Violence and terrorism - 395 entries found
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Focusing on a sustainable future: Anglo American - Report to Society 2007
Report on the social and environmental protection activities for the year 2007 of a multinational mining enterprise involved in platinum, diamonds, coal, ferrous and nonferrous metals, industrial minerals, paper and packaging. Topics addressed: sustainable development; economic value; human capital; social capital; natural capital; manmade capital; independent audit of the company's sustainable development indicators. The report includes descriptions of programmes aimed at providing anti-retroviral therapy to employees infected with HIV, supporting public health and preventing domestic violence.
Anglo American PLC, 20 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AN, United Kingdom, 2007. 72p. Illus.
http://www.investis.com/aa/docs/gr_2008_04_15.pdf [in English]
Violence, harassment and discrimination in the workplace
Ch. 4 in the Fourth European Working
Conditions Survey. It identified the extent of the violence and harassment across Europe in 2005. Around 5% of workers reported having experienced violence, bullying or harassment at work. In 2002, the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions conducted a comparative analysis to map the patterns and trends of harassment and violence at work in the European Union and to clarify the concepts involved. This report analyses how the concepts of violence, harassment and bullying have evolved with regard to the working environment and identifies some of the differences in cultural perspectives regarding these issues. It also surveys the variety of legislative and non-legislative measures that have emerged to combat the problem at national and EU level, as well as positive examples of preventative good practice.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughingstown, Dublin 18, Ireland, 2007. viii, 134p. (This chapter: p.35-40). Illus.
http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/pubdocs/2006/98/en/2/ef0698en.pdf [in English]
http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/docs/ewco/4EWCS/ef0698/chapter4.pdf ((Ch.4)) [in English]
Bauer J., Unterbrink T., Hack A., Pfeifer R., Buhl-Grießhaber V., Müller U., Wesche H., Frommhold M., Seibt R., Scheuch K., Wirsching M.
Working conditions, adverse events and mental health problems in a sample of 949 German teachers
The aim of this study was to explore the workload of teachers, to analyse the extent of negative or threatening school-related events teachers are confronted with and to evaluate mental health strain. A sample of 949 German teachers in 10 high schools and 79 middle schools was investigated applying a questionnaire covering different aspects of the occupational burden and threatening events, and the general health questionnaire (GHQ-12). More than 42% had faced verbal insults, almost 7% deliberate damage to personal property and 4.4% threats of violence by pupils during the past 12 months. When applying the GHQ-12, 29.8% reported significant mental health problems. Teachers in middle schools indicated more of such problems than those of high schools. Other findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Apr. 2007, Vol.80, No.5, p.442-449. 37 ref.
Managing stress and conflict in libraries
Tackling conflict and stress effectively is a legal responsibility for management. This book defines what constitutes a healthy and safe library working environment. It describes the reporting procedures leading to conflict resolution, enabling both the employee and the manager to decide whether or not there is a case for making a risk assessment that may lead to formal mediation. Topics addressed: current safety and health concerns; risk assessment procedure; the business case; taking action to solve interpersonal conflict; communication skills and training; support to be expected from the organization. Also included are case studies, a glossary of health and safety terms, and sources of further information, including relevant United Kingdom legislation.
Facet Publishing, 7 Ridgemount Street, London WC1E 7AE, United Kingdom, 2007. vii, 140p. 129 ref. Index. Price: GBP 29.95.
Harassment at work: Help from hazard evaluation
Harcèlement au travail: l'appui de l'analyse des risques [in French]
Belgian legislation on violence and sexual harassment at the place of work has been amended recently, in particular for taking into account the psychosocial effects of bullying and harassment. It thus places the emphasis on primary prevention, based on hazard evaluation and the screening for undue behaviour in order to avoid the need for legal proceedings. A well-conducted hazard evaluation is therefore essential for effective prevention. Prevent has consequently designed a training programme for assisting Belgian enterprises in carrying out a psychological stress hazard evaluation.
Prevent Focus, Sep. 2007. p.16-19. Illus. 4 ref.
Lehto A.M, Pärnänen A.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Violence, bullying and harassment in the workplace
Incidence rates of physical violence, bullying and sexual harassment have increased, according to the European Working Conditions Survey and national surveys. This study examines the manner in which these issues have been studied in the national surveys of seven European countries. It is difficult to say how much of the increase is due to raised awareness, but the heightened levels of experience reported must be regarded as real. It also became apparent in the study that physical violence, bullying and sexual harassment are very different and cannot be regarded in the same way. This means that the preventive measures implemented at the workplace must be tailored to fit each problem.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughingstown, Dublin 18, Ireland, 2007. 21p. Illus. 17 ref.
http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/reports/TN0406TR01/TN0406TR01.pdf [in English]
Abecassis P., Beaumont N., Bediot G., Comode P., Ferry P., Incorvaïa A.M., de Jesus B.S., Lafon D., Lagoutte C., Leterrier J.M., Revon M.C., Seneque B.
