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Hand and arm protection - 254 entries found

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  • Hand and arm protection

1986

CIS 86-739 Estlander T., Jolanki R., Kanerva L.
Dermatitis and urticaria from rubber and plastic gloves
Analysis of 542 cases of allergic occupational glove dermatosis diagnosed in Finland during 1974-1983. Among these, 68 (12.5%) were caused by rubber or plastic gloves. Two patients had contact urticaria due to rubber gloves. Gloves were the main cause of occupational allergic rubber eczema, including 63 (58.3%) of 108 rubber eczema cases: 38 of them had positive reactions to rubber chemicals and glove material, 14 to glove material only, and 11 to rubber chemicals. Five cases of allergic eczema from plastic gloves were diagnosed by a provocation test. Epicutaneous testing with material of natural rubber gloves and rubber chemicals was negative. The present study shows that allergy to rubber gloves is usual, while allergy to plastic gloves is rare. Thus, plastic gloves should be used, when possible. Patch testing with protective gloves should always be used when patients develop prolonged hand dermatitis and where the possibility of glove eczema exists.
Contact Dermatitis, Jan. 1986, Vol.14, No.1, p.20-25. 22 ref.

1985

CIS 88-917 Conde-Salazar L., Romero L.V., Guimaraens D., González M., Harto A.
Protection with gloves
Protección con guantes/Protección con guantes [in Spanish]
Comparative study of different types of protective gloves and of their effectiveness and suitability (regarding the type of work to be performed, resistance and permeability of the material used, the sensitivity of the person going to use them, etc.). The following main glove materials are covered: leather, rubber, plastic materials and cloth (linen or cotton).
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, July-Sep. 1985, Vol.32, No.128, p.59-64. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 87-386
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam
Polymer-coated materials for hand and arm protection - Method for determining total thermal resistance [USSR]
Materialy s polimernym pokrytiem dlja sredstv zaščity ruk. Metod opredelenija summarnogo teplovogo soprotivlenija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1987) establishes a method to be used for determining the total thermal resistance of polymer-coated materials for arm and hand protection in the range 0-100°C. The method is based on measurement of the temperature drop across a sample fixed to a heated support. Contents: method of sample selection, test equipment, preparation for testing and testing, treatment of results, safety requirements.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 6p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 87-58
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam
Polymeric sheet materials for hand and arm protection - Method for determination of abrasion resistance [USSR]
Materialy plenočnye polimernye dlja sredstv zaščity ruk. Metod opredelenija ustojčivosti k istiraniju [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1987) establishes a method for determining the abrasion resistance of materials and products made from natural or synthetic latex, rubber cement or PVC with or without fabric reinforcement. The method is based on measurement of the number of rotations of the abrasive head of the testing device that will produce a hole in the fabric. Contents: method of sample selection, apparatus and material, preparation for testing, testing, evaluation of results, a form for official reporting of the measurement.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 6p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 87-41
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam
Polymeric materials for hand and arm protection - Method for determination of permeability to petroleum and petroleum products [USSR]
Sredstva zaščity ruk iz polimerov. Metod opredelenija pronicaemosti nefti i nefteproduktov [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1988) establishes a method of luminescent defectoscopy. A glove is filled with transformer oil or high-sulfur petroleum and illuminated with a mercury lamp to detect any leak in the glove. Contents: sample selection, test equipment and reagents, preparation for testing and testing, treatment of results, safety requirements.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per. 3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 4p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-1110 Šulakov N.A., Božefatov A.S., Jasnecov V.S.
Film-forming solution of polyvinyl alcohol for protecting the skin of workers in glass fibre-reinforced plastics production
Plenkoobrazujuščij rastvor polivinilovogo spirta dlja zaščity koži rabočih stekloplastikovogo proizvodstva [in Russian]
A solution made by dissolving 50mL polyvinyl alcohol in 40mL glycerin and 910mL distilled water dries to form a film that resists acetone, ethyl alcohol and several trade-named glues and cements. When 2-3mL of the solution is rubbed over the hands and wrists, the barrier that is formed after 1-1.5min lasts for up to 24h.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Feb. 1985, No.2, p.58-59. 5 ref.

