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Risk evaluation - 1,588 entries found

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  • Risk evaluation

1998

CIS 99-758
Health and Safety Executive
Five steps to risk assessment
Pum cam i asesu risigau [in Welsh]
Replaces CIS 94-833. Topics: hazard evaluation; safety and health engineering; safety guides; training manuals; training material; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1998. 11p. Illus. 15 ref.

CIS 99-786 Quick T.C.
Seeking a balance between work requirements and job function
Bosca da harmonia entre a natureza do trabalho e a função da trabalhador [in Portuguese]
Topics: Brazil; frequency rates; hazard evaluation; human factors; information of personnel; occupational accidents; plant safety and health organization; safety and health training; severity rates.
Revista CIPA, June 1998, Vol.19, No.223, p.52-63. Illus.

CIS 99-965 Merrifield R., Moreton P.A.
An examination of the major-accident record for explosives manufacturing and storage in the UK
Details were found of 79 major explosives events in the manufacture and storage of explosives during the period 1950-1997. Analysis of the accident record allowed major accident rates to be derived for a number of processes undertaken in the explosives industry. It is suggested that these rates might be used in quantitative risk assessments (QRA) of explosives manufacturing and storage plants. Following the adoption of new European regulations, QRA could now play a more active role in explosives safety in the United Kingdom. Topics: accident research; analysis of accident causes; European Communities; explosives industry; frequency rates; hazard evaluation; legislation; major hazards; safe distances; storage; United Kingdom.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Dec. 1998, Vol.63, No.2-3, p.107-118. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 99-889 Bonvicini S., Leonelli P., Spadoni G.
Risk analysis of hazardous materials transportation: Evaluating uncertainty by means of fuzzy logic
A new methodology for evaluating uncertainty in risk assessment is presented based on fuzzy logic. The technique is applied to risk estimation for the transport of hazardous materials by road and pipeline. The fundamentals of the mathematical procedures which perform the risk calculations are described, some basic concepts about fuzzy logic and fuzzy arithmetic are introduced and an explanation of how the uncertain input data can be represented by fuzzy numbers is made. Finally, test results of combined uncertainty and sensitivity analysis in the risk evaluation of a toxic gas release are presented and discussed. Topics: computer analysis; dangerous substances; graphic determination; hazard evaluation; mathematical models; road transport; transport by pipeline.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Sep. 1998, Vol.62, No.1, p.59-74. Illus. 13 ref.

CIS 99-888 Cassini P.
Road transportation of dangerous goods: Quantitative risk assessment and route comparison
A quantitative risk assessment approach is described for dealing with accident scenarios likely to occur during the transportation of dangerous goods by road. Techniques are described for determining the probabilities and consequences of an accident, minimizing the risk between alternative routes and judging the acceptability of risk on a route. Topics: computer analysis; computerized data bases; dangerous substances; hazard evaluation; mathematical models; probability analysis; road transport.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Aug. 1998, Vol.61, No.1-3, p.133-138. Illus.

CIS 99-781 Fedra K.
Integrated risk assessment and management: Overview and state of the art
The integrated use of geographic information systems (GIS) and simulation models in risk assessment and management is described. Based on a dedicated GIS as the central tool and user interface, databases of hazardous installations and hazardous chemicals are linked in a hypertext structure. They include tools for spatial risk assessment based on externally generated risk contours, and links to models describing accidental and continuous atmospheric releases, spills into surface water systems and transportation risk analysis. Model results take the form of interactive graphics and animated topical maps for an intuitive understanding and a more efficient interactive analysis. Topics: chemical hazards; computer analysis; computer simulation; computer-assisted plotting; computerized data bases; dangerous substances; environmental pollution; geographical variables; hazard evaluation; hazardous locations; mathematical models; spills.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Aug. 1998, Vol.61, No.1-3, p.5-22. Illus. 40 ref.

CIS 99-620 Gledhill J., Lines I.
Health and Safety Executive
Development of methods to assess the significance of domino effects from major hazard sites
Topics: choice of location; emergency exposure limits; explosion hazards; fire hazards; flame spread; flying particles; hazard criteria; hazard evaluation; literature survey; major hazards; neighbourhood protection; overpressure; radiant heat; report; results of explosions; safety by design; toxic substances; United Kingdom; vapour clouds.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. vii, 104p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 32.50.

