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Risk evaluation - 1,588 entries found

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CIS 08-106 Pistón Reyes J.M., Cubero Atienza A.J.
Work in public sewage networks: Study of risks
Trabajos en redes públicas de saneamiento: un estudio de riesgos [in Spanish]
The media regularly report accidents in which several workers undergo asphyxia or poisoning in a cesspit or a well. A common characteristic in these types of accidents is the severity of their consequences, both for the direct victim as well as for persons attempting to rescue them. Many of these accidents could have been avoided by appropriate training and the correct use of means of protection. This article describes the job of sewage workers and examines more specifically the risks involved in the cleaning and maintenance of sewage system networks, which are aggravated by the need to work in confined spaces.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, July 2007, No.43, p.20-27. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 07-1435 A dangerous worksite - The World Trade Center
This leaflet describes the efforts undertaken by OSHA to provide safety and health support to workers involved in demolition work at the World Trade Center disaster site. Support was provided for the following specific hazards: cranes; heavy equipment; falls and falling objects; explosions; hot steel; refrigerant storage tanks; work in confined spaces. It was found that there was a need for improvements in the area of emergency response, emergency training and transportation.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20210, USA, 2003. 24p. Illus. [in English]

CIS 07-1378 Breysse P., Melius J., Carol C.
Proceedings of the Health Effects of Occupational Exposure to Emissions from Asphalt/Bitumen Symposium June 7-8, 2006, Dresden, Germany
Proceedings of a symposium on the health effects of occupational exposure to emissions from asphalt held in Dresden, Germany, on 7-8 June 2006. A total of nineteen full papers and seven posters were accepted by the selection committee, with an emphasis on studies that contribute towards evaluating exposures and carcinogenic risks.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 2007, Vol.4, Sup.1, p.1-248 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 07-1363 Birraux C., Revol H.
Minutes of the public hearing of 7 November 2006 on nanotechnology: Potential hazards, ethical issues
Compte rendu de l'audition publique du 7 novembre 2006 sur les nanotechnologies: risques potentiels, enjeux éthiques [in French]
The French parliamentary office for the evaluation of science and technology policy organized a public hearing on 7 November 2007 on the potential hazards end ethical issues related to nanotechnology. The hearing opened the way for some deeper thinking on the specific aspects of nanotechnology, the issues involved and the progress nanotechnology may make possible in the fields of health care, environmental protection, transport and safety.
La Documentation française, 29 quai Voltaire 75007 Paris, France, 2007. Internet document (pdf format), 137p. Free of charge. Cost of print version: EUR 5.00. [in French]

CIS 07-1389 Testud F., Grillet J.P.
Plant protection chemicals: Acute poisonings and occupational hazards
Produits phytosanitaires: intoxications aiguës et risques professionnels [in French]
This publication is primarily aimed at occupational health physicians involved in the evaluation, prevention and surveillance of hazards resulting from exposure to plant protection chemicals. It is also aimed at clinicians, emergency services and coroners having to deal with cases of acute and chronic pesticide poisoning. It includes an up-to-date summary of toxicological data for the most common active substances used in French agriculture. Based on an analysis of medical literature, it provides guidance for optimizing both the treatment of poisoning patients and the realistic evaluation of the hazards faced by workers exposed to agricultural chemicals.
Editions ESKA, 12 rue du Quatre-Septembre, 75002 Paris, France, 2007. 432p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: EUR 120.00.

CIS 07-1468 Gauthier F., Giraud L., Bournival S., Bourbonnière R., Richard J.G., Daigle R., Massé S.
Development of a loading dock safety evaluation tool
The objective of this literature-based study was to evaluate the technical and the organizational aspects of the restraint measures that could have an impact on safety of forklifts used to load and unload trucks at loading docks. Certain elements were examined very closely, especially the failure of mechanical devices and their relation to the environment in which they are used, as well as the interaction between workers and the various restraint measures in use in a given context. This work enabled the development of a safety evaluation tool regarding restraint measures or systems for trucks docked at loading platforms. The tool is designed to help companies choose the optimal safety measures to implement in any given situation, while remaining realistic in terms of the technical and economic aspects.
Journal of Safety Research, 2007, Vol.38, No.1, p.35-51. Illus. 21 ref.

