Risk evaluation - 1,588 entries found
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Occupational hazards in building engineering
Ryzyko zawodowe w budownictwie [in Polish]
Employers' obligations with regard to occupational hazard assessment are listed and an algorithm for hazard assessment is discussed in detail. Methods of assessment documentation of results are also described.
Główny Inspektorat Pracy, ul. Krucza 38/42,00-926 Warszawa, Poland, 2005. 39p. Illus. 10 ref.
http://www.pip.gov.pl/html/pl/doc/07040032.pdf [in Polish]
Occupational hazard evaluation and prevention approaches - What impact on the practices of the actors?
Démarches d'évaluation et de prévention des risques professionnels - Quels impacts sur les pratiques des acteurs? [in French]
Since November 2001, French enterprises have been required to establish an approach to hazard evaluation and prevention by means of a "unique document". This study examined the impact of this requirement in the Languedoc-Roussillon region of France. It involved a qualitative analysis of a sample of 12 enterprises, together with a statistical survey of the committees of occupational hygiene, safety and working conditions (CHSCT) in the region. Findings allowed the identification of approaches to hazard evaluation and prevention and their impact on management, work organization and social dialogue, as well as ideas for action at the regional level.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Dec. 2005. 68p. Illus.
http://www.anact.fr/pls/portal/docs/1/15749.PDF [in French]
International Stress Management Association (ISMA) UK
Making the stress Management Standards work: How to apply the standards in your workplace
This leaflet outlines the Health and Safety Executive's Management Standards approach to work-related stress (see CIS 07-242) and gives practical advice on how to implement them. The standards are based on the HSE's "Five steps to risk assessment" (see CIS 07-10): identify the hazards; decide who may be harmed and how; evaluate the risk; record the findings; monitor and review. Although the risk assessment process takes a collective, proactive approach, it also takes account of individual differences and problems.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. 8p.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/misc714.pdf [in English]
Arndt V., Rothenbacher D., Daniel U., Zschenderlein B., Schuberth S., Brenner H.
Construction work and risk of occupational disability: A ten year follow up of 14 474 male workers
A cohort of 14,474 male construction workers in Germany aged 25-64 years who underwent medical examinations between 1986 and 1992 and were granted a disability pension during the 10 year follow up were identified. All-cause and cause specific standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were calculated using disability rates from the general German workforce and from all blue-collar workers in Germany as references. In total, 2247 members of the cohort were granted a disability pension. Major causes of disability were musculoskeletal (45%) and cardiovascular diseases (19%). In comparison with the general workforce, construction workers experienced a higher risk of disability from cancer (SIR=1.26), respiratory diseases (SIR=1.27), musculoskeletal diseases (SIR=2.16), poisoning (SIR=2.52) and all causes combined (SIR=1.47). When compared with the blue-collar reference group, increased risks of disability among construction workers were found for musculoskeletal diseases (SIR=1.53), poisoning (SIR=1.83) and all causes combined (SIR=1.11).
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 2005, Vol.62, No.8, p.559-566. 51 ref.
Persoons R., Dumas L., Stoklov M., Maître A.
Development of a new method for evaluating chemical hazards: Application in hospital laboratories
Développement d'une nouvelle méthode d'évaluation des risques chimiques: application dans les laboratoires hospitaliers [in French]
Regulations concerning chemical hazards and the need to ensure occupational safety and health led a large French university hospital to implement a system for evaluating toxicological occupational hazards in medical laboratories. Chemical hazards were identified and characterized using the risk phrases contained in material safety data sheets and the hazards were ranked in importance using an algorithm. Exposure assessment was carried out by in situ observations for the most hazardous chemicals and risk indices were developed to allow the determination of unacceptable exposure conditions.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, Sep. 2005, Vol.66, No.4, p.326-334. 9 ref.
Evaluation of occupational hazards - Guide for the identification of hazards in SMEs
Evaluation des risques professionnels - Aide au repérage des risques dans les PME-PMI [in French]
Occupational risk assessment and prevention form part of the responsibilities of all enterprise managers. This guide aims to help managers organize the occupational safety and health approach of their company in a simple manner. Three steps are proposed: identify the hazardous situations, choose the risks to be dealt with as a priority, and apply the prevention measures. It contains 17 sheets addressing the most common hazards, together with the corresponding prevention measures. Replaces CIS 03-1607.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 3rd ed., Oct. 2005. 28p. Illus. Price: EUR 4.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_view_view/770501BB2421E94CC1256CD90050E4E1/$FILE/ed840.pdf [in French]
Mauguen G., Bardet P., Galtier Y., Lesné P., Lys J., Petit J.M.
