Animal hazards - 245 entries found
Your search criteria are
Barss P., Ennis S.
Injuries caused by pigs in Papua New Guinea
Detailed case studies of 20 injuries (many serious and 1 fatal) caused by domestic and wild pigs in a tropical environment. Both surgical problems and secondary infections are discussed. Safer methods for the hunting of pigs are proposed.
Medical Journal of Australia, 5-19 Dec. 1988, Vol.149, No.1112, p.649-656. Illus. 34 ref.
Dugué P., Lachaussée R., Garcia G.
Occupational asthma due to shrimp. Observation of a mixed respiratory and digestive allergy
Asthme professionnel à la crevette. Une observation avec allergie respiratoire et digestive croisée [in French]
Observation of the condition of a worker in a shrimp cannery who inhaled high concentrations of fine particles of shrimp. Discussion of the mechanisms involved in the immediate response to the inhalation of shrimp. In spite of a change in work station, which will reduce the respiratory symtoms, such workers will always be subject to alimentary anaphylaxia. This situation must be taken into account in evaluating disability. Previously, only soya had been described as a cause of mixed respiratory and digestive allergy.
Revue française d'allergologie, 1988, Vol.28, No.1, p.17-18. 4 ref.
Venables K.M., Upton J.L., Hawkins R., Tee R.D., Longbottom J.L., Newman Taylor A.J.
Smoking, atopy, and laboratory animal allergy
This study examined data from 3 cross sectional surveys of 296 laboratory workers exposed to small mammals. Four indices of laboratory animal allergy were studied: symptoms suggestive of occupational asthma, or of any occupational allergy, skin weals to animal urine extracts, and positive radioallergosorbent tests with urine extracts. Pooled data from the 3 surveys showed an association between smoking and all indices except radioallergosorbent tests; the association was significant for symptoms of occupational asthma. One of the 3 surveys consistently showed a stronger association of allergy indices with smoking than with atopy. Associations with smoking persisted after satisfying by atopic status, suggesting that smoking may be a risk factor for laboratory animal allergy.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 1988, Vol.45, No.10, p.667-671. 18 ref.
Venables K.M., Tee R.D., Hawkins E.R., Gordon D.J., Wale C.J., Farrer N.M., Lam T.H., Baxter P.J., Newman Taylor A.J.
Laboratory animal allergy in a pharmaceutical company
A cross-sectional survey carried out on 138 workers exposed to laboratory animals showed that sixty (44%) had symptoms consistent with laboratory animal allergy (LAA), of whom 15 (11%) had chest symptoms. There was a positive skin prick test to one or more animal urine extracts in 13% and 38% had a positive radioallergosorbent test to urine extract. LAA chest symptoms were almost 5 times more common in atopic than non-atopic subjects. A positive skin test to animal urine was associated with LAA chest symptoms and with atopy. Nose, eye, or skin symptoms without chest symptoms were not associated with atopy. There was an inverse relation between duration of employment at the firm and LAA chest symptoms, suggesting selection of affected people out of employment with animals.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 1988, Vol.45, No.10, p.660-666. Illus. 24 ref.
Tomaszunas S., Wectawik Z., Lewiński M.
Allergic reactions to cuttlefish in deep-sea fishermen
This letter to the editor presents data about allergy to cuttlefish in crews of Polish factory ships operating in the South Atlantic during 1983-87. Among 66 cases listed as bronchial asthma and spastic bronchitis, 8 were accompanied by skin manifestations of allergy, and 5 by conjunctivitis. All cases except 3 were seen by ships' doctors. All 66 cases were crew members who handled cuttlefish. In 1987, the estimated incidence of allergic reactions was about 1% on an annual base. These allergic reactions are important because asthma on a ship without a doctor is difficult to treat.
Lancet, 14 May 1988, Vol.1, No.8594, p.1116-1117. Illus. 1 ref.
Venomous creatures of Australia: A field guide with notes on first aid
A beautifully illustrated field-guide to poisonous animals in Australia, covering poisonous snakes, insects, spiders and ticks, other land creatures (centipedes, scorpions, the platypus), jellyfish and octopuses, stinging fish and other sea creatures. People in a wide variety of occupations (outdoor and indoor) can come into contact with these animals. Detailed first-aid measures are given - in particular, the Pressure/Immobilisation Method of first aid, now recommended after most cases of bites and stings, are described.
