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Environmental pollution - 665 entries found

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  • Environmental pollution

1998

CIS 03-1322 Building air quality - Action plan
Designed to be used in conjunction with the publication entitled "Building air quality - A guide for building owners and facility managers" (see CIS 92-423), this manual enables building owners and facility managers to develop an action plan for improving indoor air quality (IAQ). The eight-step process involves: designating an IAQ manager; developing the IAQ profile of the building; addressing existing and potential IAQ problems; educating building staff about IAQ; developing a plan for facility operations and maintenance; managing processes with potentially-significant pollution sources; communicating with occupants on the importance of their role in maintaining good IAQ; establishing procedures for responding to IAQ complaints. A check-list for assisting building management in verifying the implementation of the action plan is included.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2002, USA, June 1998. 31p.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/98-123a.html [in English]

CIS 02-1838 QSARs in the assessment of the environmental fate and effects of chemicals
Quantitative structure activity relationships (QSARs) are based on a comparison of the structure or a specific physical or chemical property of a substance with a measured endpoint, which may be another property or a biological effect. This report discusses some of the issues that arise in the development, selection and use of QSARs. It concludes that QSARs need to be developed in the following areas: metabolism in fish; bio-concentration including metabolism in organisms other than fish; microbial breakdown of chemicals; soil-water partitioning, including kinetics; aquatic photolysis; effects on terrestrial organisms, sediment-dwelling organisms and marine organisms.
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, June 1998. 136p. Approx 300 ref.

CIS 02-861 Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for the analysis of process gases (CIS 90-955). Main topics covered: characteristics of NIOSH analytical methods for various chemicals; list of toxic substances; list of organizations qualified for conducting measurements related to the toxic substances ordinance; threshold limit values at the workplace; permissible levels of biological indicators of workplace exposure; list of carcinogens, mutagens and substances that are toxic to reproductive health; list of German technical rules for dangerous substances (TRGS).
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 46. Ergänzungslieferung, Aug. 1998. 230p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 02-338 Analysis of hazardous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update of the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases (CIS 90-955). Main topics covered: OSHA method for analysing organic chemicals; monitoring the implementation of regulations applicable to LPG; products which cause sensitization; principles for evaluating the human and environmental hazards of the products: threshold limit values of chemical, physical and biological agents; air quality; control of major hazards.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 44. Ergänzungslieferung, Mar. 1998. 215p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 01-1484 Prinz F., Forster E., Dahmann D.
Determination of mine air pollution due to particulate diesel emissions in underground coal mining
Ermittlung der Belastung der Grubenwetter durch Dieselmotoremissionen in Steinkohlenbergwerken [in German]
Theoretically possible exposures of workers to particulate diesel emissions in two German underground coal mines were determined by calculation. It appears that the limit of 0.6mg/m3, acceptable for underground coal mining workplaces at the time of the investigation, can be complied with. This calculation method could be applied when planning new mining sites in order to improve prevention and limit workers' exposure.
Gefahrstoffe Reinhaltung der Luft, Nov.-Dec. 1998, Vol.58, No.11-12, p.447-450. Illus. 7 ref.

