Risk evaluation - 1,588 entries found
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Safety during work on existing structures undergoing extensive renovation
Sécurité dans les travaux sur existants pour les travaux de réhabilitation, lourde ou exceptionnelle [in French]
This technical note applies to the preparation of building sites for work on existing structures which may present hazards to workers' safety and health due to the poor stability of the structures or foundations, the nature of the substances that can be encountered and the work methods used, as well as to the water, gas and electricity networks. Contents: scope; establishing the initial report on the state of the structure; prevention principle; preventive measures; special case of tenders from government bodies. A table presents ten examples of situations giving rise to serious accidents, some fatal, together with the recommended preventive measures.
Travail et sécurité, Jan. 2004, No.636, fascicule II, p.3-10. Illus.
Assessment of occupational risk: Methodology basics
Ocena ryzyka zawodowego: 1.Podstawy metodyczne [in Polish]
This monograph surveys the rules and methodologies of risk analysis with reference to the most important risk factors present in the working environment. Recent relevant changes in Polish and EU legislation are highlighted.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2004. 397p. Bibl.ref.
Álvarez González A., Yuste Grijalba J., Sánchez-Arcillas Conejo I.
Evaluation of occupational hazards in hospitals based on homogenous functional groups and on the Gescesan method
La evaluación de los riesgos laborales en los centros hospitalarios basada en los grupos funcionales homogéneos y en el método Gescesan [in Spanish]
An analysis of the advantages and drawbacks of the Gescesan hospital hazard evaluation method was carried out. This method consists of a computer-based application supplied by the Spanish National Institute for Occupational Hygiene and Safety (INHST). An example of an evaluation based on homogenous functional groups, which enables the definition of various activities within each service, is also presented.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, Dec. 2004, Vol.L, No.197, p.37-53. 18 ref.
Szymczak W., Szadkowska-Stańczyk I.
Quantitative assessment of lung cancer risk in men employed in the pulp and paper industry in Poland
To estimate the probability of death from lung cancer in the paper industry, a competing-risk prediction model was developed. The risk assessment was based on the data collected from a cohort of workers at a Polish paper plant. Using the model, it was possible to estimate an additional risk of lung cancer related to a specific period of occupational exposure, adjusted by age of entering the cohort. Thus in the group with first exposure at the age below 29, the risk changed from 2.25x10-7 during the first year of employment to 1.40x10-5 after 10 years, whereas in the group of workers with first exposure at the age of 50 years, the risk changed from 6.42x10-5 to 4.28x10-4. Using the risk model including elements of competing risk, it is possible to provide a more thorough characterization of the relationship between the exposure level and probability of death from lung cancer.
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 2nd quarter 2004, Vol.17, No.2, p.263-272. Illus. 23 ref.
Rajaraman P., De Roos A.J., Stewart P.A., Linet M.S., Fine H.A., Shapiro W.R., Selker R.G., Black P.M., Inskip P.D.
Occupation and risk of meningioma and acoustic neuroma in the United States
In this case-control study, occupation is examined as a possible risk factor for meningioma and acoustic neuroma. A lifetime work history was obtained for 197 cases of meningioma, 96 cases of acoustic neuroma and 799 controls with non-malignant diseases enrolled from three hospitals in the United States between 1994 and 1998. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (OR). Elevated risk of meningioma was observed for individuals who had ever worked in the following occupational groups: auto body painters, designers and decorators, military occupations, industrial production supervisors, teachers, and managers. For acoustic neuroma, increased risk was noted for having worked as an athlete, gas station attendant, purchasing agent, sales representative and teacher.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, May 2004, Vol.45, No.5, p.395-407. 28 ref.
World Health Organization (WHO)
IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans - Volume 83: Tobacco smoke and involuntary smoking
In a previous IARC Monograph on Tobacco Smoking (Vol.38, see CIS 89-350), a certain number of cancers were identified as caused by cigarette smoking. In the present report, the studies reviewed by the Working Group show sufficient evidence for a additional association between cigarette smoking and cancers of the nasal cavities, nasal sinuses, oesophagus, stomach, liver, kidney and uterine cervix, as well as myeloid leukaemia. There is evidence of synergy between smoking and several occupational causes of lung cancer (arsenic, asbestos and radon). Secondhand tobacco smoke includes the same carcinogens and toxic substances produced by active smoking. Non-smoking spouses of smokers, as well as non-smoking workers exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke at the workplace are at a statistically-significant increased risk of lung cancer. Overall, the Working Group concludes that exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke is carcinogenic in humans (Group 1).
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France, 2004. xiv, 1452 pages. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 40.00
Health and Safety Executive
Remotely operated shutoff valves (ROSOVs) for emergency isolation of hazardous substances - Guidance on good practice
This booklet provides guidance for operators of hazardous installations on identifying the need for the isolation of hazardous substances using remotely operated shutoff valves (ROSOVs) as an integral part of emergency arrangement for the safe and controlled shutdown of plant and equipment. It is based on the analysis of incidents that have occurred in the refining sector in the United Kingdom. Areas covered include: scope of the guidance; site assessment; selection criteria; selection and operation of ROSOVs. A case-specific assessment of the reasonable practicability of a ROSOV and a summary of relevant legal requirements are also included.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Aug. 2004. iv, 32p. Illus. 16 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.