Evaluation and prevention of occupational hazards among security guards
Evaluation et prévention des risques chez les agents de sécurité [in French]
This article reviews the occupational hazards faced by security guards. Following a general description of the job, it goes on to describe some specific activities in more detail: watching shops or warehouses, night clubs, shopping centres, buildings, factories and other sites or premises, at night, with a dog or by car. The various hazards are described, together with the proposed prevention measures. An interview guide aimed at occupational physicians is included as an appendix.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, Mar. 2007, No.109, p.15-35. Illus. 9 ref.
http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/TC%20113/$File/TC113.pdf [in French]
Responsibilities of enterprises with respect to terrorism
La responsabilité des entreprises face au terrorisme [in French]
Enterprises can be targets of terrorist attacks. Clients, employees or other persons who are victims of these attacks may claim damages against the enterprise, for either civil or criminal liability. This article discusses the civil and criminal liability of enterprises subjected to terrorist attacks, with comments on the following situations in particular: waiving of civil liability in cases of force majeure; cases where victims can claim occupational accident compensation; cases of employers' inexcusable error; example of the attack in 2002 against the bus carrying French naval construction personnel in Karachi, Pakistan.
Face au risque, Mar. 2007, No.431, p.13-15. Illus.
Work can cause serious harm to your health
Travailler peut nuire gravement à votre santé [in French]
Based on numerous accounts from workers employed in various industrial sectors (nuclear, steel, chemicals, food) but also in services, and using the illustrative case of asbestos, this publication highlights the risks to workers' life and health, particularly among precariously-employed persons as well as among workers exposed to asbestos, workers of subcontractors and temporary workers.
Editions La Découverte, 9 bis rue Abel-Hovelacque, 75013 Paris, France, 2007. 291p. Price: EUR 19.00.
Bué J., Sandret N.
Contact with the public: Close to one worker in four is exposed to verbal assaults
Contact avec le public: près d'un salarié sur quatre subit des agressions verbales [in French]
The analysis of the findings of the SUMER 2003 survey that concern assaults on staff dealing with the public in France shows that in 2003, close to three out of four workers were employed in jobs involving contact with the public, either directly or over the phone. This was the case for 63% of the men and 80% of the women. Twenty-two percent of these workers reported having received verbal assaults and two percent physical assaults during the previous twelve months. Postal workers, bank employees, security staff and health care personnel were among the most at risk. Assaults by the public were also more frequent among workers subjected to unusual working hours, with highly organisational constraints.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, June 2007, No.110, p.193-198. 3 ref.
http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/TF%20160/$File/TF160.pdf [in French]
Møller L., Stöver H., Jürgens R., Gatherer A., Nikogosian H.
Health in prisons - A WHO guide to the essentials in prison health
Based on the experience of many European countries, this guide describes the steps prison systems should take to protect the health of prisoners and prison staff. This requires that all persons working in prisons understand how imprisonment affects health, what prisoners' health needs are and how to provide health services. Other essential elements include awareness of internationally-recommended standards for prison health; providing professional care with the same professional ethics as in other health services and promoting a whole-prison approach to care, health and well-being of people in custody.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service,1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2007. xvi, 179p. Illus. 6 ref. Price: CHF 40.00, USD 36.00 (CHF 28.00, USD 25.20 in developing countries)
http://www.euro.who.int/document/e90174.pdf [in English]
Brun E., Van Herpe S., Laamanen I., Klug K., Linsel G., Schöneich R., Flaspöler E., Reinert D., Galwas M., Mirón Hernández M.A., García-Matarredona Cepeda D.
Expert forecast on emerging biological risks related to occupational safety and health
About 320,000 workers worldwide die every year of communicable diseases, and some 5,000 in the European Union. In the last decade, media coverage has increased awareness among the public for biological hazards, such as anthrax due to bioterrorist activities, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and avian flu. But biological agents are ubiquitous and, in many workplaces, workers face considerably harmful biological risks. The Community strategy 2002-2006 called on the Agency to set up a risk observatory to anticipate new and emerging risks. This report sets out to present the results of the forecast on emerging OSH biological risks.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2007. 145p. Illus. 361 ref. Price: EUR 15.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://osha.europa.eu/publications/reports/7606488/risk_observatory_en.pdf/at_download/file [in English]
Alcouffe J., Bouchet H., Chaney C., Le Pache J., Manillier P., Montéléon P.Y.