Oxford University Press Australia, 253 Normanby Road, South Melbourne, Victoria 3205, Australia, Rev.ed., 1988. 128p. Illus. 12 ref. Index. Price: AUD 9.99.
Dog bite prevention program: Letter carriers/mail service courier's training workbook
This training manual teaches the letter carrier or mail service courier how to deal effectively with aggressive dogs.
Canada Post, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 1987. 22p. Illus.
Dog bite prevention program: Instructor's manual
This manual provides programme instructors with guidance in training current letter carriers, mail service couriers, and new employees in the prevention of dog bites. Practical information on how to prevent dog bites forms the core of the programme. Theory is provided to explain the underlying causes which lead to dog attacks. The Canada Post dog bite prevention programme is also explained.
Canada Post, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 1987. 90p.
Kavil G., Moseng D.
Contact urticaria from mustard in fish-stick production
At a major fish factory in northern Norway, workers employed in fish-stick and fillet production participated in a survey on skin diseases. 122 (80.1%) of the workers in the fish-stick section responded, but only 60.7% of the fillet workers. Clinical examination and patch testing revealed 16 cases of occupational dermatitis among workers in fish-stick production, 3 of whom had contact urticaria from mustard and 8 from fish. There were only 6 cases found of occupational dermatitis among fillet workers; 3 reacted to fish and 3 had irritant contact dermatitis. Working conditions are described for both locations. A greater exposure to irritants may in part explain the 10.7% occupational dermatitis in the fish-stick section compared to only 3.5% in the fillet section.
Contact Dermatitis, Sep. 1987, Vol.17, No.3, p.153-155. 5 ref.
Botham P.A., Davies G.E., Teasdale E.L.
Allergy to laboratory animals: a prospective study of its incidence and of the influence of atopy on its development
The incidence pattern of allergy to laboratory animals (ALA) was studied prospectively in 383 individuals occupationally exposed to rodents and rabbits. Incidence of the disease after 1yr of exposure to animals fell from 37% in 1980 to 20% in 1982, 10% in 1983, and 12% in 1984. A similar reduction was noted after 2 and 3yrs of exposure in the 1982 and 1983 cohorts. Although rats were believed to be the major cause of the disease, objective measurements of IgE antibody against rat urine allergen were positive in only half the symptomatic individuals. Symptoms were generally mild and affected mainly the nose, eyes, and skin. A study of the influence of atopy on the development of ALA showed that after 1yr of exposure a significantly greater proportion of atopic individuals became symptomatic (19-43% compared with 3-6%). After 2 and 3yrs of exposure, however, this discrepancy was not maintained, with more non-atopic individuals developing the disease.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 1987, Vol.44, No.9, p.627-632. 15 ref.
Bongers P., Houthuijs D., Remijn B., Brouwer R., Biersteker K.
Lung function and respiratory symptoms in pig farmers
Pulmonary function tests and a questionnaire for respiratory symptoms were used in a pilot study to investigate the health effects of swine confinement work on the respiratory tract. Data were gathered for 132 owners of fattening, breeding, or closed pig farms. All measured pulmonary function values, except the FVC, were on average lower than the reference values of the European Committee for Coal and Steel. About 28% of the farmers had respiratory or flu-like symptoms after confinement work; 14% reported symptoms 4-8h after work. For the fattening farm the following elements of confinement management were negatively correlated with pulmonary function: fully slatted floor, an automatic feeding system, natural ventilation, and the use of dust masks. A significant association between lung disease in pigs and reduced pulmonary function in pig farmers was observed.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Dec. 1987, Vol.44, No.12, p.819-823. 25 ref.
Attwood P., Brouwer R., Ruigewaard P., Versloot P., De Witt R., Heederik D., Boleij J.S.M.
A study of the relationship between airborne contaminants and environmental factors in Dutch swine confinement buildings
A total of 171 swine confinement buildings were studied to determine the concentrations of airborne total dust and dust with an average diameter ≤8.5µm, total and gram-negative bacteria, bacterial endotoxin and ammonia. The concentrations of these airborne contaminants then were correlated statistically to environmental factors such as feeding practices, number of animals and ventilation parameters. Airborne dust, endotoxin, bacteria and ammonia are commonly at levels where health effects have been observed in other studies. Correlation of these airborne contaminants with environmental factors showed that while ventilation is an important criterion there are farming practices that significantly contribute to the levels of airborne contaminants currently found. Pearson correlations indicate a number of important criteria that the industrial hygienist should measure when faced with problems in agricultural confinement buildings.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1987, Vol.48, No.8, p.745-751. 29 ref.