CIS 86-779
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Asbestos fabrics for hand and arm protection - Method for determination of abrasion resistance
Tkani asbestovye dlja sredstv zaščity ruk - Metod ispytanija na ustojčivost' k istiraniju [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1987) establishes a method for determination of abrasion resistance of asbestos fabrics for hand and arm protection from high temperature. The method is based on determination of the number of rotations of the abrasive head of the testing device that will produce a hole in the fabric. Contents: method of sample selection, apparatus and materials, safety requirements, preparation for testing, testing, evaluation of results.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per. 3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 3p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-776
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Synthetic leather - Method for determining mould resistance
Koža iskusstvennaja - Metody opredelenija gribostojkosti [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1986) establishes a method for determining the mould resistance of synthetic leather for industrial and domestic hand and arm protection. Samples are inoculated with mould spores (9 species are specified) and placed in incubators. Mould growth after 14-28 days is ranked on a 6-ball scale. The method is also used for determining the protection effectiveness of fungicides. Contents: method of sample selection, testing equipment, materials, reagents, preparation for testing and testing, treatment of results, safety requirements. A method of transferring mould from polyvinyl chloride films is appended.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 6p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-770 Jepsen J.R., Jørgensen A.S., Kyst A.
Hand protection for car-painters
In a single blind cross-over study, the skin compatibility and comfort of cotton inner gloves were compared with a special astringent cream in 64 car painters: 38 painters preferred cream under disposable polyethylene gloves, while 20 preferred cotton gloves under polyethylene gloves. The difference was not statistically significant. Persons with a tendency to excessive perspiration tended to prefer cotton inner gloves. Creams offered as an alternative to inner gloves should not contain sensitising components.
Contact Dermatitis, Nov. 1985, Vol.13, No.5, p.317-320. 4 ref.

CIS 86-314 Flexible insulating protective equipment for electrical workers
This data sheet is a guide to the selection, care, inspection, testing, storage and use of flexible electrical insulating equipment for electrical workers. This includes rubber gloves and sleeves, rubber insulating blankets, line hoses and covers.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1985. 19p. Illus. 1 ref.

CIS 86-496 Mellström G.
Protective effect of gloves - compiled in a data base
The Occupational Dermatology Unit of the Research Department of the Swedish National Board of Occupational Safety and Health has compiled information on protective gloves and organised the information as a microcomputer data base. The base comprises 5 files: a product file (names and specifications of about 250 gloves on the Swedish market), a manufacturer file (names and addresses of Swedish distributers), a chemical resistance file (permeation data, experimental conditions), a medical report file (clinical, experimental and workplace studies) and a reference file (sources of information in the other files). The data base is not presently accessible from outside the institution, but data can be requested by mail or telephone.
Contact Dermatitis, Sep. 1985, Vol.13, No.3, p.162-165. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 85-1990 Perkins J.L., Tippit A.D.
Use of three-dimensional solubility parameter to predict glove permeation
Values for the 3-dimensional solubility parameter obtained by this method are reported for 10 polymers. New developments regarding this parameter, its relation to glove selection and its limitations are discussed.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1985, Vol.46, No.8, p.455-459. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 85-1576 Lined mitts for protection against vibration white finger
Description of tests carried out in accordance with ISO Standard 5349 by the British Steel Corporation Sheffield Laboratories in the United Kingdom on the degree of isolation from vibration afforded by "Sorbothane" mitts supplied by the Leyland and Birmingham Rubber Co. Ltd. Measurements made on the handles of pneumatic chipping hammers showed a vibration reduction of about 85% in the frequency range 500Hz-1kHz.
Noise and Vibration Control, May 1985, Vol.16, No.5, p.146-149. Illus.

