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Personal protection - 519 entries found

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CIS 08-961 Constans Aubert A., Alonso Espadalé R.M., Pérez Nicolás J.
Use of personal protective equipment against biological hazards by health care personnel
Utilización de los equipos de protección individual frente al riesgo biológico por el personal sanitario [in Spanish]
The aim of this questionnaire survey was to examine the degree of use of personal protective equipment against biological hazards in health care centres in Spain. The survey shows that: 87% of the centres have implemented an occupational safety and health policy; approximately 75% claim to apply a management system for personal protective equipment; a large majority supply gloves, eye protection and respirators, and have specified rules for their use; more than 90% of the centres train their personnel on the use of PPEs and inform them on the advantages and disadvantages of the various types of equipment. Other findings are discussed.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, Mar. 2008, Vol.LIV, No.210, p.35-45. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 08-524 Got everything covered?
This poster provides practical tips to protect workers from the hazards of isocyanate exposure during spray-on truck bedliner applications. These tips include wearing a supplied-air respirator, using shields with peel-off visors, wearing chemical resistant protective clothing and gloves, ensuring that the ventilation system is operating correctly, washing hands and face after each spraying and consulting a doctor in case of shortness of breath or skin irritation.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Jan. 2008. 1p. Illus. [in English]


CIS 08-1384 Veiga M.M., Duarte F.J.C.M., Meirelles L.A., Garrigou A., Baldi I.
Contamination by pesticides and personal protective equipment (PPE)
A contaminação por agrotóxicos e os equipamentos de proteção individual (EPIs) [in Portuguese]
This study analysed the efficiency of personal protective equipment (PPE) used when mixing and spraying pesticides in Brazilian and French farming. Analysis was based on two case studies: the first concerning a tomato crop located in a small rural community in the Southeast of Brazil; the second, a vineyard in France. The findings showed that PPEs used in both cases did not offer proper protection against pesticides, and sometimes even turned into a source of contamination. The study concludes that PPE by themselves cannot eliminate or neutralize unhealthy conditions related to pesticide use, as law demands. It also shows that PPEs have not always been properly designed, selected, used, maintained, stored and disposed.
Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, July-Dec. 2007, Vol.32, No.116, p.57-68. Illus. 38 ref.óxicos%20e%20EPIs.pdf [in Portuguese]

CIS 08-696 Reitz R.
EUROSHNET: New public discussion forums on personal protective equipment and machinery protection
EUROSHNET: neue öffentliche Diskussionsforen zu Maschinen und Persönlichen Schutzausrüstungen [in German]
The European network for occupational safety and health experts EUROSHNET ( launched public forums on its website in June 2007 on three current topics: impact of the amendments to the Machinery Directive (CIS 89-1442), machinery safety and the safety and comfort of personal protective equipment. These forums are open to all. Furthermore, a restricted access section is reserved for OSH professionals. EUROSHNET thus offers a user-friendly way of participating in technical discussions at a European level.
Die BG, Oct. 2007, No.10, p.399-400. Illus. 1 ref.

CIS 08-177 PPEs against chemical hazards
Les EPI contre le risque chimique [in French]
Contents of this information note on personal protective equipment (PPE) against chemical hazards: materials (latex rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene, polyvinyl chloride, polyvinyl alcohol); clothing; safety shoes; gloves; masks and spectacles; respirators. In boxes: references to French legislation; classification of clothing and shoes according to French and European standards.
Face au risque, May 2007, No.433, p.49-52. Illus.


CIS 10-0190 Personal protective equipment - Come on, join in!
Persönliche Schutzausrüstung - Komm, mach mit! [in German]
This booklet explains the different types of protective equipment and presents the workplace signs and pictogrammes signaling that their use is required.
Institut für Arbeisschutz der Deutschen Gesetzlichen Unfallversicherung (IFA), Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53757 Sankt Augustin, Germany, 2006. 7p. Illus. [in German]

CIS 08-90 Foo C.C.I., Goon A.T.J., Leow Y.H., Goh C.L.
Adverse skin reactions to personal protective equipment against severe acute respiratory syndrome - A descriptive study in Singapore
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of skin reactions to PPE among healthcare workers in Singapore during the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak Healthcare workers exposed to SARS in affected countries were required to use of personal protective equipment (PPE) such as the N95 mask, gloves and gowns. The healthcare staff of two hospitals was surveyed using questionnaires. A total of 322 questionnaires were returned (participation rate 94.7%). 14.3% of the respondents were doctors, 73.0% nurses and 12.7% other ancillary staff. 109 (35.5%) of the 307 staff who used masks regularly reported acne (59.6%), facial itch (51.4%) and rash (35.8%) from N95 mask use. 64 (21.4%) of the 299 who used gloves reported dry skin (73.4%), itch (56.3%) and rash (37.5%).
Contact Dermatitis, Nov. 2006, Vol.55, No.5, p.291-294. 6 ref.

