Fires - 2,022 entries found
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Assessing the flammability of aerosols in warehouses
A test has been developed to evaluate the flammability of stored aerosol products. Described are the nature of aerosols, safe aerosol storage, the test, and correlating the test results with large-scale test results.
Fire Prevention, July-Aug. 1987, No.201, p.24-28. Illus.
Calvo Sáez J.A.
Electrical installations in atmospheres with flammable dust
Instalaciones eléctricas para atmósferas con polvos combustibles/Instalaciones eléctricas para atmósferas con polvos combustibles [in Spanish]
Contents of this article written for safety engineers: classification of work premises containing flammable dust, according to Spanish regulations; protective devices; general features of electrical equipment; prescriptions for electrical installations in flammable dust environments; marking of electrical installations.
Prevención, Apr.-June 1987, No.100, p.8-17. Illus. 8 ref.
Williamson J., Kavanagh B.
Vinyl chloride monomer and other contaminants in PVC welding fumes
The nature of fumes produced during thermal welding of plasticised PVC sheeting was studied to determine if vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), a known carcinogen, is formed and to assess the level of exposure to the operator. The atmospheric concentrations of VCM are well below accepted occupational exposure limits. This finding is consistent with reports in the technical literature which suggest that VCM is produced during thermal degradation of PVC only at temperatures considerably higher than those encountered during plastic welding.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, May 1987, Vol.48, No.5, p.432-436. 11 ref.
Richardson J.K., Oleszkiewicz I.
Fire tests on window assemblies protected by automatic sprinklers
Full-scale fire tests on wired and tempered glazing in steel and aluminum frames are described. These assemblies achieved fire resistance ratings when exposed to a standard fire of 45min to 2h. The maximum radiant heat flux transmitted through the glass was reduced by more than 90%.
Fire Technology, May 1987, Vol.23, No.2, p.115-132. Illus. 10 ref.
Some tools for fire model validation
General ideas are offered for describing fire model validity prior to starting product design. Validation of independent test results is part of this phase. Differences between comparable results, graphical methods, and distinctions between random and systematic errors are discussed.
Fire Technology, May 1987, Vol.23, No.2, p.95-114. Illus. 14 ref.
Chemical safety (I: Proper handling; II: Health hazards; III: Fire and explosion)
Audiovisual series for training purposes. Contents: I - Eight rules for the safe handling of chemicals, behaviour of chemical substances, material safety data sheets, labelling, emergency procedures. II - Effects of chemicals on human health, procedures to follow after accidents, first aid procedures, emergency eyewash and shower facilities. III - Fire and explosion hazards connected with chemicals (flashpoints, reactivity, vapour pressure), safe handling and storage, consequences of using the wrong kind of extinguisher, prevention of fires and explosions.
Tel-A-Train Inc., 309 N. Market Street, P.O. Box 4752, Chattanooga, TN 37405, USA, 1987. 3 videotapes (NTSC, PAL), also available as 16mm film. Length: 20min each. Price: USD 410.00 each (videotape), USD 450.00 each (film). Rental: USD 110.00 each (videotape), USD 150.00 each (film).
Automatic fire ventilation systems
This data sheet covers the principles and objectives of heat and smoke venting; design factors; equipment choice; controlling the system; inspection, maintenance and commissioning; mandatory requirements.
Fire Protection Association, 140 Aldersgate Street, London EC1A 4HX, United Kingdom, Apr. 1987. 6p. Illus.
Davis P.O., Dotson C.O.
Physiological aspects of fire fighting
This literature review discusses: environmental stressors (temperature, noise, breathing atmosphere, respirators, physical requirements) and medical evaluation (cardiovascular system, orthopaedic status, age and job performance).
Fire Technology, Nov. 1987, Vol.23, No.4, p.280-291. Illus. 54 ref.
Fire protection - Safety signs
Protection contre l'incendie - Signaux de sécurité [in French]
This international standard specifies safety signs for use in the field of fire protection and fire-fighting. Its field of application extends to all situations in which it is necessary or desirable to indicate publicly the location and/or the nature of: a) fire alarms and manual controls; b) means of escape from fire; c) means for fire-fighting; d) means of preventing fire spreading; e) areas or materials of special fire risk. For each case, the standard provides the graphical symbol, its meaning, shape and colours, as well as comments on use.
International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, Sep. 1987. 8p. Illus.
