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Fires - 2,022 entries found

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CIS 08-182 Olson K., Behnke J., Edlbeck D.R.
Liquefied natural gas - LNG safety and protecting a facility: Striving to be the safest in the industry
This article discusses effective fire protection systems for liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities, based on prevention, control and extinguishment (using dry chemical systems or high-expansion foam systems). It comments the United States National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard 59A on the production, storage and handling of LNG.
NFPA Journal, Jan.-Feb. 2007, Vol.101, No.1, p.44-49. Illus.

CIS 08-180 Podgórski M.
Engineering methods in the design of alternative solutions
Metody inżynierskie w projektowaniu rozwiązań zamiennych [in Polish]
This article presents the systems approach, based on engineering methods, applied to the analysis and design of fire safety protection systems. The Polish regulations that allow the application of alternative solutions are mentioned. The characteristics of the engineering methods used for the analysis and design of alternative fire safety measures are discussed.
Ochrona Przeciwpożarowa, Mar. 2007, Vol.19, No.1, p.13-14. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 08-96 Preventing fire fighter fatalities due to heart attacks and other sudden cardiovascular events
To reduce on-duty deaths from cardiovascular disease (CVD) among firefighters in the United States, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recommends that fire departments and fire fighters follow established medical screening guidelines, adopt risk reduction measures during fire fighting operations and develop and participate in comprehensive wellness and fitness programmes. This booklet provides background on firefighting and CVD, presents case reports to highlight important findings, summarizes data from NIOSH CVD fatality investigations and provides recommendations to minimize the risk of deaths from CVD among firefighters.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, June 2007. 26p. Illus. 90 ref. [in English]

CIS 08-178 Vargas M., Salazar J., Rondón D., Montaña J.
Philosophy of protection of oil installations
Filosofía de protección de instalaciones petroleras [in Spanish]
This article addresses the issue of the hazards caused by atmospheric electrical discharges to existing oil installations and fuel storage sites, this natural phenomenon being one of the main causes of fire and damage to electronic control systems, resulting in major economic losses as well as fatalities and injuries among workers and neighbourhood populations. Contents: introduction and background; general aspects and mechanisms of the causes of damages and fires; integral protection system and risk reduction (external protection, internal protection, personal safety guide, alarm systems).
Protección y seguridad, July-Aug.2007, Vol.53, No.314, p.46-51. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 07-1446 Olson K., Behnke J., Edlbeck D. R
Liquefied natural gas - LNG safety and protecting a facility: striving to be the safest in industry
Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is used in the United States to supplement normal gas supplies during periods of peak demand. It mainly consists of methane. LNG is stored and transported in cryogenic tanks subject to strict regulations. This article discusses effective fire protection for LNG facilities, which include prevention, control and extinguishment. Addressing these objectives requires implementing organizational measures, providing appropriate training, designing equipment which complies with safety standards, and using suitable extinguishing systems including dry chemical systems and foams.
NFPA Journal, Jan.-Feb. 2007, Vol.101, No.1, p.44-49. Illus.


CIS 08-1163 Fire service features of buildings and fire protection systems
This booklet explains how fire service operations can be influenced by different building features and offers considerations for design professionals that can help facilitate these operations. It includes sections on building and site design, sprinkler systems, standpipe systems, fire department connections, fire alarm and communications systems, as well as various firefighting systems.
Publications U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, 2006. 67p. Illus. 5 ref. [in English]

CIS 08-324 Ma F., Fleming L.E., Lee D.J., Trapido E., Gerace T.A.
Cancer incidence in Florida professional firefighters, 1981 to 1999
The objective of this study was to examine the cancer risk associated with fire fighting. Standardized incidence ratio analysis (SIR) was used to determine the relative cancer risk for fire fighters as compared with the Florida general population. Among 34,796 male (413,022 person years) and 2,017 female (18,843 person years) firefighters, 970 male and 52 female cases of cancer were identified between 1981 and 1999. Male firefighters had significantly increased incidence rates of bladder (SIR 1.29), testicular (1.60) and thyroid cancers (1.77). Female firefighters had significantly increased incidence rates of overall cancer (1.63), cervical (5.24) and thyroid cancer (3.97) and Hodgkin disease (6.25). It is concluded that fire fighting is associated with an increased risk of cancer.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 2006, Vol.48, No.9, p.883-888. 44 ref.

