Biological hazards - 589 entries found
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Martí Solé M.C., Alonso Espadalé R.M., Constans Aubert A., Guardino Solá X.
Prevention of biological risks in laboratories
Prevención de riesgos biológicos en el laboratorio [in Spanish]
Topics: biological hazards; biosafety cabinets; disinfection of air; disinfection of equipment; disposal of harmful waste; emergency organization; European Communities; experimental animals; first aid; glossary; hazard evaluation; infection control; laboratories; legislation; local exhaust; microorganisms; safe working methods; Spain; ventilation.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 169p. Illus. 52 ref.
Lum D., Mason Z., Meyer-Rochow G., Neveldson G.B., Siriwardena M., Turner P., Firth H.
Needle stick injuries in country general practice
Topics: biological hazards; frequency rates; health care personnel; infection control; infectious hepatitis; New Zealand; questionnaire survey; vaccination.
New Zealand Medical Journal, Apr. 1997, Vol.110, p.122-125. 26 ref.
Zaki A.N., Campbell J.R.
Infectious waste management and laboratory design criteria
Topics: air conditioning; biological hazards; biosafety cabinets; disinfection of equipment; disposal of harmful waste; Egypt; infection control; laboratory work; microorganisms; safety by design; ventilation.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Nov. 1997, Vol.58, No.11, p.800-808. Illus. 17 ref.
Wilkins J.R., Bowman M.E.
Needlestick injuries among female veterinarians: Frequency, syringe contents and side-effects
Topics: biological hazards; chemical hazards; injection injuries; pharmaceutical products; questionnaire survey; toxic effects; USA; veterinary services; women.
Occupational Medicine, Nov. 1997, Vol.47, No.8, p.451-457. Illus. 20 ref.
Health and Safety Executive, Advisory Committee on Genetic Modification
Compendium of guidance from the Health and Safety Commission's Advisory Committee on Genetic Modification
Topics: biological hazards; biosafety cabinets; compendium; disinfection of equipment; genetic engineering; hazard evaluation; health service records; infection control; legislation; medical supervision; microorganisms; plant health organization; safe working methods; safety and health committees; United Kingdom; viruses.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1997. 125p.
Commission Directive 97/65/EC of 26 Nov. 1997 adapting, for the third time, to technical progress Council Directive 90/679/EEC on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work [European Communities]
Directive 97/65/CE de la Commission du 26 nov. 1997 portant 3e adapt. au progrès technique de la direct. 90/679/CEE concernant la protection des travailleurs contre les risques liés à l'exposition à des agents biologiques au travail [Communautés européennes] [in French]
This Directive (entry into force 26 Dec. 1997) should be introduced into national legislation by 30 June 1998. It modifies annex III of Directive 90/679/EEC (CIS 91-29) and concerns the transmissibility of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) agent to humans.
Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 6 Dec. 1997, No.L 335, p.17-18.
Actions to be undertaken by health workers in the event of an accident involving exposure to blood
Conduite à tenir chez un professionnel de la santé en cas d'accident avec exposition au sang [in French]
This article is aimed at health workers potentially exposed to HIV and includes preventive measures and the course of action to follow in the event of accidental exposure to blood. The importance of proper information and first aid, and the effectiveness of prompt chemo-prophylaxy in the event of accidental blood exposure are emphasised. Practical advice is given.
Médecine et travail, Dec. 1997, Vol.174, No.4, p.48-54. Illus.
Nelsing S., et al.
Incidence and risk factors of occupational blood exposure: A nation-wide survey among Danish doctors
In a nation-wide survey of hospital employed doctors in Denmark, the highest risk of occupational blood exposure was found in general surgery, neurosurgery, obstetrics-gynaecology and orthopaedic surgery. Only 35% of the respondents adhered to the basic principles of universal precautions and non-compliance was associated with a considerably increased risk of exposure, especially in non-surgical specialties. An unacceptably high incidence of occupational blood exposures was found among these doctors.
European Journal of Epidemiology, Jan. 1997, Vol.13, No.1, p.1-8. Illus. 23 ref.
