Risk evaluation - 1,588 entries found
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Delegnes J.C., Bregier G., Giraud T.
The single document five years after the decree - Analytical assessment and approaches
Le document unique 5 ans après le décret - Bilan analytique et méthodologies [in French]
Contents of this publication on the single document for the evaluation of occupational hazards required by French legislation: description of the global approach which includes generating awareness among employees as a function of the objectives set by management and ensuring their participation in the compilation of the single document; methodology; comments of the regional occupational disease insurance fund of Aquitaine and of various occupational hygiene, safety and working conditions committees; description of available computer-based tools.
Editions d'ergonomie, BP 138, 13267 Marseille cedex 08, France, 2006. 152p. Illus. 74 ref. Price: EUR 22.00.
Road hazards during work trips. Guide to hazard evaluation
Le risque routier en mission. Guide d'évaluation des risques [in French]
Many employees spend a large part of their working day at the wheel of a vehicle, during trips carried out on behalf of their employers. These workers are exposed to road accidents as a result of their work. This booklet provides guidance for enterprises on the evaluation this occupational hazard and the implementation of suitable prevention measures.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Sep. 2006. 31p. Illus. Price: EUR 6.10. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_view_view/40841AA2CAC09278C12572120032198F/$FILE/ed986.pdf [in French]
Health and Safety Executive
Developing process safety indicators - A step-by-step guide for chemical and major hazard industries
This guidance is aimed at senior managers and safety professionals within organizations that wish to develop performance indicators to give improved assurance that major hazard risks are under control. Although primarily aimed at major hazard organizations, the generic model for establishing a performance measurement system described in this guide can equally be applied to other enterprises requiring a high level of assurance that systems and procedures continue to operate as intended. A six-stage process which can be adopted by organizations wishing to implement a programme of performance monitoring for process safety risks is described.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2006. iv, 48p. Illus. 9 ref. Price: GBP 11.95.
De Clerck L.
Cut for the job
Taillé pour l'emploi [in French]
This article describes a hazard evaluation exercise carried out in a Belgian hairdressing school with 430 students. Topics addressed: compliance with safety and health regulations; analysis of the hazards (physical workload, irritation and allergy, noise, legionellosis); preventive measures.
Prevent Focus, Sep. 2006, No.7, p.12-14. Illus. 2 ref.
Le Gall G., Croq M.
Development of a computer-based tool for improving chemical risk management
Développement d'un outil informatique pour l'amélioration de la gestion du risque chimique [in French]
The objective of this study was to develop a computer-based application for the management of chemical hazards serving the needs of the various categories of users responsible for safety on a French naval base. The tool is built around a widely-available database software package. It is user-friendly and may be extended for use in other areas. It includes data that answer the needs of firemen, the unit responsible for the transport of hazardous substances, occupational safety and health services and medical services. Several screens illustrating the user interface of the database query system are presented.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, Sep. 2006, No.204, p.41-45. Illus. 11 ref.
http://www.hst.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/ND%202254/$File/ND2254.pdf [in French]
The single document in hospitals
Document unique à l'hôpital [in French]
This article describes the implementation of an approach to the evaluation of safety and health hazards in a large teaching hospital in France as required by law. Topics addressed: project preparation and planning; pilot-scale hazard evaluation involving several units; extending the hazard evaluation to all 50 units; highlighting the hazards requiring corrective actions.
Face au risque, Sep. 2006, No.425, p.15-16. Illus.
Contribution to the methodology for the development of acute exposure threshold levels in case of accidental chemical release
This report describes the contributions of ECETOC to the ACUTEX (ACUTe EXposure) project. The objective of the project was to develop the methodology, the software tools and a technical guidance document for establishing European Acute Exposure Threshold Levels (AETLs) in case of accidental chemical release. In developing the methodology, national practices in industrial accident risk assessment were taken into account. ECETOC involvement included a comparison of currently available methodologies in Europe and in the United States, the definition of human health end-points for the target organs relevant for accidental chemical exposure, the definition of the different AETL levels, the methodological aspects for the use of assessment factors and time extrapolation to derive the AETLs.
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, July 2006. 216p. Illus. Approx. 300 ref.