Domínguez Rojas V., De Juanes Pardo J.R., García Padros M., Rodríguez Artalejo F.
Antitetanic vaccination in a high-risk population
Vacunación antitetánica en población de alto riesgo/Vacunación antitetánica en población de alto riesgo [in Spanish]
An epidemiologic study on the exposure to tetanus and the vaccination coverage of the different professional categories in a bullfighting arena in Madrid, Spain, in 1984. Only 14.9% of these professionals had a complete antitetanic vaccination, while 52.5% of them had suffered occupational injuries. 48% had received antitetanic gamma globulin (predominantly in the most exposed groups). Despite this insufficient protection against tetanus, no case of this infectious disease was recorded.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, July-Sep. 1987, Vol.34, No.136, p.50-56. 12 ref.
Miller C.D., Songer J.R., Sullivan J.F.
A twenty-five year review of laboratory-acquired human infections at the National Animal Disease Center
The Center's experience with personnel exposure or infection with pathogenic agents is summarised. 128 cases of laboratory-associated exposures to infectious disease agents were reported. Of these exposures, 103 resulted from known accidents. The other 25 were identified only after the development of clinical or serological manifestations of infection. Thirty-four cases of laboratory-acquired infections were reviewed. Class 3 organisms - Chalmydia sp., Brucella sp. and Mycobacterium sp. - were responsible for 76% of the infections encountered, with Brucella sp. incriminated most frequently. The most commonly reported cause of exposure was associated with hypodermic syringes. Most infections, however, could not be associated with known routes of exposure, with aerosols being assumed in some of the cases.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Mar. 1987, Vol.48, No.3, p.271-275. 13 ref.
Carbonnelle M., Lavaud F., Bailly R.
Can acarids living on the vine plant provoke respiratory allergies? Seven observations
Les acariens de la vigne sont-ils susceptibles de provoquer une allergie respiratoire? A propos de sept observations [in French]
Review of the biology of acarids that live on the vine plant, and of the chemical products used for their control in the Champagne region of France. 35 cases of seasonal allergy (asthma, rhinitis) are described among vineyard workers, 7 of whom developed "pseudo-pollinoses", but with skin tests and RASTs consistently positive to acarids (3 cases of pure rhinitis, 3 cases of pure asthma, and 1 case of a combination of the two conditions). This is an occupational allergy unknown until now in this economic sector, and an epidemiologic survey is suggested for vineyard workers in Champagne and elsewhere in France.
Revue française d'allergologie, 1986, Vol.26, No.4, p.171-178. 23 ref.
Bousquet J., Guerin B., Michel F.B.
Allergy to domestic and laboratory animals
Allergie aux animaux domestiques et de laboratoire [in French]
Study of allergic reactions to cats, dogs, horses, bovidae and laboratory animals. Such allergies are due to sensitisation to animal proteins. Clinical and immunological manifestations of allergies to laboratory animals among animal handlers, whose allergy is provoked by allergens present in the urine of animals (mostly of males), are described. The problem of crossed allergies is discussed. Preventive measures based on a better understanding of allergens have led to a diminution in the number and seriousness of these allergic reactions.
Revue des maladies respiratoires, 1986, Vol.3, No.1, p.25-29. Illus. 29 ref.
Allergy due to exposure to bryozoa
L'allergie aux bryozoaires [in French]
Information note aimed at occupational physicians. Population exposed to bryozoa (fishermen, divers), and consequently at risk of developing allergic eczema. Two species are known as aetiologic agents: Alcyonidium hirsutum and Alcyonidium gelatinosum. Biology and geographical distribution of Alcyonidium gelatinosum. Clinical and allergological study. Diagnosis. Personal protection. Compensation.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, Dec. 1986, No.28, p.315-316. 13 ref.
Mousseau M.C., Petitot M.