CIS 08-115 Neely G., Wilhelmson E.
Self-reported incidents, accidents, and use of protective gear among small-scale forestry workers in Sweden
Self-reported data were collected from 156 self-employed forestry workers regarding their work, including use of safety gear and number and type of incidents and accidents to which they were exposed. A quarter of the respondents reported at least one work-related accident or a close call during the previous 24 months. Of those injured or involved in an accident, 50% reported that they were not fully using their protective equipment. Compared to earlier surveys of Swedish forestry workers, consistent use of all required safety gear was down by 10%. Protective pants and gloves were the items least likely to be used while ear, eye and foot protection were most likely to be used. The results indicate that better planning during felling processes may be the key to reducing the number of accidents for this population.
Safety Science, Oct. 2006, Vol.44, No.8, p.723-732. Illus. 24 ref.

CIS 07-754 Durcy M, Richard A.M.
Wearing PPE: Removing the barriers
Port d'EPI: lever les obstacles [in French]
This collection of articles discusses factors influencing the wearing of personal protective equipment (PPE) on construction sites. Forcing workers to wear PPE correctly may be counter-productive. Given the various physiological and psychological barriers, awareness campaigns may be more constructive. Other factors include the advances achieved by equipment manufacturers and occupational medicine in terms of ergonomics and comfort, as well as in controlling allergies that are sometimes encountered with this type of equipment.
Prévention BTP, Nov. 2006, No.90, p.39-50. Illus.

CIS 07-844 Guide to PPE
Les guide des EPI [in French]
This guide contains information on personal protective equipment applicable to workers in the construction industry, including standards and design trends for each type of equipment and practical advice for selecting appropriate equipment for the specific hazards encountered.
Prévention BTP, Nov. 2006, No.90, 26p. Insert. Illus.

CIS 07-565 Personal protective equipment - Labelling, ordering and standards
Equipements de protection individuelle - Marquage, commande et normes [in French]
Persoonlijke beschermingsmiddelen - Markering, bestelling en normen [in Dutch]
Belgian legislation requires that all personal protective equipment (PPE) placed on sale after 1 July 1995 should carry the EC label. This document provides information for manufacturers and users on the implications of this legislation. It explains procedures for the marking and ordering of PPE and the requirements for accompanying documentation. Standards, levels of protection, number codes and safety pictogrammes are given for each PPE category: safety clothing, foot protection, hand protection, face and eye protection, respiratory protection, hearing protection, head protection, protection against falling, protection against drowning and electrical protection. Replaces CIS 01-414.
PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, rev. ed., 2006. 26p. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 07-262 Feller E.
Use of personal protective equipment (PPE)
L'utilisation des équipements de protection individuelle (EPI) [in French]
Contents of this information sheet on personal protective equipment (PPE): definition of PPE; use of PPE; obligations of employers (supply of PPEs, ensuring their proper working order and state of hygiene, instructions for use).
Santé et Sécurité au Travail Actualités, Apr. 2006, No.89, p.5.


CIS 07-1087 Dąbrowski B.
Safety under water
Bezpiecznie pod wodą [in Polish]
The main hazards associated with work under water are described and procedures, techniques and equipment to ensure diver safety are presented.
Inspektor Pracy, 2005, No.12, p.22-24. Illus.

CIS 07-943 Specification for personal protective equipment - Footwear. Part 1: Safety footwear. Part 2: Test methods for footwear
Part 1 of this standard specifies basic and additional (optional) requirements for safety footwear, while part 2 specifies methods for testing footwear designed as personal protective equipment.
SNP Corporation Ltd, 1 Kim Seng Promenade, #18-01, Great World City East Tower, Singapore 237994, Republic of Singapore, 2005. 38p. Illus. 2 ref. Price: SGD 34.00 (excluding GST), (Part 1); 84p. Illus. 3 ref. Price: SGD 73.00 (excluding GST), (Part 2).