Evaluation of fire hazards within the enterprise - Methodology guide
Evaluation du risque incendie dans l'entreprise - Guide méthodologique [in French]
This guide provides enterprises with basic information for the evaluation of fire hazards. The methodology described should be adapted to specific situations. Contents: legal requirements for different types of buildings; fire behaviour and the consequences of a fire; identification of fire hazards (inventory of dangerous substances and potential sources of ignition); assessment of the consequences of a fire; fire prevention and protection methods. In Annex: classification of materials according to their flammability or fire resistance; example of a table to help in the evaluation of fire hazards.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Dec. 2005. 28p. Illus. 20 ref. Price: EUR 4.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/EFC599D618E3A90DC125711F003CEA16/$FILE/ed970.pdf [in French]
Risk assessment of PBT chemicals
This report presents an introduction into the principles of risk assessment, and its application to persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) chemicals and very persistent, very bioaccumulative (vPvB) chemicals. Main topics covered: definitions of persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity and review of existing regulatory schemes; principles of risk assessment for PBT and vPvB chemicals; environmental exposure assessment; assessment of bioaccumulation; environmental effects assessment; recommended risk assessment strategy for PBT chemicals; advances in risk assessment.
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, Dec. 2005. 126p. 162 ref.
De Fex R.L.
Guide to the hazard evaluation of chemical substances during transport over land
Guía para evaluar el peligro de una sustancia química durante su transporte terrestre [in Spanish]
This article proposes a method for calculating the chemical substance transport risk index (IRTPQ) for evaluating the hazards of dangerous substances during transportation. It is based on the hazard evaluation scales of the NFPA 704 standard (standardized system for the identification of hazards due to substances for the purposes of emergency interventions) and on three additional factors: odour intensity, complications related to the planned route and the availability of help in the event of an emergency along the route. Two examples of calculations are also included.
Protección y seguridad, Nov.-Dec. 2005, Vol.51, No.304, p.52-58. Illus. 4 ref.
Consequence and likelihood in risk assessment: A matter of balance in UK health and safety risk estimation practice
This article argues that risk assessment methodologies commonly applied within United Kingdom safety and health risk assessment practice are biased towards considerations of possible consequences rather than overall risk. This is seen to be leading to a slow shift towards risk aversion in safety and health decision making. A reworking of existing risk estimation methodology is therefore proposed. Instead of seeking an explicit value for the level of risk, it is suggested that, in lower risk industrial and commercial sectors, it is sufficient to establish whether the risk is likely to fall within an intolerable, tolerable or acceptable risk zone. Once this evaluation has been completed, risks judged to fall within the tolerable zone can be prioritized using values of exposure to the hazard. The method is seen as having significant advantages over other semi-quantitative risk assessment approaches presently used.
Safety Science, June-July 2005, Vol.43, No.5-6, p.345-353. Illus. 16 ref.
Augustyńska D., Pośniak M.
Harmful factors in the working environment: Occupational exposure limits 2005
Czynniki szkodliwe w środowisku pracy: wartości dopuszczalne 2005 [in Polish]
This publication sets out requirements relating to the working environment and lists occupational exposure limits for chemical and physical agents in Poland. Requirements for hazard evaluation and the measurement of levels of harmful agents in the workplace are also presented.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2005. 338p. Illus.
Chemicals Risk Assessment Bureau (BERPC) - Press pack - 24 March 2005
Bureau d'évaluation des risques des produits et agents chimiques (BERPC) - Dossier de presse - 24 mars 2005 [in French]
Press pack announcing the creation of the Chemicals Risk Assessment Bureau (BERPC, Bureau d'évaluation des risques des produits et agents chimiques), a joint structure involving the French national occupational safety and health institute (INRS) and the French national institute for the industrial environment and risks (INERIS). Contents: press release; regulatory provisions for the registration and evaluation of biocides; the REACH (Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals) programme; role of INRS and INERIS in the evaluation of substances and the prevention of occupational and environmental hazards.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Mar. 2005. 28p. 11 ref. PDF document.
Vincent R., Bonthoux F., Mallet G., Iparraguirre J.F., Rio S.
Simplified methodology for chemical risk assessment: A decision-making tool
Méthodologie d'évaluation simplifiée du risque chimique: un outil d'aide à la décision [in French]
Worker's protection is above all based on assessing the risks and introducing an appropriate prevention policy. Concerning chemical risks, this assessment is often difficult on account of the wide diversity of products and formulations used. To help enterprises faced with this problem, INRS, in collaboration with the French National Prevention and Protection Centre (CNPP), has developed a simplified method to assess the health, safety and environmental risks of chemicals that can be used by managers of small enterprises. The risk prevention departments of a number of enterprises in various sectors have applied this method, and the results obtained concur with the views of experts.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, Sep. 2005, No.200, p.39-62. Illus. 26 ref.
http://www.hst.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/ND%202233/$File/ND2233.pdf [in French]
The biological agents in the working environment - new regulations
Czynniki biologiczne w środowisku pracy - nowe przepisy [in Polish]
This article describes a decree on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work. The decree implements the provisions of Directive 2000/54/EC in Polish law. The classification of harmful biological agents is described and activities during which the employees are exposed to these agents are listed along with protective measures.