An overall ergonomic approach to work in fish-processing plants
Une approche ergonomique globale du travail dans les magasins de marée [in French]
This 3-year research project involved 900 workers in 80 fish-processing plants. The analysis included work stations, the working environment, equipment and machinery. Noise, lighting levels and temperature were measured. Individual and group questionnaires were used to help in the medical and psychological evaluation of the workers. Bad work-station design, resulting in inappropriate work posture and excessive handling effort, can cause spinal pathologies sufficiently severe to disable workers between the ages of 30 and 40. Holter recordings show evidence of excessive work load and demonstrate the aggravating effects of cold temperatures. Occupational accidents, of high frequency and severity, affect in particular inexperienced workers. Cuts by knives and puncture wounds by body parts of fish are the most common. Concrete suggestions are made to improve various safety and health aspects of this kind of work.
Centre d'information des services médicaux d'entreprises et interentreprises, 31 rue Médéric, 75832 Paris Cedex 17, France, document No.4/1986. 294p. Illus. 109 ref.
Protection against tarantulas
Description of an all-in-one powered respirator that proved to provide the best means of face and neck protection against tarantulas in a company supplying insects to laboratories.
Safety Practitioner, Nov. 1986, Vol.4, No.11, p.45. Illus.
Agrup G., Belin L., Sjöstedt L., Skerfving S.
Allergy to laboratory animals in laboratory technicians and animal keepers
This investigation covered 101 laboratory technicians currently working with experimental animals, 47 technicians who had worked with animals in the past and 23 animal keepers. Between 30% and 40% of the people in all 3 groups had allergic symptoms and signs (rhinitis, bronchial asthma, positive radioallergosorbent and skin tests) related to work with animals. Simple prophylactic measures are suggested to help technicians with animal related symptoms to remain at work.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 1986, Vol.43, No.3, p.192-198. 15 ref.
The management of simians in relation to infectious hazards to staff
This statement by the Medical Research Council describes practices to minimise the risk to staff of infection with pathogens which may be harboured by simians. Contents: development of local codes of practice; use of animals free of rabies virus and B virus; isolation and examination of simians; rabies control; poxviruses; Marburg disease virus. Appendices cover: hazards from certain primate herpes viruses; serological screening; action to be taken in the event of a bite or other incident; cage design, cleaning and use in relation to microbiological hazards.
Medical Research Council, 20 Park Crescent, London W1N 4AL, United Kingdom, 1985. 17p. 20 ref.
Ergonomic conditions in the poultry processing industry
Ergonomiske forhold på fjerkræslagterierne [in Danish]
This training booklet describes the work performed at a poultry processing plant and gives practical advice on how to achieve better ergonomic conditions. Contents: planning of new workplaces, existing workplaces, work tasks, handling of the chickens, control functions, packing and transport, lifting techniques, repetitive work, combination effects from noise and bad lighting conditions, the thermal environment, work postures, slippery floors, shoes, chairs, foot supports and plant safety and health organisation. A checklist for plant safety supervision and a list of relevant Danish laws, directives and safety guides are appended.
Arbejdsmiljøfondet, Vermundsgade 38, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1st ed., 1985. 15p. Illus.
Health and Safety Commission
Zoos - safety, health and welfare standards for employers and persons at work - Approved Code of Practice and Guidance Note
This booklet contains 2 documents. The Approved Code gives practical guidance on the requirements placed by sections 2,3, 4 and 7 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 on employers, employees, self-employed and certain other persons who are engaged in any way in the operation of a zoo within Great Britain. It places particular emphasis on the hazards arising from the keeping of animals. Content: status; legislation; interpretation; premises; barrier gates; drive-through exhibits; enclosure barriers for hazardous animals; access provisions; systems of work; escape of animals from their enclosures; instruction, training, supervision; health and welfare; veterinary procedures. Tables present a classification of dangerous animals, and examples of fence, moat and wall dimensions appropriate to various animals. The Guidance Notes are issued as a supplement to the Approved Code and do not have its evidential status. Content: safety policy statements; the full text of sections 2, 3, 4 and 7 of 1974 Act.
HMSO Publication Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1985. 19p. Price: GBP 3.50.
Penetrating wounds caused by needle-fish in Oceania
Needle-fish (also known as garfish, and living in the coastal regions of the Indo-Pacific region) can inflict serious internal injuries in people because their jaws are elongated into a long, narrow rigid beak capable of penetrating the body, and because of their tendency to leap out of the water. The danger is particularly acute for fishermen who are working at night from small canoes, and who use bright lights for fishing. Injuries from needle-fish are a relatively common occupational hazard of subsistence village life in Oceania, and a number of such injuries (one of them fatal) are described in the article. The wearing of a jacket of a strong fabric is recommended for fishermen at risk.