CIS 07-1443 Paterson T.
Controlling minds
This article summarizes the main requirements of the new United Kingdom fire safety regulations which came into force in 1 October 2006. It goes much further than previous regulations in placing the ultimate responsibility with senior management and enterprise owners. Topics addressed: chain of command; skill and knowledge; system of administration; training syllabus; emergency procedures.
Fire Engineers Journal, Oct. 2006, Vol.66, No.273, p.21-25. Illus.

CIS 07-1442 Liaw H.J., Chiu Y.Y.
A general model for predicting the flash point of miscible mixtures
This article presents a mathematical model for predicting the flash point of miscible mixtures. The model was validated using the ternary aqueous-organic solutions consisting of water, methanol and ethanol or isopropanol. The findings confirm that the model predicts flash points of these solutions by utilizing the flash points of the individual components. Further, if the binary interaction parameters for ternary aqueous-organic solution are not accessible, a model based upon the binary interaction parameters of the binary solutions may provide a sufficiently acceptable means of predicting the flash point for such a ternary solution, as validated in this study by comparing predicted and experimental data.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Sep. 2006, Vol.137, No.1, p.38-46. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 07-1296 LeMasters G.K., Genaidy A.M., Succop P., Deddens J., Sobeih T., Barriera-Viruet H., Dunning K., Lockey J.
Cancer risk among firefighters: A review and meta-analysis of 32 studies
The objective of this literature survey was to quantitatively and qualitatively assess cancer risk among firefighters. A comprehensive search of computerized databases and bibliographies was performed. The criteria used to assess the probable, possible or unlikely included pattern of risks identified through the meta-analyses, study type and heterogeneity testing. The criteria were applied to 21 types of cancer. The findings from 32 studies indicated that firefighters had a probable risk for multiple myeloma with a summary risk estimate (SRE) of 1.53, non Hodgkin lymphoma (SRE 1.51), prostate cancer (SRE 1.28) and testicular cancer (SRE 2.02). Eight additional cancers were listed as having a possible association with firefighting.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 2006, Vol.48, No.11, p.1189-1202. 65 ref.

CIS 07-1155 Praczyk Z.
Fire safety of fuel stations
Bezpieczeństwo pożarowe baz paliw [in Polish]
The most important risks and causes of fire in fuel stations are listed and technical requirements to be met in liquid fuel stations and bases are discussed. Legal requirements in this area are also described.
Ochrona Przeciwpożarowa, 2006, No.1, p.15-18. 6 ref.

CIS 07-1156 Fire or explosion hazards
Risques d'incendie ou d'explosion [in French]
Risico's van brand of explosie [in Dutch]
The objective of the SOBANE approach (screening, observation, analysis and evaluation) is to ensure occupational safety and health by means of a systematic analysis of occupational hazards. This booklet presents the SOBANE approach applied to fire and explosion hazards. Following a review of general aspects of occupational safety and health management, it explains how to proceed with the observation, analysis and evaluation, together with the qualifications required for carrying out these steps. The following topics are summarized on information sheets: descriptions of work situations; layout of premises; storage of flammable and explosive substances; signalling; fire extinguishers; information and training of personnel; organization of fire fighting services.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot I, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2006. 140p. Illus. 21 ref. [in French] [in Dutch]

CIS 07-907 Richard A.M.
Fire - Hazards on construction sites and in workshops
Incendie - Des risques sur chantier et en atelier [in French]
Topics addressed in the article on the prevention of fire hazards on construction sites and in workshops: construction site preparation; housekeeping; equipment and layout of premises; regulatory provisions governing the evaluation of fire hazards; selection of fire extinguishers; fire permits; fire walls and fire doors for segregating work involving flames and flammable material storage areas; smoke detectors.
Prévention BTP, Dec. 2006, No.91, p.30-32. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 07-906 Dosne R.
Unusual fire in a sulfur tank
Incendie atypique sur un bac de soufre [in French]
This article describes a fire that occurred in a sulfur tank located in a sulfuric acid plant in the industrial area of a French port. Topics addressed: causal factors (heat wave, lightning); propagation; intervention of firefighting services; organization of the plant's safety services; lessons learned.
Face au risque, Dec. 2006, No.428, p.28-32. Illus.