CIS 85-1398 Dillon L.G., Obasuyi E.
Permeation of hexane through Butyl Nomex
The permeation rate of hexane through the polymeric material Butyl Nomex was determined at 22.5°C and 45°C using an ASTM cell and a gas chromatograph. Breakthrough times were 21 min at 22.5°C and 10 min at 45°C. Steady-state flow through the material was 0.095µg/cm2.sec at 22.5°C and 0.37µg/cm2.sec at 45°C.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, May 1985, Vol.46, No.5, p.233-235. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 85-1080 Berardinelli S.P., Hall R.
Site-specific whole glove chemical permeation
23 specific glove sites were monitored to determine breakthrough time using acetone as the challenge liquid and latex neoprene gloves. Breakthrough was faster at the thinnest part of the gloves (backs, palms and interstices between fingers). Fingertips exhibited the longest breakthrough times. The quality of chemical glove permeation testing could be improved by carrying it out only on glove back and palm samples.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1985, Vol.46, No.2, p.60-64. Illus. 9 ref.

1984

CIS 89-1991 Forsberg K., Gårdh R.
Development of protective gloves - A new mitten for wood-cutters
Utveckling av skyddshandskar - Ny handske för huggare [in Swedish]
Description of a new type of mitten for wood-cutters which has been developed in Sweden. The mittens are completely waterproof, but also allow the hands to "breathe", enabling some of the moisture from the hand to escape through the dorsal side of the mitten. The new properties are the result of combining a new type of GORE-TEX laminate with existing mittens. Since they keep hands comparatively dry, a reduction in skin complaints is likely among those having a history of cracked or chafed skin. The expected life of the mittens is at least two months and they can be washed without shrinking or losing their shape.
Kungl. Tekniska Högskolan, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden, June 1984. 14p. Illus.

CIS 87-453 Safronova N.A.
Protective clothing and safety footwear for workers of the chemical petroleum refining and petrochemical industries
Specodežda i specobuv' dlja rabotnikov himičeskoj, neftepererabatyvajuščej i neftehimičeskoj promyšlennosti [in Russian]
Aspects covered in this training manual: classification of personal protective equipment (clothing, shoes, boots, gloves, helmets, barrier creams) protecting against water, bases, acids, petroleum, petroleum products, heat, cold, static electricity, vibration, mechanical hazards, and explosion hazards; materials used for manufacturing, maintenance of personal protective equipment, a procedure for providing enterprises with this equipment.
Izdatel'stvo Himija, Stromynka 21, 107076 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 175p. Illus. 12 ref. Price: Rbl.0.55.

CIS 86-487
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Polymer-coated materials for protective clothing and hand and arm protection - Method for determining their resistance to acids and alkalis
Materialy s polimernym pokrytiem dlja special'noj odeždy i sredstv zaščity ruk - Metod opredelenija stojkosti k dejstviju kislot i ščeločej [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1986) applies to materials with polymeric coatings (synthetic leather and rubberized materials) and defines a method to be used for determining their resistance to alkalis and acids. The method is based on the measurment of rigidity and of resistance to abrasion and repeated bending. Contents: method of sampling; testing equipment; materials and reagents; preparation for testing and testing; treatment of results; safety requirements.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984, 4p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-484
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Synthetic leather for hand and arm protection - Method for determination of acid and alkali permeability
Iskusstvennye koži dlja sredstv zaščity ruk - Metod opredelenija pronicaemosti kislot i ščeločej [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1986) establishes a method to be used for determining the resistance of synthetic leather for hand and arm protection to alkalis and acids at different concentrations. The method is based on the measurement of the time required for these substances to penetrate a test sample. Contents: method of sampling, testing equipment, preparation for testing and testing, treatment of results, safety requirements.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 4p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-198
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Synthetic leather for hand and arm protection - Method for determining the resistance to cutting
Koža iskusstvennaja dlja sredstv zaščity ruk. Metod opredelenija soprotivlenija porezu [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1985) establishes the method to be used for determining the resistance of synthetic leather to cutting by a knife moving at constant speed. The resistance criterion is the ratio of the cutting load to the thickness of the sample. Contents: method of sample selection; test equipment; preparation for testing; method of testing; data handling; safety requirements.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984, 4p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 85-1999
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Elastomeric film materials for hand and arm protection - Method for determining the resistance to penetration by organic solvents
Materialy polimernye plenočnye dlja sredstv zažčity ruk - Metody opredelenija koėfficienta pronicaemosti organičeskih rastvoritelej [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1986) establishes gravimetric and gas chromatographic methods to be used for determining the penetration coefficient of organic solvents (benzene, acetone, chloroform, etc.) and covers all sorts of protective gloves. The gravimetric method is based on the measurement of the solvent mass that penetrates the sample. The gas chromatographic method is based on the measurement of the concentration of solvent that penetrates the sample, with subsequent thermal desorption. The application of the method and the penetration coefficient are governed by standards and technical documentation on the distinct types of material (non-reinforced latex or reinforced knitted fabric). The method is intended for the design of hand and arm protection equipment made from natural and synthetic latex. Contents: method of sample selection; test equipment; materials and reagents; preparation for testing; method of testing; evaluation of the results. A method for determining the calibration coefficient of the chromatograph is appended.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 10p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 85-1991 Rietschel R.L., Huggins R., Levy N., Pruitt P.M.
In vivo and in vitro testing of gloves for protection against UV-curable acrylate resin systems
In vitro permeation of a UV-curable urethane acrylate resin system through glove materials was greatest for latex and neoprene gloves and less for nitrile gloves. Permeation in vitro for the resin system took 480min. Individual components of the resin permeated more rapidly when tested separately than when in the formulated system. In-vivo 48-hour patch test data suggested that neither nitrile glove would be adequate for worker protection, but the in-vivo test exaggerated the duration of contact between resin, glove and skin. Both nitrile gloves provide adequate protection under use conditions, provided the gloves are not re-used within 8h.
Contact Dermatitis, Nov. 1984, Vol.11, No.5, p.279-282. 6 ref.

