9, CIS 94-636), p-nitroanisole (BUA 10, CIS 94-997), m-/p-chloronitrobenzene (BUA 11), dinitrotoluene (BUA 12), diphenylamine (BUA 15, CIS 95-572), dibutyl phthalate (BUA 22, CIS 94-998), chlorotoluene (BUA 38), N-ethylaniline (BUA 51) and dioxane (BUA 80). The supplements are translations of reports finalized between December 1992 and June 1993.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. 221p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 96.00.

CIS 96-1307 Kalaitzis D., et al.
Efficient environmental and safety management through the development of guidelines by enterprises
Effektives Umwelt- und Sicherheitsmanagement durch Erstellen von Betriebsanweisungen [in German]
This practical manual is aimed at safety engineers, top management, members of joint safety and health committees, and managers responsible for production, technology, quality control and environmental protection. It covers the responsibilities of enterprises and their managers for any environmental damage that may be attributed to them. It also explains how an effective environmental and safety management system can be set up. Details are provided on how safety instructions and codes of practice should be prepared. Finally, it shows how emergency plans should be drawn up.
Expert Verlag GmbH, Postfach 2020, 71268 Renningen, Germany, 1996. 132p. Illus. Index. Price: DEM 49.00.

CIS 96-1431 Reife A., Freeman H.S.
Environmental chemistry of dyes and pigments
This manual addresses the environmental problems posed by synthetic colorants. Contents: principles and applications of wastewater treatment methods (carbon adsorption of dyes, sodium borohydride dye reduction, ozonation, electrochemical technology, chemical pretreatment and aerobic-anaerobic degradation of textile wastewater, the combined activated carbon-activated sludge system); waste minimization and source reduction (reduction of textile wastewater, membrane filtration techniques, chemical removal of phosphate ions from disperse dye filtrates); mass spectrometry in the analysis of dyes in wastewater; U.S. and international regulatory issues.
John Wiley and Sons Ltd, Baffins lane, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 1UD, United Kingdom, 1996. xvi, 329p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 75.00.

CIS 96-1022 Screening models for releases of radionuclides to atmosphere, surface water and ground
This report provides a series of simple screening techniques which may be used to demonstrate compliance with environmental standards or other requirements for releases of radionuclides to the environment. The methods are designed primarily for facilities handling small quantities of radioactive materials released as point source emissions, but may be used by any facility releasing radionuclides. Conservative models and parameters are proposed. Glossary. Volume I presents the derivation of the models. Volume II contains work sheets and examples of screening calculations.
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 7910 Woodmont Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814-3095, USA, 1996. 2 vols. x, 316p and iii, 205p. Illus. 83 ref. Price: USD 75.00.

CIS 96-903
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Supplementary reports II - m-Dichlorobenzene; Bromomethane; 1,3,5-Trichlorobenzene; N,N-Diethylaniline; Styrene; Biphenyl; o/m-Chloroaniline; Nitrobenzene
This document comprises translations of supplementary reports, finalized between June 1993 and April 1994, relating to eight substances evaluated in earlier BUA reports. The new data relate mainly to the results of animal studies carried out following recommendations in the original reports. No human effects are reported.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xxiv, 157p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 96-902
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Monochloroacetic acid, sodium monochloroacetate
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in August 1993: monochloroacetic acid causes irritation, burning (with blister formation) and corrosion on contact with human skin; similar damage is to be expected on contact with the eyes. The substance is rapidly absorbed through the skin and, if a sufficiently large area of the skin is contaminated, can lead to breathing difficulties, convulsions, vomiting, shock and death.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xiii, 125p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 72.00.

CIS 96-901
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Existing chemicals of environmental relevance III - Priority setting and classified existing chemicals of the third priority list
This document, translation of a report finalized in June 1992, describes the German Chemical Society's procedure for the classification and priority setting of existing chemicals requiring toxicity evaluation and presents summary toxicity data for some 130 substances in the third priority list. The substances are arranged in four chemical groups: sulfonic acid compounds, phosphoric acid esters, acrylic acid and acrylic acid esters (acrylates), and methacrylic acid and methacrylic acid esters (methacrylates). Data relate to acute toxicity, irritation, sensitization, repeated dose toxicity, genotoxicity, carcinogenicity and reproductive toxicity.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. 119p. Price: DEM 72.00.

