ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Français | Español
view in a printer-friendly format »

Risk evaluation - 1,588 entries found

Your search criteria are

  • Risk evaluation

2008

CIS 10-0108 Evans D.J., West J.M.
An appraisal of underground gas storage technologies and incidents, for the development of risk assessment methodology
The objective of this report was to assess the safety issues associated with the underground storage of natural gas. This has arisen because of the need to consider a number of applications submitted by various operators in the United Kingdom who wish to develop such facilities.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. xvi, 264p. Illus. Approx. 300 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr605.pdf [in English]

CIS 09-1015 Taitel M.S., Haufle V., Heck D., Loeppke R., Fetterolf D.
Incentives and other factors associated with employee participation in health risk assessments
The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to investigate factors associated with employee participation rates in health risk assessments. Data from 124 employers with 882,275 employees who completed 344,825 health and productivity assessments were evaluated using multiple regression analyses. Key predictors of participation included incentive values, communications, organizational commitment and company size.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug 2008, Vol.50, No.8, p.863-872. Illus. 36 ref.

CIS 09-638 Hansson S.O., Rudén C.
A risk-neutral default for chemical risk management
In many risk management decisions concerning industrial chemicals, the lack of toxicity data is interpreted as absence of toxicity. In other words, if the toxicity of a chemical is unknown, it is treated as having no or low toxicity. This practice is difficult to defend from a decision-theoretical point of view. Using standard decision theory to toxicity data, this article proposes an alternative approach in which substances with unknown properties are treated as if they had the average toxicity among tested substances in the group to which they belong. It argues that such a risk-neutral approach is preferable to the current practice of treating substances with unknown toxicity in the same manner as substances assumed to have no harmful properties.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Dec. 2008, Vol.51, No.12, p.964-967. 5 ref.

CIS 09-659
World Health Organization (WHO)
IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. 1,3-Butadiene, ethylene oxide and vinyl halides (vinyl fluoride, vinyl chloride and vinyl bromide)
This volume re-evaluates the available evidence on the carcinogenic potential of 1,3-butadiene, ethylene oxide and vinyl halides (vinyl fluoride, vinyl chloride and vinyl bromide). Ethylene oxide is widely used as a sterilizing agent for hospital equipment. The largest single use for 1,3-butadiene is in the production of styrene-butadiene rubber for tyres, while vinyl chloride is primarily used in the manufacture of polyvinyl chloride. Summary of final evaluations: ethylene oxide, 1,3-butadiene and vinyl chloride are classified in Group 1 (carcinogenic to humans); vinyl bromide is classified in Group 2A (probably carcinogenic to humans), while there is inadequate evidence for the carcinogenicity of vinyl fluoride in humans.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France 2008. ix, 510p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.
http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/vol97/mono97.pdf [in English]

CIS 09-268 Jakovlev S.Y., Isakevič N.V., Ryženko A.A., Fridman A.Ja.
Risk assessment and control: Implementation of information technologies for safety of enterprises
Ocenka riska i upravlenie riskom: Vnedrenie informacionnyh tehnologij na predprijatijah Murmanskoj oblasti [in Russian]
The aim of this article is to provide examples of the implementation of the modern safety management method developed by a Russian information technology and mathematical modeling institute. The computer-based system includes modules for evaluating the risk of major hazards and developing alternative scenarios, together with a decision support system. The method was tested and validated in a phosphate and alumina mining complex, and in an oil processing enterprise.
Barents - Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 2008, Vol.11, No.3, p.84-86 (English); p.86-88 (Russian). Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 09-441 Drolet D., Dessureault P.C.
Computer-based tools for thermal stress management
Utilitaires informatiques pour la gestion des contraintes thermiques [in French]
Quebec occupational safety and health regulations (RSST) specify permissible exposure values (PEVs) for heat, based on the WBGT index. Their measurement requires technical means that are not always available in workplaces. To help manage thermal stress, the Occupational safety and health commission (CSST) published a heat stroke prevention guide in 2003 that contains a calculation process leading to a corrected air temperature (CAT) that does not require any special instrumentation. This report describes the research efforts leading to the development of a computer-based tool for estimating the CAT for use by occupational hygienists.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008. iv, 20p. Illus. 8 ref. Price: CAD 6.30. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-591.pdf [in French]