Daycock J.H., Rew P.J.
Health and Safety Executive
Development of a method for the determination of on-site ignition probabilities
The estimation of probability of ignition is a key step in the assessment of risk for premises where flammable liquids or gases are stored. Currently, simple models tend to be used, which assume that ignition probability is a function only of release rate, or cloud size, and do not consider location, density or type of ignition source. Ignition sources on hazardous installation plants tend to be better controlled than off-site sources. However, these measures are mainly designed to prevent the ignition of small releases within defined hazardous areas. This report describes an ignition probability model that has been developed to consider larger, catastrophic, releases that may come into contact with on-site ignition sources within non-hazardous areas and buildings.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2004. iv, 67p. Illus. 36 ref. Price: GBP 20.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr226.pdf [in English]
Cheung S.O., Cheung K.K.W., Suen H.C.H.
CSHM: Web-based safety and health monitoring system for construction management
This paper describes a web-based system for monitoring and assessing construction safety and health performance, entitled the Construction Safety and Health Monitoring (CSHM) system. The design and development of CSHM involved the integration of Internet and database systems, and the devising of a list of safety and health performance parameters with the intent to create a fully-automated safety and health management tool for the construction industry. The four key components of CSHM consist of a Web-based interface, a knowledge base, output data and the benchmarking of the results. The system enables speedy assessment of safety and health on construction sites.
Journal of Safety Research, 2004, Vol.35, No.2, p.159-170. Illus. 39 ref.
Asbestos banned in Argentina
In 1997, Argentina gave priority to examining exposure to asbestos in its National Plan for the Sound Management of Chemicals, and it was the subject of a Technical Task Force on Occupational Cancer. After five years of public hearings in which government services, workers, industry advocates, environmentalists, clinicians, scientists and consumers participated, it was agreed that asbestos exposure is a risk factor for both workers and the general population, and that Argentina should provide to its people the same protections adopted by many developed countries. Pressure from asbestos industry groups initially resulted in the exemption of chrysotile asbestos from the proposed ban, but from January 1, 2003, the mining and import of all forms of asbestos were banned in Argentina (see CIS 04-19 and CIS 04-20 for the corresponding legal texts).
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Apr.-June 2004, Vol.10, No.2, p.202-208. Illus. 21 ref.
http://www.ijoeh.com/pfds/1002_Rodriguez.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Manual handling - Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 (as amended) - Guidance on regulations
The most recent survey of self-reported work-related illness estimated that 1.1 million persons in the United Kingdom suffer from musculoskeletal disorders, including those caused by manual handling. Furthermore, manual handling accidents are estimated to account for more than a third of all accidents reported each year. This booklet aims to help employers, managers, safety officers, safety representatives and employees control the risk of accidents and musculoskeletal injuries from manual handling. It provides guidance on the Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 (MHOR, see CIS 93-36) as amended by the Health and Safety (Miscellaneous Amendments) Regulations 2002 (see CIS 03-1011). Replaces CIS 00-240.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 3rd ed., 2004. iv, 88p. Illus. 45 ref. Price: GBP 8.95.
Health and Safety Executive
Investigating accidents and incidents - A workbook for employers, unions, safety representatives and safety professionals
This guidance on how to investigate accidents and incidents, including near misses, was prepared in consultation with industry, unions and health and safety professional bodies. It is intended as a first step in introducing organizations to the benefits of carrying out investigations and the methods by which accidents should be recorded, investigated and the findings acted upon. The guidance is aimed primarily at SMEs where it is often difficult to build up an expertise in investigating, although larger organizations may also find it helpful. The four steps featured in the guidance are: the gathering of information; the analysing of information; identifying risk control measures; the action plan and its implementation.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2004. iv, 82p. Illus. 19 ref. Price: GBP 9.50.
Hazards, public health and decision processes
Risques, sécurité sanitaire et processus de décision [in French]
The evaluation of major public health hazards is a central aspect of national health-care planning. Decision processes represent a key step determining whether these hazards and risks justify or not the launching of public intervention programmes. Resulting decisions are nationwide in scope. These hazards or risks can be relevant to three areas: the health care system, food and the environment. This publication presents the results of a retrospective research project aimed at making it easier to understand sanitary safety decisions taken in response to hazards or risks. Eight cases are studied, which then form the basis of a comparative overview.
Elsevier SAS, 23 rue Limois, 75725 Paris cedex 15, France, 2004. 170p. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 30.00.
Health and Safety Executive
A step by step guide to COSHH assessment
This document is aimed at helping employers to assess their activities under the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (COSHH, see CIS 03-1023). It describes and explains the principles of assessment with the help of with extensive examples. Topics covered: gathering information on the substances, the work and the working practices; evaluating the risk to health; deciding on the necessary measures to comply with regulations 7-13 of COSHH; recording the assessment; when the assessment needs to be reviewed; skills required for conducting an assessment; concept of "reasonable practicability". Replaces CIS 01-186.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 2004. viii, 46p. 25 ref. Price: GBP 8.95.