Bezpieczeństwo pracy, 2005, No.7-8, p.32-33. 3 ref.
http://www.ciop.pl/15588 [in Polish]
Seillan H., Peyrat O., Harmand C., Croguennec B., Mathieu S., Morvan J.
From integrated management to global management
Du management intégré au management global [in French]
Collection of articles on occupational safety and health management. Topics addressed: role of standards institutions (ISO, AFNOR); guiding principles and advantages of global management; standards and other reference documents for management systems (in particular the ILO Guidelines on occupational safety and health management systmes (ILO-OSH 2001); global and integrated approaches to management; importance of early warning in global management.
Préventique-Sécurité, May-June 2005, No.81, p.4-29. Illus. 3 ref.
Barbat L., Blaise J.C., Bonnaud C., Caillet J.P., Grusenmeyer C., Pomian J.L., Tierno O.
Maintenance: hazardous activities
Maintenance: des activités à risque [in French]
The aim of this practical information sheet is to review basic principles for improving safety and health during the maintenance and repair of machinery. Contents: levels of maintenance; organization of maintenance activities; hazard evaluation; analysis of accidents and incidents.
Travail et sécurité, Sep. 2005, No.654, insert 4p. Illus. 1 ref.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/5467F056B7C8CECBC12570700033F0A8/$FILE/ed123.pdf [in French]
Ben Laiba M., et al.
Management of chemical hazards in occupational settings
La gestion du risque chimique en milieu professionnel [in French]
Selection of papers presented at a conference on chemical hazards in occupational settings held in Tunis, Tunisia, from 24 to 26 May 2005. Topics covered: management of chemical hazards in Tunisia; identification and evaluation of chemical hazards within the enterprise; biological indicators of exposure to chemicals; quantitative evaluation of chemical hazards; management of chemical hazards in Tunisian industrial enterprises; research activities of an occupational medicine group on occupational cancer; INRS databases on chemical substances; occupational safety and health training.
SST - Santé et Sécurité au Travail, July 2005, No.34, p.2-36. Illus. 12 ref.
Effect thresholds in hazard evaluation
Les seuils d'effets dans les études de dangers [in French]
New French regulations require manufacturers to undertake a risk analysis as part of their hazard evaluation procedure. This analysis should take into account not only the severity of the effects of potential accidents, but also their probability of occurrence and their kinetics. By estimating the risk probability and the severity, it is possible to deduct its criticality, namely its position on a scale of importance with respect to its acceptability. This article presents the main provisions of the new regulations in the form of a table that summarizes the thresholds to be used in hazard evaluation for thermal effects, overpressures, toxic effects and projectiles.
Face au risque, June-July 2005, No.414, p.15-17. Illus.
Health and Safety Executive
An experimental investigation of bund wall overtopping and dynamic pressures on the bund wall following catastrophic failure of a storage vessel
This report describes the development of a laboratory facility to conduct tests simulating the sudden failure of a tank used for the bulk storage of hazardous liquids. Such failures are rare. However, experience has shown that when they do occur, a large proportion of the liquid is likely to escape over the surrounding bund wall or embankment, even if the force of the wave impact does not damage the retaining structures. The facility will be of value to the Health and Safety Execxutive in the performance of its statutory duties, and may be of value to tank storage operators in their consideration of the extent and severity of foreseeable major accidents, in risk assessments and in consideration of practical measures to reduce these risks.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. viii, 246p. Illus. 5 ref. Price: GBP 25.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr333.pdf(mainreport) [in English]
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr333a.pdf(appendices) [in English]
Evaluation of occupational hazards - Guide for the graphic arts industry (typesetting, offset printing)
Evaluation des risques professionnels - Guide pour les industries graphiques (prépresse, imprimerie, offset) [in French]
This guide is aimed at the graphic arts industries (typesetting and offset printing). A structured approach is proposed for assisting heads of enterprises and persons responsible for hazard evaluation to compile and update the single document on hazard evaluation as specified by French regulations. Check lists are provided for the various steps of the process: preparing the evaluation, hazard identification, hazard classification, compilation of the single document, implementation of the action plan, updating the single document and following-up the action plan.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Mar. 2005. 72p. Illus. 24 ref. Price: EUR 8.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/CD0284AA8B2DE977C1256FF50049CE45/$FILE/ed938.pdf [in French]
Guimon M., Mercier A.
Le brasage tendre [in French]
Soft soldering is widely practised in numerous industrial sectors and can give rise to several hazards. Following an overview of various soldering tools and processes, this information sheet lists the main hazards associated with soft soldering and describes the human health effects of substances that may be released during the process.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 2005. 4p. Illus. 10 ref. Price: EUR 1.50. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/4F4DD37C0400823AC1256FF7002EC64B/$FILE/ed122.pdf [in French]
Hall S., Crane L., Gibbs D., Ward B.