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans - Cobalt in hard metals and cobalt sulfate, gallium arsenide, indium phosphide and vanadium pentoxide
Most of the compounds whose carcinogenicity is evaluated in this volume are poorly soluble solid materials. They are deposited in particulate form in the lung where they may be retained for a long period of time while exerting their toxic properties. Workers in the hard-metal industry may be exposed to cobalt in hard metals (with or without tungsten carbide); gallium arsenide and indium phosphide are used in the semi-conductor industry and vanadium pentoxide is mainly used in the production of metal alloys. Conclusions of this monograph: cobalt metal without tungsten carbide, cobalt sulfate and other soluble cobalt(II) salts are possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B); gallium arsenide is carcinogenic to humans (Group 1); indium phosphide is probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A); vanadium pentoxide is possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B).
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France 2006. xiv, 330p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 40.00.
François M., Liévin D.
Approach for the prevention of stress at work - Development of an organizational diagnosis
Démarche de prévention du stress au travail - La réalisation d'un diagnostic organisationnel [in French]
In response to requests from safety and health professionals and occupational physicians for advice on stress management within the enterprise, the INRS developed a method for the identification of groups of persons exposed to stress and the main factors likely to be the cause of stress. This article describes the development of the diagnostic method and its trial implementation in three establishments. The four stages of the method involve: project implementation, analysis of the structure and function of the enterprise, questionnaire survey of workers and presentation of results of the project. The diagnosis should be followed by the development and implementation of a plan of action.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 2006, No.107, p.309-319. Illus. 22 ref.
http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/TF%20150/$File/TF150.pdf [in French]
Ganem Y., Pomian J.L., Laborde L., Brasseur G.
Thermal environments: Work in the cold
Ambiances thermiques: travailler au froid [in French]
This review article on cold workplaces provides occupational physicians with reference points for realistic, tangible and practical occupational safety and health measures that take into account individual differences and that consider the issue of workplace design or modification. Contents: effects of cold on the body; potential health hazards; first aid measures in case of hypothermia; risk factors and hazard evaluation; recommendations and preventive measures. A simple method for evaluating the thermal environment during cold spells is proposed, based on the wind-cooling index.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 2006, No.107, p.279-295. Illus. 45 ref.
http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/TC%20109/$File/TC109.pdf [in French]
Health and Safety Executive
The health and safety risks and regulatory strategy related to energy developments
This report was published in response to a request from the United Kingdom Energy Ministry for a review of the potential occupational safety and health risks that might arise from some specific energy developments. It covers safety and health issues associated with natural gas storage, carbon capture and storage, renewable energy sources, distributed generation, nuclear power stations and cleaner coal technologies. The report concludes that the existing safety and health system of the United Kingdom is flexible enough to deal with possible hazards related to energy developments and to achieve sensible risk management.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2006. 149p. Illus. 112 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/consult/condocs/energyreview/energyreport.pdf [in English]
Khan F.I., Amyotte P.R., DiMattia D.G.
HEPI: A new tool for human error probability calculation for offshore operation
Offshore operations are particularly susceptible to human error because of the complex working environment. There is a need to provide techniques of human error quantification that can be embedded in the main framework of quantitative risk assessments. This article describes a new human error probability index (HEPI) based on the SLIM (success likelihood index methodology) approach. The application of HEPI could be used to limit the opportunities for human error occurrence and mitigate the results of such errors through changes in training, design, safety systems and procedures, resulting in a more error tolerant design and operation. Its application is illustrated through a case study of an incident in the offshore sector.
Safety Science, Apr. 2006, Vol.44, No.4, p.313-334. Illus. 26 ref.
Risk assessment tool
These documents on risk assessment define risks and hazards and explain how to carry out risk assessments (information to be collected, where to find the information, how to plan preventive measures, documenting risk assessment). They include checklists for the identification of hazards and preventive measures for specific situations (slippery floors, moving vehicles and machinery, electrical equipment, fire and explosion hazards, chemicals, noise, vibration and lighting) and sectors (office work, construction, food processing, woodworking, automobile repair, agriculture, small-scale surface mining).
