Psychology of work organization - 534 entries found
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- Psychology of work organization
Kramer D.M., Bigelow P.L., Carlan N., Wells R.P., Garritano E., Vi P., Plawinski M.
Searching for needles in a haystack: Identifying innovations to prevent MSDs in the construction sector
This study identified innovations that could potentially reduce the risk of MSDs in the construction sector in the Province of Ontario, Canada. The research approach was based on a collaborative model between researchers and workplace representatives, which involved searching for innovations being used by construction companies. The study focused on 20 innovations that represented a variety of trades, tools and organizational processes. It examined the attributes of the innovations, and the barriers to their adoption. The analysis was based on observations of workers, surveys of workers and construction-safety consultants, and company interviews. It was found that innovations were adopted by companies for multiple advantages including productivity, simplicity and cost. The major barriers for adoption were the traditional culture of the construction sector rather than financial.
Applied Ergonomics, July 2010, Vol.41, No.4, p.577-584. Illus. 31 ref.
Smith D.R., Muto T., Sairenchi T., Ishikawa Y., Sayama S., Yoshida A., Townley-Jones M.
Hospital safety climate, psychosocial risk factors and needlestick injuries in Japan
To investigate the interactions between safety climate, psychosocial issues and needlestick and sharps injuries (NSI), a cross-sectional study was undertaken among nurses at a university teaching hospital in Japan (89% response rate). NSI were correlated with various aspects of hospital safety climate including supporting one another at work, the protection of staff against blood-borne diseases being a high management priority, managers doing their part to protect staff from blood-borne diseases, having unsafe work practices corrected by supervisors, having the opportunity to use safety equipment to protect against blood-borne disease exposures, having an uncluttered work area, and having minimal conflict within their department. This study demonstrated the importance of hospital safety climate in Japanese health care practice, particularly its relationship with NSI.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2010, Vol.48, No.1, p.85-95. Illus. 78 ref.
Hospital_safety_climate.pdf [in English]
Choobineh A., Movahed M., Tabatabaie S.H., Kumashiro M.
Perceived demands and musculoskeletal disorders in operating room nurses of Shiraz City hospitals
Excessive demands on operation room nurses may result in high rates of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This study was conducted among Shiraz city hospital nurses to determine the prevalence of MSDs and to examine the relationship between perceived demands and reported MSDs. In this cross-sectional study, 375 operating room nurses participated (response rate: 80%). Data were collected by means of the Nordic Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire and the Job Content Questionnaire. Lower back symptoms were found to be the most prevalent problem, with a past year prevalence of 60.6%. Perceived physical demands were significantly associated with musculoskeletal symptoms (odds ratio ranged from 2.04 to 7.24). Manual material handling (MMH) activities were most frequently associated with reported symptoms. Association was also found between perceived psychological demands and reported symptoms (odds ratio 1.68 or higher). Based on the findings, it is concluded that operating theatres are not only physically, but also psychologically demanding environments. Any interventional program for preventing or reducing MSDs among nurses should focus on reducing physical demands, particularly excessive MMH demands as well as considering psychological aspects of the working environment.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2010, Vol.48, No.1, p.74-84. 47 ref.
Perceived_demands_and_musculoskeletal_disorders.pdf [in English]
Shibaoka M., Takada M., Watanabe M., Kojima R., Kakinuma M., Tanaka K., Kawakami N.
Development and validity of the Japanese version of the organizational justice scale
Organizational justice has recently attracted attention as a predictor of employee mental and physical health. However, the lack of a Japanese translation of the original English-language organizational justice scale (OJS) has precluded its application in Japan. The present study aimed to develop a Japanese version of the measure of organizational justice. A total of 229 employees responded to the Japanese version of the OJS (OJS-J), the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) model and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10). To assess construct validity, job satisfaction was recorded using the visual analog scale (VAS). Exploratory factor analysis supported the four-factor structure model of OJS-J. Correlation coefficients between the OJS-J and ERI, K10 and VAS were statistically significant, indicating a reasonable degree of construct validity. Obtained internal consistency was markedly high and test-retest reliability as analyzed with an intra-class correlation coefficient was 0.91. These results suggest that the OJS-J is a reliable and valid measure that may be suitable for use as a predictor of employee health in Japanese workplaces.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2010, Vol.48, No.1, p.66-73. Illus. 20 ref.
Development_and_validity.pdf [in English]
Song Y.K., Lee K.K., Kim H.R., Koo J.W.
Job demand and cardiovascular disease risk factor in white-collar workers
This study was conducted to determine whether job demand played a role as a risk factor of cardiovascular diseases by comparing changes of blood pressure, heart rate and rate pressure product (RPP) showing myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO@2l) according to levels of job demand. The cross-sectional study divided 177 male white-collar workers without a cardiovascular or metabolic disease according to their job demand and analyzed their body composition and results of graded exercise testing. There was no significant difference in height, body weight, body mass, waist to hip ratio and body fat percentage according to job demand. Maximal oxygen consumption and anaerobic threshold (AT) also did not show a significant difference. However, systolic blood pressures at the seventh and eighth stages over AT during exercise were significantly different and RPP was found to have a significant difference overall according to the job demand. These results mean that job demand affects systolic pressure in physical activities or at exercise intensity over AT and reduces energy efficiency of myocardium during physical activities. The results suggest that high job demand may be a risk factor of cardiovascular diseases.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2010, Vol.48, No.1, p.12-17. 37 ref.
