Fires - 2,022 entries found
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The use of foam for vapor mitigation
Guide on the choice and use of extinguishing foams for the suppression of vapours evolving from spills of organic, acidic or basic materials.
Fire Command, Apr. 1988, Vol.55, No.4, p.18-20. Illus.
Fire fighter fatality report - 1987
124 U.S. fire fighters died in 1987 compared to 113 in 1986. 50% of the deaths were from stress leading to heart attacks. Apparatus and motor vehicle accidents accounted for 33 deaths.
Fire Command, June 1988, Vol.55, No.6, p.18-20. Illus.
Briggs A.A., Webb J.S.
Gasoline fires and foams
Several types of currently used foams were tested for effectiveness on various fuels, including aviation kerosene, heptane, hexane, pentane, benzene, toluene, and motor gasoline. The purpose of the tests was to find some standard against which to measure fire fighting capabilities of foams. Difficulties in testing and test results are discussed. It was found that several popular foams fail more frequently than expected.
Fire Technology, Feb. 1988, Vol.24, No.1, p.48-58. Illus. 15 ref.
Krasny J., Rockett J.A., Huang D.
Protecting fire fighters exposed in room fires: Comparison of results of bench scale test for thermal protection and conditions during room flashover
Heat flux conditions measured in seven room fires are discussed. The conditions varied from just below flashover in a sparsely furnished bedroom to flashover and severe postflashover fire in a typically furnished recreation room. These heat flux conditions are compared with the protection level provided by the fighter turnout coats conforming to NFPA 1971, Protective clothing for structural fire fighting. This standard requires that the turnout coat or pants assembly must protect the wearer against second degree burns when a heat flux of 84kW/m2 (2 cal/cm2s.) is applied to its outside surface for a minimum of 17.5 seconds. The results imply that fire fighters have only ten seconds or less to escape under most flashover conditions. However, the turnout coats provide good protection in many other fire situations. Practical definitions for flashover are given, and possible means for making the TPP test more relevant for research and development work are discussed.
Fire Technology, Feb. 1988, Vol.24, No.1, p.5-19. Illus. 14 ref.
Initial analysis of the fire at the Port Edouard Herriot petroleum storage installation
Port Edouard-Herriot, un premier bilan [in French]
Analysis of a fire at a Lyon (France) petroleum storage installation (2-3 June 1987). It took 600 firemen 22h to extinguish the fire.
Face au risque, Feb. 1988, No.240, p.73-76, 78. Illus.
Fire prevention and control on construction sites
Contents of this data sheet: fire protection plan; assignment of responsibility and authority; co-ordination with outside agencies; inspections; investigation; training in emergency procedures; types of fires and ways to reduce them; cutting and welding; flammable and combustible liquids; woodworking; automatic sprinklers; watch service and fire alarms; temporary heating; combustible materials; housekeeping; temporary electrical equipment; maintenance; blasting; temporary structures; smoking. A selection chart for portable fire extinguishers and an example of a typical fire safety check list are included.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1988. 7p. Illus. 6 ref.
Film and video resource guide. I - Fire prevention. II - Fire training
Catalogue of 16-mm films, videotapes (VHS, Beta and 3/4") and slide-tape presentations available for sale and rental.
Coronet/MTI Film and Video, 108 Wilmot Road, Deerfield, IL 60015, USA, 1988. 2 booklets (10p.+14p.). Illus.
Health and Safety Executive
The storage of LPG at fixed installations
This booklet updates and supersedes HSE Guidance Note CS5 (CIS 82-1228), The storage of LPG at fixed installations, and Safety Series Booklet HS(G) 15, Storage of liquified petroleum gas at factories. Topics covered: legal requirements for LPG storage; properties and hazards of LPG; design and construction of LPG vessels and their location, separation and grouping; certification and marking of vessels; requirements for fittings such as valves, gauges, pumps and compressors, and for piping and associated equipment; design and installation of vaporisers; security of LPG installations and marking and identification of installations and their controls; hazardous area classification for electrical equipment; fire precautions; loading and unloading facilities; commissioning and de-commissioning of LPG vesels; maintenance and operational procedures; employee training.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1987. 37p. Illus. Bibl. Price: GBP 6.00.