CIS 07-718 Chia S.E., et al.
Appropriate use of personal protective equipment among healthcare workers in public sector hospitals and primary healthcare clinics during the SARS outbreak in Singapore
Singapore was affected by an outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003, with 238 probable cases and 33 deaths. The objective of this study was to survey health care workers (HCWs) on the use of personal protective equipment in relation to the risk of SARS. A self-administered questionnaire survey of 14,554 HCWs in nine healthcare settings was carried out in May-July 2003. A total of 10,236 valid questionnaires were returned (70.3% response); of these, 73 doctors, 4404 nurses, and 921 clerical staff were studied. Factors that determine appropriate use of personal protective equipment by HCWs in the face of a major SARS outbreak are discussed.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2005, Vol.62, p.473-477. 16 ref.

CIS 07-23 Personal protective equipment
Equipamento de proteção individual [in Portuguese]
In the form of a comic strip, the objective of this booklet aimed at workers on construction sites is to make them aware of the importance of using personal protective equipment and to select equipment suited to the task.
Sintracon-SP, Rua Conde de Sarzedas 286, Centro, São Paulo SP, Brazil, [ca 2005]. 12p. Illus.

CIS 06-1022
Health and Safety Executive
A short guide to the Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992
This booklet explains the requirements of the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) at Work Regulations 1992 (see CIS 93-6). Guidance is given on assessing suitable PPE, hazards and types of PPE, training in the use of PPE, and maintenance. Other relevant regulations are listed. Replaces CIS 95-566.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. 6p. Illus. 6 ref. [in English]

CIS 06-761 Makowski K.
CIOP-PIB - The Department of Personal Protective Equipment
CIOP-PIB - Der Fachbereich Persönliche Schutzausrüstung [in German]
CIOP-PIB - Département Equipements de protection individuelle [in French]
This article briefly describes the activities of the Department of Personal Protective Equipment, part of the Polish Central Institute for Labour Protection - National Research Institute (CIOP-PIB). The department conducts research into the use of PPE and the development of new materials and testing methods and is also an accredited laboratory for the testing of PPE in accordance with national and European standards. Advice and consultation is offered in the selection and use of PPE with respect to specific hazards and working conditions.
KANBRIEF, 2005, No.3, p.19. [in Italian] [in English] [in French] [in German]

CIS 06-890 Jensen O.C., Sørensen J.F.L., Canals M.L., Hu Y.P., Nikolic N., Bloor M.
Subjective assessments of safety, exposure to chemicals and use of personal protection equipment in seafaring
A questionnaire study was carried out among seafarers in 11 countries during regular medical inspections. Data were collected on their assessments of safety on board, exposure to chemicals and use of personal protective equipment. Responses were obtained from 6461 subjects (response rate 93.7%). Eighty-two percent assessed the occupational safety on board to be very good. Fifty-five per cent of the seafarers were exposed to chemicals. Personal protective equipment for chemicals was used always or almost always among 93% of the exposed population. However, safety on board and use of personal protective equipment was assessed to be significantly different in some strata of the population and in specific work areas and types and sizes of ships.
Occupational Medicine, Sep. 2005, Vol.55, No.6, p.454-458. 10 ref.

CIS 06-554
Health and Safety Executive
Personal protective equipment at work (second edition)
This booklet gives guidance on the Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 (as amended). This revised publication sets out changes to regulations 3,4,6,and 9 and provides new guidance on these changes. It also reflects the latest developments in most personal protective equipment (PPE). Part 1 contains the text of the Regulations with respective guidance. Part 2 provides details on the types of PPE available, hazards that may require PPE to be used and advice on selection, use and maintenance. Replaces CIS 94-864.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 2005. iii, 41p. Illus. 23 ref. Price: GBP 8.95. ISBN: 0-11-886334-7

CIS 06-537 Torp S., Grøgaard J.B., Moen B.E., Bråtveit M.
The impact of social and organizational factors on workers' use of personal protective equipment: A multilevel approach
On the basis of the job demands-control-support model by Karasek and Theorell, this study investigated how social and organizational factors influence workers' use of personal protective equipment (PPE). A cross-sectional study was performed among 1420 workers in 203 motor vehicle-repair garages. Multilevel modelling was performed to account for the hierarchical structure of the data. Social and management support correlated positively with PPE use at the worker level. Low demands measured at the garage level and having a health and safety management system at the garage also correlated with active use of PPE. An interaction effect between social support and garage-level demands was observed. In addition to health information and provision of PPE, focusing on social and organizational factors seems necessary to get more workers to comply with the instructions on PPE use.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 2005, Vol.47, No.8, p.829-837. Illus. 58 ref.