Job_demand_and_cardiovascular_disease.pdf [in English]
Nishitani N., Sakakibara H.
Job stress factors, stress response, and social support in association with insomnia of Japanese male workers
The aim of the present study was to examine the relation of insomnia with job stress factors, stress response and social support. A self-completed questionnaire survey was conducted in 212 male Japanese workers at a synthetic fibre plant. With regard to insomnia, subjects were asked the first five of the eight questions on the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS). Job stress factors, stress response and social support were assessed using the Job Stress Questionnaire. Multiple regression analyses showed that psychological job stress factors of poor appropriateness of work and high qualitative workload were associated with insomnia. The psychological stress response of depression and physical stress responses were also related with insomnia. Depression was also related to appropriateness of work. The present results showed that insomnia was closely related with the psychological job stress factor of appropriateness of work and the psychological response of depression. These mutual relationships between insomnia and poor mental health need be investigated further.
Industrial Health, Mar. 2010, Vol.48, No.2, p.178-184. 32 ref.
Job_stress_factors.pdf [in English]
Rijn R.M., Huisstede B.M.A., Koes B.W.
Associations between work-related factors and specific disorders of the shoulder - A systematic review of the literature
The aim of this study was to provide a quantitative assessment of the exposure-response relationships between work-related physical and psychosocial factors and the occurrence of specific shoulder disorders in occupational populations. A systematic literature review was conducted on the associations between type of work, physical load factors, and psychosocial aspects at work, on the one hand, and the occurrence of tendinitis of the biceps tendon, rotator cuff tears, subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) and suprascapular nerve compression, on the other hand. Associations between work factors and shoulder disorders were expressed as odds ratios or relative risks. Findings are discussed. It is concluded that highly repetitive work, forceful exertion in work, awkward postures and high psychosocial job demand are associated with the occurrence of SIS.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, May 2010, Vol.36, No.3, p.189-201. Illus. 46 ref.
Associations_between.pdf [in English]
Physical and psychological violence at the workplace
Workplace violence is a social phenomenon of a certain magnitude. Overall, approximately one in ten European workers report having experienced some form of workplace violence, either physical or psychological, in the previous 12 months. This report provides pertinent background information and policy pointers for all actors and interested parties engaged in the current European debate on the future of social policy. The contents are based on European Foundation research and reflect its autonomous and tripartite structure.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughlinstown, Dublin 18, Ireland, 2010. 23p. Illus. 22 ref.
Physical_and_psychological_violence.pdf [in English]
Chin P., DeLuca C., Poth C., Chadwick I., Hutchinson N., Munby H.
Enabling youth to advocate for workplace safety
Work-related injury rates for Canadian youth (ages 15-24) are alarmingly high compared to adult workers even though youth are less likely to be performing hazardous jobs. This paper reports on a document analysis of youth workplace safety education initiatives sponsored by national and provincial/territorial governmental and non-governmental agencies. Web-based documents were analyzed through the theoretical lens of self-advocacy. The self-advocacy framework highlights how youth can be agentic in altering high-risk workplaces by publicly articulating their own interests, needs, and rights; thus, self-advocacy is a critical component in studying educational programs for youth safety. The analysis revealed that instruction on workplace safety identifies safety issues to workers and tells youth to work safely but does little to promote self-advocacy in young workers.
Safety Science, June 2010, Vol.48, No.5, p.570-579. 32 ref.
Crawford J. O., George P., Graveling R.A., Cowie H., Dixon K.
Good work - Good health. Research report
Gute Arbeit - Gute Gesundheit. Forschungsbericht [in German]
Good work - Good health. Rapport de recherche [in French]
Buen trabajo - Buena salud. Informe de investigación [in Spanish]
The aim of the "Good Work, Good Health" was to examine mental wellbeing in the telecommunications industry in Europe. This was done through a systematic literature review of workplace factors that impact on mental wellbeing, together with interviews of telecommunications companies to identify good practice occurring. This report presents the findings of this research. It is also available in French, Spanish and German. See also ISN 110741.
Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM), Research Avenue North, Riccarton, Edinburgh, EH14 4AP, United Kingdom, 2010. xii; 97p. 43 ref. (PDF-Document).