CIS 01-1234 Scheer F.A.
Dissemination of microorganisms under laminar and turbulent air flow
Ausbreitung von Microorganismen in laminarer und turbulenter Strömung [in German]
Topics: aerosols; air movement; airflow measurement; bacteriology; germ transport; microorganisms; number concentration determination; particle deposition.
HLH - Heizung Lüftung/Klima Haustechnik, Apr. 1998, Vol.49, No.4, p.58-61. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 01-854 Matz G.
Investigation of the practical requirements in analytical work performed in combating large chemical accidents
Untersuchung der Praxisanforderung an die Analytik bei der Bekämpfung grosser Chemieunfälle [in German]
This publication summarizes knowledge required by firefighters, police and technical services when dealing with major accidents involving dangerous chemicals. It includes toxicological data on chemicals, dispersion models, sampling, technical systems and instruments for analysis, measuring strategies and analytical methods. Detection capabilities, requirements for detection of substances and the design and function of instruments are discussed.
Bundesamt für Zivilschutz, Deutschherrenstrasse 93-95, 53177 Bonn, Germany, 1998. 187p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 01-132 Kee-Chiang C.
Airborne contaminant exposure control in a partitioned work environment by exhaust ventilation systems
The evaluation of contaminant removal effectiveness can play a key role in a working environment quality investigation and in remediation efforts. In this study a computer simulation technique was developed for assessing the efficiency of contaminant removal within a partitioned working environment. To determine the effect of the physical parameters of each partitioned space on contaminant removal effectiveness, a relative contaminant concentration unit was used to show the simulation results. In addition, tracer gas techniques were adopted to validate the accuracy of the prediction model. A comparison of measured CO2 concentrations in a controlled environment chamber with the results of a simulation model is presented. This study investigated the partition configuration of work environment and environment parameters including openings operation, constant concentration and exhaust air volume mode. Results indicated that variations of these three parameters can produce great differences in overall ventilation performance. Through this type of study, the interaction of airflow and contaminant concentration between partitioned spaces can be understood in advance and adequate knowledge can be provided to maintain a high-quality and healthy environment for workers.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, May 1998, Vol.59, No.5, p.346-352. Illus. 16 ref.

CIS 01-140 Larané A.
Scientists examine diesel in industry
Les scientifiques auscultent le diesel dans l'industrie [in French]
Topics: atmospheric pollution; automobiles; chemical analysis; civil engineering; determination in air; determination of pH value; diesel engines; earthmoving equipment; fork-lift trucks; lung cancer; organic dust; outdoor communication ways; respirable dust; trucks; tunnelling.
Travail et sécurité, Dec. 1998, No.579, p.16-22. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 01-136 Laforest L., Annino M.C., Alluard A., Van den Wiele F., Precausta D., Albouy J.
Secondary lead contamination - Epidemiological study of children of occupationally-exposed employees
Contamination secondaire au plomb - Etude épidémiologique sur des enfants de salariés professionnellement exposés [in French]
Topics: atmospheric pollution; battery and dry cell manufacture; lead; children; determination in blood; dosimetry; epidemiologic study; industrial physicians; lead industry; long-term exposure; medical supervision; parental exposure; permissible levels; statistical evaluation; threshold limit values.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3th Quarter 1998, No.75, p.251-257. Illus. 15 ref.

CIS 01-157 Claret J.L., Brett Y.B., Darmendrail D., Bonte L., Fernandez J.
Accidents: Major source of soil pollution
Accidents: les grandes pollutions des sols [in French]
Hazardous product transport agriculture, petrol station and chemical industry activities are the most likely to cause accidents resulting in soil pollution. The prefects of French départements are required to submit reports to the French Ministry of the Environment, whose objectives are to identify risks and prioritize them. Two types of appraisals - initial or comprehensive - can be used to evaluate risks on potentially polluted sites. Successfully implemented innovative technology makes it possible to expedite soil rehabilitation by using industrial cleaning solvents.
Face au risque, Oct. 1998, No.346, p.7-34. Illus.