Association Suisse pour la technique du Soudage; Association des Etablissements cantonaux d'Assurance contre l'Incendie
Prevention of fires caused by welding and other open-flame operations
La prévention des incendies causés par le soudage et d'autres travaux à feux ouverts [in French]
Training and reference booklet covering: direct and indirect effects of fire; organisational and technical preventive measures; legal aspects (fire safety, occupational safety, criminal and civil liability) in Switzerland; suggestions for in-plant safety training; authorisation of welding work; information note on fire prevention.
Service de Prévention d'Incendie pour l'industrie et l'artisanat, Nüschelerstrasse 45, 8001 Zürich, Switzerland, 1987. 16p. Illus. 29 ref.
Measurement of the fume emittance of polymers using a "Fumenometre"
Mesure du pouvoir fumigène des polymères à l'aide du fuménomètre [in French]
The model "Fumenometre" is based on the principle of pyrolysis of substances in air that is not renewed, and it involves the measurement of fume opacity using photometry. The use of this apparatus is justified by its recourse to small pieces of materials that can be obtained from finished objects, and by its fast and reliable measurement technique. The apparatus has been tested so far on a number of materials with low fume emittance (thermoplastics, elastomers, thermo-setting foams and mixtures used for cables).
Sécurité - sciences et techniques, June-July 1987, No.65, p.44-47. Illus.
The Sandoz warehouse fire
This fire (near Basle, Switzerland, 1 Nov. 1986) and its consequences are described: the warehouse; effects on health; ecological damage; psychological effects on the population; safety measures after the fire; problem of the fire extinguishing water; compensation for damages; clean-up.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, June 1987, No.075, p.11-17. Illus.
Fire protection systems - How to cope with impairments
Recommendations are given for maintaining fire protection when sprinkler systems are shut down for any reason: keep as much protection in service as possible; restore protection promptly; keep unprotected areas small and use temporary protection; alert personnel; eliminate ignition sources; establish fire watches; and alert emergency organisation. An actual case of proper procedure is described.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Apr. 1987, No.074, p.17-22. Illus.
Council of Scientific Affairs (American Medical Association)
Preventing death and injury from fires with automatic sprinklers and smoke detectors
This report and literature survey covers the data on fires in the USA, which has one of the highest incidences of fires and fire death rates in the industrialised world. Recommendations are made on legislation and financial inducements for the installation of smoke detectors and automatic sprinkler systems in all new residential and commercial buildings.
Journal of the American Medical Association, 27 Mar. 1987, Vol.257, No.12, p.1618-1620. 17 ref.
Knapp J., Parker C.
Making hazmat training real
The planning, preparation and production of a hazardous materials fire exercise is described. Recommendations include: establish exercise goals; establish size of exercise; develop scenario; select product; plan realistic conditions of spill leak. A critique should follow the exercise.
Fire Command, Mar. 1987, Vol.54, No.3, p.14-18. Illus.
The aftermath of the Sandoz fire
The Sandoz plant setting, the 1986 fire, and the effects are described. Possible causes are discussed and preventive measures recommended including materials storage and types of storage, protective goals, and security measures.
Fire Prevention, May 1987, No.199, p.13-20. Illus.
Phillips M., Tannahill A., Batten L., Wells J.
Smoking at work
Three articles: No smoke without fire (on the legal and practical implications of workplace smoking policies in the United Kingdom, with a discussion of some recent legal decisions in the USA, Sweden and Australia). Introducing a non-smoking policy (planning, survey of employers' attitudes, implementation, monitoring and evaluation, example of an actual policy from a health care organisation). Women and smoking.
Occupational Health, Mar. 1987, Vol.39, No.3, p.77-87. 16 ref.
Day M., Sturgeon P.Z.
Thermal radiative protection of fire fighters' protective clothing
A method for measuring the thermal radiative protection of 11 actual fire fighters' garments to an incident radiative heat flux of 8.4kW/m2 is described. The results indicate the time to pain and to second degree burn as well as the pain alarm time. The thermal inertia of the garments is also mesured on the basis of burn exposure time. Differences in physical properties such as garment thickness, total weight and number of layers are examined in order to establish the existence of any correlations.
Fire Technology, Feb. 1987, Vol.23, No.1, p.49-59. Illus. 15 ref.
Harmathy T.Z., Oleszkiewicz I.
Fire drainage system
The new system copes with fire spreading by convection; it can be designed to operate without water and electricity. Fire and smoke are confined to the room of origin and a small corridor adjacent to the room. The mathematical fundamentals are presented and experimental work to check the reliability of the system components and to obtain design information on the drainage duct is described.