Occupational hygiene: Physical, chemical and biological factors
These 21 chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine selected issues in occupational hygiene: overview of occupational hygiene practice (preventive action at the planning stage, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards, programme maintenance); exposure limit values and sampling strategies; air pollutants (lung deposition and clearance); fibres; biomonitoring; heavy metal exposure in and around smelters; sick building syndrome; off-gassing from building materials; radiation; noise and vibration; workplace lighting; electromagnetic fields associated with mobile phones and with power production; radiation sources in industry; chemical and biological health risks; carcinogenic substances; organic solvents; gases; microbiological hazards; plant materials and vegetable dust.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.1, p.389-681. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Brune D., Gerhardsson G., Crockford G.W., D'Auria D., Norbäck D.
International Labour Office (ILO)
The workplace. Volume 1 - Fundamentals of health, safety and welfare. Volume 2 - Major industries and occupations
This two-volume manual reviews key health and safety issues in the working environment. Volume 1 covers the fundamentals of health, safety and welfare: the future of work and coping with change; management and organization of work; human factors and ergonomics; occupational safety; physical, chemical and biological factors of occupational hygiene; personal protection; occupational medicine. Volume 2 examines issues in specific industries and occupations: service sector; visual display units; transport; process industry; manufacturing industry; construction; agriculture, horticulture and forestry; the marine environment.
Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997. 2 vols. xv, 988p. and xii, 860p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 290.00.
Commission Directive 97/59/EC of 7.10.97 adapting to technical progress Council Directive 90/679/EEC on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work (7th individual Directive within the meaning of Article 16 (1) of Directive 89/391/EEC) [European Communities]
Dir... du 7.10.97 portant adaptation au progrès technique de la dir. 90/679/CEE ... concernant la protection des travailleurs contre les risques liés à l'exposition à des agents biologiques au travail (7e dir. part. au sens de l'art. 16(1) de la dir. 89/391/CEE) [Communautés européennes] [in French]
This Directive modifies Annex III of Directive 90/679/EEC (see CIS 91-29), already modified by Directives 93/88/EEC (CIS 94-783) and 95/30/EC. It adds new bacteria, viruses and fungi to the list and classifies them. It also modifies information on biological agents contained in the above-named Directives.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 15 Oct. 1997, Vol.40, No.L 282, p.33-35.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Working safely with research animals: Management of infection risks
Recommendations for the prevention of infections due to contact with laboratory animals. Contents: survey of the hazards (with a table presenting the specific diseases (zoonoses) spread by different species of laboratory animals); control measures - containment and operating procedures; Animal Containment Levels 1-4; decontamination and waste disposal. In appendices: legislation (in the UK) and local rules; information, instruction and training; emergency procedures; genetic modification; containment of invertebrates.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, July 1997. vi, 55p. 17 ref. Price: GBP 7.95.
Alvarez de Davila E., Nilsson M.
Microorganisms in the working environment
Mikroorganismer i arbetsmiljön [in Swedish]
This textbook describes the occurrence and exposure levels of microorganisms and their toxins in different working environments (primarily in industry). It gives a brief description of different symptoms and diseases (respiratory diseases, allergies, reduction in lung functions) caused by microorganisms and in which kind of work these effects might occur. An outline of contemporary sampling and analytical methods is given. Sampling strategy, analytical equipment, sources of error and the advantages and disadvantages of the methods are described. Appropriate preventive measures are recommended for different working environments.
Arbetarskyddsnämnden, Box 3208, 103 64 Stockholm, Sweden, 1997. 64p. Illus. 45 ref.
Microbiological safety cabinets - Description, performance evaluation and use
Les postes de sécurité microbiologique - Description, évaluation des performances, exploitation [in French]
This article describes types I, II and III of microbiological safety cabinets (MSCs) and analyzes their uses and performance criteria, as well as the testing methods applicable to each type. It also offers guidelines for the installation, use and maintenance of the three types of MSCs, emphasizing the need for more thorough and elaborated on-site testing. Standards and regulations applicable to the use of MSCs are included.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 1st Quarter 1997, No.166, Note No.2042-166-97, p.69-89. Illus. 27 ref.