CIS 00-201 Cuscó Vidal J.M., Turmo Sierra E.
Dispersion models for gases and/or vapours in the atmosphere: Instantaneous point sources
Modelos de dispersión de gases y/o vapores en la atmósfera: fuentes puntuales instantáneas [in Spanish]
For information note on dispersion models for gases and vapours in the atmosphere from continuous point sources, see CIS 98-863. Topics: atmospheric pollution; data sheet; gases; mathematical models; outbursts of gas; Spain; toxic gases; vapour clouds.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 4p. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 99-2004 Leichnitz K.
Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update (47th) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue includes a fully revised list of hazardous substances (all substances published in the official German exposure limit lists plus certain other substances that are important in the workplace but lack exposure limits), with methods of determination. The same information plus physical property data is presented on the accompanying CD-ROM. Updated versions of Technical Rules (TRGS) 420 (Process- and substance-specific criteria for reliable long-term maintenance of exposure limits), 512 (Fumigation), 522 (Disinfection of spaces with formaldehyde), 900 (Workplace exposure limits) and 905 (List of substances that are carcinogenic, genotoxic or show reproductive toxicity) are also included in this update. Topics: atmospheric pollution; carcinogens; formaldehyde; chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; determination in air; directive; Germany; law; legislation; list of chemical substances; manuals; mutagens; neighbourhood protection.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 47. Ergänzungslieferung, Dec. 1998. 252p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 99-2003 Leichnitz K.
Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update (45th) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue continues an overview of the analytical techniques of the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration begun in update 43, lists European machine safety standards and all Technical Rules for work with hazardous substances (TRGS), summarizes Guideline 4300 of the German Association of Engineers (VDI) on measuring strategies for formaldehyde in interior air, and gives the texts of TRGS 400 (Determination and evaluation of risks due to hazardous substances in the workplace), 402 (Determination and evaluation of concentrations of hazardous substances in workplace air), 500 (Protective measures/Minimum standards), 555 (Enterprise instructions and training according to Sect. 20 of the Hazardous Substances Ordinance) and 901 (Bases and explanations of limit values for workplace air). European standard DIN EN 1076 for continuous sampling tubes is also included. Topics: atmospheric pollution; chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; data sheet; determination in air; directive; European Communities; Germany; law; legislation; machinery guarding regulations; manuals; neighbourhood protection; organic compounds; standard; threshold limit values; USA.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 45. Ergänzungslieferung, May 1998. 208p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 99-1469 A workers' manual on pollution prevention - How to clean up your workplace and the environment at the same time
Topics: Canada; collective agreements; environmental pollution; hazard evaluation; legislation; pollution control; recycling of materials; substitution; toxic substances; training manuals; training material; waste disposal; workplaces.
Canadian Labour Congress, 2841 Riverside Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1V 8X7, Canada, Mar. 1998. 57p. Illus. 7 ref.

CIS 99-1632
Health and Safety Executive
Consideration of the feasibility of developing a simple methodology to assess dispersion in low/zero windspeeds
Topics: air movement; atmospheric pollution; dangerous substances; flammable gases; harmful substances; hazard evaluation; mathematical models; neighbourhood protection; toxic gases; wind.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. vi, 129p. Illus. 47 ref. Price: GBP 37.50.

CIS 99-1224 Thiel S., Schreiber F., Fitzner K.
Adaptation of human perception of odours caused by indoor sources of air pollutants
Adaptation der Geruchsempfindung des Menschen an Luftverunreinigungsquellen in Innenräumen [in German]
Topics: buildings; determination in air; loss of smell; microclimate; odour pollution; odour threshold; olfactometry; smoking.
HLH - Heizung Lüftung/Klima Haustechnik, Jan. 1998, Vol.49, No.1, p.40-43. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 99-766 Environmental Response Video News Magazine No.11, Fall 1998
This videotape contains two feature stories, one dealing with management of badly corroded chlorine and ammonia gas cylinders in American Samoa, the other with bioremediation of an abandoned petroleum refinery and petroleum waste dump. There are also shorter news items on PCB-contaminated oil and water and on cleanup of a feed and grain warehouse contaminated with agricultural chemical dusts. Topics: agricultural chemicals; computer applications; dangerous substances; disposal of harmful waste; environmental pollution; hazard identification; neighbourhood protection; petroleum refining; polychlorinated biphenyls; safety films; USA; videotape.
EPA/ERT MS 101, GSA Raritan Depot 2890, Woodbridge Avenue, Edison, NJ 08837, USA, 1998. 1 videotape (NTSC) (length: 34min).