Research_report.pdf [in English]
Rapport_de_recherche.pdf [in French]
Informe_de_investigación.pdf [in Spanish]
Research_report.pdf [in German]
Good Work - Good Health - Good Practice Guidelines
Dobrá Práce - Dobré Zdraví - Pruvodce dobrou praxí [in Czech]
Gute Arbeit - Gute Gesundheit - Good Practice Richtlinien [in German]
Καλή Εργασία - Καλή Υγεία - ΟΔΗΓΟΣ ΚΑΛΗΣ ΠΡΑΚΤΙΚΗΣ [in Greek]
Buen Trabajo - Buena Salud - Guía de buenas prácticas [in Spanish]
Bra Arbete - God Hälsa - Riktlinjer För God Praxis [in Swedish]
Good Work - Good Health - Guide des bonnes pratiques [in French]
Buon lavoro - Buona salute - Norme di buona prassi [in Italian]
Dobre Praca - Dobre Zdrowie - Wytyczne Dobrej Praktyki [in Polish]
Bom Trabalho - Boa Saúde - Guia de boas Práticas [in Portuguese]
Good Work - Good Health - Ghid de bune practici [in Romanian]
Hea töo - Hea tervis - Hea tava juhised [in Estonian]
The "Good Work, Good Health" project was aimed at defining good practices on how to improve mental wellbeing of workers. A working group examined the scientific literature on mental health at work as well as policies and practices of a panel of representative European organizations in the telecommunication industry. These good practice guidelines are based on the results of the project. The guidelines are also available in French, Spanish, Czech, German, Estonian, Greek, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian and Swedish. See also 110742.
European Telecommunications Network Operators' Association (ETNO), 54 avenue Louise, 1050 Brussels, Belgium, 2010. 20p. Illus. (PDF-Document).
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in English]
Guide_des_bonnes_pratiques.pdf [in French]
Guía_de_Buenas_Prácticas.pdf [in Spanish]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in German]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Estonian]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Greek]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Italian]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Polish]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Portuguese]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Romanian]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Swedish]
Good_Practice_Guidelines.pdf [in Czech]
European survey of enterprises on new and emerging risks - Summary
Enquête européenne des entreprises sur les risques nouveaux et émergents - Résumé [in French]
Encuesta europea de empresas sobre riesgos nuevos y emergentes - Resumen [in Spanish]
The European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER) asks managers and workers' safety and health representatives about how health and safety risks are managed at their workplace, with a particular focus on the newer psychosocial risks, such as work-related stress, violence and harassment. This summary of the report analyzed under ISN 110712 highlights a selection of the main results from a first analysis of the data, which is drawn from 36,000 interviews carried out in 31 countries. Contents: background; key findings; OSH management; psychosocial risks and their management; drivers and barriers; employee participation; survey methodology.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 16p. Illus.
European_survey.pdf [in English]
Enquête_européenne.pdf [in French]
Encuesta_europea.pdf [in Spanish]
Rial González E., Irastorza X., Cockburn W.
European survey of enterprises on new and emerging risks - Managing safety and health at work
The European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks asks managers and workers' safety and health representatives about how safety and health risks are managed at their workplace, with a particular focus on the psychosocial risks such as work-related stress, violence and harassment. This report highlights a selection of the main results from a first analysis of the data, which is drawn from 36,000 interviews carried out in 31 countries. EU-OSHA's Europe-wide establishment survey aims to assist workplaces to deal more effectively with safety and health and to promote the health and well-being of employees. It provides policy makers with cross-nationally comparable information relevant for the design and implementation of new policies in this field. A summary of the report is published as a separate document and is analyzed under ISN 110713.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 156p. Illus. 57 ref. Price (excluding VAT): EUR 15.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
European_survey.pdf [in English]
Chamoux A., Malaville P.Y.
Occupational cardiovascular diseases
Pathologies cardiovasculaires professionnelles [in French]
With about two million deaths each year, cardiovascular diseases are highest cause of mortality in the European Union, accounting 42% of all deaths. The nine main cardiovascular risk factors (abnormal blood lipids, smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, abdominal obesity, stress, alcohol consumption, insufficient consumption of fruit and vegetables, and insufficient physical activity) allow to predict 90% of the cardiovascular risk. Occupational risk factors include in particular the stress that results from psychological constraints and shift work. This article addresses the risk factors, diagnosis, work capacity, prevention and compensation of occupational cardiovascular diseases. Replaces CIS 99-1173.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, 2nd quarter 2010, No.167, 13p. Illus. 48 ref.
Chouanière D., François M., Guillemy N., Langevin V., Pentecôte A., Ven de Weerdt C., Weibel L., Dornier G., Montagnez A.
Current knowledge concerning occupational stress
Le point des connaissances sur le stress au travail [in French]
Occupational stress is a problem faced by enterprises of all sizes. 22% of European workers claim to be suffering from health problems caused by occupational stress. This information sheet on occupational stress addresses the following topics: precise definition of occupational stress; factors that give rise to occupational stress; physiological mechanisms involved in the onset of stress; health effects; effects on the productivity of enterprises; how to organize work so as to avoid or limit stress; occupational stress research programmes undertaken by the INRS. Replaces CIS 03-1000.
Travail et sécurité, Mar. 2010, No.704, 4p. Insert. Illus. 7 ref.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_view_view/4A7C92097628CD0BC1256DC2002C8CF3/$FILE/ed5021.pdf [in French]
Hintsa T., Hintsanen M., Jokela M., Pulkki-Råback L., Keltikangas-Järvinen L.
Divergent influence of different Type A dimensions on job strain and effort-reward balance
This study examined whether different Type A behaviour dimensions have divergent influence on work stress. The sample comprised 752 participants from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. Data were collected by questionnaires. Type A behaviour was reported in subjects' adolescence and adulthood, and work stress was reported in adulthood. Work stress was measured according to Karasek's job demands-job control model and Siegrist's effort-reward imbalance (ERI). High leadership predicted lower job strain. High hard-driving predicted higher job strain. High leadership predicted lower ERI and higher reward at work. High aggression, hard-driving and eagerness-energy predicted ERI. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 2010, Vol.52, No.1, p.1-7. 52 ref.