CIS 07-1022 Seillan H.
First critical assessment of hazard evaluation practices
1er bilan sur les pratiques d'évaluation des risques [in French]
Five years after the publication of Decree No.2001-1016 of 5 November 2001 (see CIS 01-1278) making provision for the single document on the evaluation of safety and health hazards faced by employees, this collection of articles presents the historical development and a critical assessment of hazard evaluation in France through interviews and opinions of labour department officers at the national and regional levels, and of persons representing industry federations, trade unions and specialist safety and health associations .
Préventique-Sécurité, Jan.-Feb. 2007, No.91, p.8-28. Illus.

CIS 07-1118 Talia J.
Reach: 30,000 substances to be evaluated
Reach: 30 000 substances à évaluer [in French]
REACH is the acronym for "registration, evaluation and authorization of chemicals". This new regulation establishes a validation system for some 30,000 potentially hazardous chemicals manufactured within the European Union or imported, with the objective of replacing wherever possible the most dangerous substances by safer and less toxic products. This article summarizes the historical development, the main provisions and the time-table for the implementation of this regulation.
Face au risque, Feb. 2007, No.430, p.13-15. Illus.

CIS 07-1117 Early identification of chemical carcinogenic hazards within the enterprise
Dépister les risques cancérogènes chimiques dans l'entreprise [in French]
This article presents a structured approach for the early identification of chemical carcinogenic hazards within the enterprise. Topics addressed: key points for taking action against chemical carcinogenic hazards (identifying and ranking the risks, elimination or substitution, reducing the risk, training and information, follow-up and improvement); approach for identifying the risks, including those that are less obvious; roles of the various players; possible financial consequences of poor risk management; main carcinogenic chemicals and sectors of activity and occupations concerned.
Prevent Focus, Jan. 2007, p.18-22. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 07-1021 Castellan I.
Defining a methodological approach for hazard analysis and evaluation
Développer une approche méthodologique pour l'analyse et l'évaluation des risques [in French]
To evaluate the safety and health risks to which employees are exposed and to prevent occupational hazards, employers need to adopt a structured and systematic approach, such as the one presented in this article. Contents: procedure to be followed for hazard evaluation (job task analysis, hazard identification and associated risks); elements to take into account for defining risk levels (probability and severity evaluation, interpretation of the results).
Santé et Sécurité au Travail Actualités, Jan. 2007, No.96, p.10-11. Illus.

CIS 07-1050 Evaluation of occupational hazards
Evaluation des risques professionnels [in French]
The a priori evaluation of occupational hazards consists of identifying and classifying the hazards faced by employees of an enterprise, with the aim of implementing suitable preventive actions. It is the first step of an occupational safety and health policy. The evaluation follows a structured procedure and the results are presented in the "single document". This document should be available to the safety and health committee, the occupational physician and, on request, to labour inspectors and regional occupational health insurance inspectors. This Internet document explains the reasons for evaluating occupational hazards and provides guidance on the French legal framework, how to carry out an evaluation and sources of additional information.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Mar. 2007. Internet document. Illus. 6 ref.$FILE/print.html [in French]

CIS 07-1137 Computer-based tool - Manage your chemical hazards with LARA-BTP
Outil logiciel - Maîtrisez vos risques chimiques avec LARA-BTP [in French]
This article describes a computer application for evaluating chemical hazards related to the use of products in the building industry, taking into account the regulatory requirements defined in decree 2003-1254 of 23 December 2003 and providing guidance on safe working methods. The user is required to input the data on the product label and specify the conditions of use, after which the application will provide relevant guidance, hazard evaluations and action plans.
Prévention BTP, Jan. 2007, No.92, p.10-11. Illus.


CIS 10-0187 Host employers/clients - Labour hire
Host employers are organizations that employ workers supplied by an agency. This bulletin is designed to assist employers prepare for and manage such workers. It clarifies employers' responsibilities with respect to occupational safety and health, as well as for hazard evaluation, supervision and ensuring workers' are adequately qualified for the tasks they are given. See also ISN 110677.
Department of Commerce, Worksafe Division, Westcentre, 1260 Hay Street, PO Box 294, West Perth, WA 6872, Australia, 2006. PDF document, 6p. [in English]