Effects of external violence on musculoskeletal disorders among cashiers in stores selling mainly food in Ile-de France
Effets des violences externes sur les troubles musculosquelettiques chez les hôtes et hôtesses de caisse dans la distribution à prédominance alimentaire en Ile-de-France [in French]
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of external violence on the occurrence of musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs) among supermarket cashiers, and to identify the factors that could possibly reduce this impact. It was carried out in 2006 in the form of a cross-sectional survey of supermarket cashiers in the Ile-de-France region of France by means of a questionnaire. 818 responses were received from 111 shops employing 2425 cashiers. The majority (86.4%) of the respondents were women. Nearly all respondants (95.5%) reported suffering from MSDs. Regression analysis showed that stress is a key risk factor of MSDs. External violence was also found to be an important risk factor of stress. Correlations between various locations of MSDs and the frequency of unpleasant or violent incidents with customers were observed.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2nd Quarter 2007, Vol.47, No.2, p.129-138. 5 ref.
Bondéelle A., Brasseur G., Siano B.
Gestures or words that are very hurtful
Des gestes ou des mots qui font très mal [in French]
Topics addressed in this special feature on the prevention of physical violence and verbal abuse at work: responsibilities of employers to ensure the safety and health of workers; simple measures for avoiding external violence; role of safety specialists; approaches adopted in various sectors (banks, boutiques of a telephone services provider, public transport).
Travail et sécurité, Mar. 2007, No.671, p.16-26. Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ArchivesTS/ArchivesTS.nsf/(allDocParRef)/TS671page17_1/$File/TS671page17.pdf?OpenElement [in French]
CDC injury fact book
This report presents a comprehensive review at the injury problem in the United States and efforts underway to reduce it. It offers a wealth of injury data and descriptions of research and prevention programmes for a full spectrum of injuries - from those related to acute injury care or alcohol use to those resulting from youth violence. Topics addressed: public health approach to injury prevention; timeline of the significant achievements in preventing injury and its consequences; descriptions of data sources; sampling of partners; injury risk of various populations in each stage of life; comment on frequent injury issues.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Nov. 2006. v, 111p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.cdc.gov/NCIPC/fact_book/InjuryBook2006.pdf [in English]
Looking out for work hazards - Advice for young people
Attention aux dangers sur le lieu de travail - Conseils destinés aux jeunes [in French]
Cuidado con los riesgos laborales - Consejos para los jóvenes [in Spanish]
New to the job and the workplace, young persons lack experience of the job and of the safety and health risks that can be present. They have the right to safe and healthy work, including the necessary training and supervision and the right to ask questions and report things that look unsafe. For those aged under 18 years, the law ban them from carrying out certain hazardous jobs because of their inexperience. This information note covers hazards faced by young persons in the workplace. It is also available in several other European languages. Part of the series on Young worker safety abstracted as CIS 06-1145.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2006. 2p. Illus. 3 ref.
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/66 [in English]
http://osha.europa.eu/es/publications/factsheets/66 [in Spanish]
http://osha.europa.eu/fr/publications/factsheets/66 [in French]
Sedlaček D., Meyer L., Baaske G., Hahne J., Dreißig D.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Maritime terror and piracy at sea
Maritimer Terror und Piraterie auf hoher See [in German]
An analysis was carried out of the hazards caused by terrorism, high seas piracy, the needs of crews facing these dangers and the psychological and behavioural processes resulting from fear. It enabled conclusions to be drawn on the way of coping with these situations. These formed the basis for the development of an educational and training programme for possible integration into an occupational safety management system according to the ISPS code. An additional computer-assisted programme was also developed using basic knowledge concerning behaviour during exceptionally dangerous situations arising from terrorism or piracy.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2006. 282p. Illus. 84 ref. Index. Price: EUR 25.00.
Zarola A., Leather P.
Health and Safety Executive
Violence management training: The development of effective trainers in the delivery of violence management training in healthcare settings
The objectives of this research project was to identify the competencies that make for an effective violence management trainer and to review practices and procedures associated with the selection, development and management of trainers. It was carried out by means of literature surveys, together with interviews and focus groups involving trainers and managers of a number of healthcare units in the United Kingdom. Findings are discussed. Recommendations are grouped under the following headings: regulation of violence management training; trainer competencies; role of violence management trainer; trainer selection; trainer support and development; organizational capability in tackling work-related violence; further research.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. xii, 87p. Illus. 13 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr495.pdf [in English]
Zarola A., Leather P.
