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Mental stress and burnout - 1,105 entries found

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CIS 01-1268 Richter G.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Mental load and strain - Stress, mental fatigue, monotony mental exhaustion
Psychische Belastung und Beanspruchung - Stress, psychische Ermüdung, Monotonie, psychische Sättigung [in German]
Topics: behaviour prediction; behaviour study; check lists; Germany; mental stress; monotonous work; nervous fatigue; neuropsychic stress; stress factors.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH, Bürgermeister-Smidt-Str. 74-46, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1997. viii, 92p. Illus. 88 ref.

CIS 01-781 Borsch-Galetke E., Struwe F.
Mental stress and strain in the light of changes in the working world and environment; Carcinogenesis and cocarcinogenesis - Colloqium on Occupational Medicine organized by the Mutual of Industrial Accident Insurance Associations
Psychomentale Belastungen und Beanspruchungen im Wandel von Arbeitswelt und Umwelt; Kanzerogenese und Synkanzerogenese - Arbeitsmedizinsches Kolloquium der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften [in German]
Proceedings of a symposium on occupational medicine, with special attention paid to mental stress and strain and to carcinogenesis, held in Wiesbaden, Germany, 12-15 May 1997. The main topics under which papers were presented were: psychological stress and strain; carcinogenesis and carcinogens; radiation and lung cancer issues at the WISMUT uranium trust in former East Germany; automobile exhaust gases and pyrolysis products; whole-body vibration; Helicobacter pylori infection among student nurses; lung function measurement; work physiology, work psychology and performance evaluation; solvents (with emphasis on ethylene oxide); metals and waste materials; women at work; the environment and the working environment; problems of the spine; toxicity tests; metal toxicity; occupational problems affecting the urogenital system; allergies and infections; the respiratory tract.
Institut für Arbeitsmedizin der Medizinischen Universität zu Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538 Lübeck, Germany, 1997. 701p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 00-1198 Pérez Bilbao J., Martín Daza F.
Social support
El apoyo social [in Spanish]
Topics: adaptation of man to work; data sheet; human relations; mental stress; psychology and sociology; role of supervisory staff; social aspects; social climate; Spain; state of health; stress factors.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 6p. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 00-1197 Martín Daza F., Nogareda Cuixart C.
Stress prevention: Acting at the organization level
Prevención del estrés: intervención sobre la organización [in Spanish]
Topics: data sheet; human behaviour; human relations; information of personnel; responsibilities of employees; role of supervisory staff; Spain; stress factors; supply of information; work organization; workers participation.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 8p. 9 ref.

CIS 00-1190 Bonnefoy P., Knab A., Kelfa C., Wurth M.
Bus drivers exposed to problem suburbs
Le chauffeur de bus face au problème des banlieues [in French]
Topics: age-linked differences; anxiety; buses; conditions of work; cross-sectional study; depressive neurosis; drivers; epidemiologic study; France; job dissatisfaction; mental stress; neuropsychic stress; public transport; questionnaire survey; social aspects; statistical evaluation; violence; work time schedules.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1997, Vol.37, No.1, p.17-25. 10 ref.

CIS 00-897 Kvarnström S.
Stress prevention for blue-collar workers in assembly-line production
Topics: assemblers; assembly-line work; blue-collar workers; ILO; mental stress; role of management; stress evaluation; stress factors; work organization; workers participation; workplace design.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1997. 32p. 11 ref.

CIS 99-1743 Ooi P.L., Goh K.T.
Sick building syndrome: An emerging stress-related disorder?
A case-control study used data from confidential questionnaires to assess symptoms and perception of the physical and psychosocial environment among 2,160 subjects in 67 offices. Working conditions were also inspected and indoor air quality monitored. An incremental trend in prevalence of sick building syndrome was found among office workers who reported high levels of physical and mental stress, and decreasing climate of co-operation. This association was confirmed after multivariate adjustment for significant personal and environmental exposure factors. The study confirmed stress to be a significant and independent determinant of the health complaints, and that symptoms compatible with the sick building syndrome were, in many cases, stress-related. Topics: case-control study; CRT display terminals; neuropsychic stress; office work; questionnaire survey; risk factors; sick building syndrome; social aspects; subjective assessment; thermal comfort.
International Journal of Epidemiology, 1997, Vol.26, No.6, p.1243-1249. 40 ref.