Gimnasios [in Spanish]
This guide in the form of check lists of potential hazards in gymnasiums and the main corresponding prevention measures is aimed at managers of small enterprises. Contents: machines and equipment; falls on the level; electrical hazards; physical hazards; harmful chemicals; biological agents; fires and explosions; workplace design; psychosocial and organizational factors; other risk factors; legislation; method for risk assessment.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 41p. Illus. Price: EUR 3.40.
http://www.mtas.es/insht/practice/gap_031.pdf [in Spanish]
Reparación de calzado [in Spanish]
This guide in the form of check lists of potential hazards in shoe repair and the principal prevention measures in the industry is aimed at managers of small enterprises. Contents: machines, equipment and tools; materials and fittings; falls on the level; electrical hazards; physical hazards; harmful chemicals; biological agents; fires and explosions; workplace design; psychosocial and organizational factors; other risk factors; legislation; method for risk assessment.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 53p. Illus. Price: EUR 3.40.
http://www.mtas.es/insht/practice/gap_030.pdf [in Spanish]
What is worth knowing about occupational risk
Co warto wiedzieć o ryzyku zawodowym [in Polish]
This practical guide to the assessment of occupational hazards is aimed at Polish employers. It explains the requirements relating to the management of the occupational safety system in accordance with the standards N-18001 and N-18002, which are legally binding in Poland. The simplified and advanced methods for hazard evaluation are discussed, together with the principles of organizing the occupational safety management system in compliance with Polish and international standards.
Ośrodek Doradztwa i Doskonalenia Kadr Sp. z o.o., ul. Obrońców Westerplatte 32a, 80-317 Gdańsk Oliwa, Poland, 2003. 152p. Illus. 19 ref.
Control of chemicals: Implications of the White Paper
Contrôle des substances chimiques: les enjeux du Livre Blanc [in French]
Newsletter of the French National Occupational Safety and Health Institute (INRS) comprising a series of interviews and articles which examine the implications of the new European policy with respect to evaluating the hazards related to chemicals (White Paper on the introduction of the REACH system). Topics addressed: role of the French labour ministry in applying the provisions of the White Paper; current and future role of the INRS with respect to the evaluation of chemicals; contribution of the European Commission White Paper towards the prevention of hazards related to chemicals within the enterprise; economic and social consequences of adopting the White Paper recommendations; analysis of the White Paper from the standpoint of occupational safety and health requirements.
Réalité Prévention, May 2003, No.1, p.1-8 (whole issue). Illus.
http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/Page%20Editoriale%20Presse%20Realite%20Prevention/$File/print.html [in French]
Health and Safety Executive
Preventing slips and trips at work
Slips and trips are the single most common cause of injuries at work. This booklet provides simple, effective solutions for the prevention of slip and trip hazards. Topics covered: managing health and safety; examining slip and trip risks; legal requirements; good working practice; cleaning and maintenance; actions to eliminate specific hazards. Replaces previous edition (CIS 03-1112).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, rev. ed., 2005. 11p. Illus. 2 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg225.pdf [in English]
Technical guide for the assessment and prevention of hazards in construction work
Guía técnica para la evaluación y prevención de los riesgos relativos a los obras de construcción [in Spanish]
This guide is aimed at helping managers and OSH specialists to interpret and implement the provisions of the Royal Decree 1627/1997 establishing minimum safety and health requirements for construction work (see CIS 97-1776), and more particularly the provisions concerning the assessment of health hazards together with the corresponding preventive measures.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2003. 125p.
http://www.mtas.es/insht/practice/g_obras.pdf [in Spanish]
Rodrigues A., Oliveira A., Oliveira B., Telo E., Franco H.
Exposure to biological agents
Exposição a agentes biológicos [in Portuguese]
This information booklet, which is primarily intended for employers and employees of small enterprises, explains how to avoid or reduce the risks related to exposure to biological agents. Contents: definition of biological agent; classification of biological agents; occupations that present biological hazards; various types of exposure (direct contact through the handling of biological agents, indirect contact, contagion); measures to be adopted for workers' protection (technical prevention, medical supervision, safety and health training); consequences of exposure to biological agents; current legislation.
Instituto de Desenvolvimento e Inspecção das Condições de Trabalho (IDICT), Lisboa, Portugal, March 2003. 48p. Illus.
Stress and occupational risk-taking
Stress et prises de risques professionnels [in French]
This review article discusses the influence of stress on high-level cognitive procedures such as judgment and decision-making in the context of risk assessment. It focuses on the impact of stress in the work environment on risk-taking when complex technical systems have to be implemented. Analysis of recent findings suggests that stress generates poor-quality data processing operations for activities designated as complex in cognitive psychology terms. Stress is a contributory cause of bias in assessment procedures, because it affects all stages involved in obtaining appropriate estimates of risk. Narrowing the perceptual field affects data selection and diminishes the range of indicators taken into account; narrowing the cognitive field modifies the optimum weighting that would normally apply to these factors. In addition, stress accelerates the adoption of simplified strategies that encourage the use of often contradictory localized rationales, to the detriment of more broad-based ones that would enable a wider view to be taken. Examination of these findings leads to the conclusion that it is the diversity and creativeness of cognitive resources that are most affected by stress. On the basis of experimental findings, a neuro-psychological hypothesis involving interconnecting networks is proposed.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, May 2003, Vol.64, No.3, p.148-156. Illus. 47 ref.