Safety and Reliability Directorate
A users guide to ENGULF - A computer code to model the thermal response of a tank engulfed in fire
This guide describes how to set up a data-file, explains the structure of the code, functions of the various subroutines, gives a variable description list and provides an example program output.
United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Wigshaw Lane, Culcheth, WA3 4NE, United Kingdom, Apr. 1987. 36p. Illus. 9 ref. Price: GBP 5.00.
Fire protection - Fire extinguishing media - Powder
Protection contre l'incendie - Agents extincteurs - Poudres [in French]
This international standard specifies requirements for the chemical and physical properties, and for minimum performance in defined test methods, of fire extinguishing powders suitable for use against fires of classes A, B and C. Requirements are also given for the information and data to be declared by the manufacturer.
International Organization for Standardization, P.O. Box 56, 1211 Genève, Switzerland, 1987. 12p.
Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OSHA Final Rule - Grain handling facilities [USA]
This final rule (effective 30 Mar. 1988) contains the minimal requirements for the control of fires, grain dust explosions, and other safety hazards (e.g. entry into bins, silos and tanks) associated with grain handling facilities. Much background information.
Federal Register, 31 Dec. 1987, Vol.52, No.251, p.49592-49631. 31 ref.
Kuljanov V.V., Koročkin S.V., Zapol'skij Ju.M.
Determining the flammable limits of dimethylformamide in mixtures with water
Opredelenie koncentracionnyh predelov vosplamenenija dimetilformamida v smesi s vodoj [in Russian]
On the basis of vapour pressures of dimethylformamide (DMF) and water, and the flammable limits of mixtures of air, water vapour and DMF vapour, it was calculated that the most concentrated DMF solution that would not pose a fire hazard is 70% DMF.
Koževenno-obuvnaja promyšlennost', Apr. 1987, No.4, p.51-52. Illus. 2 ref.
Cashdollar K.L., Hertzberg M.
Industrial dust explosions
Proceedings of a symposium held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA (10-13 June 1986) and sponsored by the ASTM Committee E-27 on Hazard Potential of Chemicals, the US Bureau of Mines and the National Fire Protection Association. The papers presented provided new laboratory and large scale dust explosibility testing, accident investigation data and information on the practical design of preventive and protective measures for industrial equipment.
American Society for Testing and Materials, 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103, USA, Oct. 1987. 363p. Illus. Bibl. Price: GBP 38.00.
Strategies for recognising gases released from trucks carrying dangerous or hazardous substances, from hazardous waste disposal sites, and accidents and fires
Strategievorschläge zum Erkennen möglicher Gasgefahren beim Transport gefährlicher Stoffe, auf Sondermülldeponien, bei Unfällen und Bränden [in German]
The stain tubes for identifying gases escaping from (1) accidents and fires involving chemicals, (2) metal degreasing operations with trichloroethane and (3) plastics converting, are listed. They were selected on the basis of experiences gained to date. In each case an explosimeter is employed as well. In addition, air samples are drawn for more detailed analyses.
Drägerheft, Sep.-Dec. 1987, No.339, p.7-17. Illus. 19 ref.
VEB Kombinat Holzwerkstoffe, Beschläge und Maschinen
Occupational safety and health, fire protection - Manufacture of fibreboard and chipboard - 1. Safety requirements; 2. Safe behaviour conforming to occupational safety and fire protection [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz. Brandschutz. Faser- und Spanplattenherstellung. 1. Sicherheitstechnische Forderungen. 2. Arbeitsschutz- und brandschutzgerechtes Verhalten [in German]
Standard /01 defines the safety measures to be taken in designing and operating machines and tools in use in the manufacturing of fibreboards and chipboards, working places included. Standard /02 covers safe behaviour regarding operation and maintenance of the various machines as well as transport and storage of goods, and smoking. The standards are effective from 1 May 1988.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, May 1987. 4 + 3p.