Health and Safety Executive
Violence and aggression management training for trainers and managers
Workplace violence management training programmes in the health care sector constitutes a central part of the strategy for combating work-related violence and aggression. The objective of this research was to directly assess the usefulness of violence management training. The report includes various evaluation tools, cases studies and guidance documents in the field of violence management training. Based on the conclusions of this report, a second document gives guidance on good practice in the content and delivery of such training.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. xii, 83p. Illus. 2 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr440.pdf [in English]
Emergency response: Worst-case scenario
Employers have learned from current events ranging from Hurricane Katrina to 9/11 that any workplace can be negatively affected by events outside of the employer's control. This article explains how to develop an emergency response plan to cope with these unforeseen events. Topics addressed: hazard evaluation; setting up an emergency response team; establishing a command post; liaison with government agencies and neighbouring businesses; specific plans for fire, weather emergencies, chemical spills and workplace violence.
Occupational Hazards, Sep. 2006, p.35-39. Illus.
Cristian Alonso R.
New law on harassment in the workplace
Nueva ley de acoso laboral [in Spanish]
The new Colombian law 1010 of January 2006 on harassment at the place of work is commented. It defines the various types of harassment at the place of work, including ill treatment, persecution, discrimination, hindrance in carrying out one's job, inequity and removal of protection. Main topics addressed: definition of harassment and mobbing; typical harassment behaviours; profiles of perpetrators and their victims; consequences of harassment for employers (penalties) and victims (psychological disorders); measures for the prevention of harassment and mobbing at the place of work.
Salud, Trabajo y Ambiente, 4th Quarter 2006, Vol.13, No.50, p.9-13. Illus. 6 ref.
Count to 10
This article on workplace violence outlines the responsibilities of employers in the United Kingdom together with the range of recommended control measures. Contents: short descriptions of violent incidents; examples policies adopted by regional health services in the United Kingdom; preventive measures at the workplace, including implementing HSE guidance "Violence at work - A guide for employers" (CIS 00-1581); protecting workers who deal with the public off site; training employees to deal with cases of violence.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Oct. 2006, Vol.24, No.10, p.48-50. Illus. 10 ref.
Violence, bullying and sexual harassment: organizational risk factors
Violences, harcèlement moral ou sexuel au travail: facteurs de risque organisationnels [in French]
Ongewenst grensoverschrijdend gedrag op het werk: organisatorische risicofactoren [in Dutch]
Often, cases of violence, bullying or sexual harassment at work are attributed to the personality of the perpetrator, overlooking the role played by the organization, the work team and the tasks to be accomplished. This study examines the contribution of these risk factors to the incidence, development and persistence of abusive and violent behaviour at work. It involved a literature survey, interviews and questionnaire surveys.
Service public fédéral Emploi, travail et concertation sociale, rue Ernest- Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, Sep. 2006. 47p. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=8714 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=8714 [in Dutch]
An increasing number of enterprises have to send their employees into work situations that are hostile, be that due to war, insurrection, or natural disaster. This article draws on the experiences of a safety and health advisor in some of the world's most volatile locations to provide an overview of what such enterprises need to consider. Topics addressed: planning; sources of information; hazard evaluation; role of field risk coordinator.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Nov. 2006, Vol.24, No.11, p.52-54. Illus. 4 ref.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World report on violence against children
This report is part of a global effort to provide a detailed description of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children, and to propose clear recommendations for preventive action. It draws together existing research and relevant information about the forms, causes and impact of violence which affects children and young people up to the age of 18 years. Data were also collected since 2003 through consultations, working groups and questionnaires. It presents the reality of violence against children around the world, together with the preventive actions being undertaken at international, regional, national and local levels.
United Nations, Sales Section, 1211 Genève 10, Switzerland, 2006. xix, 364p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Leroy J.F., Faulx D., Devacht I., Antonissen D.
