Mental stress and burnout - 1,105 entries found
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- Mental stress and burnout
Stress at work
Topics: cardiovascular disorders; conditions of work; health hazards; human relations; mental health; musculoskeletal diseases; neuropsychic stress; role of management; stress factors; work design; work organization.
Publications Dissemination, EID, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, 1999. 26p. Illus. 12 ref.
Büssing A., Schmitt S.
Work load as a condition for emotional exhaustion and depersonalization within the burnout process
Arbeitsbelastungen als Bedingungen von emotionaler Erschöpfung und Depersonalisation im Burnoutprozess [in German]
A study involving 482 nurses working in different hospital units was performed in order to investigate the influence of work demand factors on burnout components, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. It was found that work stress factors correlated with emotional exhaustion. Besides physical and psychological stress factors, factors such as social stress and interactive stress also have an influence. However, higher burnout or work stress were not observed for nurses working in intensive care units. This could be due to the fact that social and interaction-related situations are less important than technical and medical factors in these units. Stresses relevant for burnout occur where the interaction with patients and other professionals are most important.
Zeitschrift für Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie, 2nd Quarter 1998, Vol.42, No.2, p.76-88. 54 ref.
Ergonomics problems in call centres
Ergonomieprobleme in Call Centern [in German]
A call centre which provides advice to customers and accepts telephone orders for the purchase of components for digital television sets is used to illustrate the shortcomings of workplace design and the stress faced by employees in call centres. The call centre with 36 workstations is accommodated in an open-plan office. Each workstation is equipped with a computer and a 21-inch visual display unit in addition to the telephone. The workers have to handle a minimum of three programmes simultaneously on the computer. The visual display units assume much space on the tables leaving very little room for the arms and hands to rest. There is no local illumination and no sound isolation. Pay is low. Time pressure and pressure to achieve a large number of purchase orders are high. Pain in the neck, shoulder and arm, headaches and eyestrain are frequently reported by workers. In addition, job dissatisfaction is high. Aside from an improvement of the ergonomic workplace design it is recommended to train workers to improve their communication skills and to pay them in accordance with their performance.
Computer Fachwissen für Betriebs- und Personalräte, Dec. 1998, Vol.7, No.12, p.10-16. Illus.
Chouanière D., Jolibois S., Mouzé-Amadi M., Grandjean F., François M.
Documention on occupational stress
Une base documentaire sur le stress professionnel [in French]
Topics: computer applications; computerized data bases; health hazards; internet document; literature survey; mental stress; stress studies.
Travail et sécurité, Dec. 1998, No.579, p.8-11. Illus.
Jacquinet-Salord M.C., Segalen M., Manillier P.
Quality of life at work and mental health of 3279 employees of small and medium sized undertakings of the Paris area
Qualité de vie au travail et santé mentale de 3279 salariés de petites et moyennes entreprises de la région parisienne [in French]
The purpose of this study was to assess the state of mental health among workers in the Paris region and to demonstrate a possible relationship with the actual work experience. The survey covered a group of 3,279 employees of small- and medium-sized undertakings using a standard questionnaire covering demographic characteristics and the perception of working conditions. Mental health evaluation was carried out using the Langner and Amiel total health test. The mental health judgement relative to actual work experiences was generally satisfactory, particularly in the higher socio-professional categories. A relationship was also noted between mental health, on one hand, and level of autonomy, intra-company communications, and environmental factors, on the other.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Oct. 1998, Vol.59, No.6, p.389-394. 12 ref.
Sluiter J.K., van der Beek A.J., Frings-Dresen M.H.W.