CIS 99-781 Fedra K.
Integrated risk assessment and management: Overview and state of the art
The integrated use of geographic information systems (GIS) and simulation models in risk assessment and management is described. Based on a dedicated GIS as the central tool and user interface, databases of hazardous installations and hazardous chemicals are linked in a hypertext structure. They include tools for spatial risk assessment based on externally generated risk contours, and links to models describing accidental and continuous atmospheric releases, spills into surface water systems and transportation risk analysis. Model results take the form of interactive graphics and animated topical maps for an intuitive understanding and a more efficient interactive analysis. Topics: chemical hazards; computer analysis; computer simulation; computer-assisted plotting; computerized data bases; dangerous substances; environmental pollution; geographical variables; hazard evaluation; hazardous locations; mathematical models; spills.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Aug. 1998, Vol.61, No.1-3, p.5-22. Illus. 40 ref.

CIS 99-528 Claret J.L.
Waste, a cause of accidents
Les déchets, cause d'accidents [in French]
Topics: accident descriptions; atmospheric pollution; causes of accidents; environmental pollution; France; hazard criteria; industrial waste; occupational accidents; statistical aspects; water pollution.
Face au risque, Mar. 1998, No.341, p.38-42.

CIS 99-302 Buchanan C.R., Dunn-Rankin D.
Transport of surgically produced aerosols in an operating room
Topics: aerosols; computer aided design; computer simulation; germ transport; operating theatres; USA; ventilation design; ventilation systems.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, June 1998, Vol.59, No.6, p.393-402. Illus. 21 ref.

CIS 99-179 March T., Guidi M.
Occupational exposure and environmental pollution due to asbestos during remediation work
Esposizione professionale e inquinamento da amianto durante le opere di bonifica [in Italian]
Topics: air sampling; asbestos removal; asbestos; comment on standard; environmental pollution; exposure evaluation; fibre counts; Italy; personal sampling.
Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1998, Vol.89, No.1, p.58-67. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 99-211 Shakour A.A., El Taieb N.M., Mohamed S.K., Zakey A.S.
Investigation of air quality in the industrial area North Cairo
Topics: atmospheric pollution; ozone; nitrogen dioxide; sulfur dioxide; ammonia; determination in air; Egypt; gaseous effluents; weather.
Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1998, Vol.4, No.2, p.192-204. Illus. 22 ref.

1997

CIS 00-367
Engineering Employers' Federation (EEF)
Think about the environment - An employee's guide to environmental protection
This guide outlines some of the main environmental issues and suggests how employees can act positively to protect the environment. Main topics covered: prevention of emissions, leaks and spillages; waste minimization; reduction in the consumption of energy, cleaning materials (solvents), office materials (paper) and water; reuse (bottles, paper, pallets); recycling; responsible waste handling and disposal.
Safety & Environment Department of the EEF, Customer Services Department, EEF, Broadway House, Tothill Street, London SW1H 9NQ, United Kingdom, 3rd ed., 1997. 31p. Illus. Price: EEF members: GBP 1.20 per copy, min. order 10 copies; non-members: GBP 1.50 per copy.