Oberste Bergbehörde beim Ministerrat der DDR
Safety in coal and coking plants [German Democratic Republic]
Sicherheit in Kohle- und Koksanlagen [in German]
The text of GDR standards TGL 30 634/01 - 06, relating to occupational safety and health and fire protection in coal and coking plants, is explained in detail.
Verlag Tribüne, Am Treptower Park 28/30, DDR-1193 Berlin, 1987. 88p. Illus. 47 ref.
Ministerium für Elektrotechnik und Elektronik
Occupational safety and health, fire protection. Data processing systems. 1. Terms and definitions. 2. Safety requirements. 3. Safe behaviour conforming to occupational safety and fire protection [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz, Brandschutz. Datenverarbeitungseinrichtungen. 1. Termini und Definitionen. 2. Sicherheitstechnische Forderungen. 3. Arbeitsschutz- und brandschutzgerechtes Verhalten [in German]
Standard /01 contains definitions of the terms used; /02 prescribes the constructional, electrotechnical, climatic, health engineering and fire-protection requirements in the field; /03 covers safe behaviour regarding operation and maintenance of the systems. The standards are effective from 1 Mar. 1988.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, Feb. 1987. 1 + 4 + 2p. Illus.
Ministerium des Innern
Occupational safety and health, fire protection. Classification of fires [German Democratic Republic]
Klassifizierung der Brände [in German]
The standard, effective from 1 May 1988, contains the classification of fires according to the type of inflammable material: solids, liquids, gases and combustible metals. New symbols for the fire classes are presented.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, Aug. 1987. 2p. Illus.
Practical fire safety manual, 1987-1990 - Vol.1
Traité pratique de sécurité incendie, 1987-1990 - Tome 1 [in French]
The first of 6 chapters, "General administrative information", reviews the principal French regulations concerning fire safety, as well as information on organisations, insurance and the responsibilities of different parties. Chapter II, "General technical information", deals with the basic concepts necessary for an understanding of fire safety techniques. Chapter III, "Electricity", reviews definitions and applicable standards. Chapter IV, "Construction and design of buildings", deals with the concepts that are essential for the designer, builder and user of a building with regard to fire safety. Chapter V, "Prevention, protection", deals with the organisation and resources that may be used to prevent the occurrence of a fire. Chapter VI, "Operations", concerns maintenance work, waste removal and fire protection.
Centre national de prévention et de protection, 5 rue Daunou, 75002 Paris, France, 1987. 956p.
Šestakov N.M., Sarankin G.E., Ivanov E.A., Lupačev V.F., Udal'cova N.M., Rečkalova G.M.
Impact of the products of urea-formaldehyde resin break-down on the cardiovascular system of foundry workers
Vlijanie produktov destrukcii karbamidno-formal'degidnyh smol na serdečno-sosudistuju sistemu rabočih litejnogo ceha [in Russian]
The state of the cardiovascular system in 60 foundry workers exposed to urea-formaldehyde resin degradation products was studied. Workers in the control group had no contact with these substances. Medical examinations were repeated annualy during 3 years and included analysis of haemodynamics, electrocardiography and determination of peripheral resistance. The results showed that exposed workers had an overload of the right ventricle. The left heart reacted to prolonged exposure by developing hypokinesia, and an increase in peripheral resistance was observed. Appropriate preventive measures are recommended.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, July 1987, No.7, p.32-35. Illus. 8 ref.
Mal'ceva A.S., Frolov Ju.E., Jakušina E.P.
Peculiarities of the flammable limits of mixtures of cyclohexane and chlorine
Osobennosti predelov rasprostranenija plameni smesej ciklogeksana i hlora [in Russian]
To ensure the safety of the process of chlorination of cyclohexane, the flammable limits were determined for mixtures of cyclohexane, chlorine and nitrogen at atmospheric pressure and room temperature. Cyclohexane-rich mixtures remained explosive at lower oxidant concentrations than is the case for mixtures of cyclohexane with other hydrocarbons.
Himičeskaja promyšlennost', 1987, No.9, p.16-18. Illus. 5 ref.
Aleksandrov I.V., Burkov P.A., Ščadov I.M.
