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Pollution control - 464 entries found

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  • Pollution control

1997

CIS 98-225
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Anthranilic acid
This report is a translation of a report finalized in German in October 1995. Topics: 2-aminobenzoic acid; criteria document; ecotoxicology; Germany; legislation; literature survey; toxic effects; toxicology; translation.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xvi, 94p. Illus. 273 ref. Price: DEM 80.00.

CIS 98-224
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Methoxypropanol, dipropylene glycol methyl ether
These reports are translations of reports finalized in German in October 1995. Topics: criteria document; dipropylene glycol methyl ether; ecotoxicology; Germany; irritants; legislation; literature survey; neurotoxic effects; propylene glycol monomethyl ether; skin absorption; toxic effects; toxicology; translation.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. vii, 142p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 80.00.

CIS 97-1763 Environmental Health Services Act 1997 [Commonwealth of Dominica]
This Act stipulates minimum standards for private or industrial activities to ensure the maintenance of a clean, healthy and aesthetically pleasing environment. Provisions cover: establishment and functions of authorities and institutions charged with the protection of the environment and public health; obtaining a certificate of approval for any activities liable to harm the environment or public health (emission of contaminants or pollutants); special powers of the Chief Environmental Health Officer and judicial procedures; penalties for offences under the Act; and powers of the Minister of Health regarding the protection of the environment and public health. In annex: composition of the Environmental Health Board. This Act repeals Public Health Act No.15 of 1968.
Offprint from the Dominica. Laws, Statutes. Act, Commonwealth of Dominica, 1997. 37p.

CIS 97-1918 CONCAWE Review 6:2
This review of CONCAWE activities covers evolving legislation on measures to improve air quality in the European Union and safety issues related to the production, storage, transport and use of petroleum products. Contents includes: ozone abatement in Europe; modelling the dispersion of particulate matter in air; fuel properties and vehicle emissions; oil industry safety performance; fire prevention during handling of petroleum products; pipeline accident statistics.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, Vol.6, No.2, Oct. 1997. 25p. Illus.

CIS 97-1997 Applying environmental accounting to electroplating operations: An in-depth analysis
This report presents the findings of an investigation into the application of environmental accounting practices in electroplating facilities. The research entailed on-site investigations and literature reviews. Environmental costs involved in electroplating operations are analyzed and issues to be considered in implementing environmental analysis in these operations are described. Many facilities are using environmental analysis without knowing or calling it that; most conventional costs associated with environmental management (wastewater treatment, hazardous waste disposal) are recognized and captured in new project or process evaluations.
Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pollution, Prevention and Toxics, Washington, DC 20460, USA, May 1997. 53p. 53 ref.

CIS 97-1474 Combined register of specialists of health and safety and environment professionals
This register lists names and addresses of members of the Institution of Chemical Engineers and The Royal Society of Chemistry who have detailed knowledge and experience in the fields of health, safety and environmental protection. Areas of special interest are listed where available.
Institution of Chemical Engineers, Davis Building, 165-189 Railway Terrace, Rugby CV21 3HQ, United Kingdom, 1997. 69p. Also available from: The Royal Society of Chemistry, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London W1V 0BN, United Kingdom.

CIS 97-1553 Munn K.
Responsible care and related voluntary initiatives to improve enterprise performance on health, safety and the environment in the chemical industry
This report describes the current status of voluntary initiatives within the chemical industry for improving environmental performance. The initiatives fall into three categories: Responsible Care, a unilateral initiative of the chemical industry addressing all aspects of chemical products and operations; national voluntary initiatives, typically agreed between industry and government, establishing a schedule of reduced emissions; and environmental management systems and the development of standards by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The future success of these methods requires further action to enhance their credibility, and increased participation by workers and other non-management stakeholders.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1997. x, 86p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1637
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate, tri(2-ethylyhexyl)phosphate
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in August 1995: no data are available on the effects of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate (BEHP) in humans; skin tests with tris(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate (TEHP) produced no irritation; both substances exhibit a low acute toxicity in animals; in direct contact with the skin and mucous membranes, BEHP is corrosive and TEHP causes moderate irritation; no mutagenic effects have been observed.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xviii, 117p. 172 ref.