CIS 99-1730 Boey K.W., Chan K.B., Ko Y.C., Goh L.G., Lim G.C.
Work stress and psychological well-being among the nursing profession in Singapore
A questionnaire survey investigated work stress and its relationship with psychological well-being among nurses. The eight areas of work stress identified were found to be negatively related to psychological well-being of the nurses, with stronger effects on anxiety and depression than sense of adequacy. Certain work stressors were more detrimental than others. They may also exert differential effects on affective and cognitive stress reactions. Topics: conditions of work; human relations; job dissatisfaction; neuropsychic stress; nursing personnel; questionnaire survey; Singapore; stress evaluation; stress factors; subjective assessment.
Singapore Medical Journal, 1997, Vol.38, No.6, p.256-260. 19 ref.

CIS 99-1386 Doppler F., Falzon P.
Stress induced by mental work
Astreinte induite par le travail mental [in French]
Replaces CIS 87-1111. Topics: encyclopaedia; fatigue; human failure; literature survey; man-machine interfaces; mental stress; mental work; mental workload; stress evaluation; stress factors; subjective assessment; visual tasks.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 2nd Quarter 1997, No.115, 6p. Illus. 20 ref.

CIS 99-1384 Arnetz B.B.
Technological stress: Psychophysiological aspects of working with modern information technology
In a study of the bodily, mental and psychophysiological reactions of employees involved in the design of advanced telecommunications systems and of office employees using regular video display technology, several stress-related psychosomatic disorders were identified. They include sleep disturbances, psychophysiological stress and somatic complaints. Controlled intervention programmes aimed at enhancing organizational structures and individual coping strategies have proved effective in counteracting the negative effects of working with information technology. The two-way interaction between the external information technology environment and bodily and mental reactions needs to be taken into account in the design and use of modern information technology. Topics: biological effects; computers; CRT display terminals; human factors; mental health; neuropsychic stress; new technologies; office work; programme evaluation; psychological and psychiatric services; psychological effects; psychosomatic disorders; questionnaire survey; sleep disturbances; social aspects; telecommunications.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 1997, Vol.23, Suppl.3, p.97-103. Illus. 43 ref.

CIS 99-1044 Liberati A.
Stress and work: What is the meaning of "stress"
Stress e lavoro: che cosa si deve intendere per "stress"? [in Italian]
Topics: biological effects; literature survey; mental stress; neuropsychic stress; stress factors; stress studies.
Fogli d'informazione ISPESL, Oct.-Dec. 1997, Vol.10, No.4, p.40-48. Illus. 25 ref.

CIS 99-342 Conference on stress and mental health among health care workers - 28 November 1996
Jornada sobre estrés y salud mental en el personal sanitario - 28 de noviembre de 1996 [in Spanish]
Topics: compensation of occupational diseases; conference; degree of disability; drug dependence; health care personnel; health services; job dissatisfaction; medico-legal aspects; mental health; neuropsychic stress; overstrain; psychological effects; Spain; stress factors.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1997, Vol.XLIV, No.172, p.81-172. Illus. Bibl ref.

CIS 99-349 Rieu S.
Nursing the wounds of bullying
Policy guidelines on bullying issued by the Irish Nurses Organisation cover the consequences of bullying, the responsibilities of employers and unions and advice for nurses who feel they are being bullied. An education programme for management is recommended. Topics: bullying; health services; human behaviour; human relations; Ireland; legal aspects; neuropsychic stress; nursing personnel.
Health and Safety, Oct. 1997, p.41-43. 1 ref.

CIS 99-345 Anderzén I., Arnetz B.B.
Psychophysiological reactions during the first year of a foreign assignment: Results of a controlled longitudinal study
Topics: biological effects; blood pressure; cultural variables; enzyme activity; foreign workers; hormone secretion rate; hours of work; job dissatisfaction; mental health; migrant workers; neuropsychic stress; non-occupational factors; psychological effects; pulse rate; social aspects; stress factors.
Work and Stress, Oct.-Dec. 1997, Vol.11, No.4, p.304-318. 44 ref.