CIS 96-124 Moilanen T., Martin C.
Financial evaluation of environmental investments
This manual presents a methodology for evaluating the risk, returns and costs associated with various investment options for improving environmental performance. Investments are considered in the areas of research and development, product and process design, product marketability, and corporate image. The basic model and methodology are described along with existing models and approaches to investment analysis. Two case studies illustrate the use of the technique: a pilot plant for non-chlorine bleaching of pulp and an environmental improvement project on a chemical site in the United Kingdom.
Institution of Chemical Engineers, Davis Building, 165-189 Railway Terrace, Rugby, Warwickshire CV21 3HQ, United Kingdom, 1996. xii, 177p. Illus. 24 ref. Index. Price: GBP 38.00.

CIS 96-289
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Tetrachloroethylene
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in August 1993: acute intoxication by inhalation of tetrachloroethylene causes irritation of the mucosa, respiratory tract and eyes and depression of the central nervous system. Chronic exposure also causes effects on the central nervous system and there is some evidence of liver damage. Epidemiological data from studies of dry cleaning workers are presented. There is insufficient evidence for the carcinogenic potential or antifertility effects of tetrachloroethylene in humans.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xxiii, 351p. Bibl.ref. Price: 120.00.

CIS 96-286
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Chlorinated paraffins
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in June 1992: no epidemiological studies are available on the effects of chlorinated paraffins in humans. No cases of poisoning or contact allergies are known following occupational exposure; skin tests on human volunteers produced no symptoms of irritation or sensitization. Animal studies indicate that the acute toxicity of these compounds is low. In studies of chronic toxicity, the frequency and severity of toxic effects decreases with increasing chain length of the paraffins; target organs in mice and rats are the liver, kidneys and thyroid gland. Carcinogenic effects and reproductive toxicity have been observed in animals.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xxvi, 210p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 96.00.

1995

CIS 05-392 The flame retardants project - A collection of reports on some flame retardants and an updated ecotoxicological summary for tetrabromobisphenol A
This document contains a collection of reports on the toxicity and ecotoxicity of selected brominated flame retardants and an updated ecotoxicological summary for tetrabromobisphenol A. The properties and toxic effects of the following flame retardants are reviewed: decabromodiphenyl oxide; pentabromoethylbenzene, pentabromomethylbenzene, tetrabromobisphenol A, ammonium bromide, N,N'-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), hexabromocyclododecane, tetrabromophthalic anhydride. There are no data available on the effects of these flame retardants on humans.
Kemikalieinspektionen (KEMI), Box 1384, 171 27 Solna, Sweden, 1995. 83p. Ref.bibl.

CIS 02-1623
International Labour Office (ILO)
China in transition: Towards a better workplace and environment
This report was prepared following an ILO mission to China (27 October to 17 November 1994), undertaken at the request of the Chinese Government to review programmes on working conditions and environmental protection. The report recommends a number of priority actions for the implementation and improvement of OSH programmes, including: establishing a national tripartite advisory body on OSH; formulating more comprehensive OSH legislation; improving the mechanisms and capacity for the enforcement of OSH legislation; establishing a national system for classification, marking and labelling of chemicals; using chemical safety data sheets; developing and implementing special OSH programmes for the coal mining and constriction industries; strengthening the capacity of employers' and workers' organizations to support and assist their members in improving working conditions and the environment.
ILO East Asia Multidisciplinary Advisory Team (ILO/EASMAT), P.O. Box 2-349, Radjamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand, 1995. xii, 50p. 9 ref.

CIS 97-2010 Federal environmental regulations affecting the electronics industry
This document provides information on U.S. environmental regulations potentially affecting the electronics industry. The requirements cover those chemicals identified as being in use in the semiconductor manufacturing, printed wiring board manufacturing, semiconductor packaging, and display manufacturing industries.
Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M Street SW, Washington D.C. 20460, USA, Sep. 1995. v, 67p.