Lin Y.H., Chen C.Y., Hong W.H., Lin Y.C.
Perceived job stress and health complaints at a bank call center: Comparison between inbound and outbound services
This study investigated how perceived job stress and health status differ, as well as the relationships to inbound (incoming calls) versus outbound (outgoing calls) calling activities, for call center workers in a bank in Taiwan. The bank employed 289 call center workers aged from 19 to 54 years. Data were obtained on individual factors, health complaints, perceived level of job stress and major job stressors by means of questionnaires. Overall, 33.5% of outbound operators and 27.1% of inbound operators reported frequently or always experiencing high stress at work, however, the differences between inbound and outbound operators were insignificant. "Having to deal with difficult customers" was the most frequent job stressor for all workers. Musculoskeletal discomfort, eye strain, and hoarse or sore throat were the most prevalent complaints. Workers who perceived higher levels of job stress had significantly increased risks of multiple health problems, including eye strain, tinnitus, hoarse or sore throat, chronic cough with phlegm, chest tightness, irritable stomach or peptic ulcers, and musculoskeletal discomfort (with odds ratios ranging from 2.13 to 8.24).
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.349-356. 20 ref.
Lee K.H., Yoon K., Ha M., Park J., Cho S.H., Kang D.
Heart rate variability and urinary catecholamines from job stress in Korean manufacturing workers according to work seniority
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between job stress and indicators of autonomic nervous system activity among manufacturing industry workers. It involved 140 employees from a manufacturer of consumer goods. Job stress was assessed using Karasek's Job Content Questionnaire. Heart rate variability (HRV) was measured using a heart rate monitor, and urinary catecholamines were measured by an HPLC-ECD. Information on demographic characteristics, previous job history, smoking status and alcohol consumption was also collected by means of questionnaires. Job stress did not have a significant effect on HRV or catecholamines. However, low-frequency HRV was significantly higher in the high-strain group of subjects with a short duration of employment. The results also show that HRV can be used as an indicator of job stress in employees with a short duration of employment.
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.331-338. 46 ref.
Tei-Tominaga M., Miki A.
A longitudinal study of factors associated with intentions to leave among newly graduated nurses in eight advanced treatment hospitals in Japan
This study examined the factors associated with intentions to leave among newly graduated nurses (NGNs). Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 567 NGNs in eight advanced treatment hospitals in Japan on two separate occasions approximately 6 months apart. The questionnaire items addressed individual attributes, employment and organizational characteristics and subjective health, and also included the 22-item Job Content Questionnaire, a scale of intentions to leave and a novel 21-item job readiness scale. Data from 301 NGNs who had participated in both questionnaire instances were used and subjected to hierarchical multiple regression analyses. Findings showed that while psychological distress was a more important predictor of intentions to leave during the first survey, cumulative fatigue was a more important predictor during the second survey. Other findings are discussed.
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.305-316. 46 ref.
Kawai K., Yamazaki Y, Nakayama K.
Process evaluation of a web-based stress management program to promote psychological well-being in a sample of white-collar workers in Japan
The article describes the evaluation of a web-based stress management programme designed to improve psychological well-being. A total of 168 employees participated in the intervention. The pre-test was conducted at the time of registration and the post-test upon the completion of the programme. To facilitate analysis, a model was build based on the programme impact theory and a path analysis was conducted. It was found that the majority of participants evaluated the program positively in all sessions. Participant evaluations directly predicted changes in psychological well-being. It is concluded that programmes where participants feel enjoyment and enhance their self-rated capability to cope with stress can be effective.
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.265-274. Illus. 36 ref.
Huang S.L., Li R.H., Tang F.C.
Comparing disparities in the health-promoting lifestyles of Taiwanese workers in various occupations
This study describes the various levels of overall health-promoting lifestyles and behaviours of workers within different occupational categories, and examines the effects of occupational category, perceived workload and BMI level. A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 796 participants by means of self-reporting questionnaire which included the Chinese version of the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP) to measure the overall HPLP and six health-promoting behaviors (nutrition, health responsibility, self-actualization, interpersonal support, exercise and stress management). Multiple regression analysis showed that the various occupational categories sustained significant differences in overall HPLP, nutrition, self-actualization, interpersonal support and stress management (after controlling for certain specific factors). The obese group had less participation in overall health-promoting lifestyles and stress management when compared with the moderate BMI group. Implications of these and other findings are discussed.
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.256-264. 35 ref.
Making the link between health and productivity at the workplace - A global perspective
This article discusses the relationship between health and productivity at the workplace by reviewing the current status of the fields of workplace health promotion and health management. The prevailing chronic disease trends coupled with economic pressures have proven to be significant challenges for employers and employees alike. While an overall progress in workplace health promotion can be observed, the number of companies which take a proactive and integrated approach to workplace health remains small. Workplace health promotion programmes in the United States typically focus on the individual health risks of employees while their European counterparts target physical and, more recently, psychosocial hazards. A number of specific tools and programmes for integrated health management are described, including self-report instruments to measure presenteeism.