CIS 99-2002 Leichnitz K.
Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update (43rd) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue presents an overview of the analytical techniques of the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration, describes new analytical systems from the Dräger Corporation as well as their full line of indicator tubes, gives updated versions of the Chemical Safety Law (Chemikaliengesetz), Occupational Safety and Health Law (Arbeitsschutzgesetz) and Technical Rules (TRGS) 900, 903 and 905 on exposure limits, and introduces a consensus document on good laboratory practice and data processing. Topics: atmospheric pollution; chemical safety; compendium; compressed air; dangerous substances; data sheet; determination in air; directive; Germany; laboratory work; law; legislation; manuals; microelectronics; neighbourhood protection; storage tanks; threshold limit values; USA.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 43. Ergänzungslieferung, Nov. 1997. 210p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 99-2001 Leichnitz K.
Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update (42nd) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue continues the overview of the analytical methods of the German Association of Engineers (VDI) begun in the preceding one, and presents an updated texts of the Hazardous Substances Ordinance (Gefahrstoffverordnung) and Technical Rules (TRGS) 402 (Determination and evaluation of concentrations of hazardous substances in workplace air), 522 (Disinfection of spaces with formaldehyde), 900, 901 and 905 (Exposure limits). The German version of European Directive 96/61/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and control is also included. Topics: atmospheric pollution; bitumen; carcinogens; formaldehyde; o-chlorotoluene; o-phenylenediamine; chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; data sheet; determination in air; directive; European Communities; expectant mothers; Germany; law; legislation; manuals; mutagens; neighbourhood protection; nursing mothers; threshold limit values; women, children, young persons.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 42. Ergänzungslieferung, Aug. 1997. 244p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 99-2000 Leichnitz K.
Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update (41st) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue includes: an updated list of standards, technical reports and draft standards under the responsibility of International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committee 146 on Air Quality; an updated summary of selected guidelines and analytical methods of the German Engineers' Association (VDI); the latest version of the Federal Exposure Protection Law (Bundes-Immissionsschutzgesetz) with updates of derived ordinances; the Third General Administrative Rule for the Major Hazard Ordinance (Störfall-Verordnung). Topics: approval; atmospheric pollution; chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; data sheet; determination in air; directive; exhaust gases; Germany; ISO; law; legislation; major hazards; manuals; neighbourhood protection; threshold limit values.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 41. Ergänzungslieferung, May 1997. 268p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 99-1999 Leichnitz K.
Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update (40th) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue presents various exposure limits and toxicity values drawn from Report SFK-GS-07 of the Major Accident Hazard Control Commission (Störfallkommission). It also includes updates to the Hazardous Substances Ordinance (Gefahrstoffverordnung; CIS 94-771) and related Technical Rules: TRGS 101 (Definitions) 102 (Technical Exposure Limits, TRK) 420 (Process- and substance-specific criteria for the reliable long-term maintenance of limit concentrations in air), 440 (Determination and evaluation of risks due to hazardous substances in the workplace; Procedure), 507 (Surface treatment in rooms and vessels), 512 (Fumigation), 513 (Fumigation with ethylene oxide and formaldehyde in sterilization and disinfection installations) and 521 (Fibrous dusts). Topics: airborne dust; atmospheric pollution; carcinogens; formaldehyde; ethylene oxide; chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; determination in air; directive; disinfection of equipment; Germany; law; legislation; man-made fibres; manuals; mineral fibres; mutagens; threshold limit values.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 40. Ergänzungslieferung, Feb. 1997. 216p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 99-1083 Order of 25 September 1997 concerning maximum limits for pesticide residues, modifying Annex II of Royal Decree 280/1994, of 18 February [Spain]
Orden de 25 de septiembre de 1997 sobre límites máximos de residuos de productos fitosanitarios por la que se modifica el Anexo II del Real Decreto 280/1994, de 18 de febrero [España] [in Spanish]
This Order modifies Annex II of decree 280/1994 establishing maximum limits for pesticide residues and their control in certain products of vegetable origin (CIS 99-1080). Topics: agricultural chemicals; food contamination; law; limitation of exposure; pesticides; plant products; Spain; threshold limit values.
Boletín Oficial del Estado, 2 Oct. 1997, No.236, p.28733-28740.

CIS 99-1082 Order of 26 August 1997 concerning maximum limits for pesticide residues, modifying Annex II of Royal Decree 280/1994 [Spain]
Orden de 26 de agosto de 1997 sobre límites máximos de residuos de productos fitosanitarios por la que se modifica el anexo II del Real Decreto 280/1994 [España] [in Spanish]
This Order modifies Annex II Of Decree 280/1994 establishing maximum limits for pesticide residues and their control in certain products of vegetable origin (CIS 99-1080). Topics: agricultural chemicals; food contamination; law; limitation of exposure; pesticides; plant products; Spain; threshold limit values.
Boletín Oficial del Estado, 6 Sep. 1997, No.214, p.26649-26661.