CIS 85-925 Hamilton M.
Footwear and gloves for electrical hazards
Contents of this data sheet: electrical hazards; insulating boots (soles made of rubber without conducting fillers such as carbon black are recommended); insulating gloves (British Standard 697 is recommended as a guideline on choice, use and maintenance of gloves); storage, maintenance and use of insulating footwear and gloves.
Industrial Safety Data File, Dec. 1984, p.I:4:1-I:4:5.

CIS 85-1081 Hand protection
Contents of this data sheet: statistics of hand and finger injuries; hazards (mechanical, chemical, dermatitis, cumulative trauma disorders); preventive measures; glove selection chart; first aid; pre-placement medical examinations.
Canada Safety Council, 1765 St. Laurent Bvd., Ottawa, Ontario K1G 3V4, Canada, 1984. 24p. Bibl.

CIS 85-488 Hamilton M., Vezey P.
Hands, feet and eyes
Causes of hand, foot and eye injuries are pointed out and various preventive measures and protective equipment are described.
Occupational Safety and Health, July 1984, Vol.14, No.7, p.8-18. Illus.

CIS 85-169 Mikatavage M., Que Hee S.S., Ayer H.E.
Permeation of chlorinated aromatic compounds through Viton and nitrile glove materials
The ASTM cell was used to measure the permeation of chloro-, o-dichloro- and m-dichlorobenzenes and o- and p-chlorotoluenes through Viton (unsupported) and nitrile (supported and unsupported) glove materials. The Viton glove did not show permeation, even after 4h, but the nitrile gloves showed breakthrough times of <1h. A permeation mechanism based on the data is proposed.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Sep. 1984, Vol.45, No.9, p.617-621. 24 ref.

CIS 85-166 Silkowski J.B., Horstman S.W., Morgan M.S.
Permeation through five commercially available glove materials by two pentachlorophenol formulations
5 glove materials (natural rubber, 2 PVC formulations, nitrile rubber, latex/neoprene) were tested for permeation by solutions of 4.3% pentachlorophenol (PCP) in diesel oil and 4.2% sodium pentachlorophenate (SPCP) in water. Nitrile rubber and one of the PVC materials resisted best to the diesel solution of PCP. The natural rubber material was the only one to perform poorly in contact with the SPCP solution. The breakthrough times and permeation rates are given for each brand of the gloves tested.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1984, Vol.45, No.8, p.501-504. 10 ref.