Acting against relational suffering at work - Manual for persons having to resolve conflicts, bullying and abuse of authority at work
Agir sur les souffrances relationnelles au travail - Manuel de l'intervenant confronté aux situations de conflit, de harcèlement et d'emprise au travail [in French]
Van meningsverschil tot hyperconflict - Gids voor wie beroepsmatig tussenkomt geconfronteerd wordt met conflicten en grensoverschrijdend gedrag op het werk [in Dutch]
Relational suffering at work includes extreme conflicts, bullying, sexual harassment and violence. This guide is the result of a research programme in the course of which various methodological approaches were used. The first chapter covers concepts, phenomena and the various phases in the development of a conflict. Next, the means of prevention of these problems is addressed, together with four major intervention approaches (support discussion, mediation, group interventions and coaching). A final chapter is devoted to good practices.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2006. 147p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=5884 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=5110 [in Dutch]
Alcouffe J., Chaney C., Le Pache J., Manillier P., Montéléon P.Y.
External violence at work among cashiers of hypermarkets, supermarkets and convenience stores in Ile-de-France
La violence externe au travail chez les hôtes et hôtesses de caisses dans la grande distribution, les supérettes et les mini libres-services en Ile-de-France [in French]
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to describe and evaluate the frequency of external violence inflicted on supermarket cashiers. It involved a questionnaire survey administered by 63 occupational physicians among 1325 supermarket employees in the Greater Paris region. The sample consisted mostly of women (88%), of average age 32 years. Practically all employees (94%) declared having been subjected to at least one type of violence: armed robbery (7.8%), blows and injuries (3.9%), aggressive behaviour (34.2%), verbal violence (63.0%), abuse (84.1%) and shouting in the queue (81.5%). When occurring repeatedly, these events may cause various pathologies. Other findings are discussed.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 3rd quarter 2006, Vol.46, No.3, p.335-345. Illus. 17 ref.
Preventing risks of violence in organizations that interact with the public
Prévenir le risque d'agression dans les établissements recevant du public [in French]
The increase in the frequency of violence to staff in organizations that interact with the public calls for the implementation of a system for dealing specifically with this hazard. Heads of organizations are required by law to ensure the safety of their staff. While no regulations specifically cover the risk of violence, a system should be established for dealing with this hazard in order to improve the safety and the productivity of staff. Such a system must include a hazard evaluation, the implementation of measures and training.
Revue Technique Apave, Jul.-Sep. 2006, No.315, p.30-31. Illus.
Cyanide: Understanding the risk, enhancing preparedness
This research project was conducted to provide an overview of cyanide risk as a toxicant and cyanide incident preparedness in the USA. The research was conducted in two phases. The first phase was a geographical information system (GIS) analysis of pre-existing data to determine the spatial distribution of risk. This analysis resulted in maps that portray the known locations of cyanide facilities, the relative magnitude of cyanide use and the distribution of fire- and burn-related deaths. The second phase was a survey of the knowledge, attitudes and practices of advanced life support (ALS) providers throughout the USA. A representative sample of 507 ALS providers was surveyed during the summer of 2005. The main findings of this survey are summarized.
Clinical Toxicology, 2006, Vol.44, Suppl.1, p.47-63. Illus. 13 ref.
Workplace violence prevention - Strategies and research needs
Report of a conference on workplace violence (WPV) held in Baltimore, USA, 17-19 November 2005. Contents: scope, background, methods and objectives; barriers and gaps that impede WPV prevention and strategies to overcome them; WPV prevention programmes and strategies; research needs for WPV prevention; linking research to practice; partners and their respective roles.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Sep. 2006. ix, 38p. Illus. 17 ref.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2006-144/pdfs/2006-144.pdf [in English]
Iaia T.E., et al.
A cohort mortality study of leather tanners in Tuscany, Italy
Work in leather tanning may involve exposure to a wide range of chemicals, including carcinogens or suspected carcinogens. This cohort study investigated the mortality of leather tanners in Tuscany, Italy. The cohort consisted of 4874 workers (4,150 men and 724 women) currently or previously employed in one of the 92 tanneries of the region. Men showed increases for cancer of the endocrine glands, blood diseases, mental disorders, violence and accidents. Mortality from myeloid leukaemia was increased in both men and women. The study confirms previous observations among tanners of increased mortality from lung, bladder and pancreatic cancer. Noteworthy are the increased mortality from myeloid leukaemia together with the new findings of an increased mortality from endocrine gland tumours, blood diseases, and psychiatric disorders which should however be considered with caution because of the small number of cases.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2006, Vol.49, p.452-459. 57 ref.
