Violence and terrorism - 395 entries found
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An analysis of occupational homicides involving workers 19 years old or younger
The purpose of the study was to determine if young adult workers in the United States have an increased risk of being the victim of an occupational homicide. Proportionate mortality ratios were used to identify the industries in which workers aged 19 and under were experiencing significantly higher proportion of fatalities due to violence. Relative risks were calculated to determine if, based on the number of person-years of exposure, workers aged 19 and under had a significantly greater relative risk for being a victim of an occupational homicide. Results indicate that workers of this age group employed in retail trade are at higher risk than their counterparts in other industries.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 1999, Vol.41, No.12, p.1140-1145. Illus. 14 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Charity and voluntary workers - A guide to health and safety at work
Topics: computer terminals; electricity; information of personnel; legislation; manual handling; musculoskeletal diseases; neuropsychic stress; notification of accidents and diseases; responsibilities of employers; risk factors; safety and health organization; training manuals; training material; United Kingdom; violence; voluntary workers; workplace design.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1999. iv, 70p. Illus. 42 ref. Price: GBP 12.00.
Kalimo R., Lim V.K.G., Hian T.T.S., Chappell D., Di Martino V., Obhasi B., Rhee K.Y., Estrella-Gust D.P., Shimomitsu T., Tomaszunas S.
Psychological stress in work life
Topics: conditions of work; health care personnel; hours of work; human behaviour; Japan; job dissatisfaction; Korea Rep. of; mental stress; migrant workers; neuropsychic stress; overstrain; Philippines; Singapore; social aspects; stress factors; Thailand; violence; voluntary workers.
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Apr. 1999, Vol.6, No.1, p.1-23 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
Miller-Burke J., Attridge M., Fass P.M.
Impact of traumatic events and organizational response: A study of bank robberies
A retrospective self-report methodology and mailed survey were used with 141 employees of 42 different bank branches that had recently been robbed. Most employees had multiple negative consequences from experiencing a bank robbery while at work. Psychological, physical, work and personal areas were all affected. Furthermore, more threatening incidents were associated with more severe consequences. Critical incident stress debriefing interventions delivered after robbery were rated as helpful by 78% of employees who attended. The implications for health care providers and organizations are discussed. Topics: banking and insurance; human relations; neuropsychic stress; psychological and psychiatric services; psychological effects; risk factors; sleep disturbances; state of health; theft; traumatic neurosis; violence; work efficiency.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1999, Vol.41, No.2, p.73-83. 28 ref.
Preventing workplace violence
Topics: hazard evaluation; human factors; human relations; information of personnel; neuropsychic stress; psychological effects; risk factors; safety programmes; violence.
Accident Prevention, Mar.-Apr. 1999, Vol.46, No.2, p.14-15. Illus.
Safety in the voluntary sector: Problems and solutions
Charities and their activities represent a significant sector of the modern day workforce. Charity work is often seen as something different, something people do in their leisure time, and something that is informally organized. In reality the voluntary sector employs one in 25 of the general workforce, representing 0.6 per cent of the GNP. The health and safety concerns of the United Kingdom's estimated 2.3 million volunteers are investigated. Topics: legislation; responsibilities; safety and health organization; safety and health training; safety consciousness; stress factors; subcontractors; United Kingdom; violence; voluntary workers.
Safety and Health Practitioner, June 1999, Vol.17, No.6, p.24-26. Illus.
Windau J., Sygnatur E., Toscano G.
Profile of work injuries incurred by young workers
Hazardous environments put youths at risk of serious injuries. Young workers have been killed on construction sites, during robberies while tending retail establishments, and while working on farms. Common nonfatal injuries include sprains and strains, burns, cuts, and bruises. Topics: accident absenteeism; causes of accidents; falls of persons; fatalities; harmful substances; injuries; occupational accidents; statistics; types of accident; USA; violence; young persons.
Monthly Labor Review, June 1999, Vol.122, No.6, p.3-10. 22 ref.
The writing on the wall
Topics: journalism; safety and health training; safety programmes; survival; training course; traumatic neurosis; violence.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Jan. 1999, Vol.17, No.1, p.22-24.
Peek-Asa C., Erickson R., Krauss J.F.