Evaluate to prevent, understand to act
Evaluer pour prévenir, comprendre pour agir [in French]
The development of hazard evaluation within enterprises is among the objectives of the policy defined by the French supervisory committee for the prevention of occupational hazards (Conseil supérieur de la prévention des risques professionnels). For this reason, various French government agencies jointly published this guide together with several occupational safety and health organizations. Its purpose is to facilitate this approach to occupational safety and health. It is aimed at enterprise owners, but also at workers' representatives, occupational physicians, industry and trade associations and safety and health specialists. Contents: objectives of hazard evaluation for the purposes of improving occupational safety and health; steps to be followed; external organizations which can assist enterprises in carrying out this evaluation.
Ministère des affaires sociales, du travail et de la solidarité, Paris, France, Mar. 2003. 32p. Illus.
http://www.sante-securite.travail.gouv.fr/pdf/Prevenir.pdf [in French]
Including gender issues in risk assessment
Inddragelse af kønsaspekter i risikovurderinger [in Danish]
Die Berücksichtigung des Geschlechteraspekts bei der Risikoanalyse [in German]
Éntaxē tēs diástasēs tou fúlou stēn ektímēsē kindúnōn [in Greek]
La inclusión de los aspectos de género en la evaluación de riesgos [in Spanish]
Sooliste aspektide lülitamine riskianalüüsi [in Estonian]
Att inbegripa könsrollsfrågorna i riskbedömningen [in Swedish]
Inserire le problematiche legate al genere nella valutazione dei rischi [in Italian]
Genderdimensie in de risicoanalyse [in Dutch]
Płeć pracowników a ocena zagrożeń [in Polish]
Integrar a dimensão do género na avaliação dos riscos [in Portuguese]
Zahrnutie otázok rodovej rovnosti do posudzovania rizika [in Slovak]
Intégrer les questions de genre dans l'évaluation des risques [in French]
Continuous efforts are needed to improve the working conditions of both women and men. However, taking a "gender-neutral" approach to risk assessment and prevention can result in risks to female workers being underestimated or even ignored altogether. When one considers hazards at work, one is more likely to think of men working in high-accident risk areas such as a building site or a fishing vessel than of women working in health and social care or in new areas such as call centres. A careful examination of real work circumstances shows that both women and men can face significant risks at work. It is therefore important to include gender issues in workplace risk assessments, and the mainstreaming of gender issues into risk prevention is now an objective of the European Community. This fact sheet contains a table showing examples of hazards and risks found in female-dominated work areas, and presents an approach for making hazard evaluations more gender-sensitive.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2003. 2p. Illus. 4 ref.
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/43/en/FACTS-43_EN.PDF [in English]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/43/fr/FACTS-43_FR.pdf [in French]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/43/da/FACTS-43_DA.pdf [in Danish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/43/de/FACTS-43_DE.pdf [in German]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/43/et/facts43_et.pdf [in Estonian]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/43/el/FACTS-43_EL.pdf [in Greek]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/43/it/FACTS-43_IT.pdf [in Italian]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/43/nl/FACTS-43_NL.pdf [in Dutch]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/43/pl/Fakty_43_PL.pdf [in Polish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/43/pt/FACTS-43_PT.pdf [in Portuguese]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/43/sk/Fact43_SK.pdf [in Slovak]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/43/sv/FACTS-43_SV.pdf [in Swedish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/43/es/FACTS-43_ES.pdf [in Spanish]
Accident prevention in the construction sector
Forebyggelse af ulykker i bygge- og anlægsbranchen [in Danish]
Unfallverhütung im Bausektor [in German]
Prólēpsē atuhēmátōn ston kládo tōn kataskeuṓn [in Greek]
Prevención de accidentes en el sector de la construcción [in Spanish]
Förebyggande av olyckor inom byggnadssektorn [in Swedish]
Prévention des accidents dans le secteur de la construction [in French]
Prevenzione infortuni nel settore dell'edilizia [in Italian]
Ongevallenpreventie in de bouwnijverheid [in Dutch]
Zapobieganie wypadkom w budownictwie [in Polish]
Prevenção de acidentes no sector da construção [in Portuguese]
Tapaturmien torjunta rakennusalalla [in Finnish]
In the European Union, construction is the sector most at risk of accidents, with more than 1300 workers being killed in construction accidents every year. Worldwide, construction workers are three times more likely to be killed and twice as likely to be injured as workers in other occupations. The cost of these accidents is immense to the workers, to employers and to society in general. More than 99% of the construction firms in Europe are small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). SMEs are therefore most affected by construction accidents. Contents of this fact sheet aimed at construction enterprises: labour inspection; responsibilities; hazard evaluation; practical prevention; moving loads; housekeeping and safe areas; training and information; personal protective equipment.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2003. 2p. Illus. 6 ref.
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/36/en/FACTS%20N15-EN.PDF [in English]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/36/sv/FACTS%20N15-SV.PDF [in Swedish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/36/fr/FACTS%20N15-FR.PDF [in French]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/36/da/FACTSN15-DA.PDF [in Danish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/36/de/FACTSN15-DE.PDF [in German]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/36/el/FACTSN15-EL.PDF [in Greek]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/36/it/FACTSN15-IT.PDF [in Italian]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/36/nl/FACTS%20N15-NL.PDF [in Dutch]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/36/pl/Fakty_36_PL.pdf [in Polish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/36/pt/FACTS%20N15-PT.PDF [in Portuguese]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/36/fi/FACTS%20N15-FI.PDF [in Finnish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/36/es/FACTSN15-ES.PDF [in Spanish]
Vincent J.H., Werner M.A.