CIS 06-418 Selkirk G.A., McLellan T.M.
Physical work limits for Toronto firefighters in warm environments
This study examined the relationship between tolerance time and metabolic rate for three different environmental temperatures (25°C, 30°C, and 35°C, 50% relative humidity) in a group of firefighters wearing firefighting protective clothing (FPC) and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). Thirty-seven firefighters (33 male and four female) were divided into four work groups defined as heavy, moderate, light and very light according to the strenuousness of a treadmill exercise performed while wearing FPC and SCBA. Findings show the differential impact of environmental conditions at various metabolic rates on tolerance time. Results reveal that passive recovery may not be sufficient to reduce body temperature below pre-recovery levels when working at higher metabolic rates in hot environments.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Apr. 2004, Vol.1, No.4, p.199-212. Illus. 49 ref.

CIS 05-116 Sánchez Pachón N.R.
Protection and safety in telecommunications
Protección y seguridad en las telecomunicaciones [in Spanish]
This article describes the hazards that are inherent in the telecommunications sector, together with measures aimed at minimizing these hazards. The main hazards include: work at height, in particular on poles, pylons or telecommunication towers; work on building facades and on messenger cables; electrical hazards; work in confined spaces; exposure to electromagnetic radiation; ergonomic risks (strain injuries, postural loads); mechanical hazards resulting from the use of tools at the workplace or during road work; use of subcontractors. Various types of personal protective equipment are listed, together with the basic safety measures to be observed before climbing on pylons, during the climb, during work at height, before descending and once on the ground.
Protección y seguridad, July-Aug. 2004, Vol.50, No.296, p.59-71. Illus.

CIS 05-108 Safety in the construction sector
Seguridad en el sector de la construcción [in Spanish]
The construction sector is among those presenting the highest accident rates. In Colombia, it employs around 10% of the working population. Despite the lack of reliable statistics, it is obvious that there are serious gaps in the occupational safety and health situation within this sector. Topics covered in this review article on safety in the construction sector in Colombia: occupational safety and health organization in construction enterprises; subcontracting; occupational accident statistics for the year 2002 and trends between 2000 and 2002; electrical hazards and protective measures; Colombian legislation and regulations, and international agreements; personal protective equipment.
Protección y seguridad, Mar.-Apr. 2004, Vol.50, No.294, p.53-72. Illus.

CIS 05-24 "They simply don't want to!" - Really? Guidance on motivation for safety in the workplace
"Ils ne veulent pas, tout simplement!" - Vraiment? Conseils de motivation pour la sécurité au travail [in French]
"Die wollen einfach nicht!" - wirklich? Tipps für das Motivieren in der Arbeitssicherheit [in German]
"Sono delle teste dure!" - ma è proprio vero? Consigli per motivare al comportamento sicuro sul lavoro [in Italian]
This booklet analyses the four main obstacles to safe behaviour, and in particular to the use of personal protective equipment, namely: false feeling of security; feeling that there is nothing one can do against the hazards; conflicts between safe working methods and other job requirements; experience leading to wrong conclusions. It proposes an approach based on identifying the hazards, engaging a dialogue with the persons concerned, creating a safety culture in the enterprise and motivating employees.
Suva, Gesundheitsschutz, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 2004. 7p. Illus. [in German] [in French] [in Italian]

CIS 04-602 Le Brech A., Feller E.
Personal flotation devices
Equipements individuels de flottaison [in French]
Personal floatation devices (PFDs) are mainly used in leisure activities. This makes the choice of PDFs for occupational safety particularly difficult given the wide variety of models available. This safety information sheet provides guidance for purchasers or users on the selection of the most suitable PFD. Contents: hazards in aquatic environments and precautions to be taken; description of the various types of PFDs (life jackets or vests with permanent buoyancy, inflatable jackets); selection criteria; use, maintenance and checks; relevant regulations; standards on PFDs; information that must appear on the PFD.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, July-Aug. 2004, No.642. 4p. Illus.$File/ed119.pdf [in French]

CIS 04-546 Occupational hazard prevention awareness spots
Spots de sensibilisation sur la prévention des risques professionnels [in French]
DVD containing video clips on various occupational safety and health topics that were shown on television in Tunisia as part of an awareness programme. Topics covered include: glass works; occupational medicine; scaffolds and railings; use of personal protective equipment and personal hygiene in pesticide spraying operations; prevention of occupational hazards on trawlers.
Ministère des affaires sociales et de la solidarité, Institut de santé et de sécurité du travail, 5 bd. M. Khaznadar, 1007 Tunis, Tunisia, [c2004]. DVD containing video clips.