Traumatic occupational fatalities in the retail industry, United States 1992-1996
Work-related deaths in the retail industry were examined using the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries from 1992 to 1996. Occupational fatality rates were calculated by age, gender and type of establishment, and characteristics of occupational deaths in the retail industry were compared to other industries. Liquor stores had the highest work-related fatality rates.The two leading causes of death in the retail industry were violence (69.5%) and motor vehicle crashes (19.3%). Females, younger, minority, and foreign-born workers were more likely to be killed in retail than in other industries. Deaths in the retail industry were more likely to bein small businesses, after normal business hours, and in urban settings. Workers in the retail industry were at lower risk of most types of workplace deaths but had a markedly increased risk of violent death than had workers in other industries. Topics: age-linked differences; fatalities; high-risk groups; mortality; occupational accidents; retail trade; sex-linked differences; statistics; USA; violence.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 1999, Vol.35, No.2, p.186-191. 17 ref.
International Labour Office
Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety - Part V-VII
Sanup anjeon bojun bakjua sajeon [in Korean]
Korean translation of parts 5, 6 and 7 of the 4th edition of the ILO Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety (for the English version, see CIS 99-1860), containing in-depth articles covering various aspects of occupational safety and health. Contents: psychosocial and organizational factors at work; general, biological and physical hazards (barometric pressure, biological hazards, natural and technological disasters, electricity, fire, heat and cold, hours of work, indoor air quality, indoor environmental control, lighting, noise, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, vibration, violence, work on screens); environment (environmental health hazards, environmental policy, environmental pollution control).
Korean Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 34-4 Gusan-dong, Bupyeong-gu, Inchoen, Korea 403-711, 4th ed., 1998. Approx. 1200p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.
Pérez Bilbao J., Nogareda Cuixart C.
Violencia en el lugar de trabajo [in Spanish]
This information note classifies workplace violence as one of three types: violence with no relationship between the perpetrator and the victim (e.g. robberies), violence related to the service offered by the employer of the victim (e.g. violence committed by an irate customer) and violence connected to the relationship between the offender and the victim (e.g. violence against a former or actual supervisor or co-worker). The possible causes of violent behaviour are described and recommendations for prevention are given. The analysis of incidents at the workplace will enable the identification of problems and to take the necessary corrective measures. The importance of the support to victims is emphasized. Finally, the note gives an overview of relevant legislation in Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 6p. 9 ref.
Rodat S., Daumont A., Rodat O.
Survey of assaults on staff in a hospital
Enquête sur les violences exercées sur le personnel d'un centre hospitalier [in French]
Topics: emergency treatment; France; health care personnel; hospitals; human behaviour; mental disorders; mental health; notification of occupational accidents; sex-linked differences; skull injuries; violence.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, July 1998, Vol.59, No.4, p.252-255. Illus. 4 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Railway safety - HM Chief inspector of railways' annual report on the safety record of the railways in Great Britain during 1997/98
Topics: accident descriptions; fatalities; labour inspection; legislation; occupational accidents; ongoing research; rail transport; report of activities; statistics; United Kingdom; violence.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. viii, 138p. Illus. Price: GBP 15.95.
Leather P., Lawrence C., Beale D., Cox T., Dickson R.
Exposure to occupational violence and the buffering effects of intra-organizational support
The effects of exposure to a variety of forms of work-related violence upon work attitudes and general well-being were investigated within a sample of UK public house licensees (individuals who manage public houses and hold the licence permitting the sale of alcoholic drinks on the premises). In addition, the role of social support in moderating such effects was examined. Based on a sample of 242 licensees, there was a consistent interaction between exposure to such violence and the availability of perceived intra-organizational support in determining the size of any negative effects upon individual well-being, job satisfaction and organizational commitment. It is argued that exposure to all forms of work-related violence, including intimidation, verbal abuse and threat, should be seen as a potential stressor within the work environment, the negative effects of which are buffered by perceived support from within the organization, but not by that perceived to be available from informal sources such as family and friends. Topics: anxiety; depressive neurosis; hotel industry; human behaviour; human relations; job dissatisfaction; questionnaire survey; social aspects; stress factors; violence; waiters, waitresses and bartenders.
Work and Stress, Apr.-June 1998, Vol.12, No.2, p.161-178. Illus. 68 ref.
Workplace harassment: What is it, and what should the law do about it?
Workplace harassment occurs when a person subjects another in the workplace to degrading behaviour, ranging from verbal abuse or threats to actual physical violence. It is an inappropriate expression of power that adversely affects workers and their productivity, and that requires both legal and non-legal redress. Legal remedies available to victims of such harassment are surveyed, and measures, both legal and non-legal, which might be applied in the workplace to prevent such unacceptable behaviour are explored. Topics: Australia; bullying; discriminatory practices; human behaviour; labour-management relations; legislation; neuropsychic stress; sexual harassment; violence; workmen's compensation.