Medical Journal of Australia, 9/23 Dec. 1985, Vol.143, No.12/13, p.617-622. Illus. 7 ref.
Loriot J., Bousquet J., Achard M.O., Guirauden M., Michel F.B.
Beekeeping and allergic reactions to hymenoptera venom
Apiculture et allergie au venin d'hyménoptères [in French]
Results of an epidemiological investigation of allergic reactions to hymenoptera venom (symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention and compensation).
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1985, Vol.46, No.5, p.348-350. 1 ref.
Loriot J., Jean-Pierre J., Achard M.O., Perrusset F., Guirauden M.
Beekeeping and occupational medicine
Apiculture et médecine du travail [in French]
There are 100,000 beekeepers in France. This article describes their different tasks and it evaluates the work load involved. Risks are enumerated: allergic reactions (including anaphylactic shock) resulting from bee-stings, risks of exposure to mirbane oil (a bee repellent, essentially nitrobenzene), risks due to the handling of heavy loads. Technical and medical preventive methods.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1985, Vol.46, No.4, p.271-273. 2 ref.
Donham K.J., Popendorf W.J.
Ambient levels of selected gases inside swine confinement buildings
The air in confinement structures on 21 randomly selected swine producing farms in Iowa, USA, was evaluated for selected gases. The gases measured (mean concentration) included ammonia (34ppm), hydrogen sulfide (1.4ppm), carbon monoxide (9.1ppm), and carbon dioxide (1640ppm). Ammonia most commonly exceeded the ACGIH TLV. Buildings housing younger animals were more likely to have hazardous gas levels than buildings housing older animals. These data suggest that research is needed to reduce the potential health hazards to the 400,000 workers employed in the swine industry.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Nov. 1985, Vol.46, No.11, p.658-661. 12 ref.
International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS)
Aquatic (marine and freshwater) biotoxins
This document deals with outbreaks of certain human diseases associated with exposure to compounds produced by algae; the main route of exposure is through the food chain. Effects are described in relation to: paralytic shellfish poisons; ciguatera toxins; tetrodotoxin (pufferfish poison); neurotoxic shellfish poisons; diarrhoeic shellfish poison; cyanophyte toxins.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1984. 95p. approx. 250 ref. Price: CHF 10.00.
Disposal of potentially contaminated animal wastes
This data sheet outlines the planning and procedures necessary for the safe handling and disposal of animal wastes encountered in biomedical laboratories, veterinary, clinical, research or teaching institutions and animal quarantine units.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, Rev. 1984. 4p. 12 ref.
Marine product industry and asthma - with emphasis on hoya (sea-squirt) asthma
Hoya asthma is an occupational asthma which develops among those who are engaged in the culture of oysters and pearls. They become sensitised by inhaling the body fluid of hoya which attaches itself to shellfish. The incidence among the workers is approximately 20%, and specific IgE antibody increases markedly only in sensitised patients. Highly purified hoya antigens G (molecular weight 106,000), E (23,000) and D (9,000) were isolated, and hyposensitisation therapy of the patients was attempted. The results were effective for antigen G, markedly effective for antigen E and slightly effective for D. There was a good correlation between therapeutic effects and specific IgG antibody production.
Japanese Journal of Traumatology and Occupational Medicine, Jan. 1984, Vol.32, No.1, p.27-33. Illus. 19 ref.
Donham K.J., Zavala D.C., Merchant J.A.
Respiratory symptoms and lung function among workers in swine confinement buildings: A cross-sectional epidemiological study
A cohort of 24 swine confinement workers was matched for age, sex and smoking history with non-confinement swine producers. Pulmonary function studies and a survey questionnaire for chronic respiratory disease symptoms were performed on both groups. 58% of the confinement group had chronic bronchitis, based on the definition of chronic phlegm production with cough, compared with 21% of the control group. There were no significant differences in baseline pulmonary functions between the 2 groups. These findings indicate an emerging occupational concern for an estimated 500,000 persons working in swine confinement operations and 500,000 additional persons working in poultry, veal, beef or dairy confinement operations in the USA.
Archives of Environmental Health, Mar.-Apr. 1984, Vol.39, No.2, p.96-101. 10 ref.
Rivera J.C., Bayer R.A., Johnson D.K.