Work stress and recovery measured by urinary catecholamines and cortisol excretion in long distance coach drivers
The urinary excretion rate of adrenaline, noradrenaline, and cortisol of 10 coach drivers was studied during a long distance trip of three days and two consecutive days off. The second day off was considered as the baseline. An occupationally induced disturbance of the circadian rhythmicity was found for adrenaline and noradrenaline but not for cortisol. The drivers showed occupationally induced reactivity in rates of urinary excretion of adrenaline, noradrenaline, and cortisol. After the outward journey the rates of excretion of catecholamines did not return to baseline values. The course of recovery in adrenaline excretion after the journey showed a new phenomenon, which has been called "fatigue debt". It is recommended that longer resting times in shuttle bus trips and fixed days off after these kind of trips should be planned.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 1998, Vol.55, No.6, p.407-413. Illus. 21 ref.
Shrimpton M., Storey K., Husberg W.
Workers in remote areas: Case studies on the petroleum, mining and forestry industries
Topics: conditions of work; escape and exit; heavy work; ILO; logging; mental stress; mining industry; offshore oil extraction; personal protective equipment; plant safety and health organization; risk factors; safety and health training; shift work; social aspects; stress factors; thermal environment; welfare facilities; work in isolation; work organization.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, Jan. 1998. 85p. Illus. 45 ref.
Ponnelle S., Vaxevanoglou X.
Coping with daily stress: Firefighters in emergency situations
Le stress au quotidien: les sapeurs-pompiers en intervention [in French]
Topics: emotivity; fire fighting; fire services; France; mental stress; neuropsychic stress; questionnaire survey; stress factors.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, May 1998, Vol.59, No.3, p.190-199. 22 ref.
Giannini A.M., Bonaiuto P.
Stress characteristics and conditions in people working with computers: Ideas for preventive action
Caratteristiche e condizioni dello stress negli operatori al computer: Indicazioni per la prevenzione [in Italian]
Major study of mental stress in people who work regularly with computers. Contents: definition of stress and its opposite states; criteria for the classification of different kinds of stress; study techniques; short-term stress and the so-called alarm phase; principal medium- and long-term effects of stress - resistance and burn-out phases; stress, comfort and computer and telecommunication technologies - work with computers; ideas for prevention (main areas for intervention: training, work equipment, working environment, job activities, factors outside the job, personality issues, forms of specific job training).
Istituto Italiano di Medicina Sociale, Via P.S. Mancini, 28, 00196 Roma, Italy, 1998. xi, 112p. Illus. Approx. 300 ref.
Stress, well-being and the Framework Directive - The Dutch experience
Topics: comment on directive; conditions of work; directive; European Communities; exposure evaluation; hazard evaluation; humanization of work; implementation of control measures; labour inspection; legislation; mental stress; Netherlands; statistics; stress factors; welfare facilities.
European Trade Union Technical Bureau for Health and Safety (TUTB), 155 Bd Emile Jacqmain, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1998. 30p. Illus. 41 ref.
Analysis of risks in hospitals: Stress and burnout
Analyse des risques dans les hôpitaux: stress et burnout [in French]
Risicoanalyse in de gezondheidssector: Stress en burnout [in Dutch]
Topics: health care personnel; hospitals; job dissatisfaction; mental stress; nervous fatigue; neuropsychic stress; occupational psychology; overstrain; plant safety and health organization; social climate; stress factors.
Service des publications, Ministère fédéral de l'Emploi et du Travail, Commissariat général à la promotion du travail, rue Belliard 51, 1040 Bruxelles, Belgium, Dec. 1998. 40p. Illus. 23 ref.
Occupational life-time of fire fighters
Lebensarbeitszeit der Feuerwehrleute [in German]
The average life expectancy of professional fire fighters in Munich in 1997 was 65.4 years, far lower than the average life expectancy of 72.77 years of the male population in Germany in 1996. The causes for the lower life expectancy include continued night work throughout the years of active employment and multiple stress factors, such as the manipulation of heavy equipment, life-threatening duties, being injured at work, witnessing the death of a colleague or a child, understaffing, and increasing medical ambulance duties. Professional fire fighters above age 55 have limited ability to cope with requirements, and those above 60 no longer have the ability. The retirement age should be 55, rather than 61 as planned under current discussions on the extension of working life in Germany.