Health and Safety Executive
Investigation of a measurement technique to determine the apparent source size for light emitting diodes
This report concerns the assessment of the optical hazard associated with light emitting diodes (LEDs) and more laser-like intermediate sources. It describes the results of a study that provide support for a technique proposed for the measurement of apparent source size when observed from the most hazardous viewing distance. The results of this study allow, for the first time, an estimate of the potential optical hazard of LEDs and other intermediate sources, in accordance with current safety standards.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. viii, 62p. Illus. 19 ref. Price: GBP 25.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr345.pdf [in English]
Smith G., Arnot C., Fairburn J., Walker G.
Health and Safety Executive
A national population data base for major accident hazard modelling
In order to undertake the modelling of major accident events, the HSE needs to estimate the numbers of persons potentially at risk from such events in the United Kingdom. The objective of this project was to develop a methodology for producing a national population database, drawing on multiple data sets and including populations located within residential, workplace, retail, transport and leisure land uses, as well as within communal establishments involving particularly sensitive populations (such as schools and hospitals). The resulting database has improved coverage of population types and a spatial resolution. It has a flexible and user-friendly interface, which provides for many different potential uses by HSE and other Government Bodies and Departments.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. x, 76p. Illus. 5 ref. Price: GBP 25.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr297.pdf [in English]
Gauron A.C., Servent J.P., Dornier G.
Current understanding of ionizing radiation
Le point des connaissances sur les rayonnements ionisants [in French]
Occupational exposure to ionizing radiation occurs in the following situations: when using radioactive sources; when using materials containing radioactive elements for their properties unrelated to their radioactivity; in the presence of natural radioactivity at the worksite; as a result of an industrial accident or incident. Given the potential hazards, the first step in any prevention effort is to conduct a hazard evaluation that takes into account the industrial process and human exposure conditions, followed by the implementation of measures aimed at controlling both the risks of contamination by radioactive substances and the risk of exposure to ionizing radiation.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1st ed., Jan. 2005. 4p. Illus. 7 ref. Price: EUR 1.50. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/2D8A6BA60237E816C1256F9500341ACC/$FILE/ed5027.pdf [in French]
Organizational learning and occupational training in risk management
Aprendizaje organizacional y formación profesional para la gestión del riesgo [in Spanish]
Risk management involves a process of both social and institutional learning. For the measurement of uncertainty, it is not possible to count on established models of behaviour, each situation requiring the development of a model based on the specific mechanisms and attitudes. The central thesis of this publication is that an analysis based on organizational safety cultures can yield useful information for risk management. The approach is illustrated using the examples of two specific cases in Uruguay: the construction sector and a health care organization.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. 267p. 78 ref. Price: USD 18.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.cinterfor.org.uy/public/spanish/region/ampro/cinterfor/publ/pucci/pdf/total.pdf [in Spanish]
Prevention of occupational hazards: From the single evaluation document to the enterprise plan
La prévention des risques professionnels: du document unique d'évaluation au projet d'établissement [in French]
Since 1991, French employers are required by law to carry out occupational hazard evaluations. Following the further requirement in 2001 for the "single document", the use of hazard evaluations should enable improvements in occupational safety and health. This information sheet explains in broad terms how the single document can be used as an occupational safety and health tool. Contents: definition of occupational hazards; new French regulatory context; main elements of the hazard evaluation and prevention approach.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Dec. 2004. 6p. Illus.
http://www.anact.fr/pls/portal/docs/1/14531.PDF [in French]
Schneider K., Hassauer M., Oltmanns J., Schuhmacher-Wolz U., Elmshäuser E, Mosbach-Schulz O.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Application of a probabilistic model for evaluating risks among employees
Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung als Hilfsmittel zur Wirkungsabschätzung bei Arbeitsnehmern [in German]
This report describes a probabilistic model for estimating the risk of worker exposure to harmful substances in the workplace. It also presents examples of application of the model to five substances (trimethyl pentene, aniline, dichloroaniline, vinyl acetate and dibutyl phthalate). Results of the probabilistic evaluation are compared with those of occupational hygiene reference values that require the implementation of protective measures at the workplace, obtained through a deterministic evaluation. The impact on regulations of the use of these methods is discussed.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2004. 281p. Illus. 81 ref. Price: EUR 22.00.
http://www.baua.de/nn_28502/sid_AB32F0E9451CB62CB8EE4664D192E5E0/nsc_true/de/Publikationen/Forschungsberichte/2004/Fb1012,xv=vt.pdf [in German]
Time of farmers' exposure to biological factors in agricultural working environment
In a study of 30 farms, the duration of farmers' exposure to biological and other factors of the working environment was investigated using the Private Farmer Work Chart. Among 48 work activities contributing to the full annual work cycle, 15 activities were associated with 5 risk factors. These were mainly field activities (plant harvesting and fertilizing, chemical plant protection, cultivation activities). Exposure to agricultural dust and elements of the thermal environment were the most common risk factors, followed by contact with biological factors, noise, vibration and chemical agents. Biological factors were associated with nearly 60% of farm activities, mainly the spreading of manure, animal breeding and plant harvesting.