The National Institutes of Health animal handlers medical surveillance program
Animal caretakers, technicians and other personnel having contact with animals in the course of work at the US National Institutes of Health are classified according to the group of animals with which they work. A medical surveillance programme includes preplacement physical examinations, preventive immunisation, testing and monitoring of health status. The programme protects workers from diseases acquired from animals and prevents employees in ill health from adversely affecting the health of the animals with which they work.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Feb. 1984, Vol.26, No.2, p.115-117. 6 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Health and safety hazards associated with pig husbandry
This note covers: selection and training of pig handlers; safe handling of pigs; standards for buildings housing pigs and for bulk feed hoppers; manure and waste food handling; machinery, electricity and heaters; health and diseases; dust; legal requirements.
Health and Safety Executive Sales Point, St. Hugh's House, Stanley Precinct, Bootle, Merseyside L20 3QY, United Kingdom, Feb. 1984. 6p. 20 ref. Price: £1.00.
Ministerium für Land -, Forst- und Nahrungsgüterwirtschaft
Occupational safety and health. Work with domestic animals in agriculture [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz - Umgang mit landwirtschaftlichen Zucht- und Nutztieren [in German]
This standard (effective 1. Jan. 1984 sets out general requirements (definitions, general safety requirements, safe work practices), and specific requirements relating to cattle, pigs, horses, sheep, dogs, fur-bearing animals and bees.
Verlag für Standardisierung, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, Feb. 1983. 12p. Bibl.
Davies G.E., Thompson A.V., Niewola Z., Burrows G.E., Teasdale E.L., Bird D.J., Phillips D.A.
Allergy to laboratory animals: a retrospective and a prospective study
The retrospective study reports on 24 research workers with allergy to laboratory animals (13 of whom had asthma). Positive skin tests and high levels of specific IgE antibody to rat urine extract were found in 17 of these individuals. Latent periods before symptoms ranged from 0.5 to 12 years. The prospective study involved 148 persons during their first year of work with animals. Allergic symptoms developed in 15% of them, on the whole much milder than in the retrospective study subjects. Only 2% had asthma. 40% of those with allergic symptoms and 6% of those without had raised IgE antibody levels to rat urine. A tentative conclusion is that when allergy to animals develops, it is in a mild form initially, but if the allergic person is also atopic, a more severe form of allergy may develop later.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 1983, Vol.40, No.4, p.442-449. Illus. 13 ref.
Desmyter J., Johnson K.M., Deckers C., LeDuc J.W., Brasseur F., Van Ypersele de Strihou C.
Laboratory rat associated outbreak of haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome due to Hantaan-like virus in Belgium
3 or 4 people handling laboratory rats suffered acute renal failure. Hantaan-like virus was identified as the cause. Serological studies revealed infected rat strains at different sites on the university campus where the patients worked, and 50% of the exposed staff showed evidence of past infection. Monitoring of laboratory rats for Hantaan-like viruses (originating in East Asia) is recommended.
Lancet, 24-31 Dec. 1983, Vol.2, No.8365/6, p.1445-1448. 19 ref.
Lutsky I.I., Kalbfleisch J.H., Fink J.N.
Occupational allergy to laboratory animals: employer practices
Responses to questionnaires from 155 animal research institutions in the USA were evaluated. Laboratory animal allergy was reported by 108 (70%) of them, with rat and rabbit exposure the main cause. 103 institutions required pre-employment screening, but only 6 included hypersensitivity screening. Subjects with a history of allergy were frequently employed. There is no uniform policy among US animal facilities, and the authors are critical of employers' attitudes to the question of laboratory animal allergies.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, May 1983, Vol.25, No.5, p.372-376. 18 ref.
Clark S., Rylander R., Larsson L.
Airborne bacteria, endotoxin and fungi in dust in poultry and swine confinement buildings
Airborne concentrations of total and gram-negative bacteria in swine and poultry confinement units were as high, or higher, than the levels found in waste water treatment plants and cotton cardrooms. Airborne endotoxin concentrations in the swine units (average 0.12µg/m3) and poultry units (average 0.31µg/m3) were in the range where clinical effects have occurred in other populations.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, July 1983, Vol.44, No.7, p.537-541. 22 ref.