CIS 99-581 Brett Y.B., Pelras O., Claret J.L., Le Botlan M., Girin M.
Water pollution
Dossier: Pollution des eaux [in French]
Topics: accident descriptions; agriculture; analysis of accident causes; bund walls; chemical industry; containment of spills; dangerous substances; elimination of spills; emergency organization; France; leak detection; legal aspects; liquid effluents; pollution control; toxic substances; water pollution.
Face au risque, Mar. 1997, No.331, p.9-32. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 98-242
Health and Safety Executive
The implications of dispersion in low wind speed conditions for quantified risk assessment
Dispersion of hazardous substances in low wind speed conditions and implications for quantified risk assessment (United Kingdom), 1997. Topics: atmospheric pollution; dangerous substances; harmful substances; hazard evaluation; literature survey; mathematical models; neighbourhood protection; report; United Kingdom; wind.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. v, 174p. Illus. 115 ref. Price: GBP 49.50.

CIS 97-1877 Bernhard J.D., et al.
Sick-building syndrome
These three brief communications are in response to a previous article on the causes, symptoms and management of sick-building syndrome (see CIS 97-1178). Factors highlighted include the contribution of extremely dry air to the dessication of skin and mucous membranes, and the role of mycotoxins. A new entity known as slab syndrome, associated with newly-built houses in India, is also described. There is a further reply by the original authors.
Lancet, 28 June 1997, Vol.349, No.9069, p.1913. 8 ref.

CIS 97-2095 Arnetz B.B., Berg M., Arnetz J.
Mental strain and physical symptoms among employees in modern offices
A questionnaire assessed both physical and psychosocial work environments and personal health in 133 Swedish office employees. Environmental factors most often associated with poor work environments were considered. The major indoor air pollutants were emission products from traffic and 1,1,1-trichloroethane from correction fluid. The results point to the importance of looking at both the psychosocial and physical environments when health complaints arise in modern offices.
Archives of Environmental Health, Jan.-Feb. 1997, Vol.52, No.1, p.63-67. 19 ref.

CIS 97-1549 Construction
These seven chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine health and safety issues in the construction industry: brief overview of health and safety requirements in construction work; typical hazards; hazardous materials; asbestos; water based paints; material selection; indoor air quality and costs.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.2, p.649-711. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1640 European oil industry guideline for risk-based assessment of contaminated sites
This report describes a uniform approach to deciding on the corrective action requirements of contaminated oil industry sites in Europe. The approach uses principles of risk-based corrective action whereby the action is appropriately tailored to site-specific conditions and hazards. The three-tired approach involves an initial assessment of the site and collection of data for the Tier 1 assessment. Collected data are compared with risk based screening levels and other criteria. If these criteria are exceeded, further assessment is carried out in Tier 2 and Tier 3 studies. Corrective action techniques are outlined.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, Apr. 1997. vi, 40p.

CIS 97-1076 Chemical products: The Act and Regulations [Sweden]
Kemiska produkter: Lag och förordningar [in Swedish]
This compendium of Swedish legislation (for last edition abstracted, see CIS 94-429) concerning chemical products contains the full texts of: Chemical Products Act (SFS 1985:426 with modifications until SFS 1996:1097); Act on the taxation of batteries harmful to the environment (SFS 1990:1332); Regulation on chemical products (SFS 1985:835 with modifications until SFS 1996:1167); Regulations on pesticides, PCBs, motor fuel, cadmium, certain substances harmful to health or the environment, harmful waste, transport of harmful waste across borders, batteries harmful to the environment, substances destroying the ozone layer, sale and storage of certain volatile solvents, mercury and mercury containing products, oil, incompletely halogenated fluorocarbons (HFCs); Prescriptions of the Chemicals Inspectorate for the classification and labelling of chemical products, and for the provision of material safety data sheets.
Arbetarskyddsnämnden, Box 3208, 103 64 Stockholm, Sweden, 10th ed., 1997. 175p. Illus.
http://www.notisum.se/rnp/sls/lag/19850835.htm [in Swedish]

CIS 97-1201 CONCAWE Review 6:1
Topics covered in this review of CONCAWE's activities relate mainly to environmental standards and the approach to be used when defining them. Contents: the European Union's (EU) acidification strategy; EU air quality limit values; sources of airborne particulate matter; European study on the health effects of air pollution; engine technology and automotive exhaust emissions; gasoline volatility specifications; disposal of used engine oils.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, Vol.6, No.1, Apr. 1997. 25p. Illus.