JIR - The Journal of Industrial Relations, June 1998, Vol.40, No.2, p.232-246. Bibl.ref.
The role of workplace conflict in occupational health and safety
It is argued that there are several key issues that impact on or are impacted by conflict, namely stress, bullying and workplace violence. As such, conflict is a workplace hazard that can dramatically affect employee safety and health. It is argued that a piecemeal approach to workplace conflict fails to account for its systemic nature, leaving conflict unresolved. Topics: bullying; discriminatory practices; human behaviour; human relations; neuropsychic stress; sickness absenteeism; violence.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 1998, Vol.14, No.6, p.587-592. 24 ref.
The distinction between workplace bullying and workplace violence and the ramifications for OHS
It is argued that workplace violence and workplace bullying are discrete phenomena and have different implications for OSH management and prevention. Preventive strategies are suggested for dealing with both problems. It is also suggested that such strategies will be more effective when systemic forms of workplace bullying and violence are addressed. Topics: behaviour prediction; bullying; discriminatory practices; human behaviour; human relations; plant safety and health organization; violence.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 1998, Vol.14, No.6, p.575-580. 22 ref.
Rick J., Young K., Guppy A.
Health and Safety Executive
From accidents to assaults: How organisational responses to traumatic incidents can prevent post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the workplace
Topics: hazard evaluation; high-risk groups; mental illness; psychological and psychiatric services; role of management; role of supervisory staff; safety and health training; social aspects; traumatic neurosis; violence.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. xii, 101p. 45 ref. Price: GBP 32.50.
Human resource development in the public service in the context of structural adjustment and transition
Mise en valeur des ressources humaines dans la fonction publique dans le cadre de l'ajustement structurel et de la transition [in French]
Topics: community services; conditions of work; developing countries; ILO; international agreements; report; technical development; terms of employment; violence; work organization.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1998. vii, 79p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 17.50.
Terms of employment and working conditions in health sector reforms
Conditions d'emploi et de travail dans les réformes du secteur de la santé [in French]
Topics: conditions of work; health care personnel; health services; hours of work; ILO; international agreements; neuropsychic stress; night work; physical hazards; report; shift work; violence; work organization.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1998. vii, 92p. Illus. Price: CHF 17.50.
Schulte J.M., Nolt B.J., Williams R.L., Spinks C.L., Hellsten J.J.
Violence and threats of violence experienced by public health field-workers
In a questionnaire survey of 364 public health field-workers, 139 (38%) reported 611 violent incidents, including verbal threats, weapon threats, physical attack and rape. Risk factors included worker's male sex, white ethnicity and experience of five years or longer. Violence directed toward public health field-workers is a common occupational hazard. Future research should include an assessment of the situations, clients and locations that pose a risk of violence to these workers. Topics: experience; hazard evaluation; health care personnel; human behaviour; questionnaire survey; race-linked differences; risk factors; sex-linked differences; sexual harassment; social aspects; violence.
Journal of the American Medical Association, 5 Aug. 1998, Vol.280, No.5, p.439-442. 25 ref.
Peek-Asa C., Schaffer K.B, Kraus J.F., Howard J.
Surveillance of non-fatal workplace assault injuries, using police and employers' reports
Non-fatal workplace assaults reported to the police and through employers in eight southern California cities were examined. The combined annualized rate of workplace injury for the eight cities was 184.6 per 100,000 workers, which was almost twice the rate found in either reporting source individually. Police reports differed from employers' reports by industry and occupation of victim but not type of event or weapons used. Examination of multiple reporting sources for non-fatal workplace assault injuries is essential in identifying the magnitude of these events. Understanding trends in reporting is important for the effective design of preventive programmes. Topics: compilation of statistics; frequency rates; high-risk groups; injuries; notification of occupational accidents; violence.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1998, Vol.40, No.8, p.707-713. 17 ref.
Eisele G.R., Watkins J.P., Matthews K.O.
Workplace violence at government sites
Topics: government services; human behaviour; neuropsychic stress; questionnaire survey; sex-linked differences; statistical trends; USA; violence.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, May 1998, Vol.33, No.5, p.485-492. Illus. 44 ref.
LaMar W.J., Gerberich S.G., Lohman W.H., Zaidman B.