"Projet crustacés": Final report
Projet crustacés. Rapport final [in French]
Report of a study of respiratory problems suffered by workers in crab-processing factories in Canada. The project is reviewed historically and topically; the topical review covers 3 main areas: objective description of the symptoms, identification of the causal agent, and epidemiology of the syndrome. The agent of the syndrome is a volatile component of the crab, but its precise identity remains to be determined. A number of protective measures, however, can be taken to limit exposure to the agent.
Département de santé communautaire, Centre hospitalier Hôtel-Dieu de Gaspé, C.P. 120 Havre de Gaspé, Gaspé, P.Q. G0C 1S0, Canada, May 1983. Illus. Approx. 350p.
Lenhart S.W., Olenchock S.A., Cole E.C.
Viable sampling for airborne bacteria in a poultry processing plant
Air was sampled for viable bacteria in the shackling room of a poultry processing plant. Large numbers of bacteria were isolated from the workers' breathing zone, and gram-negative organisms were characterised. The probable source of airborne gram-negative bacteria and their endotoxins was identified as the birds' faeces. A potential health risk exists for workers due to inhalation of viable bacteria.
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Oct.-Nov. 1982, Vol.10, Nos.4-5, p.613-619. 26 ref.
(Comités techniques nationaux des commerces non alimentaires, des industries et commerces de l'alimentation, du groupe interprofessionnel, Caisse nationale de l'assurance-maladie)
Piqûres d'insectes [in French]
Recommendations adopted 3, 23 and 24 Nov. 1982 concerning workplaces in which the products handled tend to attract biting or stinging insects (wasps, bees, hornets). Topics: keeping insects away; first aid in case of bites or stings; training and information of personnel.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1983, No.112, Note. No.1442-112-83, p.407-408.
Little pigs have it easy - but the dust!
Grisar tar livet lugnt - men de dammar [in Swedish]
Dust is generated in the large batteries in which pigs are raised; the dust comes from feed, from the concrete floors and from the animals' skins when they scratch themselves. Dust formation is often promoted by the dehumidifiers installed to combat the high humidity produced by the animals' perspiration. These dusts can produce allergic reactions in sensitive persons. Also, the acaricidal powder applied 2-3 times per year to prevent mange is toxic. After trying different dust masks, one allergic breeder found that an air-supplied helmet, with filtered air forming a curtain in front of the face, offered the best protection.
Arbetsmiljö, 1982, No.12, p.14-18. Illus.
Lutsky A., Bar-Sela S.
Northern fowl mite (Ornithonyssus sylviarum) in occupational asthma of poultry workers
Results of prick skin tests with 6 poultry antigens in 16 poultry farmers with a history of allergic rhinitis, 13 of whom had bronchial asthma and 27 controls, are reported. The greatest incidence of positive reactions was highly significant in the poultry workers. Environmental controls of workplaces confirmed the presence of mites and mite parts in poultry house dust. The results, together with specific IgE assays and clinical findings, establish O. sylviarum as a cause of allergic respiratory disease in poultry workers.
Lancet, 16 Oct. 1982, Vol.II, No.8303, p.874-875. 3 ref.
Ruppanner R., Brooks D., Morrish D., Spinelli J., Franti C.E., Behymer D.E.
Q fever hazards from sheep and goats used in research
Data are reviewed in an effort to delineate hazards to humans from small ruminants used in research. Prevalence of Q fever antibodies was 24% among 2097 sheep and 57% among 1475 goats from various sources. In a research facility using sheep, in which an epidemic of human Q fever occurred, antibody prevalence in sheep was 77%, with a large proportion of high titres. Antibody prevalence was 11% among 347 persons at 3 research institutes, mainly among students: prevalence among research staff, except for animal caretakers routinely exposed to sheep, approximated the prevalence in the general population.
Archives of Environmental Health, Mar.-Apr. 1982, Vol.37, No.2, p.103-110. 22 ref.
Insects as a cause of inhalant allergies - A bibliography
Reports (searched up to the end of 1981) are listed where insects have been implicated or discussed as a cause of allergic reactions and where exposure to allergens occurs through inhalation of insect-derived materials. Allergies to stinging or biting, silk, silkworms, and mites are not included. A species index is provided.
CSIRO Division of Entomology, P.O. Box 1700, Canberra City, A.C.T. 2601, Australia, 1982. 60p. Gratis.