Stress and psychosocial risk factors: Concepts and prevention
Stress et risques psychosociaux: concepts et prévention [in French]
The first part of this review article describes the current understanding of stress and psychosocial risk factors, in particular external violence (from persons external to the enterprise), internal violence (from persons within the enterprise) including bullying, suffering and ill-being at work. Chronic stress is the cause of adverse health effects, including cardiovascular diseases, mental health disorders and musculoskeletal diseases. The second part of the article is devoted to stress prevention measures and more broadly to the prevention of psychosocial risk factors. This needs to be undertaken within the broader context of hazard evaluation (compilation of the single document) and the definition of prevention plans.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 2nd Quarter 2006, No.106, p.169-186. Illus. 44 ref.
http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/TC%20108/$File/TC108.pdf [in French]
Bergeret A., Choasson P.
29th National Congress on Occupational Medicine and Health - Lyon 30 May - 2 June 2006
29e Congrès national de médecine et santé au travail - Lyon 30 mai - 2 juin 2006 [in French]
Proceedings of a conference on occupational medicine and health held in Lyon, France, from 30 May to 2 June 2006. Topics addressed: occupational medicine clinics; monitoring chemical hazards in the context of occupational mobility; management and prevention of crises; addictive behaviour at the workplace; transportation and work; role of occupational health nurses; noise and hearing; hazard evaluation in health care institutions; violence at work; genotoxicity and carcinogenicity; occupational health surveys; occupational health indicators; pluridisciplinarity; electromagnetic fields; asbestos; solvents.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, May 2006, Vol.67, No.2, p.117-462 (whole issue). Bibl.ref.
Artazcoz L., Benach J., Cortès I., Borrell C., Leka S., Burton J., Shain M., Cox T., Elo A.L., Fichera G.P., Gilioli R.
Psychosocial factors and mental health at work
Topics covered in this special issue: impact of flexible employment on mental health and choice of living arrangements; towards the development of a psychosocial risk management toolkit (PRIMAT); psychosocial factors and mental health at work in Canada; occupational health psychology education and training; managing mental health at Finnish workplaces; work-related post traumatic stress disorder among Italian bank employee victims of robbery.
GOHNET Newsletter, 2006, No.10, p.1-12. Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.who.int/entity/occupational_health/publications/newsletter/gohnet10e310806.pdf [in English]
http://www.who.int/entity/occupational_health/publications/newsletter/gohnet10ref.pdf [in English]
Bauer J., Stamm A., Virnich K., Wissing K., Müller U., Wirsching M., Schaarschmidt U.
Correlation between burnout syndrome and psychological and psychosomatic symptoms among teachers
Burnout is the main cause of the increasing rates of premature retirement among schoolteachers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between occupational burden and the psychological strain of teachers who are still in work. A sample of 408 teachers at ten German high schools was evaluated. Modes of coping with occupational burden were determined using the coping capacity questionnaire (MECCA). Psychopathological and psychosomatic symptoms were determined using the SCL90R questionnaire. Findings are discussed. Burnout was significantly correlated with psychological and psychosomatic symptoms. Burnout was significantly higher among women, divorced teachers and teachers working part-time. Besides high numbers of pupils per class, teachers regarded the destructive and aggressive behaviour of pupils as the primary stress factor.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Mar. 2006, Vol.79, No.3, p.199-204. Illus. 28 ref.
Annual review of working conditions in the EU: 2005-2006
This third annual review of the European Working Conditions Observatory (EWCO) summarises the main developments, at EU level, in the area of working conditions and quality of work and employment. Topics covered include legislative developments relating to working time, health and safety at work, musculoskeletal disorders, occupational exposure to physical, chemical and biological agents, machinery and violence; the REACH regulation (Registration, evaluation and authorisation of chemicals); policy developments and the health and safety at work strategy; statistics on occupational accidents; quality of work.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughlinstown, Dublin 18, Ireland, 2006. Internet document. 68p. Illus. Bibl. ref.
http://www.eurofound.eu.int/ewco/reports/EU0603AR01/EU0603AR01.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Charity and voluntary workers - A guide to health and safety at work
This guide provides basic health and safety advice for charity and voluntary organizations. Contents: legal duties; managing health and safety and risk assessment; information, instruction, supervision and training; accidents, sickness absence and returning to work; charity shops; driving and transport; fire safety; fund raising; hazardous substances; lone working; materials handling; work-related stress; violence at work; work equipment; the workplace and working environment. Replaces previous edition (CIS 00-67).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 2006. vi, 128p. Illus. Bibl. ref. Price: GBP 13.50.