Work-related physical assault
Topics: accident absenteeism; compensation of occupational accidents; cost of accidents; fatalities; frequency rates; high-risk groups; Minnesota; risk factors; sex-linked differences; statistics; USA; violence.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Apr. 1998, Vol.40, No.4, p.317-324. 46 ref.
Women in the U.S. construction industry: An analysis of fatal occupational injury experience, 1980 to 1992
Topics: age-linked differences; analysis of accident causes; construction industry; construction sites; falls of persons; fatalities; frequency rates; in-plant transport; materials handling; mechanical hazards; occupational accidents; sex-linked differences; USA; violence; women.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 1998, Vol.33, No.3, p.256-262. Illus. 30 ref.
Workplace violence in the Union countries: A cause for concern
La violence au travail dans les pays de l'Union: une réalité à prendre au sérieux [in French]
Topics: European Communities; high-risk groups; human behaviour; information of personnel; neuropsychic stress; psychological effects; traumatic neurosis; violence; women.
Eurogip infos, June 1998, No.20, p.1-3.
Chappell D., Di Martino V.
Violence at work
Topics: bullying; character; drug dependence; economic aspects; high-risk groups; human behaviour; human relations; ILO; information of personnel; international agreements; legislation; personality disorders; psychological effects; report; risk factors; sexual harassment; statistics; violence; work in isolation.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1998. xi, 165p. Illus. 226 ref. Price: CHF 25.00.
Pereira I., Brant de Carvalho M.C., Calil M.I., Mestriner M.L.
Ministério do Trabalho
Work by adolescents - Myths and issues
Trabalho do adolescente - Mitos et dilemas [in Portuguese]
In Brazil, many children and adolescents are forced to work by their circumstances, which prevents them from learning a trade. The juvenile workforce is employed in low-level tasks, generally does not benefit from employment contracts, and being unaware of its rights, is often exploited (long working hours, minimal wages). Furthermore, juvenile workers are faced with a higher risk of severe injury. Programmes offering adolescents the possibility to work while paying an allowance to the parents have been set up, but the type of work offered is not always attractive to young persons. Several organizations are active in denouncing child labour and enterprises unfairly employing children. Proposals have been made to regulate child labour, aimed in particular at prohibiting work of children aged under 14, and at improving the protection at work for adolescents aged between 14 and 17.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 05409-002, Brazil, 1997. 62p. 32 ref.
Bonnefoy P., Knab A., Kelfa C., Wurth M.
Bus drivers exposed to problem suburbs
Le chauffeur de bus face au problème des banlieues [in French]
Topics: age-linked differences; anxiety; buses; conditions of work; cross-sectional study; depressive neurosis; drivers; epidemiologic study; France; job dissatisfaction; mental stress; neuropsychic stress; public transport; questionnaire survey; social aspects; statistical evaluation; violence; work time schedules.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1997, Vol.37, No.1, p.17-25. 10 ref.
Accident prevention manual for business and industry - Security management
A desk reference manual on security management in the United States in seven parts. Contents: overview with historical perspectives and comments on future trends; administration, which outlines the principles and procedures concerned with the administration of an effective security management system; security and the law, covering legal aspects; physical security standards: designing a secure and safe work place; security management systems, concerned with the human element; crisis management, covering needs for security emergencies; special topics: airports, health care, public buildings, international security management, espionage, terrorism and civil unrest.
National Safety Council, 1121 Spring Lake Drive, Itasca IL 60143-3201, USA, 1997. xxii, 487p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 100.00.
Bringing health to work
Topics: Australia; Canada; employee rights; enforcement; ethics; harmful substances; implementation of control measures; legislation; occupational hygiene; responsibilities of employers; safety and health training; United Kingdom; USA; violence; workers participation.
Emalyn Press, 107 Centre St., Haddonfield, New Jersey 08033, USA, 1997. 154p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Assaults - Protective measures for public transport staff
Übergriffe durch Dritte - Massnahmen zum Schutz des Fahrdienstpersonals [in German]
Topics: drivers; fatalities; Germany; hazard evaluation; human relations; information of personnel; injuries; neuropsychic stress; occupational safety; public transport; risk factors; social aspects; theft; transport of persons; violence.
Das Warnkreuz, Sep. 1997, No.3, p.8-9. Illus.
Violence at work and its management. Topics: high-risk groups; human behaviour; legislation; social aspects; United Kingdom; violence.
