Psychological factors - 1,739 entries found
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Shimazu A., Schaufeli W.B.
Is workaholism good or bad for employee well-being? The distinctiveness of workaholism and work engagement among Japanese employees
The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the empirical distinctiveness of workaholism and work engagement by examining their relationships with well-being in a sample of 776 Japanese employees. Questionnaires were used to measure workaholism, work engagement and well-being. Structural equation modeling showed that workaholism was positively associated with ill-health and negatively associated with life satisfaction and job performance. In contrast, work engagement was negatively associated with ill-health and positively associated with life satisfaction and job performance.
Industrial Health, Sep. 2009, Vol.47, No.5, p.495-502. Illus. 45 ref.
http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_47_5_495.pdf [in English]
Bara A.C., Arber S.
Working shifts and mental health - Findings from the British Household Panel Survey (1995-2005)
The objective of this study was to examine the impact of shift work on mental health. Longitudinal data (1995-2005) from the British Household Panel Survey were analyzed. Controlling for age, marital status, education, number of years working and baseline mental health, logistic regression models were used to examine the effect of night work and shift patterns on mental health. The type of shift work was found to have a differential impact on mental health according to gender. Women's mental health was primarily affected by varied shift patterns, while among men, night work had the greater negative impact.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Sep. 2009, Vol.35, No.5, p.361-367. 40 ref.
Høivik D., Tharaldsen J.E., Baste V., Moen B.E.
What is most important for safety climate: The company belonging or the local working environment? A study from the Norwegian offshore industry
The aim of this study was to examine the relative influence of offshore local installation safety climate and employer safety policies on employees' opinions concerning occupational safety and health. Data from a safety climate survey answered by 4479 Norwegian offshore petroleum employees in 2005 were analyzed. The specific offshore installation was considered more important than the employer. Other findings are discussed.
Safety Science, Dec. 2009, Vol.47, No.10, p.1324-1331. 36 ref.
DeArmond S., Chen P.Y.
Occupational safety: The role of workplace sleepiness
This study explored safety behaviour as a mediator of the relationship between workplace sleepiness and occupational injuries. A survey was conducted among certified nursing assistants working in long-term care facilities. Data were obtained through focus groups and interviewer-administered questionnaires. A negative relationship was found between workplace sleepiness and safety behaviour, together with positive relationships between workplace sleepiness and occupational injuries, and pain frequency and severity.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, Sep. 2009, Vol.41, No.5, p.976-984. 99 ref.
Occupational safety and health programmes faced with the challenge of uncertainty. Example of the precautionary principle applied to nanoparticles
La prévention à l'épreuve de l'incertitude. L'exemple de la précaution à l'égard des nanoparticules [in French]
Using the example of nanoparticles, this article discusses various decision-making and reasoning theories relating to the hazards, allowing societal concerns to be taken into account when designing occupational safety and health programmes.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 2009, No.216, p.53-58. Illus. 16 ref.
http://www.hst.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_date1_view_view/8C7A1423147B25AEC1257642003986CD/$FILE/pr40.pdf [in French]
Occupational well-being of construction site foremen. Findings of a survey in France's Languedoc-Roussillon region
Le bien-être au travail chez les conducteurs de travaux. Résultats d'une action menée en Languedoc-Roussillon [in French]
Although the taking into account of psychosocial hazards is a difficult issue, it does appear an attractive option for the case of middle management personnel: such an exercise enables anticipating the compounding effect of prevention measures, especially for risks conventionally confronted by operators whose work is organized by these middle managers. This article describes an approach set up for building and civil engineering general foremen, stemming from the so-called wellbeing approach developed at INRS. An action was developed based on a health/well-being questionnaire designed for integration into healthcare service routine activity. This effectively provided data on group health and organizational aspects. These data were subsequently exploited within a group discussion framework, in this case involving health services representatives and prevention professionals of the sector at the regional level.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 2009, No.216, p.41-51. Illus. 13 ref.
http://www.hst.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/ND%202315/$File/ND2315.pdf [in French]
Mental health - Towards a redefinition of the recognition/belonging pair
Santé mentale - Vers une redéfinition du duo reconnaissance/appartenance [in French]
The need for recognition is by far not only a spoilt child's whim. It is an inseparable complement of the sense of belonging and therefore essential to the cohesion of all human groups. The unstoppable growth of organization size and the longing for mobility among young workers nonetheless require us to consider new forms of expression of this inseparable mobilizing pair of factors.
Travail et santé, Sep. 2009, Vol.25, No.3, p.14-17. Illus. 1 ref.