Fire Technology, Feb. 1987, Vol.23, No.1, p.26-48. Illus. 12 ref.
This data sheet covers: causes; oxidative self-heating; particular auto-ignition hazards; microbiological and chemical processes; effect of moisture on self-heating; effects of pile size, temperatures, and time; precautions.
Industrial Safety Data File, Apr. 1987, p.B:13:1-B:13:6. 2 ref.
The effect of mixtures of particle sizes on the minimum ignition temperature of a dust cloud
The ignition temperatures of clouds of different concentrations of fine and coarse dusts of the same materials were determined. The minimum ignition temperatures were also determined. The ignition temperature depends on the particle size; a mixture of 30% fine dust with coarse dust reduces the minimum temperature by 70-80% of the total possible reduction.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Feb. 1987, Vol.14, No.2, p.241-246. Illus. 5 ref.
Damel R., Vallaud A.
Choice of extinguishants for chemical fires
Du choix des agents extincteurs pour feux de produits chimiques [in French]
Discussion with numerous examples of the incompatibility of water with certain classes of chemical compound, of certain foams with polar liquids and of halons with highly reactive substances. List of chemical products whose fires can be fought effectively with standard extinguishants.
Sécurité - sciences et techniques, Apr. 1987, No.63, p.54-62. Illus. 22 ref.
Babrouskas V., Levin B.C., Gann R.G.
New approach to fire toxicity data for hazard evaluation
The inadequacies of present smoke toxicity testing methods are discussed and a new methodology suggested. Is is based on the determination of a small number of gases; they must be identified and toxicity measurements made under fire conditions, using animals.
Fire Journal, Mar.-Apr. 1987, Vol.81, No.2, p.22-23, 27-28, 70-71. Illus. 34 ref.
Fire brigade training program: instructor's guide - Emergency forces training for work environments
Instructor's guide to industrial fire brigades covering: fire concepts and protection equipment; the nature of fire; building fire protection equipment and systems; fire brigade equipment; non-emergency fire brigade operations; fire inspection; care and maintenance of fire brigade equipment; pre-fire planning; emergency fire brigade operations; fire brigade safety; alarm, evacuation; size-up and control of utilities; emergency medical care; extinguishment of fire, salvage operations; simulation; critique and wrap-up.
National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MASS. 02269, USA, 1984. 107p. Bibl.ref.
A new interpretation method for high and low pressure carbon dioxide fire extinguishing installations
Data needed to design effective extinguishing systems were obtained from 25 flooding tests. The test results were compared with calculated data indicating flaws in the present design method. A new design method is in preparation.
Fire Prevention, Jan.-Feb. 1987, No.196, p.34-38. Illus. 13 ref.
The Health and Safety at Work (Fire Precautions) Regulations 1986 [Bermuda]
Topics: Bermuda; escape and exit; fire drills; fire prevention; fire service organization; law; responsibilities of employers.
Bermuda Official Gazette, 5 Dec. 1986, No.12, p.49-50.
Work with paints [Netherlands]
Verfverwerking [in Dutch]
This directive (a revision of CIS 77-50) contains instructions for the promotion of safety in paint manufacturing, storage, processing and use, particularly from the point of view of fire and explosion prevention. The prevention of poisoning due to exposure to toxic paints is also dealt with.
Labour Inspectorate, Directorate-General of Labour (Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 2nd ed., 1986. 23p. Illus. 23 ref.
The role of dampers in a total fire protection system
Current issues affecting the use of fire and smoke dampers are reviewed. Topics discussed include problems the dampers will solve, current test methods and standards used to evaluate dampers, application of damper technology by the model building codes, and the contribution of dampers to overall fire safety. Detailed are: fire and smoke damper requirements, fire test criteria, fire safety decision tree factors. A typical room configuration with fire barrier and its performance factors is illustrated.
Society of Fire Protection Engineers, 60 Batterymarch Street, Boston, MA 02110, USA, 1986. 15p. Illus. 18 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Storage of packaged dangerous substances
This guidance note gives advice on: reduction of the dangers from blast, missiles and the release of radioactive or infectious substances from fires involving packaged dangerous substances in storage; reduction of the incidence of such fires; reduction of the likelihood of hazardous interaction of dangerous substances in the event of leakage or damage to packages during storage.