CIS 84-914 Courtney A., Ng M.K.
Hong Kong female hand dimensions and machine guarding
Anthropometric study carried out on 100 subjects. The 24 hand measurements taken were those thought to be of special importance for the design of machinery and machine guards. The dimensions were checked against 3 internationally used standards (CIS/ILO Information Sheet No.10, Dec. 1964; British Standard BS 3402: 1971; German Standard DIN 31001, Part 1, 1976). The British Standard provided the best protection but some caution should be excercised when applying standards based on European hand dimensions to other populations.
Ergonomics, Feb. 1984, Vol.27, No.2, p.187-193. Illus. 4 ref.

1983

CIS 86-1112 Christensen U.L.
Gloves - Safe/unsafe
Handsker - sikre/usikre [in Danish]
The 2-dimensional solubility parameters of 250 organic solvents compiled by the Scandinavian Paint and Printing Ink Research Institute were plotted on opaque sheets, and the glove material permeability data published by G.O. Nelson and others (American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Vol.42, p.217-225) were plotted on transparent overlays. By laying the overlay for a particular material over the solubility graph for a given group of solvents, one can immediately tell whether or not gloves made of the given material will provide adequate protection from the given solvents.
Institut for Arbeidsmiljö, Danmarks tekniske Höjskole, 2800 Lyngby, Denmark, Apr. 1983. 74p. + 6 overlays. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 85-1087
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Box gloves - General technical requirements
Perčatki kamernye - Obščie tehničeskie trebovanija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1984) covers all protective box gloves intended for work with aggressive, radioactive and toxic substances in protective chambers, boxes and fume hoods. It lays down technical requirements (such as inflatability, thickness, dimensions, weight, materials, etc.). A list of 2 types of box gloves and their uses, basic sizes, diagrammatic drawings and definitions are appended.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per. 3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1983. 5p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 85-1086
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Protective clothing, foot, leg, hand and arm protection - Classification
Odežda special'naja zaščitnaja, sredstva individual'noj zaščity nog i ruk - Klassifikacija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1984) covers all protective clothing, foot, leg, hand and arm protection with the exception of barrier creams. This equipment is classified according to: its protective effectiveness (against mechanical effects, high and low temperature, radioactive contamination, toxic substances, petroleum and petroleum products, mineral and fuel oils, electrostatic charges, etc.); types (sleeveless jackets, overcoats, raincoats, coveralls, suits, overalls, boots, shoes, gloves, sleevelets, gauntlets, wrist gloves, etc.). Foot and leg protective equipment includes equipment for one and several uses. Equipment definitions and their codes are tabulated.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per. 3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1983. 6p. Price: Rbl.0.05.

CIS 85-444 White I.R.
Preventing dermatitis - the uses of gloves and barrier creams
The causes and mechanism of contact dermatitis (both irritant and allergic) are discussed. The preventive methods of using gloves and barrier creams are outlined, with emphasis on the lack of preventive power of the latter.
Safety Practitioner, Apr. 1983, Vol.1, No.4, p.27-29. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 84-1956 Popov I., Dărlenski B., Mladenova S.
Occupational dermatoses among agricultural workers in green-house production of vegetables
Professionalni dermatozi sred selskostopanskite rabotnici v oranžerijnoto zelenčukoproisvodstvo [in Bulgarian]
During a prophylactic examination, occupational dermatoses and eczemas were found in 15 (12.93%) of 116 agricultural workers from green-house vegetable production. Occupational contact allergic dermatitis was found in 10. The insecticide Akrex was the most frequent etiological sensitisation factor. Polyethylene gloves are recommended for personal protection.
Higiena i zdraveopazvane, 1983, Vol.26, No.3, p.214-217. 12 ref.

CIS 84-1702 Mellström G.
Protective gloves and barrier creams
Skyddshandskar och barriärkrämer [in Swedish]
Report in 3 parts: 1. Compilation of the literature on the protective and biological effects of protective gloves (plastic and rubber) and of barrier creams. 2. Test results of the various protective gloves and barrier creams available in Sweden. 3. Presentation, in tabular format, of the appropriate protective glove and barrier cream as a function of chemical and exposure time.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1983. 156, 18 and 66p. Illus. 198 ref.