CIS 04-11 Ordinance No.13/2004 (19 Apr.) of the Ministry for Employment Policy and Labour concerning the detailed rules for the selection of organisms responsible for the examination, homologation and control of the suitability of personal protective equipment, concerning the notification of such selections to the European Commission and the Member States of the European Union, as well as concerning the fees payable for the selection procedures [Hungary]
13/2004. (IV. 19.) FMM rendelet az egyéni védőeszközök megfelelőségét vizsgáló, tanúsító, ellenőrző szervezetek kijelölésének részletes szabályairól és az Európai Bizottságnak, illetőleg az Európai Unió tagállamainak való bejelentéséről, valamint a kijelölési eljárásért fizetendő igazgatási szolgáltatási díjról [in Hungarian]
This Ordinance establishes the procedures for selecting organisms responsible for the examination, homologation and control of the suitability of personal protective equipment in accordance with European Union practice.
Magyar Közlöny, 19 Apr. 2004, No.49, p.4388-4395. Also: Internet copy, 9p. [in Hungarian]

CIS 03-1099 Personal protective equipment of forestry workers - Example of cost calculations - 2004 edition
Equipements de protection individuelle du personnel forestier - Exemple de calcul des coûts - édition 2004 [in French]
Persönliche Schutzausrüstung für das Forstpersonal - Kostenbeispiel - Ausgabe 2004 [in German]
Dispositivi di protezione individuale per il personale forestale - Esempio di calcolo dei costi - Edizione 2004 [in Italian]
Swiss law specifies that the employer has to provide personal protective equipment and ensure that it is in always in perfect condition. Aimed at employers in the forestry sector, this booklet lists the costs of new equipment for newly hired workers, as well as the annual replacement costs of the equipment based on its average lifetime. The following protective equipment is considered: helmets with built-in earmuffs, face shields and neck protection; ear muffs; jackets; trousers; gloves; boots; weatherproof coats. Update of CIS 02-598.
Suva, Arbeitssicherheit, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 10th ed., 2004. 4p. [in German] [in French] [in Italian]


CIS 04-271 Personal protective equipment
Vybor individual'nyh zaštitnyh sredstv [in Russian]
Collection of articles on personal protective equipment of relevance to Nordic countries and Russia. Topics covered: psychosocial factors influencing the wearing of personal protective equipment; clothing system for use in the fish farming sector; cold protective clothing.
Barents - Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 2003, Vol.6, No.3, p.59-83 (whole issue). Illus. 29 ref. [in English]

CIS 03-1511 Decree No.150 of 26 Nov. 2003 of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection to approve sector-specific standards for the free provision of personal protective equipment to workers in the mechanical engineering and metallurgy sector [Belarus]
Tipovye otraslevye normy besplatnoj vydači sredstv individual'noj zaščity rabotnikam, zanjatym v mašinostroenii i metalloobrabatyvajuščih proizvodstvah [in Russian]
This decree gives legal recognition to a standard listing personal protective equipment (PPE) to be provided free of charge to workers in various professions in the mechanical engineering and metallurgy sector.
Nacional'nyj Reestr Pravovyh Aktov, 9 Jan. 2004, No.1, p.57-136.

CIS 03-1510 Decree No.162 of 30 Dec. 2003 of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection to approve sector-specific standards for the free provision of personal protective equipment to workers in the service industries [Belarus]
Tipovye otraslevye normy besplatnoj vydači sredstv individual'noj zaščity rabotnikam bytovogo obsluživanija [in Russian]
This decree gives legal recognition to a standard listing personal protective equipment (PPE) to be provided free of charge to workers in various professions in the service industries.
Nacional'nyj Reestr Pravovyh Aktov, 22 Jan. 2004, No.8, p.51-63.

CIS 03-1549 List of personal protective equipment manufacturers/suppliers
List of Indian manufacturers and suppliers of personal protective equipment, with mention of the type of equipment offered (helmets, safety spectacles, earplugs and earmuffs, dust masks, chemical filter respirators, supplied air respirators, gloves, boots and shoes, aprons, safety belts, safety showers and eye fountains, safety nets, ladders, barrier creams, industrial hand cleaners, emergency spillage control kits).
Industrial Safety Chronicle, Apr.-June 2003, Vol.XXXIV, No.1, p.73-76.