CIS 99-409 Automobile repair shops
Taller de reparación de vehículos [in Spanish]
Topics: check lists; hazard evaluation; legislation; motor vehicle industry; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material; vehicle repair and servicing.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, C/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 37p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_005.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 99-417 Electricians
Instaladores eléctricos [in Spanish]
Topics: check lists; electrical safety; hazard evaluation; legislation; risk factors; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material; work on electrical equipment.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, C/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 41p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_002.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 99-411 Bakery
Panadería [in Spanish]
Topics: bakery products industry; check lists; hazard evaluation; legislation; risk factors; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, C/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 29p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_004.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 99-412 Woodworking shop
Taller de carpintería [in Spanish]
Topics: carpentry; check lists; hazard evaluation; legislation; risk factors; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material; woodworking industry.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, C/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 41p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_003.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 99-404 Office cleaning
Limpieza de oficinas [in Spanish]
Topics: check lists; cleaning of workplaces; hazard evaluation; legislation; offices; risk factors; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, C/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 25p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_001.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 99-468 Adellac A., Carretero R.M.
Practical methodology applicable to problems related to the sick-building syndrome
Metodología práctica a aplicar a los problemas planteados por el síndrome del edificio enfermo [in Spanish]
Topics: air conditioning; biological hazards; chemical hazards; comment on standard; hazard evaluation; physical hazards; risk factors; sick building syndrome; symptoms; ventilation.
Prevención, Apr.-June 1998, No.144, p.9-23. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 99-153 Cesana G., Arduca A., Latocca R., Sirtori G.
Risk evaluation and health surveillance in health care workers: Critical review and contributions from the experience of the San Gerardo dei Tintori Hospital in Monza
Valutazione del rischio e sorveglianza sanitaria nella realtà ospedaliera: revisione critica e contributi dall'esperienza condotta presso l'Ospedale "S. Gerardo dei Tintori" a Monza [in Italian]
Topics: antineoplastic drugs; antiviral agents; biological hazards; conditions of work; drugs; harmful substances; hazard evaluation; health care personnel; hospitals; infectious diseases; ionizing radiation; job-exposure relation; manual lifting; medical supervision; neuropsychic stress; non-ionizing radiation; occupational health survey; work organization.
Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1998, Vol.89, No.1, p.23-46. 41 ref.

CIS 99-229 Maidment S.C.
Occupational hygiene considerations in the development of a structured approach to select chemical control strategies
Topics: exposure evaluation; harmful substances; hazard evaluation; implementation of control measures; limitation of exposure; prediction; risk factors; small enterprises; threshold limit values; toxicity evaluation; United Kingdom.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Aug. 1998, Vol.42, No.6, p.391-400. Illus. 15 ref.

CIS 99-227 Russell R.M., Maidment S.C., Brooke I., Topping M.D.
An introduction to a UK scheme to help small firms control health risks from chemicals
Topics: check lists; comment on law; exposure evaluation; harmful substances; hazard evaluation; implementation of control measures; limitation of exposure; small enterprises; supply of information; United Kingdom.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Aug. 1998, Vol.42, No.6, p.367-376. Illus. 16 ref.

CIS 99-129 Sorahan T., Hamilton L., Gompertz D., Levy L.S., Harrington J.M.
Quantitative risk assessments derived from occupational cancer epidemiology: A worked example
Topics: chromium and compounds; epidemiologic study; epidemiology; exposure evaluation; hazard evaluation; long-term exposure; lung cancer; prediction; risk factors; threshold limit values.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, July 1998, Vol.42, No.5, p.347-352. 27 ref.

CIS 98-1600 Ruser J.W.
Denominator choice in the calculation of workplace fatality rates
Calculation of workplace fatality rates based on employment and on hours worked. Topics: age-linked differences; dangerous work; fatalities; frequency rates; hazard evaluation; hours of work; list of occupations; older workers; sex-linked differences; statistical evaluation; USA; young persons.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 1998, Vol.33, No.2, p.151-156. 6 ref.

CIS 98-1291
Health and Safety Executive
Assessment principles for offshore safety cases
Topics: assembly and disassembly; check lists; emergency organization; escape organization; hazard evaluation; implementation of control measures; legislation; major hazards; offshore oil extraction; plant safety organization; rescue organization; responsibilities of employers; role of management; safety by design; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, July 1998. v, 42p. 21 ref. Price: GBP 9.95.

CIS 98-1528 Ziebarth B., Noble R.
Lumbar motion monitor: A tool for the assessment of occupational low back disorder
Topics: back disorders; backache; ergonomic evaluation; evaluation of technique; field tests; hazard evaluation; lumbar column; manual handling.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Apr. 1998, Vol.14, No.2, p.179-186. Illus. 49 ref.