CIS 08-1363 Looking out for work hazards - Advice for young people
Attention aux dangers sur le lieu de travail - Conseils destinés aux jeunes [in French]
Cuidado con los riesgos laborales - Consejos para los jóvenes [in Spanish]
New to the job and the workplace, young persons lack experience of the job and of the safety and health risks that can be present. They have the right to safe and healthy work, including the necessary training and supervision and the right to ask questions and report things that look unsafe. For those aged under 18 years, the law ban them from carrying out certain hazardous jobs because of their inexperience. This information note covers hazards faced by young persons in the workplace. It is also available in several other European languages. Part of the series on Young worker safety abstracted as CIS 06-1145.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work,, 2006. 2p. Illus. 3 ref. [in English] [in Spanish] [in French]

CIS 08-1022 Merciéca P., Bernon J., Rouilleault H., Sarazin B., Jaouën M., Rousset S., Boisson-Spychala C., Delabroy C., Négroni P., Viaud-Jouan A.
Work units: A method for the evaluation of occupational hazards
Unité de travail: une méthode pour évaluer tous les risques professionnels [in French]
Collection of articles on the evaluation of occupational hazards. Topics addressed: definition of a work unit, which consists of a set of similar situations with respect to the tasks carried out and their related hazards; opinions of occupational physicians, workers' representatives and government agencies on hazard evaluation; approaches adopted by a hospital, an ambulance service, a cheese manufacturer, a building materials supplier and a metalworking shop; main points to consider with respect to hazard evaluation; review of a publication on the evaluation and prevention of occupational hazards; further reading.
Travail & changement, Sep.-Oct. 2006, No.310, p.1-15 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref. [in French]

CIS 08-785 Uzarczyk A.
Harmful and arduous factors in the working environment
Czynniki szkodliwe i uciążliwe w środowisku pracy [in Polish]
Contents of this guide to risk factors that can be encountered in the workplace: main types of hazards (biological, chemical, physical, workload-related); effects on the human organism; threshold limit values and methods of measurement; methods for elimination of hazards; selection and use of personal protective equipment; responsibilities of employers; hazard evaluation; legal aspects.
Ośrodek Doradztwa i Doskonalenia Kadr Sp. z o.o., ul. Obrońców Westerplatte 32a, 80-317 Gdańsk Oliwa, Poland, 2006. 616p. Illus. 187 ref.

CIS 08-806
Health and Safety Executive
Evaluation into the success of occupational health and safety regulators [sic] and organisations [sic] use of expert systems
This study investigated the use of expert systems to address work at height issues, workplace transport, slips and trips, and noise and vibration, by occupational safety and health (OSH) regulators and organizations. It was carried out by means of a literature survey and a consultation of 46 key OSH organizations. The report presents a definition of expert systems and discusses domains where these systems have been used. Six expert systems were explored further during consultations with key organizations, and presented as case studies. The study concluded that limited information was available on OSH-related expert system applications, and that no robust evaluation evidence existed. The recommendations suggest how HSE could proceed to develop its own expert system.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. x, 40p. Illus. 17 ref. [in English]

CIS 08-804 Antonelli A., Baker M., McMahon A., Wright M.
Health and Safety Executive
Six SME case studies that demonstrate the business benefit of effective management of occupational health and safety
This report describes the research undertaken to provide information on the business benefits of safety and health initiatives within six SMEs in the United Kingdom. A further part of the work was to develop case study material which can be used to persuade SMEs of the wider potential benefits of improving occupational safety and health. The key finding of the research is that whatever the original motivation, the enterprises accepted that improving occupational safety and health was integral to business risk management. They were motivated to improve aspects of safety and health because of the potential risk to the business if this was not addressed. These benefits included a mix of both tangible and intangible benefits, such as maintenance of reputation, client requirements, controlling insurance premium costs, reduction in absence rates as well as general improvements in health and safety.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. vi, 45p. [in English]

CIS 08-907 Burdett G., Bard D.
Health and Safety Executive
An inventory of fibres to classify their potential hazard and risk
This project was designed as an audit of the hazards of man-made fibres, including carbon fibres and nanofibres, based either on available data or by making a series of sample measurements of their physical dimensions, properties and behaviour. This included bench scale assessments of the solubility and dustiness if the fibres were found to be small enough to be potentially inhalable. The data generated was used to identify fibres that may potentially be hazardous and merit further investigation. Of particular concern are some of the new technologies which allow the production of much finer conventional fibres that can be used on existing textile machinery, as well as some high performance technical fibres and textiles in production.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. vi, 107p. Illus. Approx. 250 ref. [in English]