Gewerkschaft öffentliche Dienste, Transport und Verkehr, Abteilung Feuerwehr, Theodor-Heuss-Strasse 2, 70174 Stuttgart, Germany, Apr. 1998. 57p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Niedhammer I., Goldberg M., Leclerc A., Bugel I., David S.
Psychosocial factors at work and subsequent depressive symptoms in the Gazel cohort
A prospective cohort of workers employed in a wide variety of occupations by the French national company EDF-GDF was studied in order to establish whether psychosocial factors at work are predictors of depressive symptoms. Self-administered questionnaires provided information about the psychosocial work environment characteristics, psychological job demands, decision latitude, and social support at work. Potential confounding variables were age, marital status, number of children, stressful personal and occupational events during the previous 12 months, educational level, occupation and previous absenteeism for mental disorders. High levels of psychological demands, low levels of decision latitude, and low levels of social support at work were significant predictors of subsequent depressive symptoms in both men and women workers. Results strongly support the possibility that psychosocial factors at work are predictive of depressive symptoms.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, June 1998, Vol.24, No.3, p.197-205. 39 ref.
Martín Daza F., Pérez Bilbao J., López García-Silva J.A.
Psychological harassment at work: Mobbing
El hostigamiento psicológico en el trabajo: mobbing [in Spanish]
Topics: bullying; data sheet; human behaviour; human relations; neuropsychic stress; psychological effects; Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 6p. 10 ref.
Kalliath T.J., O'Driscoll M.P., Gillespie D.F.
The relationship between burnout and organizational commitment in two samples of health professionals
Relationships between dimensions of burnout and employee commitment to the organization were tested in two hospital samples, using structural equations analysis. Whereas burnout has typically been assumed to be a predictor of organizational commitment, the present data provided support for the converse hypothesis, that low commitment contributes to the experience of burnout. Specifically, in a sample of nurses, commitment showed direct effects on emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, and a weaker indirect effect (via exhaustion) on depersonalization. A similar pattern of effects emerged in a sample of laboratory technicians from the same organization, although in this case the direct linkage between organizational commitment and depersonalization was not statistically significant. Implications for organizational efforts to reduce burnout are discussed. Topics: health care personnel; human behaviour; laboratory work; neuropsychic stress; nursing personnel; overstrain; questionnaire survey; stress studies.
Work and Stress, Apr.-June 1998, Vol.12, No.2, p.179-185. 28 ref.
Sharit J., Czaja S.J., Nair S.N., Hoag D.W., Leonard D.C., Dilsen E.K.
Subjective experiences of stress, workload, and bodily discomfort as a function of age and type of computer work
A sample of 394 subjects ranging in age from 20-75 years performed a computer task (data entry, information retrieval, and accounts balancing) across a 3-day period. Age differences in the subjective experience of stress, workload, and bodily discomfort were evaluated. The results indicated that age effects for these measures varied according to task. The older subjects perceived greater workload for the more mentally challenging problem-solving oriented accounts balancing task (which involved a graphical user interface) than the younger participants, even with increased exposure to the task. However, the older subjects generally experienced less stress than the younger subjects on an information retrieval task that involved a more socially interactive telephone component. A positive relationship between the frustration component of workload and the measure of stress was also found, suggesting an important link between the constructs of stress and workload. Overall, the outcomes of this study provide important insights into design interventions intended to accommodate older as well as younger persons in the workforce. Topics: age; age-linked differences; comfort assessment; CRT display terminals; mental stress; mental workload; office work; physical workload; questionnaire survey; stress evaluation; subjective assessment; work capacity; workload assessment.
Work and Stress, Apr.-June 1998, Vol.12, No.2, p.125-144. Illus. 24 ref.
Rose J., Jones F., Fletcher B.C.