CIS 98-875 Lines I.G.
Health and Safety Executive
The implications of major hazard sites in close proximity to major transport routes
Topics: air transport; chemical hazards; choice of location; explosion hazards; fire hazards; hazard criteria; hazard evaluation; major hazards; neighbourhood protection; rail transport; report; road transport; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. vi, 97p. Illus. 57 ref. Price: GBP 32.50.

CIS 98-510 Taylor G., Easter K.M., Hegney R.P.
Australian Centre for Work Safety
Enhancing safety: Australian national curriculum - Risk management workbook
Topics: Australia; hazard evaluation; occupational safety and health; training course; training material.
Training Publications of Western Australia, Prospect Place, West Perth, WA 6005, Australia, 1998. iii, 16p. 5 ref.

1997

CIS 01-1227 Speck J.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Earth-moving machinery - Hazard analysis, prospects for improved safety designs
Erdbaumaschinen - Analyse der Gefährdungen, Perspektiven für die sicherheitstechnische Gestaltung [in German]
Topics: analysis of accident causes; design of equipment; dragline scrapers and excavators; earthmoving equipment; excavators; Germany; graders; hazard evaluation; loaders; safety by design.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH, Bürgermeister-Smidt-Str. 74-46, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1997. vi, 142p. Illus. 30 ref.

CIS 00-974 Malchaire J., Indesteege B.
Musculoskeletal diseases - Risk analysis
Troubles musculosquelettiques - Analyse du risque [in French]
Spier-pees-bot-aandoeningen - Risicoanalyse voor RSI [in Dutch]
Topics: Belgium; body mechanics; check lists; elbow; force; hazard evaluation; literature survey; manuals; musculoskeletal diseases; neck disorders; repetitive strain injury; risk factors; safety and health documentation; shoulder; tendinitis; training manuals; upper extremity disorders; work posture; wrist.
Institut national de recherche sur les conditions de travail, rue de la Concorde 60, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1997. 126p. (Dutch) 122p. (French) Illus. 101 ref. + folder (5 sheets) + diskette.

CIS 00-1025 Gout D.
From gold fever to good industrial practice
De la fièvre de l'or à l'industrie [in French]
Topics: mercury; clay; earthmoving; French Guiana; gold mining; hazard evaluation; landslides; manual handling; small enterprises.
Travail et sécurité, July-Aug. 1997, No.562-563, p.2-7. Illus.

CIS 99-1454 Hay D.
Office health and safety audit
Topics: check lists; emergency organization; evaluation of control measures; evaluation of equipment; hazard evaluation; legislation; New Zealand; notification of occupational accidents; plant safety and health organization; responsibilities; safety analysis; subcontractors; training manuals; training material; vocational training; work organization; workers participation; workmen's compensation.
CCH New Zealand Limited, 24 The Warehouse Way, Northcote, P.O. Box 2378, Aukland 1, New Zealand, 1997. approx. 148p. (10 modules).

CIS 99-1688 Loewenson R.
Organisation of African Trade Union Unity Health Safety and Environment Programme
Company level interventions on HIV/AIDS - 2: Assessing the impact of AIDS
For parts 1: What can companies do?, 3: Health promotion strategies, and 4: Human resource interventions, see CIS 99-1687, CIS 99-1689 and CIS 99-1690, respectively. Topics: Africa; cost of diseases; developing countries; hazard evaluation; immunodeficiency syndrome; infection control; sickness absenteeism.
OATUU Health Safety and Environment Programme, Box EH148, Emerald Hill, Harare, Zimbabwe, Nov. 1997. 19p. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 99-1322 Need for a European approach to the effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on cancer
European studies on the effects of environmental exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields are reviewed. While there is no known mechanism by which electric or magnetic fields of this frequency could play a role in the development of cancer or other adverse health effects, results so far provide some support for the hypothesis that they are associated with the incidence of childhood leukaemia. It is concluded that the best use of available data will be made through a pooled re-analysis of data, particularly those on childhood tumours. A European collaborative approach will lead to greater statistical power and will assess the exposure-effect association under differing exposure patterns and distributions of potential confounding factors. Topics: brain cancer; breast cancer; cancer; carcinogenic effects; children; electromagnetic fields; epidemiologic study; Europe; exposure evaluation; hazard evaluation; leukaemia; leukaemogenic effects; literature survey; melanoma; neighbourhood populations.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Feb. 1997, Vol.23, No.1, p.5-14. 21 ref.

