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Face and eye protection - 186 entries found

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  • Face and eye protection


CIS 90-1685 Proctor T.D., Harris G.W., Gray M.I.
New developments in the testing and design of anti-mist goggles
Surveys in UK industry have shown that misting of lenses is one of the major reasons given by workers for not wearing protective goggles. The problem arises in many industries. A test method has been developed that enables goggles to be assessed for their ability to resist misting. The method involves the use of an instrumented dummy head designed to simulate condensation of moisture on lenses from the evaporation of moisture around the eyes. Experiments have shown that the provision of adequate air exchange behind the lens is more important than whether the lens is anti-mist coated or double-glazed. Laboratory testing of various goggle designs has led to the development of an anti-mist goggle with superior performance. Prototype testing by industrial workers has proved successful.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Nov. 1989, Vol.11, No.2, p.111-120. 6 ref.

CIS 90-1237
National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (Worksafe Australia)
Prevention of eye damage
Contents of this safety guide: anatomy of the eye; identification of risks; health hazards (impact of blunt force, contact with foreign bodies, contact with harmful chemicals, radiation exposure); prevention and control measures (engineering and administrative controls, exposure standards, personal protective equipment); safe use of lasers; first aid.
Australian Government Publishing Service, GPO Box 84, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia, Dec. 1989. 20p. Illus. 16 ref. Price: AUD 8.95.

CIS 90-705 Protection against eye injuries [Norway]
Vern mot øyeskader [in Norwegian]
This regulation deals with the prevention of and first aid for eye injuries due to splinters, splashes, radiation and chemicals.
Direktoratet for arbeidstilsynet, Fr. Nansens vei 14, Postboks 8103 Dep., 0032 Oslo 1, Norway, 1989. 6p. Illus.

CIS 90-295 Thoma P., Bittner G.
Test and evaluation of eye protection spectacles and of protection garments against microwave radiation
Microwave protection afforded by safety spectacles and overalls was studied with the help of dipole and discone antennas at 2.45 and 10.0GHz. Safety spectacles protected eyes at X-band frequencies but not at 2.45GHz. Of the 3 overalls, only 1 offered good protection. Thermographs of the spectacles and overalls taken seconds after termination of irradiation revealed gaps through which radiation penetrated.
PTB Mitteilungen - Forschen und Prüfen, 1989, Vol.99, No.3, p.168-171. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 89-2032 Personal protective equipment - Selection of eye and face protection
Equipement de protection individuelle - Choix de protecteurs oculaires et faciaux [in French]
Third of a series of 12 data sheets on personal protective equipment. Aspects covered: selection chart for safety spectacles (radiation, impact); eyecup goggles (impact, dust splash, radiation); cover goggles; welding helmets; face shields; hoods.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1989. 1p. Illus.

CIS 89-2031 Personal protective equipment - Safety glasses
Equipement de protection individuelle - Lunettes de protection [in French]
Second of a series of 12 data sheets on personal protective equipment. Aspects covered: recognition of safety glasses (lens marking, frames, frame imprint); fit; care; comparison of lens materials.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1989. 1p. Illus.


CIS 91-1429
Bureau of Labour Protection, Ministry of Labour
Test methods for eye protectors against impact [China]
Fangchongji yanhuju shiyan fangfa [in Chinese]
This standard (effective 1 Oct. 1986) describes the tests to be used to verify that the optical and mechanical properties of safety spectacles conform to standard GB 5890-86. The relation of the two Chinese standards to corresponding ISO standards is discussed in an appended commentary.
In: Reference Collection of National Occupational Safety and Health Standards 1985-1986, China Standards Publishing Co., Beijing, China, Apr. 1988, p.91-101. Illus. Price: CNY 11.00 (whole volume).