The impact of a stress management programme on staff well-being and performance at work
Stress management programmes were implemented for direct care staff in two group homes for people with learning disabilities. Staff working in three similar homes were used as controls. Information was collected on anxiety and depression levels, demands, supports and constraints at work and on the nature and type of interactions and the amount of time spent on different aspects of the job. This information was used to inform and develop an intervention aimed at the groups of staff involved. Goals were set with the aim of reducing levels of anxiety and depression in staff and these were subject to review. Reassessment in intervention houses showed reductions in anxiety and increased perceived support when compared to controls. There were also changes in some observational measures, particularly increased positive interactions and assistance given to clients, and formal education programmes. These results suggest that intervening to reduce levels of anxiety and depression can have a positive impact on work performance in these settings. Topics: anxiety; depressive neurosis; health programmes; human behaviour; human relations; neuropsychic stress; questionnaire survey; social assistance services; stress evaluation; work capacity.
Work and Stress, Apr.-June 1998, Vol.12, No.2, p.112-124. 77 ref.
Christie M.D., Shultz K.S.
Gender differences on coping with job stress and organizational outcomes
The potential differing effects of coping on work-related outcomes for men and women were investigated. Participants were recruited from night classes in psychology and business and asked to complete a 113-item questionnaire. 181 fully completed questionnaires (56 men and 125 women) were included in the analyses. All participants were working full time (>35 hours per week). The results indicated that men and women differed on few coping responses. However, multiple regression analyses did suggest different trends on the effectiveness of coping for men and women. These results are discussed in terms of men and women's differing responses to stress in the workplace. Topics: human behaviour; labour turnover; mental health; neuropsychic stress; physical training; psychology of absenteeism; psychology of work organization; questionnaire survey; sex-linked differences; statistical evaluation; work organization.
Work and Stress, Oct.-Dec. 1998, Vol.12, No.4, p.351-361. Illus. 30 ref.
Lobban R.K., Husted J., Farewell V.T.
A comparison of the effect of job demand, decision latitude, role and supervisory style on self-reported job satisfaction
Multiple regression models were used to compare the relative effectiveness of job demand, decision latitude, role conflict and role ambiguity, and supervisory style in modelling self-reported job satisfaction in a sample of warehouse workers, truck drivers and inside sales personnel. Consistent with past research, these variables were independently related to job satisfaction. The research suggests, however, that supervisory styles, in terms of providing direction and communicating with employees, may play a more dominant role in the stress process than is currently appreciated. The traditionally studied role variables or demand/latitude variables were identified as potentially mediating the relationship between supervisory relationships and perceived job satisfaction. Further, supervisory relationships, either directly or mediated by other unstudied job characteristics, have significant additional influence on occupational stress that cannot be explained by the role or demand/latitude variables. Topics: age-linked differences; cross-sectional study; drivers; human relations; job dissatisfaction; mental workload; role of supervisory staff; service and sales workers; sex-linked differences; social aspects; statistical evaluation; stress factors; subjective assessment; warehouses; work involving responsibility; work organization.
Work and Stress, Oct.-Dec. 1998, Vol.12, No.4, p.337-350. 42 ref.
The role of workplace conflict in occupational health and safety
It is argued that there are several key issues that impact on or are impacted by conflict, namely stress, bullying and workplace violence. As such, conflict is a workplace hazard that can dramatically affect employee safety and health. It is argued that a piecemeal approach to workplace conflict fails to account for its systemic nature, leaving conflict unresolved. Topics: bullying; discriminatory practices; human behaviour; human relations; neuropsychic stress; sickness absenteeism; violence.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 1998, Vol.14, No.6, p.587-592. 24 ref.
O'Moore M., Seigne E., McGuire L., Smith M.
Victims of bullying at work in Ireland
Results from a study involving self-referred victims of workplace bullying in Ireland are presented. The nature and effects of bullying are examined, as are views of the causes of victimization. Findings support international research that bullying is damaging to the physical and mental health and to the careers of victims. The results highlight the need for early intervention and the development of anti-bullying programs in the workplace. Topics: bullying; discriminatory practices; human relations; neuropsychic stress; psychological effects; sickness absenteeism; stress factors.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 1998, Vol.14, No.6, p.569-574. 37 ref.
Einarsen S., Matthiesen S., Skogstad A.