CIS 99-350 Färber C.
Burning flame - Psychosocial factors in the workplace: the example of burnout
Feuer und Flamme. Psychosoziale Belastungen im Arbeitsleben am Beispiel Burnout [in German]
Topics: adaptation of man to work; depressive neurosis; educational institutions; Germany; human relations; neuropsychic stress; nursing personnel; offices; overstrain; psychology and sociology.
Kooperationsstelle Hamburg, Besenbinderhof 60, 20097 Hamburg, Germany, 1st ed., Apr. 1997. 58p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 10.00.

CIS 98-1745 Orris P., Hartman D.E., Strauss P., Anderson R.J., Collins J., Knopp C., Xu Y., Melius J.
Stress among package truck drivers
Topics: deliverymen; drivers; mental stress; physical workload; questionnaire survey; road transport; stress factors; subjective assessment; USA; work organization.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 1997, Vol.31, No.2, p.202-210. 19 ref.

CIS 98-1539 Khebbeb A., Gueroui S.
Stress and the quality of life at work in a company in the south of Algeria
Stress et qualité de vie au travail. Diagnostic de situation d'une entreprise du sud algérien [in French]
Topics: Algeria; conditions of work; job dissatisfaction; mental stress; psychology of work organization; questionnaire survey; stress evaluation; stress factors.
Journal Algérien de Médecine, Nov.-Dec. 1997, Vol.7, No.6, p.263-267. 13 ref.

CIS 98-1198 Oncins de Frutos M.
Work psychosociology: Trainer's guide
Psicosociología del trabajo: guía del monitor [in Spanish]
Topics: human factors; human relations; individual variables; job dissatisfaction; mental stress; neuropsychic stress; occupational psychology; psychological effects; psychology of work organization; social aspects; Spain; stress evaluation; stress factors; training course; training manuals; training material.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 205p. Illus.

CIS 98-1032 Barnes P.
A risk-based approach to occupational stress among urban firefighters
Topics: biological effects; fire services; neuropsychic stress; psychological effects; stress factors.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 1997, Vol.13, No.6, p.549-555. 37 ref.

CIS 98-557 del Hoyo Delgado M.A.
Job-related stress
Estrés laboral [in Spanish]
Topics: health hazards; human relations; mental stress; psychological effects; Spain; stress evaluation; stress factors; training material.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 50p. Illus. 21 ref.

CIS 98-1039 Guyomard A., Gauterand D., Longueville J.M.
Study of the mental workload of educators
Etude de la charge mentale des éducateurs [in French]
Topics: conditions of work; educational institutions; France; mental stress; mental workload; questionnaire survey; stress evaluation.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1997 No.2, p.165-171. 8 ref.

CIS 98-1038 Andrieu F., Ducouret B., Guinel P., Knab A.
Employee fatigue: A descriptive approach to the phenomenon
La fatigue des salariés: une approche descriptive du phénomène [in French]
Topics: age-linked differences; fatigue; France; hours of work; mental stress; questionnaire survey; risk factors; sex-linked differences; sleep disturbances; social aspects.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1997, No.2, p.157-163. 13 ref.

CIS 98-1030 Langan-Fox J., Deery T., van Vliet S.
Power motivation, illness, coping strategies and psychological stress in police trainees
Topics: character; health impairment; human behaviour; individual susceptibility; motivation; neuropsychic stress; police forces; stress studies.
Work and Stress, Apr.-June 1997, Vol.11, No.2, p.186-195. 31 ref.

CIS 98-1036 Walsh J.J., Wilding J.M., Eysenck M.W., Valentine J.D.
Neuroticism, locus of control, Type A behaviour pattern and occupational stress
Topics: character; determination in saliva; human behaviour; individual susceptibility; mental health; neuropsychic stress; neurosis; stress studies; subjective assessment.
Work and Stress, Apr.-June 1997, Vol.11, No.2, p.148-159. 66 ref.

CIS 98-1029 Biggam F.H., Power K.G., Macdonald R.R., Carcary W.B., Moodie E.
Self-perceived occupational stress and distress in a Scottish police force
Topics: job dissatisfaction; neuropsychic stress; police forces; questionnaire survey; Scotland; sickness absenteeism; social aspects; stress factors; stress studies; subjective assessment; United Kingdom.
Work and Stress, Apr.-June 1997, Vol.11, No.2, p.118-133. 39 ref.

