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CIS 99-97 Portillo García-Pintos J.
Respiratory protection
Protectores respiratorios [in Spanish]
Topics: air purifying respirators; airborne dust; check lists; closed circuit breathing apparatus; compressed-air breathing apparatus; contamination; European Communities; hazard identification; health hazards; mists; particulate filters; personal protective equipment; positive supply filter respirators; safety guides; self-contained breathing apparatus; sorbent filters; Spain; toxic gases.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 18p. Illus.

CIS 99-1
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Fachgruppe AS 1.1
Law on equipment safety - Personal protective equipment (PPE) [Germany]
Gerätesicherheitsgesetz - Persönliche Schutzausrüstung - PSA [in German]
Topics: compendium; directive; European Communities; Germany; law; legislation; national organization; personal protective equipment.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1997. 155p. Index. Price: DEM 28.50.

CIS 99-92 Work equipment and personal protective equipment (PPE). Standards which meet technical safety regulations
Equipements de travail et équipements de protection individuelle (EPI) - Normes satisfaisant aux rčgles techniques de sécurité [in French]
This document cancels and replaces ND 2028-164-96 on the same subject (CIS 96-1875). Topics: CEN; CENELEC; directive; European Communities; France; list; machinery; personal protective equipment; standardization.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygične et sécurité du travail, 4th quarter 1997, No.169, Note No.2069-169-97, p.657-669.

CIS 98-1716 Jäger W., Holland U.
Hand injuries and protective gloves
Handverletzungen und Schutzhandschuhe [in German]
Topics: causes of accidents; evaluation of equipment; Germany; hand injuries; personal protective equipment; protective gloves; selection of equipment; statistics.
Die BG, Feb. 1997, No.2, p.62-66. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 98-367 Royal Decree of 30 May 1997 concerning minimum provisions for the safety and health of workers in the use of personal protective equipment [Spain]
Real Decreto 773/1997 de 30 de mayo sobre disposiciones mínimas de seguridad y salud relativas a la utilización por los trabajadores de equipos de protección individual [Espańa] [in Spanish]
This Decree (entry into force: Aug. 1997) implements Act 31/1995 of 8 Nov. 1995 (CIS 95-1921). Topics: consultations; information of personnel; law; occupational safety and health; personal protective equipment; responsibilities of employees; responsibilities of employers; Spain; workers participation.
Boletín Oficial del Estado, 12 June 1997, No.140, p.18000-18017.

CIS 98-384 Resolution 19/97 of 1997 establishing the duty to provide protective equipment for tractor drivers, tractor mechanics and frost protection workers in the provinces of Rio Negro and Neuquén [Argentina]
Resolución 19/97: establécese como obligatorio la provisión de un equipo de trabajo para conductor tractorista, mecánico tractorista y que efectúe tareas de lucha contra las heladas, para las Provincias de Río Negro y Neuquén [Argentina] [in Spanish]
Topics: agriculture; Argentina; drivers; law; overalls; personal protective equipment; safety shoes; supply of personal protective equipment; tractors.
Boletín Oficial de la República Argentina, 15 Jan. 1998, No.28.815, p.8.

CIS 98-90 Better understanding of the equipment used for personal protection (body, feet and hands)
Mieux connaître les équipements de protection individuelle (corps, pieds et mains) [in French]
Verstandig omgaan met persoonlijke beschermingsmiddelen (voeten, handen en lichaam) [in Dutch]
Topics: Belgium; falls from heights; foot and leg protection; hand and arm protection; personal hygiene; personal protective equipment; protective clothing; protective gloves; safety footwear; safety guides; training material.
Association nationale pour la prévention des accidents du travail, rue Gachard 88/4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1997. 21p. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 97-1769 Factories Ordinance - Factories (Provision and Use of Work Equipment) Regulations 1997 [Gibraltar]
These Regulations implement the provisions of Directive 89/655/EEC (CIS 90-357) concerning work equipment. Contents: definitions and scope of application; responsibilities of employers in relation to the information and training of workers in the use of equipment, protection against specified hazards, provision of equipment control devices, suitable lighting and maintenance operations.
Gibraltar Gazette, 6 Nov. 1997, No.3006, p.670-681.