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2006. 9p. Illus. (parts I-II); 37p. Illus (parts II-IV).
http://hwi.osha.europa.eu/ra_tools_generic/part_1/en_version/file [in English]
http://hwi.osha.europa.eu/ra_tools_generic/part_2/en_version/file [in English]
Stress and psychosocial risk factors: Concepts and prevention
Stress et risques psychosociaux: concepts et prévention [in French]
The first part of this review article describes the current understanding of stress and psychosocial risk factors, in particular external violence (from persons external to the enterprise), internal violence (from persons within the enterprise) including bullying, suffering and ill-being at work. Chronic stress is the cause of adverse health effects, including cardiovascular diseases, mental health disorders and musculoskeletal diseases. The second part of the article is devoted to stress prevention measures and more broadly to the prevention of psychosocial risk factors. This needs to be undertaken within the broader context of hazard evaluation (compilation of the single document) and the definition of prevention plans.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 2nd Quarter 2006, No.106, p.169-186. Illus. 44 ref.
http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/TC%20108/$File/TC108.pdf [in French]
Salvi O., Debray B.
A global view on ARAMIS, a risk assessment methodology for industries in the framework of the Seveso II directive
The ARAMIS methodology was developed to answer the specific requirements of the Seveso II directive. It offers an alternative to purely deterministic and probabilistic approaches to risk assessment of process plants. It allows risk assessment for land use, emergency planning, enforcement and public decision-making. The methodology involves the following major steps: identification of major accident hazards; identification of the safety barriers and assessment of their efficiency; evaluation of safety management efficiency; identification of reference accident scenarios; assessment and mapping of the severity of reference scenarios and of the vulnerability of the plant surroundings. The methodology was tested in five case studies that provided useful information about the applicability of the method.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Mar. 2006, Vol.130, No.3, p.187-199. Illus. 22 ref.
Managing industrial risk - Having a tested and proven system to prevent and assess risk
This article presents the multi-criteria decision making technique for risk assessment. The approach is based on expert opinion and decision-making techniques, which are particularly suited for early stages of risk quantification. It discusses the development of a risk assessment model for making risk decisions, using a combination of a multi-criteria decision-making technique, such as the analytic hierarchy process, and a risk-scoring indexing technique. It also presents an example of the results obtained by applying the model.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Mar. 2006, Vol.130, No.1-2, p.58-63. Illus. 5 ref.
Occupational safety and health in action: Home care workers
La prévention en action. Les aides à domicile [in French]
The purpose of this booklet is to offer guidance for the evaluation and prevention of occupational hazards among home care workers. It is aimed at employers as well as at workers and their representatives. It addresses the five steps of the prevention approach: preparation; hazard evaluation; definition of the action plan; implementation of the action plan; evaluation of the approach. Appendices include the main French laws and regulations, together with examples of a hazard evaluation checklist and a preventive action programme.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Sep. 2006. 36p. Illus.
http://www.anact.fr/pls/portal/docs/1/19087.PDF [in French]
Occupational safety and health actions: Automobile repair shops
La prévention en action. Maintenance de véhicules automobiles: mécanique et carrosserie [in French]
The purpose of this booklet is to offer guidance for the evaluation and prevention of occupational hazards in automobile repair shops. It is aimed at the heads of establishments as well as at workers and their representatives. It addresses the five steps of the prevention approach: preparation; hazard evaluation; definition of the action plan; implementation of the action plan; evaluation of the approach. Appendices include the main French laws and regulations, together with examples of a hazard evaluation checklist and a preventive action programme.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Sep. 2006. 40p. Illus. 18 ref.
http://www.anact.fr/pls/portal/docs/1/19105.PDF [in French]
Gallet A.M., Sasso M.O.