AAEM - Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 2004, Vol.11, No.1, p. 85-89. Illus. 32 ref.
http://www.aaem.pl/pdf/11085.pdf [in English]
An attempt at the standardization of natural hazards assessment in mining
Próba standaryzacji oceny zagrożeń naturalnych w górnictwie [in Polish]
This article describes a method for calculating new relative indices for assessing the occurrence of natural hazards in mining. Use of the hazard index and the hindrance index allows mines to be classified according to their potential exposure to the effects of natural hazards. On the basis of computed index values, a classification has been made of those mines in which no fatal accident was noted for the period 2001-2003.
WUG Bezpieczeństwo Pracy i Ochrona Środowiska w Górnictwie, 2004, Vol.123, No.11, p.14-16. 2 ref.
Maritime safety: Evaluation of hazards and the effectiveness of safety systems
Sécurité de la navigation maritime: Evaluation des risques et de l'efficacité des systèmes [in French]
This document comprises eight papers which explore the evaluation of maritime hazards and the effectiveness of current safety measures. Topics covered include: a risk management tool by the International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (IALA); European Union projects for maritime information systems and vessel monitoring; collision prevention systems; hazards associated with high-speed ships; rescue operations of "Les Abeilles International"; and refuge zones for ships in difficulty.
Centre d'Etudes Techniques Maritimes et Fluviales (CETMEF), 2 Boulevard Gambetta, BP 60039, 60321 Compiegne Cedex, France, 2004. 54p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.cetmef.equipement.gouv.fr/publications/jt/2004/jst04_ThA.pdf [in French]
Hauptmanns U., Knetsch T., Marx M.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Occupational hazard trees for the analysis of accidents and hazards
Gefährdungsbäume zur Analyse von Unfällen und Gefährdungen [in German]
This study demonstrates the application of fault tree analysis, an approach applied to the safety analysis of technical equipment, in occupational safety. It results in a hazard model expressed in the form of an occupational hazard tree for use in the assessment of workplace safety. The report includes examples of hazard trees for various workplaces and activities with specific hazards. It also presents a computer application entitled GAP for the generation of occupational hazard trees. This enables the identification of weaknesses in the safety system and the design and assessment of preventive measures. A CD-ROM containing the GAP software and its user manual is included.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2004. 125p. Illus. 25 ref. + CD-ROM. Price: EUR 13.00.
Aussel H., Le Bâcle C., Dornier G., Galtier Y.
Waste water treatment
Le traitement des eaux usées [in French]
On average, each person in France discharges 200 litres of waste water each day. Purification efforts need to be extended to take account of current regulatory trends concerning the protection of water and wastewater treatment. The objective of this information sheet is to highlight the various hazards to which workers of wastewater treatment plants are exposed and the preventive measures to be implemented. Contents: description of wastewater treatment; hazards (slips and falls, mechanical hazards, explosion hazards, toxicity hazards, biological hazards); preventive measures.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 2004. 4p. Illus. 17 ref. Price: EUR 1.50. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/1C527E0572B3825EC1256F560054BBA1/$FILE/ed5026.pdf [in French]
Vernez D., Poffet J. M., Besrour A.
Handheld-assisted field data collection for occupational risk assessment
A computerized handheld procedure is described, intended as a tool for enhancing prospective risk analysis in the field of occupational health. The Pendragon Forms software (version 3.2) was used to capture data on personal digital assistants (PDAs) and to transfer the data to a desktop computer in an MS-Access format. The proposed data acquisition strategy involves the use of a systematic hazard list and semi-quantitative risk assessment scales. A set of seven modular forms was developed to cover the basic need of field audits. Despite the minor drawbacks observed, the results obtained so far show that PDAs are adequate to support field risk assessment and follow-up activities.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2004, Vol.10, No.4, p.399-410. Illus. 9 ref.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Use of high-temperature glass fibres
Einsatz von Hochtemperaturglasfasern [in German]
The purpose of this study was to identify substitution products for carcinogenic ceramic fibres. The possibility of using high-temperature glass fibres (alkaline and alkaline earth silicate (AES) fibres) was examined. Following a literature review of the topic, several questionnaires were compiled and sent to various target groups of experts. The findings of this survey, which differ according to the target group (industry experts, users, suppliers and intermediate processors), are discussed. As far as the usefulness of AES fibres as substitution products for ceramic fibres is concerned, opinions differ and the advantages of AES fibres do not appear to be overwhelmingly clear.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2004. 111p. Illus. 29 ref. Price: EUR 12.00.