HM Stationery Office, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, Jan. 1986. 6p. Illus.
Fire-fighting and rescue equipment
Matériel de lutte et de secours contre l'incendie [in French]
This 2-volume collection includes French standards covering the terminology, properties and representation of fire-fighting equipment and extinguishing agents, as well as a list of French regulations pertaining to fire protection. Vol.1: generalities; piping and valves; vehicles and equipment for fire-fighting and rescue. Vol.2: fire extinguishers, fire detectors and fixed extinguishing systems.
Association française de normalisation, Tour Europe, 92080 Paris-la-Défense Cedex 7, France, 1986. Vol.1, 511p. Vol.2, 559p. Illus.
Nemčinov N.N., Murav'eva C.V., Belikov A.B., Markova L.R.
Hygienic assessment of working conditions in the manufacture of wires with plastic insulation
Gigieničeskaja ocenka uslovij truda v proizvodstve provodov s plastmassovoj izoljaciej [in Russian]
Hygienic studies carried out in the manufacture of wires insulated with heat-stable polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride showed that polyethylene application involves release of a vapour-gas-arerosol mixture consisting of 15 components, the principal of which are acetaldehyde, acetic acid, acetone and formaldehyde. Phosphorus compounds from stabilisers were also detected. During application of polyvinyl chloride insulation another range of compounds is released, the hygienically significant of which are vinyl chloride, 1,1-dichlorethane benzene, chlorobenzene and benzaldehyde. Concentrations of these components in workplace air do not exceed the corresponding MACs except for phosphorus compounds. In the manufacture of wires with polyvinyl chloride insulation the main health hazards are vinyl chloride and benzaldehyde.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Aug. 1986, No.8, p.33-36. Illus. 3 ref.
Performance by computer modeling or prescrition by model code?
Model code requirements for estimation of smoke development and sprinkler response time were modelled and compared on a personal computer. The four-dimensional model simulates a floor fire and aids in establishing boundary conditions for components and performance criteria for detection, alarm, smoke extraction, and fire suppression systems.
Society of Fire Protection Engineers, 60 Batterymarch Street, Boston, MA 02110, USA, 1986. 31p. Illus. 13 ref.
Solt J., Schandl V.
Flammable substances produced during the thermo-mechanical processing of polyolefins
A poliolefinek termo-mechanikus feldolgozásakor képződő tűzveszélyes anyagok [in Hungarian]
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of by-products produced during the processing of polyolefin (polyisobutylene, polypropylene and polyethylene) mixtures revealed the presence of 17 different flammable components. Though the mean concentration of each of these substances was below danger levels, some of the maximum concentrations measured did indicate the existence of explosion hazards.
Munkavédelem, munka- és üzemegészségügy, 1986, Vol.32, No.7-9, p.123-127. Illus. 6 ref.
Ministerium des Innern
Fire protection. Furnishing with technical fire-fighting appliances. Portable fire extinguishers and mobile fire extinguishers [German Democratic Republic]
Brandschutz. Ausrüstung mit Brandschutztechnik. Handfeuerlöscher und fahrbare Feuerlöschgeräte [in German]
This standard (effective: 1 Jul. 1987) specifies the requirements for furnishing factories and work premises with fire-fighting equipment. Included are: selection of suitable portable fire extinguishers; determination of the required number of portable fire extinguishers; placement of the fire extinguishers in rooms and in the open air.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, Jul. 1986. 2p.
Fire loss in the United States during 1985
This survey gathered statistics on civilian deaths, injuries and property losses for 1985 and compared them with prior years. All categories showed increases. The background of the survey and definitions of terms are given.
Fire Journal, Sep. 1986, Vol.80, No.5, p.26-39. + p.62-65. Illus.
Safer underground - Humber LPG terminal
The site selection, cavern construction, fire-protection and -fighting facilities, jetty service and transfer facilities for storing liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) are described. Safety is emphasised; a minimum amount of the LPG is above ground.
Fire Prevention, Sep. 1986, No.182, p.21-25. Illus.
Béland B., Saucier D.
Fire damage to aluminium wired receptacles
Ten receptacles with aluminium wiring were put into wood fires to observe the damage to the metal parts. Localised melting and pitting occurred to show that the damage was not caused by electricity.
Fire Technology, Nov. 1986, Vol.22, No.4, p.341-345. Illus. 12 ref.
Welker J.R., Martinsen W.E., Johnson D.W.