Industrial Health, May 2010, Vol.48, No.3, p.251-255. Illus. 23 ref.
Commission fédérale de coordination pour la sécurité au travail (CFST)
The 24 hour society
La société des 24 heures [in French]
This article discusses the issues of occupational safety and health, conditions of work and work inspection in face of the shopping hours in Switzerland, which are tending towards liberalization and extended opening times.
Communications de la CFST, May 2010, No.69, p.15-17. Illus.
Lahera M., Nogareda C.
The INSL method for psychosocial factors assessment
El método del INSL para la identificación y evaluación de factores psicosociales [in Spanish]
This information note describes a method developed by the INSL (Institute of occupational health of Navarra) aimed at identifying situations involving psychological risk factors. It presents the theories on which the method is based, its characteristics as well as the way it should be applied.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 8 ref.
Bestratén Belloví M., Real Arias P.
New enterprise culture and working conditions (II): factors for a successful change
Nueva cultura de empresa y condiciones de trabajo (II): factores de éxito del cambio [in Spanish]
This information note describes the key factors for a successful change of organisational occupational safety and health culture and their interrelations.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 8p. Illus. 6 ref.
Nueva_cultura_de_empresa_y_condiciones_de_trabajo.pdf [in Spanish]
Sebastián Cárdenas M.L., Fidalgo Vega M.
Triangular harassment analysis system: A method for studying occupational psychological harassment
Sistema de Análisis Triangular del Acoso (SATA): un método de análisis del acoso psicológico en el trabajo [in Spanish]
This information note describes the triangular harassment analysis system (SATA, Sistema de Análisis Triangular del Acoso), an instrument which can be used to evaluate bullying at the workplace. It analyses harassment situations at three levels (organisational, relationship and individual) based on several criteria, using a 90-items check-list. This instrument may also be implemented as a preventive measure.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 7p. Illus. 12 ref.
Sistema_de_análisis_triangular_del_acoso.pdf [in Spanish]
Technological and organizational change management and social representations - Impact on OHS
Gestion des changements technologiques et organisationnels et représentations sociales - Impact sur la SST [in French]
This study examines the effects of technological and organizational changes on occupational safety and heath in public and private services establishments. The types of management methods and the importance of their impact were defined and measured according to a set of contextual factors. The report studied the impact of organizational changes related to the relocation of three establishments and formulates various recommendations relating to occupational safety and health.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2010. iv, 117p. Illus. Approx. 180 ref. Price: CAD 14.70. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-641.pdf [in French]
Work-related well-being of Finnish anesthesiologists
In this study of the work-related well-being of Finnish anaesthesiologists, data were obtained by means of a postal questionnaire addressed to all 550 working Finnish anaesthesiologists in 2004; the response rate was 60%. Issues examined included well-being, workload, stress, organizational problems, state of health, burnout, suicidal tendencies and sickness absenteeism. Findings are discussed.
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, FIOH-Bookstore, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 2010. 119p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 20.00.
https://oa.doria.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/59465/workrela.pdf?sequence=1 [in English]
Constable S., Coats D., Bevan S., Mahdon M.
Health and Safety Executive
Just "having a job" regardless of its quality is not sufficient. The objective must be to ensure that for as many people as possible, work is a source of well-being, personal growth, fulfillment, autonomy and meaning, in other words, that the jobs available in today's labour market should offer "good work". A significant weight of evidence supports the argument that job quality, employee health, and an employee's ability to perform productively at work, are closely linked. This report examines what constitutes a "good job", based on a literature survey, focus groups and interviews with stakeholders.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009, 47p. Illus.
Good_jobs_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Gore J., Beswick J., Rogers K.
Health and Safety Executive
A literature review of effective management of the risk of violence in licensed and retail premises arising from crime and disorder
This report details a comprehensive literature review covering the management and prevention of work-related violence in retail and licensed premises. This review enabled developing the Good practice toolkit on preventing violence in retail and licensed premises. Crime and disorder, together with the risk of violence to staff and customers, were seen as significant issues in licensed and retail premises. Drawing information from this review, psychologists from the Health and Safety Laboratory developed the toolkit in consultation with other stakeholders.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009, vi, 179p. Illus. Approx. 170 ref.
A_literature_review_of_effective_management_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Broughton A., Tyers C., Denvir A., Wilson S., O'Regan S.
Health and Safety Executive
Managing stress and sickness absence - Progress for the sector implementation plan - Phase 2
This report reflects research that evaluates the second phase of HSE'S Management Standards for work-related stress, Sector Implementation Plan Phase 2 (or SIP2) initiative, which aimed to help organizations manage stress and absence. It explores the effectiveness of the intervention in influencing procedures for managing work-related stress and sickness absence in organizations in the HSE's target sectors. It also examines organizations' existing policies and procedures in sickness absence management and stress management practices and assesses progress that organizations have made in implementing the Management Standards. Finally, it analyses the extent to which any changes made to the management of stress and sickness absence in the organization worked, the barriers encountered and the solutions to these problems. The research is based on a telephone survey of 500 HR and occupational health professionals, together with in-depth case studies from nine organizations. See also ISN 112328.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009, xii, 158p. Illus.