CIS 97-1178 Redlich C.A., Sparer J., Cullen M.R.
Sick-building syndrome
The causes, symptoms and management of sick-building syndrome (SBS) are reviewed. The syndrome is associated with low-level exposure to chemical, physical and biological hazards in non-industrial indoor environments. It is characterized by non-specific symptoms including mucous-membrane irritation, neurotoxic effects, respiratory symptoms, skin symptoms, and chemosensory changes. While no single environmental factor or group of factors has been established as the single cause of SBS, two important features are air contaminants and ventilation. Assessment of building-related complaints involves occupational and environmental history and an evaluation of indoor air quality in the building.
Lancet, 5 Apr. 1997, Vol.349, No.9057, p.1013-1016. Illus. 24 ref.

CIS 97-933 Rea W.J.
Chemical sensitivity. Volume 4
The final volume in this four-volume set covers techniques and tests required to establish a diagnosis of chemical sensitivity and the treatment of patients who are environmentally ill. Contents includes: therapy for the chemically sensitive patient; patient history and physical examination; laboratory tests; environmental control units; reduction of total body overload through avoidance of pollutants in air, water and food; thermal chamber depuration and physical therapy; injection therapy; nutrition replacement; endocrine treatment; tolerance moderators; psychological aspects; surgery in the chemically sensitive; long-term follow-up.
CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA, 1997. xx, 907p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.

1996

CIS 06-156 Jaitli H., Kumar A.
Dusty dawn - Dust at workplace and workers' nightmares
Dust-related respiratory disorders are among the major causes of disability and death among Indian workers. This document presents a collection of articles on dust-related health problems in India. Topics covered: occupational safety, health and workers' awareness; environmental pollution; dust and occupational diseases in India; toxicants in the environment; lung function in rubber factories; epidemiology of air pollution; steel manufacturing industry; spinning and dyeing industry; sponge iron manufacturing industry; iron ore mining in Goa; cement manufacturing industry; bronchial contamination with toxic metals in mineral-based industries; lung function status of workers exposed to coke dust.
ISociety for Participatory Research in Asia (PRIA), 42 Tuglakabad Institutional Area, New Dehli-110 062, India, 1996. v, 130p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 02-864 Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases (CIS 90-955). Main topics covered: overhaul of the list of analytical methods for dangerous substances; new TRK and MAK values; list of carcinogens, mutagens and substances toxic for reproductive health as defined by the Ministry of Labour.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 36. Ergänzungslieferung, Mar. 1996. 238p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 99-1997 Leichnitz K.
Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update (38th) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue includes a revised description of the official analytical methods for airborne carcinogens of the Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations Berufsgenossenschaften (directive ZH 1/120; CIS 95-268), a revision of the analytical methods of the German Research Association (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft), the latest version of the Chemicals Prohibition Ordinance (Chemikalien-Verbotsverordnung; included in CIS 95-812) and new paragraphs of the Hazardous Substances Ordinance (Gefahrstoffverordnung; CIS 94-771). Topics: aromatic nitro compounds; atmospheric pollution; chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; data sheet; determination in air; directive; exhaust gases; Germany; law; legislation; manuals; neighbourhood protection; prohibition of use; standard; threshold limit values.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 38. Ergänzungslieferung, Sep. 1996. 254p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 99-890 Commins B.
Environmental aspects of manufacturing and use of asbestos products
Topics: asbestos cement industry; asbestos mining; asbestos processing industry; asbestos removal; asbestos; building materials; demolition; developing countries; disposal of harmful waste; dust measurement; environmental pollution; health hazards; limitation of exposure; lung cancer; mesothelioma.
Journal of the Network of African Countries on Cost-effective Building Technologies, Dec. 1996, Vol.4, No.2, p.9-20. 27 ref.