CIS 91-1428
Bureau of Labour Protection, Ministry of Labour
Eye protectors against impact [China]
Fangchongji yanhuju [in Chinese]
This standard (effective 1 Oct. 1986) defines the optical and mechanical properties and the dimensions of safety spectacles.
In: Reference Collection of National Occupational Safety and Health Standards 1985-1986, China Standards Publishing Co., Beijing, China, Apr. 1988, p.86-90. Price: CNY 11.00 (whole volume).

CIS 90-936 Gelbach M.
Bridge repair - Use and handling of harmful substances
Brückeninstandsetzung - Einsatz und Umgang mit Gefahrstoffen [in German]
Repair work at a road bridge serves to illustrate the safety measures required by law. Synthetic resins are the most important group of harmful substances used. Safety measures include labelling and the wearing of protective clothing and safety goggles to prevent their contact. First-aid measures are outlined.
Tiefbau-Berufsgenossenschaft, 1988, Vol.100, No.12, p.832-835, 838-839, 841. Illus.

CIS 90-292 Swearengen P.M., Vance W.F., Counts D.L.
A study of burn-through times for laser protective eyewear
Study of the performance of laser protective eyewear currently in use at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: a goggle with a cellulose propionate filter from Glendale Protective Technologies and a goggle with a glass optical filter from Spectra Optics. A new polycarbonate optical filter material from Glendale was studied also, and its performance was compared with that of the cellulose propionate material. The author used three lasers in the study: a single-pulse (variable pulse length) Nd:YAG laser with a wavelength of 1064nm; a pulsed-copper-vapour laser with a pulse-repetition frequency of 6.08kHz and a wavelength of 510.6nm; and a pulsed xenon-fluoride laser with a repetition rate variable up to 100Hz and a wavelength of 351nm. Where possible, the output power of each laser was increased systematically to the damage threshold of the material and beyond. The results showed that the new polycarbonate optical filter suffered less damage at equivalent laser beam challenges than the cellulose propionate optical filter. The glass goggle, which was designed specifically for use at the 510.5-nm wavelength, sustained no visible damage from the specified laser light at the highest power levels the authors could achieve.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Dec. 1988, Vol.49, No.12, p.608-612. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 89-1672 Sutter E., Möller W.
Switching time of electro-optical filters
Schaltzeit elektrooptischer Filter [in German]
The known relationship between exposure to electric welding arcs and eye damage is examined and safety criteria for electro-optical welder's goggles are derived. Results of examinations of seven commercially available welder's goggles are reported including their switching times, temperature dependence and fail-safe features.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz, Prophylaxe und Ergonomie, 1988, Vol.38, No.2, p.36-45. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 88-2064 Harris G.W.
Impact strength of new and used safety goggles
Tests were made on the lenses of several hundred safety goggles and parameters that were thought to have influenced the impact strength were studied. Most of the goggles were retrieved after various periods of use in a wide range of conditions. The important parameters were ambient temperature and whether the goggles were kept in the original boxes. Most new goggles had insufficient excess strength to allow for deterioration in use. Some goggle frames were also examined. Although a few possessed an impact resistance at least equal to that of the lens, the frames of most types were incapable of resisting the impact of a standard test.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Jan. 1988, Vol.9, No.4, p.299-311. 2 ref.

CIS 88-2050 Sutter E., Möller W.
Electro-optical filters for welders. Response time and limitations
Filtres de soudage électro-optiques. Temps de réponse et limites d'emploi [in French]
Filter requirements are discussed and acceptable starting times to avoid eye damage and glare are calculated. 13 models available on the French market were studied, as were the effects of temperature and supply voltage on their switching time. It was found that at present these filters lack certain qualities that might be expected of them. This may be due to the fact that they are new products which are still in the development process.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 2nd Quarter 1988, No.131, Note No. 1678-131-88, p.303-313. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 88-2060 Welding - Face and eye protection
Soudage - protection des yeux et du visage [in French]
Technical safety information sheet. Aspects covered: welding helmets and glasses; selection of shade numbers for eye protection; welding screens.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1988. 2p. Illus.