Hypersensitivity to D. pteronyssinus in librarians
Preosjetljivost knjižničara na D. pteronyssinus [in Serbocroatian]
Case studies of hypersensitivity to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus in 4 librarians with chronic obstructive lung disease. Medical histories, clinical data and the results of the diagnostic in vitro and in vivo tests are presented. The subjects had elevated total IgE and specific IgE antibodies. Three subjects had type I hyper-sensitivity and one subject type III. Type III hypersensitivity (Arthus' reaction) was confirmed by double-diffusion determination (gel chromatography) of serum precipitins to D. pteronyssinus. It is suggested that both in vitro and in vivo allergological tests (RIST, RAST, double immunodiffusion test) be used to detect type III hypersensitivity to D. pteronyssinus for complementing a clinical examination and lung function tests.
Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 1982, Vol.33, No.1, p.27-32. Illus. 11 ref.
Etkind P.H., O'Dell T.M., Canada A.T., Shama S.K., Finn A.M., Tuthill R.
The gypsy moth caterpillar: A significant new occupational and public health problem
The better understand human allergy-like reactions to gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) caterpillar, 17 workers in a laboratory where research with the gypsy moth was being performed, were subjected to a questionnaire survey and to skin tests to determine the extent of allergy-like reactions in these workers. 10 of the 17 reported dermatological and for pulmonary reactions associated with exposure to the caterpillar. Of the subjects with reactions, 7 (70%) had had reactions to allergens in the past. When all the workers were skin tested with various gypsy moth extracts, there was a strong relation between reactions to the skin tests and clinical symptoms.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Sept. 1982, Vol.24, No.9, p.659-662. 26 ref.
Gerats G.E., Steensma H.O., Tazelaar F., Wippler R.
Working environment and hygiene - An investigation in Netherlands pig abattoirs
Arbeidsmilieu en hygiëne - Een onderzoek in Nederlandse varkensslachterijen [in Dutch]
Sections cover: general problems in the meat industry (better conditions of work and workers' welfare, bacterial pollution of meat and working environment); set-up and organisation of the investigation; working conditions and job satisfaction (questions answered by 208 workers) - noise exposure, microclimate, lighting, speed of work, human relations, remuneration; hygiene and habits (sources of bacterial pollution, factors determining hygienic working habits - disinfection and washing facilities, motivation and knowledge, composition of work team, work situations); recommendations for a welfare and hygiene policy (organisational, technical and social measures, worker training).
Produktschap voor Vee en Vlees, Rijswijk, Netherlands, 1982. 51p. Illus. 12 ref.
Olenchock S.A., Lenhart S.W., Mull J.C.
Occupational exposure to airborne endotoxins during poultry processing
The mean respirable dust levels at the entrance and exit of a live chicken shackling line were 1.13±0.12 and 0,72±0.06mg/m3, respectively, or approximately 6% of the total dust, and endotoxins constituted 43.3±2.8µg/g of respirable dust. Airborne endotoxins were present in the total dust at mean levels of 918.4±159.0ng/m3 and 634.0±96.9ng/m3 at the room entrance and exit respectively with respirable levels of 44.3±7.8 and 33.6±2.2ng/m3. Medical studies are recommended to evaluate the potential for respiratory diseases in workers in this environment.
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Feb. 1982, Vol.9, No.2, p.339-349. 24 ref.
Hall C.J., Richmond S.J., Caul E.O., Pearce N.H., Silver I.A.
Laboratory outbreak of Q fever acquired from sheep
91 staff working in a university department in which gravid sheep were used for foetal respiratory studies, were examined after an outbreak of Q fever. Of these, 28 had complement-fixing antibodies to the phase II antigen of Coxiella burnetii in their serum. Symptoms compatible with C. burnetii infection occurred in 14 of these patients. Symtomatic infections were related to the delivery of twin foetuses in one laboratory, and some evidence of infection was apparent in workers in other parts of the building. Subjects with serological evidence of infection were treated with tetracycline for 4 weeks.
Lancet, May 1982, Vol.1, p.1004-1006. 7 ref.
Hog dressing safety and health guide
Step-by-step guide to safety and hygiene in the pig slaughtering and dressing industry. Special concerns: diseased animals, personal hygiene, housekeeping, materials handling, personal protective equipment, knives, saws, electric stunning, CO2 stunning, captive bolt stunning. The book can also be used as a training manual.
Industrial Accident Prevention Association, 2 Bloor Street East, 23rd Floor, Toronto, Ontario M4W 3C2, Canada, 1981. 53p. Illus. 17 ref.
< previous | 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 | next >