Health and Safety Commission
General COSHH ACOP (control of substances hazardous to health), and carcinogens ACOP (control of carcinogenic substances), and biological agents ACOP (control of biological agents) - Approved codes of practice
This revised guidance incorporates changes to the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) 1994 (CIS 95-19) made by three sets of amending regulations: the Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 1994 (CIS 95-23), the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (Amendment) Regulations 1996, and the Mine (Substances Hazardous to Health) Regulations 1996. Changes include amended definitions, new and amended maximum exposure limits for some substance groups, and further guidance on exposure monitoring techniques. Replaces CIS 95-1456.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1997. vi, 74p. Price: GBP 7.50.
Royal Decree 664 of 12 May 1997 on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work [Spain]
Real Decreto 664/1997, de 12 de mayo, sobre la protección de los trabajadores contra los riesgos relacionados con la exposición a agentes biológicos durante el trabajo [España] [in Spanish]
This Decree enters into force on 24 July 1997. It implements in Spain the provisions of Directive 90/679/EEC (CIS 91-29), as amended by 93/88/EEC (CIS 94-783) and 95/30/EC. It covers: scope, definitions and classification; obligations of employers; diverse provisions (health and veterinary establishments other than diagnostic laboratories; special measures applying to industrial procedures, laboratories and animal-housing locations). In annex: indicative list of occupations where exposure is likely; classification of biological agents (bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi); label to indicate biological hazards; containment recommendations (general, industrial processes, practical recommendations for vaccination).
Boletín Oficial del Estado, 24 May 1997, No.124, p.16100-16111. Illus.
Gandsman E.J., Aaslestad H.G., Ouimet T.C., Rupp W.D.
Sabia virus incident at Yale University
An incident is described in which a research scientist was exposed to a newly isolated arenavirus, Sabia virus, while purifying the virus from a large volume of tissue culture fluid. The researcher was working in a laboratory which met the standard biosafety requirements. The exposure resulted in development of a Sabia virus infection from which the patient recovered. Following a safety review, a number of new practices and procedures were added to the university's biosafety policy.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1997, Vol.58, No.1, p.51-53. 4 ref.
Health protection in waste sorting plants
Gesundheitschutz in Wertstoffsortierungsanlagen [in German]
Topics: air sampling; bacteria; bacterial toxins; biological hazards; fungi; injection injuries; moulds; occupational hygiene; periodic medical examinations; poisoning; recycling of materials; sensitization; separating, sorting; spores; upper respiratory diseases; viruses.
Unfall-Stop - Mitteilungsblatt der Grosshandels- und Lagerei-Berufsgenossenschaft, Sep. 1996, No.5, p.16-20. Illus.
Biological hazards - Managing biological hazards during the maintenance or repair of medical laboratory equipment by external contractors
Risque biologique - Maîtrise du risque biologique lors des travaux de maintenance ou d'entretien d'appareils par des entreprises extérieures dans des laboratoires d'analyses médicales [in French]
In medical laboratories there is a high risk of contamination from infectious agents entering the body by way of the lungs, skin, mucous membranes or blood. Working in unfamiliar premises represents an additional source of risk. This guidance note is aimed at helping medical laboratories prepare a safety and health plan for the repair and maintenance of instruments by external contractors. An example of a check list enabling the preparation of the safety and health plan is included.
Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie (CRAM) des Pays de la Loire, 7 rue du Président Herriot, BP 3405, 44034 Nantes Cedex 1, France, . 8p.
Royal Order of 4 Aug. 1996 concerning the protection of workers against risks connected with the exposure to biological agents at work [Belgium]
Arrêté royal du 4 août 1996 concernant la protection des travailleurs contre les risques liés à l'exposition à des agents biologiques au travail [Belgique] [in French]
Koninklijk besluit betreffende de bescherming van de werknemers tegen de risico's bij blootstelling aan biologische agentia op het werk [in Dutch]
This Royal Order implements in Belgium the provisions of Directive 90/679/EEC (CIS 91-29), as modified by 93/88/EEC (CIS 94-783) and 95/30/EC (CIS 99-730). It contains the various safety and health measures that may be imposed in workplaces where there is potential exposure of workers to biological hazards. Contents: obligations of workers; hazard evaluation; establishment of a list of exposed workers; substitution as a form of prevention; training and information of the personnel; periodical medical examinations; vaccination. In annex: list of biological agents, with their classification codes; indications concerning confinement measures and levels; confinement measures for certain industrial processes; list of enterprises and workers for whom vaccination is necessary.