CIS 03-1548 Indian standards and BIS certification for PPE
This article presents a list of Indian standards (IS) applicable to personal protective equipment, classified by type of protection. These standards concern specifications of products or their constituents, their assembly, control methods and care, as well as guides for the selection of appropriate equipment. Information is also provided on the number of certifications delivered by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), and enterprises having received BIS certifications are listed. A list of ISO standards applicable to PPE is also presented, classified by type of protection.
Industrial Safety Chronicle, Apr.-June 2003, Vol.XXXIV, No.1, p.51-60.

CIS 03-1547 Nair P.M.C.
Users' perception on improving the quality of PPE
Although required under Indian legislation, the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) is not always well accepted in industry. A survey carried out among plant managers in order to identify the reasons why workers do not use the PPE found that the main reason cited was their lack of comfort. This article lists the criteria for the selection of PPE (suited to the task, comfortable, reliable, accepted by users, cheap) and analyses the typical problems facing users of various types of PPE (helmets, safety spectacles, face shields, earplugs, earmuffs, gloves, aprons, work clothing, rubber boots, safety shoes, safety belts, respirators).
Industrial Safety Chronicle, Apr.-June 2003, Vol.XXXIV, No.1, p.23-25.


CIS 05-575 Working and protective gear for fishermen
This guidance note provides general advice on the supply and use of working gear and personal protective equipment on board fishing vessels. It describes how to assess the need for protective gear, types of protective gear and factors to be considered in the supply, use and maintenance of working and protective gear. The provisions of relevant regulations are outlined.
Fishing Vessel Safety Branch, The Maritime and Coastguard Agency, Spring Place, 105 Commercial Road, Southampton SO15 1EG, United Kingdom, June 2002. 5p. [in English]

CIS 03-1505 Consumer Protection / Health and Safety - The Personal Protective Equipment Regulations 2002 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations consolidate with amendments the regulations in effect in Great Britain regarding personal protective equipment (PPE), and implementing Directive 89/686/EEC (CIS 90-381), as amended subsequently. They revoke The Personal Protective Equipment (EC Directive) Regulations 1992 (CIS 93-1079), together with their amendments made in 1993, 1994 (CIS 95-2) and 1996. Contents: interpretation; application; general duties for those placing PPE on the market; conformity assessment procedures; CE markings; role of approved bodies in connection with conformity assessment. In annexes: exhaustive list of PPE classes not covered by this Directive; basic health and safety requirements of PPE; CE conformity marking; EC type-examinations; EC quality control systems.
The Stationery Office Ltd (TSO), PO Box 29, Norwich NR3 1GN, United Kingdom, 2002. 24p. Illus. Price: GBP 4.00. [in English]

CIS 03-563 Mandre M.K.
Personal protective equipment - Non respiratory
This article presents an overview of non-respiratory personal protective equipment (safety helmets, ear and eye protectors, safety gloves, protective clothing, safety shoes). It also emphasizes the importance of proper care and effective use of these types of personal protective equipment.
INDOSHNEWS, July-Sep. 2002, Vol.7, No.3, p.1-5. 25 ref.

CIS 03-897 Laing R., Niven B., Holland E., Webster J.
New Zealand forestry workers: Limitations to the effectiveness of protective clothing/equipment
A sample of 377 New Zealand forestry workers was studied to clarify the way in which selected items of protective clothing and equipment were effective in preventing injuries, and to identify factors which might limit the safety enhancement when wearing such items. Participants were given a questionnaire on their protective clothing practices and whether they had been victims of injuries or near-miss events during the previous 12 months. An injury or near-miss event had been experienced by 45% of the study sample. Common outcomes were lacerations and sprains, caused by chainsaws, machinery, falling trees and slips. Injury to the upper extremities accounted for 40%, the back torso for 20% and the limbs and feet for 20% of the injuries. The difference between those injured and those not injured relate to some aspects of the protective clothing or equipment which are discussed in the article.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Feb. 2002, Vol.18, No.1, p.85-96. Illus. 31 ref.