CIS 07-889 Boust C., Lebreton R.
Oil-based motor and heating fuels
Combustibles et carburants pétroliers [in French]
Motor and heating fuels are widely used in occupational settings and in everyday life and can cause diseases and fire hazards. This booklet summarizes the main properties and hazards of heating oil, diesel fuel, kerosene and gasoline, together with measures for their safe use.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Oct. 2006. 8p. Illus. 9 ref. Price: EUR 2.50. Downloadable version free of charge.$FILE/ed989.pdf [in French]

CIS 07-909
Department for Communities and Local Government
A short guide to making your premises safe from fire
This booklet provides simple and practical advice to persons responsible for fire safety in small and medium businesses. In particular, it provides guidance on how to ensure compliance with the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005. It includes a proposed five-step approach for fire safety risk assessment and examples of how to modify the layout of premises to reduce the hazards.
DCLG Publications, PO Box 236, Wetherby, West Yorkshire, LS23 7NB, United Kingdom, 2006. 9p. Illus. [in English]

CIS 07-900 Douté M.
Extinguishers: Ensuring a reliable installation
Extincteurs: pour une installation fiable [in French]
This article describes the main factors to be taken into consideration for selecting efficient fire extinguishers, namely their characteristics and certification, as well as for the selection of installers and maintenance services providers. Other topics addressed include responsibilities of the manager of the premises and training of personnel in using the extinguishers.
Face au risque, Oct. 2006, No.426, p.27-28, 30. Illus.

CIS 07-648 Cyanide: Understanding the risk, enhancing preparedness
This research project was conducted to provide an overview of cyanide risk as a toxicant and cyanide incident preparedness in the USA. The research was conducted in two phases. The first phase was a geographical information system (GIS) analysis of pre-existing data to determine the spatial distribution of risk. This analysis resulted in maps that portray the known locations of cyanide facilities, the relative magnitude of cyanide use and the distribution of fire- and burn-related deaths. The second phase was a survey of the knowledge, attitudes and practices of advanced life support (ALS) providers throughout the USA. A representative sample of 507 ALS providers was surveyed during the summer of 2005. The main findings of this survey are summarized.
Clinical Toxicology, 2006, Vol.44, Suppl.1, p.47-63. Illus. 13 ref.

CIS 07-627 Sánchez Barba J.C.
Smoking in the enterprise
El tabaco en los centros de trabajo [in Spanish]
In Spain, smoking causes more than 46,000 deaths per year and generates heath costs estimated at more than EUR 1.5 billion. This article examines Spanish legislation on smoking at the place of work and highlights problems in implementing the regulations in cases where workers refuse to comply with the imposed measures.
Prevención, Apr.-June 2006, No.176, p.52-64. Illus.

CIS 07-185 Calvo Sáez J.A., Palmero Mangado Á.
Fires near electrical power
Incendios en presencia de tensión eléctrica [in Spanish]
The use of fire extinguishers in the presence of electricity is hazardous, particularly if the fire involves high voltage equipment. This article discusses the relationship between the type of fire extinguisher, the voltage of the electrical equipment and the safety distance necessary to avoid all risk of electrical hazards. Main topics addressed: classes of fire; selection of the extinguishing medium; Spanish legislation regarding human interventions on electrical installations; labelling of fire extinguishers according to the UNE-EN 3-7:2004 standard; distances to be observed with respect to power equipment.
Prevención, Jan.-Mar. 2006, No.175, p.56-64. Illus.