CIS 88-1827 Eye safety
Audiovisual presentation emphasising motivation through education. Three kinds of eye hazards are illustrated, and the specific type of protection for each is discussed. Proper first-aid procedures are also demonstrated.
Tel-A-Train Inc., 309 N. Market Street, P.O. Box 4752, Chattanooga, TN 37405, USA, 1987. Videotape (NTSC, PAL), also available as 16mm film. Length: 20min. Price: USD 410.00 (videotape), USD 450.00 (film). Rental: USD 110.00 (videotape), USD 150.00 (film).

CIS 88-1545 Randolph S.A., Zavon M.R.
Guidelines for contact lens use in industry
National eye organisations in the US recommend that companies establish their own policies on contact lens use. A survey questionnaire was sent to 100 corporations to gather descriptive data on the existence and content of their policies. Data were collected on policy enforcement, areas of contact lens restriction and basis for restriction, identification of workers who wear contacts, and use of eye protection. Among the 67 respondents, 43 companies have a policy on contact lens use. Companies need to identify workers who wear contact lenses. The decision whether or not to allow the use of contact lenses in the industrial environment seems to depend upon the perceived level of risk in a specific environment. More importantly, the current written policies do not appear to recognise the results of recent research. Guidelines for contact lens use are presented.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Mar. 1987, Vol.29, No.3, p.237-242. 10 ref.

CIS 88-312 Harris G.W.
Misting of eye protectors
A method of quantifying the resistance of eye protection to misting is described. Using the method, the quantity of air required to pass through the protectors to prevent misting under various conditions has been determined. Many types of eye protection have been tested and criteria for resisting misting established. Several designs of goggles are proposed that resist misting under most conditions of use.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, June 1987, Vol.9, No.1, p.11-25. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 88-215
Comité technique national du Bâtiment et des Travaux publics
Eye protection in building construction and civil engineering
Protection oculaire dans les travaux du bâtiment et des travaux publics [in French]
Recommendation adopted 9 July 1986 by a technical committee of the French National Health Insurance organisation. Included is a table presenting the characteristics, performance and price of different types of protective glasses on the market.
Travail et sécurité, Apr. 1987, No.4, p.285-287.

CIS 87-953 Jorant-Pignal L.
Special protective eyeglasses for VDU work
Lunettes spéciales (de protection) pour travaux sur écran de visualisation [in French]
Medical thesis. Contents: dimensions of and lighting at VDU workstations; different types of screens; harmful radiation; physiology of the eye; subjective symptoms and sources of visual fatigue; visual insufficiency; problems of binocular vision; contraindications of VDU work; medical monitoring and ophthalmological examinations; use of eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct visual deficiencies in persons working with VDUs; types, advantages and cost of specially designed correcting glasses for this kind of work.
Université de Paris VII, Faculté de médecine Lariboisière-Saint Louis, Paris, France, 1987. 77p. 42 réf.


CIS 90-1785
Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social
Impact-resistant eyepieces [Spain]
Oculares de protección contra impactos [in Spanish]
Technical standard on impact-resistant eyepieces used in safety spectacles, brought into legal force by a Resolution of the Dirección General de Trabajo on 28 June 1978. Contents: definitions and classification; characteristics and requirements; testing. In the appendix: ministerial Order dated 17 May 1974 on the type testing of personal protective equipment.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1986. 39p. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 90-1784
Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social
Universal-type framed safety glasses used against impact injury [Spain]
Gafas de montura tipo universal para protección contra impactos [in Spanish]
Technical standard on safety spectacles, brought into legal force by a Resolution of the Dirección General de Trabajo on 14 June 1978. Contents: definitions; classification; characteristics of and requirements for safety spectacles (frames, eyepieces); testing (flammability, corrosion, resistance to heat and humidity, traction resistance, visual field, structural and superficial defects, optical quality, transmission of visible light, impact resistance, resistance to water). In the appendix: ministerial Order dated 17 May 1974 on the type testing of personal protective equipment.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1986. 47p. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 88-646 Eye protection in construction work
Protection oculaire dans les travaux du bâtiment et des travaux publics [in French]
Recommendations adopted in France by the National Technical Committee of the construction industry on 9 July 1986. Safety measures for welding and other operations that present hazards for the eyes. Standards applicable to eye protection. Procedures in case of accident. Maintenance of personal and collective eye protection. Table of criteria for selecting protective spectacles, with names of types and models available on the French market in 1974.
Travail et sécurité, Mar. 1987, No.3, p.285-287.