CIS 97-1896 Environmental cost accounting for capital budgeting: A benchmark survey of management accountants
This booklet seeks to provide business managers and government agencies with an understanding of how firms are integrating environmental cost considerations into decisions about environmental investments. The aim is to assist firms in comparing their practice with industry averages and in prioritizing improvements. For government agencies a profile is presented of environmental accounting for investments, which can help to target technical assistance and policy initiatives.
Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 401 M Street. S.W., Washington D.C. 20460, USA, 1995. 90p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 97-1520 Ladou J., Levy B.S.
International issues in occupational health
Topics covered in this special issue include: the global economy and occupational health; occupational health policy issues in developing countries; the migration of industrial hazards; information, communication and education; participatory approaches and epidemiology in occupational health research; collaboration between developed and developing countries; international control of occupational and environmental health hazards; international perspective on compensation for occupational diseases; international environmental auditing and site assessment; labour and the environment; the role of international organizations, multinational corporations, and international labour federations.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Apr./June 1995, Vol.1, No.2, p.76-222. (Special issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 96-2212 Hoffman D.J., Rattner B.A., Burton G.A., Cairns J.
Handbook of ecotoxicology
This book provides comprehensive information about the relatively new but rapidly expanding field of ecotoxicology, which may be defined as the science of predicting effects of potentially toxic agents on natural ecosystems and not target species. It contains 34 chapters written by more than 50 international experts. Divided into four major sections (Quantifying and measuring ecotoxicological effects; Contaminant sources and effects; Case histories and ecosystem surveys; Methods for making estimates and predictability in ecotoxicology), the book provides new concepts and methodology for many aquatic and terrestrial ecotoxicity test protocols. Other topics covered includes sediment and soil ecotoxicity, landscape indicators, biomonitoring and bioindicators. The role of deforestation and global warming, pathogens and disease in ecotoxicology, abiotic factors, urban runoff, predictive ecotoxicology, population modelling and restoration ecology is also discussed.
Lewis Publishers, CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Boulevard, N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA, 1995. x, 755p., Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 85.00.

CIS 96-1809 Krieger G.R.
Accident prevention manual for business and industry - Environmental management
Part 1 of this manual examines the historical, ethical and economic aspects of global environmental developments along with U.S. and international legislation, basic principles of environmental science, management of environmental resources, and environmental audits and site assessments. Part 2 covers the management of hazardous wastes (storage, disposal, transportation, air and water quality, health and safety training for hazardous waste activities, pollution prevention approaches and technologies). Part 3 covers public health issues, health risk assessment, indoor air quality and global issues. Includes case studies of environmental management activities in different industries.
National Safety Council, P.O. Box 558, Itasca, IL 60143-0558, USA, 1995. xv, 536p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 99.95.

CIS 96-1432 Landis W.G., Yu M.H.
Introduction to environmental toxicology - Impacts of chemicals upon ecological systems
Contents of this manual: a framework for environmental toxicology; introduction to toxicity testing; survey and review of typical toxicity test methods; routes of exposure and modes of action; factors modifying the activity of toxicants; inorganic gaseous pollutants; biotransformation, detoxification and biodegradation; measurement and evaluation of the ecological effects of toxicants; ecological risk assessment and environmental toxicology; text of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Ecological Risk Assessment Framework.
CRC Press Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, Florida 33431, USA, 1995. xiv, 328p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 24.95.

CIS 96-929 Ullmann's encyclopedia of industrial chemistry. Vol.B8. Environmental protection and industrial safety II
Continuation of the collection abstracted under CIS 93-953, 95-265, 95-693 and 96-297. Contents of this volume: wastewater treatment; raw materials and energy; products (toxicological properties, classification schemes, risk assessment and management); production-integrated environmental protection; plant and process safety (safety problems, hazardous substances, design and construction of safe plants, safe plant operation, hazard control); occupational health and safety (legal requirements, safety and health organization, occupational medicine); transport, handling and storage (dangerous goods, regulations and standards, packaging, bulk transport, pipelines); waste management.
VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, P.O. Box 10 11 61, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, rev.ed., 1995. xv, 770p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 625.00.

