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Hand and arm protection - 254 entries found

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CIS 93-1962 Bensel C.K.
The effects of various thicknesses of chemical protective gloves on manual dexterity
Twelve men were timed as they performed five dexterity tests while barehanded and while wearing each of three thicknesses of chemical protective gloves. Mean times were best with bare hands and poorest with the thickest (0.64mm) gloves. Performance with the gloves improved over sessions to the extent that the results with gloves approached or surpassed performance levels achieved with bare hands during the early sessions. Findings suggest that selection of the thinnest glove material compatible with protection from the chemical environment and practice working with the handwear will result in relatively efficient manual performance.
Ergonomics, June 1993, Vol.36, No.6, p.687-696. 19 ref.


CIS 95-2197 Böning A., Gmehling J.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz
Permeability of protective gloves to solvents
Durchlässigkeit von Schutzhandschuhen gegenüber Lösemitteln [in German]
The permeability of ten different kinds of protective gloves to five commonly used organic solvents and to solvent mixtures was studied. In permeation test cells of various design the time to breakthrough and the permeation rate were determined. The influence of material thickness, test cell design and temperature on the results was studied. Only one of the ten gloves, which was made of polyethylene, polyvinyl alcohol and laminated polyethylene, was resistant to solvent penetration. A standard procedure for testing the permeability of protective gloves to organic solvents was derived from the results of the experiments.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH., Postfach 10 11 10, Am Alten Hafen 113-115, 2850 Bremerhaven 1, Germany, 1992. 66p. Illus. 174 ref. Price: DEM 35.00.

CIS 94-983 Wulfhorst B., John S.M., Schwanitz H.J.
Protective gloves for hairdressers - Testing, selection and use
Schutzhandschuhe für das Friseurhandwerk: Problematik der Prüfung, Auswahl und Anwendung [in German]
In a test, none of the gloves used by hairdressers proved to be impermeable to all of the chemicals they have to work with. The substances used in the experiments included hydrogen peroxide, water, ammonia, perming and fixing solutions. The gloves tested were made of polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, and latex. The chemical substances penetrating the gloves were more readily absorbed by the skin because of the absence of air inside a glove.
Dermatosen in Beruf und Umwelt, Nov.-Dec. 1992, Vol.40, No.6, p.221-231. Illus. 38 ref.

CIS 93-1964 Fricker C., Hardy J.K.
Protective glove material permeation by organic solids
A method has been developed for the determination of permeation characteristics of glove materials by organic solids. The system employs a stainless steel exposure cell and allows rapid and uniform contact of either solid disks or powders with minimal membrane bowing. A gas chromatograph equipped with a flame ionisation detector was used for monitoring the permeation process, which provided detection limits of 0.9-1.2ng for the organic solids evaluated. By using an automated system for instrument control and data collection, breakthrough times, steady-state times, and steady-state permeation rates have been determined for five common glove materials when exposed to nine organic solids.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Dec. 1992, Vol.53, No.12, p.745-750. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 93-918 Moody R.P., Nadeau B.
Effect of the mosquito repellent DEET and long-wave ultraviolet radiation on permeation of the herbicide 2,4-D and the insecticide DDT in natural rubber gloves
Studies were conducted to determine the effect of a commonly used insect repellant, DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide), on the permeability of rubber gloves used for protection by pesticide applicators. The glove percentage permeation data obtained with 2,4-D (dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) and DDT showed no significant difference between the chemicals in glove permeability caused by the presence of DEET. Scanning electron microscopy of the natural rubber glove material, however, demonstrated disruption of the surface structure following a 24-hour treatment with DEET. Glove permeation analysis also suggested that exposure of the glove material to long-wave ultraviolet (UVA) radiation enhanced the glove permeability to 2,4-D but had no effect on the permeation of DDT. Because the gloves of pesticide applicators are commonly exposed to solar UVA, this finding may raise safety concerns.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, July 1992, Vol.53, No.7, p.436-441. Illus. 12 ref.

