Fires - 2,022 entries found
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Fitzgerald E.F., Standfast S.J., Youngblood L.G., Melius J.M., Janerich D.T.
Assessing the health effects of potential exposure to PCBs, dioxins, and furans from electrical transformer fires: The Binghamton State Office Building Medical Surveillance Program
A medical surveillance programme was established for 482 persons who were potentially exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dibenzo-p-dioxins, and dibenzofuans from fire in 1981. Blood samples were analysed for serum concentrations of PCBs and for biochemical and haematologic parameters at the time of the fire and 9 to 12 mo later. Firefighters and individuals who were in the building for 25 hr or more were also asked about post-fire symptomatology and examined after 1 yr for disorders of the skin, eyes, liver, and neurologic system. No cases of chloracne were detected, and there was no clinical evidence of any other exposure-related systemic disorder. The data suggest that exposure to contaminants from the building did not result in substantial absorption or cause any major short-term health effects.
Archives of Environmental Health, Nov.-Dec. 1986, Vol.41, No.6, p.368-376. Illus. 45 ref.
Fire prevention handbook
This book is aimed at the manager or supervisor in a small-to-medium-sized enterprise. Aspects covered: the fire triangle; how fires start; basic fire prevention; legal requirements; fire extinguishers; fixed systems; fire detectors and alarms, warning and escape; training and motivation of in-house fire teams; training the workforce; highly flammable liquids and liquified petroleum gas; arson; fire insurance; sources of information.
Butterworths, Borough Green, Sevenoaks, Kent TN15 8P, United Kingdom, 1986. 146p. Illus. Price: £16.00.
Evaluation of occupational hazards and their prevention in Paris firefighters, following an analysis of 747 occupational accidents
Contribution à l'évaluation des risques professionnels et à leur prévention chez les sapeurs-pompiers de Paris. A propos d'une étude de 747 accidents du travail [in French]
Medical thesis. Analysis of the work of firefighters; accident factors; ergonomic study of firefighting; statistical analysis of 747 accidents during a 2-year period (40% of accidents occurred during firefighting action, 41% during physical training, the rest at the fire station or as traffic accidents - 84% of the accidents involved trauma, 6.25% involved burns and 3% involved the inhalation of poisonous substances); preventive measures (personnel selection, serious physical and professional training, refresher courses, personal protection); compensation and rehabilitation.
Université René Descartes (Paris V), Faculté de médecine Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France, 1986. 204p. Illus. 82 ref.
Fire hazards of unplasticized PVC soil, waste and vent pipes in buildings
The results of research into the fire behaviour of plastics plumbing installations were reviewed and confirmed by tests. Fire did not propagate along the pipe; the greatest danger is the production of toxic fumes. Housing the pipe in fire-rated dusts will decrease the dangers of fire spread and will eliminate hazardous situations.
Fire Prevention, Nov. 1986, No.194, p.36-39. Illus. 10 ref.
FIREDOC - An automated bibliographic database
FIREDOC is described and discussed. Search techniques are illustrated to answer a sample reference question.
Society of Fire Protection Engineers, 60 Batterymarch Street, Boston, MA 02110, USA, 1986. 8p.
Design characteristics of quick response sprinklers
The basic design characteristics, mainly the response time index as determined by a plunge test, were reviewed. The programme to test the validity of the assumptions for slow-developing, low-heat-output fires is described for various types of sprinklers.
Society of Fire Protection Engineers, 60 Batterymarch Street, Boston, MA 02110, USA, 1986. 25p. Illus. 4 ref.
Fire station location studies using a microcomputer
FIRE-ROUTER, an interactive package of microcomputer programmes, enables planners to examine the implications of alternative fire station scenarios during location decision-making for new fire stations. The programmes utilise data describing the road network system in an area and the spatial distribution of risks throughout the area. Sample outputs are shown and hardware requirements are given.
Society of Fire Protection Engineers, 60 Batterymarch Street, Boston, MA 02110, USA, 1986. 9p. Illus.
Hazards of polychlorinated biphenyls and their decomposition products
Risques présentés par le pyralène et par ses produits de décomposition [in French]
Main categories (3) of accidents which can occur in plant comprising transformers or capacitors containing polychlorinated biphenyls. The European directive adopted on 27 June 1985 provides for a ban on the commercialisation of new PCB-impregnated equipment as of 30 June 1986. Existing plants are not affected, however, and it would therefore appear necessary to implement various preventive measures listed in the circular letter.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1986, No.124, Note No.1595-124-86, p.393-394.