Rousseau C., Radauceanu A.
Operator perception of occupational risks - Case of employees at asbestos removal sites
Perception des risques professionnels par les opérateurs. Le cas de salariés de chantiers de retrait d'amiante [in French]
This qualitative study on asbestos-related risks was based on a survey carried out among workers of asbestos-removal construction sites. The method involving in-depth interviews enabled collecting information on the perception of occupational hazards in asbestos removal work and workers behaviour in relation to both personal and collective protective equipment. The strenuousness of this activity and the living conditions of these "mobile" workers are also discussed.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 2009, No.217, p.11-21. Illus. 16 ref.
http://www.hst.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/ND%202317/$File/ND2317.pdf [in French]
Economic crisis and health
Gesund durch die Wirtschaftkrise [in German]
Superare la crisi economica senza rimetterci in salute [in Italian]
Crise économique et santé [in French]
This article addresses the issue of the physical and mental health of workers of struggling enterprises as well as of unemployed workers. Economic crisis generates stress and fear for the future among employees and increases the risk of accidents among unemployed.
Benefit, Dec. 2009, No.4, p.4-8. Illus.
https://wwwsapp1.suva.ch/sap/public/bc/its/mimes/zwaswo/99/pdf/benefit_09_4_f.pdf [in French]
https://wwwsapp1.suva.ch/sap/public/bc/its/mimes/zwaswo/99/pdf/benefit_09_4_d.pdf [in German]
https://wwwsapp1.suva.ch/sap/public/bc/its/mimes/zwaswo/99/pdf/benefit_09_4_i.pdf [in Italian]
Vandenberghe C., Stordeur S., D'Hoore W.
An examination of the effects of job decision latitude, emotional exhaustion, and job satisfaction on absenteeism in nursing units
Une analyse des effets de la latitude de décision, de l'épuisement émotionnel et de la satisfaction au travail sur l'absentéisme au sein des unités de soins infirmiers [in French]
This study examined the role of work satisfaction, emotional exhaustion and job decision latitude as predictive variables of absenteeism among nursing staff at a Belgian university hospital. Usable data were collected from 625 nurses from 51 care units. Data were subjected to logistic regression analyses. In univariate models, absenteeism was found to be significantly related to emotional exhaustion, job satisfaction and job decision latitude. In multivariate logistic regression models however, emotional exhaustion was no longer related to absenteeism, contrary to job decision latitude and job satisfaction. These relationships were examined in greater detail by means of causal pathway analyses. The best fit was found for the model in which job decision latitude and job satisfaction were the determinants of absenteeism. The implications of these findings are discussed.
Travail humain, July 2009, Vol.72, No.3, p.209-228. Illus. 73 ref.
Dejours C., Bègue F.
Suicide at work: What can be done?
Suicide au travail: que faire? [in French]
This manual consists of a compilation of the main clinical and theoretical data on suicide at the place of work. Using the example of an intervention carried out in an aerospace enterprise after multiple suicides on a single site, it proposes a series of principles on which a preventive actions programme can be built.
Presses Universitaires de France, 6, avenue Reille, 75685 Paris Cedex 14, France, 2009. 130p. 13 ref. Price: EUR 12.00.
Ortega A., Høgh A., Pejtersen J.H., Olsen O.
Prevalence of workplace bullying and risk groups: A representative population study
The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of bullying and to identify risk groups in a representative population sample of 3,429 Danish employees between 20 and 59-years (response rate 60.4%). The study showed that 8.3% of the respondents had been bullied within the past year, 1.6% of the sample reported daily to weekly bullying. Co-workers (71.5%) and managers/supervisors (32.4%) were most often reported as perpetrators of bullying, but bullying from subordinates (6%) was also reported. Other findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Feb. 2009, Vol.82, No.3, p.417-426. Illus. 38 ref.
Park S.G., Min K.B., Chang S.J., Kim H.C., Min J.Y.
Job stress and depressive symptoms among Korean employees: The effects of culture on work
This study was conducted to investigate the association between depressive symptoms and job stress among Korean employees in small and medium-sized enterprises, and examined which components of stress are involved in the risk for depression. Data were collected from a work-stress survey of 3013 full-time employees in a Korean metropolitan area. An increased risk of depressive symptoms was found for job insecurity, occupational climate, job demands, inadequate social support, lack of rewards and organizational injustice.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Feb. 2009, Vol.82, No.3, p.397-405. 43 ref.
Vanroelen C., Levecque K., Louckx F.