Prevention of occupational hazards. Methodological guide for public sector health and social services institutions
Prévenir les risques professionnels. Guide méthodologique à destination des établissements du secteur public sanitaire et social [in French]
This guide to the prevention of occupational hazards in public sector health and social services institutions proposes several methodological points of reference together with examples of types of occupational safety and health projects that may be considered for implementation. Topics covered: specifics of hospital environments that need to be taken into account when implementing the project; preparation of the approach; examples of projects already undertaken in health care institutions; example of a project implementation procedure.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Sep. 2006. 36p. 42 ref.
http://www.anact.fr/pls/portal/docs/1/12302.PDF [in French]
Occupational safety and health in action: Retirement homes
La prévention en action. Les maisons de retraite [in French]
The purpose of this booklet is to offer guidance for the evaluation and prevention of occupational hazards in retirement homes for the elderly. It is aimed at the heads of institutions as well as at workers and their representatives. It addresses the five steps of the prevention approach: preparation; hazard evaluation; definition of the action plan; implementation of the action plan; evaluation of the approach. Appendices include the main French laws and regulations, together with examples of a hazard evaluation checklist and a preventive action programme.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Sep. 2006. 36p. Illus. 22 ref.
http://www.anact.fr/pls/portal/docs/1/19046.PDF [in French]
Occupational safety and health in action. Jewellery: Production and sales
La prévention en action. Les bijouteries: fabrication-vente [in French]
The purpose of this booklet is to offer guidance for the evaluation and prevention of occupational hazards in the jewellery manufacturing and sales sector. It is aimed at the heads of establishments as well as at workers and their representatives. It addresses the five steps of the prevention approach: preparation; hazard evaluation; definition of the action plan; implementation of the action plan; evaluation of the approach. Appendices include the main French laws and regulations, together with examples of a hazard evaluation checklist and a preventive action programme.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Jun. 2006. 36p. Illus. 11 ref.
http://www.anact.fr/pls/portal/docs/1/19042.PDF [in French]
Evaluation of occupational hazards: Where do regional enterprises stand?
Evaluation des risques professionnels: où en sont les entreprises régionales? [in French]
This document presents the highlights of the findings of a survey carried out in the Limousin region of France on the compliance by enterprises with the current regulations concerning hazard evaluation. It involved a postal questionnaire addressed to a representative sample of enterprises, followed by interviews with five heads of establishments. Findings are discussed with respect to awareness of the legislation, the degree of compliance, specific problems encountered by small enterprises and the need for support.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Jan. 2006. 4p.
http://www.anact.fr/pls/portal/docs/1/16723.PDF [in French]
Occupational safety and health in action: Hotels, cafés, restaurants
La prévention en action: les hôtels, cafés, restaurants [in French]
The purpose of this booklet is to offer guidance for the evaluation and prevention of occupational hazards in the hospitality sector. It is aimed at the managers of the premises as well as at workers and their representatives. It addresses the five steps of the prevention approach: preparation; hazard evaluation; definition of the action plan; implementation of the action plan; evaluation of the approach. Appendices include the main French laws and regulations, together with examples of checklists and forms for hazard evaluation.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Sep. 2006. 36p. Illus. 16 ref.
http://www.anact.fr/pls/portal/docs/1/19054.PDF [in French]
Occupational safety and health in action: Health and social care institutions
La prévention en action: les structures d'hébergement, secteur sanitaire et social [in French]
The purpose of this booklet is to offer guidance for the evaluation and prevention of occupational hazards in health and social care institutions. It is aimed at the heads of institutions as well as at workers and their representatives. It addresses the five steps of the prevention approach: preparation; hazard evaluation; definition of the action plan; implementation of the action plan; evaluation of the approach. Appendices include an example of a hazard evaluation checklist, the main French laws and regulations and an example of a hazard evaluation form.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Sep. 2006. 36p. Illus. 22 ref.
http://www.anact.fr/pls/portal/docs/1/19052.PDF [in French]
Paques J.J., Gauthier F., Pérez A., Charpentier P., Lamy P., David R.
Objective review of tools available for assessing risks associated with industrial machinery
Bilan raisonné des outils d'appréciation des risques associés aux machines industrielles [in French]
This report consists of a literature survey of available methods and tools for evaluating the hazards due to industrial machinery. The various methods identified were classified and grouped based on their specific features. These methods will be the subject of further evaluations aimed at identifying and proposing methods that are reliable and easy to implement, particularly in small enterprises.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2006. ix, 50p.38 ref. Price: CAD 6.36. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-459.pdf [in French]
Preparation of the single document
Etablissement du document unique [in French]
In France, the preparation of the single document constitutes a crucial step in the approach to hazard evaluation within the enterprise. Whatever the size of the enterprise and its sector of activity, employers are required to record the results of evaluations of occupational hazards in a single document. This article on the legal aspects of employers' responsibilities addresses the characteristics, the contents and the regular updating of the single document.