CIS 03-575 Noetel K.H., Jackisch P.
Standardization in the field of personal protective equipment
The issue of standardization of personal protective equipment (PPE) still being of relevance, the report analysing the current state of standardization of personal protective equipment in the European Union published in 1997 (see CIS 00-997) has been updated in line with the latest developments. Topics covered: fundamental principles of PPE standardization; survey on PPE standardization; analysis of standardization for different PPE types; summary assessment of PPE standardization based on a questionnaire. In appendices: list of PPE standards, draft standards and standardization projects; gaps in standards related to the different types of PPE.
Verein zur Förderung der Arbeitssicherheit in Europa e.V., Kommission Arbeitsschutz und Normung (KAN), Geschäftsstelle, Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53757 Sankt Augustin, Germany, 2nd ed., Jan. 2002. 221p. Illus.

CIS 03-629
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
Review for workers: PPE - Protection against falls; Eye protection; Pesticides; Personal protective equipment; Head protection; Hand protection; Respiratory protection; PPE in the construction industry; Hearing protection
Revista do trabalhador: EPI - Proteção contra quedas; Proteção ocular; Agrotóxicos; Equipamentos de proteção individual; Proteção para a cabeça; Proteção para as mãos; Proteção respiratória; EPI na indústria da construção; Proteção auricular [in Portuguese]
Set of nine videotapes presenting various types of personal protective equipment (PPE) and the conditions under which their use is recommended. Individual tapes address the following topics: protection against falls from heights; face and eye protection; PPEs for the spraying of pesticides; PPEs suited to the type of work that need to be supplied by employers; head protection; protection of the upper extremities; respirators for removing dust, smoke, aerosols, vapours and gases; PPEs in the construction sector; hearing protectors.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 05409-002, Brazil, 2001/2002. 9 videotapes (length: 11.20 min; 15.30min; 12.55min; 11.05min; 10.19min; 9.31min; 11.40min; 9.34min; 14.50min). Price: BRL 20.00 (each).

CIS 03-968 Dubey A.K.
Motivating employees for the use of personal protective equipment
Experience shows that many employees do not use personal protective equipment (PPE) for a variety of reasons. Coercing them into wearing PPEs is generally not effective. Consultations with labour organizations lead to identifying the main reasons for not wearing PPEs: lack of knowledge on the hazard; overconfidence; negligence; fear of ridicule when wearing PPEs; perception that use of PPEs slows down work, resulting in lower production and possible lower earnings; perception that PPEs are not necessary; discomfort. Each of these reasons are discussed briefly, and suggestions are made on motivating employees to use PPEs.
INDOSHNEWS, Oct.-Dec. 2002, Vol.7 No.4, p.9-12.

CIS 02-1611 Guide to personal protective equipment
Guide des équipements de protection individuelle [in French]
Contents of this buyers' guide for the selection of personal protective equipment (PPE): role and function of personal protection within the enterprise; classification and certification of PPEs; practical rules when using PPEs; lists of manufacturers and distributors classified by type of PPE (head protection, face and eye protection, hearing protection, respirators, protection of hands and arms, foot and leg protection, protective clothing, fall arresters).
Les Editions d'Ergonomie, BP 138, 13267 Marseille cedex 08, France, 3rd ed., 2002. 132p. Illus. Price: EUR 20.00.

CIS 02-1562 D'Hauthuille J.F.
Personal protective equipment user manual
Manuel d'utilisation des équipements de protection individuelle [in French]
In the form of a personal notebook, this personal protection equipment (PPE) user manual is aimed at all users. Its purpose is to improve the understanding of hazards to which workers are exposed and to provide occupational safety solutions through the use of appropriate PPE in compliance with standards and regulations. Contents: definition of PPE; legislation, responsibilities of employers and employees; safety signs (colours and pictograms); selection, effectiveness, evaluation and individual fitting of PPE; regular checks; protective clothing; safety shoes; safety spectacles and face shields; head protection; hearing protection; noise protection; fall arresters; respirators.
SEPR, 32 rue Alexandre Dumas, 75011 Paris, France, 2002. 52p. Illus. Price: EUR 10.00.

CIS 02-1561 Montes Mayorga M.
Life vests and flotation equipment: guide to the selection and use of PPEs
Chalecos salvavidas y equipos auxiliares de flotación: guía orientativa para la elección y utilización de los EPI [in Spanish]
Contents of this guide to the selection and use of life vests and flotation equipment: definition of personal protective equipment (PPE); functions of PPEs; risks to which workers without life vests are exposed (drowning); risks resulting from their use (discomfort, sweating, impeded movement, etc.); precautions to be taken; position adopted by the body in water with and without the wear of appropriate life vests; structure and properties of different types of life vests (with foam core, gas inflatable); description of accessories; different types and classes according to floatability properties; labelling (text and pictograms); selection criteria; use and storage; maintenance. An appendix includes a check list for selecting life vests adapted to the needs of individual workers.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2002. 21p. Illus. Price: EUR 2.89.