Psychosocial working conditions and self-reported health in a representative sample of wage-earners: A test of the different hypotheses of the demand-control-support model
This article presents an in-depth examination of Karasek's demand-control-support-model, using data from the questionnaire survey of a representative sample of 11,099 workers in Belgium. The outcome measures were self-reported persistent fatigue, musculoskeletal complaints and emotional well-being. Quantitative job demands and supervisor support had the strongest effects. Other findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Feb. 2009, Vol.82, No.3, p.329-342. 68 ref.
Gimeno D., Amick B.C., Barrientos-Gutiérrez T., Mangione T.W.
Work organization and drinking: An epidemiological comparison of two psychosocial work exposure models
To examine the relationship between psychosocial work exposure and drinking behaviours, a questionnaire survey was conducted among 3,099 workers in the United States. Factors assessed included job stress and alienating job conditions. Data were subjected to statistical evaluation. High strain work showed no associations, while workers in passive jobs had an increased likelihood of heavy drinking (odds ratio (OR) 1.29) and a lower likelihood of frequent drinking (OR 0.71). Jobs with low complexity and low constraint related to more frequent drinking (OR 1.60). No associations with drinking at work were observed. Implications of these findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Feb. 2009, Vol.82, No.3, p.305-317. 75 ref.
van Daalen G., Willemsen T.M., Sanders K., van Veldhoven M.J.P.M.
Emotional exhaustion and mental health problems among employees doing "people work": The impact of job demands, job resources and family-to-work conflict
This study investigated the relationship between various job characteristics and family-to-work conflict, and emotional exhaustion and mental health problems. Multiple regression analyses were performed using data from 1,008 employees of ten Dutch mental care institutions. It was found that different job characteristics as well as family-to-work conflict were associated with emotional exhaustion and mental health problems in each job type. The relationship between family-to-work conflict and emotional exhaustion was furthermore mitigated by social support from colleagues for those who worked in low patient interaction jobs. Other findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Feb. 2009, Vol.82, No.3, p.291-303. 65 ref.
Wang F.W., Chiu Y.W., Tu M.S., Chou M.Y., Wang C.L., Chuang H.Y.
Chronic fatigue of the small enterprise workers participating in an occupational health checkup center in Southern Taiwan
This study examined the association between psychosocial job characteristics and chronic fatigue among workers of small enterprises in Taiwan. A questionnaire was administered to workers receiving regular health examinations, including demographic information and data on working conditions, state of health, lifestyle, psychosocial job characteristics, fatigue and psychological distress. Probable chronic fatigue was found in 34.6% of the sample of 647 workers. Chronic fatigue was found by multiple logistic regressions to be associated with the lack of exercise, working in shifts, depression score and lack of social support at the workplace. Implications of these findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, July 2009, Vol.82, No.7, p.819-825. 35 ref.
Cohidon C., Morisseau P., Derriennic F., Goldberg M., Imbernon E.
Psychosocial factors at work and perceived health among agricultural meat industry workers in France
The objective of this study was to describe the perceived health status of meat and poultry industry employees, and its relation to their organizational and psychosocial constraints at work. It was carried out in the form of a postal questionnaire survey of all 3,000 employees of the meat industry (beef, pork and poultry) in Brittany, France. Questions addressed social and demographic data, as well as information pertaining to the job and work organization. Overall, there was a high prevalence of poor health, worse among women and increasing regularly with age. Psychosocial risk factors included high quantitative and qualitative demands, inadequate resources for good work and to a lesser extent, inadequate prospects for promotion.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, July 2009, Vol.82, No.7, p.807-818. 33 ref.
Charbotel B., Croidieu S., Vohito M., Guerin A.C., Renaud L., Jaussaud J., Bourboul C., Imbard I., Ardiet D., Bergeret A.
Working conditions in call centers, the impact on employee health: A transversal study. Part II
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to assess the impact of telephone call centre employees' working conditions on health. Data on working conditions had already been collected in an earlier study. Data on personal factors, state of health, symptoms, sickness absenteeism and drug use were collected by means of questionnaires from 2130 call centre operators. During the previous 12 months, 60% of the participants had taken sick leave. A significant association was found between psychological distress and the frequency of musculoskeletal disorders. Other findings are discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, May 2009, Vol.82, No.6, p.747-756. 22 ref.
Sinokki M., Hinkka K., Ahola K,, Koskinen S., Klaukka T., Kivimäki M., Puukka P., Lönnqvist J., Virtanen M.