CIS 96-297 Ullmann's encyclopedia of industrial chemistry. Vol.B7. Environmental protection and industrial safety I
Continuation of the collection abstracted under CIS 93-953, 95-265 and 95-693. The two volumes devoted to environmental protection and industrial safety examine the relationship between chemical technology and the environment and workplace. Contents: ethics and industrial chemistry; ecology and ecotoxicology; human toxicology (metabolic processes of toxic substances, mechanisms of toxicity and chemical carcinogenesis, toxicological methods, evaluation of toxic effects); legal aspects (European, US and Japanese legislation); environmental management; noise and vibration (sources, measurement, effects on humans); causes, effects and control of air and soil pollution. Industrial safety issues are addressed in several articles.
VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, P.O. Box 10 11 61, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, rev.ed., 1995. xvii, 728p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 625.00.

CIS 96-312
Health and Safety Executive
The control of fire-water run-off from CIMAH sites to prevent environmental damage
This guidance note provides advice to operators of sites subject to the Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations 1984 (CIMAH) (see CIS 89-1436). It concerns measures for the control of fire-water which may have been contaminated with chemicals stored at the site. Fire precautions are outlined along with emergency planning and environmental hazard identification, containment of fire-water run-off (lagoons and lakes, bunded areas, temporary containment), and alternatives to containment (controlled burning). An appendix summarizes legal requirements.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. 8p. 14 ref. Price: GBP 4.00.

CIS 96-288
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Phenylhydrazine
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in October 1993: acute phenylhydrazine intoxication in humans causes methaemoglobinaemia, cyanosis and haemolysis; severe intoxication results in changes to the pupils, motor unrest and convulsions. Phenylhydrazine vapour is highly irritating (dry cough). The substance is readily absorbed through undamaged skin and is a skin irritant. All clinical symptoms are reversible. There is evidence of a sensitizing effect. Carcinogenic effects have been observed in experimental animals.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xv, 112p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 72.00.

CIS 96-287
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Aminofen
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in October 1992: no data are available on the effects of aminofen (4-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)aniline) in humans; no sensitization effects have been observed during its manufacture. Animal studies indicate that it is of low to moderate toxicity.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xv, 52p. Illus. 57 ref. Price: DEM: 48.00.

CIS 96-281
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Ethylene oxide
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in February 1993: ethylene oxide may be absorbed by inhalation or through the skin. Acute exposure may cause irritation, erythema, oedema, blistering, corneal opalescence and respiratory obstruction. Inhalation and skin absorption may also cause systemic effects such as disorders of the central nervous system, breathing difficulties and dysrhythmia. Chronic exposure has also been reported to cause irritation and central nervous system symptoms. An increased rate of leukaemia and gastric carcinoma has been demonstrated in isolated studies but has not been verified in others. Several cases of sensitization have been reported.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xviii, 103p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 96-280
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
1,5-Naphthylenediamine
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in October 1992: no information is available on the effects of 1,5-naphthylenediamine in humans. Animal studies indicate that it is of moderate acute toxicity. The substance does not irritate the skin or eyes; some sensitizing potential has been observed.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xiv, 53p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

CIS 96-279
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Formic acid, formates. Diethylene glycol bis(chloroformate)
Conclusions of these criteria documents, translations of reports finalized in June 1991: formic acid on the skin and in the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, larynx and gastrointestinal tract may cause hyperaemia, oedema, blistering, necrosis and corneal clouding in the eyes in humans. Severe local corrosion of the gastrointestinal tract and systemic effects have been described following oral intake. Textile factory employees exposed to mean airborne levels of 15ppm suffered nausea. Diethylene glycol bis(chloroformate) is of moderate acute toxicity in mammals; the liquid causes irritation of the skin and eyes.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. vi, 99p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 96-278 Toxic substances management policy
These three documents describe the Canadian federal policy for the management of toxic substances in the environment. The key objectives of the policy are described and methods of implementation and accountability are outlined. Persistence and bioaccumulation criteria for the identification of substances targeted for virtual elimination from the environment are presented along with a report on public consultations concerning the policy.
Enquiry Centre, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0H3, Canada, June 1995. 3 vols. 56p. 19 ref.