CIS 09-387 Ostiguy C., Roberge B., Ménard L., Endo C.A.
Good practices guide to synthetic nanoparticle risk management
Guide de bonnes pratiques favorisant la gestion des risques reliés aux nanoparticules de synthèse [in French]
This document is the first Québec guide on the management of risks related to synthetic nanoparticles. It proposes a prevention strategy applicable to workers and researchers who use or produce nanoparticles. Aimed at enterprises, researchers and safety and health specialists involved with nanotechnologies, this guide describes the current state of knowledge and proposes recommendations for promoting risk factor management and control for the purpose of occupational injury prevention. The guide identifies health, safety and environmental hazards, proposes a procedure for risk evaluation and control, documents current practices worldwide and specifies the content of a company prevention program.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008.vi, 63p. Illus. 13 ref. Price: CAD 8.40. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-586.pdf [in French]

CIS 09-369 Garages
Garages [in French]
Garages [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to garages. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to garages containing 18 tables addressing various aspects of the job.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19732 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19462 [in Dutch]

CIS 09-381 Cleaning sector
Secteur du nettoyage [in French]
Schoonmaaksector [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to the cleaning sector. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to the cleaning sector containing 17 tables addressing various aspects of the job.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19766 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19474 [in Dutch]

CIS 09-380 Teaching
Enseignement [in French]
Onderwijs [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to teaching. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflets inviting participants of different classes of employees to attend Déparis meetings and the corresponding Déparis participative guides applied to teaching; four Déparis participative guides applied to teaching; four companion checklists to the Déparis participative guides, aimed at apprentices in the woodworking, construction, health care and all other sectors; leaflet on the prevention of occupational hazards in teaching.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=20178 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=20178 [in Dutch]

CIS 09-379 Health care sector
Secteur des soins de santé [in French]
Gezondheidszorgsector [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to the health care sector. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to the health care sector containing 18 tables addressing various aspects of the job.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19480 [in Dutch]
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19778 [in French]

CIS 09-377 Day nurseries
Crèches [in French]
Kinderdagverblijven [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to day nurseries. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to day nurseries containing 17 tables addressing various aspects of the job; leaflet presenting an available booklet on the prevention of backache in the infant care sector.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19454 [in Dutch]
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19710 [in French]

CIS 09-375 Pensioners' homes
Maisons de repos [in French]
Rusthuizen [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to pensioners' homes. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to pensioners' homes, containing 17 tables addressing various aspects of the job.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19754 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19468 [in Dutch]

CIS 09-374 Home care
Aide à domicile [in French]
Thuiszorg [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to the home care sector. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to the home care sector containing 11 tables addressing various aspects of the job; companion checklist to the Déparis guide enabling the identification of specific hazards faced in the homes of persons benefiting from home care; leaflet presenting the PROXIMA project on conditions of work in the home care sector.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19680 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19444 [in Dutch]

CIS 09-280 Sanz Herrero F., Pérez Alonso A., Nogareda Cuixart C., Hernández Esguevillas V., Hernández D., Rodrigo F., Iglesias P., Torres J.I., Pino P.T., Pascual C., Bestratén M., Iranzo Y.
European risk assessment campaign
Campaña europea sobre evaluación de riesgos [in Spanish]
Contents of this full issue devoted to the European risk assessment campaign: integrating hazard evaluation in the daily activities of enterprises; hazard evaluation in a Spanish construction firm; treatment and evaluation of psychosocial hazards; evaluation of hazards in work involving mechanical vibrations; survey on hazard evaluation in Spain; interview of the head of Spanish enterprise producing precision mechanical equipment; table listing the events taking place in Spain as part of the European risk assessment campaign; fact sheets on hazard evaluation (functions and responsibilities, key to healthy workplaces).
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Oct. 2008, No.49, p.5-65 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 09-398 Sousa Rodríguez E., Tanarro Gozalo C., Bernaola Alonso M., Tejedor Traspaderne J.N.
Chemical hazards: Simplified evaluation methods
Riesgo químico: métodos simplificados de evaluación [in Spanish]
This article presents simplified methods for evaluating the health hazards of chemicals that can be used in many occupational situations, or which can be used as an initial screening method for comparing exposure conditions in view of studying possible improvements. Contents: basic prevention principles; types of chemical hazard evaluation; simplified evaluation of chemical hazards; INRS method of simplified chemical hazard evaluation; advantages and disadvantages of simplified methods.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Dec. 2008, No.50, p.27-39. Illus. 12 ref.