Santé et Sécurité au Travail Actualités, June 2006, No.91, p.6-7. Illus.
Medicine and ionizing radiation: Information sheets for facilitating hazard evaluation in nuclear medicine
Médecine et rayonnements ionisants: fiches d'aide à l'analyse des risques en médecine nucléaire [in French]
This set of six information sheets for facilitating hazard analysis in the field of nuclear medicine was compiled by a multidisciplinary committee comprising various institutions and experts, following a survey on radiation protection conducted in the Ile-de-France region. The sheets address the following topics: relevant legislation; in vivo diagnosis other than by means of positron emission tomography; in vivo diagnosis using fluorine 18 positron emission tomography; outpatient iodine 131 therapy; in-hospital iodine 131 therapy; follow-up of nuclear medicine patients.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 2006, No.105, p.7-48. Illus.
http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/TC%20106/$File/TC106.pdf [in French]
Health and Safety Executive
Five steps to risk assessment
This guide outlines five basic steps for assessing risks in the workplace: identify the hazards; decide who might be harmed and how; evaluate the risks and decide on precautions; record the findings and implement them; review the assessment and update if necessary.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. 12p. 2 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg163.pdf [in English]
In favour of a single hazard evaluation reference method
Pour un seul et même référent d'analyse des risques [in French]
This article presents the system failure analysis methodology (French acronym "MADS") for the evaluation of hazards, and argues in favour of its generalized use, allowing all parties to have a common reference base. MADS involves the following steps: identification of the sources of hazards; systematic building of scenarios; proposals of solutions aimed at improving the safety of the system under consideration; management of the residual hazards.
Préventique-Sécurité, Mar.-Apr. 2006, No.86, p.29-33. Illus.
Code of Practice for the management and control of asbestos in the workplace
This national code of practice sets out the steps to be taken to eliminate or minimize the risks of exposure to airborne asbestos fibres. Contents: health aspects of asbestos exposure; responsibilities; development of an asbestos management plan; identification of asbestos-containing materials in the workplace; risk assessment; and control measures.
Australian Safety and Compensation Council, email@example.com, 2006. 65p. Illus. 12 ref.
http://www.ascc.gov.au/NR/rdonlyres/1A726B07-C12A-4148-90DD-A394A6BFC394/0/ASCC_MmtCtrlAsbestos_cop.pdf [in English]
Peters G.A., Peters B.J.
The error manual
This manual provides supplemental information on engineering, managerial and medical errors for use with the book "Human error: Causes and control". It provides examples of accidents and other situations which illustrate how human error was involved and shows how data on human error may be used for error prevention purposes.
CRC Press, 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA, Jan. 2006. 45p.
http://www.crcpress.com/e_products/downloads/webdownload/8213%5CThe%20Error%20Manual.pdf [in English]
Dessagne J.M., Courtois B., Juan J., Nicosia S., Poujoulas C., Collet F.
Wood dust - Hazard prevention
Poussières de bois - Prévenir les risques [in French]
The aim of this booklet is to generate awareness of the hazards related to wood dust among workers in the woodworking industry. Following a brief overview of the health hazards and of the current situation in France with respect to exposure, it presents the prevention approach (evaluate the hazards, manage the risks and ensure the follow-up of the exposed workers), together with a combination of measures to be implemented within the scope of the approach (ventilation and local exhaust, maintenance and cleaning, personal protective equipment, information and training of workers, medical supervision).
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Feb. 2006. 10p. Illus. 9 ref. Price: EUR 2.50. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_view_view/653CB38FC4799CD5C125714F004BCFAC/$FILE/ed974.pdf [in French]
Marmoret G., et al.