New fire-extinguishing and protective compositions based on orthophosphoric acid
Novye plamegasjaščie i profilaktičeskie sostavy na osnove ortofosfornoj kisloty [in Russian]
Aqueous mixtures of orthophosphoric acid (H3PO4) and alkyltrimethylammonium chloride (a cationic surfactant) are effective in preventing spontaneous combustion in opencast coal mines and coal dumps. The properties of different mixtures of the components are presented, and the results of field tests are described.
Ugol', Dec. 1987, No.12, p.50-52. Illus.
Physiological responses of fire fighters to workload and thermal stress
The physical work performance of 8 fire fighters wearing fire brigade uniforms and breathing apparatus was assessed. They were tested for 60min in a climatic chamber set at 15 and 45°C, respectively. The test was performed with and without fire fighting equipment. The subjects walked on a treadmill at a speed of 3.5km/h, producing a workload equivalent of 20% of the subjects' maximal oxygen uptake without equipment, and 30% with equipment. Wearing fire fighting equipment increased the oxygen uptake by 0.4Lmin-1. The heart rate at the end of the experiments reached near-maximum levels when the temperature was 45°C with equipment, and deep body temperature averaged 38.7°C. The subjects' ratings of perceived exertion were highly correlated with their heart rate. The combination of thick clothing and heavy breathing apparatus had a significant limiting effect on the endurance of fire fighters.
Ergonomics, Nov. 1987, Vol.30, No.11, p.1589-1597. Illus. 11 ref.
Buildings and fire - Design guide; Building products
Compendium of data-sheets in a ring-binder, usable for fire service training. Contents of Series FPDG (Design guide): fire and the law (in the United Kingdom); site requirements and space separation; control of fire and smoke in buildings; means of escape; fire-fighting facilities; detection equipment; fire hazard assessment; fire insurance; building services; cavities and voids in building construction; suspended ceilings; roofs; flame retardant treatments for wood and its derivatives; fire doors and shutters; air-conditioning and ventilation systems; controlling fire spread. Contents of Series B (Building products); wood; asbestos; rock fibre; gypsum plasterboard; vermiculite-silicate products; sprayed vermiculite cement; sprayed mineral fibre; glass reinforced cement; fibre-reinforced calcium silicate insulating board; fibre-reinforced Portland cement; steel and mineral fibre reinforced cement panels; fire-resisting glazing.
Fire Protection Association, Aldermary House, Queen Street, London EC4N 1TJ, United Kingdom, 1987. 35 data-sheets. Illus.
Fire protection equipment and systems. Security precautions
Compendium of data-sheets in a ring-binder, usable for fire service training. Contents of Series PE (Fire protection equipment and systems): automatic fire detection and alarm systems; fire points; fire blankets; portable fire extinguishers; first aid fire fighting training; choice of systems; hose reels; hydrant systems; automatic sprinklers (components, design and installation, care and maintenance, safety during sprinkler shut-down); security equipment and system; automatic fire ventilation systems. Check-lists and lists of regulations, standards and codes of practice are given when appropriate. Contents of Series SEC (Security precautions): fences, gates and barriers; external security lighting; closed-circuit TV; doors; windows and rooflights; locks.
Fire Protection Association, Aldermary House, Queen Street, London EC4N 1TJ, United Kingdom, 1987. 21 data-sheets. Illus.
Information sheets on hazardous materials
Compendium of data-sheets in a ring-binder, usable for fire service training. This is Series H, containing ca. 150 data-sheets on substances that are flammable, explosive and/or that release toxic fumes under the influence of heat. Each data-sheet contains information on the uses and hazards of the substance, precautions to be observed during storage and use, fire fighting advice, a list of relevant regulations in the United Kingdom, and a table summarising the physical and chemical characteristics of the substance. The UN number and the Hazchem code are given when available.
Fire Protection Association, Aldermary House, Queen Street, London EC4N 1TJ, United Kingdom, 1987. 148 data-sheets.