CIS 06-1434 Portable fire extinguishers: Verification and maintenance according to NF S 61-919
Extincteurs portatifs: vérification et maintenance selon la NF S 61-919 [in French]
Contents of this technical information sheet on the verification and maintenance of portable fire extinguishers: definition of a portable fire extinguisher; control operations; inspections; maintenance; minimum maintenance intervals and expected useful life; maintenance label; maintenance procedure details; refilling tolerances; regulatory requirements with respect to fire extinguisher maintenance.
Face au risque, May 2006, No.423, p.39-44. Illus.

CIS 06-1433 Douté M., Bohy M.
Fire protection equipment: What maintenance operations?
Matériel incendie: quelles opérations de maintenance? [in French]
This article describes the maintenance operations required under French regulations aimed at ensuring the good working condition of fire prevention equipment and systems. Topics addressed: types of maintenance (protective, corrective); checks and controls; role of inspection services; tables summarizing relevant regulations and standards.
Face au risque, May 2006, No.423, p.19-21. Illus.

CIS 06-1432 Jousserand S.
Fires and explosions in the paper and board industry
Incendies et explosions dans le secteur du papier-carton [in French]
Risk factors for fires and explosions in the paper and board industry include the presence of stocks of papers, reels, inks, solvents, as well as hot processes, ducts and pipes. This article includes a few brief descriptions of fires and explosions in this sector, together with tables summarizing the main types of accidents, their consequences and their causes, drawn from a database of serious accidents occurring in France since 1992.
Face au risque, Apr. 2006, No.422, p.21-25. Illus.


CIS 08-523 Che Man A.B., Gold D.
Safety and health in the use of chemicals at work - A training manual
Keselamatan dan kesihatan dalam penggunaan bahan kimia du tempat kerja - Manual latihan [in Malay]
Bilingual version (English and Malay translation) of a training manual originally published in English (see CIS 93-789). Contents: health hazards due to chemical exposure (factors contributing to hazardous situations, toxic effects of chemicals); fire and explosion hazards; basic principles of prevention (elimination or substitution, organizational control); chemical emergency procedures (emergency plan, evacuation, first aid, fire fighting, spill and leak procedures); management of a chemical control programme. Appendices include a training checklist for safe use of chemicals at work, text of the ILO Chemicals Convention and Recommendation, and guidance on the classification, identification and labelling of chemicals.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. x, 146p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 08-423 Duplantier S., Fournier L.
Evaluation of the consequences of warehouse fires
Evaluation des conséquences d'un incendie d'entrepôt [in French]
Understanding of the phenomena that control large industrial fires, such as warehouse fires requires research. The French national occupational safety and health institute (INRS) has committed itself to developing a reference method for determining the consequences of warehouse fires. The method involves five steps. This article describes the initial phase of the research aimed at developing an understanding of the combustion process by means of small-scale tests and modelling.
Préventique-Sécurité, July-Aug. 2005, No.82, p.34-36. Illus.

CIS 07-1144 Toubeau E., Everaet K., Franquinet A.
Smoking policy
Politique en matière de tabac [in French]
Het rookbeleid in de pratijk [in Dutch]
According to the provisions of the Belgian Royal Decree of 19 January 2005 on protection against tobacco smoke, employees have a right to work in smoke-free premises. The Decree sets the legal framework for employers to define a policy in this respect. This document provides guidance for developing, implementing and improving the smoking policy. The first part covers the issue of smoking and underscores the need for a smoking policy, with reference to the new legislation. The second part helps employers define a consistent and effective smoking policy with the help of a step-by-step plan. Appendices include an example of the commitment made by an enterprise, an example of the implementation of a smoking policy, statistics on the consequences of smoking and the full text of the Royal Decree. An information leaflet for workers is included.
Prevent, rue Gachard 88/4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, [ca 2005]. 26p. Illus. 28 ref.