CIS 08-974 Melrose A.S., Graham M.K., Graveling R.A., George J.P.K., Cowie H., Hutchison P.A., Mulholland R.E:
Health and Safety Executive
Assessing the effectiveness of the manual handling assessment chart (MAC) and supporting website
This project assessed general awareness of the Manual Handling Assessment Chart (MAC) among employers, together with its use and its effectiveness as a risk assessment tool. A questionnaire was administered to a random sample of enterprises in the United Kingdom. Of 1484 participants, slightly over 20% had heard of the MAC. Telephone interviews were conducted with 43 enterprises, of which 28 indicated that they were currently using it. Fifteen had accessed the MAC via the website with seven using the web-based training. Sustained use of the MAC was found to be limited with most only using it to conduct one or two risk assessments. A small minority considered that use of the MAC had directly contributed to a reduction in ill-health or accidents. Many respondents felt that a similar risk assessment tool directed toward pushing and pulling activities would prove beneficial and its omission was cited as a current weakness with the tool.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. viii, 55p. 15 ref. [in English]

CIS 08-882
Health and Safety Executive
The global perspective in addressing construction risks
Global risks are defined as the overall risks resulting from all phases of a construction project. These need to be evaluated for each potential construction method in order to select the method with the lowest overall risk in relation to what is reasonably practicable. However, there is a lack of information on global risks which can be used in decision making. The Global Risk Toolkit has been developed to address that need. The first stage consists of hazard identification with qualitative analyses of the results. If further information or clarification is required, a methodology is presented for quantitative assessment of the global risks. The toolkit also provides risk profiles, probabilities of accidents and the financial consequences of these accidents. This toolkit has been applied to a range of scenarios involving work at height, workplace transport and the handling of materials.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. xiv, 134p. Illus. 31 ref. [in English]

CIS 08-952 Lance G.A., Anderson J.M.
Health and Safety Executive
The risk to third parties from bored tunnelling in soft ground
This study has looked at the hazards that are associated with soft ground tunnelling in urban areas. It considered all the types of construction methods currently used. Data on tunnel incidents has been taken from the published literature as well as from data compiled by the authors. This has been used to understand and describe the range of possible primary and underlying causes of failures. Methodologies for the mitigation of risks are examined and recommendations are made for the effective management of future urban tunnelling projects.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. viii, 67p. Illus. 72 ref. [in English]

CIS 08-786 Neathey F., Sinclair A., Rick J., Ballard J., Hunt W., Deavir A.
Health and Safety Executive
An evaluation of the five steps to risk assessment
This report presents an evaluation of the impact of HSE's leaflet entitled "Five steps to risk assessment" (see CIS 07-10), based on surveys and case studies across the United Kingdom. Over 1000 enterprises were interviewed by phone, on aspects including: organizational factors; conducting risk assessments; practices in relation to each of the five steps; challenges in implementing the five steps; impact of the five steps guidance; feedback on the five steps leaflet. Findings are discussed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. xiv, 155p. [in English]

CIS 08-556 Brownless G., Paterson J.
Health and Safety Executive
Complex and contentious risk based decision-making in the field of health, safety and the environment: Comparative analysis of two UK examples
HSE's Risk Policy Unit assisted by the Health and Safety Laboratory and several other partners submitted a proposal to the European Commission to study innovative processes in the governance of hazardous activities in the chemical and nuclear industries. Nine cases were studied and used as the basis for identifying the key features of innovative governance systems. This report aims presents the two United Kingdom case studies in detail.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. xii, 55p. Illus. 13 ref. [in English]

CIS 08-661 Niven K.
Health and Safety Executive
An evaluation of chemical disinfecting agents used in endoscopy suites in the NHS
The objective of this research project was to evaluate alternatives to glutaraldehyde for the disinfection of endoscopes. Their benefits and limitations are discussed. The work was undertaken because of the historically high number of cases of occupational asthma caused by glutaraldehyde. It concludes that there is no single most appropriate disinfectant. Many users are moving away from glutaraldehyde towards other products, some of which are also regarded as potential respiratory allergens. The report includes approaches for limiting exposures to disinfecting agents based on HSE's COSHH Essentials (see CIS 00-675), including ventilation and containment.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. 28p. Illus. 102 ref. [in English]

CIS 08-690 Tetlow S.
Health and Safety Executive
Formal risk identification in professional SCUBA (FRIPS)
This report describes how fault tree analysis and failure modes and effects criticality analysis (FMECA) can be carried out on operations and hardware typical of a professional SCUBA diving activity. The methodologies are applied to human factors, pre-dive checks and maintenance, training, stress and panic, design and accident investigation.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. viii, 59p. Illus. 17 ref. [in English]