Housekeeping and general fire precautions. Nature and behaviour of fire
Compendium of data sheets in a ring-binder, usable for fire service training. Contents of Series GP (Housekeeping and general fire precautions): fire safety and outside contractors; cutting and welding; hot work permits; blowlamps and torches; safe practice in production and storage areas; outdoor storage; smoking; waste incinerators; oil-soaked floors; fire doors and shutters; foundry pattern stores; flame retardant treatment for textiles. Contents of series NB (Nature and behaviour of fire): physics and chemistry; ignition, growth and development of fire; physiological effects; the combustion process; auto-ignition temperature; ignition by sparks from electrical equipment.
Fire Protection Association, Aldermary House, Queen Street, London EC4N 1TJ, United Kingdom, 1987. 19 data-sheets. Illus.
Industrial and process fire safety. Occupancy fire safety
Compendium of data-sheets in a ring-binder, usable for fire service training. Contents of Series FS (Industrial and process fire safety): flammable liquids and gases; explosion suppression; fire safety of hydraulic oil systems; piped services; electro-plating; explosible dusts; electric soldering irons; storage of flammable liquids; non-sparkling tools; cleaning of contaminated electronic equipment; shrink-wrapping; vapour degreasing; crushing and grinding; reciprocating compressors; electro-discharge machining; electrostatic wet paint spraying; heat treatment. Contents of Series OCC (Occupancy fire safety); fire hazards in the cake and biscuit industry; cake and biscuit ovens; combustible lining and adhesives; fire hazards in shops and stores; fire protection in warehouses and storage areas.
Fire Protection Association, Aldermary House, Queen Street, London EC4N 1TJ, United Kingdom, 1987. 31 data-sheets. Illus.
Organization of fire safety. Management of fire risks
Compendium of data-sheets in a ring-binder, usable for fire service training. Contents of series OR (Organisation of fire safety): fire safety structure in the United Kingdom; fire protection law; fire brigades; the Health and Safety Commission; government departments; fire research; test facilities; security organisations; industrial safety organisation. Contents of series MR (Management of fire risks): fire safety and security planning in industry and commerce; fire facts and figures; fire safety patrols; security against fire-raisers (arsonists); fire precautions during work stoppages in factories; procedure in the event of a fire; protecting against the aftermath of fire; first-day induction training; fire safety training; occupational fire brigades and fire teams; fire safety education and training of people at work.
Fire Protection Association, Aldermary House, Queen Street, London EC4N 1TJ, United Kingdom, 1987. 20 data-sheets. Illus.
Al-ma (had ul-(arabiyy li ṣ-ṣiḥḥa wa-s-salâmat il-mihniyya
Safety and health posters
Set of 8 posters to encourage maintenance of electrical equipment, use of hearing protectors, reading of instructions before using or storing chemical products, use of warning signs and flagmen during work on roads and proper lifting and carrying techniques, and to discourage smoking (control passive smoking), careless work and carelessness with fire.
Arab Institute for Occupational Health and Safety, P.O. Box 5770, Damascus, Syria, no date. 8 posters.
Thermal degradation products from an ethylene methacrylic acid copolymer-partial metal salt as the cause of industrial bronchitis
A self-employed physician developed industrial bronchitis due to the inhalation of fumes arising from the heating of a moulded ethylene methacrylic acid copolymer-partial metal salt (Surlyn). Symptoms resolved following removal from exposure. A number of known irritants are given off as degradation products of Surlyn ionomer resin, including acrolein, aldehydes, and methacrylic acid. This case is unusual because of the nature of exposure and an unexpected fall in FEV1 after provocation testing.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Sep. 1987, Vol.29, No.9, p.752-753. Illus. 8 ref.
May D.C, Berard D.L.
Fires and explosions associated with aluminium dust from finishing operations
This report reviews a number of fires and explosions that involved aluminium dust produced by grinding, polishing and buffing. Improper design of dust collection systems, performing maintenance activities while the system is on, and processing dissimilar metals contributed to these losses. The hazards of collection of these dusts through ventilation systems, various standards and general methods used to control these risks are discussed.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Dec. 1987, Vol.17, No.1, p.81-88. 20 ref.