CIS 98-1035 Carson J., Fagin L., Brown D., Leary J., Bartlett H.
Self-esteem and stress in mental health nurses
Topics: neuropsychic stress; nursing personnel; occupational psychology; questionnaire survey; stress factors; United Kingdom.
Nursing Times, Oct. 1997, Vol.93, No.44, p.55-58. Illus. 25 ref.

CIS 98-1034 Shimizu Y., Makino S., Takata T.
Employee stress status during the past decade (1982-1992) based on a nation-wide survey conducted by the Ministry of Labour in Japan
Nation-wide survey of employee stress status in Japan. Topics: age-linked differences; Japan; mental stress; questionnaire survey; sex-linked differences; smoking; social aspects; statistical trends; stress factors.
Industrial Health, July 1997, Vol.35, No.3, p.441-450. 23 ref.

CIS 98-1033 Gahal, Akrout M., Khelil A., Soltani M.S., Skhiri T.
Occupational stress among health care workers
Stress professionnel chez les agents de santé [in French]
Topics: cross-sectional study; health care personnel; hospitals; mental stress; physical workload; psychosomatic disorders; questionnaire survey; sex-linked differences; speed of work; stress factors; Tunisia; work organization.
SST - Santé et Sécurité au Travail, Mar. 1997, No.2, p.31-33. 7 ref.

CIS 98-346 Stress at work
Stress lié au travail [in French]
Series of articles on the causes and management of stress at work. Topics: biological effects; conditions of work; economic aspects; European Communities; mental stress; mental workload; ongoing research; psychological effects; risk factors; women.
Euro Review - Euro Revue, 1997, (prototype), p.1-24. + Insert 12p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 98-345 Miller D.M.
Improving mental well-being in the workplace
Survey of mental health problems in the workplace and assessment of the information and training needs of occupational physicians. Topics: information dissemination; mental disorders; mental health; mental stress; occupational medicine; questionnaire survey; stress factors; United Kingdom; vocational training.
Occupational Medicine, Nov. 1997, Vol.47, No.8, p.463-467. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 98-96 Fromaigeat D.
Stress at work
Stress au travail [in French]
Topics: biological effects; human behaviour; manuals; mental stress; psychological effects; social aspects; stress evaluation; stress factors; Switzerland; training material.
Office cantonal de l'Inspection et des Relations du Travail, Département de l'économie publique, 23 rue Ferdinand-Hodler, Case postale 3974, 1211 Genève 3, Switzerland, Oct. 1997. 41p. 28 ref.

CIS 98-319 Wahlstedt K.G.I., Edling C.
Organizational changes at a postal sorting terminal - Their effects upon work satisfaction, psychosomatic complaints and sick leave
Topics: human relations; job dissatisfaction; mental stress; postal services; psychosomatic disorders; questionnaire survey; shift work; sickness absenteeism; social aspects; Sweden; work organization.
Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1997, Vol.11, No.3, p.279-291. 15 ref.

CIS 98-341 Greenglass E.R., Burke R.J., Konarski R.
The impact of social support on the development of burnout in teachers: Examination of a model
Topics: Canada; educational institutions; human relations; job dissatisfaction; mental stress; questionnaire survey; social aspects; stress factors; teaching.
Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1997, Vol.11, No.3, p.267-278. 57 ref.

CIS 98-344 Jex S.M., Adams G.A., Elacqua T.C., Lux D.J.
A comparison of incident-based and scale measures of work stressors
Topics: human relations; job dissatisfaction; mental stress; mental workload; stress factors; stress studies; subjective assessment.
Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1997, Vol.11, No.3, p.229-238. 36 ref.

CIS 98-340 Ulleberg P., Rundmo T.
Job stress, social support, job satisfaction and absenteeism among offshore oil personnel
Topics: job dissatisfaction; mental stress; Norway; offshore oil extraction; petroleum and natural gas industry; physical workload; questionnaire survey; risk awareness; sickness absenteeism; social aspects; stress factors.
Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1997, Vol.11, No.3, p.215-228. 48 ref.

CIS 98-142 Reis T.J., Elkind P.D.
Influences on farm safety practice in Eastern Washington
Influences of social factors and personal attitudes on farm safety practice in Eastern Washington, USA. Topics: agriculture; human behaviour; mental stress; safety consciousness; survey; USA.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.193-205. 16 ref.