Moniteur belge - Belgisch Staatsblad, 1 Oct. 1996, No.189, p.25285-25298; 25318-25336.
Dillon H.K., Heinsohn P.A., Miller J.D.
Field guide for the determination of biological contaminants in environmental samples
Topics: aerosols; air sampling; airborne dust; allergens; bacteria; bacterial toxins; biological hazards; description of technique; exposure tests; fungi; instrumentation; monitoring for air contamination; mycotoxins; quality control; sample processing; sampling methods; water.
American Industrial Hygiene Association, 2700 Prosperity Avenue, Suite 250, Faifax, VA 22031, USA, 1996. viii, 174p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.
Doyle J.J., Persley G.J.
Enabling the safe use of biotechnology - Principles and practice
Topics: biological hazards; developing countries; genetic engineering; glossary; hazard evaluation; plant safety and health organization; responsibilities; safety guides; safety officers; supply of information; transport.
Environmentally Sustainable Development Studies and Monographs Series No.10, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, USA, 1996. viii, 74p. Illus. 26 ref.
Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens
Topics: biological hazards; exposure records; housekeeping; immunodeficiency syndrome; infection control; infectious diseases; infectious hepatitis; information of personnel; legislation; medical supervision; personal protective equipment; USA; vaccination; warning notices.
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Publications Office, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington D.C. 20210, USA, 1996. 25p. Illus. 14 ref.
Risk management in the use of biological agents: Biotechnology, genetic engeneering. Brochure 1: Principles - Methods, applications, safety problems
Maîtrise du risque dans l'emploi des agents biologiques: biotechnologies, génie génétique. Brochure 1: Principes - Méthodes, applications, problèmes de sécurité [in French]
Topics: bacteria; biological hazards; biotechnology industry; European Communities; genetic engineering; glossary; hazard evaluation; infection control; ISSA; legislation; microorganisms; viruses.
International Section of the International Social Security Association (ISSA) for the Prevention of Occupational Risks in the Chemical Industry, Kurfürsten Anlage 62, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany, 1996. 121p. Illus. 26 ref.
Bartolucci G.B., Cottica D., Imbriani M.
Proceedings of the 15th National Congress of the Italian Association of Industrial Hygienists
Atti - 15° Congresso Nazionale dell'Associazione Italiana degli Igienisti Industriali [in Italian]
Topics: aerosols; biological hazards; chemical hazards; conference; determination in air; exposure evaluation; exposure tests; Italy; laboratory work; microorganisms; occupational health laboratories; physical hazards; plant safety and health organization; pollution control.
Fondazione S. Maugeri, Clinica del Lavoro e della Riabilitazione, IRCCS, Via P. Azzario, 19, 27100 Pavia, Italy, 1996. 340p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Contained use of genetically modified organisms
This leaflet summarizes the main requirements of the Genetically Modified Organisms (Contained Use) Regulations 1992 (CIS 93-1072) as amended in 1996. Topics: authorization of dangerous work; biological hazards; classification; comment on law; containment; dangerous substances; data sheet; genetic engineering; legislation; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, May 1996. 11p. 1 ref.
Bureau of Workers' Activities
Your body at work
This training manual surveys chemical, physical, biological and psychological hazards in the workplace ad how they affect the human body. In addition, the hazards of non-application of ergonomic principles are also covered. Main topics: routes of entry (inhalation, absorption, ingestion); effects of toxic substances (local, systemic, acute and chronic); role of the health and safety representative. In annex: exercise on various commonplace hazards and how to combat them.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. viii, 27p. Illus. Price: CHF 5.00 (for the collection: CHF 50.00).
Abadia G., Altmeyer N., Fleury L.