CIS 97-1636
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Ethyl acetoacetate. Acetone
Conclusions of this criteria document, translations of reports finalized in June 1995: ethyl acetoacetate is of low acute toxicity in animals; skin tests on humans produced no indications of skin irritation or sensitization; human exposure to acetone at concentrations of 2,400mg/m3 and above causes irritation of the mucous membranes, headache, respiratory complaints and dizziness; adaptation to acetone is expected to occur following repeated exposures; dermal contact produces a local irritative effect (degreasing dermatitis); a sensitizing effect is considered to be unlikely.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. vii, 169p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 97.00.

CIS 97-1635
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
1,2-Dichloroethane
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in December 1994: acute intoxication by 1,2-dichloroethane following inhalation or oral intake is characterized by a prenarcotic stage, followed by depression of the central nervous system, gastroenteric symptoms, cardiovascular disturbances, and respiratory impairment; fatal outcomes are a result of therapy-resistant cardiovascular shock; main systemic effects include damage to the liver, kidneys, lungs, brain and heart.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xxvi, 304p. 555 ref. Price: DEM 120.00.

CIS 97-1634
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Xylidines (dimethylanilines)
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in June 1994: animal studies indicate that most xylidines are harmful to health after single, oral application; 2,4-xylidine is poisonous by inhalation; effects of different isomers in animals include methaemoglobin formation, liver and kidney damage, hepatotoxic and nephrotoxic effects, and mutagenic and carcinogenic effects.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xxii, 187p. 292 ref. Price: DEM 106.00.

CIS 97-1633
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
1,2,3-Trichloropropane
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in December 1993: there are no published studies of the acute or chronic effects of 1,2,3-trichloropropane in man; inhalation tests show that a concentration of 613mg/m3 causes irritation of the eyes and throat, but not of the nose; in animal studies, the substance causes irritation of the skin and mucous membranes, damage to the liver and kidneys, and mutagenic and carcinogenic effects.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xv, 97p. 212 ref. Price: DEM 88.00.

CIS 97-1632
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
1,6-Hexamethylenediisocyanate (1,6-diisocyanatohexane)
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in April 1993: the main effect of hexamethylenediisocyanate (HDI) in humans is irritation and sensitization of the respiratory tract; immunological alterations have been observed in persons with HDI hypersensitivity; hexamethylenediamine has been observed in the urine of HDI exposed workers.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xv, 94p. 171 ref. Price: DEM 80.00.

CIS 97-1666 Guidelines for postrelease mitigation technology in the chemical process industry
This manual describes current engineering methods for minimizing the consequences of major accidents in the chemical process industry involving the release of toxic vapours or the ignition of flammable vapours. Contents: introduction to post-release mitigation; overview of release scenarios and post-release mitigation; reducing the rate of vaporization of a spilled liquid; use of fluid curtains of water, steam and air; secondary containment; detection of a release and emergency response; use of consequence modelling to evaluate the effectiveness of various post-release mitigation measures.
Center for Chemical Process Safety, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017, USA, 1997. xii, 175p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 130.00 in North America, USD 180.00 elsewhere.

CIS 97-1616 Hyde P.
Environmental management
Brief guidance is given on the implementation of environmental management in small businesses, with particular reference to the International Environmental Management System standard, ISO 14001. This standard requires companies to identify the aspects of their activities, products and services which may have significant impacts on the environment, and to manage these aspects through the setting of policy objectives and targets and through action programmes.
Safety and Health Practitioner, June 1997, Vol.15, No.6, p.52-55. Illus.

CIS 97-1630
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Aniline
This report is a translation of a report finalized in August 1995. Main conclusions: aniline causes eye irritation and has a weak sensitizing potential; it is absorbed through the skin and is a potent methaemoglobin-forming agent; symptoms of acute aniline poisoning in humans include disturbance of consciousness and cyanosis; animal studies indicate that, apart from the blood, additional target organs include the spleen, liver, kidneys and bone marrow.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xix, 160p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1629
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Diethanolamine. Triethanolamine
These reports are translations of reports finalized in October and December 1994. Main conclusions: animal studies indicate that diethanolamine is of moderate acute toxicity and causes severe irritation to the skin and eyes; effects on the kidneys and central nervous system have also been observed; epidemiologic studies on workers in contact with cutting oils containing diethanolamine indicated no increase in the mortality rate; triethanolamine causes slight skin irritation in man and may be a weak sensitizer; studies suggest that the substance has no carcinogenic potential.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. ix, 217p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1288
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Ethyl glycol/ethyl glycol acetate
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in December 1995: the toxicity of ethyl glycol corresponds to that of ethyl glycol acetate; both substances exhibit a low toxicity; they are absorbed through the skin; there are reports of haematological and spermatotoxic effects in occupationally exposed workers.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xviii, 159p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 97.00.