CIS 97-1502 Protection
These five chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine selected issues in personal protection: review of personal protective equipment (PPE) (risk assessment and the selection and use of PPE, hearing protective equipment, respirators, safety helmets, protective footwear, fall protective equipment, eye protection, protective clothing); clothing for work in the cold; protective gloves; international approach to chemical safety; dangerous chemicals (health hazards, supply of risk information).
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.1, p.683-743. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-716 Royal Decree 773 of 30 May 1997 concerning the minimum health and safety requirements for the use by workers of personal protective equipment [Spain]
Real Decreto 773/1997, de 30 de mayo, sobre disposiciones mínimas de seguridad y salud relativas a la utilización por los trabajadores de equipos de protección individual [Espańa] [in Spanish]
Transposition into Spanish law of European Directive 89/656/EEC (see CIS 90-385). Entry into force: 12 Aug. 1997. Contents: definition of the terms used; general obligations of the employer; criteria for the safe use of personal protective equipment (PPE); minimal characteristics of PPE; selection, use and maintenance of PPE; requirements concerning information, training, consultation and participation of workers; obligations of workers. Non-exhaustive guide lists of items of PPE as well as of sectors of activity which may require the provision of PPE are given in an appendix.
Boletín Oficial del Estado, 12 June 1997, No.140, p.18000-18017.


CIS 00-821 García-Pintos J.P.
Selection and use of personal protective equipment
Selección y uso de los equipos de protección individual [in Spanish]
Topics: comment on directive; data sheet; information of personnel; legislation; personal protective equipment; responsibilities; Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1996. 8p. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 00-820 García-Pintos J.P.
Sale of personal protective equipment
Comercialización de los equipos de protección individual [in Spanish]
Topics: comment on directive; data sheet; legislation; marking; personal protective equipment; quality control; Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1996. 8p. Illus.

CIS 99-1161 Code of practice for first aid, workplace amenities and personal protective equipment
Topics: Australia; check lists; directive; first-aid equipment; first-aid services; first-aid training; microclimate; personal protective equipment; sanitary facilities; supervision of use of protective equipment; supply of personal protective equipment; washing facilities; welfare facilities; Western Australia.
WorkSafe Western Australia Commission, Westcentre, 1260 Hay Street, West Perth, WA 6005, Australia, Nov. 1996. 83p. Illus. Price: AUD 3.00.

CIS 99-52 Personal protective equipment for head, eye/face, hand and foot
Topics: face and eye protection; foot and leg protection; hand and arm protection; head protection; personal protective equipment; preventive maintenance; selection of equipment; training material; USA; videotape.
Tel-A-Train, 309 North Market Street, P.O. Box 4752, Chattanooga, TN 37405, USA, 1996. Videotape (length 19min). Price: USD 410.00, employee's guide USD 3.50.

CIS 99-98 Hearing protectors
Protectores auditivos [in Spanish]
Topics: acoustic helmets; check lists; earmuffs; earplugs; European Communities; hazard identification; health hazards; hearing protection; noise level; personal protective equipment; safety guides; Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1996, 15p. Illus.

CIS 98-1660 Mehnert L., Bernstein U.
Microporous structures and their use in protective clothing
Mikroporöse Strukturen und ihre Anwendung für Schutzkleidung [in German]
Topics: airborne dust; comfort criteria; description of technique; fabrics for protective clothing; Germany; impermeable fabrics; materials testing; personal protective equipment; synthetic fibres; textiles; waterproofed fabrics.
Melliand Textilberichte, 1996, Vol.77, No.12, p.870-872. Illus.

CIS 98-368 Ministerial Standard concerning the minimum safety and health provisions in the use of personal protective equipment [Nicaragua]
Norma Ministerial sobre las disposiciones mínimas de higiene y seguridad de "los equipos de protección personal" [Nicaragua] [in Spanish]
Topics: face and eye protection; foot and leg protection; hand and arm protection; head protection; law; Nicaragua; personal protective equipment; protective clothing; responsibilities of employees; responsibilities of employers.
La Gaceta - Diario Oficial (Nicaragua), 30 Jan. 1997, No.21, p.419-427.

CIS 98-523 Personal protective equipment: Practical guide
Equipements de protection individuelle: manuel pratique de prévention [in French]
Topics: construction sites; earmuffs; France; hearing protection; legislation; personal protective equipment; protection against falls from heights; protective gloves; respirators; safety footwear; safety helmets; safety spectacles; training manuals; training material.
Organisme Professionnel de Prévention du Bâtiment et des Travaux Publics (OPPBTP), 204, rond-point du Pont-de Sčvres, Tour Amboise, 92516 Boulogne-Billancourt, France, 1996. 35p. Illus.