Critical evaluation of historical occupational aerosol exposure records: Applications to nickel and lead
This paper describes a model for evaluating individual data sets for occupational aerosol exposures in terms of their usefulness in hazard evaluation or standards setting. Reported occupational exposures to airborne nickel and lead are used as examples. It was found that published data sets are highly inconsistent in terms of the criteria by which the data were obtained, and are notably lacking in the essential details of the methods that were used. The evaluation model described in this paper provides not only a basis for the evaluation of historical exposure data but also guidelines for exposure assessments to be carried out in the future.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Jan. 2003, Vol.47, No.1, p.49-59. Illus. 16 ref.
Tools for the application of European directives on health at the workplace. The example of chemical risk
Werkzeuge zur Umsetzung des Europäischen Richtlinien zum Gesundheitsschutz bei der Arbeit. Beispiel der chemischen Gefährdungen [in German]
Ergaleía gia tēn Efarmogḗ tōn Eurōpaïkṓn odēgiṓn ston Toméa tēs Ugeías stēn Ergasía. To Parádeigma tou Hēmikoú Kindúnou [in Greek]
Outils pour l'application des directives européennes sur la santé au travail. Exemple du risque chimique [in French]
Within the framework of the Hellenic presidency of the European Union, ELINYAE (the Hellenic Institute for Occupational Health and Safety), supported by the Greek Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, organized the eighth international symposium of the Research Section of the International Social Security Association (ISSA) held in Athens, Greece, from 19-21 May 2003. The theme of the symposium was "Tools for the application of European directives on health at the workplace" based on the example of chemical hazards. This document consists of the conference proceedings and includes close to 150 papers in English, Greek, German and French. The proceedings are also available in PDF format on CD-ROM (included).
Hellenic Institute for Occupational Health and Safety, Liosion 143 and Thirsiou 6, 10445 Athēna, Greece, 2003. 640p. Illus. Bibl. ref. + CD-ROM.
Miller J., Tischer M., Vosseler C., Bark K., Weick V.
Chemical management guide
This guide was developed as part of a training programme for small to medium enterprises who wish to obtain cost savings through the improved management of chemicals. It describes a step-by-step approach to identify and reduce costs and risks related to the use of chemicals. A first step consists of identifying "hot spots" or critical issues with respect to inefficiency or hazards. A second step involves making an inventory of the chemicals used in the enterprise. The two steps provide the necessary information to calculate potential loses, assess risks, consider substitutes, determine improvements and controls, and monitor and evaluate the results obtained. Part III contains useful tools: basic concepts for risk assessment; description of control approaches; guide to the use of Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs); list of R- and S-phrases; symbols used for labelling; glossary of terms.
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Dag-Hammarskjöld-Weg 1-5, 65780 Eschborn, Germany, 2003. 91p. Illus.
http://www2.gtz.de/chs/dload/ChemGuide.zip [in English]
Turner J.T., Gelles M.G.
Threat assessment: A risk management approach
This book examines the factors that human resource, security, legal and behavioural professionals need to understand in work violence and threat situations that disrupt the working environment (cyberthreats, fear of stalking, insider threats), revealing the best ways to reduce risk and manage emergencies. It includes case studies and hypothetical examples that illustrate recommended practices and provides detailed interviewing methods that can increase the efficiency of current strategies. Helpful appendices provide sample forms for identification cards, stay-away letters, workplace behaviour improvement plans for problem employees, questions for health care providers and announcements to employees regarding security changes.
The Haworth Press. Inc., 10 Alice Street, Binghamton, New York 13904-1580, USA, 2003. xxv, 179p. 107 ref. Index. Price: USD 24.95 (soft cover).
Villar Fernández M.F., García Molina C., Armendáriz Pérez de Ciriza P., Cuenca Álvarez R., Sanz Merinero J.A., Villanueva del Rio M., Sebastián García O., Tortosa Latonda L., Ferreras Remesal A., Castelló Mercé P., Piedrabuena Cuesta A.
Manual on the assessment and prevention ergonomic and psychosocial hazards in SMEs
Manual para la evaluación y prevención de riesgos ergonómicos y psicosociales en PYME [in Spanish]
This manual is aimed at persons responsible for occupational safety and health in SMEs. It presents simple procedures for identifying ergonomic and psychosocial hazards. It consists of three main parts: a list to help establish the inventory of ergonomic and psychosocial hazards that are inherent to the enterprise; a compilation of simple tools and methodologies for assessing these hazards; a series of examples showing the approach used for identifying and assessing the hazards as well as proposals for closing the highlighted gaps. Appendices include 10 sheets for assessing various types of hazard (list for establishing the initial inventory hazards, thermal conditions, noise, lighting, workstation design, work at screens, manual handling, work posture and repetitive work, mental workload, psychosocial factors).