CIS 97-1287
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Trichloroacetic acid; Sodium trichloroacetate
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in August 1995: trichloroacetic acid is caustic to the skin and mucous membranes; dusts and spraying solutions of sodium trichloroacetate can cause extensive skin irritations in humans, especially in the facial area and eyes (occasional conjunctivitis); inhalation may cause painful irritations of the nasal and pharyngeal cavities, the trachea and lung.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xxii, 226p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 112.00.

CIS 97-1201 CONCAWE Review 6:1
Topics covered in this review of CONCAWE's activities relate mainly to environmental standards and the approach to be used when defining them. Contents: the European Union's (EU) acidification strategy; EU air quality limit values; sources of airborne particulate matter; European study on the health effects of air pollution; engine technology and automotive exhaust emissions; gasoline volatility specifications; disposal of used engine oils.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, Vol.6, No.1, Apr. 1997. 25p. Illus.

CIS 97-1275
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Benzoic acid/sodium benzoate. m-Toluidine. C.I. Reactive Black 5
These reports are translations of reports finalized in June and December 1993. Main conclusions: benzoic acid and sodium benzoate show slight acute toxicity; benzoic acid has a mildly irritating effect on human skin; animal studies indicate that m-toluidine is slightly toxic, the target organ being the haematopoietic system; repeated occupational exposure to C.I. Reactive Black 5 (Remazol Black), particularly in the dust form, may cause contact allergy and respiratory sensitization; there is no evidence of genotoxic potential for any of these substances.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xii, 222p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 112.00.

CIS 97-1274
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) (propane, butane, isobutane and mixtures)
This report is a translation of a report finalized in June 1994. Main conclusions: while there are no reports of toxicity studies on LPGs, possible toxicity may be predicted from information on the major components, propane, isobutane (methylpropane), and butane; exposure to increasing concentrations of LPG vapour results in narcotic effects, with loss of consciousness and asphyxiation at high concentrations; the narcotic effect of butane is greater than that of propane; operating experiences show that propane, isobutane and butane are non-irritating and non-sensitizing; direct contact of LPG with the skin causes erythema, oedema and deep necrosis.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xvii, 86p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 72.00.

CIS 97-1273
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
4-Chloro-3-methylphenol (p-Chloro-m-cresol)
This report is a translation of a report finalized in December 1993. Main conclusions: cases of acute poisoning have been reported following oral uptake of 4-chloro-3-methylphenol (chlorocresol) in humans; animal studies indicate that the substance is absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract, lung and skin, and is corrosive to the eyes; chlorocresol is non-sensitizing in humans; laboratory studies give no indication of a mutagenic effect.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xx, 151p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 87.00.

CIS 97-1272
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid/tetrasodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate (H4EDTA/Na4EDTA)
This report is a translation of a report finalized in May 1995. Main conclusions: the effects of EDTA in humans were determined from its use as a chelating agent in the treatment of intoxication by metals such as lead and zinc; toxic reactions through overdosing on intravasal application include kidney failure, ventricular fibrillation, and obstruction of the respiratory tract; direct contact with EDTA may cause dermal sensitization (eczema) or allergic conjunctivitis.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xxi, 223p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 106.00.

CIS 97-1271
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Acrylic acid (2-propenoic acid)
This report is a translation of a report finalized in December 1994. Main conclusions: acrylic acid has a light acute toxicity; the main effects are local irritation or corrosion (skin, eyes and respiratory tract); the substance does not cause skin sensitization.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. 194p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 106.00.

CIS 97-1270
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
p-Chloroaniline
This report is a translation of a report finalized in December 1993. Main conclusions: p-chloroaniline is well-absorbed by the skin; the main acute effect is methaemoglobinaemia; occupational exposure has resulted in methaemoglobin formation, cyanosis, anaemia and acute intoxication; the substance has a strong tendency to form haemoglobin adducts, and their determination can be used in monitoring workers' exposure; animal studies indicate that the substance should be regarded as carcinogenic in humans.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xxiv, 171p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 106.00.