CIS 09-397 González Fernández E.
Prospects for defining occupational exposure limits for carcinogens
Perspectivas en el establecimiento de los límites de exposición profesional para los carcinógenos [in Spanish]
In practice, establishing occupational exposure limits for carcinogens involves collecting and analyzing available toxicological and epidemiological data concerning the level (concentration or amount) for which no adverse effects are observed (NOAEL) or the lowest level for which an effect is observed (LOAEL) based on the dose-response relationship for the chemical being evaluated. However, many scientific issues still need to be understood and resolved.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Dec. 2008, No.50, p.20-26. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 09-276 Takala J.
Healthy workplaces - Good for you. Good for business
Collection of articles on workplace risk assessment contributed by EU Member States to the campaign of the European Agency for safety and health at work. Main topics covered: risk assessment in SMEs and micro-businesses; risk assessment methods developed by countries (Netherlands, Austria, Slovenia, Finland, Switzerland); risk assessment of manual handling of hospital patients; risk assessment method for handling below-the-threshold quantities of hazardous substances; assessing the risks of work-related stress; financial benefits of effective risk assessment.
Magazine - European Agency for Safety and Health at Work / Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail, 2008, No.11, p.1-48 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/magazine/magazine11 [in English]

CIS 09-333 Yadegarfar G., McNamee R.
Shift work, confounding and death from ischaemic heart disease
The objective of this study was to investigate the relation between shift work and death from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and evidence for confounding by social class and healthy shift worker effects. The cases were 635 members of a cohort of industrial workers who died of ischaemic heart disease during 1950-98. Referents were matched on age and year of starting work at the site and were alive at time of case's death. Shift work status was determined from historical personnel records and pre-employment weight, height, blood pressure and smoking from medical records. Social class at first employment was inferred from job titles. Conditional logistic regression analysis was used to estimate ORs. 55% of subjects had worked as shift workers. Shift workers were more likely than day workers to belong to social class IV or V. No excess risk of death from IHD for shift workers was found. The potential for confounding by social class in this relatively homogeneous cohort underlines the need to consider such confounding in more heterogeneous populations.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2008, Vol.65, No.3, p.158-163. 19 ref.

CIS 09-9 Swuste P.
Occupational accident scenarios, and accident analysis
Papers selected among those presented at an international conference on occupational safety held Zeewolde, Netherlands, from 12-15 September 2006,. Topics covered: government programs from The Netherlands and Denmark to reduce occupational accidents and their effects; methodological and conceptual issues (models for workplace interventions, expert judgements, risk assessment methods, bias related to questionnaire studies); accident scenarios and interventions in various industries and activities; road safety.
Safety Science, Feb. 2008, Vol.46, No.2, p.151-343 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 09-87 Komljenovic D., Groves W.A., Kecojevic V.J.
Injuries in U.S. mining operations - A preliminary risk analysis
Despite significant reductions in mining injuries, incidence rates remain high compared to other industries. A systematic risk analysis was undertaken to thoroughly characterize injuries for the 10-year period from 1995 to 2004. Data were obtained from United States Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) reports. The categories - fatalities, non-fatal days-lost (NFDL) injuries and no-days-lost (NDL) injuries - were analyzed, and a preliminary risk matrix produced. Results show decreasing injury frequency for all categories over the period examined. However, there still exists a serious level of risk for fatal and NFDL injuries, and a moderate level of risk for NDL injuries. These findings emphasize the need for continued efforts to reduce mining injuries and should be helpful in prioritizing control strategies. The results of this study represent a preliminary global risk analysis, and will therefore form the basis of subsequent more detailed studies.
Safety Science, June 2008, Vol.46, No.5, , p.792-801. Illus. 20 ref.

CIS 09-241 Dağdeviren M., Yüksel İ., Kurt M.
A fuzzy analytic network process (ANP) model to identify faulty behavior risk (FBR) in work system
Work system safety is a function of many factors, besides being dynamic and complex. There may be relations and dependencies among the safety factors. Therefore, work system safety should be analyzed in a holistic manner. In this study, an attempt was made to determine the faulty behaviour risks (FBRs) which are significant in work system safety through an analytical network process (ANP), an extension of the analytical hierarchy process which allows the analysis of complex systems. Besides, there are many difficulties and limitations in measuring the faulty behaviour factors. For this reason, the weights of factors and sub-factors necessary to calculate the FBR were determined by using fuzzy ANP, making it possible to improve decision-making processes.
Safety Science, June 2008, Vol.46, No.5, p.771-783. Illus. 34 ref.

CIS 09-43 't Mannetje A., Dryson E., Walls C., McLean D.J., McKenzie F., Maule M., Cheng S., Cunningham C., Kromhout H., Boffetta P., Blair A., Pearce N.
High risk occupations for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in New Zealand: Case-control study
Previous studies into occupational risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in New Zealand have indicated that farmers and meat workers are at increased risk for these neoplasms. A nationwide case-control study was conducted to assess whether previously observed associations persist and to identify other occupations that may contribute to the risk of NHL in the New Zealand population. A total of 291 incident cases of NHL notified to the New Zealand Cancer Registry during 2003 and 2004, and 471 population controls, were interviewed. The questionnaire collected demographic information and a full occupational history. The relative risk for NHL associated with ever being employed in particular occupations and industries was calculated by statistical methods, The study confirmed that crop farmers and meat workers remain high risk occupations for NHL in New Zealand, and has identified several other occupations and industries of high NHL risk that merit further study.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 2008, Vol.65, No.5, p.354-363. 45 ref.