CIS 06-1043 Safe working with flammable substances
This booklet identifies the hazards associated with working with flammable substances and outlines precautions. It describes basic safety principles (ventilation, removal of sources of ignition, containment of flammable substances, substitution by less flammable substances, separation) and precautions for specific substances (flammable liquids, dusts, solids and gases, oxygen, reactive chemicals). Reprint of CIS 98-266 with updated references.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Nov. 2005. 10p. Illus. 24 ref. [in English]

CIS 06-1194 Mauguen G., Bardet P., Galtier Y., Lesné P., Lys J., Petit J.M.
Evaluation of fire hazards within the enterprise - Methodology guide
Evaluation du risque incendie dans l'entreprise - Guide méthodologique [in French]
This guide provides enterprises with basic information for the evaluation of fire hazards. The methodology described should be adapted to specific situations. Contents: legal requirements for different types of buildings; fire behaviour and the consequences of a fire; identification of fire hazards (inventory of dangerous substances and potential sources of ignition); assessment of the consequences of a fire; fire prevention and protection methods. In Annex: classification of materials according to their flammability or fire resistance; example of a table to help in the evaluation of fire hazards.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Dec. 2005. 28p. Illus. 20 ref. Price: EUR 4.00. Downloadable version free of charge.$FILE/ed970.pdf [in French]

CIS 06-1005 Current Australian use and regulatory activities on polybrominated flame retardants
Existing Chemicals Information Sheet. The main substances concerned are: decabromodiphenyl ether, tetrabromobisphenol A, hexabromocyclododecane, brominated ethenylbenzene homopolymer, pentabromodiphenyl ether; tetrabromodiphenyl ether and tetrabromobisphenol A bis (2,3-dibromopropyl) ether (CAS 21850-44-2).
National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS), GPO Box 58, Sydney NSW 2001, Australia, 2005. 4p. Illus. [in English]

CIS 06-518 TBBP-A (tetrabromobisphenol A), a brominated flame retardant
TBBP-A (tétrabromobisphénol A), un retardateur de flammes bromé [in French]
Data sheet on tetrabromobisphenol A. Contents: background; main uses (primarily as a flame retardant in computer and electronic equipment); modes of exposure; health hazards (immunotoxicity, neurotoxicity and effects on thyroid hormone based on animal and in vitro studies); limitation of exposure (proper ventilation of premises with computer end electronic equipment); waste disposal.
WWF-Belgium, Boulevard Emile Jacqmain 90, 1000 Bruxelles, Belgium, ca 2005. 2p. 4 ref. PDF document. [in French]

CIS 06-635 Vincent R., Bonthoux F., Mallet G., Iparraguirre J.F., Rio S.
Simplified methodology for chemical risk assessment: A decision-making tool
Méthodologie d'évaluation simplifiée du risque chimique: un outil d'aide à la décision [in French]
Worker's protection is above all based on assessing the risks and introducing an appropriate prevention policy. Concerning chemical risks, this assessment is often difficult on account of the wide diversity of products and formulations used. To help enterprises faced with this problem, INRS, in collaboration with the French National Prevention and Protection Centre (CNPP), has developed a simplified method to assess the health, safety and environmental risks of chemicals that can be used by managers of small enterprises. The risk prevention departments of a number of enterprises in various sectors have applied this method, and the results obtained concur with the views of experts.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, Sep. 2005, No.200, p.39-62. Illus. 26 ref.$File/ND2233.pdf [in French]

CIS 06-406 Bohy M.
Cold storage warehouses: Doing everything to prevent fire
Entrepôts frigorifiques: tout pour éviter l'incendie [in French]
Cold storage warehouses are vulnerable to fire since they contain large quantities of insulating material such as synthetic foams, packaging materials such as corrugated cardboard and expanded polystyrene, and stored goods that are often themselves flammable. Fires are often due to electrical short-circuits caused by icing. This article identifies the main causes of fires in cold storage warehouses, together with the means of prevention or damage control (detection systems, sprinklers, use of non-flammable insulating materials such as foamed glass).
Face au risque, Oct. 2005, No.416, p.23-26. Illus.