CIS 93-593 Schwope A.D., Goydan R., Ehntholt D., Frank U., Nielsen A.
Permeation resistance of glove materials to agricultural pesticides
More than 100 permeation tests (in triplicate) with approximately 20 pesticide formulations were conducted with 13 different glove materials. The test method measured the simultaneous permeation of the carrier solvent(s) and active ingredient(s), in particular those active ingredients that have low solubility in water and low volatility. The key among the findings is that the carrier solvent generally permeates first and at a much higher rate than the active ingredient. Furthermore, the permeation behaviour of formulations containing solvents generally mirrored that of "neat" carrier solvents (composed of a single active ingredient in pure form) alone. Thus, insight into the selection of the most appropriate glove material for a given pesticide formulation can be gained from permeation data for "neat" chemicals. Preferred materials include nitrile rubber, butyl rubber, and plastic film laminates. Natural rubber and polyvinyl chloride materials generally are not recommended.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, June 1992, Vol.53, No.6, p.352-361. 10 ref.

CIS 93-246 Geerissen H.
Protective gloves against chemicals
Chemikalienschutzhandschuhe [in German]
Types and properties of materials used: natural rubber; chloroprene rubber; acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber; isobutylene-isoprene-rubber; fluorinated rubber; polyvinyl chloride; polyvinyl alcohol; methods used to assess protection against chemicals (permeability, resistance to degradation and stretching). Critical discussion of various criteria and concepts used to evaluate the resistance of protective gloves.
Die BG, Aug. 1992, Vol.8, p.460-466. Illus.

CIS 93-245 Renard E.P., Goydan R., Stolki T.
Permeation of multifunctional acrylates through selected protective glove materials
The resistance of three glove materials to permeation by multifunctional acrylate compounds was evaluated. Tests were conducted with trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA), 1,6-hexanediol diacrylate (HDDA), and two mixtures of HDDA with 2-ethylhexyl acrylate (EHA). The rubber gloves tested consisted of butyl, natural, and nitrile rubber materials. None of the acrylate compounds nor mixtures was found to permeate the butyl or nitrile rubber under the test conditions. Permeation through the natural rubber was observed in tests with pure HDDA, a 50% HDDA/50% EHA mixture, and a 25% HDDA/75% EHA mixture. TMPTA permeation through the natural rubber was also detected, but only in one of the triplicate tests after the 360-480 minute sampling interval.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1992, Vol.53, No.2, p.117-123. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 93-244 Zellers E.T., Ke H., Smigiel D., Sulewski R., Patrash S.J., Han M., Zhang G.Z.
Glove permeation by semiconductor processing mixtures containing glycol-ether derivatives
Results of permeation tests of several glove materials challenged with semiconductor processing formulations containing glycol-ether derivatives are described. Commercial glove samples of nitrile rubber, natural rubber, butyl rubber, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a natural rubber/neoprene/nitrile blend, and a natural rubber/neoprene blend were tested. Butyl rubber provided the highest level of protection against the solvent mixtures tested (excepting negative photoresist), with no breakthrough observed after four hours of continuous exposure at 25oC. Nitrile rubber provided the highest level of protection against negative photoresist and reasonably good protection against initial exposure to the other solvent mixtures. Gloves consisting of natural rubber or natural rubber blends provided less protection against the mixtures than either nitrile or butyl rubber. The effects of higher exposure temperatures and repeated exposures on performance are also documented.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1992, Vol.53, No.2, p.105-116. Illus. 34 ref.


CIS 93-2058 del Pino Lázaro F., Barrios Muñiz C.
Protective gloves against mechanical risks: Guidelines for selection, use and maintenance
Guantes de protección contra riesgos mecánicos: guías para la elección, uso y mantenimiento [in Spanish]
Selection, use and maintenance criteria for protective gloves against mechanical hazards are discussed in this information note. Selection criteria are presented according to hazard evaluation, availability in the market and technical characteristics. Use criteria refer to proper utilisation. Maintenance criteria comprise appropriate maintenance, including periodic checks, correct storage, and respecting expiry dates.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, C/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1991. 4p. 5 ref.