The association between team climate at work and mental health in the Finnish Health 2000 study
This study investigated whether team climate at work was associated with DSM-IV depressive, anxiety and alcohol use disorders and subsequent antidepressant medication in a random sample of 3347 Finnish employees aged 30-64 years. Data on team climate and depressive, anxiety and alcohol use disorders were collected during interviews. Data on the use of antidepressant medication in a three-year follow-up period were collected from the national social insurance register. Poor team climate at work was significantly associated with depressive disorders (odds ratio (OR) 1.61) but not with alcohol use. Poor team climate also predicted antidepressant medication (OR 1.53), but not anxiety after adjustment for job demands and control.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 2009, Vol.66, No.8, p.523-528. 51 ref.
Ahola K., Gould R., Virtanen M., Honkonen T., Aromaa A., Lönnqvist J.
Occupational burnout as a predictor of disability pension: A population-based cohort study
The aim of this study was to investigate whether burnout predicts new disability pension. It involved a population-based cross-sectional sample of 3125 employees in Finland. The data collection in 2000-2001 comprised an interview, a clinical health examination including a standardised mental health interview, and a questionnaire including the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Disability pensions and their causes until December 2004 were extracted from national pension records. The association between burnout and new disability pension was analysed with logistic regression models. Findings are discussed. Burnout predicts permanent work disability and could therefore be used as a risk marker of chronic health-related work stress.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 2009, Vol.66, No.5, p.284-290. 50 ref.
Nyberg A., Alfredsson L., Theorell T., Westerlund H., Vahtera J., Kivimäki M.
Managerial leadership and ischaemic heart disease among employees: The Swedish WOLF study
To investigate the association between managerial leadership and ischaemic heart disease (IHD), data on 3122 Swedish male employees were drawn from a prospective cohort study. Baseline screening was carried out in 1992-1995. Managerial leadership quality was rated by subordinates. Records of employee hospital admissions with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina and deaths from IHD or cardiac arrest to the end of 2003 were used to ascertain IHD. Cox proportional-hazards analyses were used to calculate hazard ratios for IHD. Higher leadership scores were associated with lower IHD risk, with the inverse association stronger for long time spent in the same workplace. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 2009, Vol.66, No.1, p.51-55. 43 ref.
Elovainio M., Ferrie J.E., Singh-Manoux A., Gimeno D., De Vogli R., Shipley M.J., Vahtera J., Brunner E.J., Marmot M.G., Kivimäki M.
Cumulative exposure to high-strain and active jobs as predictors of cognitive function: The Whitehall II study
A high-strain job (a combination of high job demands and low job control) is expected to increase the risk of health problems, whereas an active job (high demands and high control) can be hypothesised to be associated with a greater capacity to learn. This study tested associations between high-strain and active jobs and cognitive function using data on 4146 civil servants (2989 men and 1157 women) in the United Kingdom, aged 35-55 years at baseline. Cumulative exposure to both high-strain and active jobs was assessed at various points in time (1985-1988, 1989-1990 and 1991-1993). Cognitive performance was assessed in 1997-1999 and 2003-2004 using several tests. Findings are discussed. It is concluded that associations between high-strain or active jobs and cognition are mostly explained by socioeconomic position.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 2009, Vol.66, No.1, p.32-37. 36 ref.
De Raeve L., Jansen N.W.H., van den Brandt P.A., Vasse R., Kant I.J.
Interpersonal conflicts at work as a predictor of self-reported health outcomes and occupational mobility
To examine the relationship between interpersonal conflicts at work and self-reported health outcomes and occupational mobility, data on male workers from the Maastricht Cohort Study on fatigue at work were used. Interpersonal conflict was assessed at baseline and after one year. Health outcomes were studied every four months during a second year of follow-up. Conflicts with co-workers occurred in 7.2% of the study population, while conflicts with supervisors occurred in 9.5%. Co-worker conflict was a statistically significant risk factor for an elevated need for recovery, prolonged fatigue, poor general health and external occupational mobility (change of employment). Supervisor conflict was a significant risk factor for an elevated need for recovery, prolonged fatigue, external occupational mobility, and internal occupational mobility (reassignment within the enterprise).
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 2009, Vol.66, No.1, p.16-22. Illus. 47 ref.
Kersting A.L., Medeiros L.C., LeJeune J.T.
Zoonoses and the physicians' role in educating farming patients
The purpose of this study was to characterize physicians' knowledge of zoonoses and their perceived role in zoonoses education among their farming patients in Northeast Ohio. In 2006, 92 practicing physicians participated in a self-administered anonymous questionnaire. The survey demonstrated that over 50% of physicians were either mostly uncomfortable or strongly uncomfortable with their knowledge of zoonoses and in their ability to diagnose zoonoses and make recommendations on how to prevent zoonotic infections. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Journal of Agromedicine, July-Sep. 2009, Vol.14, No.3, p.306-311. 12 ref.