CIS 09-163 Silva Pérez C.A.
Study of the identification of HAZID (Hazard Identification) dangers
Estudio de identificación de peligros HAZID (Hazard Identification) [in Spanish]
HAZID analyses consist of an instrument aimed at identifying project or process hazards. In Columbia, they have primarily been applied to the petrochemical sector, but are now also used in other sectors. This article presents the various steps involved in a HAZID analysis, together with the main advantages of the method.
Protección y seguridad, May-June, 2008, Vol.54, No.319, p.37-39. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 09-165
Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC)
Skin sensitization in chemical risk assessment
This harmonization project activity in 2006 focused on skin sensitization in chemical risk assessment. An IPCS international workshop was convened from 17-18 October 2006, in Berlin, Germany with the aim of evaluating experimental techniques for their ability to produce data to inform risk assessment, including provision of dose-response information and information relating to sensitive sub-populations. The workshop focused on whether it is possible to distinguish between chemicals with a high potency to elicit allergic skin reactions and those with a low potency. Emerging approaches, such as structure activity relationships (SAR), were explored. The meeting also explored whether assessment approaches for skin sensitization could inform approaches for the respiratory tract.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2008. iv, 85p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.who.int/ipcs/methods/harmonization/areas/skin_sensitization.pdf [in English]

CIS 09-109 Schulte P., Geraci C., Zumwalde R., Hoover M., Kuempel E.
Occupational risk management of engineered nanoparticles
The earliest and most extensive societal exposures to engineered nanoparticles are likely to occur in the workplace. This article reviews a conceptual framework for occupational risk management as applied to engineered nanomaterials and describes an associated approach for controlling exposures in the presence of uncertainty. The framework takes into account the potential routes of exposure and factors that may influence the biological activity and potential toxicity of nanomaterials. It incorporates approaches based on the traditional industrial hygiene hierarchy of controls involving elimination or substitution, engineering controls, administrative controls, and use of personal protective equipment. It also includes secondary approaches involving medical surveillance.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Apr. 2008, Vol.5, No.4, p.239-249. Illus. 71 ref.

CIS 08-1281 Risk assessment - The key to healthy workplaces
Ocenkata na riska - ključăt kăm zdravoslovni rabotni mesta [in Bulgarian]
Riskbedömning - nyckeln till ett hälsosamt arbetsliv [in Swedish]
Arbejdspladsvurdering - nøglen til sunde arbejdspladser [in Danish]
Gefährdungsbeurteilung - der Schlüssel zu gesunden Arbeitsplätzen [in German]
Ektímēsē kindúnou - to kleidí gia asfaleís kai ugieís hṓrous ergasías [in Greek]
Evaluación de riesgos: la clave para unos trabajos saludables [in Spanish]
Riskihindamine on tervislike töökohtade võti [in Estonian]
Riskinarviointi - avain terveelliseen työhön [in Finnish]
L'évaluation des risques - Le garant de lieux de travail sains [in French]
Kockázatértékelés - kulcs az egészséges munkahelyekhez [in Hungarian]
La valutazione dei rischi, la chiave per garantire ambienti di lavoro sani e sicuri [in Italian]
Rizikos vertinimas - raktas į saugias darbo vietas [in Lithuanian]
Risku novērtēšana - pamats drošām un veselībai nekaitīgām darba vietām [in Latvian]
L-evalwazzjoni tar-riskju - il-muftieħ għal postijiet tax-xogħol li jġibu 'l quddiem is-saħħa [in Maltese]
Risicobeoordeling - onmisbaar voor een gezonde werkplek [in Dutch]
Ocena ryzyka zawodowego - sposób na zdrowe i bezpieczne miejsce pracy [in Polish]
Avaliação de riscos: a chave para locais de trabalho seguros e saudáveis [in Portuguese]
Evaluarea riscurilor - calea spre locuri de muncă sigure şi sănătoase [in Romanian]
Hodnotenie rizík - kl'úč k zdravým pracoviskám [in Slovak]
Ocena tveganja - ključ do varnih in zdravju prijaznih delovnih mest [in Slovenian]
Hodnocení rizik - klíč k ochraně zdraví na pracovišti [in Czech]
Risk assessment is the basis for successful safety and health management, and the key to reducing work-related accidents and occupational diseases. If it is implemented well, it can improve workplace safety and health, and business performance in general. This fact sheet summarizes the five steps involved in carrying out a risk assessment, namely: identifying the hazards and persons at risk; evaluating and prioritizing the risks; deciding on preventive action; taking action; monitoring and reviewing.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2008. 2p. Illus.
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/81/view [in Multilingual]