Effectiveness of fire control agents for hexane fires
Hexane was used as a model to study control and extinguishment of hazardous chemical fires. More than 200 tests were run using 3 low expansion and 1 high expansion foams, and 3 dry chemical agents. A basic test method was developed to compare the effectiveness of fire fighting agents on various liquid fuels. The advantages and disadvantages of the different types of agents are described.
Fire Technology, Nov. 1986, Vol.22, No.4, p.329-340. Illus. 2 ref.
Performance of selected coatings applied to polystyrene block walls under simulated mine fire conditions
Nine classes of coatings were tested to determine the feasibility of coating polystyrene foam block walls for fire protection. The mine fires were simulated on a semilarge scale. A building plaster containing gypsum and perlite; a cement-based plaster with insulating polystyrene beads; and an expanded vermiculite, portland cement and limestone coating were effective in protecting the foam blocks for 15-60min. A ceramic fire blanket protected the blocks for 15min.
Fire Technology, Nov. 1986, Vol.22, No.4, p.311-328. Illus. 8 ref.
Croce P.A., Mudan K.S.
Calculating impacts for large open hydrocarbon fires
The heat radiation hazards from pool fires, jet flames, fireballs, and vapours cloud fires are mathematically modelled. Impact zones are determined to establish safe separation distances for personnel and equipment.
Fire Safety Journal, July-Sep. 1986, Vol.11, Nos.1 & 2, p.99-112. Illus. 15 ref.
Grant C.E., Pagni P.J.
Fire safety science
Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium held in Washington, D.C., USA, 7-11 Oct. 1985. Contents: fire physics (flame spread, toxicity tests, models); structural behaviour (steel, concrete, building panels); fire chemistry (oxidation, polymers, combustion products); people-fire interactions (escape means, simulations, building design); translation of research into practice (building design, models, design analysis); detection (signals, smoke detection); special problems (aircraft, lubricant fires, roofs, high-rise buildings, heavy gas behaviour, earthquakes); statistics, risk and system analysis (smoke spread, escape, earthquake, office buildings); smoke toxicity and toxic hazards (fire products, polymers, smoke, escape capability); fire suppression (extinguishers, models).
Springer-Verlag GmbH & Co., Auslieferungs-Gesellschaft, Haberstrasse 7, Postfach 105160, 6900 Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany, 1986. 1226p. Illus. Bibl.
Fire and smoke: understanding the hazards
Report supported by a consortium of US Federal agencies. Contents: fire deaths in the US; a primer on fire and fire hazard (the burning process, a typical compartment fire, fire hazard assessment, time needed for escape, time available for escape); status of fire hazard models and test methods; hazards associated with fires (heat, oxygen depletion, smoke, effects of smoke inhalation); laboratory methods for evaluation of toxic potency of smoke (combustion product toxicity tests, chemical analysis versus biological assay, test methods that use death as an end point, nonlethal test methods); two case studies illustrating guidelines for hazard assessment (burning of an upholstered chair, concealed combustible material).
Committee on Fire Toxicology, National Academy of Sciences, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington DC 20418, USA, 1986. 156p. Illus. 233 ref. Price: US$16.00 (USA, Canada, Mexico); US$19.25 (elsewhere).
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam
Fire safety. Electrostatic spark safety. General requirements [USSR]
Požarnaja bezopasnost'. Ėlektrostatičeskaja iskrobezopasnost'. Obščie trebovanija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1987) is intended to prevent fires and explosions caused by electrostatic sparks in industrial processes and equipment in all sectors of the USSR economy. The standard is not applicable to explosives. It is fully equivalent to CMEA standard ST SEV 5037-85. It requires that all processes and equipment maintain conditions that prevent the build-up of static electricity, and that tests be made to determine the tendency of processes and equipment to acquire an electrostatic charge; the ability of the environment of a process or machine to be ignited by a spark must also be determined. Quantities to be measured are specified, and 3 classes of spark safety are defined.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1986. 4p. Price: Rbl.0.03.
Glossary of fire protection
Lexikon Brandschutz [in German]
This 3-language glossary also includes detailed definitions (in German only) of each term. Regulations in effect in the German Democratic Republic are added in the appendix, as are definitions of SI units used in the field. There are alphabetic indices in English and Russian.
Staatsverlag der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, Otto-Grotewohl-Strasse 17, DDR-1086 Berlin, 1986. 716p. Illus. 96 ref.