CIS 97-1267
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Glutaric acid. C4-6 Dicarboxylic acids. Cyclohexanone
Conclusions of this criteria document, translations of reports finalized between October 1992 and June 1993: no data are available on the effects of glutaric acid in man; toxicological studies give no indication of a hazard potential; the C4-6 dicarboxylic acids (a mixture of succinic acid, glutaric acid and adipic acid) have a low oral or inhalation toxicity; isolated cases of skin and respiratory tract irritation have been reported in workers handling these acids; the acute toxicity of cyclohexanone is low; short term inhalation exposure causes irritation of the eyes, nose and throat; allergic contact dermatitis is reported following contact with a resin containing cyclohexanone.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. 174p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1266
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Tetramethylplumbane and tetraethylplumbane
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in December 1993: acute and chronic exposure of humans to tetramethlyplumbane (tetramethyllead) and tetraethylplumbane (tetraethyllead) causes neurological effects; several cases of poisoning have been described in workers cleaning gasoline tanks; chronic exposure in men causes antifertility effects; exposure of pregnant women to gasoline has caused damage to the foetus; an epidemiologic study indicated an increased incidence of myelomas following exposure to tetraethyllead.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xxii, 364p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 120.00.

CIS 97-1265
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
2-Mercaptobenzothiazole
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in June 1991: 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (benzothiazolethiol) is a skin irritant and a skin sensitizer in humans; on the basis of results of long-term animal studies, the possibility that the substance is carcinogenic cannot be ruled out.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. xxiv, 146p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1264
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Benzal chloride. Benzotrichloride. Benzoyl chloride
These reports are translations of reports finalized in December 1991. Main conclusions: benzal chloride (benzylidene chloride) causes local irritation in humans and is mutagenic; benzotrichloride causes irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract in humans; the substance is mutagenic and carcinogenic in experimental animals; benzoyl chloride is a local irritant, there are no indications that it is mutagenic; tumours of the respiratory tract have been observed in workers exposed to mixtures of all three chemicals.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1997. 100p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 80.00.

1996

CIS 99-1452 Using ILO standards to promote environmentally sustainable development - Discussion booklets
Topics: economic aspects; environment; ILO; international cooperation; pollution control; role of workers organizations; social aspects; training manuals; training material.
Bureau for Workers' Activities, International Labour Office, 4 route des Morillons, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. 42p (Guide); 22p; 26p; 22p; 20p; 14p; 18p; 10p; 10p. (8 Booklets). Illus. 22 ref.

CIS 97-1998 McAlinden J.J.
Health and Safety Executive, Directorate of Science and Technology
Remediation of contaminated land, occupational hygiene aspects on the safe selection and use of new soil clean-up techniques
This report describes clean-up techniques used in the decontamination of contaminated land and identifies associated health hazards. Soil clean-up processes examined include biological, chemical, physical, thermal, and stabilization/solidification systems. Potential routes of exposure for workers and members of the public are discussed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Mar. 1996. v, 10p. 9 ref.

CIS 97-1895 Pollution Prevention Incentives for States (PPIS) grant program: Assessment study
In this publication the EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) presents for the first time a comprehensive assessment of state pollution prevention activities funded by its grant programme. This study does not attempt to compare state programmes or rank them in any manner. Descriptions are provided to illustrate alternative models of implementing pollution prevention programmes. The effectiveness of specific activities is not evaluated; instead, EPA seeks to narrate activities as reported by the grantees.
Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 401 M Street. S.W., Washington D.C. 20460, USA, 1996. 104p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 97-1269
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Isodecanol
This report is a translation of a report finalized in December 1993. Main conclusions: no information is available on the effects of isodecanol (isodecyl alcohol) in humans; in animals the substance is slightly toxic and is a skin and eye irritant; there is no evidence of a mutagenic effect, and no information is available concerning sensitization, chronic toxicity or carcinogenicity.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xiv, 43p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

CIS 97-1268
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Triisopropanolamine
This report is a translation of a report finalized in December 1993. Main conclusions: skin tests on humans indicate that triisopropanolamine is non-irritant, non-phototoxic and non-sensitizing; animal studies show that the substance has a low acute toxicity; there is no evidence of mutagenic, teratogenic or carcinogenic effects.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xvi, 58p. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