CIS 02-598 Personal protective equipment of forestry workers
Equipements de protection individuelle du personnel forestier - Exemple de calcul des coûts 2002-03 [in French]
Persönliche Schutzausrüstung für das Forstpersonal - Kostenbeispiel 2002-03 [in German]
Dispositivi di protezione individuale per il personale forestale - Esempio di calcolo dei costi 2002-03 [in Italian]
Swiss law specifies that the employer has to provide personal protective equipment, with the exception of shoes, for which the employer is required to pay at least half the cost. Aimed at employers in the forestry sector, this booklet lists the costs of new equipment for new hires, as well as the annual replacement costs of the equipment based on their average lifetime. The following protective equipment is considered: helmets with built-in earmuffs, face shields and neck protection; ear muffs; jackets; trousers; gloves; boots; weatherproof coats.
Suva, Schweizerische Unfallversicherungsanstalt, Arbeitssicherheit, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 8th ed., Feb. 2002. 4p. Illus.

CIS 02-601 Müller E., Zimmermann D., Korhonen E., Noetel K.H.
PPE: A cornerstone of occupational health and safety
PSA: Baustein des Arbeischutzes [in German]
Les EPI, élément déterminant de la prévention [in French]
Personal protective equipment (PPE) is used when engineered or organizational measures are not sufficient to protect employees at work. These four articles discuss the development of standards for PPEs and cover the following topics: main conclusions of a study on the standardization of PPEs carried out with a view to the adapting of Directive 89/686/EEC (see CIS 90-381) on the design and safety requirements of PPEs to technical progress of the last ten years; interview of a past consultant specialized in PPEs; the PPE directive as a basis for standardization efforts.
KANBRIEF, Verein zur Förderung der Arbeitssicherheit in Europa e.V., Kommission Arbeitsschutz und Normung (KAN), Geschäftsstelle, Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53757 Sankt Augustin, Germany, 2002, No.2, p.1-10. Illus.


CIS 03-885 Kotarbińska E.
Guidance for the use of hearing protectors at noisy workplaces
Zasady użytkowania ochronników słuchu na hałaśliwych stanowiskach pracy [in Polish]
Booklet containing guidance on the use of hearing protectors. Contents: effects of exposure to noise; legislation on hearing protectors; types of hearing protectors; acoustic and technical characteristics of hearing protectors; methods for the selection of hearing protectors; recommendations applicable to the use of hearing protectors.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2001. 23p. Illus. 22 ref.

CIS 03-959 Atlas of human body measures - Data sheets for ergonomic design and evaluation
Atlas miar człowieka - Dane do projektowania i oceny ergonomicznej [in Polish]
The publication presents main anthropometric and biomechanical data for the Polish population, necessary for the ergonomic design and evaluation of structures, and especially workplaces and personal protective equipment.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2001. 106p. Illus.

CIS 03-12 Minimum Requirements for Safety and Health (Use of Personal Protective Equipment at Work) Regulations of 2001 [Cyprus]
Oi perí Eláhistōn Prodiagrafṓn Asfáleias kai Ugeías (Hrēsē stēn Ergasía Exoplismṓn Atomikḗs Prostasías) Kanonismoí tou 2001 [in Greek]
These regulations were issued under the authority of the 1996 Act concerning safety and health at work (see CIS 98-5). Contents: interpretation, scope, basis of application; obligations of employers, employees, self-employed persons and of other concerned persons. In annexes: tables and other details of requirements in connection with the use of personal protective equipment in specific industries, jobs or in the presence of specific hazards.
Episêmos Efêmeris tês Dêmokratias, 14 Dec. 2001, No.3558, Suppl. III(I), p.4810-4843.

CIS 02-421 Long A., Lyon M., Lyon G.
Health and Safety Executive
Industrial rope access - Investigation into items of personal protective equipment
Rope access refers to climbing or descending by means of a rope. This report investigates items of equipment used for work at height through rope access in industry and arboriculture. The investigation comprises tests and evaluations of ropes and attachments, including rope adjustment devices such as back-up devices, ascenders and descenders. Evaluations include discussions on how rope access and work-positioning may be effected using devices aimed at minimising or eliminating falls. Reference is made to existing and draft European and British standards.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Aug. 2001. iv, 159p. Illus. Price: GBP 20.00.

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