Hannerz H., Tüchsen F., Holbaek Pedersen B., Dyreborg J., Rugulies R., Albertsen K.
Work-relatedness of mood disorders in Denmark
All employed persons in Denmark 20-59 years in 2001 were followed until 2005 for hospital admissions for mood disorders. Gender-stratified standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were calculated by industry. A total of 10,731 cases of mood disorder were observed among women and 8,305 among men. There were four industries among women and 13 among men that showed elevated SIR. A substantial proportion of mood disorders among working people can be regarded as work-related.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2009, Vol.35, No.4, p.294-300. 45 ref.
Pejtersen J.H., Kristensen T.S.
The development of the psychosocial work environment in Denmark from 1997 to 2005
The aim of the study was to evaluate trends in the psychosocial work environment in Denmark from 1997-2005. The analyses were based on two national questionnaire surveys of randomly-selected employees who completed the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. Quality of leadership and social support from supervisors were the only dimensions that saw improvements. The negative developments were: higher work pace; less work control; less possibilities for development; less meaning of work; more role conflicts; decreased role clarity; reduced sense of community; less social support from colleagues; increased conflicts at work; more threats of violence; more slander and gossip.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2009, Vol.35, No.4, p.284-293. 49 ref.
Berset M., Semmer N.K., Elfering A., Amstad F.T., Jacobshagen N.
Work characteristics as predictors of physiological recovery on weekends
This study investigated whether work characteristics predict physiological recovery on a rest day. Some researchers have indeed hypothesized that high demands and low control at work would lead to higher cortisol values and thus poor recovery on a rest day. A total of 69 individuals participated in this study. Data were collected by means of questionnaires and analyses of salivary cortisol on two workdays and on a subsequent Sunday (rest day). Data were subjected to multiple regression analyses. It was found that individuals with less job control had higher cortisol levels and consequently poorer recovery on the rest day than those with more control. Neither job demands nor the interaction of demands and control predicted a change in cortisol levels from workday to rest day. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2009, Vol.35, No.3, p.188-192. 28 ref.
Siegrist J., Wege N., Pühlhofer F., Wahrendorf M.
A short generic measure of work stress in the era of globalization: Effort-reward imbalance
This study evaluates the psychometric properties of a short version of the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) questionnaire. It was tested on a representative sample of 10,698 employed men and women in Germany. Structural equation modeling and logistic regression analysis were applied. In addition to satisfactory internal consistency of scales, a model representing the theoretical structure of the scales provided the best data fit in a competitive test. Scoring high on the ERI scales was associated with elevated risks of poor self-rated health. This short version of the ERI questionnaire reveals satisfactory psychometric properties, and can be recommended for further use in research and practice.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Aug. 2009, Vol.82, No.8, p.1005-1013. Illus. 38 ref.
Magnusson Hanson L.L., Theorell T., Bech P., Rugulies R., Burr H., Hyde M., Oxenstierna G., Westerlund H.
Psychosocial working conditions and depressive symptoms among Swedish employees
To investigate prospective associations between working conditions and depressive symptoms in Swedish men and women, a representative sample of 5985 gainfully employed Swedes 16-64 years of age was surveyed by means of a questionnaire on work demands, decision authority, and support and conflicts. Depressive symptoms were recorded by a short version of the depression subscale of the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90). Data were subjected to linear regression analyses. Depressive symptoms were found to be associated with conflicts with fellow workers among men. Other important associations included decision authority in both men and women, job demands in men and support from fellow workers in women.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Aug. 2009, Vol.82, No.8, p.951-960. 52 ref.
Tsutsumi A., Nagami M., Yoshikawa T., Kogi K., Kawakami N.
Participatory intervention for workplace improvements on mental health and job performance among blue-collar workers: A cluster randomized controlled trial
To explore the effect of participatory intervention for workplace improvement on mental health and job performance, 11 assembly lines were randomly allocated to six intervention and five control lines (47 and 50 workers, respectively). Participants were surveyed by means of questionnaires at baseline and at the end of the intervention. General Health Questionnaire scores significantly deteriorated in the control group, whereas the score remained at the same level in the intervention group. Health and Work Performance Questionnaire scores increased in the intervention group, but decreased in the control group. Participatory intervention for workplace improvement appears effective against deterioration in mental health and for improving job performance.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 2009, Vol.51, No.5, p.554-563. Illus. 46 ref.