Wood dust - Guide to good practices in woodworking
Poussières de bois - Guide de bonnes pratiques en deuxième transformation [in French]
For a long time in the wood and furniture industries, the emphasis on mechanical and electrical hazards related to machinery pushed into the background those related to wood dust. These latter hazards are nonetheless important. The objective of this guide is to describe the risks faced by operators occupationally exposed to wood dust, to present French regulations and the prevention approach, to suggest preventive measures for lowering the level of dust in workplaces and workshops, and to provide help in defining the strategy for evaluating the exposure of employees. It is aimed at enterprise management, technical managers, persons responsible for occupational safety and health and machinery operators in the wood industry.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Mar. 2006. 16p. Illus. 11 ref. Price: EUR 2.50. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_view_view/0264F0A811D5E35CC125714F004BD1CC/$FILE/ed978.pdf [in French]
Duchet M., Petegnief G., Galtier Y., Terrier C.
Les espaces confinés [in French]
Serious or fatal accidents continue to occur during work in confined spaces (wells, pits, manholes, vats, silos and drains). This booklet presents an approach for preventing the risk of accidents in these spaces during planned maintenance and equipment repair work. Contents: types of risks in confined spaces (asphyxia, intoxication, dangerous gases, fire and explosion); planning of the work and risk reduction; safety of equipment and procedures during work in confined spaces; training of workers.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Mar. 2006. 28p. Illus. 47 ref. Price: EUR 4.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_view_view/6861B48482AF710FC125717300539306/$FILE/ed967.pdf [in French]
Servent J.P., Gauron C., Boulay M.H.
Ionizing radiation - Prevention and risk management
Les rayonnements ionisants - Prévention et maîtrise du risque [in French]
This document presents an approach to radiation protection applicable to all occupational situations that could give rise to ionizing radiation exposure. It is emphasized that the control of exposure requires the active participation of the enterprise and all persons involved in occupational safety and health. Contents: effects of ionizing radiation; general principles of radiation protection and risk control; specific precautions for ionizing radiation (identification of dangerous situations, risk evaluation and implementation of preventive measures). Includes data sheets on the evaluation of external exposure and the risk of contamination by inhalation, ingestion and contact.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Feb. 2006. 56p. Illus. 10 ref. Price: EUR 8.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_view_view/62BE0E909A874CDAC125714F004BD0A8/$FILE/ed958.pdf [in French]
Chartier A.M., Joron P.
Guide to the inspection of a dentistry practice
Guide de visite du cabinet dentaire [in French]
This guide for occupational physicians on the inspection of dental assistants' workplaces is based on an inventory of the physical, chemical, infectious, postural and psychological hazards faced by these workers. It takes the form of a checklist of questions for evaluating the various hazards. These inspections will allow occupational physicians to reach an agreement with the employer on the appropriate medical supervision for dental assistants and will help employers put together a hazard evaluation document.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2006, Vol.46, No.1, p.17-24. 9 ref.
Moncada i Lluís S., Llorens Serrano C., Kristensen T.S., Vega Martínez S.
The COPSOQ (ISTAS21, PSQCAT21) method for psychosocial risk assessment
El método COPSOQ (ISTAS21, PSQCAT21) de evaluación de riesgos psicosociales [in Spanish]
This information note describes a new method for the evaluation of psychosocial risk at work based on general stress theory and the use of a standardized questionnaire. The principal elements of the method are outlined along with the structure of the questionnaire and the analysis and presentation of results.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2006. 6p. Illus. 12 ref.
http://www.mtas.es//insht/ntp/ntp_703.htm [in Spanish]
Nogareda C., Almodóvar Molina A.
Process for the evaluation of psychosocial factors
El proceso de evaluación de los factores psicosociales [in Spanish]
This information note describes factors to be taken into account before carrying out an evaluation of occupational psychosocial hazards. An evaluation process is described based on the identification of risk factors, choice and application of the evaluation method, analysis of results and development of an intervention programme.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2006. 6p. 11 ref.
http://www.mtas.es//insht/ntp/ntp_702.htm [in Spanish]
Oncins de Frutos M., Murillo B.