Bullying, burnout and well-being among assistant nurses
Bullying at work is studied in a representative sample of 745 Norwegian assistant nurses. While 4.8% of the assistant nurses currently experienced problems with bullying, 8.4% had former experiences as victims of bullying. Moreover, one out of five had witnessed others being bullied. The most common kinds of bullying behaviour experienced by the victims were serious slander, rumours and silent hostility. Fellow assistant nurses and nurses were seen as the offenders in most cases. None of the victims felt bullied by patients or relatives. Bullied assistant nurses had significantly higher levels of burnout, lowered job-satisfaction and lowered psychological well-being compared with their non-bullied colleagues. Topics: bullying; human relations; job dissatisfaction; neuropsychic stress; nursing personnel; overstrain; psychological effects; questionnaire survey; social aspects; stress factors.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 1998, Vol.14, No.6, p.563-568. 35 ref.
Parkes K.R., Sparkes T.J.
Health and Safety Executive
Organizational interventions to reduce work stress: Are they effective?
Topics: flexible working time; literature survey; neuropsychic stress; social aspects; stress factors; stress studies; work design; work organization; work time schedules; workers participation; workload assessment.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. iv, 52p. Illus. 71 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.
Aarås A., Horgen G., Bjørset H.H., Ro O., Thoresen M.
Musculoskeletal, visual and psychosocial stress in VDU operators before and after multidisciplinary ergonomic interventions
Three serial interventions were carried out on two groups of VDU workers: a new lighting system, new workstations (providing support for the forearm and hand) and an optometric examination and corrections if needed. Both groups reported significant improvement in lighting conditions and visual conditions and significantly reduced visual discomfort and glare. Significant reduction of headache was found in one of the groups. Optometric corrections reduced the visual discomfort in both groups. Before the workstation changes there were no significant differences between the groups regarding shoulder pain and static trapezius electromyography load. Two years after the intervention, a significant reduction of shoulder pain was reported in the two groups in parallel with a significant reduction in static trapezius load. Pain in the forearm and hand showed no significant changes during the study period. However, there appeared to be a relationship between pain in the forearm and hand and the time the operator used the mouse. Topics: artificial lighting; backache; comfort assessment; comparative study; CRT display terminals; electromyography; illumination levels; luminance; migraine; neuropsychic stress; shoulder; stress factors; upper extremity disorders; visual comfort; workplace design.
Applied Ergonomics, Oct. 1998, Vol.29, No.5, p.335-354. Illus. 77 ref.
Reim O., Schuman J., Schnauber H.
Evaluation of exposures and stress factors at the workplace
Verfahren zur Belastungsbeurteilung [in German]
A procedure for the determination of various exposures and stress factors in the workplace is outlined. For each type of work 46 features are evaluated and ranked by an expert panel. The features used to evaluate lighting as well as the responsibilities and physical requirements of a specific type of work are presented as examples. The procedure was developed for an investigation of the causes of sickness absenteeism in three steel plants in Germany. A comparison of the results obtained with this method and subjective assessments by the workers showed agreement with regard to physical workload and work organization. Topics: description of technique; ergonomic evaluation; illumination design; mental stress; occupation disease relation; occupational diseases; physical workload; responsibilities; sickness absenteeism; steelworks; stress factors.
Sicherheitsingenieur, Mar. 1998, Vol.29, No.3, p.16-19. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Simkin S., Hawton K., Fagg J., Malmberg A.
Stress in farmers: A survey of farmers in England and Wales
A survey of 500 farmers in England and Wales showed that potential sources of stress included problems with record keeping and paperwork, difficulty understanding forms, problems arising from the effects of new legislation and regulations and financial problems. The majority of farmers worked over 10h a day and many had health problems which interfered with their work. Results confirm findings from several regional studies that many farmers are experiencing considerable stress from various causes. Local and national initiatives to assist farmers should be encouraged. Topics: agriculture; economic aspects; hours of work; legal aspects; mental stress; neuropsychic stress; questionnaire survey; social aspects; stress factors.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1998, Vol.55, No.11, p.729-734. Illus. 14 ref.