Strong L.L., Thompson B., Koepsell T.D., Meischke H., Coronado G.D.
Reducing the take-home pathway of pesticide exposure: Behavioral outcomes from the Para Niños Saludables study
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the effectiveness of community interventions in promoting behaviours to reduce exposure of farmworkers' families to pesticides. Farmworker households in Washington State were divided into 11 intervention and 12 comparison communities to examine differences over time in reported pesticide safety practices. Pesticide safety practices improved in both intervention and comparison communities over time, but there were several further modest improvements in certain behaviors among the intervention community of farmworkers. Further research is needed to identify successful strategies for reducing the exposure of farmworkers' families to pesticides taken home.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 2009, Vol.51, No.8, p.922-933. Illus. 49 ref.
Rugulies R., Aust B., Siegrist J., von dem Knesebeck O., Bültmann U., Bjorner J.B., Burr H.
Distribution of effort-reward imbalance in Denmark and its prospective association with a decline in self-rated health
To analyze the distribution of effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and to investigate its impact on self-rated health in a representative sample of the Danish workforce, a group of 4977 employees were surveyed by means of a questionnaire in 2000, and 3470 responded to a follow-up survey in 2005. The highest (most unfavorable) ERI ratio was found among executives in the public sector, social workers, managing clerks in the public sector and medical secretaries. A one standard deviation increase of the ERI ratio predicted a 12% decline in self-rated health after adjustment for all covariates.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 2009, Vol.51, No.8, p.870-878. Illus. 42 ref.
Kriegbaum M., Christensen U., Lund R., Osler M.
Job losses and accumulated number of broken partnerships increase risk of premature mortality in Danish men born in 1953
To investigate how accumulation of job losses and broken partnerships affect the risk of premature mortality, a cohort of 9789 Danish men born in 1953 were followed-up between the ages of 40 and 51. The adjusted hazard rates for premature mortality was 1.44 for individuals with one job loss, 1.55 for individuals with one broken partnership, and 2.15 for individuals with two or more broken partnerships. These findings are discussed.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 2009, Vol.51, No.6, p.708-713. Illus. 35 ref.
Peretti-Watel P., Constance J., Seror V., Beck F.
Working conditions, job dissatisfaction and smoking behaviours among French clerks and manual workers
The objective of this study was to examine the relationships between working conditions, job dissatisfaction and smoking behaviours among clerks and manual workers in France. Data were collected by means of a cross-sectional telephone survey conducted among a random sample of 4825 full-time workers. Manual workers and clerks who reported strong dissatisfaction toward unhealthy working conditions also reported more frequent current smoking, tobacco addiction, potential alcohol dependence and perceived stress. After adjusting for socio-demographic confounders, perceived working conditions and job dissatisfaction remained correlated with smoking and tobacco dependence.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2009, Vol.51, No.3, p.343-350. 47 ref.
Lee M.S., Paek D., Eum K.D., Siegrist J., Li J., Lee H.E., Cho S.I.
Paternal work stress and prolonged time to pregnancy
The aim of this study was to explore an association between psychosocial stress at work in married men and their spouses' prolonged time to pregnancy (TTP). All married male workers of a large Korean petrochemical enterprise and their wives fulfilling the selection criteria were included. Data were available from 322 couples. Psychosocial stress at work was measured by the effort-reward imbalance questionnaire. In the chronically stressed group, delayed TTP was associated with an elevated imbalance between effort and reward (OR 0.47). A similar but somewhat weaker effect was found for the overall group (OR 0.67).
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan. 2009, Vol.82, No.2, p.209-216. Illus. 53 ref.
Halvani G.H., Zare M., Hobobati H.
The fatigue of workers of Iran Central Iron Ore Company in Yazd
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the relationship between fatigue and job satisfaction. Subjects were workers of an iron ore mine in Iran. Fatigue was measured using Iranian version of Piper Fatigue Scale questionnaire, while job satisfaction was estimated with the job satisfaction scale. The overall incidence of severe fatigue was high and there was a significant relationship between total fatigue and its sub-dimensions, and the job satisfaction of workers. Implications of these findings are discussed.
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 2009, Vol.22, No.1, p.19-26. Illus. 32 ref.
Carmody M., Winder C.
Use of personal protective equipment in the wet cement trades in the NSW construction industry
This article presents observational data regarding the personal protective equipment (PPE) worn by 612 workers observed across 84 residential construction sites throughout the Greater Sydney, Australia, area during the 18 months leading up to the Sydney Olympic Games. Bricklayers, floorlayers, renderers and concreters demonstrated a greater than 60% level of compliance in the wearing of PPE. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 2009, Vol.25, No.3, p.197-208. Illus. 23 ref.