CIS 88-165 Davey J.B.
Industrial eye protection
The factors which influence whether or not eye protection is worn when a hazard exists are examined. The roles of the workers themselves, the legislators and government agencies, those who draw up standards, the manufacturers of eye protection and the employers are discussed.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 1986, Vol.31, No.1, p.67-70. 4 ref.

CIS 87-1357 Sonnex T.S., Rycroft R.J.G.
Dermatitis from phenyl salicylate in safety spectacle frames
Three cases were reported of allergic contact dermatitis behind the ears from wearing the same brand of industrial safety spectacles. Positive patch tests were obtained with phenyl salicylate, which is used as an ultraviolet inhibitor in some cellulose acetate butyrate and cellulose acetate propionate formulae. It has previously been reported as a contact sensitiser from its use as a sun screen in a lip salve. Positive patch test reactions were also obtained variously in these patients with balsam of Peru, resorcinol monobenzoate, and epoxy resin.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1986, Vol.14, No.5, p.268-270. 12 ref.

CIS 87-299 Ulysse J.F., Mayer A., Le Bodo H., Courrier G.
Lasers: hazards and their prevention
Les lasers - Risques et moyens de protection [in French]
Characteristics of the laser beam and the different types of lasers; risks of high voltage and radiant heat, with particular emphasis on the hazards of exposure to the eyes. TLVs recommended by the ACGIH (USA); proposal of a standard classification for laser equipment. The individual and collective protective methods recommended are aimed mainly at protecting workers from the thermal effects of radiation. List of safety goggles available in France and the standards they should meet. A table shows the different devices for measuring laser energy and power.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 4th Quarter 1986, No.125, Note No.1607-125-86, p.523-537. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 87-341 Protection against tarantulas
Description of an all-in-one powered respirator that proved to provide the best means of face and neck protection against tarantulas in a company supplying insects to laboratories.
Safety Practitioner, Nov. 1986, Vol.4, No.11, p.45. Illus.

CIS 86-1999 Hughes A.D.
The industrial safety shower and eyebath
A survey of the use of safety showers as a method of decontamination after working with toxic and corrosive substances. The use of showers as a first-aid measure after burns, scalds and injuries from corrosive chemicals is described. The main points of the US standard (ANSI Z358.1.1981) for Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment are given (no British Standard exists for this kind of equipment).
Safety Practitioner, Feb. 1986, Vol.4, No.2, p.8-9. Illus.


CIS 90-764 Andersen E.
Guidance note on eye protection
Vejledning om øjenværn [in Danish]
This guidance note discusses regulation No.32 of 29 Jan. 1979 (Denmark) on work clothing and personal protective equipment as it applies to safety spectacles. Various types of eye protectors (eye shields, face shields, hoods, eyepieces, filter glasses) are listed according to the nature of the work (grinding, welding, blasting, casting of metals, galvanising, work with caustic substances, plasma cutting) and the mechanical, chemical or radiation risks involved.
Arbejdstilsynet, Direktoratet, Landskronagade 33-35, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, Oct. 1985. 7p. Illus.

CIS 87-378
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam
Helmet face piece for gas-removing respirators - Technical requirements [USSR]
Licevaja čast' šMP dlja promyšlennyh protivogazov. Tehničeskie uslovija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1987) applies to a helmet face piece for filter-type gas-removing respirators. The helmet face piece can be used in different climatic zones in the temperature range -40 - +50°C, and makes possible 6h of continuous work. Contents: main parameters and sizes, methods for testing, marking, packing, transport and storage; guarantee by the manufacturer.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 18p. Price: Rbl.0.05.