CIS 06-171 NIOSH Alert - Preventing injuries and deaths of fire fighters due to truss system failures
This safety guide outlines different types of truss construction methods and describes cases involving injuries to fire fighters operating at fires involving truss roof and floor systems. Makes recommendations for fire departments, fire fighters, building owners and managers to minimize the risks of injury and death.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, May 2005. 25p. Illus. 35ref [in English]

CIS 05-688 Fire detection and alarm systems on fishing vessels
This note provides guidance on the selection and location of fire detectors and alarms on board fishing vessels. Types of detectors are listed and recommendations are given for different size vessels.
Fishing Vessel Safety Branch, The Maritime and Coastguard Agency, Spring Place, 105 Commercial Road, Southampton SO15 1EG, United Kingdom, Jan. 2005. 3p. [in English]

CIS 05-553 McGregor D.B.
Risk of brain tumours in firemen
Risque de tumeurs cérébrales chez les pompiers [in French]
This project consists of a critical analysis of literature on the relationship between the development of brain tumours and fire-fighting. None of the 18 identified studies could establish a link between brain tumours and the occupation of firefighter.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2005. 26p. 63 ref. Price: CAD 5.35. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge. [in French]

CIS 05-552 McGregor D.B.
Risk of kidney tumours in firemen
Risque de tumeurs du rein chez les pompiers [in French]
This project consists of a critical analysis of literature on the relationship between the development of kidney tumours and fire-fighting. Based on limited evidence, results indicate that kidney tumours may be linked to occupational exposures to contaminants among firefighters having more than 20 years of employment. Genetic characteristics and lifestyles may also be involved.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2005. 24p. 78 ref. Price: CAD 5.35. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge. [in French]

CIS 05-551 McGregor D.B.
Risk of urinary bladder tumours in firemen
Risque de tumeurs de la vessie urinaire chez les pompiers [in French]
This project consists of a critical analysis of the literature on the relationship between the development of bladder tumours and fire-fighting. On the basis of limited evidence, cases of bladder tumour could be related to the fire-fighting occupation if other factors such as smoking are excluded. Prior use of analgesics containing phenacetin and a medical history of multiple infections of the urinary tract that could contribute to the development of bladder cancer should be taken into consideration in establishing the diagnosis.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2005. 26p. 82 ref. Price: CAD 5.35. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge. [in French]

CIS 05-687
Health and Safety Executive
Manufacture and storage of explosives - Manufacture and Storage of Explosives Regulations 2005 - Approved code of practice and guidance
This approved code of practice gives guidance on how to comply to the Manufacture and Storage of Explosives Regulations 2005. Topics covered: introduction to the Regulations; safety requirements; licensing and registration requirements; prohibitions concerning certain explosives and miscellaneous provisions.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, May 2005. vi, 218p. Illus. 50 ref. Price: GBP 20.95.

CIS 05-661 Boutin M., Lesage J., Ostiguy C., Bertrand M.J.
Identification and quantification of isocyanates generated in the thermal degradation of polyurethane-based automobile paint
Identification et quantification des isocyanates générés lors de la dégradation thermique d'une peinture automobile à base de polyuréthane [in French]
Most car paints consist of polyurethanes, polymers obtained by reacting isocyanates with alcohols. During their thermal degradation, polyurethanes may regenerate isocyanates, which can cause asthma, dermatitis, conjunctivitis and acute poisonings. Workers may be exposed to the thermal degradation products of car paints during welding, milling or cutting operations on car body parts. This report presents a systemic approach for studying the thermal degradation process of polyurethanes, in particular the formation of isocyanates and their emission into the air. The results obtained in the laboratory led to the identification of the isocyanates likely to be generated during combustion of the paint. This approach can be used to study the thermal degradation of other polymers such as rubber, polyvinyl chloride and formaldehyde-based polymers.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2005. 60p. Illus. 115 ref. Price: CAD 6.42. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge. [in French]