Whole effluent assessment
There is increasing recognition by regulators that there are limitations to the substance-specific approach for assessing and controlling the environmental fate and effects of effluents. Many regulators are seeking more holistic techniques such as whole effluent assessment to supplement existing approaches. This report provides an overview of whole effluent assessment approaches in terms of their applicability to existing regulation, the types of tests being considered (ecotoxicity tests, bioaccumulation, persistence, endocrine disruption and genetic toxicology) and how whole effluent assessment could be tailored to meet specific objectives. Case studies are also provided with recommendations made regarding the applicability of various whole effluent assessment approaches.
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, Dec. 2004. 125p. Illus. 221 ref. Price: EUR 125.00.
Targeted risk assessment
One of the key challenges of the proposed European chemicals legislation (REACH) is that it envisages the registration and evaluation of approximately 30,000 chemicals by producers and importers over the next 10-15 years. Faced with such a challenge, both practically and scientifically, appropriate prioritization will be a key element of the REACH process. To facilitate such work, ECETOC has developed a step-wise approach for identifying and prioritizing scenarios where risks to human health and the environment from chemicals might reasonably be expected to be high enough to undertake a more detailed assessment of risk. The concept applies an iterative approach in which the potential risks of a chemical are based on the consideration of both hazards and exposures.
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, Dec 2004. 223p. Illus. 155 ref. Price: EUR 125.00.
Hazard identification and planning of preventive measures in small enterprises
Détermination des dangers et planification des mesures dans les petites entreprises [in French]
Gefahrenermittlung und Massnahmenplanung in Kleinbetrieben [in German]
Individuazione dei pericoli e pianificazione delle misure nelle picole aziende [in Italian]
Aimed at small enterprises, this booklet explains how to identify hazards and plan the necessary preventive measures. Contents: legal requirements; four-step approach to the identification of hazards and the planning of preventive measures (segment activities; listing the inventory of substances and equipment used; identifying hazards and constraints; taking appropriate steps); basic and specialized knowledge required; monitoring the measures. Appendices include a practical example of an automobile servicing and repair shop.
Suva, Gesundheitsschutz, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 2004. 15p. Illus.
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/66089-d.pdf [in German]
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/66089-i.pdf [in Italian]
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/66089-f.pdf [in French]
Mixed exposures research agenda - A report by the NORA mixed exposures team
Research has shown that physiological interactions from mixed exposures can lead to an increase in severity of the harmful effect. For example, dual exposure to noise and toluene results in a higher risk of hearing loss than exposure to either stressor alone. Exposure to carbon monoxide and methylene chloride produces elevated levels of carboxyhaemoglobin, reducing the blood's ability to carry oxygen in the body. The problem of mixed exposures is multifaceted, given the large number of combinations that occur in a variety of workplaces. This report was prepared by a team formed from experts inside and outside the public sector that examined the literature, tracked ongoing research, identified significant research gaps and set priorities for future research.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2002, USA, Dec. 2004. x, 42p. 51 ref.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2005-106/pdfs/2005-106.pdf [in English]
Gauthier F., Giraud L., Bourbonnière R., Bournival S., Richard J.G., Daigle R., Massé S.
Development of a method for evaluating the means for retaining trucks on transfer docks
Développement d'un outil d'évaluation des mesures de retenue des camions aux quais de transbordement [in French]
During handling operations on loading docks, trucks sometimes start moving unexpectedly and cause a fall of the forklift truck and its operator. A possible means of prevention consists of installing a device for anchoring the truck to the dock. Several systems are commercially available on the market, but not all are effective and reliable. An earlier project consisted of the publication of an inventory of existing anchoring devices. In the present project, a tool for systematically evaluating the safety of systems and means of retention according to the particular context of the dock and the enterprise is developed and validated. The results are presented in the form of a research report and 13 appendices.
Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2004. vii, 50p. Illus. 18 ref. Price: CAD 6.42 (main report) + 13 appendices. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA9-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA1-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA10-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA11-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA12-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA13-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA2-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA3-381.pdf ((Version corrigée)) [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA4-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA5-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA6-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA7-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA8-381.pdf ((Version corrigée)) [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-381.pdf ((Version corrigée)) [in French]
Medical practice and ionizing radiation: Information sheets to help analyse the hazards
Médecine et rayonnements ionisants: des fiches d'aide à l'analyse des risques [in French]
Following a survey on radiation protection conducted in the Ile-de-France region, a pluridisciplinary working group comprising several institutions and various experts published a series of information sheets aimed at helping analyse the hazards of conventional and interventional radiology. These sheets summarize information on radiation protection by type of activity and cover the following aspects: relevant legislation; fixed equipment in medical settings; mobile equipment in medical settings; scanography in medical settings; interventional radiology in medical settings (for short and long-tem treatment).