CIS 08-429 Ernst R.A.
Emergency response: Worst-case scenario
Employers have learned from current events ranging from Hurricane Katrina to 9/11 that any workplace can be negatively affected by events outside of the employer's control. This article explains how to develop an emergency response plan to cope with these unforeseen events. Topics addressed: hazard evaluation; setting up an emergency response team; establishing a command post; liaison with government agencies and neighbouring businesses; specific plans for fire, weather emergencies, chemical spills and workplace violence.
Occupational Hazards, Sep. 2006, p.35-39. Illus.

CIS 08-428 Folkard S., Lombardi D.A.
Modeling the impact of the components of long work hours on injuries and "accidents"
Many of the major industrial disasters of the last few decades occurred in the early hours of the morning. Follow-up investigations concluded that they were at least partially attributable to human fatigue and/or error. In this study, a "risk index" was developed based on published studies of the relationship between the risk of incidents and work schedules. The estimated risks of an incident for various standard work schedules are presented using the proposed model. It was found that the estimated risk of an injury or accident associated with any given number of weekly work hours varies substantially depending on how work hours are spread. The risk depends on the length and type of shift, as well as the frequency of rest breaks.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 2006, Vol.49, No.11, p.953-963. Illus. 35 ref.

CIS 08-368 Guillemy N., Liévin D., Pagliero D.
Isolated work - Prevention of hazards - Review and implementation
Travail isolé - Prévention des risques - Synthèse et application [in French]
The problem of isolated work has been the subject of INRS studies since the nineteen eighties. In 2003, advances made in occupational safety and health together with demands from enterprises led the Institute undertake a fresh review of the topic. Aimed at helping enterprises implement preventive measures, this guide is based on the findings of the review. It is divided into four parts: problem of isolated work, its extent and its related hazards, together with the integration of isolated work into the overall occupational safety and health organization of the enterprise. It also includes a proposed approach for the selection of alarm systems for isolated workers.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Dec. 2006. 60p. Illus. 21 ref. Price: EUR 8.20. Downloadable version free of charge.$File/ed985.pdf [in French]

CIS 08-409 Wood dust - Challenges for occupational risk assessment and management
Evaluation professionnelle aux poussières de bois: évaluation et gestion des risques [in French]
This document, available in both print and CD-ROM forms, consists of French and English abstracts of all of the 80-odd papers and posters presented at an international congress on occupational exposure to wood dust held in Strasbourg, France, from 25 to 27 October 2006. The abstracts are grouped under the following session headings: particle characteristics and methods of sampling; exposure assessment; human health effects; biological mechanisms; risk assessment; risk management; risk control; future directions.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30, rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Oct. 2006. 210p. +CD-ROM.

CIS 08-325 Mandel J.H., Kelsh M.A., Mink P.J., Alexander D.D., Kalmes R.M., Weingart M., Yost L., Goodman M.
Occupational trichloroethylene exposure and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: A meta-analysis and review
This literature survey of 14 occupational cohort and four case-control studies of workers exposed to trichloroethylene (TCE) was carried out to investigate the relation between TCE exposure and the risk of nonHodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Interpretation is hampered by variability in results across the studies, limited exposure assessments, lack of evidence of exposure response trends, lack of supportive information from toxicological and mechanistic data, and an absence of consistent findings of exposure and NHL. Overall, there is insufficient evidence to suggest a causal link between TCE exposure and NHL.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 2006, Vol.63, No.9, p.597-607. 88 ref.

CIS 08-207 Vaxelaire S., Petit C., Felten E., Evard G., Rivallain J.P., Börner C.
Hazards of road driving during work
Le risque routier en entreprise [in French]
Excluding commuting accidents, driving during work was responsible for 28.5% of fatal occupational accidents in France during 2005. This full issue devoted to the topic of occupational driving hazards contains interviews, opinions and experiences of various responsible persons and experts (senior road safety official, INRS road hazards project manager, director of occupational hazards of a mutual insurance fund, secretary of an occupational hygiene, working conditions and safety committee of a large enterprise and head of safety of a German insurance company).
Réalité Prévention, Dec. 2006, No.13, p.1-12 (whole issue). Illus.