Fire protection for combustible metals
Only the more common metals that are easily ignitable and able to support combustion are covered, not all burnable metals and alloys. Self-igniting (pyrophoric) alkali and reactor fuel metals (plutonium, thorium, uranium) and non-self igniting commercial structural (magnesium, titanium) and reactor metals (zirconium, hafnium) are included. General recommendations (fire and explosion prevention, handling and working massive and powdered metals, waste disposal); specific recommendations (alkali metals, sodium-potassium alloys, reactor fuel metals, non-pyrophoric metals); methods and techniques of extinguishment (extinguishing agents, personal hazards) are discussed.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1986. 8p. Illus. 5 ref.
NIOSH Alert - Request for assistance in preventing fatalities due to fires and explosions in oxygen-limiting silos
This alert concerns fire department personnel, farm owners and managers, and silo manufacturers. Described are the background, a case report of a fatal accident, regulatory status, and recommendations for accident prevention.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Robert A. Taft Laboratories, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, July 1986. 6p. 5 ref.
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
Polychlorobiphéniles (PCB) [in French]
General aspects; hazards related to specific tasks (welding, spilling PCBs in sewers; burning PCBs); preventive and protective measures; pertinent legislation; flammability; toxicity.
Face au risque, Aug.-Sep. 1986, No.225, 4p. insert.
Méthylcyclohexane [in French]
Generalities; physical properties; combustion data; suppression of ignition sources; protective equipment; pertinent legislation; fire and explosion hazards; preventing spills and emission of vapours.
Face au risque, Mar. 1986, No.221, 2p. insert.
Contents of this data sheet: properties; occupational exposure limits recommended in the United Kingdom (8-h TWA: 25ppm, 10-min short-term TWA: 40ppm); uses (catalytic solvent in chemical synthesis, starting material in the preparation of quaternary ammonium compounds, curing agent for polymers and rubber, used in the manufacture of various products); fire hazards (highly flammable) and extinguishing agents to be used; hazardous reactions; toxicity and biological hazards (irritant and moderately toxic); handling and storage; safety precautions; leakage and spillage; first aid following contact with eyes, skin and mouth or following inhalation of vapour.
Safety Practitioner, Sep. 1986, Vol.4, No.9, p.38-39. 14 ref.
Penetration into smoke
Rökdykning [in Swedish]
These regulations (effective 1 Jan. 1987) apply to the safety of rescue personnel penetrating into dense smoke or into clouds of chemical substances in the event of fires or other emergencies. Contents: definitions; rescue equipment (compressed-air respirators with pressure reducer and demand valve, oxygen breathing apparatus, walkie-talkie, helmet, protective clothing, etc.); medical surveillance; training and practice; safety rules (responsibilities and qualifications of the rescue-team leader, two-man teams for penetration into smoke, time limitations imposed by self-contained respirators). Detailed advice and commentaries are appended.
LiberDistribution, 162 89 Stockholm, Sweden, 5 June 1986. 16p.
Contents of this data sheet: industrial uses; properties; occupational exposure limits (8-h TWA recommended in the United Kingdom: 10ppm, 10-min short-term TWA: 30ppm); fire hazard (very high) and extinguishants to be used; hazardous reactions; toxicity and biological hazards (neurotoxin); medical surveillance; handling and storage; safety precautions; leakage and spillage; first aid.
Safety Practitioner, Apr. 1986, Vol.4, No.4, p.16-17. 10 ref.
This data sheet identifies the hazards related to the use, handling and storage of zirconium powder (pyrophoric) and describes safe practices for preventing accidents.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1986. 6p. 4 ref.
Del Delumyea R., Moore K.P., Morgan M.A.
Determination of products of combustion from fires involving solvents commonly carried by rail
The apparatus and protocols used to determine the semi-volatile products of combustion from controlled laboratory-scale fires are presented. Products of combustion were collected in a sampling train consisting of a filter (heated to 160°C) and Tenax and charcoal sorbent tubes. The Tenax tubes were extracted with cyclohexane and the extracts analysed. Quantitative measurement of the semi-volatile components was made using gas chromatography/flame ionisation detection and identification of the products was performed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The results for 16 solvents commonly carried by rail are presented.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Aug. 1986, Vol.13, No.3, p.337-351. Illus. 30 ref.
Pietrzak L.M., Johanson G.A.