CIS 98-338 Thu K., Lasley P., Whitten P., Lewis M., Donham K.J., Zwerling C., Scarth R.
Stress as a risk factor for agricultural injuries: Comparative data from the Iowa Farm Family Health and Hazard Survey (1994) and the Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll (1989)
Topics: agriculture; injuries; Iowa; mental stress; stress factors; survey; USA.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.181-191. 18 ref.

CIS 97-2085 Kageyama T., et al.
Commuting, overtime and cardiac autonomic activity in Tokyo
The relation between short-term heart rate variability (HRV) and commuting time or overtime was investigated in 223 Japanese white-collar workers. Chronic stress or fatigue resulting from long commuting time or extensive overtime appeared to cause a sympathodominant state in these individuals. Although these shifts in HRV are not direct indicators of disease, they may induce cardiovascular abnormalities related to the onset of heart disease.
Lancet, 30 Aug. 1997, Vol.350, No.9078, p.639. 4 ref.

CIS 97-2092 Williams S., et al.
Senior house officers' work related stressors, psychological distress, and confidence in performing clinical tasks in accident and emergency: A questionnaire study
A questionnaire survey of 171 newly appointed accident and emergency senior house officers from 27 hospitals in the United Kingdom showed that psychological distress was linked to confidence in performing a range of clinical and practical activities. Factors identified as causing stress during consultations included difficulties with communication, certain clinical presentations, and organizational factors (particularly workload). Results support the need to monitor and build confidence in these workers and to address work-related stressors.
British Medical Journal, Mar. 1997, Vol.314, p.713-718. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 97-2105 Everson S.A., et al.
Interaction of workplace demands and cardiovascular reactivity in progression of carotid atherosclerosis: Population based study
This follow up study considered unestablished as well as traditional risk factors for carotid atherosclerosis, ischaemic heart disease, and other outcomes in 591 Finnish men, aged 42-60, who were fully employed at baseline and had complete data on the measures of carotid atherosclerosis, job demands, blood pressure reactivity and covariates. Changes were observed in ultrasonographically assessed intima-media thickness of the common carotid arteries. Significant interactions between workplace demands and stress induced reactivity were observed. Men with large changes in systolic blood pressure and with high job demands had 10-40% greater progression of mean and maximum intima-media thickness and plaque height than men who were less reactive and had fewer job demands. Men who showed stress-induced blood pressure reactivity and who reported high job demands experienced the greatest atherosclerotic progression.
British Medical Journal, Feb. 1997, Vol.314, p.553-558. 25 ref.

CIS 97-2102 Benishek L.A., Lopez F.G.
Critical evaluation of hardiness theory: Gender differences, perception of life events, and neuroticism
This study is a contribution towards obtaining a better understanding of "hardiness", a much criticized concept involving how one copes with life stress. Differences between men and women in the presence of hardiness and other parameters were assessed in a sample of adult employees (91 males and 85 females). A previous model of the hardiness paradigm was based on frequency scores of life stressors for men. This investigation shows that neuroticism has an important impact on life stress and health and that this influence is particularly important for women.
Work and Stress, Jan.-Mar.1997, Vol.11, No.1, p.33-45. 77 ref.

CIS 97-2101 McCormick J.
An attribution model of teachers' occupational stress and job satisfaction in a large educational system
Report of a study on the occupational stress and job satisfaction of teachers in the State of New South Wales, Australia, conducted through questionnaires distributed to 109 schools of various types. Stress attributable to student misbehaviour was associated with immature self-defence styles. Teachers satisfied with their occupation attributed greater responsibility for stress to self than did dissatisfied ones.
Work and Stress, Jan.-Mar. 1997, Vol.11, No.1, p.17-32. 48 ref.

CIS 97-2100 Curtis A.B., et al.
Job strain and blood pressure in African Americans: The Pitt County Study
The possible association of overstrain with elevated blood pressure levels was investigated in a prospective cohort study of hypertension among African Americans in North Carolina. Job strain was only weakly associated with blood pressure among men or women in this study. However, in men a statistical significant association was observed between one component of job strain (decision latitude), which was inversely associated with hypertension prevalence. For women high job demand tended to be associated with higher diastolic blood pressure.
American Journal of Public Health, Aug. 1997, Vol.87, No.8, p.1297-1302. 29 ref.