CIS 08-1280 Risk assessment - Roles and responsibilities
Ocenka na riska - roli i otgovornosti [in Bulgarian]
Riskhantering - roller och ansvar [in Swedish]
Arbejdspladsvurdering - roller og ansvar [in Danish]
Gefährdungsbeurteilung - Rollen und Pflichten [in German]
Ektímēsē kindúnou - róloi kai euthúnes [in Greek]
Evaluación de riesgos: funciones y responsabilidades [in Spanish]
Riskihindamine - rollid ja kohustused [in Estonian]
Riskinarviointi - tehtävät ja vastuunjako [in Finnish]
L'évaluation des risques - Rôles et responsabilités [in French]
Kockázatértékelés - feladatok és felelősségek [in Hungarian]
La valutazione dei rischi: ruoli e responsabilità [in Italian]
Rizikos vertinimas - pareigos ir atsakomybė [in Lithuanian]
Risku novērtēšana - lomas un pienākumi [in Latvian]
L-evalwazzjoni tar-riskju - rwoli u responsabbiltajiet [in Maltese]
Risicobeoordeling - Rollen en verantwoordelijkheden [in Dutch]
Ocena ryzyka zawodowego - zadania i obowiązki [in Polish]
Avaliação de riscos: funções e responsabilidades [in Portuguese]
Evaluarea riscurilor - roluri şi responsabilităţi [in Romanian]
Hodnotenie rizík - úlohy a povinnosti [in Slovak]
Ocena tveganja - vloge in odgovornosti [in Slovenian]
Hodnocení rizika - úlohy a povinnosti [in Czech]
Fact sheet. Workers' safety and health is protected in Europe by an approach based on assessing and managing risk. In order to carry out effective workplace risk assessment, all persons involved require a clear understanding of the legal context, concepts, the process of assessing the risks and the role to be played by the main actors involved in the process.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2008. 2p. Illus.
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/80/view [in Multilingual]

CIS 08-1262 Fraile Cantalejo A.
20 years of these risk maps
20 años de aquellos mapas de riesgos [in Spanish]
This article reviews 20 years of history in the use of risk mapping in Spain since the presentation by the INSHT of the results of the first study in this field.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Jan. 2008, No.45, p.32-41. Illus.

CIS 08-1400
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
REACH - Situation as of September 2008
REACH - Stand: September 2008 [in German]
Collection of bibliographic data and abstracts of recent publications on the REACH regulations (registration, evaluation and authorization of chemicals) obtained from a search in the LITDOK database of the German Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Friedrich-Henkel-Weg 1-25, 44149 Dortmund, Germany, 2008. PDF document. 31p.

CIS 08-1416 Luna Mendaza P., Pujol Senovilla L.
Technical guide: Noise and mechanical vibrations
Guías técnicas: ruido y vibraciones mecánicas [in Spanish]
Presentation of the main points of two technical guides on noise and mechanical vibrations recently published by the INSHT. They aim to help implement the Royal Decrees on the protection of occupational safety and health of workers exposed to noise (RD 286/2006) and to mechanical vibration (RD 11311/2005).
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, July 2008, No.48, p.38-43. Illus.

CIS 08-1390 Jolly H.
Asbestos hazards: Construction sector workers on the front line
Risque amiante: les professionnels du BTP en première ligne [in French]
Topics addressed in this article on the prevention of occupational hazards due to asbestos in the construction sector: jobs exposed to hazards; data on the number of exposed workers in France, cases of compensated occupational diseases and fatalities caused by asbestos; personal protective equipment; diseases caused by asbestos (asbestosis; pleural plaques; bronchopulmonary cancers, mesothelioma); account of a retired electrician suffering from pleural lesions and asbestosis; viewpoint of an asbestos victims' defense association.
Prévention BTP, Apr. 2008, No.106, p.48-51. Illus.