CIS 08-110 Wagner B.
Labour standards, safety and health, and risk assessment in the fishing sector
This article gives an overview of the ILO's standards concerning occupational safety and health, of the specific standards concerning work on board fishing vessels and of the work to develop a new Convention and Recommendation on Work in the Fishing Sector. It includes proposed requirements and guidance concerning risk assessment. Examples are provided of how risk assessment has been used in ILO instruments, in European Union Directives concerning the fishing sector and in national laws, regulations and practice in this sector. The objective of this article is to stimulate debate on how risk assessment on fishing vessels could be promoted worldwide, taking into account differing levels of development and the considerable diversity of fishing.
International Maritime Health, 2006, Vol.57, No.1/4, p.114-126.

MAEVABTP2 [in French]
MEAVA-BTO consists of a five-step computer-assisted method aimed at helping construction industry employers structure the hazard evaluation exercise through a multidisciplinary approach to occupational safety and health. It also helps them compile the single document, obtain practical information on occupational safety and health solutions on the Internet and put together and publish an action plan. There are two versions of the software, suited to either small or large enterprises.
Organisme Professionnel de Prévention du Bâtiment et des Travaux Publics (OPPBTP), Tour Amboise, 204, rond-point du Pont-de-Sèvres, 92516 Boulogne-Billancourt Cedex, France, 2006. CD-ROM. [in French]

CIS 07-1255 Buck Louis G., Damstra T., Díaz-Barriga F., Faustman E., Hass U., Kavlock R., Kimmel C., Kimmel G., Krishnan K., Luderer U., Sheldon L.
Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC)
Principles for evaluating health risks in children associated with exposure to chemicals
This criteria document explains the scientific principles to be considered in assessing health risks in children, taking into account their unique susceptibilities. The central focus is on the developmental phases of the child from the embryonic phase up to adolescence, rather than on a specific environmental agent, target organ, or disease. It integrates what is known about exposures, toxicity data, and health outcome at different stages of the development of children. Topics addressed: biological characteristics of children; susceptibilities and outcomes that are specific to developmental stages; exposure assessment of children; methodologies to assess health outcomes in children; implications and strategies for risk assessment among children. Detailed summaries in French and Spanish are included.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2006. xxii, 329p. Illus. Approx. 850 ref. Price: CHF 50.00; USD 45.00 (CHF 35.00 in developing countries). Downloadable version free of charge. [in English]

CIS 07-1388
Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC)
Principles and methods for assessing autoimmunity associated with exposure to chemicals
This criteria document series provides a framework for the evaluation of chemical risk factors in the development of autoimmune diseases. Topics addressed include a general introduction to autoimmune mechanisms, clinical expression of autoimmune diseases, mechanisms of chemical-associated autoimmune responses, information on various chemical and other agents, animal models and human testing for autoimmune disease and the application of information on chemicals in risk assessment of autoimmune diseases. Detailed summaries in French and Spanish are included.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2006. xxvi, 333p. Illus. Approx. 900 ref. Price: CHF 50.00; USD 45.00 (CHF 35.00 in developing countries). Downloadable version free of charge. [in English]

CIS 07-1461 Safety of radiation generators and sealed radioactive sources
The objective of this guide is to assist Member States to implement regulatory requirements for the safety of radiation sources. It provides guidance on responsibilities for safety, on methodologies for performing safety assessments and on operational measures that should be taken to ensure safety throughout the life cycle of radiation generators and sealed radioactive sources. The safety measures recommended are also applicable to radioactive sources in nuclear facilities or radioactive waste disposal facilities. Contents: introduction; regulatory infrastructure and responsibilities; safety assessment; design, manufacture and use of radiation sources and facilities; decommissioning of facilities and management of disused sources.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Wagramerstrasse 5, P.O. Box 100, 1400 Wien, Austria, 2006. 59p. Illus. 56 ref. Price: EUR 25.00. [in English]