Managing_stress_and_sickness_absence_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Tyers C., Broughton A., Denvir A., Wilson S., O'Regan S.
Health and Safety Executive
Organisational responses to the HSE management standards for work-related stress - Progress for the sector implementation plan - Phase1
Working to reduce the causes of work-related stress is a key area for the HSE, due to the high proportion of sickness absence which is attributable to stress-related conditions. As part of its programme of work in this area, HSE has developed tools and frameworks to assist employers in conceptualizing and directly tackling work-related stress. This research was designed to evaluate a particular aspect of this work, the Management Standards for work-related stress, Sector Implementation Plan Phase 1 (or SIP1). SIP1 ran from May 2005 to March 2007 and was designed to implement the HSE's Management Standards for work-related stress in 100 volunteer organizations in the public and finance sectors. It involved offering support to organizations who, in turn, signed up to fully implement the HSE Management Standards approach. This report provides an overview of the progress of SIP1 and draws together a range of qualitative data, including the experiences of organizations participating in SIP1. See also ISN 112329.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009, xiv, 149p. Illus. 6 ref.
Organisational_responses to_the_HSE_management_standards_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Occupational stress and hazard evaluation
Estrés laboral y evaluación de riesgos [in Spanish]
Main topics covered in this practical data sheet on occupational stress and hazard evaluation: definition of occupational stress; symptoms; responsibilities of employers; hazard evaluation; hazard classification; preventive actions to be taken; implementation of the measures; control of the effectiveness of the measures taken.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Oct. 2009, No.54, p.54-57. Illus. 1 ref.
Estrés_laboral.pdf [in Spanish]
Kieselbach K., Armgarth E., Bagnara S., Elo A-L., Jefferys S., Joling C., Kuhn K., Nielsen K., Popma J., Rogovsky N., Sahler B., Thomson G., Emmanuel Triomphe C.E., Widerszal-Bazyl M.
European Commission, DG Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities
Health in restructuring: Innovative approaches and policy recommendations
La santé dans les restructurations: approches innovantes et recommandations de principe [in French]
Supported by the European Commission, the European Expert Group on Health in Restructuring (HIRES) prepared this report on of the effects of enterprise restructuring and the social frameworks and change procedures that should be considered for "healthier restructuring". The results of this project are based on the interdisciplinary expertise acquired from 15 European projects and from 12 external experts. It is aimed at policy makers, governmental structures such as labour inspectorates, unions, managers, occupational health and safety personnel, shareholders and workers alike.
Institut für Psychologie der Arbeit, Arbeitslosigkeit und Gesundheit,
Universität Bremen, Fachbereich 11, Grazer Strasse. 2a, 28359 Bremen, Germany, 2009. 227p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Health_in_restructuring.pdf [in English]
La_santé_dans_les_restructurations.pdf [in French]
Morin E.M., Gagné C., Cherré B.
Making work meaningful - Promoting psychological well-being
Donner un sens au travail - Promouvoir le bien-être psychologique [in French]
Aimed at managers and persons concerned with occupational heath, this booklet is based on a study on meaningful work, carried out by means of questionnaires addressed to employees of four organizations in order to demonstrate that characteristics such as the usefulness of the work, the moral rectitude of the work, learning and development opportunities, autonomy, recognition and the quality of human relations were tied to the meaning that people give to their work. It was also observed that work that is seen as being useful to society and that makes it possible to learn are factors that influence employees' perceptions. Based on the findings, a theoretical model was developed that presents work organization as a determining factor of employees' health, attitudes and performance.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2009. 16p. Illus. 22 ref. Price: CAD 5.25. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
Report_R-624.pdf [in English]
Rapport_R-624.pdf [in French]
Hansez I., Bertrand F., Barbier M.
Evaluation of stress diagnosis practices in Belgian companies: Blocking and stimulating factors
Evaluation des pratiques de diagnostic de stress au sein d'entreprises belges: facteurs bloquants et facteurs stimulants [in French]
The objectives of the study were to evaluate occupational stress diagnosis practices in Belgian companies, and to identify factors that stimulate or block the implementation of stress management interventions at the workplace. A survey was used to collect data about work stress diagnosis practices. The first objective was explored through open questions about stress diagnosis and intervention. The second objective was achieved using a specific questionnaire designed on the basis of scientific literature. The sample included 180 Belgian companies from different sectors of activity, ranging in size from 20 to more than 10,000 workers. Only one out of six companies had implemented a stress diagnosis. Among those who had done so, only one out of two had implemented actions, and only one out of four had moved onto an evaluation stage. Other findings are discussed.
Travail humain, Apr. 2009, Vol.72, No.2, p.127-153. 38 ref.
Nielsen K., Albertsen K., Brenner S.O., Smith-Hansen L.