CIS 97-715
Ministerul muncii şi protecţiei sociale (Ministry of Labour and Social Protection)
Order approving the methodology standards prescribed by the Law on Occupational Safety and Health (No.90/1996) [Romania]
Ordin privind aprobarea normelor metodologice în aplicarea prevederilor Legii protecţiei muncii nr. 90/1996 [in Romanian]
These standards cover provisions concerning the certification of personal protective equipment, the notification and recording of occupational accidents and diseases and protective measures applying to dangerous work.
Monitorul Oficial al României, 15 Oct. 1996, Vol.8, No.249, p.1-37.

CIS 97-99 Jurvelius H.
3rd Seminar on the Personal Protective Equipment in Europe
The focus of this seminar, held in Saariselkä, Finland, 24-26 April 1996, was on the implementation of Directives 89/686/EEC (CIS 90-381) and 89/656/EEC (CIS 90-385) relating to the design and use of personal protective equipment (PPE). Papers cover: free European markets for PPE; design and certification (standardization); selection and use of PPE (application of risk analysis); uniform approach to market control in Europe; evaluation of the current situation.
Ministry of Labour, Occupational Safety and Health Division, P.O. Box 536, 33101 Tampere, Finland, 1996. 107p. Price: FIM 100.00.

CIS 96-1924 Decree No.96-725 of 14.8.1996 on the technical rules and the homologation procedures for work equipment and the means of protection subject to Art. L233-5 of the Labour Code, modifying the Labour Code (Part 2: Decrees by the Council of State) and transposing various European directives [France]
Décret n° 96-725 du 14.8.96 sur les rčgles techniques et procédures de certification de conformité applicables aux équipements de travail et moyens de protection soumis ŕ l'art. L. 233-5 du code du travail, ... et portant transposition de diverses directives européennes [France] [in French]
This Decree concerning work equipment and means of protection was issued to make French legislation conform to some of the provisions of European Directives 93/44/EEC (CIS 93-1435) [modifying 89/392/EEC (CIS 89-1442)] and 93/68/EEC (CIS 94-751) and 93/95/EEC (CIS 94-778) [both modifying various Directives, including 89/686/EEC (CIS 90-381)]. The following parts of the Labour Code are modified by the Decree: Chapter III, Title III of Book II; Annex I defining technical rules foreseen by Article R 233-84; Annex II defining the technical rules foreseen by Article R 233-151; measures concerning transitory periods applying to lifting equipment and safety components.
Journal officiel de la République française, 18 Aug. 1996, 128th Year, No.192, p.12476-12481.

CIS 96-2241 Howie R.M., Johnstone J.B.G., Weston P., Aitken R.J., Groat S.
Institute of Occupational Medicine
Workplace effectiveness of respiratory protective equipment for asbestos removal work
This study is a literature review and report of field surveys on the wearing of respiratory protective equipment (RPE) during asbestos removal work. During the surveys, sampling filters were fitted in the RPE facepieces of workers and investigators at different sites. Main findings: the sampling probe may affect the integrity of the facepiece; the probe is not sampling in the correct position; the sampling filter and the samples were contaminated during the fitting and removal of the facepiece. Materials removed included chrysotile, amosite, crocidolite and their combinations. No apparent relationship was observed between ambient fibre concentrations and material type. Fibre concentrations were measured in both dry and wet stripping operations. The consequences of the use of different asbestos removal techniques (manual, power tools, grid blasting) were assessed. In-facepiece fibre concentrations were below the Clearance Limit (0.01 fibres/mL) in 163 out of 182 measurements. A series of recommendations in order to obtain more information on: conditions inside stripping enclosures; areas where airborne fibre concentrations are unacceptably high; prevailing levels of the wearing of respiratory protection equipment; the influence of human factors on the performance of respirators; problem areas where RPE is either not worn at all or is worn improperly.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. viii, 84p. Illus. 38 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.

CIS 96-1875 Personal protective equipment - Standards complying with technical rules
Equipements de protection individuelle - Normes satisfaisant aux rčgles techniques de sécurité [in French]
Two tables list the certified French standards transposing the European standards adopted either by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) or the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC). These standards are applied on a voluntary basis and are thought to satisfy the technical regulations set forth in the French Labor Code (Articles R.233-84 and R.233-151 respectively).
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygične et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 1996, No.164, Note No.2028-164-96, p.349-357.