CIS 84-1404 Berardinelli S.P., Mickelsen R.L., Roder M.M.
Chemical protective clothing: a comparison of chemical permeation test cells and direct-reading instruments
Two chemical permeation cells have been tested by measuring the permeation of acetone through unsupported Neoprene rubber. Breakthrough time was detected with a gas chromatograph with a flame ionisation detector (FID), a portable Beckman Model 400 total hydrocarbon analyser (FID) and an H-NU PI-101 portable photoionisation detector (PID). Breakthrough times obtained from combinations of the two cells and the various detectors were all similar. However, the two cells yielded comparable steady-state permeation rates only with the PID detector.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Dec. 1983, Vol.44, No.12, p.886-889. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 84-1400 Sperling L., Jonsson B., Holmér I.
Hand function and hand protection in work with gloves
Handfunktion och handskydd vid arbete med handskar [in Swedish]
Aspects covered are: functional anatomy and grip function of the hands; requirements for protective gloves for optimal function and comfort; physiology of the hand and effect of climate on heat regulation; cold protection properties; protection against hazardous chemicals by plastic or rubber gloves; skin damage caused by use of gloves; development of a programme for functional evaluation of work and protective gloves; subjective climatic comfort of gloves with and without mitts of various fibrous materials; development and evaluation of divers' gloves. A theme that recurs throughout the survey is the difficulty of optimising protective function without impairing hand function.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1983. 100p. Illus. 78 ref.

CIS 84-1098 Neitmann H.
Metal mesh for protection against cut and puncture wounds
Metallgeflechte zum Schutz gegen Schnitt- und Stichverletzungen [in German]
A review of the types of metal mesh (chain and plate mail) used in aprons, gloves and sleeves for protection against cuts, and of the design and testing of aprons and gloves. Such equipment is used not only in the meatpacking industry and butcher shops, but also in large kitchens, and in working with plastics, textiles, leather and woody plants.
Die BG, 1983, No.3, p.124-130. Illus.

CIS 84-1042 Vézina N., Beauvais A., Mergler D.
Warts: an occupational disease
Les verrues: une maladie professionnelle [in French]
The aim of this survey was to evaluate the prevalence of warts among workers in 8 poultry slaughterhouses in Quebec and to determine the specific environmental factors that could favour the development and propagation of the viruses causing warts. The distribution by age, seniority and sex of those responding to the questionnaire (569) was similar to that of those sent the questionnaire (1194). The prevalence of warts among the workers was 28.5% (Papilloma virus), while only 5.9% had warts before their employment in slaughterhouses. In the general population, the prevalence of warts is between 7 and 10%, with a peak around the age of 14 years. In poultry slaughterhouses, the highest incidence (38.17%) occurs among workers of 25-29 years. Among workers with 4-6 years of seniority, the incidence is 40.6%. Factors significantly associated with warts are: high humidity, wearing of steel-mesh gloves that were too large, work with saws and the handling of cold objects.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1983, Vol.44, No.8, p.551-558. Illus. 26 ref.

CIS 83-2019 Bennett R.D., Feigley C.E., Oswald E.O., Hill R.H.
The permeation by liquefied coal of gloves used in coal liquefaction pilot plants
Breakthrough times and cumulative permeation for exposure to toluene and to liquefied coal were determined by measurement of radiolabelled phenol tracer in the aqueous receiving medium. On exposure to liquefied coal, the nitrile gloves resisted breakthrough the longest (12-14h). Breakthrough times for other gloves (PVC, natural rubber) ranged from 2.75 to 6.5h. However, when normalised for thickness, both PVC materials tested were more resistant than rubber. Results of the tests with toluene agreed with the findings of other studies. Evaluation of a laundering method showed that it did not completely decontaminate samples of PVC glove material pre-exposed to liquefied coal for 24h.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, June 1983, Vol.44, No.6, p.447-452. Illus. 13 ref.