CIS 08-1450 Chinniah Y., Champoux M.
Safety of automated machines - Analysis of risks and means of protection on a plastics injection press
La sécurité des machines automatisées - Analyse des risques et des moyens de protection sur une presse à injection de plastique [in French]
This report presents a method for evaluating the safety of automated machines according to the procedure defined in ISO 14121:1999, applied to plastics injection moulding machines. Several interventions on two similar machines used in two plants in the Quebec plastics industry were observed. Although the findings cannot be directly transferred to risk analyses on other injection moulding or other types of automated machines, they nevertheless reveal several typically dangerous phenomena, situations and events associated with industrial machines. The report also discusses various safety principles, functions and components integrated into the electrical, programmable electronic and hydraulic control circuits aimed at reducing the risks of injection moulding machines that are applicable to several types of industrial machines.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008. vii, 83p. Illus. 25 ref. Price: CAD 10.50. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-557.pdf [in French]

CIS 08-1442
Health and Safety Executive
Sound advice - Control of noise at work in music and entertainment
These practical guidelines apply to the control of noise at work in music and entertainment, including concert halls and theatres, amplified live music venues, pubs/clubs and recording studios. It has been drafted and supported by representatives from a wide range of music and entertainment sectors in the United Kingdom, as well as Environmental Health Officers and the HSE. Its aim is to help employers, employees and freelancers control or reduce exposure to noise at work without stopping people from enjoying music. A first part explains the requirements of The Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 (CIS 06-1259), with specific advice provided in a second part.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, July 2008.vi, 106p. Illus. 29 ref. Price: GBP 14.50.

CIS 08-1350 Elsler D.
Protecting workers in hotels, restaurants and catering
The growing hotel, restaurant and catering sector (HORECA) employs more than 7.8 million, mostly young and low-skilled, people in the European Union. Typically, employees work long, irregular hours doing physically demanding work. The risks to workers' safety and health are many and varied, resulting from prolonged standing, carrying and lifting, exposure to high noise levels and working in too hot or cold environments. Workers also suffer cuts and burns, trips, slips and falls, and come into contact with dangerous substances. The work can be monotonous, stressful and draining. Nevertheless, employers and employees can work together to improve workplace safety and health. This prevention report on the HORECA sector highlights key risk prevention measures.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2008. 163p. Illus. 71 ref. Price: EUR 20.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/TE7007132ENC_horeca [in English]

CIS 08-1156 Van Wassenhove W., Garbolino E.
Lessons learned from accidents and the prevention of hazards - Principles and methods
Retour d'expérience et prévention des risques - Principes et méthodes [in French]
The lessons learned from accidents approach (LLA) is to provide enterprises with the means of benefiting form past experiences. This publication presents the state of the art with respect to the definition and implementation of an LLA aimed at managing hazards within the enterprise. A first part deals with the basic theoretical and methodological aspects. The second part describes the implementation of an LLA system. It explains the prerequisites for introducing an LLA within the enterprise, together with the approach for its implementation. An example of the LLA method, which comprises a hazard evaluation phase, is also included. Finally, the conclusion addresses the contributions and limits of the LLA approach in the context of hazard evaluation, and discusses the prospects for further improvements.
Editions Tec et Doc, 11 rue Lavoisier, 75008 Paris, France, 2008. vii, 72p. Illus. 64 ref. Index. Price: EUR 35.00.

CIS 08-1162 Procaccia H.
Basics of frequential and Bayesian approaches - Applications in the field of the control of industrial hazards
Les fondements des approches fréquentielle et bayésienne - Applications à la maîtrise du risque industriel [in French]
Analysing the risk of industrial accidents consists of evaluating the likelihood of occurrence of a dreaded event and of its consequences. For evaluating this likelihood, an approach based on frequential statistics approach was commonly used, an approach which however is lacking in terms of both rigour and objectivity. This publication explains the advantages of an approach based on Bayesian statistics and subjective probability, which takes into account all available knowledge for carrying out a hazard evaluation, including lessons learned from accidents and expertise.
Editions Tec et Doc, 11 rue Lavoisier, 75008 Paris, France, 2008. xix, 248p. Illus. 42 ref. Index. Price: EUR 70.00.

CIS 08-1123 De Fex R.L.
Chemical hazard evaluation methods
Metodologías de análisis de riesgos químicos [in Spanish]
Aimed at safety specialists, this article reviews the methodologies available for evaluating chemical hazards. It firstly defines the general hazard analysis framework for the purpose of ensuring chemical safety, and then briefly describes the various analytical methods: preliminary hazard analysis (PHA); job hazard analysis (JHA); fault tree analysis (FTA); hazard and operability analysis (HAZOP); failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA); quantitative risk assessment (QRA); DOW fire and explosion index; layer of protection analysis (LOPA).
Protección y seguridad, Jan.-Feb. 2008, Vol.54, No.317, p.61-66. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 08-1028 Consolani D.
Model management - Occupational safety and health
Gestión modelo - Seguridad y salud ocupacional [in Spanish]
This article presents the three main occupational safety and health management systems currently in use: the total loss control model, the DuPont model and safety integrated with total quality. It then goes on to describe the system implemented in an Argentinean enterprise erecting pylons for electrical power lines, based on the so-called ABC model (antecedents, behaviour, consequences).
Protección y seguridad, Jan.-Feb. 2008, Vol.54, No.317, p.40-45. Illus.