Comparing working conditions and physical and psychological health complaints in four occupational groups working in female-dominated workplaces
This article examines the associations between psychosocial factors and physical and psychological health complaints while at the same time taking into account differences between occupational groups in female-dominated professions. Four female-dominated occupational groups were included: nurses, health care assistants, cleaners and dairy industry workers. The relationships between influence, emotional and quantitative demands, social support, back pain, and behavioural stress were examined using structural equation modelling. The study confirmed the importance of differentiating between female-dominated occupations rather than talking about women's working conditions as such. The study also emphasized the importance of considering psychosocial risk factors when examining physical health, in this case back pain.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nov. 2009, Vol.92, No.10, p.1229-1239. Illus. 51 ref.
OSH in figures: Stress at work - Facts and figures
According to the fourth European Survey of Working Conditions, carried out in 2005 in all Member States of the European Union, stress was experienced by an average 22% of working Europeans. In 2002, the annual economic cost of work-related stress in 15 EU countries was estimated at EUR 20 billion. Contents of this report on stress at work in Europe: introduction; prevalence of stress at work; stress by age; stress by gender; stress by sector and occupation; stress by employment status; expert survey on emerging psychosocial risks; cost of stress-related health problems; legislation.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2009. 132p. Illus. 76 ref.
Merecz D., Drabek M., Mościcka A.
Aggression at the workplace - Psychological consequences of abusive encounter with coworkers and clients
The aim of the study was to evaluate the consequences of workplace aggression from coworkers and the public among nurses and public service workers in a Polish locality. Data on violent incidents, burnout, physical health, mental health and work satisfaction were obtained by means of questionnaires and subjected to multiple regression models. It was found that employees experiencing workplace aggression were less satisfied with work, showed symptoms of burnout and their general health was poorer. The effect of aggression by coworkers was stronger than that by the public. Aggression from the public usually resulted in compassion of peers, and it was perceived as the organizational problem that should be solved, while dealing with an aggressive co-worker was usually perceived as the employee's own problem, resulting in isolation and a sense of unfairness.
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 3rd quarter 2009, Vol.22, No.3, p.243-260. 25 ref.
Manufacturing work and organizational stresses in export processing zones
This survey investigated the interaction between organizational and management factors among workers and supervisors in manufacturing units in export processing zones in the Philippines. The survey involved 23 establishments, 630 workers, and 47 supervisors. Both workers and supervisors reported health problems and job dissatisfaction. The most prevalent issues among workers were the need to upgrade skills, being pressured at work, fast paced work, repetitive work, and that work is both physically and mentally tiring. Supervisors described their work as challenging and stimulating, needing regular upgrading of skills and needing literacy in information technology.
Industrial Health, Sep. 2009, Vol.47, No.5, p.543-550. 31 ref.
http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_47_5_543.pdf [in English]
Tei-Tominaga M., Akiyama T., Miyake Y., Sakai Y.
The relationship between temperament, job stress and overcommitment: A cross-sectional study using the TEMPS-A and a scale of ERI
This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between temperament, job stress, and overcommitment. Self-administered questionnaires were obtained from 730 employees of a Japanese IT services company. Data were subjected to a hierarchical regression analysis. Findings showed that depressive and anxious temperaments attenuated the influence of working hours on stress, and influenced the effects of effort and rewards independently.
Industrial Health, Sep. 2009, Vol.47, No.5, p.509-517. 34 ref.
http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_47_5_509.pdf [in English]
Occupational well-being of construction site foremen. Findings of a survey in France's Languedoc-Roussillon region
Le bien-être au travail chez les conducteurs de travaux. Résultats d'une action menée en Languedoc-Roussillon [in French]
Although the taking into account of psychosocial hazards is a difficult issue, it does appear an attractive option for the case of middle management personnel: such an exercise enables anticipating the compounding effect of prevention measures, especially for risks conventionally confronted by operators whose work is organized by these middle managers. This article describes an approach set up for building and civil engineering general foremen, stemming from the so-called wellbeing approach developed at INRS. An action was developed based on a health/well-being questionnaire designed for integration into healthcare service routine activity. This effectively provided data on group health and organizational aspects. These data were subsequently exploited within a group discussion framework, in this case involving health services representatives and prevention professionals of the sector at the regional level.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 2009, No.216, p.41-51. Illus. 13 ref.
http://www.hst.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/ND%202315/$File/ND2315.pdf [in French]
Mental health - Towards a redefinition of the recognition/belonging pair
Santé mentale - Vers une redéfinition du duo reconnaissance/appartenance [in French]
The need for recognition is by far not only a spoilt child's whim. It is an inseparable complement of the sense of belonging and therefore essential to the cohesion of all human groups. The unstoppable growth of organization size and the longing for mobility among young workers nonetheless require us to consider new forms of expression of this inseparable mobilizing pair of factors.
Travail et santé, Sep. 2009, Vol.25, No.3, p.14-17. Illus. 1 ref.
Economic crisis and health
Gesund durch die Wirtschaftkrise [in German]
Superare la crisi economica senza rimetterci in salute [in Italian]
Crise économique et santé [in French]
This article addresses the issue of the physical and mental health of workers of struggling enterprises as well as of unemployed workers. Economic crisis generates stress and fear for the future among employees and increases the risk of accidents among unemployed.