CIS 07-1259 Gochfeld M., Volz C.D., Burger J., Jewett S., Powers C.W., Friedlander B.
Developing a health and safety plan for hazardous field work in remote areas
Developing health and safety plans (HASPs) is a common feature of occupational safety and health for many workplaces. Formal HASPs are a requirement for hazardous waste work. Aside from that of OSHA, there is relatively little practical guidance on what a HASP should cover or how to create and implement one. This article details the development of a HASP to cover field researchers and ship personnel conducting scientific research in a remote area (Amchitka Island in the western Aleutians), hundreds of kilometres from the nearest emergency room. It required characterizing the kinds of work to be performed and anticipating the hazards that could be encountered. An expedition of this sort requires extensive planning and experienced safety personnel, and cannot rely on luck to ensure the safe return of participants.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Dec. 2006, Vol.3, No.12, p.671-683. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 07-1128 Ribeiro M.G., Filho W.R.P.
Risk assessment of chemicals in foundries: The International Chemical Toolkit pilot-project
A pilot project was launched in 2005 in Brazil to implement the International Chemical Control Toolkit in the foundry industry. During a series of visits to foundries, it was observed that occupational exposures to silica dust and metal fumes continue to occur, due to a lack of awareness of exposures in the work environment. This article discusses improvements obtained so far after introducing the Chemical Toolkit to the foundry industry, and presents the next phases of the project, which will involve quantitative evaluation, training, information of personnel and the development of new tools.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Aug. 2006, Vol.136, No.3, p.432-437. Illus. 46 ref.

CIS 07-1154 Cozzani V., Bandini R., Basta C., Christou M.D.
Application of land-use planning criteria for the control of major accident hazards: A case-study
Land-use planning (LUP) with respect to major accident hazards is one of the more important requirements of Directive 96/82/EC (see CIS 97-1079). Different approaches were developed by the Member States of the European Union in order to implement this aspect of the Directive. This study consists of a comparison of these approaches developed for LUP with respect to major accidents hazards. An Italian industrial area was selected to perform a case study. The different LUP criteria were used both to evaluate the present state of the area and the effect of several proposed hazard reduction actions. Critical steps in the application of the different LUP criteria are identified, and the different priorities of hazard reduction actions resulting from risk-based and consequence-based approaches are highlighted.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Aug. 2006, Vol.136, No.2, p.170-180. Illus. 29 ref.

CIS 07-1044 Hazard analysis
L'analyse des risques [in French]
De risicoanalyse [in Dutch]
This booklet presents the concept of hazard analysis explains its use in the determination of occupational safety and health measures. Contents: introduction to the dynamic system of risk management; occupational safety and health; evaluation of the dynamic system of risk management; hazard analysis; hazard analysis strategy; analytical methods; classification and ranking methods; practical example of the evaluation of fire hazards in a small enterprise.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot I, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2006. 60p. Illus. [in French] [in Dutch]

CIS 07-1160 Electrical hazards
Risques électriques [in French]
Elektriciteit [in Dutch]
The objective of the SOBANE approach (screening, observation, analysis and evaluation) is to ensure occupational safety and health by means of a systematic analysis of occupational hazards. This booklet presents the SOBANE approach applied to electrical hazards. Following a review of general aspects of occupational safety and health management, it explains how to proceed with the observation, analysis and evaluation, together with the qualifications required for carrying out these steps. The main aspects of the following topics are summarized on information sheets: basic principles of electricity; circuit breakers; electrical hazards (electrocution, fire); static electricity; charging of batteries; Belgian and European regulations.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot I, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2006. 84p. Illus. 25 ref. [in French] [in Dutch]

CIS 07-1106 Work with screens
Travail avec écran [in French]
Beeldschermwerk [in Dutch]
The objective of the SOBANE approach (screening, observation, analysis and evaluation) is to ensure occupational safety and health by means of a systematic analysis of occupational hazards. This booklet presents the SOBANE approach applied to working at screens. Following a review of general aspects of occupational safety and health management, it explains how to proceed with the observation, analysis and evaluation, together with the qualifications required for carrying out these steps. The following topics are summarized on information sheets: desks and workplace layout; seats; office accessories; software; computer equipment; work-time organization; training; health surveillance.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot I, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2006. 93p. Illus. 59 ref. [in Dutch] [in French]

CIS 07-1156 Fire or explosion hazards
Risques d'incendie ou d'explosion [in French]
Risico's van brand of explosie [in Dutch]
The objective of the SOBANE approach (screening, observation, analysis and evaluation) is to ensure occupational safety and health by means of a systematic analysis of occupational hazards. This booklet presents the SOBANE approach applied to fire and explosion hazards. Following a review of general aspects of occupational safety and health management, it explains how to proceed with the observation, analysis and evaluation, together with the qualifications required for carrying out these steps. The following topics are summarized on information sheets: descriptions of work situations; layout of premises; storage of flammable and explosive substances; signalling; fire extinguishers; information and training of personnel; organization of fire fighting services.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot I, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2006. 140p. Illus. 21 ref. [in French] [in Dutch]