Directions for improving manual fire suppression using a physically based computer simulation
Description of a project sponsored by the Swedish Fire Research Board and the US Federal Emergency Management Agency. The computer model is based on physical parameters and has been developed to simulate the manual suppression of postflashover fires. This model, called the "Fire Demand Model" focuses on the suppression of postflashover charring or noncharring solid fuel fires in compartments using water sprays from portable hose/nozzle equipment used by fire departments. Model data indicates that, when direct access and extinguishment of the burning fuel is not possible, improved fire control occurs with water sprays having a Rosin-Rammler distribution of droplet sizes with volume-median-drop diameters in the 0.15 to 0.35 mm range. Venting and standoff distance requirements are also discussed.
Fire Technology, Aug. 1986, Vol.22, No.3, p.184-209. Illus. 22 ref.
Risk evaluation for human exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans
Evaluation du risque pour l'homme des polychlorobiphényles (PCB), des polychlorodibenzodioxines et des polychlorodibenzofuranes [in French]
Toxicity review of these substances. Proposals for a programme of medical supervision for persons exposed to PCBs and their thermal by-products.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, de médecine du travail et de sécurité sociale, 1986, Vol.47, No.1, p.27-34. Illus. 32 ref.
Lees F.P., Poblete B.R., Simpson G.B.
The assessment of major hazards: generalisation of the impact model for the estimation of injury and damage around a hazard source
The basis of a previously described model is a uniform population density, the inverse square law for the decay of the intensity of the physical effect and the lognormal distribution for the relation between the causative, or injury, factor and the probability of injury. It was shown that the model allowed the estimation of the number of people injured by calculating the radius for 50% injury and that a simple correction factor could be derived to compensate for the error in the method. The present calculations show that the restriction of the inverse square law for the decay of the intensity of the physical effect can be relaxed and that a simpler correction factor, which is given, can be used.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Apr. 1986, Vol.13, No.2, p.187-196. 12 ref. Appendix.
Fisher F.L., Williamson R.B., Toms G.L., Crinnion D.M.
Fire protection of flammable work stations in the clean room environment of a microelectronic fabrication facility
An applied engineering programme is described which investigates the fire safety of combustible wet stations used within microelectronic clean room fabrication facilities. The main concern involves the impact of a wet bench fire on the clean room environment of the fabrication facility. The effectiveness of the installed fire detection and suppression systems is discussed as well as the additional steps which should be taken in order to insure early detection and suppression of fires.
Fire Technology, May 1986, Vol.22, No.2, p.148-165. Illus. 9 ref.
Gregory R.A., Scholes G.H.
The development of protective devices for electrical installations
Electrical accidents fall into 2 main categories: accidents where death or injury is caused by the passage of current through the body, and accidents where death or injury is the result of a fire which originates from an electrical fault. The UK Department of Trade and Industry statistics show that there are 4 times as many deaths due to fires started electrically as there are from electrocution. The use of adequate protective devices to prevent major fires is discussed .
Fire Prevention, June 1986, No.190, p.24-26. Illus. 1 ref.
Aspects covered in this data sheet: chemical identity; exposure limits; physicochemical properties; fire and explosion hazards; reactivity; health hazards; uses (pesticide); handling of spills or releases.
In: EPA Chemical Profiles, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington D.C. 20460, USA, Dec. 1985. 4p.
Washburn A.E., Harlow D.W., Fahy R.F.
U.S. fire fighter deaths 1985
119 firefighters died in the line of duty in 1985, compared to 118 in 1984. 42% of the fatalities were due to stress (heart attack attributed to physical exertion on the fire ground); 20% were caused by falling objects or structures and vehicle collisions; 16% occurred when firefighters were caught by explosions or trapped in burning structures; 10% were caused by falls.
Fire Command, June 1986, Vol.53, No.6, p.20-27 and p.30-38. Illus. 5 ref.
The NFPA Catalog - Fire safety products and services from the National Fire Protection Association
Contents of this catalogue: codes and standards; fire protection; fire service; fire safety education; special groups (hotels, hospitals, penitentiaries, businesses); references (laws, hazardous materials).
Spring 1986, National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269, USA. 99p. Illus. 6 ref.
Risk assessment for hazardous installations
This report examines the techniques that can be used to assess the significance of risk in quantitative terms and compares how these techniques are used in practice in the nuclear industry with the way they are used in those parts of the process industry that can be classified as having a major hazard potential. The report concentrates on the practices in Germany (Fed.Rep.), the United Kingdom and France. Some additional comments are made on the practices adopted in the Netherlands and Denmark.