Hammar N., Alfredsson L., Johnson J.V.
Job strain, social support at work, and incidence of myocardial infarction
In a study of workers in four rural Swedish counties during the years 1976-1984, an increased incidence of myocardial infarction was found for men and women in occupations characterized by low decision latitude. For men, this increase was seen primarily in combination with high psychological demands (high job strain) and low social support at work. If these associations are causal, they may be of substantial importance from the point of view of workers' health. Topics: age-linked differences; epidemiologic study; human behaviour; job dissatisfaction; myocardial infarction; neuropsychic stress; risk factors; social aspects.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1998, Vol.55, No.8, p.548-553. 29 ref.
Hagen K.B., Magnus P., Vetlesen K.
Neck/shoulder and low-back disorders in the forestry industry: Relationship to work tasks and perceived psychosocial job stress
In a national cross-sectional study of forestry workers in Norway, low-back disorders were more common among manual workers than among administrative workers. For machine operators and manual workers, an increasing level of psychological demands was associated with an increased prevalence of low-back disorders. The prevalence of neck/shoulder disorders was higher among machine operators and manual workers than among administrative workers. An increasing level of psychological demands combined with a decreasing level of intellectual discretion was associated with an increased prevalence of neck/shoulder disorders. Future organizational changes and preventive programmes in the forestry industry should take account of psychosocial work factors. Topics: age-linked differences; backache; cervicobrachial syndrome; cross-sectional study; forestry and logging; musculoskeletal diseases; neuropsychic stress; Norway; occupational psychology; stress factors.
Ergonomics, Oct. 1998, Vol.41, No.10, p.1510-1518. Illus. 20 ref.
Demogeot F., Boitel L., Rebstock E., Pouget R.
Workplace stress - A descriptive epidemiologic study in the tertiary sector
Stress en milieu du travail - Enquête épidémiologique descriptive en secteur tertiaire [in French]
Topics: conditions of work; human relations; job dissatisfaction; mental stress; monotonous work; neuropsychic stress; physical workload; questionnaire survey; services; speed of work; stress factors; stress studies; work design.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1st Quarter 1998, Vol.38, No.1, p.5-13. Illus. 16 ref.
Iwi D., Watson J., Barber P., Kimber N., Sharman G.
The self-reported well-being of employees facing organizational change: Effects of an intervention
Measures of psychological morbidity were collected by questionnaires among a group of local authority workers facing organizational change. In comparison with United Kingdom norms and the norms for a similar occupational group, these workers were under more work-related pressure and their self-reported health was markedly poorer. They were not however at a disadvantage in terms of coping strategies. Those accepting the offer of counselling were subject to greater levels of work stress, had poorer self-reported health and markedly lower levels of job satisfaction than those who did not. Questionnaire scores were not significantly different before and after counselling, giving no evidence of treatment effects on symptomatology. However, almost all subjects rated counselling as having been extremely helpful. Adverse effects on staff facing organizational change may be ameliorated by improved management practice. Topics: government services; job dissatisfaction; neuropsychic stress; programme evaluation; psychological and psychiatric services; questionnaire survey; state of health; stress factors; subjective assessment; work organization.
Occupational Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.48, No.6, p.361-368. 19 ref.
Kapur N., Borrill C., Stride C.
Psychological morbidity and job satisfaction in hospital consultants and junior house officers: Multicentre, cross sectional survey
Topics: health services; hospitals; hours of work; job dissatisfaction; morbidity; neuropsychic stress; psychological effects; questionnaire survey; stress factors.
British Medical Journal, 22 Aug. 1998, Vol.317, No.7157, p.511-512. 5 ref.
Cámara de la Industria Farmacéutica (ANDI)
Programme of epidemiological surveillance of psychosocial risk factors in the pharmaceutical industry
Programa de vigilancia epidemiológica de factores de riesgo psicosocial para el sector farmacéutico [in Spanish]
Topics: conditions of work; health hazards; human behaviour; mental stress; mental workload; neuropsychic stress; pharmaceutical industry; programme evaluation; questionnaire survey; social aspects; stress factors; training manuals; training material.