Occupational safety and health, fire protection. Earthmoving and road building machines. 1. General requirements of excavators [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz, Brandschutz. Erdbewegungs- und Strassenbaumaschinen. 1. Allgemeine Festlegungen für Bagger [in German]
This standard (effective 1 Feb. 1987) applies also to excavators in use. Aspects covered: terms and definitions; classification; technical safety requirements.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, Mar. 1986. 2p.
Occupational safety and health, fire protection. Protection against electricity. General safety requirements [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz, Brandschutz. Schutz gegen Elektrizität. Allgemeine sicherheitstechnische Forderungen [in German]
This standard (effective 1 July 1987) covers: safety by design of electric plant and equipment; insulation; contact protection; short-circuit protection; protection against arcing; protection against electric and electromagnetic fields and electrostatic charges; lightning protection; prevention of fires and explosions.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, June 1986. 3p.
Occupational safety and health, fire protection. Earthmoving and road building machines. 2. Safety-conscious behaviour as to occupational safety and fire protection during the operation of excavators [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz, Brandschutz. Erdbewegungs- und Strassenbaumaschinen. 2. Arbeitsschutz- und brandschutzgerechtes Verhalten beim Einsatz von Baggern [in German]
This standard (effective 1 Feb. 1987) defines the safety rules to be observed by the operator during the operation, maintenance and transportation of excavators.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, Mar. 1986. 4p.
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam
Fire-fighting technology. Terms and definitions [USSR]
Požarnaja tehnika. Terminy i opredelenija) [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1987) defines general and specific terms for fire-fighting and rescue equipment, with German equivalents. Alphabetic lists of Russian and German terms are included.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1986. 19p. Price: Rbl.0.10.
Fire safety standards in commercial enterprises [Portugal]
Normas de segurança contra riscos de incêndio a aplicar em estabelecimentos comerciais [in Portuguese]
Decree establishing minimum fire safety standards to be applied in Portuguese commercial enterprises, covering: responsibilities; emergency exits; fire resistance of construction materials; electrical installations; presence of combustible materials; ventilation systems; lifts; alarms and emergency measures; safety instructions. This decree is also available in a separate booklet published as part of the series Cadernos de Divulgação (No.22) by: Direcção-Geral de Higiene e Segurança do Trabalho, Av. da República, 84-4.°, 1600 Lisboa, Portugal (27p.).
Diário da República, 19 Aug. 1986, I Série, No.189, p.2080-2085.
Dally S., Falcy M., Cordier S., Conso F.
Evaluation of health hazards of exposure to combustion products of polychlorinated biphenyls
Evaluation des risques pour la santé lors de l'exposition aux produits de combustion des polychlorobiphényles [in French]
Information note for occupational physicians. Detection of the decomposition products of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and of the chlorobenzenes in askarels: polychlorodibenzofurans (PCDF), polychlorodibenzodioxins (PCDD) and polychlorodiphenylenes (PCBP). Toxicity of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) in animals and man: liver damage, immunological effects, carcinogenicity, teratogenicity. Toxicity of other chlorodibenzodioxins and dibenzofurans, of PCBs and of trichlorobenzene. Action to take in case of exposure to PCDD and PCDF: examination and questioning at the time of the accident, further clinical examination and investigation, determination of PCBs, PCDD and PCDF. Medical surveillance of workers exposed to PCBs.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, Oct. 1986, No.27, p.211-217. Illus. 59 ref.
Fitzgerald E.F., Standfast S.J., Youngblood L.G., Melius J.M., Janerich D.T.
Assessing the health effects of potential exposure to PCBs, dioxins, and furans from electrical transformer fires: The Binghamton State Office Building Medical Surveillance Program
A medical surveillance programme was established for 482 persons who were potentially exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dibenzo-p-dioxins, and dibenzofuans from fire in 1981. Blood samples were analysed for serum concentrations of PCBs and for biochemical and haematologic parameters at the time of the fire and 9 to 12 mo later. Firefighters and individuals who were in the building for 25 hr or more were also asked about post-fire symptomatology and examined after 1 yr for disorders of the skin, eyes, liver, and neurologic system. No cases of chloracne were detected, and there was no clinical evidence of any other exposure-related systemic disorder. The data suggest that exposure to contaminants from the building did not result in substantial absorption or cause any major short-term health effects.
Archives of Environmental Health, Nov.-Dec. 1986, Vol.41, No.6, p.368-376. Illus. 45 ref.
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