Pergamon Press Ltd., Headington Hill Hall, Oxford, OX3 0BW, United Kingdom, 1986. 279p. Illus. Bibl. Appendices. Price: US$45.00.
Napier D.H., Roopchand D.R.
An approach to hazard analysis of LNG spills
A logical approach to hazard analysis is described and details of the features of analysis are outlined. Recommendations are given for the choice of a suitable gas dispersion model. Combustion and explosion are considered and limits of acceptability are discussed, including an evaluation of the adequacy of thermal radiation models from pool fires. Three methods for predicting radiant flux densities that would be received at the property line are examined and compared to data from the Canadian Standard Z276, which is similar to the NFPA 59A standard (USA).
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Feb. 1986, Vol.7, No.4, p.251-272. Illus. 34 ref.
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB's): Potential health hazards from electrical equipment fires or failures
Aspects covered in this NIOSH Current Intelligence Bulletin (No.45): physical and chemical properties of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); use of PCBs in electrical equipment and potential for exposure following fire of equipment failure; exposure limits; toxicity data; recommendations.
Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, NIOSH, Robert A. Taft Laboratories, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, 1986. 25p. 90 ref.
Rolin A., Guénier J.P., Muller J.
Thermal degradation of industrial products - Determination of harmful substances by laboratory testing
Dégradation thermique de produits industriels - Mise en évidence des nuisances par essais en laboratoire [in French]
The complexity of thermal decomposition reactions does not permit the nature of the product gases, vapours and fumes to be predicted from the properties of the starting materials. This is why qualitative analysis in a laboratory is often necessary before sampling and quantitative measurement in the workplace. Description of the analytical methods used by the French National Research and Safety Institute to analyse samples, together with the limitations of these methods: infrared spectroscopy, gas chromatography, chromatography with mass spectrometry; bubbling and solid-support sampling.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 2nd quarter 1986, No.123, Note No.1582-123-86, p.205-212. Illus. 18 ref.
Underground belt conveyors
Aspects covered in this illustrated data sheet: description of conveyors; friction-caused fires, electrical fires; fire prevention, methods and equipment; engineering considerations; dust control; conveyor belt related injuries; lock and tag procedures.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1986. 8p. Illus. 2 ref.
Orris P., Worobec S., Kahn G., Hryhorczuk D., Hessl S.
Chloracne in firefighters
This letter to the editor provides a case study of 2 firefighters who developed lesions consistent with chloracne. Both of them had been exposed to silicon tetrachloride during a spill, as well as to other chloracnegens in their professional life.
Lancet, 25 Jan. 1986, Vol.1, No.8474, p.210-211. Illus. 4 ref.
Louhevaara V., Smolander J., Korhonen O., Tuomi T.
Maximal working times with a self-contained breathing apparatus
The effects of a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) on relative aerobic strain (%VO2 max) and heart rate (HR) were studied at light,moderate and heavy exercise levels on a treadmill in temperate conditions. The subjects comprised 13 firemen having a mean VO2 max of 4.16 L/min. Maximal working times (WT max) with SCBA were calculated with the studies results and with experimental data in the literature. During moderately heavy exercise, carrying an SCBA decreased the subjects estimated WT max from 60 to 44min. The estimated WT max for a single operation with SCBA was critically short (18 min) when the average VO2 max for men aged 20-29 was used in the calculations. Excessive strain in an efficient fire fighting operation of 20-30 min with SCBA can only be avoided through good physical work capacity and self-control of the physical workload.
Ergonomics, Jan. 1986, Vol.29, NO.1, p.77-85. Bibl.
Health (Fire Prevention) Regulations 1985 [Australia - Victoria]
These regulations were made on 18 June 1985 and amended in 1987. They provide for obligatory fire prevention and protection measures in workplaces with more than 25 employees, public buildings and buildings with more than 10 separate tenements.
In: Australian Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare, CCH Australia Ltd., Cnr. Talavera and Khartoum Roads, Box 230, North Ryde NSW 2113, Australia, Vol.2, 4p. (pages numbered 62,541 - 62,544).
Oberste Bergbehörde beim Ministerrat der DDR
Occupational safety and health, fire protection. Coal and coke plants [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz - Brandschutz - Kohle- und Koksanlagen [in German]
This standard (effective 1 June 1986) applies to safety engineering of equipment and processes and also to safe human behaviour in connection with the operation, use and maintenance of the equipment. It consists of 6 parts: terms and definitions; general requirements for safety engineering; human behaviour; brown coal briquetting factories; coal dust firing and coal dust generating plants; low-temperature carbonisation of brown coal and lignite coking plants.