CIS 96-1173
Secretaría de Salud
Official Standard. Health requirements of personal protective equipment [Mexico]
Norma Oficial Mexicana. Requisitos sanitarios del equipo de protección personal [México] [in Spanish]
This standard became effective on 11 Jan. 1996. Contents: aims and scope; references to standards for specific types of PPE (helmets; protective glasses; facepieces for welders; hearing protectors; respirators; waterproof clothing; leather aprons; rubber gloves; leather gloves; leather bracelets and leggings; safety shoes); definitions; health requirements of PPE; evaluation criteria for health protection (with tabular presentation); quality testing; procedures for use.
Diario Oficial de la Federación, 10 Jan. 1996, Vol.507, No.7, p.16-20. 13 ref.


CIS 01-8 Royal order of 7 Aug. 1995 concerning the use of personal protection equipment [Belgium]
Arręté royal du 7 aoűt 1995 relatif ŕ l'utilisation des équipements de protection individuelle [Belgique] [in French]
Koninklijk besluit van 7.8.1995 betreffende het gebruik van persoonlijke beschermingsmiddelen [in Dutch]
This Order defines concepts and determines the requirements that personal protective equipment must satisfy. Employers must supply workers at no charge with equipment that is adapted to their professional activities and the risks they face. This Order was modified by the Royal Order of 11 Jan. 1999 (see CIS 01-9).
Moniteur belge - Belgisch Staatsblad, 15 Sep. 1995, No.179, p.26295-26308.

CIS 97-1176 Personal protective equipment - Labelling, ordering and standards
Equipements de protection individuelle: marquage, commande et normes [in French]
Persoonlijke beschermingsmiddelen: markering, bestelling en normen [in Dutch]
Belgian legislation concerning personal protective equipment (PPE) includes two Royal Orders. One covers the manufacture and the sale of PPE, while the second covers its proper use. Only the first one, dated 31 Dec. 1992 (CIS 97-1069), is considered in this guidance document (the second one is covered by the document Législation en pratique 6.). According to the Order, all PPE placed on sale after 1 July 1995 shall bear an EC label. For manufacturers this implies that a certain number of certification procedures shall have to be applied to PPE before it can be sold. Details of such procedures, as they affect ordering and accompanying documentation, are provided. In addition, existing standards, levels of protection, number codes and safety pictogrammes are given for each PPE category: safety clothing, foot protection, hand protection, face and eye protection, respiratory protection, hearing protection, head protection, protection against falling, protection against drowning and electrical protection.
ANPAT (Association nationale pour la prévention des accidents du travail), rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1995. 24p. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 97-1358 Louhevaara V., et al.
Maximal physical work performance with European standard based fire-protective clothing system and equipment in relation to individual characteristics
The aim of this study was to quantify the effects of fire-protective clothing designed to fulfil European standard EN 469 used over standardized (Nordic) clothing and a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) on maximal physical work performance. Twelve healthy firemen aged 26-46 years were examined. The maximal tests without (control) and with the fire-protective clothing system and SCBA were carried out on a treadmill in a thermoneutral environment. When compared to the control test, the decrease in the maximal power output in terms of maximal working time and walking speed averaged 25%, varying from 18% to 34% with the fire-protective clothing system and the SCBA. At maximum, no significant differences were found in pulmonary ventilation, absolute oxygen consumption, the respiratory exchange ratio, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, the rate-pressure product, mechanical efficiency and the rating of perceived exertion between the tests with and without the tested equipment. The reduction in power output was related to the extra mass of the fire-protective clothing and the SCBA. In physically demanding fire fighting and rescue work all possible means to decrease the mass of both the protective clothing and SCBA need to be considered for maintaining sufficient power output.
European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 1995, Vol.71, p.223-229. Illus. 21 ref.

CIS 97-1404 Bradley G.L.
Group influences upon preferences for personal protection: A simulation study
In a study of the influences of work groups on safety-related behaviour, 96 subjects were asked to select, from a range of 7 graded options, the level of personal protection they would adopt while performing a series of mechanical operations under adverse conditions. Subjects made their own private selections of personal protection, contributed to a group consensus selection, and then made a final private selection. After group discussion, selected levels of protection shifted in the direction of reduced protection, and these more risky selections were made with greater confidence.
Journal of Safety Research, Summer 1995, Vol.26, No.2, p.99-105. 22 ref.