CIS 86-1709
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Safety glasses - General technical requirements
Očki zaščitnye - Obščie tehničeskie uslovija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1986) applies to all glasses intended to protect worker's eyes against solid particles, sprays of liquids, gases, dust, ultraviolet and infrared radiation and glare. This standard does not cover glasses intended to protect against ionising and laser radiation. Contents: types, main parameters, technical requirements, acceptance criteria, methods of testing, marking, packing, transport and storage; guarantee of the manufacturer.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 16p. Price: Rbl.0.05.

CIS 86-149 Malanin G., Kalimo K.
Facial dermatitis from epoxy resin in a helmet
A female farmer who raised pigs developed facial dermatitis several days after beginning to wear an air-fed helmet. The helmet was intended to protect her against allergens in pig fodder. Patch testing revealed an allergy to epoxy compounds. Several seams in the helmet were found to be sealed with an epoxy resin that contained low-molecular-weight epoxy compounds. The dermatitis improved on cessation of exposure.
Contact Dermatitis, Apr. 1985, Vol.12, No.4, p.221. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 85-941 Goller J.W., Park N.W.
A comparison of iron oxide fume inside and outside of welding helmets
Airborne iron-oxide fume concentrations were determined simultaneously at 4 body locations (left and right front shoulders, front chest, inside the helmet) during a normal welding task. The fume concentrations in the actual breathing zone inside the helmet were 36 to 71% lower than outside concentrations, depending on the type of welding and the welder's posture.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1985, Vol.46, No.2, p.89-93. Illus. 7 ref.


CIS 87-1172
Director of Labor Standards Bureau, Ministry of Labor, Japan
Use of eye protectors [Japan]
This is a translation of Notification No.773 of 16 Dec. 1981. The document replaces all of Notification No.84 of 19 Feb. 1953 and part of Notification No.90 of 13 Feb. 1958. It requires that eye protectors meet Japanese Industrial Standard T8141. A nomogram for selecting lenses with the proper transmissivity is included.
International Institute of Welding, 54 Princes Gate, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2PL, United Kingdom, 1984. 10p.

CIS 86-485
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Personal protective equipment - Method for determining the field of vision
Sredstva individual'noj zaščity - Metod opredelenija polja zrenija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1986) covers all personal protective equipment which restricts the field of vision (insulating clothing, gas masks, respirators, protective face and eye shields, safety glasses) and establishes a method for measurement of the field of vision for physiological and hygienic assessment of personal protective devices. Contents: testing equipment, preparation for testing and testing, treatment of results. A blank form for recording the results of the measurement, a form for an official report of the field of vision of persons wearing personal protective equipment and a method of statistical treatment of results are appended.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 6p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 85-1995
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Protective face shields - Technical requirements and methods of testing
Ščitki zaščitnye licevye-Obščie tehničeskie trebovanija i metody kontrolja [in Russian]
The standard (effective 1 July 1985) applies to all face shields intended to protect workers' faces against flying particles, splashes of liquids and molten metals, sparks, ultraviolet and infrared radiation, glare and radio-frequency radiation. The standard does not cover face shields intended to protect against ionising and laser radiation. Contents: classification; technical requirements; method of testing. Terms used in the standard are defined in an appendix.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per. 3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 12p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 85-1696
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Protective face shields - Nomenclature of protection criteria
Ščitki zaščitnye licevye - Nomenklatura pokazatelej kačestva [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1986) applies to all face shields intended to protect workers' faces against dangerous and harmful occupational factors. Contents: nomenclature of quality criteria (protection criteria, conditions of use, transport and storage; reliability criteria; ergonomic, aesthetic, patent, and legal criteria); classification; applicability of the quality criteria (general criteria, mass, dimensions, non-toxicity of materials, speed of combustion, etc.); special criteria (shock resistance of shields with colourless transparent glasses, resistance to splashes of molten metal, specific dielectric strength, etc.). Terms and definitions used in the standard and an index of criteria are appended.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 14p. Price: Rbl.0,05.