1982

CIS 88-940 Risvig Henriksen H.
Selection of materials for protective gloves - Polymer membranes for protection against contact with epoxy products
Udvælgelse af materialer til beskyttelseshandsker - Polymermembraner til værn mod kontakt med epoxyprodukter [in Danish]
Report intended to be used as a guide to the selection of the most resistant protective gloves (and polymer materials for manufacturing gloves) by means of an initial comparison of the 3-dimensional solubility parameter of the hazardous substance with the corresponding parameters of polymer materials. The practical use of the method is exemplified by the selection of materials for making protective gloves with minimal permeability to constituents of epoxy preparations. A key-word list and a list of research institutions in this field are appended.
Arbejdstilsynet, Direktoratet, Landskronagade 33-35, 2100 København, Denmark, 2nd ed., 1982. 57p. Illus. 38 ref.

CIS 85-1390
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Polymeric film materials and synthetic leather for hand and arm protection - Method for determining the resistance to puncture
Plenočnye polimernye materialy i iskusstvennye koži dlja sredstv zaščity ruk. Metod opredelenija stojkosti k prokolu [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1984) establishes a method to be used for determining the resistance to puncture of polymeric film materials and synthetic leather for making hand and arm protection equipment. The method is based on the measurement of the puncturing load exerted by a needle moving at constant speed. Contents: sample selection, test equipment, preparation for testing, method of testing, safety requirements.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1982. 3p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 84-1092
(Deutsches Institut für Normung)
Protective gloves
Schutzhandschuhe [in German]
This is Part 3 of the standard on protective gloves against heat, based on the 1968 law regarding technical working equipment. It covers: scope of the standard, designation, safety requirements, tests (particularly of heat and fire behaviour), marking. Applicable standards are listed. Commentary.
Beuth Verlag GmbH, Burggrafenstrasse 4-7, D-1000 Berlin 30, Mar. 1982. 3p. Illus. Price: DM.25.40.

CIS 84-848 Protective gloves of high-molecular-weight polymers [German Democratic Republic]
Arbeitsschutzhandschuhe aus Hochpolymeren [in German]
This part of a standard specifies the characteristics required of lined rubber protective gloves: sizes, protective effectiveness, dimensions, physical characteristics, impermeability, testing conditions, permissible manufacturing defects, marking, storage.
Verlag für Standardisierung, Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, Mar. 1982. 3p. Illus.

CIS 84-784 Kaniwa M., Kojima S., Nakamura A., Ishihara M.
Chemical approach to contact dermatitis caused by household products - I. N-isopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine in heavy duty rubber gloves
Patch testing with 3 kinds of rubber gloves and various rubber additives on a subject who had developed allergic contact dermatitis while wearing heavy duty rubber gloves revealed a sensitivity to N-isopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (IPPD). Reactions continued for 2 weeks. Chemical analysis showed that gloves contained IPPD and styrenated phenol (SP) at 177 and 1600µg/g, respectively. Reactivity to styrenated phenol was not tested. The IPPD additive was considered to be the causative agent.
Journal of Hygienic Chemistry - Eisei Kagaku, June 1982, Vol.28, No.3, p.137-145. Illus. 15 ref.

CIS 84-524 Cuckov M.E., Brajnina M.L., Ardasenov V.N., Novožilova I.S., Čubarova A.V.
Development of means of protecting the hands against organic solvents
Razrabotka sredstv zaščity ruk ot organičeskih rastvoritelej [in Russian]
Description of the development and properties of protective gloves made from aqueous solutions of polyvinyl alcohol. The gloves are suitable for work with organic solvents, lacquers, paints, and polyester and epoxy resins.
Published in: Kompleksnoe rešenie voprosov ohrany truda, Profizdat, ul. Kirova 13, 10100 Moskva, USSR, 1982. p.28-33. Illus. Price: Rbl.2.20 (whole volume).

CIS 84-218 Risvig Henriksen H.
Materials for protective gloves
Materialer til beskyttelseshandsker [in Danish]
Contents of this report: chemical products and resistance of rubber or plastic sheet to them (skin contact, permeability values, experimental data on penetration times, diffusion coefficient and rate of saturation, resistance to chemicals); rubber or plastic sheet for protection against epoxides (choice of materials, experimental methods and results); conclusions (laminated sheet with a layer of vinyl alcohol-ethylene copolymer sandwiched between layers of polyethylene offers the best protection against epoxides and solvents). An appendix includes diagrams, a bibliography on protective gloves, and an alphabetical index.
Arbejdstilsynet, Rosenvængets Allé 16-18, 2100 København, Denmark, 1982. 57p. Illus. 168 ref. Price: Dan.cr.25.00.