CIS 96-1783 Schmittner
Parting agents in building construction and the manufacture of prefabricated elements - A neglected health hazard?
Schalöle im Hoch- und Fertigteilbau - eine vernachlässigte Gesundheitsgefahr? [in German]
The parting agents that are applied to the shoring used in concrete formwork mostly contain mineral oils. Exposure to these oils may affect the skin, the respiratory tract, the central nervous system, the haemopoietic system, the liver and the kidneys. Exposure needs to be reduced by drawing off the mists and vapours of harmful substances. When this is not sufficient, the wearing of a protective overall, protective gloves, safety spectacles and an air purifying respirator need to be worn for this kind of work.
Tiefbau, Feb. 1995, Vol.107, No.2, p.103-106. Illus.

CIS 96-1254 Personal protective equipment
El equipo de protección personal [in Spanish]
Consejo Colombiano de Seguridad, Carrera 20, No.39-62, 6839 Bogotá, Colombia, no date. Videotape. Price: COP 62,500 or USD 70.00 (members); COP 81,250 or USD 90.00 (non-members). ###

CIS 96-1494 Kössler F.
On the preventive effect of lumbar spine supports worn during the manual handling of loads
Zur präventiven Wirkung des Lumbal-Stützgurtes bei der manuellen Handhabung von Lasten [in German]
Lumbar spine supports are worn for protection from backaches caused by manual load handling. This literature survey reveals that there is hardly any evidence for the beneficial effect of lumbar spine supports. It is concluded that wearers of lumbar spine supports are inclined to lift heavier loads than they would without the supports because they think they are protected.
Ergo-Med, Sep.-Oct. 1994, Vol.18, No.5, p.134-139. Illus. 36 ref.

CIS 96-1368 Borring N.
Asbestos versus Kevlar
Amianto x Kevlar [in Portuguese]
The use of asbestos in personal protective equipment was compared with its replacement product Kevlar (also known as aramide, a synthetic fibre). The comparative tests extended to: fibre density; thickness; tear, abrasion and heat resistance; relationship between type of protective material used and irreversible necrosis due to burns (in function of temperature and length of exposure); cost-benefit relationships. Overall, the use of Kevlar seems to be preferable to that of asbestos from all points of view.
Revista CIPA, July 1995, Vol.16, No.188, p.32-50. Illus.

CIS 96-754 Villa M., Hubert G., Lima S., Kauffer E., Héry M.
Asbestos removal in an office building - Efficacy of personal protection
Opérations de désamiantage dans un immeuble de bureaux - Efficacité de la protection individuelle [in French]
Workplace protection factors (WPFs) were determined for a powered respiratory protective device using four different power units in succession during the removal of sprayed asbestos in an office building. The test subjects concerned wore clothing specially designed for airtightness at the arm, leg and neck joints. The paper describes working conditions, WFP determination methods and difficulties encountered: asbestos removal methods, decontamination, air sampling (duration, flow variation, filter installation). All exposure levels measured were below the chrysotile limit value. The most conclusive test results were obtained with a power unit that gave WPFs of between 400 and 10,000, most readings being in excess of 3,000. The study highlights the importance of the right personal protection for the working conditions concerned, but no explanation was found for the poorest efficiency levels: the test procedure was identical in every case and no particular incidents were reported.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygične et sécurité du travail, 4th Quarter 1995, No.161, Note No.2002-161-95, p.463-467. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 96-557 Lenz R.R.
Success or fictitious effects?
Erfolge oder Scheineffekte? [in German]
The effects of nine different films to promote the use of safety gloves, safety spectacles and safety shoes on more than 2,000 employees were determined. The films used different approaches to get the message across: they informed, appealed to emotions and stressed the benefits of remaining healthy and uninjured. The films were presented in two ways: they were shown continuously at a location which was frequently passed by employees or they were presented formally in a classroom. The films did increase the use of personal protective equipment. The extent of the increase depended on the approach and presentation.
Sicherheitsingenieur, Oct. 1995, Vol.26, No.10, p.32-38. Illus.

CIS 96-849 Nelson T.J.
The assigned protection factor of 10 for half-mask respirators
Studies on the performance of half-mask air purifying respirators were analyzed. Using data from seven selected studies, 1.5% of the workplace protection factor (WPF) values were less than 10, the best estimate of the fifth percentile was 13, with a 95% confidence interval of 10 to 18. This appears to support the assigned protection factor of 10 for this class of respirators. Differences between the mean WPF based on the type of filter were found, but no difference was found between the mean performance of elastomeric and disposable respirators equipped with dust/mist and dust/fume/mist filters.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, July 1995, Vol.56, No.7, p.717-724. Illus. 29 ref.