CIS 93-595 Taeger E., Mieck K.P., Banke K.H.
Application of polyozadiazole fibres for protective clothing
Anwendung von Polyoxadiozolfasern in der Arbeitsschutzbekleidung [in German]
The results of resistance tests of poly-p-phenylene-1,3,4-oxadiazole (POD) fibres to heat, fire, water vapour, solvents, ultraviolet radiation, warm acids and alkaline substances are presented. The POD fibre is capable of resisting temperatures above 300°C for short periods of time and temperatures of 200°C and below for long periods of time. It is fire and solvent resistant. The possible applications of the fibres, such as in bag filters for flue gas cleaning or protective clothing, are outlined. In tests of the thermal insulating property of protective gloves made of the fibre, the POD gloves were comparable to those made of asbestos fibre.
Chemiefasern / Textil-Industrie, 1991, Vol.41, No.3, p.T28-T33. Illus. 16 ref.

CIS 93-590 Mellström G.A., Landersjö L., Boman A.S.
Permeation testing of protective gloves by using two different permeation cells in an open-loop system (neoprene-toluene)
Two permeation test cells of different sizes were used in a study of the permeation of toluene through two neoprene gloves and special neoprene sheet stock. Three flow rates of the collecting medium through the test cells were used to explore to what extent variation in flow rate would affect the breakthrough times and the steady-state permeation rate. The breakthrough time values were not affected to a significant degree by cell size or by increasing the flow rate of the collecting medium from 60 to 120mL/min. The steady-state permeation rate values were evidently influenced by the flow rate of the collecting medium and by the size and configuration of the test cell.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1991, Vol.52, No.8, p.309-314. Illus. 14 ref.


CIS 91-946 Mellström G.
Protective gloves and protective creams for occupational use - A review
Skyddshandskar och skyddskrämer för yrkesmässigt bruk - En kunskapsöversikt [in Swedish]
This review consists of 2 chapters. The 1st deals with protective gloves, rules and instructions for proper use, testing and test methods for determining the protective effect against chemicals. Different glove materials and glove types are described and glove materials are recommended for protection against hazardous chemicals and blood-borne infections. The adverse effects of protective gloves are discussed, as are important factors which should be considered when gloves for protection against blood-borne diseases are chosen. The 2nd chapter deals with protective creams, skin care programmes and test methods. Results of recent investigations are presented. Components commonly used in protective creams are reported and evaluated from the occupational dermatological point of view.
Arbetsmiljöinstitutet, Förlagstjänst, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1990. 29p. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 91-197 Stull J.O., Herring B.
Selection and testing of a glove combination for use with the U.S. Coast Guard's chemical response suit
Three different protective glove combinations based on Viton, butyl rubber and Silvershield were evaluated for their permeation resistance to 28 chemicals. For all but one chemical, a butyl rubber outer glove with a Silvershield inner glove provided chemical resistance meeting US Coast Guard criteria. No glove combination could be found to provide permeation resistance to tetrahydrofuran within the 1-hour criterion. It is concluded that selection of 2 gloves to form a glove system realises both increased and broader chemical resistance with only slightly diminished wearer dexterity and tactility.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, July 1990, Vol.51, No.7, p.378-383. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 91-183 Moody R.P., Ritter L.
Pesticide glove permeation analysis: Comparison of the ASTM F739 Test method with an automated flow-through reverse-phase liquid chromatography procedure
The standard ASTM F739-85 testing procedure and an automated in-vitro diffusion analysis (AIDA) procedure were used to determine breakthrough times and penetration rates for 4 protective glove materials for 2 commercially available pesticides. Both procedure demonstrated no detectable breakthrough of the pesticides for nitrile butyl rubber and polyvinyl gloves, although same permeation was observed in some tests on rubber and neoprene gloves when using the AIDA method. The AIDA method has the advantage of providing a fully automated procedure that is especially amenable to glove permeation testing that requires routine sampling for extended test durations.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1990, Vol.51, No.2, p.79-83. Illus. 28 ref.

CIS 90-1624 Leinster P., Bonsall J.L., Evans M.J., Lewis S.J.
The application of test data in the selection and use of gloves against chemicals
A scheme is proposed for the selection of appropriate gloves and for deciding whether they should be reused. This takes into account the toxic properties of the chemical involved, the type of activity being undertaken and the degree of protection afforded by a particular material as indicated by data obtained from standard tests.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Feb. 1990, Vol.34, No.1, p.85-90. 9 ref. Illus.