CIS 83-1870 Christ E.
Use of protective gloves to reduce vibrations affecting the hands and the arms
Geringere Hand-Arm-Schwingungsbelastung durch Schutzhandschuhe? [in German]
Air pockets were inserted into the surface of protective gloves, with the purpose of reducing vibratory effects of percussion and hammer drills and other vibrating tools. No such reduction was observed.
Die BG, 1982, No.8, p.458-461. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 83-1671 Naruse M., Matsushita T., Aoyama M.
Causes of contact dermatitis from leather work gloves
A group of electricians wearing leather work gloves in summer developed contact dermatitis between the thumb and forefinger. Animal tests revealed a skin reaction to an extract of the glove which was greatest at low pH and high trivalent chromium (Cr) content. An acid saline solution and a test solution containing acid and trivalent Cr also produced skin reactions. Reactions obtained with the glove extract were stronger on broken skin. The dermatitis was caused by both physical irritation of the skin and the sweat-based leather glove extract containing Cr at low pH.
Nagoya Medical Journal, Mar. 1982, Vol.26, No.4, p.199-208. Illus. 11 ref.

CIS 83-539 Bengtsson A., Elnäs S., Forsberg K., Holmér I., Sperling L.
Study of hand microclimate when using an inner glove inside polymer safety gloves
Studie av mikroklimatet kring handen vid användning av innervantar och polymera skyddshandskar [in Swedish]
The factors affecting hand microclimate in the use of rubber safety gloves worn together with various types of inner glove (size of rubber glove; cotton, polyester or nylon inner gloves) were studied. An electrically heated model hand was used to determine heat transfer through the inner and outer glove, which was found to depend on inner glove thickness and the size of the outer glove. Moisture absorbed in a cotton inner glove increased heat transfer more than that absorbed by synthetic fabric inner gloves. Humidity increased more slowly with a cotton inner glove than with a synthetic fibre one. Subjective evaluation of climate comfort showed that cotton inner gloves were felt to be cooler, dryer and more comfortable than polyester gloves.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, 17184 Solna, Sweden, 1982. 29p. Illus. 4 ref.

1981

CIS 83-789 Forsberg K., Linnarson A., Olsson K.G., Sperling L.
Development of protective gloves. Work with solvents in intaglio and offset printing. Development of new products and new testing methods.
Utveckling av skyddshandskar. Arbete med lösningsmedel i djup- och offsettryck. Utveckling av nya produkter och ny provmetodik [in Swedish]
Description of a study of 17 types of safety gloves intended for use by printers working with solvents. Sections of the report cover: characteristics of various polymer materials used in safety gloves; permeability; hand grip when using safety gloves; comfort; requirements for glove last design; test methods (permeation studies, manual function and comfort evaluation, bending resistance); tests on combinations of new materials; new glove last designs; results of test measurements; conclusions and recommendations. The study was designed in such a way that it should constitute a project model for the development of safety gloves for other jobs. (English translation available from NIOSH, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA).
Ergolab, Renstiernas gata 12, 116 31 Stockholm, Sweden, November 1981. 104p. 61 ref. Illus.

CIS 83-540 Adolfson J., Elnäs S., Sperling L.
Development of suitable diver's gloves
Utveckling av funktionsdugliga dykarhandskar [in Swedish]
Tests were carried out by 10 divers at depth of 5m in water at +0.1°C with a view to evaluating a 5-finger rubber glove worn over a synthetic-fibre inner glove. Sections cover: test environment (diving suit, glove system); test persons; test equipment and testing procedure (testing of hand motoricity, tactile discrimination, static grip strength and endurance; recording of temperatures and cardiac rhythm); presentation of results (hand, foot and body-core temperatures; thermal protection afforded by glove system; test results); discussion, conclusions and recommendation calling for tests at higher pressure (i.e. greater depths).
Försvarets Forskningsanstalt, Huvudavdelning 5, 10254 Stockholm, Sweden, Nov. 1981. 34p. Illus. 20 ref.

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