CIS 85-1553 Ohi N., Koike S.
Evaluation of the protective performance of a powered air-purifying respirator for asbestos dust
The Racal-Airstream AH-2 was mounted on a dummy head; air-born chrysotile asbestos dust was collected on membrane filters inside and outside the respirator and counted under a phase-contrast microscope. The efficiency of protection was 100%: the chrysotile dust was not detected inside the respirator.
Safety Digest, May 1984, Vol.30, No.5, p.8-11. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 85-688 Huggins R.G., Testagrossa P.A., Petersen R.C., Philen D.L., Turnispeed J.M.
Nonionizing radiation aspects of optical fiber manufacturing
The evaluation of the spectral distribution of the electromagnetic emissions from a system composed of a H2/O2 torch and a glass tube lathe used to manufacture rods for drawing optical fibres indicate levels of visible and infrared radiation that necessitated a specific type of eye protection for workers operating this equipment. The type of lenses used to prevent exposure to UV, visible and IR radiation is specified.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Dec. 1984, Vol.45, No.12, p.796-801. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 85-488 Hamilton M., Vezey P.
Hands, feet and eyes
Causes of hand, foot and eye injuries are pointed out and various preventive measures and protective equipment are described.
Occupational Safety and Health, July 1984, Vol.14, No.7, p.8-18. Illus.

CIS 84-1402 Eye protection
This data sheet covers all aspects of eye protection against chemical, mechanical and radiation hazards.
Canadian Safety Council, 1765 St. Laurent Blvd., Ottawa, Ontario K1G 3V4, Canada, 1984. 20p. Illus. Bibl.


CIS 85-1085 Il'inskij Ė.G., Kogan Ju.A., Mazanenko V.P.
Helmet for protection from gas and dust
Kaska GPK dlja zaščity ot gaza i pyli [in Russian]
Brief illustrated description of a new air-fed helmet for mines. The helmet, which weighs a maximum of 1.2kg when fully fitted out, is supplied from the compressed-air network of the mine.
Ugol' Ukrainy, Aug. 1983, No.8, p.44. Illus.

CIS 85-1083 The selection of eye protection for the construction industry
Contents of this data sheet: types of eye protectors (safety spectacles, goggles, welding helmets, face shields, hoods); classification of hazards and recommended protectors (flying objects, particles and dusts; heat, glare, sparks and molten metal; acid splashes, chemical burns; glare, stray light; abrasive blasting materials; UV and visible radiation); injuries associated with construction hazards; selection, fitting and care of eye protection; contact lenses.
Construction Safety Association of Ontario, 74 Victoria Street, Toronto, Ontario M5C 2A5, Canada, 1983. 16p. Illus. Bibl.

CIS 85-494 Petrova L.V., Denisenko O.N.
Protective goggles for operators
Zaščitnye očki dlja operatorov [in Russian]
Surface defects in metal, plastic and glass articles are frequently monitored by ultraviolet defectoscopy. The operators of the inspection equipment must spend long periods of time observing surfaces illuminated by ultraviolet light with a wavelength of 300-400nm. New goggles have been developed to protect the eyes of these operators. The goggles have special glass lenses mounted in vinyl frames. The 2mm-thick lenses pass 85-90% of incident visible light, but absorb most of the incident ultraviolet light, and show very little luminescence themselves.
Mašinostroitel', Oct. 1983, No.10, p.19. Illus.

CIS 85-177 "I can't see"
This movie is available on 16mm film or videotape and is designed for the training of employees in the proper choice and use of eye protection equipment.
Millbank Films Limited, Thames House North, Millbank, London SW1P 4QG, United Kingdom, 1983. 16mm colour film or video cassette, 22min. Price: £325.00

CIS 84-2046 I can't see
This 22min film dramatises an incident in which refusal to wear protective goggles, even after appropriate training, results in blindness.
Millbank Films Ltd., Thames House North, Millbank, London SW1P 4QG, United Kingdom, 1983. 2p. Illus. 16mm colour film or videocassette. Hire £55.00; purchase £325.00.