Occupational Safety and Health, June 1997, Vol.27, No.6, p.16-21. Illus.
Fade to black?
Topics: dangerous work; film industry; hazard evaluation; risk factors; subcontractors; television studios; United Kingdom; violence.
Occupational Safety and Health, Nov. 1997, Vol.27, No.11, p.39-42. Illus.
Risk management and occupational violence: Reflections on a Saudi experience
Topics: cultural variables; legal aspects; Saudi Arabia; violence.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 1997, Vol.13, No.6, p.541-547. 42 ref.
Seifert A.M., Messing K., Dumais L.
Star Wars and Strategic Defense Initiatives: Work activity and health symptoms of unionized bank tellers during work reorganization
Topics: backache; banking and insurance; Canada; cognitive performance; lower extremity disorders; mental workload; psychological effects; questionnaire survey; standing posture; state of health; violence; women; work organization; work posture.
International Journal of Health Services, 1997, Vol.27, No.3, p.455-477. 50 ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Health Services Advisory Committee
Violence and aggression to staff in the health services: Guidance on assessment and management
Topics: hazard evaluation; health services; high-risk groups; hospitals; human behaviour; information of personnel; legislation; notification of occupational accidents; risk factors; role of management; United Kingdom; violence.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed. 1997. iv, 36p. 19 ref. Price: GBP 8.50.
Guidelines for the provision of facilities and general safety and health in the healthcare industry
Topics: biological hazards; chemical hazards; comment on law; emergency organization; hazard evaluation; health services; hospitals; information of personnel; mechanical hazards; mental stress; New Zealand; notification of accidents and diseases; physical hazards; plant safety and health organization; responsibilities; role of management; violence; welfare facilities; workers participation.
Occupational Safety and Health Service, Department of Labour, P.O. Box 3705, Wellington, New Zealand, May 1997. 75p. Bibl.ref.
Jones J.R., Hodgson J.T., Osman J.
Health and Safety Executive
Self-reported working conditions in 1995 - Results from a household survey
Topics: conditions of work; ergonomics; frequency rates; harmful substances; manual lifting; occupation disease relation; perceived noise level; questionnaire survey; repetitive work; report; sex-linked differences; statistics; thermal discomfort; United Kingdom; vibration; violence; work organization; work posture.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk, CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1997. vi, 91p. Illus. 4 ref. Price: GBP 25.00.
Health and Safety Commission, Education Service Advisory Committee
Violence in the education sector
Topics: educational institutions; hazard evaluation; high-risk groups; human factors; information of personnel; notification of occupational accidents; role of management; United Kingdom; violence.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk, CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., Oct. 1997. iii, 23p. 15 ref. Price: GBP 6.95.
Lewis A., Dailey W.
Fire risk management in the workplace - A guide for employers
Topics: combustible substances; emergency organization; escape routes; fire alarms; fire detection; fire drills; fire fighting; fire hazards; fire protection; flammable substances; handicapped workers; hazard evaluation; legislation; safety guides; smoke; sources of ignition; terrorism; training material; United Kingdom.
Fire Protection Association, Melrose Avenue, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire WD6 2BJ, United Kingdom, 1997. 160p. Illus. Index. Price: GBP 9.50.
Violence in the workplaces in Finland
An interview survey of 13,762 individuals in Finland in 1988 revealed that 394 had been victims of violence in the workplace during the previous year (40.6 victims per 1,000 workers). The rate of occupational violence was almost identical for males and females. The most hazardous occupations were prison guard, police officer and mental health nurse. A typical assailant was an unaccompanied man under the influence of alcohol.
Journal of Safety Research, Fall 1997, Vol.28, No.3, p.123-131. Illus. 29 ref.
Standing H., Nicolini D.
Health and Safety Executive
Review of workplace-related violence
This report reviews the current state of knowledge on work-related violence. Topics covered include: an analysis of the scale, trends and severity of incidents in the United Kingdom and their potential costs to employers; a reconsideration of a risk assessment and prevention framework developed by Poyner and Warne in the mid-1980s; and an examination of the feasibility of producing case studies of good practice suitable for small and medium-sized businesses. A new framework for understanding work-related volence, based on a shift from an individual to an organization centred perspective, is proposed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. 69p. 77 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.
Safety on the "inside"
Recent changes in conditions of employment and in the safety and health regime inside Irish prisons are reviewed. Topics discussed include the threat of syringe attacks by HIV-infected prisoners on prison staff and methods of dealing with them, implementation of safety and health training courses, the introduction of new fire and emergency plans, and problems of overcrowding.