CIS 90-999 Burström L., Lundström R., Lindmark A., Landström U.
Vibration insulating capacity of gloves
Handskars vibrationsisolerande förmåga [in Swedish]
Four vibration-insulated gloves were evaluated and compared with 2 normal gloves. The evaluation was done by both measuring the amount of vibration energy absorbed by each glove and the proportion of energy transmitted (the transfer function). The 2 methods gave similar results, so that the less complex method, the transfer function method, is recommended for describing the properties of vibration-insulated gloves. The results also show that most of the vibration-insulated gloves have resonances in the frequency range 60-125Hz and attenuation of higher frequencies. The choice of vibration-insulated gloves depends on the frequency spectra of the actual hand held tool with which they will be used. The results can be used to calculate the possible attenuation for a given glove and tool.
Arbetsmiljöinstitutet, Publikationsservice, 17 184 Solna, Sweden, 1989. 29p. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 90-367 DRT circular No.89/4 of 27 Feb. 1989 - Barrier creams: warnings to be disseminated by distributors and instructions to be laid down by users [France]
Circulaire DRT n°89/4 du 27 fév. 1989 - Crèmes barrières: avertissements que doivent diffuser les distributeurs et consignes que doivent édicter les utilisateurs [France] [in French]
Labour Relations Directorate (DRT) circular 89/6 of 27 February 1989 (not published in the Journal officiel). It describes the usefulness of barrier creams, as well as limitations and the precautions to be taken when using them. It stipulates the information which must be given on warning labels and in instructions for users.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 2nd Quarter 1989, No.135, Note No.1741-135-89, p.373-374.

CIS 90-552 Harville J., Que Hee S.S.
Permeation of a 2,4-D isooctyl ester formulation through neoprene, nitrile, and Tyvek protection materials
Tyvek (laminated saranax) and unsupported nitrile gloves gave protection from penetration against formulation concentrates and aqueous emulsions of Esteron 99 [isooctyl ester of(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid)] under conditions simulating extremes of field conditions. Neoprene gloves, whether unsupported or supported, lined or unlined, were permeated much more than unsupported nitrile gloves. An initial penetration was observed for all the materials. Degradation occurred in the neoprene and supported golve materials. The selection procedure was sufficient to predict correctly that nitrile would protect better than neoprene; however, direct experimental confirmation was necessary to select the type of nitrile material which provided optimum protection.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1989, Vol.50, No.8, p.438-446. Illus. 24 ref.

CIS 89-1950 Brose G.
Disposable gloves - requirements and use
Anforderungen und Einsatz von Einweghandschuhen [in German]
Disposable gloves made of latex, polychloroprene, acrylonitrile, polyvinyl chloride and laminated polyethylene provide protection against the substances surveyed. Activities requiring disposable rubber gloves include health care, the handling of chemicals in laboratories and crop spraying.
Sicherheitsingenieur, 1989, Vol.20, No.3, p.24-28. Illus. 1 ref.

CIS 89-2040 Personal protective equipment - Chemical protective gloves
Equipement de protection individuelle - Gants de protection contre les produits chimiques [in French]
Eleventh of a series of 12 data sheets on personal protective equipment. Aspects covered: guide to the selection of gloves (chemical permeation of glove material, glove material rating).
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1989. 1p. Illus.

CIS 89-2039 Personal protective equipment - Hand protection
Equipement de protection individuelle - Protection des mains [in French]
Tenth of a series of 12 data sheets on personal protective equipment. Aspects covered: guide to the selection of hand protection; inspection and testing for leaks.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1989. 1p. Illus.


CIS 90-1714 Hoyle I.P.
Gloves as protective equipment
This article looks at a range of conditions in the chemical and process industries which require the use of protective gloves, and suggests factors which determine a glove's acceptability. Gloves are used to protect workers' hands against chemical contact, abrasion and pinching, cuts and puncture wounds, low temperatures and electrical contact, and for the protection of delicate equipment. The most important use is for protection against chemical contact, and the article considers the effects that chemicals can have on various glove materials. Factors to be considered in deciding a gloves acceptability include size and fit, flexibility, warmth, tactility-sensitivity and bacterial degradation.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Apr. 1988, No.80, p.4-10. 2 ref. Illus.