CIS 08-868 Sagot F.
Enterprises faced with the problem of hazardous construction sites
Les entreprises face aux "chantiers à risques" [in French]
Asbestos removal demolition and soil remediation operations involve hazards for operators, neighbourhood populations and the environment. To limit these hazards, it is necessary to carry out a preliminary analysis of the existing situation, in view of the fact that regulations require that the possible presence of toxic substances such as lead or asbestos be verified. This analysis allows the operating procedure to be defined (involve specialised companies, set up a confined area, select personal protective equipment). Other aspects covered in this collection of articles on demolition work: permissions and regulatory aspects; training of demolition specialists; sorting and recycling of waste streams; treatment of polluted soils.
Prévention BTP, Feb. 2008, No.104, p.38-47. Illus.

CIS 08-807 My life, my work, my safe work - Managing risk in the work environment
Wode shenghuo, wode gongzuo, wode gongzuo anquan [in Chinese]
Ma vie, mon travail, mon travail en sécurité - Gestion du risque en milieu de travail [in French]
Mi vida, mi trabajo, mi trabajo en seguridad - Gestión del riesgo en el medio laboral [in Spanish]
The World Day for Safety and Health at Work was created in order to promote safe, healthy and decent work around the world. Tripartite events took place world wide, and a number of products were published, including this booklet, to support these efforts. People everywhere are exposed to safety and health risks from their work. The ILO estimates that some 6,000 workers die each day worldwide as a result of work-related accidents or illness. And occupationally related deaths appear to be on the rise. Moreover, it is estimated that 270 million non-fatal work-related accidents occur each year (each resulting in at least three days' absence from work) as well as 160 million new cases of work-related diseases. The total cost of such accidents and ill health have been estimated by the ILO to equal four percent of global GDP, or more than 20 times the global amount of official development assistance.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 11p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/asro/beijing/download/report_oshday08.pdf [in Chinese]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/protection/safework/worldday/products08/report_08.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/worldday/products08/report_08ar.pdf [in Arabic]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/worldday/products08/report_08.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/protection/safework/worldday/products08/report_08.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 08-926 Hazard alert: Combustible dust explosions
Combustible dusts are fine particles that present an explosion hazard when dispersed in air in certain conditions. A dust explosion can be catastrophic and cause employee deaths, injuries, and destruction of entire buildings. In many combustible dust accidents, employers and employees are unaware that a hazard exists. Contents of this safety information sheet on dust explosions: how dust explosions occur; catastrophic secondary explosions; industries at risk; dust control recommendations; ignition control recommendations; injury and damage control methods; OSHA regulations; sources of additional information.
Publications U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, Mar. 2008. 2p. Illus. 8 ref.
http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_General_Facts/OSHAcombustibledust.pdf [in English]

2007

CIS 12-0351 Ellis N.
Work-related stress: A review of developments in the UK
The United Kingdom Health and safety Executive (HSE) developed stress management standards that were published in 2005. This article focusses on the potential significance of these standards for Australia.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, 2007, Vol.23, No.4, p.373-381. 31 ref
Work-related_stress_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]

CIS 10-0291 Descatha A., Roquelaure Y., Evanoff B., Niedhammer I., Chastang J.F., Mariot C., Ha C., Imbernon E., Goldberg M., Leclerc A.
Selected questions on biomechanical exposures for surveillance of upper-limb work-related musculoskeletal disorders
Questionnaires for assessment of biomechanical exposure are frequently used in surveillance programmes, though few studies have evaluated which key questions are needed. The objective of this study was to reduce the number of variables on a surveillance questionnaire by identifying which variables best summarized biomechanical exposure. Data on 2685 subjects for which 37 variables assessing biomechanical exposures were available for the years 2002 to 2003 from the French experimental network of Upper-limb work-related musculoskeletal disorders were used and subjected to Principal Component Analysis (PCA). It was concluded that 26 of the original 37 variables were sufficient to characterize major biomechanical constraints.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Oct. 2007, Vol.81, No.1, p.1-8. Illus. 30 ref.