Microbiological risks in waste water purification plants - Survey
Risques microbiologiques en stations d'épuration - Résultats d'enquête [in French]
Questionnaire survey (for a previous article on the subject, see CIS 92-1370) aimed at giving a descriptive overview of a population exposed to waste water, in particular with reference to the biological risk (infections, immunoallergical disorders, vaccination) and if possible, to carry out a follow-up by at least two consecutive medical visits of workers in this sector (577 subjects). Tables show the type of reported sick leave, vaccination depending on seniority, levels of exposure and vaccinations. Annex: list of jobs and classification according to suspected exposure levels.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 1996, No.67, p.245-254. 6 ref.
Mikroorganismen [in German]
At this workshop organized by the BIA and the Swedish Arbetslivinstitutet in March 1995 in Germany, 10 papers were presented by experts from 8 countries of the European Union. Subjects covered: sampling and analytical methods for determining the numbers of colony forming units of microorganisms in the air on workplaces; types of microorganisms found on various workplaces such as greenhouses, pig houses, offices and waste sorting; numbers of colony forming units of microorganisms found on these workplaces. Summaries in German, English, French and Spanish.
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (HVBG), Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53754 Sankt Augustin, Germany, 1996. 123p.
Manser A.G.R., Keeling A.A.
Practical handbook of processing and recycling municipal waste
This manual describes techniques for the processing and recycling of municipal waste and identifies health and safety hazards. Contents: nature of waste and potential health hazards (Weil's disease); mechanical handling systems (health and safety in relation to the use of cranes, grabs and conveyors); composting systems (hazards of microorganisms, emission of methane, mechanical hazards of heavy plant); biological aspects of compost production and utilization; materials recovery facilities (design of the working environment, operational procedures and equipment); refuse-derived fuel (RDF) processes; combined RDF/compost/recycling plants; markets for recycled products. In appendices: precautions against Weil's disease; national standards legislation.
CRC Press Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA, 1996. xiv, 557p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 55.00.
Carrillo L., Fleming L.E., Lee D.J.
Bloodborne pathogens risk and precautions among urban fire-rescue workers
In a questionnaire survey of urban paramedics and emergency medical technicians in the state of Florida (US), reported potential exposure to bloodborne pathogens from needles, sharps, cuts and abrasions was common, especially among paramedics. The majority of these workers were aware of the current guidelines on universal precautions, but reported practice was less than optimal. Recommendations include additional training, better access to protective equipment, and improved administrative efforts and regulations to enforce the implementation of universal precautions.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.9, p.920-924. 27 ref.
Order of 13 August 1996 establishing the technical preventive measures (in particular, isolation) to be introduced in industry and research and teaching laboratories where workers are at risk of exposure to biological agents [France]
Arrêté du 13 août 1996 fixant les mesures techniques de prévention, notamment de confinement, à mettre en œuvre dans les industries et les laboratoires de recherche et d'enseignement où les travailleurs sont... exposés à des agents biologiques pathogènes [France] [in French]
This order applies to the protection of workers exposed to biological hazards classified into groups 2,3 and 4 in industry, agriculture and research and teaching laboratories. In annexes: tables outlining the minimum technical and confinement measures to be introduced, depending on the nature of the establishment (laboratory, industrial or agricultural site).
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 1996, No.68, p.361-364; also in: Journal officiel de la République française, 7 Sep. 1996, p.13379-13382.
Occupational safety and health standards system, Part 1
Sistema standartov bezopasnosti truda, čast' 1 [in Russian]
Reissue of 13 State Standards of the former USSR that have been reconfirmed by the authorities of the Russian Federation: GOST 12.0.001-82 (main principles); 12.0.002-82 (terms and definitions); 12.0.003-74 (dangerous and harmful industrial factors - classification); 12.0.004-90 (organization of safety and health training - general rules); 12.0.005-84 (metrological support of occupational safety and health - main principles); 12.1.001-89 (ultrasound - general safety requirements); 12.1.002-84 (power-frequency electrical fields - permissible levels of field strength and workplace monitoring); 12.1.003-83 (noise - general safety requirements); 12.1.004-91 (fire safety - general requirements); 12.1.005-88 (general hygienic requirements for workplace air), which includes the official list of occupational exposure limits (PDKs); 12.1.006-84 (radiofrequency electromagnetic fields - permissible levels in the workplace and monitoring methods); 12.1.007-76 (toxic substances - classification and general safety requirements); 12.1.010-76 (biological safety - general requirements). Tables from GOST 12.0.004-91 that show potentially hazardous materials which can and cannot be stored together are annexed.