CIS 89-203 Menke R., Chelton C.F.
Evaluation of glove material resistance to ethylene glycol dimethyl ether permeation
This study was undertaken because ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (1,2-dimethoxyethane) is a possible component of lithium-based primary battery electrolyte systems. A number of gloves were tested by the ASTM Method F-739-81, and butyl rubber was found to be the most effective barrier to permeation. Further studies determined that the butyl gloves could be reused if they were reconditioned overnight in a vacuum oven at 50°C. When an electrolyte mixture of ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (30% v/v) and propylene carbonate (70% v/v) was tested, the results indicated that the propylene carbonate retards the permeation of the glycol ether by a factor of 10. This is believed to be caused by the propylene carbonate's coating of the surface of the butyl membrane, which reduces the sorption of EGDME.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1988, Vol.49, No.8, p.386-389. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 88-1920 Pecquet C., Leynadier F., Dry J.
Immediate hypersensitivity to latex
Hypersensibilité immédiate au latex [in French]
The incidence of immediate hypersensitivity to latex is probably underestimated, as it has minimal symptoms: moderate itching when wearing latex gloves, often atributed to another agent (talc powder). However, this kind of hypersensitivity has to be identified systematically, as it can cause anaphylactic reactions during dental, gynaecological and surgical interventions.
Médecine et hygiène, 30 Mar. 1988, Vol.46, No.1742, p.967-968. 11 ref.


CIS 89-1346 Rens G., Dubrulle P., Malchaire J.
Efficiency of conventional gloves against vibration
Different solutions have been proposed to reduce vibrations generated by tools like chipping hammers, grinders, etc. Among them are special gloves which are actually not used by the workers as they considerably reduce their handiness. The present study was undertaken to examine whether conventional gloves may provide any attenuation. It has shown that the hand-glove system behaves as a one-degree-of-freedom mass-spring system. This acts as an amplifier around its natural frequency which varies from 100 to 600Hz, depending on the glove. As the most common tools are usually emitting vibrations at low frequencies, conventional gloves are not providing any protection and some of them are even slightly worsening the situation. However, they prevent cooling of the hands and will therefore reduce the occurrence of vibration-induced white finger attacks at work.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 1987, Vol.31, No.2, p.249-254. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 88-1269 Mickelsen R.L., Hall R.C.
A breakthrough time comparison of nitrile and neoprene glove materials produced by different glove manufacturers
Nitrile and neoprene gloves were each tested against three chemicals. Breakthrough time data for each material/chemical combination were analysed using an analysis of covariance to adjust for differences in the measured specimen thickness while testing for product differences. A significant difference in chemical breakthrough times was found among generically similar products produced by different manufacturers. The largest difference between the mean breakthrough time of two generically equivalent products, 30 vs. 300min, was obtained for perchloroethylene through nitrile products. Breakthrough time data for use in selection of chemical protective clothing or in prediction modelling for chemical protective clothing should be manufacturer and product specific.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Nov. 1987, Vol.48, No.11, p.941-947. Illus. 16 ref.

CIS 88-1078
VEB Kombinat Plast- und Elastverarbeitung, Berlin
Occupational safety and health. Safety gloves made of high-molecular-weight polymers. Unlined oil-resistant rubber gloves [German Democratic Republic]
Gesundheits- und Arbeitsschutz. Arbeitsschutzhandschuhe aus Hochpolymeren. Ungefütterte ölfeste Schutzhandschuhe aus Gummi [in German]
This standard, effective 1 Feb. 1988, covers sizes and mechanical and chemical properties of oil-resistant safety gloves. The testing procedure is discussed in detail and rules are given for packing, storage, and cleaning.
Verlag für Standardisierung und Standardversand, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, Apr. 1987. 3p. Illus.