CIS 09-874 Harford A., Edwards J., Briestly B., Wright P.
Current OSH best practices for the Australian nanotechnology industry: A position paper by the NanoSafe Australia Network
Advancement of the nanotechnology industry in Australia has seen numerous researchers beginning to handle nanomaterials, as well as the establishment of industrial facilities that are producing nanomaterials for incorporation into consumer products. Traditionally, the risk assessment of chemicals relies heavily on their composition, whereas the key determinants in the adverse effects caused by nanomaterials are their physical parameters (particle size, surface area and surface chemistry). At the present time, workplace exposure standards are not available, and appropriate methods that accurately characterise exposure to nanomaterials have not been established. Exposure of workers should therefore be "as low as reasonably practicable" through risk management programs that broadly encompass all of the hierarchy of controls used for ultrafine particulates, namely appropriate engineering controls, administrative controls and personal protective equipment.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 2007, Vol.23, No.4, p.315-331. 51 ref.

CIS 09-388 Hervé-Bazin B.
Nanoparticles - A major occupational health challenge?
Les nanoparticules - Un enjeu majeur pour la santé au travail? [in French]
Nanoparticles are objects of less than 100 nanometres in size but whose source and use are very diverse. Because of their high rate of development, the absence of sufficient specific regulations and the lack of knowledge concerning their human toxicity, they are the cause of anxiety against risks that appear new, or which are in any case insufficiently understood. The objective of this publication is to present the current state of scientific knowledge on nanoparticles for enabling advances in research, public health and industrial hygiene. Contents: general aspects; characteristics and sources of these aerosols; routes of entry; environmental toxicological data; specific examples (simple or complex oxides, carbon-based particles).
EDP Sciences, 17 avenue du Hoggar, Parc d'Activité de Courtabœuf, BP 112, 91944 Les Ulis Cedex A, France, 2007. 701p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 54.00.

CIS 09-378 Services sector
Secteur tertiaire [in French]
Tertiaire sector [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to the services sector. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to the services sector containing 16 tables addressing various aspects of the job.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2007. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19486 [in Dutch]
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19786 [in French]

CIS 09-376 Telework from home
Télétravail à domicile [in French]
Telethuiswerk [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to the services sectors in which workers are engaged in teleworking from their home. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to teleworking from home, containing 16 tables addressing 16 aspects of this type of work; companion checklist to the Déparis guide enabling the teleworkers to take into account the conditions of working from their homes; leaflet available booklets on the topic of teleworking.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2007. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19252 [in French]
/http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19252 [in Dutch]

CIS 09-275 Martuzzi M., Goldstein B.D., Cogliano V.J., Kriebel D., Rushton L.
The precautionary principle: In action for public health
The precautionary principle states that the lack of scientific certainty must not be viewed as a reason to ignore or postpone preventive or remedial action when there are other good reasons to do so. The principle has its roots in environmental protection in the 1970s. This editorial argues in favour of its adoption in public heath. Four readers comment on this editorial, raising some of the difficulties faced in precisely defining the scope and limits of the principle.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 2007, Vol.64, No.9, p.569-574. 48 ref.

CIS 09-166
Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC)
IPCS mode of action framework
The use of structured frameworks in chemical risk assessment promotes transparent, harmonized approaches. This manual presents two IPCS frameworks. Part 1 contains the framework for analysing the relevance of a cancer mode of action for humans, along with three case studies illustrating its application. Part 2 contains the framework for analysing the relevance of a non-cancer mode of action for humans. These frameworks provide a means of ensuring a transparent evaluation of the data, the identification of key data gaps and information that would be of value in the further risk assessment of the chemical in question.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2007. iv, 123p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 40.00 (CHF 28.00 in developing countries).
http://www.who.int/ipcs/ [in English]

CIS 09-175 Murphy W.J., Tubbs R.L.
Assessment of noise exposure for indoor and outdoor firing ranges
NIOSH received a request for a health hazard evaluation from the employees and management of a police department concerned about potential hearing damage from noise generated during weapons training on their indoor and outdoor firing ranges. NIOSH investigators conducted noise sampling with an mannequin head and microphone to characterize the noise exposures that officers might experience during small arms qualification and training when wearing a variety of hearing protection devices provided by the department. The peak sound pressure levels for the various weapons ranged from 156 to 170dB, which are higher than the recommended 140dB exposure guideline from NIOSH. Earplugs, ear muffs and customized hearing protectors provided between 25 and 35dB reduction. Double hearing protection (plugs plus muffs) added a further 15-20dB reduction. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Sep. 2007, Vol.4, No.9, p.688-697. Illus. 32 ref.

< previous | 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 ...32 | next >