Molten sulphur spillage
An accident involving molten sulfur spillage from a tank truck, subsequent fire, and consequences are described. Discussed are: the incident; emergency response; subsequent events; investigation; hazards of molten sulfur.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Dec. 1987, No.078, p.23-25. 1 ref.
Electrostatic ignition of volatile liquid vapour
A fire ignited when powder was added to a suspension of silica in a volatile silicone. The accident and measures taken to prevent further fires are described.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Dec. 1987, No.078, p.9-10. Illus.
Martin N.A., Popplow J.R.
Scott Emergency Escape Breathing Device evaluation for use by aircraft cabin crew and passengers
This emergency breathing device proved to be effective in providing noncockpit aircraft crew with smoke protection, adequate vision and hypoxia prevention for at least 15min in the event of a fire, smoke or decompression emergencies at altitudes up to 7000m, following a brief exposure to 9753m.
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1987, Vol.58, No.8, p.747-753. Illus. 5 ref.
Karter M.J., LeBlanc P.R., Washburn A.E.
US fire fighter injuries - 1986
96,450 injuries occurred in 1986, a 4.4% decrease, and 8.1 injuries per 1000 incidents, an 8.0% decrease from 1985. The major types of ground operation injuries were strains, sprains (27.7%), wounds, cuts, bleeding and bruises (24.2%). There were also cases of smoke and gas inhalation (14.4%).
Fire Command, Nov. 1987, Vol.54, No.11, p.35-44. Illus. 3 ref.
Guidance note - Safe practice for the storage of gases in transportable cylinders intended for industrial use
This safety guide for the storage of gases in transportable cylinders and intended for industrial use covers: scope and limitations, potential hazards, general principles, location, design and construction, safety, training, emergency procedures. Appendices present examples of enclosures.
British Compressed Gases Association, London House, 68 Upper Richmond Road, London SW15 2RP, United Kingdom, 1987. 14p. Illus. 20 ref. Price: GBP 6.25 (United Kingdom); GBP 7.31 (Europe).
Misner J.E., Plowman S.A., Boileau R.A.
Performance differences between males and females on simulated firefighting tasks
Men and women were compared on 5 tasks used to select firefighters as well as 4 new test items that were designed to reflect recent changes in fire fighting procedures. Sixty-two subjects (37 males, 25 females) 17-31yrs of age were tested twice with 1 week intervening on tests that included measurements of body size and composition and 9 physical performance tests. The tests were reliable, with test scores improving substantially on the 2nd test. Also, fatness had a negative influence on physical tasks in which the body weight was translocated either vertically or horizontally; conversely, fat-free weight had a positive influence on performance in tasks requiring application of force such as lifting, carrying, and striking. Finally, women had lower scores than men on all physical performance tests.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Oct. 1987, Vol.29, No.10, p.801-805. 14 ref.
Acetylene cylinders - hazards and procedures
The construction and operation of acetylene cylinders are discussed with a view to fire prevention and fighting: properties of acetylene; safety devices on cylinders; leaks and their consequences; flashback; cylinders in a fire; procedures for fire fighting.
Fire Prevention, Sep. 1987, No.202, p.31-32.
Fire-fighting foams for flammable liquid fires
Contents: the development of chemical and mechanical foams; the extinguishing mechanisms (cooling, flame inhibition, smothering); foaming agents (proteins, synthetic detergents); foam applications; large spill fires; deep fuel, contained fires; and fires in water-miscible liquids and the foam destroying effect of flammable liquids.
Fire Prevention, Sep. 1987, No.202, p.20-26. Illus. 2 ref.
Special hazards protection - Manufacturers and equipment
This overview covers carbon dioxide, dry and wet chemical, high and low-expansion foam, aqueous film-forming foam, water spray fixed, and Halon extinguishing systems. The systems are briefly described and the properties of the products are given.
Fire Journal, July-Aug. 1987, Vol.81, No.4, p.43-55.
Morris R., Atkinson T.
The science and art of sealing a mine fire
The authors detail the objectives to be considered prior to sealing a fire, followed by the factors and problems associated with fire seals. They conclude with three examples of shaft or adit sealing, and three practical examples of sealing underground fires. The paper describes numerous seals which have been used successfully on mine fires and which are believed to be useful to the mining engineer involved in similar crises.