CIS 05-685 Atherton W.
Health and Safety Executive
An experimental investigation of bund wall overtopping and dynamic pressures on the bund wall following catastrophic failure of a storage vessel
This report describes the development of a laboratory facility to conduct tests simulating the sudden failure of a tank used for the bulk storage of hazardous liquids. Such failures are rare. However, experience has shown that when they do occur, a large proportion of the liquid is likely to escape over the surrounding bund wall or embankment, even if the force of the wave impact does not damage the retaining structures. The facility will be of value to the Health and Safety Execxutive in the performance of its statutory duties, and may be of value to tank storage operators in their consideration of the extent and severity of foreseeable major accidents, in risk assessments and in consideration of practical measures to reduce these risks.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. viii, 246p. Illus. 5 ref. Price: GBP 25.00. Downloadable version free of charge. [in English] [in English]

CIS 05-679 Lacosta Berna J.M.
Fire safety in the European Union
Seguridad contra incendios en la Unión Europea [in Spanish]
This article describes the current situation with respect to fire prevention legislation and safety standards in the European Union. Contents: historical background; definition of Euroclasses (classification of construction materials according to their fire characteristics); description of fire tests to be carried out on various building materials (wallcovering, roofing, flooring and floorcovering); flash-over parameters; room corner test; sample and test preparation; contents of the future Spanish Technical Construction Code (Código technico de la edificación - CTE)
Mapfre seguridad, 1st Quarter 2005, Vol.25, No.97, p.29-39. Illus. [in Spanish]

CIS 05-656 Blanpain R.
Smoking and the workplace
This publication examines the attempts being made worldwide to control the level of tobacco smoke in the workplace environment. Among the many aspects discussed are legislation, company policies, litigation, occupational safety and health, the world tobacco industry, ILO policies on workplace smoking, European Union policies on tobacco and health and the question of the right to smoke. It includes chapters summarizing the situation in 13 countries (Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, USA).
Kluwer Law International, P.O.Box 85889, 2508 CN The Hague, Netherlands, 2005. xii, 254p. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 80.00.

CIS 05-421 Davies G.F., Nolan P.F.
Health and Safety Executive
Computer model for the design and validation of directed water deluge systems for the protection of plant containing pressurised flammable materials against fire
This report describes the development of a computer model to predict the water distribution on the surface of vessels containing pressurized flammable materials protected by directed water deluge systems. The model is intended to be an integral component of new improved guidelines for the design of such water deluge systems. The aims of the project were to extend the range of applicability of an existing basic model to a wide range of tank sizes and water deluge designs. Predictions of water distributions across the surface of storage vessels obtained using the model have been validated against measured (experimental) data and a close level of agreement to within 7% has been demonstrated.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. vi, 42p. Illus. 18 ref. Price: GBP 20.00. Downloadable version free of charge. [in English]


CIS 08-927 Dołęgowski B., Janczała S.
What each employee should know about fire protection
Co każdy pracownik o ochronie przeciwpożarowej wiedzieć powinien [in Polish]
Contents of this booklet summarizing the basic rules of fire protection aimed at employees: methods of eliminating and limiting fire hazards; how to use basic extinguishing equipment; binding legal acts in Poland; safety signs; fire protection instructions.
Ośrodek Doradztwa i Doskonalenia Kadr Sp. z o.o., ul. Obrońców Westerplatte 32a, 80-317 Gdańsk Oliwa, Poland, 2004. 40p. Illus. Price: PLZ 25.00.

CIS 07-1448 Fire prevention
Antincendio [in Italian]
Prévention des risques d'incendie [in French]
Prevención de incendios [in Spanish]
Contents of this safety training presentation on preventing fire hazards in the textile, garment and leather industries, aimed at workers in developing countries: introduction (description of fire and its effects, effects of combustion); extinguishing substances and systems; main components of fire extinguishers; use of fire extinguishers and hose reels; hazard identification; fire-fighting measures; evacuation; emergency procedures; personal protection; rules for safety (signalling anomalies, periodical controls, escape routes, storage of flammable materials, electrical systems, smoking ban, information and training of personnel, waste disposal, inspection of premises).
International Textile, Garment and Leather Workers' Federation, 8 rue Joseph Stevens, 1000 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2004. CD-ROM containing PowerPoint presentations.