CIS 96-1 Ordinance No.2/1995 (6 Jan.) of the Minister of Labour concerning the rules for the issuing of certificates for personal protective equipment [Hungary]
A munkaügyi miniszter 2/1995. (I. 6.) MüM rendelete az egyéni védőeszközök minősítő bizonyítványa kiadásának szabályairól [in Hungarian]
This ordinance (effective 21 Jan. 1995) was issued under Hungarian Act No.93 concerning occupational safety and health (CIS 94-1). It defines personal protective equipment (PPE) (excluding those used for the protection of military and police forces and athletes). The ordinance is not concerned with equipment providing protection against ionizing radiation. Certification of PPE is the responsibility of the OMMF (the National OSH and Labour Inspectorate). Certificates are normally issued for 3 years. However, should relevant regulations change or the PPE be significantly altered, its certification will be withdrawn. All PPE must bear its approval mark in a prominent place. Costs of certification are to be met by the requestor. PPE are also subject to control tests in certain situations. In annex: sample certificate request forms; general health and safety requirements of PPE (based on directive 89/686/EEC); PPE testing methods not regulated by existing standards; list of PPE subject to manufacturer's suitability declarations; list of PPE that does not need health testing; the approval mark; list of relevant standards of legal force. The ordinance (but not its annexes) was also published in Magyar Közlöny, 6 Jan. 1995, Vol.1, No.1, p.16-19.
Munkaügyi Közlöny, 25 Jan. 1995, Vol.39, No.1, p.24-69. Illus.

CIS 96-354
Health and Safety Executive
Personal buoyancy equipment on inland and inshore waters
This data sheet concerns the use of personal buoyancy equipment at fish farms, floating cage units, estate fisheries and similar establishments. Contents: causal factors in accidental drowning; legal requirements for hazard evaluation and risk control; selecting, using and maintaining personal buoyancy equipment; operating automatic inflation mechanisms; role of management; worker training; care of equipment (pre-wear checks, inspection and testing, storage).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. 4p. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 96-311
Health and Safety Executive
Respiratory protective equipment - Legislative requirements and lists of HSE approved standards and type approved equipment
This guidance document describes legislative requirements for respiratory protective equipment in the United Kingdom. Approved standards are listed and approved equipment is listed according to type. Addresses of manufacturers and suppliers are also provided. Replaces previous edition (See CIS 92-2012).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 4th ed., 1995. iii, 94p. Price: GBP 5.50.

CIS 95-1932 Directive on personal protective equipment [Norway]
Forskrifter - Personlig verneutstyr [in Norwegian]
These regulations (for 1987 version, see CIS 88-1429; latest modification: Jan. 1995) cover: respiratory protective equipment; ear, head and eye protectors; protective equipment for hands and arms, legs and feet; safety belts. Contents: general requirements concerning protective equipment; type approval (by the Norwegian Directorate of Labour Inspection); marking and directions for use; responsibilities of employers; exemptions. Detailed commentaries are appended.
Direktoratet for arbeidstilsynet, Fr. Nansens vei 14, Postboks 8103 Dep., 0032 Oslo, Norway, 1995. 12p. Illus.

CIS 95-1789 Richter-Politz I.
Safety first - Protection of workers examining contaminated sites
Sicherheit hat Priorität - Arbeitsschutz bei der Erkundung kontaminierter Standorte [in German]
On the premises and in the vicinity of a chemical plant in Germany the mercury concentrations in ambient air, precipitation, soil and groundwater were measured. In addition, they were determined in the atmosphere inside the plant and on the equipment. The measurements became necessary because the 50-year-old chemical plant had been scheduled to be shut down. Mercury-contaminated sites needed to be cleaned up, for which the extent of the contamination had to be determined. The measurement methods are described. For taking these measurements and for the ensuing cleanup and demolition work personnel were supplied with a disposable overall, protective helmet, rubber boots, protective gloves and an air-purifying respirator when the mercury content in the air was higher than 25µg/m3.
Entsorgungs-Technik, Mar.-Apr. 1995, Vol.7, No.2, p.38-41. Illus. 1 ref.