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2003. 96p. Illus. 29 ref. (manual) + 28p (annex) in binder. Price: EUR 31.25.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/information/estudiostec/et_099.htm [in Spanish]
Schach V., Jahanbakht S., Livardjani F., Flesch F., Jaeger A., Haïkel Y.
Risks from mercury in dental practices: Past history or near future?
Le risque mercuriel dans les cabinets dentaires: histoire ancienne ou futur proche? [in French]
Mercury is the cause of mercurialism, an occupational disease recognized as such in the schedule of occupational diseases. Furthermore, it has been established that this metal is an important pollutant, both for the atmospheric and marine environments. This literature review examines occupational hazards caused by the inhalation of mercury in the dental profession. Contents: evaluation of the exposure to mercury among dentists; epidemiological studies among dentists; causes of pollution by mercury in dental practices; prevention (substitution, local exhaust, housekeeping, personal hygiene); medical supervision; compensation; French regulations.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 2003, No.93, p.7-23. Illus. 52 ref.
Abiteboul D., Lolom I., Lamontagne F., Pellissier G., Tarantola A., Descamps J.M., Bouvet E.
Risk of blood exposure among hospital workers - Trends 1990-2000
Risque d'exposition au sang parmi le personnel hospitalier - Evolution 1990-2000 [in French]
A survey had been conducted among health care workers in 1990 to quantify the frequency and risk factors of blood exposure accidents (BEAs). 502 nurses from 17 hospitals had volunteered to participate. It was the first study that yielded data not only on the frequencies by nurse, but also by risk-involving task (injection, sample collection, installing and removing intravenous perfusions, work involving pacemakers). The most hazardous tasks were identified and ranked. The objective of the present study was to analyse the trends in BEA risks ten years later. Participants included 1506 volunteers among nurses in 36 hospitals. There were significant improvements from 1990 to 2000, the frequency of BEAs having decreased from approximately 0.35 to 0.12 per nurse per year, and needlestick injuries, which are the leading cause, from 0.26 to 0.07 respectively, per nurse per year.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 2003, No.96, p.447-457. Illus. 25 ref.
Duquenoy-Bizouerne A.F., Falcy M.
Art restoration workers: Evaluation of toxicological hazards
Restaurateurs de tableaux: évaluation des risques toxicologiques [in French]
The French National Occupational Safety and Health Institute (INRS) has been consulted on several occasions on hazards faced by art restoration workers, in particular risks to the reproductive system. Given the paucity of available data, this work was undertaken to study the job of art restoration workers at an important French restoration facility, and to evaluate toxicological and other occupational hazards. The work involved in particular the identification of the main products used and to quantify exposures to solvents using personal sampling. Further data ware obtained by means of questionnaires from a sample of 49 art restoration workers. It was concluded that occupational hazards incurred by these workers are moderate in comparison to exposures encountered in industrial settings.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 2003, No.96, p.419-440. Illus. 58 ref.
Andéol B., Guillemy N, Leroy A.
Evaluation of occupational hazards - Questions and answers on the single document
Evaluation des risques professionnels - Questions-réponses sur le document unique [in French]
New regulatory provisions introduced into French legislation require that the evaluation of hazards within the enterprise be recorded in a specific document (see CIS 01-1278). The objective of this booklet is to provide some answers to the most frequently-asked questions concerning this requirement. Contents: format of the document; practical details concerning the preparation of the document; contents; follow-up and updating; documents that contain useful information for hazard evaluation.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, June 2003. 16p.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/332A4ADB11562290C1256CD9005195FB/08.06FILE/ed887.pdf [in French]
Bigby D., Cassie J.
Health and Safety Executive
Stability and support of sides of mine roadways
This report addresses a number of areas which required research efforts in order to improve the mining industry's ability to support roadway sides safely. These have included developing an improved appreciation of the failure mechanisms involved and an improved understanding of how coal rib reinforcements behave in situ. There was also a need to develop rib stability risk assessment tools and instrumentation which would allow rib conditions to be monitored and assessed, and appropriate remedial action to be taken to prevent rib falls. Work under the project has contributed to the drafting of a revised British Standard on Strata Reinforcement Support System Components used in Coal Mines - Part 1 (BS7861:1). The project has also developed improved methods of numerical modelling and stress analysis of mine ribsides and pillars including assessment of in situ stress through the detection of the Kaiser Effect.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. xviii, 204p. Illus. 44 ref. Price: GBP 25.00.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr153.pdf [in English]
Gadd S., Keeley D., Balmforth H.
Health and Safety Executive
Good practice and pitfalls in risk assessment
This report presents the findings of a study conducted by the Health and Safety Laboratory to identify and highlight the common pitfalls in industry risk assessment methodologies and their application, and to briefly summarize how different Health and Safety Executive (HSE) divisions evaluate risk assessments. A comprehensive literature search was carried out to identify possible published critiques of both general and specific risk assessments methodologies, or references that include descriptions of risk assessment pitfalls. The report presents examples of good practice in relation to risk assessment, and contrasts these with pitfalls encountered by HSE, illustrated by 26 case studies.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. viii, 54p. Illus. 42 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr151.pdf [in English]
Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals (BUA)
Risk assessment of substances in the soil
This criteria document gives an extensive overview of the testing procedures needed to perform a risk assessment of hazardous substances present in the soil. Contents: general procedures according to EU and German legislation; exposure evaluation; determination of the effective concentration; test strategy for the risk assessment of substances in the soil.