Benefit, Dec. 2009, No.4, p.4-8. Illus.
https://wwwsapp1.suva.ch/sap/public/bc/its/mimes/zwaswo/99/pdf/benefit_09_4_f.pdf [in French]
https://wwwsapp1.suva.ch/sap/public/bc/its/mimes/zwaswo/99/pdf/benefit_09_4_d.pdf [in German]
https://wwwsapp1.suva.ch/sap/public/bc/its/mimes/zwaswo/99/pdf/benefit_09_4_i.pdf [in Italian]
Vandenberghe C., Stordeur S., D'Hoore W.
An examination of the effects of job decision latitude, emotional exhaustion, and job satisfaction on absenteeism in nursing units
Une analyse des effets de la latitude de décision, de l'épuisement émotionnel et de la satisfaction au travail sur l'absentéisme au sein des unités de soins infirmiers [in French]
This study examined the role of work satisfaction, emotional exhaustion and job decision latitude as predictive variables of absenteeism among nursing staff at a Belgian university hospital. Usable data were collected from 625 nurses from 51 care units. Data were subjected to logistic regression analyses. In univariate models, absenteeism was found to be significantly related to emotional exhaustion, job satisfaction and job decision latitude. In multivariate logistic regression models however, emotional exhaustion was no longer related to absenteeism, contrary to job decision latitude and job satisfaction. These relationships were examined in greater detail by means of causal pathway analyses. The best fit was found for the model in which job decision latitude and job satisfaction were the determinants of absenteeism. The implications of these findings are discussed.
Travail humain, July 2009, Vol.72, No.3, p.209-228. Illus. 73 ref.
Dejours C., Bègue F.
Suicide at work: What can be done?
Suicide au travail: que faire? [in French]
This manual consists of a compilation of the main clinical and theoretical data on suicide at the place of work. Using the example of an intervention carried out in an aerospace enterprise after multiple suicides on a single site, it proposes a series of principles on which a preventive actions programme can be built.
Presses Universitaires de France, 6, avenue Reille, 75685 Paris Cedex 14, France, 2009. 130p. 13 ref. Price: EUR 12.00.
Ortega A., Høgh A., Pejtersen J.H., Olsen O.
Prevalence of workplace bullying and risk groups: A representative population study
The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of bullying and to identify risk groups in a representative population sample of 3,429 Danish employees between 20 and 59-years (response rate 60.4%). The study showed that 8.3% of the respondents had been bullied within the past year, 1.6% of the sample reported daily to weekly bullying. Co-workers (71.5%) and managers/supervisors (32.4%) were most often reported as perpetrators of bullying, but bullying from subordinates (6%) was also reported. Other findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Feb. 2009, Vol.82, No.3, p.417-426. Illus. 38 ref.
Park S.G., Min K.B., Chang S.J., Kim H.C., Min J.Y.
Job stress and depressive symptoms among Korean employees: The effects of culture on work
This study was conducted to investigate the association between depressive symptoms and job stress among Korean employees in small and medium-sized enterprises, and examined which components of stress are involved in the risk for depression. Data were collected from a work-stress survey of 3013 full-time employees in a Korean metropolitan area. An increased risk of depressive symptoms was found for job insecurity, occupational climate, job demands, inadequate social support, lack of rewards and organizational injustice.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Feb. 2009, Vol.82, No.3, p.397-405. 43 ref.
Vanroelen C., Levecque K., Louckx F.
Psychosocial working conditions and self-reported health in a representative sample of wage-earners: A test of the different hypotheses of the demand-control-support model
This article presents an in-depth examination of Karasek's demand-control-support-model, using data from the questionnaire survey of a representative sample of 11,099 workers in Belgium. The outcome measures were self-reported persistent fatigue, musculoskeletal complaints and emotional well-being. Quantitative job demands and supervisor support had the strongest effects. Other findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Feb. 2009, Vol.82, No.3, p.329-342. 68 ref.
Gimeno D., Amick B.C., Barrientos-Gutiérrez T., Mangione T.W.
Work organization and drinking: An epidemiological comparison of two psychosocial work exposure models
To examine the relationship between psychosocial work exposure and drinking behaviours, a questionnaire survey was conducted among 3,099 workers in the United States. Factors assessed included job stress and alienating job conditions. Data were subjected to statistical evaluation. High strain work showed no associations, while workers in passive jobs had an increased likelihood of heavy drinking (odds ratio (OR) 1.29) and a lower likelihood of frequent drinking (OR 0.71). Jobs with low complexity and low constraint related to more frequent drinking (OR 1.60). No associations with drinking at work were observed. Implications of these findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Feb. 2009, Vol.82, No.3, p.305-317. 75 ref.
van Daalen G., Willemsen T.M., Sanders K., van Veldhoven M.J.P.M.
Emotional exhaustion and mental health problems among employees doing "people work": The impact of job demands, job resources and family-to-work conflict
This study investigated the relationship between various job characteristics and family-to-work conflict, and emotional exhaustion and mental health problems. Multiple regression analyses were performed using data from 1,008 employees of ten Dutch mental care institutions. It was found that different job characteristics as well as family-to-work conflict were associated with emotional exhaustion and mental health problems in each job type. The relationship between family-to-work conflict and emotional exhaustion was furthermore mitigated by social support from colleagues for those who worked in low patient interaction jobs. Other findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Feb. 2009, Vol.82, No.3, p.291-303. 65 ref.
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