CIS 88-1267 Huggins R., Levy N., Pruitt P.M.
Testing of gloves for permeability to UV-curable acrylate coatings
The handling of formulations used in the coating of optical fibres requires protective measures in order to prevent contact dermatitis and/or allergic dermatitis. A study was undertaken using a modification of a standard ASTM permeability test. Nitrile rubber gloves provided the best protection of the glove materials tested.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, July 1987, Vol.48, No.7, p.656-659. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 88-1196 Ghosh S.K., Gokani V.N., Parikh J.R., Doctor P.B., Kashyap S.K., Chatterjee B.B.
Protection against "Green Symptoms" from tobacco in Indian harvesters: a preliminary intervention study
Two types of gloves were provided to 85 non-Virginia tobacco harvesters who complained of having "green symptoms". Results show that the use of gloves causes a significant reduction in nicotine absorption as reflected by the nicotine and cotinine excretion rates and also the reduction in the prevalence of "green symptoms", since contact with the leaves and leaf-sap and the abrasions of the palms was avoided by their use. It was found that the use of rubber gloves afforded protection among 93% of the subjects, while with cotton gloves the proportion was somewhat less (78.5%). Cotton gloves were more confortable but nondurable while the rubber ones were durable but not so comfortable.
Archives of Environmental Health, Mar.-Apr. 1987, Vol.42, No.2, p.121-124. 7 ref.

CIS 88-1333 Better winter gloves without research
Bättre vinterhandske utan forskning [in Swedish]
In Sweden, research on developing better winter gloves, despite great efforts from institutions and authorities, has not resulted in a very good final product. This article describes how a group of civil servants, having to do outdoors work during wintertime, a supplier of gloves and members of a safety and health committee decided to take a more practical approach to the problem. The best gloves available on the market were selected and some suggestions for improvements by the civil servants were immediately put into practice by the supplier. During the winter 1985-86 these new winter gloves were tested. After the test, more improvements were made which finally resulted in a much better winter glove than the ones existing before. An illustration and description of the new glove is included.
Arbetsmiljö, 1987, No.14, p.28.

CIS 88-435 Hand safety
A wide variety of situations involving both mechanical and contact hazards are described and the importance of safety consciousness is emphasised in this audiovisual presentation.
Tel-A-Train Inc., 309 N. Market Street, P.O. Box 4752, Chattanooga, TN 37405, USA, 1987. Videotape (NTSC, PAL) or 16mm film. Length: 16min. Price: USD 410.00 (videotape), USD 450.00 (film); student booklet: USD 3.50. Rental: USD 110.00 (videotape), USD 150.00 (film).

CIS 88-244 Fisher A.A.
Contact urticaria and anaphylactoid reaction due to corn starch surgical glove powder
Although contact urticaria due to cornstarch was first reported in the literature in 1986, personal communications among physicians and other health care personnel suggest that the problem is not a rare one. There is at least one brand of surgical glove on the world market that does not contain cornstarch powder.
Contact Dermatitis, Apr. 1987, Vol.16, No.4, p.224-225. 5 ref.

CIS 87-750
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam
Gloves for protection against toxic substances. Methods for determining permeability, cleanability and stability [USSR]
Sredstva individual'noj zaščity ruk ot toksičnyh veščestv. Metody opredelenija pronicaemosti, očiščaemosti i stojkosti [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1988) applies to gloves of natural and synthetic rubber, gums and polyvinyl chloride, with or without textile reinforcement, and gives methods for determining their permeability, cleanability and stability with respect to liquid pesticides with maximum saturated vapour concentrations greater than 10mg/m3 at 25°C. Permeability is determined by exposing one side of a sample of glove material to pesticide and measuring the amount of pesticide absorbed by a piece of filter paper in contact with the opposite side of the sample. Cleanability is determined by measuring the amount of pesticide adhering to a sample of material before and after washing with an alkaline soap solution. Resistance to pesticides is determined by measuring the puncture strength (unreinforced material) or ultrasound attenuation (reinforced material) of a sample before and after exposure to pesticide.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1987. 13p. Illus. Price: Rbl.0.05.