"Photo safari": A work observation tool
"Foto-safari": una herramienta de observación del trabajo [in Spanish]
This information note describes the "photo safari" method of work observation based on group visits to companies and the use of photography to capture characteristic work situations and innovative solutions to work problems. Guidance is given on the preparation for such visits, the visit itself and the presentation of results.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2006. 6p. 6 ref.
http://www.mtas.es//insht/ntp/ntp_709.htm [in Spanish]
Human factors in risk management - Trends in current understanding and methods
Les facteurs humains dans la gestion des risques - évolution de la pensée et des outils [in French]
This publication reviews the various approaches used for analysing human factors. It explores the underlying hypotheses on safety and the role played by human factors. It also addresses the issue of the effectiveness and limitations of these approaches for reducing risks. Several tools that illustrate some of the approaches for understanding human factors within risk management are included in an appendix.
Lavoisier, 14 rue de Provigny, 94236 Cachan cedex, France, 2006. 216p. Illus. Réf. bibl. Prix: EUR 50,00.
Labour hire industry and duty of care
Reforms in Australian OSH legislation provide equivalent levels of protection to workers under labour hire arrangements as all other workers. This bulletin summarizes the responsibilities of employers, agencies and workers under such arrangements. See also ISN 110676.
Department of Commerce, Worksafe Division, Westcentre,1260 Hay Street, PO Box 294, West Perth, WA 6872, Australia, 2005. PDF document, 4p.
http://www.commerce.wa.gov.au/worksafe/PDF/Bulletins/Duty_of_Care-Labour_.pdf [in English]
OSHA Fact Sheet - Procedures for atmospheric testing in confined spaces
A confined space is one that is large enough to enter and perform assigned work in. It has limited or restricted ways to enter or exit the space and was not designed to be occupied continuously by a worker. Atmospheric testing in confined spaces is required for evaluating the hazards of the confined space and verifying that acceptable conditions exist for entry into that space. This information sheet summarizes the procedures required for atmospheric testing in confined spaces as required according to United States legislation.
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, 2005. 2p.
http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_Hurricane_Facts/atmospheric_test_confined.pdf [in English]
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Quality of the work of occupational safety and health specialists
Qualität des Handelns der Fachkräfte für Arbeitssicherheit [in German]
The quality of personnel responsible for the technical aspects of safety and health management within enterprises is an essential element for ensuring the safety and health of employees. The aim of this project was to develop guidelines for good practices in occupational safety and health and to define criteria enabling the evaluation of the quality of the work of occupational safety and health specialists.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2005. 185p. Illus. 45 ref. Price: EUR 18.50.
http://www.baua.de/nn_28516/de/Publikationen/Forschungsberichte/2005/Fb1046,xv=vt.pdf [in German]
Venugopal V., Wolfram J., Linfoot B.T.
Health and Safety Executive
The properties of extreme waves
In the safety assessment of both fixed and floating offshore structures, it is necessary to ensure that the structure has sufficient strength to withstand the most extreme combination of environmental loads likely to be experienced during the design life. However significant uncertainties remain concerning the characteristics of real, extreme, three-dimensional waves. The research described in this report focused upon wave crest heights and the potential loss of air gap for fixed structures by examining the distribution of wave crest elevations in storms, together with the directional spreading of wave energy by examining the wave spreading factor.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. viii, 80p. Illus. 62 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr401.pdf [in English]
Working conditions in Cambodia's garment sector: A manual on occupational safety and health
The "Better Factories Cambodia" programme of the ILO aims to improve working conditions in Cambodia's export garment factories through independent monitoring, advice, training and information. Aimed at owners and managers of Cambodian garment factories, this manual provides guidance on how to improve safety and health within the factory so that it meets both national and international standards. It puts forward a series of practical, low-cost suggestions for improving working conditions and increasing productivity. Contents: introduction; policy and implementation; general workplace conditions; temperature, ventilation, noise and lighting; chemicals; workstation design; machine guarding; electrical safety; fire safety; welfare; risk mapping and the use of the checklist.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. 115p. Illus.
http://www.betterfactories.org/resourcedet.aspx?z=7&iddoc=48&c=1 [in English]
Widmer P., Büchi H., Wicht N., Roth E.W., Wachter A., Diethelm P., Ambühl C., Fischer K., Schwarzenbach A.