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4nd Quarter 2004, No.100, p.469-497. Illus.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/135E4D281D26C3D1C1256F7E003E4689/$FILE/tc100.pdf [in French]
Niño Escalante J.
Bullying and the evaluation of occupational hazards
El "mobbing" y las evaluaciones de riesgos laborales [in Spanish]
Bullying is a recent phenomenon which, besides its impact on work, also has clinical and legal consequences. It is considered a risk factor, although it differs from other risk factors in that it consists of a conscious and deliberate intent to harm another person, and should therefore be taken into account in the evaluation of working conditions likely to impact health. This article outlines the approach that should be followed by the person responsible for conducting an evaluation of psychosocial hazards when faced with evidence of bullying, together with the preventive measures to be implemented within the enterprise.
Mapfre seguridad, 3rd Quarter 2004, Vol.24, No.95, p.9-17. Illus. 7 ref.
http://www.mapfre.com/fundaciones/es/FundacionMapfre/publicaciones/pdf/Elmobbing_MapfreSeguridad_n95_art3.pdf [in Spanish]
Technical guide for the evaluation and prevention of hazards during work on board fishing vessels - Royal Decree 1216/1997 of 18 July [Spain]
Guía técnica para la evaluación y prevención de los riesgos en el trabajo a bordo des los buques de pesca - Real decreto 1216/1997, de 18 de julio [in Spanish]
This publication consists of a guide to the evaluation and prevention of hazards on board fishing vessels according to Royal Decree 1216/1997 on the minimum occupational safety and health requirements for work on board fishing vessels (CIS 97-1070). It comments on the responsibilities of the various categories of persons on board together with the safety and hygiene requirements. It includes check lists for ensuring that these requirements are met.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 51p. Illus. 10 ref.
http://www.mtas.es/insht/practice/g_buques.pdf [in Spanish]
Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC)
IPCS Risk assessment terminology - Part 1: IPCS/OECD key generic terms used in chemical hazard/risk assessment - Part 2: IPCS glossary of key exposure assessment terminology
This publication consists of two parts: Part 1 contains internationally-harmonized generic terms used in hazard and risk assessment. This set of harmonized terms was developed by the International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) after an extensive survey of the terms used by chemical risk assessment professionals. Part 2 consists of a glossary of exposure assessment terminology assembled by an IPCS exposure assessment working group. Implementation of these harmonized terms will help facilitate the mutual acceptance of hazard and exposure assessments of chemicals between countries, saving resources for both governments and industry.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2004. iii, 117p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 40,00, USD 36,00 (CHF 28.00 in developing countries).
http://www.who.int/ipcs/methods/harmonization/areas/en/ipcsterminologyparts1and2.pdf [in English]
Soil and sediment risk assessment of organic chemicals
When assessing the risks of chemicals to organisms in soils and sediments, the method for estimating the likely concentration and the potential for harm to the organisms need to be properly understood. This report identifies a number of key variables that require better definition in the current technical guidance document (TGD), especially as the risk assessment is refined and moves from the screening stage to the successive investigative phases. These include estimates of emissions, phase partitioning behaviour, bioavailability, test protocols, research topics and test strategies.
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, Dec. 2004. 140p. Illus. 166 ref. Price: EUR 125.00.
Cancer risk assessment of toxaphene
The cancer risk of toxaphene was assessed using the four steps of risk assessment proposed by the United States National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (NAS/NRC) namely hazard identification, dose-response relationship, exposure assessment and risk characterization. Toxaphene was the most heavily used insecticide in many parts of the world before it was banned in 1982. It increased the incidence of neoplasms of the liver and uterus in mice and the incidence of neoplasms of endocrine organs, thyroid, pituitary, adrenal, mammary glands, and reproductive systems in rats. The slope factor in studies on mice and rats is 0.8557 (mg/kg/day)-1. Lifetime average daily dose of toxaphene from ambient air, surface water, soil and fish were 1.08x10-6, 5.71x10-6, 3.43x10-7, and 7.96x10-5 mg/kg/day, respectively. Cancer risk of toxaphene for average exposure was 7.42x10-5. This study indicates that toxaphene might present a carcinogenic risk to humans.
Industrial Health, July 2004, Vol.42, No.3, p.321-327. 5 ref.
http://www.h.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/2004/pdf/42-3-3.pdf [in English]
Parra J.G., Ospina Ariza X.