CIS 97-1132 Trade unions and environmentally sustainable development. Discussion booklets
These seven discussion booklets examine the links between the workplace, environmental protection and economic and social development. They cover: environmental indicators of development; political indicators of development; economic development and security; social development; equality of opportunity and treatment; education and training; and international development. The booklets highlight the role of workers and trade unions in promoting efforts to achieve a more environmentally sustainable pattern of development. A guide to the booklets explains how they may be used in workers' education programmes.
Bureau for Workers' Activities, International Labour Office, 4 route des Morillons, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. 203p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-936 Ekström G.
World directory of pesticide control organisations
This directory provides contact details of national authorities in 180 countries which are involved in pesticides and their control. Summary information is provided on national domestic activities performed by competent authorities, research institutions, laboratories, etc. responsible for various aspects of the national government's pesticide control strategy. In addition, centres which act as contact points for international organizations concerned with pesticides are identified. Introductory chapters include a review of the role of United Nations agencies and similar organizations in the control of pesticides, and an outline of appropriate technology for pesticide analysis in developing countries.
Royal Society of Chemistry, Thomas Graham House, Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 4WF, United Kingdom, 3rd ed., 1996. v, 520p. 40 ref.

CIS 97-799 Goats G.C.
A common approach to workplace and environmental risk
Similarities in the legislative approaches to occupational and environmental risk in the United Kingdom are discussed. The interpretation of the notion that occupational risks should be reduced until they are 'as low as reasonably practicable' (ALARP) is examined, and sources of guidance for achieving a satisfactory level of safety are described. The role of risk assessment and risk management in the formulation and implementation of environmental policy is discussed, and the concepts of 'best available techniques not entailing excessive cost' (BATNEEC) and 'best practicable environmental option' (BPEO) are examined.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Dec. 1996, Vol.14, No.12, p.20-25. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 96-1931 Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996 [New Zealand]
This Act (dated 10.6.1996, commencement: at a later date) aims at the protection of the environment, people and communities by controlling the adverse effects of hazardous substances and new organisms. Contents: definitions; administrative aspects, including the establishment of the Environmental Risk Management Authority (ERMA); assessment of hazardous substances and new organisms (these include both species not present in New Zealand and genetically modified organisms); controls (Hazard Classification System, test certification, transferable permits); inspection and enforcement; emergencies; transitional provisions (expiry: 1.1.2000; they concern general matters, pesticides, toxic substances, dangerous goods, explosives, new organisms). In annex: provisions relating to ERMA; list of prohibited new organisms (plants and animals; among the latter, e.g. all snakes); containment control measures for development and field testing of genetically modified organisms; lists of substances relevant to transitional provisions (controlled pesticides, toxic substances, dangerous goods, explosives). A number of Acts and other legal instruments are repealed, among which: the Explosives Act 1957 (CIS 88-30), the Dangerous Goods Act 1974 (CIS 94-765), various Regulations under this Act (CIS 94-773), the Toxic Substances Act 1979 (CIS 90-708) and the Pesticides Act 1979 (CIS 89-1080).
Government Printer, P.O.Box 12,411, Wellington, New Zealand, 1996. 252p.
http://www.legislation.govt.nz/browse_vw.asp?content-set=pal_statutes [in English]

CIS 96-2120 CONCAWE Review 5:1
Topics covered in this review of CONCAWE's activities include: development of the European Union Air Quality Framework Directive; air quality standards and ozone exposure; vehicle emissions and fuel specifications; alternative fuels for road transport; health and safety data on gas oils; European oil industry accident statistics; oil pipelines database enlargement.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, Vol.5, No.1, Apr. 1996. 24p. Illus.

CIS 96-2235
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Dipropylene glycol
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in Dec. 1993: dipropylene glycol causes skin irritation in humans. Animal studies indicate a low acute toxicity after oral application; repeated oral application has caused damage to the central nervous system, liver and kidney.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xiv, 58p. 120 ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

CIS 96-2234
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
4,4'-Diamino-3,3'-dimethyldicyclohexylmethane
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in Apr. 1994: exposure to 4,4'-diamino-3,3'-dimethyldicyclohexylmethane has caused sclerotic skin changes in humans; indications of liver damage have also been reported. Animal studies show that it has a severely irritating to corrosive effect on the skin and eyes.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xvi, 50p. 91 ref. Price: DEM 48.00.