S. Hirzel Verlag, Birkenwaldstrasse 44, 70191 Stuttgart, Germany, 2003. xiv, 207p. Illus. 98 ref.
http://www.hirzel.de/bua-report/PDF/Summary_Report230.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002. Approved Code of Practice and guidance
This document provides a general Approved Code of Practice and guidance on the Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR) (see CIS 03-1035). DSEAR sets minimum requirements for the protection of workers from fire and explosion risks related to dangerous substances and potentially explosive atmospheres. The key requirements in DSEAR are that risks from dangerous substances are assessed and eliminated or reduced. The regulations revokes, repeals or modifies a large amount of old legislation relating to flammable substances and dusts.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. vi, 93p. Illus. Price: GBP 15.50.
Risk assessment report for existing substances - Methyl tertiary-butyl ether
This report presents a comprehensive risk assessment of methyl t-butyl ether (MTBE). MTBE is not dangerous to aquatic and other environmental organisms. The toxicokinetic data in experimental animals do not give any reasons for concern with regard to bioaccumulation of MTBE or its metabolites, effects on the central nervous system, genotoxicity or potential effects on reproduction. For human health, skin and respiratory irritation are regarded as the primary concern. The overall conclusion for the risk assessment of MTBE is that there is a need for further information and/or testing.
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, Dec. 2003. 288p. Approx. 370 ref.
Calvert G.M., Rice F.L., Boiano J.M., Sheehy J.W., Sanderson W.T.
Occupational silica exposure and risk of various diseases: An analysis using death certificates from 27 states of the United States
This matched case-control study was carried out to investigate the relationship between exposure to silica and a number of diseases generally associated with exposure to silica. Data were collected from the United States National Occupational Mortality Surveillance system. Cases were subjects whose death certificate mentioned the disease of interest. Control groups consisted of subjects whose death certificate did not mention any of several diseases reported to be associated with crystalline silica exposure. Subjects were assigned into a qualitative crystalline silica exposure category based on the occupation mentioned on their death certificate. Cases with detectable crystalline silica exposure had a significantly increased risk for silicosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary tuberculosis and rheumatoid arthritis. A significant trend of increasing risk with increasing silica exposure was observed for these same conditions and for lung cancer. Those with the highest exposure to crystalline silica had a significantly increased risk for silicosis, lung cancer, COPD and pulmonary tuberculosis. Finally, those with silicosis had a significantly increased risk for COPD, pulmonary tuberculosis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2003, Vol.60, No.2, p.122-129. 88 ref.
Nitro derivatives of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the environment
Nitrowe pochodne wielopierścieniowych węglowodorów aromatycznych w środowisku [in Polish]
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their nitro derivatives (nitro-PAHs) are present in the environment. They are derived from products of natural origin, and are also formed as a result of thermal processes. These compounds are classified as harmful, carcinogenic and mutagenic. They pollute the atmosphere, the workplace air and various other parts of the environment.
Bezpieczeństwo pracy, Mar. 2003, No.3, p.17-20. Illus. 9 ref.
Tint P., Kiivet G.
A simple and flexible risk assessment method in the work environment
The existing risk assessment models in the work environment based on the BS 8800:1996 standard require the determination of the probability of occurrence and severity of consequences of hazardous factors for the worker. However, determining the probabilities of the influence of hazards such as noise, vibration or chemicals is complicated. This article presents a simple two-step risk assessment method that does not require probabilities to be defined. The model can be extended to include additional steps. An example of the practical implementation of the method applied to the evaluation of the hazards in a large Estonian wood-working enterprise is presented.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2003, Vol.9, No.2, p.219-228. Illus. 10 ref.
Karpowicz J., Gryz K.
Electromagnetic hazards in European countries - Mobile phone base stations
Zagrożenia elektromagnetyczne w państwach europejskich. Stacje bazowe telefonii komórkowej [in Polish]
Mobile phone base stations are sources of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation. There is currently a lot of interest in studies on exposures of persons and the environment to such radiation. This article presents the current situation concerning legal requirements in European countries with respect to assessment criteria and measurement methods for radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation emitted by mobile telephony base stations and concludes that there are currently no uniform standards or laws, each country adopting its own solutions.
Bezpieczeństwo pracy, Apr. 2003, No.4 (381), p.17-19. Illus. 7 ref.
Iparraguirre J.F., Mallet G., Rio S., Bonthoux F., Vincent R.
Simplified evaluation of chemical hazards in the workplace
Evaluation simplifiée des risques chimiques au travail [in French]
This article presents a simplified method for the evaluation of chemical hazards suited to small and medium enterprises. The first two steps consist of compiling an inventory of the chemicals that are present in the workplace and of ranking the potential hazards from the viewpoint of safety and health, fires and explosions, and the environment. The third step which consists of in-depth evaluations of the hazards and the measures to be implemented for managing the hazards is covered in an other article.
Face au risque, Nov. 2003, No.397, p.24-28. Illus. 3 ref.
Fuertes Peña J., Rubio Romero J.C.