CIS 96-2245
Landesamt für Umweltschutz und Gewerbeaufsicht
Guide for collection stations for harmful wastes
Leitfaden für Problemabfall-Annahmestellen [in German]
In Germany, stations to which small amounts of harmful wastes from households can be delivered need a license. The requirements placed by the German State of Rhineland-Palatinate on the site for such buildings, their layout and the measures to protect against fire and explosion are outlined. In addition, the requirements to be met by the personnel accepting and handling the harmful waste and the measures required for their protection are addressed. The rules and regulations which need to be complied with are listed.
Landesamt für Umweltschutz und Gewerbeaufsicht Rheinland-Pfalz, Amtsgerichtplatz 1, 55276 Oppenheim, Germany, 1994. 20p. + 40p. Illus.

CIS 96-1922 Design of personal protective equipment [Sweden]
Utförande av personlig skyddsutrustning [in Swedish]
This amendment of ordinance AFS 1993:11 (CIS 96-1921) came into force on 1 January 1995. It covers: EEC marking; information to be provided by the manufacturer.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, Box 1300, 171 25 Solna, Sweden, 1994. 6p.

CIS 96-1531 Legislative Decree No.626 of 19 Sep. 1994 - Implementation of eight EEC Directives concerning the improvement of workers' safety and health at the workplace [Italy]
Decreto Legislativo 19 sett. 1994, n. 626 - Attuazione delle direttive ... CEE riguardanti il miglioramento della sicurezza e della salute dei lavoratori sul luogo di lavoro [in Italian]
This decree was adopted by the Council of Ministers on 16 Sep. 1994. It introduces into Italian legislation the provisions of the following EEC Directives: 89/391 (general improvements in OSH, CIS 89-1401), 89/654 (minimum OSH requirements for the workplace, CIS 90-356), 89/655 (minimum OSH requirements for work equipment, CIS 90-357), 89/656 (minimum requirements for PPE, CIS 90-385), 90/269 (manual handling, CIS 90-1101), 90/270 (VDU work, CIS 90-1069), 90/394 (exposure to carcinogens, CIS 90-1758) and 90/679 (exposure to biological agents, CIS 91-29). The main headings of the decree are: general provisions; workplaces; use of work equipment; use of personal protective equipment (PPE); manual handling of loads; protection against carcinogens; protection against biological agents; penalties for non-compliance. In annex (among others): table of PPE requirements depending on the hazards present in the workplace; non-exhaustive list of activities and sectors where PPE has to be worn; list and classification of hazardous biological agents.
Gazzetta ufficiale, 12 Nov. 1994, No.265, Part I, Ordinary supplement, 60p. Illus.

CIS 96-61 What you should know about PPE (personal protective equipment)
Training booklet on the correct use of personal protective equipment against mechanical, chemical and physical hazards. Test for self assessment.
Scriptographic Publications Ltd., Channing House, Butts Road, Alton, Hants GU34 1ND, United Kingdom, 1994. 15p. Illus. Price: GBP 0.55-0.94 (depending on number of Scriptographic booklets ordered). ###

CIS 96-264 Lo W., Levine S.P.
Chinese-language labeling of cartridges for air-purifying respirators
Cartridges for air-purifying respirators almost always have a label printed in English only. Therefore, non-English speakers may be at a disadvantage in the correct application of these cartridges. This brief article contains packaging recommendations for manufacturers of personal protective equipment. A sample label in English for a chemical cartridge with the proposed Chinese-language translation is included.
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Dec. 1994, Vol.9, No.12, p.961.

CIS 96-6 Presidential decree concerning the minimum safety and health requirements for the use by workers of personal protective equipment at the workplace, in conformity with Directive 89/656/EEC [Greece]
Elahistes prodiagrafes asfaleias kai ugeias gia tē hrēsē apo tous ergazomenous exoplismōn atomikēs prostasias kata tēn ergasia se summorfōsē pros tēn odēgia tou Sumbouliou 89/656/EOK [in Greek]
This Decree (effective 17 Dec. 1994) implements into Greek legislation the provisions of Directive 89/656/EEC (CIS 90-385). It applies to all workers, with the exception of police forces and domestic employees. It defines the employer's general obligations with regard to personal protective equipment (PPE), as well as measures relating to assessment of PPE, and the information, consultation and participation of workers. In annex: list of PPE, by type; list of activities that may require the wearing of PPE.
Efēmeris tēs Kubernēseos tēs Ellēnikēs Dēmokratias, 19 Dec. 1994, No.220, p.3977-3984.