CIS 97-1873 Siegrist J.
Working conditions and cardiovascular disease
Methods for assessing the role of stress in work-related illness are examined. Two concepts are put forward: the demand-control model of work stress, where the combined effect of high job demand and low job control may lead to stress reactions; and the effort-reward imbalance model, where similar tasks may produce different psychological and physiological reactions depending on an individual's method of coping with work demands. Use of the models in stress studies is described and the direct and indirect effects of stress on coronary heart disease are discussed. Preventive measures are outlined.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Nov. 1997, Vol.15, No.11, p.35-37. 5 ref.

CIS 97-2095 Arnetz B.B., Berg M., Arnetz J.
Mental strain and physical symptoms among employees in modern offices
A questionnaire assessed both physical and psychosocial work environments and personal health in 133 Swedish office employees. Environmental factors most often associated with poor work environments were considered. The major indoor air pollutants were emission products from traffic and 1,1,1-trichloroethane from correction fluid. The results point to the importance of looking at both the psychosocial and physical environments when health complaints arise in modern offices.
Archives of Environmental Health, Jan.-Feb. 1997, Vol.52, No.1, p.63-67. 19 ref.

CIS 97-1562 Visual display units
These five chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine health and safety aspects of visual display units (VDUs): work posture and muscular load at VDU work (musculoskeletal illness and discomfort, postural load, a reference work posture giving the operator minimum static muscle activity, health consequences of applying ergonomic principles); visual conditions for VDU workplaces; optometric procedures (viewing angle, use of spectacles); electromagnetic fields and noise; psychosocial risk factors.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.2, p.173-235. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1528 Occupational medicine
These 20 chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine selected issues in occupational medicine: a forward looking approach to occupational medicine; how workplace chemicals enter the body; basic concepts of toxicology; epidemiology; prevention of musculoskeletal disorders; lung disorders; chemicals and hypersensitivity in the airways; allergy and other hypersensitivity; causes of occupational dermatoses; neurological diseases; occupational cancer; reproductive health; radiation injuries; health effects of noise exposure; vibration-induced disorders; carpal tunnel syndrome; stress-related illness; economic aspects of occupational health; health and safety in a multinational company; occupational databases and the Internet.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.1, p.745-977. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1745 Schenker M.B., et al.
Self-reported stress and reproductive health of female lawyers
In a questionnaire survey of 584 female lawyers aged 25 to 63, job hours per week was a strong predictor of job stress. Women who worked more than 45 hours per week during their first trimester of pregnancy were more likely to report high stress at work during pregnancy. Weekly job hours during the first trimester of pregnancy showed a strong independent association with spontaneous abortion risk, as did 7 or more alcohol drinks per week. Self-reported stress during pregnancy was positively, but not significantly, associated with spontaneous abortion.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 1997, Vol.39, No.6, p.556-568. 40 ref.

CIS 97-1738 Highley-Marchington C., Cooper C.L.
Why care about care?
The results of a survey of Employee Assistance Programmes (EAPs) in the United Kingdom are presented. The main characteristics of the programmes are described and the views of EAP providers, counsellors, purchasers and clients are summarized. Reasons given for introducing a counselling service into an organization were to help employees adapt to change, to respond to high stress levels within the organization, to generally support staff, and to 'appear' to be a caring organization. Topics discussed include confidentiality, competence and recruitment of counsellors, and evaluation of the programmes.
Health and Safety at Work, May 1997, Vol.19, No.5, p.23-26. 2 ref.

CIS 97-1737 Kogan H.
Breaking the glass ceiling
The health and safety implications of balancing work and family responsibilities are examined. The conflict between meeting the needs of children and the demands of work are discussed along with the potential effects of stress and fatigue on ill-health and occupational accidents. Examples of employers' initiatives in providing flexible working arrangements and career breaks are described. It is concluded that the implementation of sensitive work practices would reduce the effects of fatigue, anxiety and stress for working parents.
Health and Safety at Work, May 1997, Vol.19, No.5, p.10-12. 7 ref.

CIS 97-1399 Cotton P.
Posttraumatic stress disorder
Reviews the causes and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and provides guidelines for managing trauma responses: organizational factors (supportive management practice and positive working relationships with peers and supervisors); adequate access to targeted group debriefing; early access to professional intervention; monitoring incident occurrence and assessing the risk; worker training and education.
Australian Safety News, Feb. 1997, Vol.68, No.1, p.44-47. Illus.

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