Mining Science and Technology, Sep. 1987, Vo.5, No.3, p.221-246. Illus. 14 ref.
Case study - Fire at LPG recovery installation of a refinery
The butane fire and explosion at a refinery are described. Covered are: description of the installation; initiation of the incident; escalation; shut-down of the units; fire fighting; causes of the butane release; ignition of the release; installation improvements.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Oct. 1987, No.077, p.27-34. Illus.
Sabotage causes propane release
The propane pipeline explosion and fire in 1981 in Sweden are described. Covered are: description of the damaged pipeline; development of the incident; ignition of the vapour cloud; fire fighting; damage; cause of the release; the vapour cloud; source of ignition.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Oct. 1987, No.077, p.17-25. Illus. 1 ref.
Major LPG fire at a US refinery
The explosion and fire of liquefied petroleum gas at a USA refinery are described. Covered are: the site, circumstances leading to the incident; the incident; damage caused; causes of the incident.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Oct. 1977, No.077, p.11-16. Illus. 1 ref.
The Feyzin disaster
The explosion and fire at the Feyzin (France) refinery in 1966 are re-examined. Covered are: general site layout; main liquefied petroleum gas storage; sampling; operations and instructions; circumstances leading to the fires; fire fighting; explosions; extent of damage; causes of the incident; escalation; lessons learned.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Oct. 1987, No.077, p.1-9. Illus. 4 ref.
An employee's guide to fire safety at work
Guide to fire safety in the workplace, usable during induction training for employees. It covers: what everyone must know (what to do if one discovers a fire or if the fire alarm is sounded, how to tackle a fire if necessary); description and dangers of smoke; understanding fires; how fires start; good housekeeping. A personal fire action information checklist is provided.
Industrial Society Press, Peter Runge House, Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5DG, United Kingdom, 1987. 27p. Illus. Price: GBP 1.75.
Lacosta Berna J.M.
Electrical cables and fire
Los cables eléctricos y el fuego/Los cables eléctricos y el fuego [in Spanish]
General study of the importance of maintenance and inspection of electrical cables in order to prevent fires. Contents: different types of cables and insulating materials (flame retardants and materials that reduce the propagation of fires), Spanish legislation, recommendations on fire fighting where electrical equipment is involved (protection against toxic gases, use of extinguishants).
Mapfre seguridad, 2nd Quarter 1987, Vol.7, No.26, p.3-11. Illus. 10 ref.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Training manual on fire safety in the workplace
Bahan training keselamatan kerja penanggulangan kebakaran [in Indonesian]
This training guide is the result of a joint UNDP/ILO project. Contents: introduction to fire prevention and safety; relevant legislation in Indonesia; the physics and chemistry of fires; types of risks associated with fires; classification of risks; means and techniques of prevention of fire risks; responding to fires when hazardous chemical reactions might occur or in the presence of easily flammable substances; hazard evaluation; checklist for the inspection of firefighting equipment; organisation of firefighting teams; fire research; systems for the detection and fighting of fires. A test with answers is provided.
DEPNAKER, Jakarta, Indonesia, 1987. 141p. Illus.
Sharma T.P., Lal B.B., Singh J.
Metal fire extinguishment
Four sets of experiments were conducted in order to find the most efficient extinguishing agent for use on fires of metal dusts such as aluminium and magnesium. Parameters considered included time before application of agent, ratio of applied agent to metal dust, time to extinguishment, and active versus inert chemical composition of agents. A 30% active, 70% inert mixture of zinc stearate and sand was found to be an effective and economical extinguishment agent for metal dust fires.
Fire Technology, Aug. 1987, Vol.23, No.3, p.205-229. Illus. 33 ref.
Assessing the flammability of aerosols in warehouses
A test has been developed to evaluate the flammability of stored aerosol products. Described are the nature of aerosols, safe aerosol storage, the test, and correlating the test results with large-scale test results.
Fire Prevention, July-Aug. 1987, No.201, p.24-28. Illus.
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