CIS 87-1049 Goel V.K., Rim K.
Role of gloves in reducing vibration: An analysis for pneumatic chipping hammer
The accelerations measured during a simulated casting chipping process were recorded on a 4-channel FM tape recorder through a set of accelerometers mounted on the back of the operator's hand used for holding/guiding the chisel. The data were digitised with a PDP 11/34 computer and third octave band acceleration levels were obtained. The use of vibration isolating gloves reduced the vibration on the hand holding the chisel significantly in comparison to the bare hand. The average reductions achieved for leather, Poron padded and Sorbothane padded gloves were 23.5%, 24.2% and 45.5%, respectively. Operators should be encouraged to wear vibration isolating gloves during the chipping process.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1987, Vol.48, No.1, p.9-14. Illus. 7 ref.


CIS 88-1355 Cochran D.J., Riley M.W.
An evaluation of knife handle guarding
This research evaluated 2 variables affecting the performance of tang guards in preventing injury due to the hand slipping forward on a knife handle: the radius of transition from the handle to the blocking portion of the tang and the height of the tang. For the radii evaluated, there was no effect for either men or women. The guard height, however, did have a significant effect for both sexes. There is a height, different for men and women, that appears to be critical. Guard heights exceeding this critical height do not enhance the capability of the guard to prevent the hand from slipping. Guard heights less than this critical value are less capable of preventing slipping.
Human Factors, June 1986, Vol.28, No.3, p.295-301. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 88-1299 Risvig Henriksen H., Styhr Petersen H.J.
Protective clothing against chemicals: Better gloves against epoxy products and other chemicals
Bedre handsker mod epoxy og andre kemikalier - Beskyttelsesklæder mod kemikalier [in Danish]
The literature of the effects of epoxy resins and their components on skin was reviewed, and a protective glove was designed. The glove uses a laminated ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer membrane as protection against the epoxy. Breakthrough time was 4 hours.
Arbejdsmiljøfondet, Vesterbrogade 69, 1620 København V, Denmark, 1986. 37p. Illus. Appendices. 67 ref.

CIS 87-751
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam
Protective gloves of polymeric materials. Methods for determining permeability to petroleum and petroleum products [USSR]
Sredstva zaščity ruk iz polimerov. Metod opredelenija pronicaemosti nefti i nefteproduktov [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1988) prescribes a method for testing the oil resistance of protective gloves by filling them with oil and observing them under ultraviolet light for 3h. A glove is held to have failed the test if oil appears on the outside (i.e., if fluorescence is detected) during the observation period. Duplicate of CIS 87-41.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1986. 4p. Illus. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 87-1083 Hampel S.
Finger and hand guards - ZIAS guidelines
Finger- und Handabweiser. ZIAS-Richtlinie [in German]
Finger and hand guards prevent persons from reaching into dangerous parts of machines. On the basis of the relevant technical constraints and the machinery-guarding regulations in force in the German Democratic Republic, this directive of the Central Institute for Labour Protection (ZIAS) illustrates practical ways to prevent crushing or other injuries of the hands of machine operators.
Zentralinstitut für Arbeitsschutz, Gerhart-Hauptmann-Strasse 1, 8020 Dresden, German Democratic Republic, 1986. 38p. Illus. 2 ref. Price: M.4.00.

CIS 87-468 Linwkowicz J.
Test method and evaluation of roughness of new models of protective gloves
Metoda badania i ocena szorstkości nowych wzorów rękawic ochronnych [in Polish]
Prototypes of gloves made of polyvinyl chloride, perbunan, and natural rubber were tested. Roughness of the glove palm was tested with the use of a prototype apparatus simulating the conditions of handling plates made of various materials. The apparatus measures the frictional force between a sample made of the glove material and a sample made of the handled material. The method gave good estimates of the coefficient of kinetic friction of dry surfaces, but the results of testing wet surfaces were not satisfactory. Gloves made of polyvinyl chloride with a rough finish have the greatest kinetic friction coefficient.
Prace Centralnego instytutu ochrony pracy, 1986, Vol.36, No.128, p.3-12. 9 ref.