CIS 96-137 West G.A., Michaud R.W.
Principles of environmental health and safety management
This manual provides advice on developing an environmental management programme within an enterprise. Contents: understanding the company that the environmental health and safety (EH&S) programme is to serve; advantages of an EH&S programme; establishing the scope of corporate policies and programmes; organization of an EH&S management programme; environmental education and training; information management; cost accounting; effective workplace communications; strategic planning; process safety; pollution prevention and waste minimization; environmental concerns in business transactions; role of auditing and benchmarking. In appendix: comparative discussion of ISO standards 9000 (total quality management) and draft 14000 (environmental management).
Government Institutes Inc., 4 Research Place, Suite 200, Rockville, MD 20850, USA, 1995. xix, 359p. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 95-2192
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
p-Nitroaniline (4-nitrobenzeneamine)
Conclusions of this report, tanslation of a document finalized in 1987: acute exposure to p-nitroaniline causes methaemoglobinaemia in humans. Chronic exposure may cause liver damage. p-Nitroaniline has been proved to be mutagenic in bacteria; teratogenic effects have been observed in animal studies.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xiv, 89p. approx. 150 ref. Price: DEM 72.00.

CIS 95-2190
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
1,1,2-Trichloroethane
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in Apr. 1994: 1,1,2-trichloroethane in low concentrations acts as a narcotic in humans. It also causes irritation of the conjunctiva, the respiratory tract and skin. Prolonged exposure leads to upper gastrointestinal tract ailments as well as to fatty liver and lung damage.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xxi, 165p. approx. 330 ref. Price: DEM 88.00.

CIS 95-2189
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Acrylonitrile
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in Aug. 1993: occupational exposure to acrylonitrile causes irritation of the mucous membranes of the eyes and nose. There are also reports of nausea, lower abdominal pain, diarrhoea, jaundice and bronchitis. In contrast to animal studies, epidemiological studies provide no clear evidence of a carcinogenic effect in humans.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xxi, 262p. approx. 420 ref. Price: DEM 102.00.

CIS 95-2188
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
4-Chloro-2-methylphenol
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in June 1993: no data are available on the effects of 4-chloro-2-methylphenol (4-chloro-o-cresol) in humans. Animal studies indicate a pronounced irritation of the skin and mucous membranes.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xv, 74p. approx. 140 ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

CIS 95-2187
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Ethyl acrylate. n-Butyl acrylate
Conclusions of these criteria documents, translation of reports finalized in Dec. and Aug. 1992, respectively: no data are available on the acute effects of ethyl acrylate in humans; the substance acts as a sensitizer. An increased rate of cancer of the colon and rectum was observed among acrylate production plant workers with a high and prolonged exposure to a mixture of acrylates in the 1940s. Cases of skin irritation and sensitization have been reported in humans handling n-butyl acrylate. Epidemiological studies indicate a dose-dependent reduction in the sense of smell following exposure to these two substances.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xxxi, 163p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 88.00.

CIS 95-2186
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Cyanuric chloride (2,4,6-trichloro-1,3,5-triazine)
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in Aug. 1993: human exposure to cyanuric chloride causes irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Bronchial obstruction, bronchitis and bronchopneumonia are reported following inhalation of gaseous/particle-formed cyanuric chloride. Cases of allergic contact dermatitis have been reported after repeated exposure; an increased rate in asthmatic illnesses was observed in one cyanuric chloride processing plant. In studies on workers exposed to a mixture of cyanuric chloride and other vapours, there were subjective reports of disturbances of the central nervous system, headaches, body weakness and insomnia.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xvii, 90p. approx. 170 ref. Price: DEM 72.00.

CIS 95-2185
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Butoxyethoxyethyl acetate. 1,4-Dimethoxybenzene. Acetoacetyl-m-xylidide. Pigment red 53:1
Conclusions of these criteria documents, translation of reports finalized in Aug. 1992 - Aug. 1993: animal studies indicate that butoxyethoxyethyl acetate (butyl carbitol acetate) has a low toxicity; contact dermatitis was observed in one case of occupational exposure, but only on affected skin which had been previously damaged. No data are available on the effects of 1,4-dimethoxybenzene or acetoacetyl-m-xylidide (N-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-3-oxobutanoamide) or pigment red 53:1 (D&C red no.9) in man; animal studies indicate a low acute toxicity.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. x, 141p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 88.00.