IPK Izdatel'stvo Standartov, Kolodeznyj per. 14, 107076 Moskva, Russian Federation, 1996. 269p. + 3 inserts.
This information note is part of the series ABC of Work Related Disorders. The following conditions are surveyed: anthrax, glanders, ankylostomiasis, brucellosis, leptospirosis, tuberculosis, viral hepatitis (B and C), HIV infection, diseases spread from farm animals, non-agricultural diseases (due to contaminated oil, ear infections in divers, legionellosis, infections transmitted to health workers, Lyme disease in forestry workers). Because of their increased risk of infection, workers in certain occupations need specific immunizations.
British Medical Journal, 31 Aug. 1996, Vol.313, p.551-554. Illus.
Magni S., Malacarne M., Vismara R.
Biological risk in sewage treatment plants
Il rischio biologico negli impianti di depurazione [in Italian]
Biological risks for waste-water treatment plant workers are discussed, with particular reference to the Italian situation compared with that existing in some other countries (Sweden, Denmark, USA, Canada, Romania). The relevant provisions of Italian decree D.L. 626/94 (see CIS 96-1531) are also commented on. Two levels of evaluation are emphasized: risk of exposure and risk of infection. It is recommended that epidemiological aspects be also analyzed together with systematic monitoring procedures of the main ways of infection: contact, ingestion and inhalation. Studies concerning hepatitis A and microbial contamination by aerosols are also reviewed.
Biologi Italiani, May 1996, Vol.26, No.5, p.46-52. 27 ref.
International Social Security Association (ISSA)
Bloodborne infections - Occupational risks and prevention
Infections transmissibles par le sang - Risques professionnels et prévention [in French]
Proceedings of a symposium on the occupational risks of bloodborne infections held in Paris, France, 8-9 June 1995. Papers cover: review of bloodborne occupational infections; risk factors of exposure and consequences in terms of prevention; prevention strategies and procedures associated with patient care, the operating room, dentistry and oral surgery, home care, laboratories and other occupations; evaluation of safety devices; waste and waste disposal; influence of workload (occupational stress, work organization, risk management); disinfection; management of occupational exposure to HIV and hepatitis; legislation and compensation; training programmes; vaccinations; epidemiological aspects.
ISSA Health Services Section, Pappelallee 35-37, 22089 Hamburg, Germany, 1996. 505p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Education Service Advisory Committee
Biotechnology: Health and safety in education
This booklet provides guidance on health and safety in biotechnology processes used in education. Contents: controlling risks in biotechnology processes (risk assessment, hierarchy of risk control measures); controlling hazardous substances (health surveillance, training, personal protective equipment); control of biological hazards (categorization of process organisms not involving genetic modification, notification of use, risk assessment and control, use and control of genetically modified microorganisms, microbiological safety cabinets, flexible film isolators; processes involving foodstuffs, scaling-up processes and pilot plant); control of associated chemical hazards; waste disposal.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 26p. 47 ref. Price: GBP 6.95.
The bloodborne pathogens standard: A pragmatic approach
This handbook on the prevention of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens is aimed at all workers with potential exposure, with a particular emphasis on exposure in a health-care environment. It is a practical guide to the implementation of the 1991 US Bloodborne Pathogen Standard (CIS 93-371). Contents: the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and its role in the setting of occupational safety and health standards; hepatitis B (biology of the HBV virus, disease outcomes, transmission, epidemiology, vaccination, post-exposure prophylaxis); HIV and AIDS (biology, the HIV antibody test, transmission, occupational case histories, workers with AIDS); the creation of the Standard; detailed explanation of the Standard (exposure control, methods of compliance, HIV and HBV research laboratories and production facilities, HBV vaccination and post-exposure follow-up, hazard communication, record keeping, effective dates); compliance and legal implications; future trends. In annex: full text of the Standard; various recommendations and guidelines for the prevention of bloodborne infections; management of occupational exposure to HIV, including post-exposure use of zidovudine.