CIS 07-1229 Lighting
Eclairage [in French]
Verlichting [in Dutch]
The objective of the SOBANE approach (screening, observation, analysis and evaluation) is to ensure occupational safety and health by means of a systematic analysis of occupational hazards. This booklet presents the SOBANE approach applied to lighting at the place of work. Following a review of general aspects of occupational safety and health management, it explains how to proceed with the observation, analysis and evaluation, together with the qualifications required for carrying out these steps. The following topics are summarized on information sheets: units of measurement; desirable lighting as a function of the type of work; general recommendations; working with computers; types of lamps; types of ceiling lamps; glare and visual fatigue.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot I, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2006. 60p. Illus. 4 ref. [in French] [in Dutch]

CIS 07-1030 Seillan H.
Glossary of hazard terms
Glossaire des mots du danger [in French]
This glossary of approximately 150 terms used in occupational safety and health includes terms defined by law and terms with alternative or contradictory meanings. Its objective is to propose a reference definition to avoid misunderstandings.
Préventique-Sécurité, Nov.-Dec. 2006, No.90, p.13-22.

CIS 07-761 Richez J.P., Ravallec C.
Single document - Review of experiences after 5 years
Document unique - Retour d'expériences 5 ans après [in French]
This collection of articles reviews the experiences of French enterprises with respect to hazard evaluation five years after the publication of the decree of 5 November 2001 concerning the compilation of a document on evaluating the hazards to the safety and health of workers (see CIS 01-1278), also known as the "single document". Contents: findings of a survey on the implementation of the decree by enterprises; increasing requests for assistance in exposure evaluation received by INRS; findings of a survey on the implementation of the single document by small enterprises in the printing sector; experience of a printing shop and a hospital.
Travail et sécurité, Dec. 2006, No.668, p.17-29. Illus. 13 ref.$file/TS668page17.pdf?openelement [in French]

CIS 07-759 Jacques P.
All projects involve risks to be managed
Tout projet comporte des risques à gérer [in French]
This article presents various approaches, including computer-based tools, available to project managers for analyzing and managing the potential hazards of a project from the initial design to the final production. The experiences of enterprises involved in power distribution, parcel delivery and manufacture of liquefied gases are summarized.
Face au risque, Dec. 2006, No.428, p.15-19. Illus.

CIS 07-905 Aufauvre L., Marlair G., Michot C.
Pyrotechnics: Hazard evaluation
Pyrotechnie: une évaluation des risques [in French]
Several serious accidents have occurred in recent years in Europe and around the world during the storage and use of pyrotechnic products for entertainment or industrial use. The generalized use of airbags in automobiles has considerably increased the consumption of pyrotechnic products in industry, making it even more necessary to manage the hazards during their storage or handling. This article reviews the current regulatory situation in France in this field.
Face au risque, Nov. 2006, No.427, p.23-25. Illus.

CIS 07-826 Bléjan M.T.
Health care institutions and hazard evaluation: A complex process
Etablissements de santé et évaluation des risques: une procédure complexe [in French]
This article comments on the legal requirement for evaluating the safety and health hazards faced by workers in health care institutions. Mandatory since 2001 in France, these evaluations involve several difficulties given the complex nature of the work environment. Contents: legal aspects and the requirement to compile a single hazard evaluation document; hazards; complexity of the evaluation; analysis required prior to compiling the single document. Includes an example of a hazard evaluation sheet and brief statistics of occupational accidents and diseases in health care institutions.
Revue Technique Apave, Jan.-Mar. 2006, No.313, p.45-47. Illus.

CIS 07-775 Delegnes J.C., Bregier G., Giraud T.
The single document five years after the decree - Analytical assessment and approaches
Le document unique 5 ans après le décret - Bilan analytique et méthodologies [in French]
Contents of this publication on the single document for the evaluation of occupational hazards required by French legislation: description of the global approach which includes generating awareness among employees as a function of the objectives set by management and ensuring their participation in the compilation of the single document; methodology; comments of the regional occupational disease insurance fund of Aquitaine and of various occupational hygiene, safety and working conditions committees; description of available computer-based tools.
Editions d'ergonomie, BP 138, 13267 Marseille cedex 08, France, 2006. 152p. Illus. 74 ref. Price: EUR 22.00.

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