CIS 99-855 Machado da Rosa N.
Aspects of occupational health in a cohort of school employees
Aspectos de saúde ocupacional de uma população de trabalhadores de colégios [in Portuguese]
Topics: amblyopia; circulatory disorders; dysphonia; educational institutions; hazard evaluation; health hazards; hearing disorders; joint diseases; mental stress; neuropsychic stress; questionnaire survey; repetitive strain injury; sex-linked differences.
Revista CIPA, June 1997, Vol.18, No.211, p.106-113. Illus.

CIS 99-626 Guidelines for conducting risk analyses on dangerous industrial installations
Metodičeskie ukazanie po provedeniju analiza riska opasnyh promyšlennyh ob"ektov [in Russian]
This guidance document for the Petroleum and Gas Industry Inspection Administration of the Russian Mine and Industrial Inspectorate (Gosgortehnadzor) sets forth procedures for risk analyses mandated by the Ordinance of 1 July 1995 on the declaration of safety of an industrial installation (CIS 96-1940). Topics: directive; hazard evaluation; major hazards; petroleum and natural gas industry; Russian Federation.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, 1997, No.2, p.46-56.

CIS 99-684 Assessment and prevention of hazards from using equipment with visual display units
Evaluación y prevención de los riesgos relativos a la utilización de equipos con pantallas de visualización [in Spanish]
Topics: check lists; comment on law; computer terminals; CRT display terminals; hazard evaluation; legislation; offices; Spain; workplace design.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, C/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 54p. Illus. 22 ref.

CIS 98-1697 Rangel Gamboa F.A.
Technological hazards: Prevention and control
Riesgo tecnológico: prevención y control [in Spanish]
Topics: hazard evaluation; major hazards; new technologies; plant safety organization; safety analysis; total loss control.
Protección y seguridad, Jan.-Feb. 1997, No.251, p.30-36. Illus. 7 ref.

CIS 98-1173 Regulation of safety and health services [Spain]
Reglamento de los servicios de prevención [in Spanish]
Provides guidance on the Decree of 1997 approving the regulation on safety and health services (see CIS 97-353). Topics: check lists; comment on law; hazard evaluation; legislation; occupational safety and health; plant safety and health organization; plant safety and health supervision; risk factors; role of workers organizations; safety planning; Spain; training manuals; training material.
Confederación Sindical de Comisiones Obreras, Secretaría Confederal de Medio Ambiente y Salud Laboral, CC.OO., Madrid, Spain, Feb. 1997. 53p.

CIS 98-586 Quintana R., Nair A.
Continuous safety sampling methodology
Topics: hazard evaluation; job study; occupational safety; prediction; repetitive strain injury; repetitive work; risk factors; safety analysis; theoretical analysis.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 1997, Vol.3, No.1-2, p.3-14. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 98-874 The 3rd International Workshop on Chemical Accident Prevention
Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Chemical Accident Prevention (Seoul, Republic of Korea, 20-22 Oct. 1997). Topics: chemical industry; chemical plant; conference; cost of accidents; cost of safety; economic aspects; hazard evaluation; ILO; international agreements; Korea Rep. of; legislation; major hazards; piping; plant safety organization; safety engineering; Taiwan (China); total loss control.
Center for Chemical Plants Safety, Korea Industrial Safety Corporation, 34-6 Kusan-Dong, Bupyung-Gu, Inchon 403-120, Korea, 1997. 5 vols. 91p.+122p.+109p.+128p.+14p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 98-599
European Commission
Directives relating to the evaluation of workplace risk
Directrices para la evaluación de riesgos en el lugar de trabajo [in Spanish]
Topics: check lists; comment on directive; European Communities; hazard evaluation; hazard identification; implementation of control measures; legislation; small enterprises.
Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2985 Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, 1997. 62p. Price: ECU 15.00.

CIS 98-187 Bamidele B.
Health and Safety Executive
Review of the hazards and management control issues in abandonment safety cases
Topics: assembly and disassembly; disposal of harmful waste; hazard evaluation; international agreements; legislation; offshore oil extraction; report; safety engineering; shutdown procedure; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. 46p. 5 ref.

CIS 98-174 Task risk assessment
Task risk assessment in the petroleum industry. Topics: check lists; hazard evaluation; petroleum and natural gas industry; report; role of management.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, June 1997. iii, 43p. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 98-242
Health and Safety Executive
The implications of dispersion in low wind speed conditions for quantified risk assessment
Dispersion of hazardous substances in low wind speed conditions and implications for quantified risk assessment (United Kingdom), 1997. Topics: atmospheric pollution; dangerous substances; harmful substances; hazard evaluation; literature survey; mathematical models; neighbourhood protection; report; United Kingdom; wind.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. v, 174p. Illus. 115 ref. Price: GBP 49.50.