CIS 95-2184
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Melamine. Diisopropanolamine. 1,6-Hexanediol. Tri/Dibutyl phosphate
Conclusions of these criteria documents, translation of reports finalized in June-Dec. 1992: no data are available on the acute or chronic effects of melamine in man; tests for irritating or sensitizing properties proved negative. Animal studies indicate that diisopropanolamine (1,1'-iminodi-2-propanol) is of low acute toxicity; tests on humans reveal that it does not induce allergic or photoallergic reactions. No data are available on the effects of 1,6-hexanediol in man; animal studies indicate a slight acute toxicity. Tributyl phosphate is strongly irritating to the skin and mucous membranes in man; exposure by inhalation leads to nausea and headache. The toxicological action of dibutyl phosphate is assumed to be comparable to that of tributyl phosphate.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xxvii, 197p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 96.00.

CIS 95-2183
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
N,N-Dimethylaniline
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in Apr. 1992: no well documented studies are available on the effects of N,N-dimethylaniline in humans. Effects of acute intoxication at high doses include cyanosis, breathing difficulties and circulatory collapse. Results of one long-term study of occupational exposure indicated an increase in methaemoglobin.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xiv, 76p. approx. 150 ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

CIS 95-2182
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Triethylenetetramine
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in June 1992: triethylenetetramine is a severe skin irritant and induces skin sensitization. Liver damage is a possible systemic effect. In appendix: copy of the report Toxicological Evaluation No.181 on triethylenetetramine by the Berufsgenossenschaft der chemischen Industrie (Heidelberg, 1991, 49 ref.).
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xiv, 84p. approx. 120 ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

CIS 95-2181
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Chloroprene (2-chloro-1,3-butadiene)
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in June 1991: occupational exposure to chloroprene (chlorobutadiene) causes irritation of the mucous membranes; acute exposure causes depression of the central nervous system. A number of inadequately documented studies describe effects on different organ systems. Epidemiological studies provide no firm evidence for carcinogenic, mutagenic or teratogenic effects in humans.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1995. xvii, 145p. approx. 240 ref. Price: DEM 88.00.

CIS 95-1455
Health and Safety Executive
How to handle PCBs without harming yourself or the environment
Contents of this data sheet: properties of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); health effects (skin absorption, chloracne); sources of exposure (transformers, capacitors, vacuum pumps, hydraulic equipment, process heating plant); environmental and workplace legislation; advice on safe handling (identification of PCBs, risk assessment, control of exposure by means of personal protective equipment, ventilation and respirators, assessing exposure, health surveillance, staff training); control measures for specific tasks; transport of PCBs; waste disposal.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Mar. 1995. 12p. Illus. 5 ref. Price: GBP 5.00.

CIS 95-1365 CONCAWE Review 4:1
Topics covered in this review of CONCAWE's activities: public exposure to airborne benzene; health aspects of exposure to benzene; health studies on asphalt workers; risk assessment of petroleum substances; cost of meeting European Union environmental regulations; cost-effective approach to solving ecological problems; effect of diesel fuel properties on exhaust emissions from diesel cars with oxidation catalysts; pipeline integrity management.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1030 Bruxelles, Belgium, Vol.4, No.1, Apr. 1995. 25p. Illus.

CIS 95-551 Murley L.
1995 pollution handbook: The essential guide to UK and European pollution control legislation
Survey of the legal requirements in effect in the United Kingdom concerning environmental (including workplace) pollution. Of particular interest to OSH specialists: the Environmental Protection Act 1990; European Union (EU) measures concerning air quality standards and industrial emissions; the Clean Air Act 1993; the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, and regulations made under it concerning atmospheric emissions, major accident hazards, hazardous substances, asbestos and genetically modified organisms; the effects of air pollution on human health; measurement of air pollution; radiation (natural and artificial sources, effects, exposure limits, regulatory controls); control of process odours; future developments (air quality, sale of unauthorized fuel); noise pollution (occupational noise, low-frequency noise, noise measurement); waste pollution (EU measures, regulatory controls, radioactive waste, waste disposal, contaminated land); pesticides.
National Society for Clean Air and Environmental Protection (NSCA), 136 North Street, Brighton, East Sussex BN1 1RG, United Kingdom, Rev.ed., 1995. xx, 496p. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 23.95.