Comparative analysis of the main methods for evaluating fire hazards
Análisis comparativo de los principales métodos de evaluación del riesgo de incendio [in Spanish]
This article summarizes the characteristics of eight methods for evaluating fire hazards (K coefficient and ALPHA factors method, Edwin E. Smith and G.A. Herpol method, intrinsic risk method, Meseri method, Gustav Purt method, Gretener method, ERIC method, FRAM method), and discusses the conclusions drawn from applying six of these methods to a real case. It turns out that it is difficult make global, unique and definite evaluations of the fire hazard, which is why different methods are available. The choice of one or another of the methods should be made according to the specified requirements and the objectives defined.
Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.25, p.12-17. Illus. 17 ref.
Environmental risk assessment of difficult substances
Experience has shown that certain substances have properties that complicate the assessment of exposure and effects. Such substances are often referred to as "difficult substances". The properties or attributes of "difficult substances" have been analysed in relation to the problems arising from the assessment of the effects and/or exposure. This report specifically addresses the risk assessment of substances with the following properties: unstable and highly reactive; poorly water soluble; sorptive; surface active; volatile; naturally occurring, essential and multi-ionic elements. Some substances display more than one of these characteristics and thus, no single property should be considered in isolation. A holistic approach should be applied when conducting a risk assessment for a "difficult substance', taking into account the influence of all properties or attributes.
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, June 2003. 109p. Illus. 181 ref.
Crawley F., Tyler B.
European Process Safety Centre (EPSC)
Hazard identification methods
Hazard identification is fundamental to the safe design and operation of any system, be it a process plant or any other facility. Aimed to assist safety specialists and managers, this guide presents the most commonly used techniques, and then directs the reader to publications where further guidance may be found. The selection is based on an analysis of the more common techniques used by European Process Safety Centre members, namely fault tree analysis, event tree analysis, and failure modes and effects analysis.
IchemE, Davis Building, 165-189 Railway Terrace, Rugby CV21 3HQ, United Kingdom, 2003. ix, 98p. Illus. 23 ref. Price: GBP 45.00.
Willquist P., Törner M.
Identifying and analysing hazards in manufacturing industry - A review of selected methods and development of a framework for method applicability
Literature review of methods for the identification and analysis of the risk of occupational accidents in the food industry. Twenty-one methods are reviewed. The methods are described together with a short description of procedures, area of the analysis and relevance to the food industry. A methodological framework was developed distinguishing three different approaches of risk analysis based on scope and type of available input data. The different approaches were termed "biased reactive", "biased proactive" and "unbiased proactive". This framework will enable practitioners to select specific methods of risk analysis depending on prerequisites and context.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep. 2003, Vol.32, No.3, p.165-180. Illus. 37 ref.
Are you aware of the hazard potential of your enterprise? - A hazard portfolio enabling you to establish an overview
Connaissez-vous le potentiel de danger de votre entreprise? - Le portefeuille des dangers vous permet d'obtenir une vue d'ensemble [in French]
Kennen Sie das Gafahrenpotenzial im Betrieb? - Das Gefahren - Portfolio verschafft einen Überblick [in German]
Conoscete il potenziale di pericolo nella vostra azienda? - Il portfolio dei pericoli: una panoramica [in Italian]
Applying the "hazards portfolio" approach, one can get an overview of the risks within the enterprise and respond to the legal requirements in the field of occupational safety. This booklet presents the approach and explains the various steps involved for its' implementation. Contents: introduction and definitions; developing the hazards portfolio; applying the results of the hazards portfolio. Appendices include: forms for listing the hazards inventory and portfolio; hazard tables; example of hazards portfolio for a fictitious road surfacing enterprise.
Suva, Gesundheitsschutz, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 1st ed., Apr. 2003. 26p. Illus. 15 ref.
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/66105-f.pdf [in French]
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/66105-d.pdf [in German]
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/66105-i.pdf [in Italian]
Savary B., Vincent R., Peltier A., Dornier G.
Le béryllium [in French]
Beryllium is used in many industrial applications; it is toxic, even at low concentrations. This safety information sheet summarizes the current state of knowledge with respect to prevention measures to be adopted when working in the presence of beryllium, as well as current legislation. Contents: uses (alloys, recovery of precious metals, aerospace, nuclear reactors, weaponry, scientific instruments); health hazards (berylliosis, skin and renal symptoms); exposure evaluation; biological monitoring; hazard management.
Travail et sécurité, Apr. 2003, No.628, Insert. 4p. Illus. 5 ref.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/ED+5020/$File/ed5020.pdf [in French]
Health and Safety Executive
Safe working and the prevention of infection in clinical laboratories and similar facilities
This guidance is intended primarily to cover working practices in clinical pathology laboratories, and updates the 1991 edition (see CIS 91-2072) by taking into account the requirements under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995 (see CIS 95-1930) and the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) 2002. Contents: introduction; health and safety law; health and safety management; categorization of biological agents; buildings and accommodation; standard operating procedures and safe working practices; equipment; revision of standard practices and procedures; cleaning, decontamination and waste disposal; information, instruction and training; health surveillance and immunization; incidents and accidents; audits. Appendices include: microbiological safety cabinets; disinfectants and disinfection of clinical laboratories; packaging requirements for diagnostic specimens; staff safety guidelines.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 2003. iv, 80p. Illus. 61 ref. Price: GBP 9.50.
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