Annual review of working conditions in the EU: 2005-2006
This third annual review examines four key dimensions of working conditions and quality of work and employment: career and employment, health and well-being, skills development, and work-life balance. The report outlines relevant legislative and policy developments, and examines trends in the workplace. Topics covered include: revision of the Working Time Directive 2003/88/EC (see CIS 03-53); directives on health and safety at work; musculoskeletal disorders at work; directive on optical radiation; the REACH programme; harmonized machinery directive; violence in the workplace; European health and safety at work strategy.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughingstown, Dublin 18, Ireland, 2006. 68p. Illus. Bibl. ref. Internet document.
http://www.eurofound.eu.int/ewco/reports/EU0603AR01/EU0603AR01.htm [in English]
Chappell D., Di Martino V.
Violence at work
This book explores the range of aggressive acts that occur in workplaces, including homicides, assaults, sexual harassment, threats, bullying, mobbing and verbal abuse. Part I examines patterns and trends in workplace violence, identifies occupations at risk and tries to find explanations for violent occurrences. Part II covers the response to violence at the national and supranational levels through legal measures, collective agreements, preventive strategies and best practices. Part III attempts to draw lessons and highlights the need for international action and the role of the ILO. Updates the second edition (see CIS 00-599).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 3rd ed., 2006. xxiv, 360p. Illus. Bibl. ref.
Cremniter D., Laurent A.
Post-traumatic stress syndrome: Clinical diagnosis and therapy
Syndrome de stress post-traumatique: clinique et thérapie [in French]
Post-traumatic stress syndrome is attracting increasing attention given the trend towards providing care for victims of disasters, collective accidents, hostage taking and high psychological impact incidents. The clinical picture is characterized by the repeated reliving of the trauma in intrusive memories ("flashbacks") that are specific to this syndrome, together with emotional detachment and non-specific symptoms such as psychosomatic or personality disorders. Therapeutic intervention involves immediate care on the site of the incident, post-immediate psychotherapy follow-up and in certain cases, long-term follow-up for psychotraumatism, particularly for victims of assault and violence.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 1st Quarter 2006, No.150, 5p. 40 ref.
Health care workers in the face of violence
Les soignants face à la violence [in French]
Contents of this practical guide aimed at health care workers exposed to violence: violence situations in hospital settings; when faced with aggressive and violent behaviour, better understand to better respond; violence at the place of work, an occupational hazard for health care personnel; prevention strategies; preparedness for facing critical situations; recognizing early signs of violence; general intervention principles; containing verbal aggression; responding to physical aggression; controlling highly agitated or violent patients; post-crisis management; post-crisis support for victims of aggression.
Editions Lamarre, 1, avenue Eugène-et-Armand-Peugeot, 92500 Rueil-Malmaison, France, 2005. xiii, 165p. Illus. 61 ref. Index.
Palmstierna T., Nijman H., Oud N.
Violence in clinical psychiatry
Proceedings of a conference on violence in clinical psychiatry held in Vienna, Austria, 20-21 October 2005. Several papers addressed the safety, health and training of the staff: training in managing aggression among nurses in several countries; literature review on the effectiveness of training interventions in the management of violence in healthcare; nurses' attitudes on the reasons for patient aggression and its management.
Oud Consultancy, Hakfort 621, 1102 LA Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2005. 352p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Protection against violence, bullying and sexual harassment in the workplace
La protection contre la violence et le harcèlement moral ou sexuel au travail [in French]
De bescherming tegen geweld, pesterijen en ongewenst seksueel gedrag op het werk. [in Dutch]
This document comments on the Law of 11 June 2002 on the protection of workers against violence, bullying or sexual harassment which came into force in Belgium on 1 July 2002. Contents: definitions; scope; prevention of violence, bullying and sexual harassment; protection of workers, employers and third parties; other legislation on sexual harassment in the workplace. Replaces CIS 03-1499.
Cellule publications du SPF Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, rev.ed., June 2005. 79p. Illus.
Keys for ... preventing and combating violence, bullying and sexual harassment in the workplace
Clés pour ... prévenir et lutter contre la violence et le harcèlement moral ou sexuel au travail [in French]
Wegwijs in ... de preventie en bescherming tegen geweld, pesten en ongewenst seksueel gedrag op het werk. [in Dutch]
This booklet provides guidance on Belgian regulations concerning the protection of workers against violence, bullying or sexual harassment. Contents: definitions and scope of the regulations; occupational safety and health policies; roles of the occupational safety and health advisor and the trusted advisor; protection of workers, employers and third parties; penalties; help to victims. Replaces CIS 03-1119.