1994

CIS 05-389 Environmental exposure assessment
The objective of the work presented in this report was to provide more detailed information on how to perform an assessment of environmental exposure on a regional and on a local scale. It is intended to complete the information given in an earlier report (see CIS 93-942). Main topics covered: legislation and existing hazard assessment schemes; environmental exposure assessment in relation to risk assessment; generic environmental exposure models; release estimation; degradation kinetics; illustration of calculations; conclusions and recommendations.
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, Sep. 1994. ii, 109p. Illus. 52 ref.

CIS 05-387 Existing chemicals: Literature reviews and evaluations
This report presents an overview of the work done by 21 organisations involved in reviewing and evaluating data on the possible hazards posed by more than 3100 industrial chemicals. All reviews are concerned with animal toxicology and human health; some also include ecotoxicological data and environmental effects. Data are presented in the form of an alphabetical list of chemicals, with CAS numbers, dates of publication of reports and indications of those organisations that have expressed an interest in a given compound but not yet published a report.
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, May 1994. ii, 275p. 31 ref. + 3.5" Diskette.

CIS 96-2242 Guidance document on collection and preparation of sediments for physicochemical characterization and biological testing
Methods recommended in Canada for the selection of sampling stations for eco-toxicological studies are described together with those for the collection, storage, transportation and manipulation of whole sediment samples from marine, estuarine and freshwater environments. Procedures are outlined for monitoring and assessment purposes and for permit requirements for open-water disposal of dredged materials. This publication is also available in French.
Environmental Protection Publications, Technology Transfer Office, Environmental Technology Advancement Directorate, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0H3, Canada, Dec. 1994. xxix, 132+12p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CAD 34.95.

CIS 96-1421 Wagner T.P.
The complete guide to the hazardous waste regulations
This guide describes requirements for the regulation of hazardous wastes in the USA under three Acts: the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (hazardous waste identification, generators of hazardous waste, shipping and transportation, general and technical standards for waste management facilities, permits and interim status, land disposal restrictions, corrective action, enforcement and state authorization); the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (Superfund) (reporting requirements, response actions, remedial response, worker safety and health programme); the Toxic Substances Control Act (use, storage and disposal of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), PCB spill cleanup requirements; see CIS 89-23).
Van Nostrand Reinhold, 115 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003, USA, 2nd ed., 1994. xix, 488p. Illus. Index. Price: GBP 37.50.

CIS 96-294 Patrick D.R.
Toxic air pollution handbook
Contents of this manual: introduction to sources of air pollutants and legal requirements for their control; health assessment (evaluation of toxicological data, risk assessment and management of inhaled toxic air pollutants, cancer risk assessment); exposure assessment (source sampling and analysis, emissions estimation, air dispersion and deposition models, atmospheric transformation and removal of air toxics, human intake, population and activity analysis, ecological risk assessment); regulatory strategies (legal considerations, ambient concentration limits, technology standards, risk assessment and management, cost-benefit approaches); control methods; special sources of toxic air pollutants; risk communication.
Van Nostrand Reinhold, 115 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003, USA, 1994. xx, 588p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 75.00.

CIS 96-293 Ayers K.W.
Environmental science and technology handbook
Contents of this manual: environmental processes; human health risk assessment; ecological risk assessment; environmental chemistry and analysis of regulated compounds; air quality; air pollution control technologies; solid and hazardous waste treatment and disposal; underground and aboveground storage tank technology; geology and groundwater hydrology; groundwater pollution control technologies; pollution prevention through total quality management.
Government Institutes Inc., 4 Research Place, Suite 200, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA, 1994. xxiii, 389p. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 95-2201 The textile industry and the environment
This report provides guidance on measures to prevent pollution and save raw materials in the textile industry through a cleaner production approach. Contents: overview of textile wet processing operations; environmental impact of the textile industry (air and water pollution); cleaner production techniques and processes (optimization of chemical usage, modification of processes and equipment); end-of-pipe treatment (liquid effluent treatment, control of air emissions); policy, management and legal framework. Glossary.
United Nations Environment Programme, Industry and Environment, Tour Mirabeau, 39-43 quai AndrÚ-CitroŰn, 75739 Paris Cedex 15, France, 1994. 120p. 66 ref. Price: FRF 175.00, USD 35.00.

< previous | 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 | next >