CIS 96-1619 Why should I worry? - Shot in the dark
Videotape package on environmental protection for managers. The raising of workers' consciousness regarding environmental matters is emphasized, as is the relationship between such matters and workers' health and safety. A manual entitled DIY Environmental Risk Profile is included. The package was reviewed in Health & Safety at Work, July 1995, p.34.
Shot in the Dark, Freepost HF 2219, St James Clare, Huddersfield Rd, Brighouse HD6 1QY, United Kingdom. Videotape (length: 23min.) + manual (74p.). Price: GBP 198.00. ###

CIS 96-1737 Benjamin Y.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
European workshops on ECO products: Evaluation of the "Design for Health Profiler" - Proceedings
Proceedings of workshops on the evaluation of a software tool called the "Design for Health Profiler", developed to help designers understand the environmental and health implications of design decisions. The system allows environmental criteria related to different user needs to be managed, evaluated and scored. The basic concepts of the system are described along with the evaluation technique used in the workshops and an overview of the findings. The system has the potential to audit or assess environmental concerns in fast screening techniques or in-depth studies.
Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2985 Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, 1996. 52p. 4 ref. Price: ECU 7.00.

CIS 96-1810 Della-Giustina D.E.
Safety and environmental management
This manual provides practical guidance on developing and maintaining a safety and environmental management programme. Contents: hazard communication and management of hazardous materials (material safety data sheets, identification of hazardous chemicals, employee information and training, hazardous chemical releases); accident investigation techniques; emergency response organization; fire safety; lockout/tagout procedures; preventing ergonomic hazards; precautions during work in confined spaces; role of management. Glossary.
Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, USA, and Chapman & Hall, 2-6 Boundary Row, London SE1 8HN, United Kingdom, 1996. xiii, 306p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price (in Europe): GBP 45.00.

CIS 96-1798
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Acrolein
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in December 1994: the primary effects of human exposure to acrolein are irritation of the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Animal studies indicate that it is highly toxic; there are several case reports of human intoxication.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xix, 236p. 529 ref. Price: DEM 102.00.

CIS 96-1797
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in August 1994: acute inhalation of 1,1,1-trichloroethane causes suppression of the central nervous system in humans, with narcotic effects at high concentrations. There are several reports of accidental inhalative intoxication. Occupational exposure has been reported to cause sleep apnoea, neurotic complaints and symptoms which could indicate an organic solvent encephalopathy. Repeated skin contact can lead to dermatitis through degreasing.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xxiv, 447p. 824 ref. Price: DEM 130.00.

CIS 96-1796
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
1,2-Dichloropropane
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in October 1994: ingestion of 1,2-dichloropropane (propylene dichloride) by humans causes functional hepatic and renal disorders, haemolytic anaemia, metabolic acidosis, heart muscle weakness and shock; ingestion of large amounts can be fatal. Dermal contact can cause allergic contact dermatitis. Based on animal studies, the substance is classified as having carcinogenic potential.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xviii, 151p. 335 ref. Price: DEM 88.00.

CIS 96-1795
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Methyl chloroacetate. Ethyl chloroacetate
Conclusions of these criteria documents, translation of reports finalized in April 1994 and December 1993: in humans, delayed irritation of the conjunctiva is observed after exposure to methyl chloroacetate vapour; in animal studies, the substance causes irritant effects, skin corrosion and sensitization. There is one report of contact allergy in a human following exposure to ethyl chloroacetate; in experimental animals it causes irritation and sensitization.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xxiv, 136p. 204 ref. Price: DEM 88.00.

CIS 96-1794
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
Dichloroaniline (2,4-, 2,5- and 3,4-dichloroaniline)
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in October 1993: 2,4-, 2,5- and 3,4-dichloroaniline may be absorbed through the skin. They are methaemoglobin-forming agents; acute poisoning in humans is manifested by hypoxia, fatigue, difficult breathing and muscular weakness. Early cases of chloracne in workers exposed to industrial 3,4-dichloroaniline were attributed to contamination with 3,3',4,4'-tetrachloroazobenzene or 3,3',4,4'-tetrachloroazoxybenzene. No data are available on carcinogenicity.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xxvii, 284p. 437 ref. Price: DEM 110.00.

CIS 96-1793
Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh) - Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA)
4,4-Methylenedianiline
Conclusions of this criteria document, translation of a report finalized in December 1993: 4,4-methylenedianiline is well absorbed through the skin. In humans it has a mainly hepato- and nephrotoxic effect; two studies describe degenerative changes of the retina and electrocardiographic changes. There are also reports of sensitization in humans. Animal studies indicate that the substance is carcinogenic; studies of genotoxicity showed mainly positive results.
S. Hirzel Verlag, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 1996. xv, 125p. 346 ref. Price: DEM 72.00.

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