Van Nostrand Reinhold, 115 Fifth Ave., New York NY 10003, USA; Chapman & Hall, 2-6 Boundary Row, London SE1 8HN, United Kingdom, 1996. xiii, 319p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price (in Europe): GBP 34.95.
Martí Solé M.C., Alonso Espadalé R.M., Constans Aubert A.
Bloodborne pathogens: An occupational hazard
Patógenos transmitidos por la sangre: un riesgo laboral [in Spanish]
Topics: biological hazards; community services; data sheet; health care personnel; immunodeficiency syndrome; infection control; infectious diseases; infectious hepatitis; prophylaxis; Spain; vaccination.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1995. 4p. Illus. 14 ref.
Commission Directive 95/30/EC of 30 June 1995 adapting to technical progress Council Directive 90/679/EEC on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work (...) [European Communities]
Directive 95/30/CE de la Commission du 30 juin 1995 portant adaptation au progrès technique de la Directive 90/679/CEE du Conseil concernant la protection des travailleurs contre les risques liés à l'exposition à des agents biologiques au travail (...) [Communautés européennes] [in French]
For Council Directive 90/679/EEC see CIS 91-29. Topics: bacteria; biological hazards; directive; European Communities; microorganisms; viruses.
Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 6 July 1995, No.L 155, p.41-42.
Constans Aubert A.
Exposure to biological agents: Safety and good laboratory practices
Exposición a agentes biológicos: seguridad y buenas prácticas de laboratorio [in Spanish]
Topics: biological hazards; comment on directive; data sheet; hazard evaluation; laboratories; laboratory equipment; laboratory work; safety rules; Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1995. 8p. Illus. 9 ref.
Jost M., Cartier B., Rüegger M., Gutzwiller A.
Prevention of occupational diseases in the laundries of health care institutions
Berufskrankheitenverhütung in Wäschereien des Gesundheitswesens [in German]
Prévention des maladies professionnelles dans les buanderies des établissements sanitaires [in French]
Topics: biological hazards; harmful substances; health hazards; hospitals; infection control; infectious diseases; laundries; manual lifting; medical supervision; protective clothing; safe layout; vaccination; ventilation; welfare facilities.
SUVA, Abteilung Arbeitsmedizin, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, Jan. 1995. 20p. 10 ref.
Cordier S., Mousel M.L., Le Goaster C., Gachelin G., Le Moual N., Mandereau L., Carrat F., Michaud G., Hemon D.
Cancer risk among workers in biomedical research
Topics: biochemical substances; biological hazards; brain cancer; cancer; epidemiologic study; France; laboratory work; lymphoma; microorganisms; mortality; occupation disease relation; osteosarcoma; tumour of the pancreas.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Dec. 1995, Vol.21, No.6, p.450-459. 27 ref.
Aerobiology of the indoor environment
The principles of aerobiology are reviewed. Topics covered include: aerosol science; biologic aspects of bioaerosols; the impact of airborne agents on human health; characteristics of the indoor aerosol and factors controlling patterns of indoor bioaerosol prevalence; and principles of representative monitoring (observational, bulk, and air sampling).
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, Jan.-Mar. 1995, Vol.10, No.1, p.27-40. Illus. 13 ref.
The sources and health effects of biological indoor air contaminants are reviewed. Conditions that promote biological contamination are described (ambient conditions, nutrient and microbial sources), as are the induction of human illness by biological contaminants, the evaluation of indoor environments, the interpretation of evaluation results, and methods of decontamination and prevention.
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, Jan.-Mar. 1995, Vol.10, No.1, p.1-25. 32 ref.