Health and Safety, July/Aug. 1997, p.4-7. Illus.
Kisner S.M., Pratt S.G.
Occupational fatalities among older workers in the United States: 1980-1991
Analysis of data from the U.S. National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities surveillance system revealed that workers aged 65 and over had a workplace fatality rate 2.6 times that of workers aged 16 to 64 during the period 1980-1991. The highest rates were in mining, agriculture and construction. Compared with younger workers, older men were at elevated risk for fatalities caused by machines, and older women for fatal falls and homicide. Prevention efforts should focus on older workers in agricultural settings and on those at increased risk of workplace falls or violence.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1997, Vol.39, No.8, p.715-721. Illus. 42 ref.
McLean W., et al.
Risk associated with occupational glass injury in bar staff with special consideration of hepatitis B infection
In a survey of 91 bar staff workers, 74% reported hand injuries from broken glassware at work and 55% reported occupational skin contact with body fluids. Tests for the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen and core antibody (anti-HBc) showed that these workers were not at increased risk for this infection (anti-HBc prevalence 1.1%). However, this level of injury experience and exposure to body fluids represents a potential risk of infection. Hepatitis B immunization should be considered for these workers.
Occupational Medicine, Apr. 1997, Vol.47, No.3, p.147-150. Illus. 11 ref.
These four chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine health and safety issues in the transport industry: the working environment of professional lorry (truck), bus and taxi drivers (injuries and health, seating design, temperature, air quality, information exchange and processing, noise and vibration, field of vision and lights, crash worthiness, assault protection); railways (occupational risks, electrical safety, work at height, manual handling, health issues); air transportation (working environment of the cockpit and cabin); transport of dangerous goods (packaging, classification, labelling).
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.2, p.237-296. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Human factors - Ergonomics
These six chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine aspects of human factors and ergonomics in the workplace: individual capacities, ageing and adaptation to the work environment (brain function, effects of ageing, neuropsychological characteristics of ageing); cognitive ergonomics and the reliability of man-machine interaction (interface design); psychosocial factors in the work environment (models of the individual and the work environment, basic psychological stress concepts); unemployment and health; violence; uses of ergonomics (ergonomic design of workplaces and tools, standardization, evaluation of workload).
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.1, p.115-220. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Amandus H.E., et al.
Convenience store robberies in selected metropolitan areas - Risk factors for employee injury
Analysis of data on 1835 convenience store robberies in metropolitan areas of the USA showed that 59% of robberies occurred at night, 47% occurred in stores previously robbed in the study period, 63% involved the use of a firearm, and 12% were associated with an injury to at least one employee. In a subset of 758 robberies, factors associated with lower probability of employee injury included firearm use, robbery occurrence in stores that had been robbed several times, having money stolen, and the presence of a customer in the store. Employee risk of injury was not significantly different between one- and multiple-employee stores.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 1997, Vol.39, No.5, p.442-447. 10 ref.
Threats and violence at work
Hot och våld i arbetslivet [in Swedish]
This training package on threats and violence at work consists of one general introduction and five booklets on specific sectors. The problem of violence tends to increase at workplaces and affect more occupational groups. The reasons for aggression and conflict are explained. Topics covered include the causes of violence, reasons for the victim's reactions, the handling of conflicts, the social network and interviews. Exercises and checklists are provided. The material is written for employers, trade unions, occupational health services, the victims and people at risk. The books on specific sectors cover: social services, social welfare and home care services (considering situations where clients may become threatening or violent); hotels, restaurants and communications (situations where guests or passengers may become threatening or violent); guarding, police and treatment of offenders (situations where authorities can be the releasing factor); shops and banks (money and attractive goods are the factor).
Arbetarskyddsnämnden, Box 3208, 103 64 Stockholm, Sweden, 1997. 5 vols. (48+24+28+28+24p.). Illus.
A survey on tollbooth attendants - Those forgotten by the expressway
Une enquête sur les péagistes - Les oubliés de l'autoroute [in French]
Survey on conditions of work of tollbooth attendants on French highways. In this heterogenous activity, workers are exposed to various hazards such as atmospheric pollution, noise, vibrations (in particular those caused by heavy trucks), size of work station, and even violence from certain drivers.
Travail et sécurité, Apr. 1997, No.559, p.6-7. Illus.
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