Seguro Social, Protección Laboral, Administradora de Riesgos Profesionales, Santafé de Bogotá, Colombia, no date. 36p. Illus. 27 ref.
Eisele G.R., Watkins J.P., Matthews K.O.
Workplace violence at government sites
Topics: government services; human behaviour; neuropsychic stress; questionnaire survey; sex-linked differences; statistical trends; USA; violence.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, May 1998, Vol.33, No.5, p.485-492. Illus. 44 ref.
Wogalter M.S., Magurno A.B., Rashid R., Klein K.W.
The influence of time stress and location on behavioral warning compliance
Topics: behaviour study; human behaviour; neuropsychic stress; safe working methods; speed of work; stress factors; warning notices.
Safety Science, July 1998, Vol.29, No.2, p.143-158. 31 ref.
Rundmo T., Hestad H., Ulleberg P.
Organisational factors, safety attitudes and workload among offshore oil personnel
Topics: attitude towards accidents; conditions of work; job dissatisfaction; labour-management relations; neuropsychic stress; Norway; offshore oil extraction; physical workload; questionnaire survey; risk awareness; safety consciousness; stress factors.
Safety Science, July 1998, Vol.29, No.2, p.75-87. Illus. 50 ref.
Elkind P.D., Carlson J.E., Schnabel B.
Agricultural hazards reduction through stress management
Topics: agriculture; neuropsychic stress; programme evaluation; safety and health training; stress evaluation; stress factors; USA.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1998, Vol.5, No.2, p.23-32. 6 ref.
Kageyama T., Nishikido N., Kobayashi T., Kurokawa Y., Kaneko T., Kabuto M.
Long commuting time, extensive overtime, and sympathodominant state assessed in terms of short-term heart rate variability among male white-collar workers in the Tokyo megalopolis
Topics: commuting; fatigue; heart diseases; hours of work; Japan; mental stress; neuropsychic stress; pulse rate; sleep deprivation; white-collar workers.
Industrial Health, July 1998, Vol.36, No.3, p.209-217. 48 ref.
Miki K., Kawamorita K., Araga Y., Musha T., Sudo A.
Urinary and salivary stress hormone levels while performing arithmetic calculation in a noisy environment
Topics: catecholamine excretion; determination in saliva; determination in urine; epinephrine excretion; hormone secretion; Japan; mental stress; mental work; noise; subjective assessment.
Industrial Health, Jan. 1998, Vol.36, No.1, p.66-69. 11 ref.
Nakano Y., Nakamura S., Hirata M., Harada K., Ando K., Tabuchi T., Matunaga I., Oda H.
Immune function and lifestyle of taxi drivers in Japan
Topics: drivers; epidemiologic study; hours of work; immunology; Japan; lymphocyte metabolism; mental stress; remuneration; road transport; sleep; social aspects; taxis.
Industrial Health, Jan. 1998, Vol.36, No.1, p.32-39. Illus. 34 ref.
Dollard D., Forgan R., Winefield A.
Five-year evaluation of a work stress intervention program
Topics: information of personnel; medical supervision; neuropsychic stress; prison services; programme evaluation; psychological and psychiatric services; stress evaluation; work design; workmen's compensation.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Apr. 1998, Vol.14, No.2, p.159-165. Illus. 16 ref.
Bassett J., Spillane R., Hocking B.
Cortisol excretion and illness reporting: A psychophysiological study of business executives at home and at work
Topics: corticoid excretion; determination in saliva; executives; mental stress; neuropsychic stress; occupation disease relation; questionnaire survey; stress evaluation; stress studies.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Apr. 1998, Vol.14, No.2, p.135-141. 12 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Help on work-related stress - A short guide
Topics: data sheet; hazard evaluation; human relations; job dissatisfaction; mental stress; responsibilities of employers; stress factors; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Aug. 1998. 12p. 5 ref.