Biological substances used at work from the viewpoint of the fire brigade
Biologische Arbeitsstoffe aus der Sicht der Feuerwehr [in German]
In some laboratories microorganisms such as pathogenic bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi, hazardous cell cultures and radioactively marked substances are used. The local fire brigade needs to be informed of the biological agents used in all laboratories in its district. This information enables the fire brigade to determine the hazard posed in each case with the help of the classification of biological hazards in the European directive 90/679/EEC. All actions and protective measures by the fire brigade in case of a laboratory fire need to be based on the worst hazard that the particular laboratory poses.
Brandschutz, Jan. 1995, Vol.49, No.1, p.49-55. Illus. 9 ref.
CRC handbook of laboratory safety
This manual is a comprehensive reference tool covering safety in different kinds of laboratories. Contents: emergencies; laboratory facilities: design and equipment; laboratory operations (including new OSHA laboratory safety standards); nonchemical laboratories: radiation, lasers, microbiological and biomedical laboratories, recombinant DNA laboratories, handling and care of research animals (including 1994 NRC radiation safety standards, guidelines for X-ray use in hospitals, enforcement of the standard for dealing with blood-borne pathogens, EPA action on the release of radioactive materials into the environment, OSHA actions covering hazardous waste operations and emergency response, new CDC guidelines for research with microbiological hazards); personal protective equipment; laboratory checklist.
CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Boulevard, N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA, 4th ed., 1995. xxiii, 783p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 99.50.
Kumagai S., Matsunaga I.
Effect of variation of exposure to airborne chlorobenzene on internal exposure and concentration of urinary metabolite
This study aimed to develop a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model for chlorobenzene and to investigate the effect of variation in exposure to chlorobenzene on the chlorobenzene concentration in blood and the urinary concentration of 4-chlorocatechol. The comparison of the simulated results with the observed data showed that the pharmacokinetic model can be used to estimate the urinary concentrations of 4-chlorocatechol. To protect workers from the chronic effect of chlorobenzene, it may be sufficient to control the daily average exposure. To protect from the acute effect, however, the short term exposure must be controlled as well. The values of 4-chlorocatechol excreted during the last 4 hours (CC(4-8)) and 2 hours (CC(6-8)) were acceptable for estimating daily average exposure, but that excreted during two hours on the next morning (CC(22-24)) was not.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 1995, Vol.52, No.1, p.65-70. Illus. 25 ref.
Information note DGS/DH/DRT No.81 or 25.9.1995 regarding measures for the prevention of transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus among health care professionals and action to be taken in case of an accident involving exposure to blood or other body fluid
Note d'information DGS/DH/DRT n°81 du 25.9.95 relative aux mesures de prévention de la transmission du virus de l'immunodéficience humaine chez les professionnels de santé et à la conduite à tenir en cas d'accident avec exposition au sang ou à un autre liquide biologique [in French]
Official circular issued by the French authorities. The essential preventive measure is to consider any blood or biological fluid to be potentially infectious, and thus to observe strict hygiene and take special care in manipulating sharp or pointed objects. In case of accident, the measures to be taken are: clean the wound, evaluate the risk of infection, administer prophylactic zidovudine (AZT), submit an official notification of the accident, monitor the serological and clinical state of the victim.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 1995, No.64, p.297-302.
Stricoff R.S., Walters D.B.
Handbook of laboratory health and safety
Contents of this handbook: managing laboratory health and safety risks (management leadership, employee involvement, hazard evaluation, responsibilities); health and safety administration (documentation, training, medical surveillance, chemical hygiene programme); hazard evaluation and identification (chemical exposure evaluation, biosafety, radiation, controlled substances management, ergonomics, waste management); engineering controls (general laboratory design, barrier system design, ventilation); protective equipment and work practice controls (safety showers and eyewash stations, personal protective equipment, respirators, chemical handling, fire and explosion protection); emergency response.
John Wiley and Sons Ltd, Baffins Lane, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 1UD, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1995. xvii, 462p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 65.00.
Jones R.B., Kacergis J.B., MacDonald M.R., McKnight F.T., Turner W.A., Ohman J.L., Paigen B.
The effect of relative humidity on mouse allergen levels in an environmentally controlled mouse room
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Apr. 1995, Vol.56, No.4, p.398-401. Illus. 12 ref. ###
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