CIS 99-958 Wilhardt P., Breum N.O., Hansen Å.M., Knudsen L.E.
Exposure to air pollution in the transport sector
Eksponering for luftforurening i transportsektoren [in Danish]
Topics: aromatic hydrocarbons; atmospheric pollution; nitrogen dioxide; determination in air; determination in urine; drivers; exposure evaluation; mathematical models; postal services; respirable dust; road transport.
Arbejdsmiljøinstituttet, Lersø Parkallé 105, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1996. 76p. Illus. 36 ref.

CIS 97-1998 McAlinden J.J.
Health and Safety Executive, Directorate of Science and Technology
Remediation of contaminated land, occupational hygiene aspects on the safe selection and use of new soil clean-up techniques
This report describes clean-up techniques used in the decontamination of contaminated land and identifies associated health hazards. Soil clean-up processes examined include biological, chemical, physical, thermal, and stabilization/solidification systems. Potential routes of exposure for workers and members of the public are discussed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Mar. 1996. v, 10p. 9 ref.

CIS 97-2008 Valuing potential environmental liabilities for managerial decision-making: A review of available techniques
This report reviews techniques available for estimating environmental liability costs in industry. Types of environmental liabilities are discussed (compliance with regulations, remediation obligations, fines and penalties, compensation, punitive damages, natural resource damages) and different valuation approaches are examined. Descriptive profiles of 24 specific tools are provided.
Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M Street SW, Washington D.C. 20460, USA, Dec. 1996. vi, 114p. 58 ref.

CIS 97-1993 Genevini P.L.
Toxicity of sewage sludge - Presence of organic xenobiotic compounds
La tossicità dei fanghi di depurazione, presenza di xenobiotici organici [in Italian]
Sludge from sewage treatment may be used in agricultural fertilizing practices. Levels of organic compounds in sludge may often be rather high, but although classified as highly toxic occupational polluting agents, they are not covered by regulations in all European Union countries. The present compilation shows the levels of these pollutants in soil and water, along with data on biodegradation and uptake by vegetables and animals.
Fondazione Lombardia per l'Ambiente, Foro Bonaparte, Milano, Italy, Dec. 1996. 294p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1895 Pollution Prevention Incentives for States (PPIS) grant program: Assessment study
In this publication the EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) presents for the first time a comprehensive assessment of state pollution prevention activities funded by its grant programme. This study does not attempt to compare state programmes or rank them in any manner. Descriptions are provided to illustrate alternative models of implementing pollution prevention programmes. The effectiveness of specific activities is not evaluated; instead, EPA seeks to narrate activities as reported by the grantees.
Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 401 M Street. S.W., Washington D.C. 20460, USA, 1996. 104p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 97-1591 McCunney R.J.
Emergency response to environmental toxic incidents: The role of the occupational physician
Response systems for incidents resulting in accidental environmental releases of hazardous chemicals in the USA are described. Sectors involved in this response include the federal government, the chemical industry, the hospital sector, and professional societies of industrial physicians and others. The role of the industrial physician includes: becoming familiar with computerized sources of information on hazardous substances and their medical management; ensuring that appropriate medical resources are available; participation in training sessions and in local planning committees.
Occupational Medicine, Dec. 1996, Vol.46, No.6, p.397-401. 18 ref.

CIS 97-1585 Priante E., et al.
Exposure of traffic police to urban air pollutants
Esposizione agli inquinanti dell'aria urbana dei vigili municipali [in Italian]
Exposure to dusts and benzene was investigated in 65 non-smoking traffic policemen in the city of Padua (Italy). The mean personal exposure of the policemen to total dust was 0.44mg/m3. The atmospheric concentration of 1-nitropyrene (the principal component of diesel engine emissions) was 0.28ng/m3. The mean concentration of benzene in the breathing zone was 41µg/m3, a level similar to what the city population at large is exposed to. The mean values of urinary benzene before and after the work shift were similar. Levels of exposure of the traffic policemen to dust and 1-nitropyrene was comparable to other occupational groups with this type of risk. Traffic police exposure to benzene is much lower than that of certain other occupational categories, e.g. those engaged in the distribution of hydrocarbon fuels.
Medicina del lavoro, July-Aug. 1996, Vol.87, No.4, p.314-322. 30 ref.

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