CIS 86-1391 Mickelsen R.L., Roder M.M., Berardinelli S.P.
Permeation of chemical protective clothing by three binary solvent mixtures
Changes in breakthrough time and permeation rate of the mixture components were evaluated as a function of the mixture composition. An increase in risk resulting from early mixture breakthrough time and enhanced mixture permeation rate over that of the pure chemicals was demonstrated. The permeation of a binary mixture through chemical protective clothing could not be predicted by the permeation results of the pure components. It is recommended that chemical protective clothing be tested for its permeation characteristics with the use of chemical mixtures and conditions that reflect the work site exposure.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Apr. 1986, Vol.47, No.4, p.236-240. Illus. 11 ref.

CIS 86-930 Engine lathes
Aspects covered in this data sheet: identification of hazards; safety precautions; safe operating procedures; maintenance and housekeeping; personnel protection.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1986. 4p. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 86-929 Metalworking drill presses
Aspects covered in this data sheet: machine guards, enclosures and other safety devices; general safety procedures; operating rules.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1986. 3p. Illus. Bibl.

CIS 86-928 Power press point-of-operation safeguarding: Two-hand control and two-hand tripping devices
This illustrated data sheet covers the design and control requirements for this type of device and the inspection, and maintenance procedures necessary to ensure its reliability.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1986. 4p. Illus.

CIS 86-927 Power press point-of-operation safeguarding: Pullbacks and restraint devices
Pullback and restraint devices are used to automatically pull the operator's hands away from the danger zone by means of wire ropes attached to wristlets worn by the operator. Press closure mechanisms and wire rope movements are synchronised by mechanical linkage. Aspects covered in this illustrated data sheet: description, adjustment, inspection and maintenance of these devices.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1986. 3p. Illus.

CIS 86-926 Power press point-of-operation safeguarding: Movable barrier devices
This illustrated data sheet covers the design, installation, use, inspection and maintenance of this type of safety device.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1986. 3p. Illus.

CIS 86-924 Power press point-of-operation safeguarding: Point-of-operation guards
This illustrated data sheet covers the design, installation and use of die enclosure guards, fixed barrier guards, adjustable barrier guards and the interlocked barrier guards surrounding the point-of-work area of the presses.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1986. 5p. Illus.

CIS 86-923 Power press point-of-operation safeguarding: Presence-sensing devices
A presence-sensing device is defined as a device designed, constructed, and arranged to create a sensing field or area and to deactivate the clutch control of the press when an operator's hand or other part of his body is within such field or area. This illustrated data sheet describes the design, installation and use of this type of device.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1986. 3p. Illus.

CIS 86-921 Power press point-of-operation safeguarding: Concepts
This data sheet discusses the concepts related to safety devices of mechanical power presses. It identifies the various areas that must be given consideration when selecting these devices for primary as well as secondary operations of the presses.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1986. 3p. Illus.

CIS 86-774 Forsberg K., Faniadis S.
The permeation of multi-component liquids through new and pre-exposed glove materials
The permeation of specimens from 13 commercially available gloves by 20 single- and multicomponent solutions were measured. Results of the tests are presented in table form. Butyl rubber and polyvinyl alcohol specimens exhibited the longest breakthrough times over the widest range of chemicals and chemical combinations.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Mar. 1986, Vol.47, No.3, p.189-193. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 86-739 Estlander T., Jolanki R., Kanerva L.
Dermatitis and urticaria from rubber and plastic gloves
Analysis of 542 cases of allergic occupational glove dermatosis diagnosed in Finland during 1974-1983. Among these, 68 (12.5%) were caused by rubber or plastic gloves. Two patients had contact urticaria due to rubber gloves. Gloves were the main cause of occupational allergic rubber eczema, including 63 (58.3%) of 108 rubber eczema cases: 38 of them had positive reactions to rubber chemicals and glove material, 14 to glove material only, and 11 to rubber chemicals. Five cases of allergic eczema from plastic gloves were diagnosed by a provocation test. Epicutaneous testing with material of natural rubber gloves and rubber chemicals was negative. The present study shows that allergy to rubber gloves is usual, while allergy to plastic gloves is rare. Thus, plastic gloves should be used, when possible. Patch testing with protective gloves should always be used when patients develop prolonged hand dermatitis and where the possibility of glove eczema exists.
Contact Dermatitis, Jan. 1986, Vol.14, No.1, p.20-25. 22 ref.

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