Verlag für Standardisierung, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, July 1985. 34p. Bibl.
Ventilation and fire fighting in mines
Rudničnaja ventiljacija i bor'ba s podzemnymi požarami [in Russian]
This textbook is intended for students of mining institutes. Contents: the mining atmosphere (atmospheric and mine air, control of mine air composition, mining dust, complex of dust control measures in mines, climatic conditions in mines), mine ventilation technology (air movement in mine workings, natural ventilation, fans and their operation in the mine ventilation network, regulation of air consumption in mines, ventilation equipment and systems, aeration of workings, dust control and ventilation services and monitoring of mining ventilation function); fire fighting in mines (phases of endogenous fires and signs for their recognition, preventing and putting out fires in mines); rescue organisation in mines.
Izdatel'stvo Nedra, Valovaja 28, 113 054 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 3rd ed. 248p. Illus. 37 ref. Appendices. Price: SUR 0.75.
Process safety (chemicals, fire and explosion hazards)
This report on a project sponsored by NICE, UNDP and ILO (THA/82/05) outlines its activities and provides comments and recommendations concerning toxic materials. Aspects covered: storage and handling of dangerous materials; industrial ventilation; thermal comfort; work in confined spaces; fire and explosion prevention; suggestions for further projects. Appendices contain details on the topics studied.
National Institute for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment, Bangkok, Thailand, 1985. 80p. Illus.
Investigation of the functioning of fire doors
Undersökning om branddörrars funktion [in Swedish]
In Finland an experiment was carried out to examine the functioning of different types of fire doors under difficult conditions (electricity switched off, half-shut doors etc.). A flame was put to the meltable locking device of 431 fire doors. 20% of the doors did not function satisfactorily. One of the reasons for this was that many doors had been damaged, especially by the passing of trucks. Doors with hinges were more often damagedd than gliding doors. Conclusions of the study: the door opening must be sufficiently wide to permit the passage of trucks without difficulty; the doors must be checked and maintained regularly; central control systems for the opening and shutting of important fire doors should be installed; technical improvements in this field should be followed attentively.
Industriförsäkring, 1985, No.3, p.30-33. Illus.
Institut für Kommunalwirtschaft, Dresden
Occupational safety and health, fire protection. Textile cleaning. 01. Terms and definitions; safety requirements. 02. Safe behaviour conforming to principles of occupational safety and fire protection [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz, Brandschutz. Textilreinigung. Termini und Definitionen; Sicherheitstechnische Forderungen. Arbeitsschutz- und Brandschutzgerechtes Verhalten [in German]
Standard /01 prescribes safety requirements for various laundry and dry-cleaning rooms, including construction and ventilation engineering measures, and for different types of washing machines, dry-cleaning installations and mangles. Standard /02 covers safe behaviour of textile cleaning workers regarding eating and smoking, protective clothing, risk behaviour, operation and maintenance of machines, handling of flammable solvents and of the textiles. The standards are effective 1 July 1988.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, Sep. 1985. 4p./4p.
Textbook to be used in the training of Fireground Commanders (FGCs) - the fire fighting officers with overall responsibilities for the fighting of the fire. Contents: role, responsibilities and qualities of the FGC; standard operating procedures; functions of command; rescue; fire control; property conservation; fire stream (water) management; support activities; apparatus placement; safety (safety programmes, standard safety procedures, department safety rules). Summaries and exercises accompany each chapter.
National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269, USA, 1985. 262p. Illus. 13 ref. Glossary. Index.
Oberste Bergbehörde beim Ministerrat der DDR
Occupational safety and health, fire protection. Coal and coke plants. Brown coal low temperature carbonisation and coking plants [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz, Brandschutz. Kohle- und Koksanlagen. Braunkohlenschwelereien und Braunkohlenkokereien [in German]
This standard (effective from 1 June 1986, including equipment already in use) applies to safety engineering of equipment and processes and also to safe human behaviour in connection with the operation, use and maintenance of the equipment.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, July 1985. 4p.
Oberste Bergbehörde beim Ministerrat der DDR
Occupational safety and health, fire protection. Coal and coke plants. Terms and definitions [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz, Brandschutz. Kohle- und Koksanlagen. Termini und Definitionen [in German]
This standard (effective 1 June 1986) gives the definitions of basic terms in the field of occupational safety used in connection with mining, bunkering, mechanical and thermal transformation and firing of coal and coke.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, July 1985. 3p.