Gilliver M., Williams W.
Noise exposure and the construction industry
This study looked at the perceptions of and attitudes to noise exposure reduction at several large construction sites in Australia. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 98 workers to identify what is currently being done and what could be improved. Although workers generally demonstrated good awareness of OHS and noise-related issues, knowledge of the problem does not necessarily translate into effective behaviour change. Workers' behaviour was explored with respect to the Health Belief Model, and suggestions are made on how to build on an existing safety culture to further reduce noise exposure.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 2009, Vol.25, No.3, p.187-196. 19 ref.
Burgus S.K., Madsen M.D., Sanderson W.T., Rautiainen R.H.
Youths operating all-terrain vehicles - Implications for safety education
All-terrain vehicle (ATV) use has increased in recent years. ATV injuries and deaths have also increased, particularly among youth. This article describes a survey taken during a farming convention aimed at identifying safety-related behaviors, injuries, and effects of ATV safety training among youth. There were 624 participants aged 12 to 20 with a median age of 16; 56% were male and 69% lived on a farm. Data were collected on whether or not the young persons had received safety training, took passengers, wore helmets, drove on unpaved roads and had been involved in accidents. Gender differences were found in behaviors and injury rates (males 37%, females 20%). ATV safety training appears to improve behaviours. Gender differences in operation, behaviors and injuries should be considered in ATV safety training.
Journal of Agromedicine, 2nd Quarter 2009, Vol.14, No.2, p.97-104. 16 ref.
Grabowski M., You Z., Zhou Z., Song H., Steward M., Steward B.
Human and organizational error data challenges in complex, large-scale systems
In complex, large-scale systems, event analyses are constrained by the quality of the gathered data, the maturity of the associated reporting system, and the training and background of the investigator. Such constraints place limits on the adequacy and strength of analyses conducted with the data. This article focuses on the challenges of measuring performance variability in complex systems. It presents an overview of human and organizational error assessments and introduces the particular challenges of data needs in human reliability analyses. A case study of human and organizational error analysis in a complex, large-scale system, marine transportation in inland waterways in the northwestern United States, is used to illustrate data challenges in risk assessment processes.
Safety Science, Oct. 2009, Vol.47, No.8, p.1185-1194. Illus. 40 ref.
Mohaghegh Z., Mosleh A.
Incorporating organizational factors into probabilistic risk assessment of complex socio-technical systems: Principles and theoretical foundations
This article proposes a set of principles for organizational safety risk analysis based on probabilistic risk assessment, which are then applied to the development of a safety risk framework which formally integrates the technical system risk models with the social (safety culture and safety climate) and structural (safety practices) aspects of safety prediction models. It also provides a theoretical basis for the integration.
Safety Science, Oct. 2009, Vol.47, No.8, p.1139-1158. Illus. 115 ref.
The relationship between culture and safety on offshore supply vessels
The article examines the relationship between culture and safety on offshore supply vessels in the Norwegian petroleum sector, relying on both qualitative and quantitative data. The analysis makes a general description of cultural traits, epitomized through the notion of "good seamanship", and discusses the way these traits influence safety. Findings show a great deal of friction between aspects of culture and aspects of structure. In particular, there appear to be incompatibilities between the occupational culture on the vessels and the strict rule-based safety management approaches of the petroleum industry. The role of inter-group asymmetries in power and status in the definition of what constitutes safe working conditions are highlighted. Finally, whether culture can (and should) be changed is discussed.
Safety Science, Oct. 2009, Vol.47, No.8, p.1118-1128. 69 ref.
Costella F.M., Abreu Saurin T., Buarque de Macedo Guimarães L.
A method for assessing health and safety management systems from the resilience engineering perspective
This article introduces an innovative method for assessing health and safety management systems. It brings together the structural approach, the operational approach and the performance approach. It takes into account the resilience engineering perspective, based on four factors (flexibility, learning, awareness and top management commitment). The method was tested in a case study carried out in a factory producing automobile exhaust systems in Brazil.
Safety Science, Oct. 2009, Vol.47, No.8, p.1056-1067. Illus. 38 ref.
Ma Q., Yuan J.