Safety during events
Sicherheit bei Veranstaltungen [in German]
Sécurité lors de manifestations [in French]
Gatherings of persons during meetings and events bringing together thousands of persons always entail some uncertainty and risk. One of the main responsibilities of organizers is to be aware of the potential dangers, to minimize the risks and to prepare measures to be implemented in case problems occur. This manual shows in a comprehensive and practical way how such gatherings can be held safely and how risky situations can be avoided. It is aimed at persons who organize these gatherings, whether it be on a volunteer or a commercial basis. Contents: aims, structure, use and principles of the manual; hazard evaluation; preventive measures; coverage offered by the various types of insurance policy available in Switzerland.
Santé et sécurité au travail, Postfach, 8034 Zurich, Switzerland, 2005. 102p. Illus. 11 ref. Index. Price: CHF 190.00. Downloadable version free of charge
http://www.arbeitssicherheitschweiz.ch/fileadmin/user_upload/pdf/Handbuch_Sicherheit_050321.pdf [in German]
http://www.arbeitssicherheitschweiz.ch/fileadmin/user_upload/pdf/Manuel_S_curit__lors_de_manifestations.pdf [in French]
Safety (accidents, falls, slips...)
Sécurité (accidents, chutes, glissades...) [in French]
Veiligheid (ongevallen, vallen...) [in Dutch]
The objective of the SOBANE approach (screening, observation, analysis and evaluation) is to ensure occupational safety and health by means of a systematic analysis of occupational hazards. This booklet presents the SOBANE approach applied to the prevention of falls. Following a review of general aspects of occupational safety and health management, it explains how to proceed with the observation, analysis and evaluation, together with the qualifications required for carrying out these steps. The following topics are summarized on information sheets: state of flooring; passageways; lighting of emergency exits; work areas; stairways; falls of persons and objects; ladders.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot I, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2005. 88p. Illus. 73 ref.
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=4268 [in Dutch]
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=4268 [in French]
Powered and non-powered hand tools
Machines et outils à main [in French]
Machines en handgereedschappen [in Dutch]
The objective of the SOBANE approach (screening, observation, analysis and evaluation) is to ensure occupational safety and health by means of a systematic analysis of occupational hazards. This booklet presents the SOBANE approach applied to powered and non-powered hand tools. Following a review of general aspects of occupational safety and health management, it explains how to proceed with the observation, analysis and evaluation, together with the qualifications required for carrying out these steps. The following topics are summarized on information sheets: various types of powered and non-powered hand tools; locking procedures; control systems; work postures; manual handling; lifting devices; personal protective equipment; Belgian and European regulations.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot I, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2005. 180p. Illus. 46 ref.
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=3868 [in Dutch]
http://www.nova.inrct.be/pdf/pd/frdd73.pdf [in French]
Adapt your company to the labour law in force: Checklist with comments
Dostosuj swój zakład do obowiązującego prawa pracy: Lista kontrolna z komentarzem [in Polish]
This checklist provides help for employers in Poland in assessing compliance with occupational safety and health regulations and standards in their enterprises. It includes guidance on preventive measures for the reduction of hazards and lists of relevant regulations and standards.
Główny Inspektorat Pracy, ul. Krucza 38/42, 00-926 Warszawa, Poland, 2005. 72p. 34 ref.
http://www.pip.gov.pl/html/pl/doc/07040042.pdf [in Polish]
Occupational safety and health checklist for employers on building sites: Occupational hazards in building engineering: Examples
Lista kontrolna bhp na budowie dla pracodawców: Ryzyko zawodowe w budownictwie: Przykłady [in Polish]
This booklet provides a checklist for employers on construction site hazards. Specific hazards at individual workplaces on the building site are identified and guidance is given on hazard assessment. Includes examples of survey forms.
Główny Inspektorat Pracy, ul. Krucza 38/42, 00-926 Warszawa, Poland, 2005. 50p.
http://www.pip.gov.pl/html/pl/doc/07040035.pdf [in Polish]
Occupational hazards in building engineering
Ryzyko zawodowe w budownictwie [in Polish]
Employers' obligations with regard to occupational hazard assessment are listed and an algorithm for hazard assessment is discussed in detail. Methods of assessment documentation of results are also described.
Główny Inspektorat Pracy, ul. Krucza 38/42,00-926 Warszawa, Poland, 2005. 39p. Illus. 10 ref.
http://www.pip.gov.pl/html/pl/doc/07040032.pdf [in Polish]
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