CIS 95-1163
Design, formation and production of personal protective equipment [Norway]
Konstruksjon, utforming og produksjon av personlig verneutstyr [in Norwegian]
Directive on the Norwegian requirements pertaining to personal protective equipment. It is harmonized with European directives 89/686/EEC (CIS 90-381), 93/95/EEC (CIS 94-778) and 93/68/EEC (CIS 94-751); it came into force 19 Aug. 1994. Procedures for evaluation of compliance and marking are described. The requirements cover the performance of the equipment, and are of a general nature. Examples of equipment dealt with are: protection against falls, hearing protection, vibration protection, protection against heat and cold, protection against drowning, protection against radiation, protection of respiratory organs, protection of skin and eyes.
Tiden Norsk Forlag, Postboks 8813 Youngstorget, 0028 Oslo, Norway, 19 Aug. 1994. 34p. Illus.

CIS 95-1419 Myojo T., Willeke K., Chen C.C.
Fit test for filtering facepieces: Search for a low-cost, quantitative method
A difference was found between the combined aerosol penetration through the filter medium and at a leak site at low versus high flow rate. This feature was used to differentiate face-seal leakage from filter penetration. A fit index was introduced as the most sensitive indicator of fit. When normalized by reference to the aerosol penetration through the filter material, this index displays uniform behaviour irrespective of the filter material used. The fit index is determined by relating the measured total aerosol concentration at a high flow rate to that at a low flow rate. Tests during normal breathing of a human subject compare well with the data obtained during breath-holding experiments. Available instruments may be used for this test, but need to be modified for tests on humans.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Sep. 1994, Vol.55, No.9, p.797-805. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 95-1021 Aprea C., Sciarra G., Sartorelli P., Ceccarelli F., Maiorano M., Savelli G.
Assessment of omethoate and fenitrothion absorption in greenhouse workers using personal protective equipment in confined areas
Valutazione dell'assorbimento di ometoato e fenitrothion durante lavorazioni eseguite con l'uso di mezzi personali di protezione in ambienti confinati [in Italian]
Sprayers and workers engaged in manual operations in a greenhouse were monitored for exposure to omethoate and fenitrothion. Urinary dialkylphosphates (dimethylthiophosphate and dimethylphosphate) were used as the biological indicators of exposure to the two chemicals. Residues of fenitrothion on foliage were measured as well as levels of fenitrothion and omethoate in air samples collected in the breathing zone (personal sampling) and in the workplace near the entrance and the end of the greenhouse (static sampling). Skin exposure was estimated from pads placed on the thorax under overalls and from hand washing liquid at the end of the workshift. Sprayers wore respiratory and skin protection during the workshift. Workers engaged in manual operations did not wear respiratory protection. Re-entry to the greenhouse was permitted 48h after spraying. Levels of omethoate and fenitrothion in air samples, on pads and on the hands, during manual operation on ornamental plants, were very low. Urine analysis showed no significant difference between levels of urinary dialkylphosphates in the control group and exposed workers. Cholinesterase activity (acetyl and butyryl) showed no significant reduction at the end of the workshift compared with baseline values.
Medicina del lavoro, May-June 1994, Vol.85, No.3, p.242-248. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 95-680
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (USA)
NIOSH pocket guide to chemical hazards
Tabulation of data for workers, employers and occupational health professionals; 677 chemical substances or groups of substances are listed. All those with recommended exposure limits (RELs) established by the US National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) or permissible exposure limits (PELs) set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration are included. The tables give names and synonyms, structures or formulas, CAS and RTECS numbers, conversion factors, exposure limits, physical and chemical properties, measurement methods, personal protection and sanitation, respirator selection, route of entry, symptoms, first aid and target organs.
Superintendent of Documents, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, USA, June 1994. xxxvi, 398p. Index.

CIS 95-640 Campbell D.L., Noonan G.P., Merinar T.R., Stobbe J.A.
Estimated workplace protection factors for positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus
An analytical model is presented that estimates the distribution of workplace protection factor (WPF) values for positive pressure respirators. Input for the model is the instantaneous face piece pressure measured as a function of time and the distribution of WPF values for negative pressure version of the respirator. As an example application, the model was applied to 57 measurements made in a previous study. The analytical model that was developed estimates the ratio of the mass of contaminant that enters the facepiece during momentary negative pressure excursions to that which would be expected to enter a negative-pressure respirator utilizing the same facepiece. The results of the application of this analytical model are consistent with the current NIOSH assigned protection factor for a positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Apr. 1994, Vol.55, No.4, p.322-329. Illus. 21 ref.

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