CIS 06-1195 Preventing deaths and injuries to fire fighters during live-fire training in acquired structures
This leaflet provides guidance on minimizing the risk to fire fighters participating in live-fire training. Contents: use of training facilities with approved burn buildings whenever possible; responsibilities of instructors; site set up; site safety; standard operating procedures during training.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Nov. 2004. 4p. Illus. 9 ref. [in English]

CIS 06-418 Selkirk G.A., McLellan T.M.
Physical work limits for Toronto firefighters in warm environments
This study examined the relationship between tolerance time and metabolic rate for three different environmental temperatures (25°C, 30°C, and 35°C, 50% relative humidity) in a group of firefighters wearing firefighting protective clothing (FPC) and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). Thirty-seven firefighters (33 male and four female) were divided into four work groups defined as heavy, moderate, light and very light according to the strenuousness of a treadmill exercise performed while wearing FPC and SCBA. Findings show the differential impact of environmental conditions at various metabolic rates on tolerance time. Results reveal that passive recovery may not be sufficient to reduce body temperature below pre-recovery levels when working at higher metabolic rates in hot environments.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Apr. 2004, Vol.1, No.4, p.199-212. Illus. 49 ref.

CIS 04-625 Vincent R., Bonthoux F., Mallet G., Iparraguirre J.F.
Simplified methodology for chemical risk assessment: A decision-making tool
Méthodologie d'évaluation simplifiée du risque chimique: un outil d'aide à la décision [in French]
Workers' protection is above all based on assessing the risks and introducing an appropriate prevention policy. The assessment of chemical risks is often difficult on account of the wide variety of products and preparations used. To assist enterprises faced with this problem, the French Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (INRS), in conjunction with the National Prevention and Protection Centre (CNPP), has developed a simplified method for assessing health, safety and environmental risks involving three phases: inventory of products and materials used; hierarchy of potential hazards; hazard evaluation. The method presented in this article has been applied in several enterprises in various sectors, and the results concur with the views of experts.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 2nd Quarter 2004, No.195, p.7-30. Illus. 26 ref.$FILE/visu.html?OpenElement [in French]

CIS 04-681 Dosne R.
Fires, explosions, transport of dangerous goods: Ten years of reporting
Incendies, explosions, TMD, dix ans de témoignages [in French]
This article summarises the main lessons to be drawn from the 100 most significant major accidents that occurred in France during the last ten years and that were reported in previous issues of the journal, grouped under the following headings: food industry; warehouses; health care institutions; old buildings; transport of dangerous goods; tunnels; wire and cable ducts; other disasters. Boxes contain brief descriptions of nine of these major accidents.
Face au risque, Feb. 2004, No.400, p.38-43. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 04-679 Płóciennik M., Madera F.
Hell inside a copper plant
Piekło w hucie [in Polish]
The organization and procedures involved in the rescue and fire extinguishing action during a fire in the copper plant "Legnica" are described. Proper procedures to be applied in similar disasters in the future are defined.
Przegląd Pożarniczy, 2004, No.11, p.12-14.

CIS 04-436 Selkirk G.A., McLellan T.M., Wong J.
Active versus passive cooling during work in warm environments while wearing firefighting protective clothing
This study examined whether active or passive cooling during intermittent work reduced the heat strain associated with wearing firefighting protective clothing (FPC) and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) in the heat (35°C, 50% relative humidity). Fifteen male Toronto firefighters participated in the study. Subjects walked at 4.5km/h with 0% elevation on an intermittent work (50min) and rest (30min) schedule. Work continued until rectal temperature reached 39.5°C or heart rate (HR) reached 95% of maximum or exhaustion. One of three cooling strategies, forearm submersion in water, mister, and passive cooling were employed during the rest phases. Findings suggest that there is a definite advantage when utilizing forearm submersion compared with other methods of active or passive cooling while wearing FPC and SCBA in the heat.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Aug. 2004, Vol.1, No.8, p.521-531. Illus. 42 ref.

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