Oberste Bergbehörde beim Ministerrat der DDR, Leipzig
Occupational safety and health, fire protection. Coal and coke plants. Coal dust firing and coal dust generating plants [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz, Brandschutz. Kohle- und Koksanlagen. Staubfeuerungen und Stauberzeugungsanlagen [in German]
This standard (effective 1 June 1986, including equipment already in use) covers the aspects: safety engineering of coal dust firing equipment and pulverisation and desiccation plants for some varieties of coal and coke; human behaviour preventing accidents and fires.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, July 1985. 3p.
Data sheet on fire prevention and protection and fire fighting equipment.
Farm Safety Association, Unit 22, 340 Woodlawn Road West, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 1985. 2p. Illus.
Code of Practice for protective clothing for fire fighters [Manitoba, Canada]
Code of Practice issued under the Workplace Safety and Health Act (1976). It provides a minimum standard, whose non-observance is not in itself an offence under law.
Queen's Printer, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Feb. 1985. 6p.
Occupational safety and health. Tools for cutting and forming. General requirements [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz. Werkzeuge zum Schneiden und Umformen. Allgemeine Forderungen [in German]
This standard (effective 1 Mar. 1987) applies to cutting and cold forming of sheet metal only. Aspects covered: clamping and holding devices; hazards and their prevention in the working process; noise control; human behaviour; safety and health documentation for the manufacturers and users.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, Nov. 1985. 9p. Illus.
Zentralinstitut für Arbeitsschutz
Health, labour protection and fire protection regulations in force [German Democratic Republic]
Geltende Vorschriften für den Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz sowie Brandschutz [in German]
List of titles of regulations in force as of 1 Oct. 1984 in the German Democratic Republic that deal with occupational health, occupational safety and fire prevention. The titles are classified according to type of document: laws, decrees, ordinances, directives, orders, guidelines for application.
Staatverlag der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, Berlin, German Democratic Republic, 1985. 160p.
Safety measures during the use of coal and coal dust
Sicherheit beim Umgang mit Kohlen und Kohlenstäuben [in German]
Safety rules for workers, classification of coal and coke, fire and explosion risks associated with coal dusts, applicable standards in the German Democratic Republic, terminology, risks associated with transport and storage, preventive measures (particularly in storage areas), use of coal dust in steam generation, fire control measures.
Verlag Tribüne, Am Treptower Park 28-30, DDR-1193 Berlin, 1985. 62p. Illus. 11 ref. Price: M.1.00.
Fire brigade operations video
One-hour video tape on industrial fire brigades covering: fire concepts and protective equipment, non-emergency fire brigade operations, emergency fire brigade operations. Available in VHS, UMATIC, or BETA in PAL, SECAM or NTSC.
National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269, USA, 1985. 1h.
Polyimide resins: properties, uses, safety
Résines polyimides: propriétés, applications, sécurité [in French]
Information note issued by the Centre national de prévention et de protection (France), an organisation that specialises in fire prevention and protection. Summary: general information; resistance to chemicals; resistance to fire; printed circuit-board materials; friction materials, uses in industry; polyimide glues.
Face au risque, Dec. 1985, No.218, p.51-54.
Fire hazards in shoe factories
Les dangers d'incendie des usines de chaussures [in French]
Information note issued by the Centre national de prévention et de protection (France), an organisation that specialises in fire prevention and protection. Summary: flammable liquids and ignition sources in the shoe industry (mainly: acetone, ethyl alcohol, toluene, gasoline); storage and uses of these liquids; dust and waste matter found in shoe factories; fire protection.
Face au risque, Oct. 1985, No.126, p.71-74.
Vasiljanskij N.P., Skljarov L.A., Kočerga V.N.
Protecting buildings against the entry of methane
Zaščita zdanij ot proniknovenija v nih metana [in Russian]
Measurements conducted during the construction of an industrial building on the site of a former peat bog showed that dangerous amounts of methane were being liberated by the ground. Protective measures proposed for preventing methane build-up in and around the building include: laying a gas-impermeable floor over a layer of gravel; putting openings in the floor that communicate with an exhaust system that discharges above the roof; ensuring that the ventilation system renews the air in the building at least once every hour; surround the building with gravel beds or ventilation channels and collecting pipes; monitor the methane and carbon monoxide levels in the collectors around the building before permitting people to enter and begin work.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, Oct. 1985, No.10, p.50-51.
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