Health hazards faced by workers in the oil industry
Peligros para la salud de los trabajadores de la industria del petróleo [in Spanish]
This article describes the health hazards faced by oil industry workers, in particular as a result of the toxicity of hydrocarbons; it also proposes a hazard evaluation of this industry. Main topics covered: risks to health (chemical, physical, ergonomic and biological hazards); hydrocarbon toxicity and toxicokinetics; toxicodynamics of the main aromatic hydrocarbons (benzene, toluene, xylene); evaluation and management of the hazards resulting from oil industry activities (exploration, drilling, extraction, pipeline transport, storage, refining and chemical transformation); safety management systems adopted in the Colombian oil industry.
Protección y seguridad, May-June 2004, Vol.50, No.295, p.54-71. Illus.
Rodrigues Pinhal H.
Carcinogenic agents at the workplace
Agentes carcinogénicos no local de trabalho [in Portuguese]
Numerous chemical products, formulations and industrial processes present cancer risks to workers. This booklet aimed at both occupational health specialists and workers provides information on risks due to carcinogenic agents. Contents: definition of carcinogenic agent and cancer; carcinogenic agent classification systems (EU, IARC, ACGIH); definition of mutagenic substance; labelling; activities that constitute hazards; preventive measures; measurement of ambient concentration levels of various carcinogens in several occupational sectors; legislation; list of main carcinogens according to EU classification.
Instituto de Desenvolvimento e Inspecção das Condições de Trabalho (IDICT), Lisboa, Portugal, March 2004. 60p. Illus.
Jost M., Rüegger M., Liechti B., Gutzwiller A.
Safe handling of cytostatic substances
Sicherer Umgang mit Zytostatika [in German]
Sécurité dans l'emploi des cytostatiques [in French]
Contents of this booklet on the prevention of hazards during the handling of cytostatic substances in health care settings: hazards during the handling of cytostatic substances; workplace hazard evaluation; principles to be adopted for the safe handling of cytostatic substances; protective measures during the production and preparation of cytostatic substances; protective measures during transport, administration to patients and disposal of cytostatic substances; protective measures in cases of accidental release; personal hygiene measures; legal aspects.
Suva, Abteilung Arbeitsmedizin, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 2004. 66p. Illus. 82 ref.
http://www.onkologiepflege.ch/d/fachmaterial/downloads/suva.Zytostatika.pdf [in German]
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/02869-18-f.pdf [in French]
Vincent R., Bonthoux F., Mallet G., Iparraguirre J.F.
Simplified methodology for chemical risk assessment: A decision-making tool
Méthodologie d'évaluation simplifiée du risque chimique: un outil d'aide à la décision [in French]
Workers' protection is above all based on assessing the risks and introducing an appropriate prevention policy. The assessment of chemical risks is often difficult on account of the wide variety of products and preparations used. To assist enterprises faced with this problem, the French Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (INRS), in conjunction with the National Prevention and Protection Centre (CNPP), has developed a simplified method for assessing health, safety and environmental risks involving three phases: inventory of products and materials used; hierarchy of potential hazards; hazard evaluation. The method presented in this article has been applied in several enterprises in various sectors, and the results concur with the views of experts.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 2nd Quarter 2004, No.195, p.7-30. Illus. 26 ref.
http://www.hst.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_date1_view_view/6609BEEFD8885CF5C1257088004301AA/$FILE/visu.html?OpenElement [in French]
Roy M., Bergeron S., Fortier L.
Development of occupational health and safety performance measuring instruments intended for manufacturing companies organized into semi-autonomous work teams
Développement d'instruments de mesure de performance en santé et sécurité du travail à l'intention des entreprises manufacturières organisées en équipes semi-autonomes de travail [in French]
This study proposes a new approach for measuring occupational safety and health (OSH) performance that allows organizations to act before events occur and to highlight hazardous processes, systems and behaviours. It presents a classification of the types of measuring tools used in OHS (reactive and proactive measurements), as well as the categories of factors measured. The preliminary version of a self-evaluation questionnaire based on the predictive values to be later validated in a field study is also presented. The proposed approach and the future tool will allow companies, regardless of their means of organization, to enhance their OHS management guidelines while acquiring an occupational safety and health learning culture that favours and promotes the identification of potentially hazardous situations.
Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2004. vii, 46p. Illus. 81 ref. Price: CAD 6.42.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-357.pdf [in French]
Safety during work on existing structures undergoing extensive renovation
Sécurité dans les travaux sur existants pour les travaux de réhabilitation, lourde ou exceptionnelle [in French]
This technical note applies to the preparation of building sites for work on existing structures which may present hazards to workers' safety and health due to the poor stability of the structures or foundations, the nature of the substances that can be encountered and the work methods used, as well as to the water, gas and electricity networks. Contents: scope; establishing the initial report on the state of the structure; prevention principle; preventive measures; special case of tenders from government bodies. A table presents ten examples of situations giving rise to serious accidents, some fatal, together with the recommended preventive measures.
Travail et sécurité, Jan. 2004, No.636, fascicule II, p.3-10. Illus.
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