Rationalization as a key stressor for public sector employees: An organizational case study
Topics: community services; industrial organization; mental stress; psychological effects; questionnaire survey; social assistance services; social climate; stress factors; subjective assessment; Sweden; work organization.
Occupational Medicine, Feb. 1998, Vol.48, No.2, p.103-112. Illus. 30 ref.
Burnout as a clinical entity - Its importance in health care workers
Topics: health care personnel; high-risk groups; hospitals; literature survey; mental stress; neuropsychic stress; overstrain; stress factors.
Occupational Medicine, May 1998, Vol.48, No.4, p.237-250. 91 ref.
Elo A.L., Leppänen A., Sillanpää P.
Applicability of survey feedback for an occupational health method in stress management
Topics: evaluation of technique; job-exposure relation; mental stress; neuropsychic stress; paper and paper products industry; questionnaire survey; stress factors; work organization.
Occupational Medicine, Apr. 1998, Vol.48, No.3, p.181-188. Illus. 36 ref.
Bourbonnais R., Comeau M., Vézina M., Dion G.
Job strain, psychological distress and burnout in nurses
Topics: Canada; depressive neurosis; health care personnel; health services; hospitals; job dissatisfaction; mental stress; mental workload; overstrain; psychological effects; psychology of work organization; Quebec; questionnaire survey; social aspects; stress factors.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1998, Vol.34, No.1, p.20-28. 50 ref.
Darby F., Walls C.
Stress and fatigue: Their impact on health and safety in the workplace
Topics: biological effects; fatigue; implementation of control measures; job dissatisfaction; legislation; mental stress; mental workload; New Zealand; physical workload; responsibilities of employers; shift work; social aspects; stress factors.
Occupational Safety and Health Service, Department of Labour, P.O. Box 3705, Wellington, New Zealand, Jan. 1998. 51p. Illus. 74 ref. Price: NZD 20.00.
Rose G., Bengtsson C., Dimberg L., Kumlin L., Eriksson B.
Life events, mood, mental strain and cardiovascular risk factors in Swedish middle-aged men. Data from the Swedish part of the Renault/Volvo Coeur Study
Topics: alcoholism; blood pressure; blue-collar workers; cardiovascular diseases; mental stress; motor vehicle industry; questionnaire survey; risk factors; serum changes; smoking; social aspects; stress factors; Sweden; white-collar workers.
Occupational Medicine, July 1998, Vol.48, No.5, p.329-336. 46 ref.
Health and Safety Commission
Managing work-related stress: A guide for managers and teachers in school
Topics: educational institutions; human behaviour; human relations; information of personnel; mental stress; mental workload; role of management; stress factors; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1998. iv, 20p. 13 ref. Price: GBP 6.95.
Quick J.C., Quick J.D., Nelson D.L., Hurrell J.J.
Preventive stress management in organizations
This book offers a comprehensive, orderly framework for practicing an effective stress management programme. Following a historical review of the stress field from its medical and physiological origins in the early 1900s, it goes on to examine the sources of stress, the psychophysiology of stress response and individual moderators that condition vulnerability for distress, the psychological, behavioural and medical forms of individual distress and the organizational costs of distress. A framework for preventive stress management that can be practiced by both organizations and individuals is proposed. Examples of healthy organizations are illustrated throughout the text, with specific cases of implementing preventive management systems.
American Psychological Association, First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002, 1997. xx, 368p. Illus. Approx. 800 ref. Index. Price: USD 34.95.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Mental load and strain - Stress, mental fatigue, monotony mental exhaustion
Psychische Belastung und Beanspruchung - Stress, psychische Ermüdung, Monotonie, psychische Sättigung [in German]
Topics: behaviour prediction; behaviour study; check lists; Germany; mental stress; monotonous work; nervous fatigue; neuropsychic stress; stress factors.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH, Bürgermeister-Smidt-Str. 74-46, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1997. viii, 92p. Illus. 88 ref.
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