CIS 84-1706
British Cast Iron Research Association
Protective wear for foundry workers - eye protection
This data sheet provides information on safety glasses, face shields and goggles approved in the United Kingdom for use in foundry work. Addresses of British suppliers are appended.
BCIRA, Alvenchurch, Birmingham B48 7QB, United Kingdom, 1983. 3p. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 84-1088 Väyrynen S., Ojanen K.
The protection of loggers' heads and eyes in forestry work
Questionnaires, interviews, observations, accident and near-accident reports, and user and laboratory tests were used to investigate the frequency of the use and protection afforded by the helmet and eye protector in forestry work, and possible improvements. 88% of loggers always used a helmet and 32% an eye protector, in spite of their being compulsory in Finland, 8-15% of logging accidents cause eye injuries. The helmet was too hot in summer and too cold in winter. Design defects of eye protectors, which partly accounted for their low rate of use, were: they become frosted in winter; visibility is poor in the rain or the dark; they cause glare in sunshine. Improvements in the design of helmets and eye protectors are suggested.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, June 1983, Vol.5, No.2, p.81-88. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 84-85 Rambeau D.
Laser users, protect your eyes
Laséristes, protégez vos yeux [in French]
Description of the hazards encountered while using lasers, and of preventive measures. Different types of lasers and their applications are dealt with: hazard evaluation; exposure limits. French regulations and standards; warning signs; collective protection; choice of protective glasses.
Revue de la sécurité, Sep. 1983, Vol.19, No.204, p.31-35. Illus.


CIS 84-525 Nikiforov I.N., Kaminskij S.L., Vihljancev A.V., Romanov A.A., Sungurov P.M.
Investigation of experimental designs for air distributors for arc welders' face shields
Issledovanie opytnyh konstrukcij vozduhoraspredelitel'nyh ustrojstv dlja ščitka ėlektrosvarščika [in Russian]
Air-fed welders' face shields were constructed with 3 different types of air distributor. None produced an air distribution within the face shield that would prevent harmful gases or fumes from reaching the wearer's breathing zone.
Published in: Kompleksnoe rešenie voprosov ohrany truda, Profizdat, ul. Kirova 13, 10100 Moskva, USSR, 1982. p.40-45. Illus. Price: Rbl. 2.20 (whole volume).

CIS 84-78 Desnoyers L., Le Borgne D.
Vision and work. 1. Eye protection
Vision et travail. 1. La protection oculaire [in French]
This document covers all aspects of eye protection at work. Contents: eye accident statistics by area, causes (tasks and causative agents); eye physiology, natural protection mechanisms, visual fatigue and age-induced changes, eye examinations; eye hazards (mechanical, radiation, chemical); compensation; Canadian regulations and standards for eye protection; eye protection programmes, hazard evaluation, protective equipment.
Institut de recherche appliquée sur le travail (IRAT), 1290 rue St. Denis, suite 800, Montréal, Québec H2X 3J7, Canada, Sep. 1982, No.20, 64p. Illus. Bibl. Price: Can.$ 4.00.

CIS 83-1704 Ojanen K., Väyrynen S., Klen T.
Protection of loggers' eyes
Metsurin silmien suojaaminen [in Finnish]
3 types of eye protecting equipment used by loggers were tested under summer and winter conditions. Tested were: the light transmission factor through the netting or plastic sheets used; glare; penetration of sawdust; frosting in cold weather. Partially based on these tests a new eye protector was designed giving better protection and costing less.
Työterveyslaitos, Julkaisutoimisto, Laajaniityntie 1, 01620 Vantaa 62, Finland, 1982. 50p. Illus. 20 ref. Price: Fmk.25.00.

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