Cellule publications du SPF Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, rev. ed., Feb. 2005. 64p. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=4282 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=4282 [in Dutch]
Bertin J., Fraix N., Paljkovic G., Sasso M.O.
Workload, absenteeism and occupational weariness
Charge, absentéisme et usure au travail [in French]
This information sheet presents examples of methods adopted by enterprises for addressing issues of absenteeism, excessive workload, stress, violence and burnout. Sectors covered include a call centre, a vocational training centre, health care institutions and a local government administration.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Mar. 2005. 6p. Illus. 17 ref.
http://www.aravis.asso.fr/upload/files/FILE20050407170548_Fiche17.pdf [in French]
Safety calculator for hospitality small business
This CD-ROM includes a "Safety Calculator" showing the full range of costs of a workplace incident and a video entitled "Small Business Talking Safety" (see also CIS 06-1335). It is aimed specifically at the hospitality sector and includes a number of occupational safety and health publications of particular interest to this field of activity. Topics addressed include back injuries, burns, cuts, slips and falls, and violence.
Worksafe BC (Workers' Compensation Board of British Columbia), Canada (http://www.worksafebc.com), 2005. CD-ROM.
Update: The SOLVE approach to addressing psychosocial problems at work
SOLVE is an interactive educational programme designed to assist in the development of policies and actions to address psychosocial issues at the workplace. Stress, alcohol and drugs, violence (both physical and psychological), HIV/AIDS and tobacco, all lead to health-related problems for the worker and lower productivity for the enterprise or organization. Taken together, they represent a major cause of accidents, fatal injuries, diseases and absenteeism at work in both industrialized and developing countries. SOLVE focuses on prevention in translating concepts into policies and policies into action at the national and enterprise levels. This document summarizes the SOLVE concept, its methodology and its implementation at the place of work. Includes a list of SOLVE training courses for managers, workers and counsellors.
Programme on Safety and Health at Work and the Environment (SafeWork), International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, Feb. 2005. 9p. Illus.
Chaumette P., et al.
Prevention of occupational hazards in fishing
La prévention des risques professionnels à la pêche [in French]
Proceedings of a conference on the prevention of occupational hazards in fishing at sea held in Nantes, France, on 17-18 March 2005. Papers cover issues concerning the fishing industry both in France and in other countries. Topics include: general aspects of occupational safety and health of fishermen; the informal sector in developing countries; illegal fishing; piracy; legal aspects; and conditions of work. Some papers are in English or Spanish.
Observatoire des droits des marins, Maison des sciences de l'homme "Ange-Guépin", 21 boulevard Gaston Doumergue, BP 76235-44262 Nantes Cedex 2, France, 2005. 275p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 10.00.
Dickinson C., Bevan J.
Managing violence on the railways
This article describes the findings of a series of inspections that considered the arrangements and measures for managing and preventing work-related violence in train-operating companies (TOCs). In general, TOCs manage the risk of violence to their staff in the same way as other personal risks. Hence, the inspection considered risk assessments, reporting measures and investigation reports. A number of deficiencies were identified, the most serious of which concerned the arrangements and measures in place for contract staff employed in checking tickets or in security activities. Action was taken by HM Railway Inspectorate to ensure the TOCs and the employers of the contract staff address and resolve this issue.
Applied Ergonomics, Nov. 2005, Vol.36, No.6, p.729-738. 15 ref.
Fatal occupational injuries among Asian workers
Between 1999 and 2003, 775 people of Asian descent suffered a fatal work injury; this is equal to three percent of all fatal work injuries in the USA during this period. More than half of the fatalities resulted from an assault or violent act. This article presents the salient fatal occupational injury statistics for Asian workers in the USA and discusses some of the key safety issues concerning this population. Contents: data sources; demographics; event or exposure causing fatalities; fatalities by geographic area and by industry; areas for further research.
Monthly Labor Review, Oct. 2005, Vol.128, No.10, p.49-55. 18 ref.
http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2005/10/art6full.pdf [in English]
Occupational injuries, illnesses and fatalities among women
Women experienced fewer fatal and nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses in the USA than men during the 1992-2003 period; homicide was the leading source of fatal injuries for women, and musculoskeletal disorders were the primary source of nonfatal injuries and illnesses. This article presents the salient occupational injury, illness and fatality statistics for women workers in the USA and discusses some of the key safety issues concerning this population with regard to the risk of occupational injuries.
Monthly Labor Review, Oct. 2005, Vol.128, No.10, p.31-37. Illus. 5 ref.
http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2005/10/art4full.pdf [in English]
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