Exploratory study on safety climate in Chinese manufacturing enterprises
The safety climate of manufacturing enterprises as well as the differences in safety climate between large enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) were examined in a survey of over 1000 employees working in 144 enterprises in eastern China. The safety climate level that the employees' perceived was rather low overall. Differences in mean scores of total safety climate, factors composing the safety climate, and items to measure this climate between large enterprises and SMEs were statistically significant. Among all the factors, the most important difference between large enterprises and SMEs was the employees' perception of safety training, followed by management support.
Safety Science, Aug. 2009, Vol.47, No.7, p.1043-1046. Illus. 25 ref.
Burt C.D.B., Chmiel N., Hayes P.
Implications of turnover and trust for safety attitudes and behaviour in work teams
This study investigated the safety-specific trust which team members place in their organization's selection and induction processes for new hires, and related this to the perceived risk from new employees. The research was conducted with teams working in forest harvesting, an occupation which has high-turnover, high risk and a high accident rate. Results indicate that trust in induction processes was negatively correlated with perceived risk from a new employee. Team members also engaged in a number of safety ensuring behaviours when a new individual joined the team, and these were related to the level of perceived risk, and how much they cared about their team members' safety. It is argued that trust in the safety-specific characteristics of an organization's selection and induction process may have negative consequences for safety.
Safety Science, Aug. 2009, Vol.47, No.7, p.1002-1006. 44 ref.
Høivik D., Moen B.E., Mearns K., Haukelid K.
An explorative study of health, safety and environment culture in a Norwegian petroleum company
This article reports a qualitative interview study on safety culture, involving 31 employees, with and without leadership responsibility, employed in a Norwegian petroleum company. Findings are discussed.
Safety Science, Aug. 2009, Vol.47, No.7, p.992-1001. Illus. 35 ref.
Fernández-Muñiz B., Montes-Peón J.M., Vázquez-Ordás C.J.
Relation between occupational safety management and firm performance
The objective of this study was to identify good practices in safety management, and analyse the effect of these practices on a set of indicators of organizational performance. It firstly involved an extensive literature survey, followed by the definition of a series of hypotheses. The resulting model was then tested on a sample of 455 Spanish firms. Findings show that safety management has a positive influence on safety performance, competitiveness and financial performance. It provides evidence of the compatibility between worker protection and corporate competitiveness.
Safety Science, Aug. 2009, Vol.47, No.7, p.980-991. Illus. 101 ref.
Safety is the antonym of risk for some perspectives of risk
Safety is closely related to risk, but does it extend beyond the realm of risk? Is safety just the antonym of risk, or the same as acceptable risk? This issue has been given due attention in the literature and in this paper explores how different perspectives of risk affect the relationship between safety and risk. If risk is defined as an expected value or as a measure of the probability and severity of adverse effects, the conclusions would be different than if the essential component of risk is uncertainty. For risk understood as uncertainty about and severity of the consequences of an activity, it is argued that safe means acceptable risk. Three dimensions of safety are discussed; events and their consequences, probability and uncertainty.
Safety Science, Aug. 2009, Vol.47, No.7, p.925-930. 31 ref.
Munch-Hansen T., Wieclaw J., Agerbo E., Westergaard-Nielsen N., Rosenkilde M., Bonde J.P.
Sickness absence and workplace levels of satisfaction with psychosocial work conditions at public service workplaces
The objective of this study was to examine the impact of psychosocial work conditions on sickness absence. Participants were 13,437 public services employees in a region of Denmark. Satisfaction with psychosocial work conditions was rated on a scale from 0 to 10. Analysis of variance was used to compare the average number of days of yearly sickness absence in three groups with different levels of satisfaction with psychosocial work conditions. Sickness absence was 30.8% lower in the most satisfied group (11.7 days/year) than in the least satisfied group (16.9 days/year). It is concluded that satisfaction with psychosocial work conditions has a strong and independent impact on sickness absence.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 2009, Vol.52, No.2, p.153-161. Illus. 32 ref.
Cohidon C., Imbernon E., Goldberg M.
Prevalence of common mental disorders and their work consequences in France, according to occupational category
The aims of the study were to estimate the prevalence of the common mental disorders according to occupational category in France and to describe the consequences of these disorders on their work. The study was carried out from 1999 to 2003. The sample consisted of approximately 36,000 persons aged 18 years and older. Data were collected using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Anxiety disorders were most common (in 17% of men and 26% of women), followed by mood disorders (in 10% of men and 14% of women). Prevalences of disorders were consistently higher among those in the lowest occupational categories. Among those reporting mental disorders, about 50% said that their work was affected. The repercussions on the job varied by occupational category and differently for men and women. Implications of these findings are discussed.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 2009, Vol.52, No.2, p.141-152. 49 ref.
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