CIS 98-180
Health and Safety Commission, Agriculture Industry Advisory Committee
Health and safety policies and risk assessment in agriculture
Leaflet on health and safety policies and risk assessment in agriculture (United Kingdom), 1997. Topics: agriculture; hazard evaluation; plant safety and health organization; role of management; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, July 1997. 9p. 1 ref.

CIS 98-105 Jarrard M.R., Goldman R.H., Loomis S.C., Atkins E.H.
Methods of prioritizing and measuring occupational health risks utilizing hospital back injury data
Topics: back disorders; backache; classification; cost of accidents; frequency rates; hazard evaluation; health services; hospitals; statistical aspects.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1997, Vol.39, No.9, p.882-888. 17 ref.

CIS 97-1893 Medical monitoring of workers exposed to asbestos - Special session of the French Society of Occupational Medicine on 26 October 1996
Surveillance médicale des salariés exposés à l'amiante - Séance spéciale de la Société française de médecine du travail du 26 octobre 1996 [in French]
Proceedings of the special session of the French Society of Occupational Medicine on medical monitoring of workers exposed to asbestos (26 October 1996). Contents: asbestos and occupational health; health hazards of the main types of exposure to asbestos; risk assessment methodology in occupational medicine; chest X-ray surveillance; physiological findings in asbestos diseases; the contribution of inorganic analysis of biological samples; strategy of medical control screening for bronchial cancer.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Nov. 1997, Vol.58, No.7, p.567-594. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1860 24th National Congress of Occupational Medicine in the Construction Industry - Theme II: Evolution of hazards
XXIVèmes Journées nationales de Médecine du Travail du Bâtiment et des Travaux Publics - Thème II: Evolution des risques [in French]
Proceedings of the 24th National Congress of Occupational Medicine in the Construction Industry (Paris, France, 12-13 June 1997) dealing with the evolution of hazards (theme II). Contents: sample hazard data sheet on aromatic amines; dust level measurements in woodworking establishments; exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during road surfacing; assessment of historical exposure to asbestos; respiratory morbidity and evaluation of the exposure to silicon dust of chimney masons (See CIS 97-1859 for theme I: Identification of harmful exposures).
Revue de médecine du travail, July-Aug. 1997, Vol.27, No.4, p.197-224. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1916 Byrne J.P.
Health and Safety Executive
The calculation of aircraft risk in the UK
This report provides information required to assess aircraft crash risks at any site on the United Kingdom mainland. Data are presented on background crash rates, airfield related crashes, crashes below airways, aircraft impact parameters and other aspects of aircraft crash (fuel fires, debris from airborne aircraft, in-flight break-up of aircraft). Examples of crash rate calculations and effective target areas are included.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. iv, 95p. Illus. 32 ref. Price: GBP 25.00.

CIS 97-2014 Mitchell B.H.
Health and Safety Executive
Use of the FORM/SORM (most likely failure point) method for uncertainty analysis
This report describes the FORM/SORM method (the most likely failure point method) and examines its use in uncertainty analysis for a range of hazard consequence calculations: chlorine release (toxic dose); boiling liquid expanding vapour explosion (BLEVE) fireball (thermal dose); and BLEVE blast (overpressure). The method was used to calculate the probability that the estimate of hazard consequence, calculated on the basis of best-estimate data to be below an appropriate safety limit, would actually exceed that limit when data uncertainties were taken into account. Results are discussed and future applications are outlined.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. vi, 106p. Illus. 20 ref. Price: GBP 32.50.

CIS 97-1557
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
SCUBA diving - A quantitative risk assessment
This report examines the principal causes of fatalities in SCUBA (Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus) diving incidents in order to quantify the risks to which divers are exposed. Accident causes include: entanglement and entrapment; rapid ascent and air embolism; loss of consciousness for unknown reasons; reckless diving; solo diving; health prior to diving. The majority of fatalities result from two or more sequential events or contributory causes (a procedural error or equipment failure). Recommendations include adequate diver training and safe diving practices.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. ii, 63p. Illus. Price: GBP 35.00.

CIS 97-1646 Approved code of practice for the management of substances hazardous to health in the place of work
This code of practice provides guidance on compliance with relevant sections of the Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992 and Regulations 1995, in order to minimize the risk of occupational illness or injury resulting from exposure to hazardous substances. Contents: application of the code and definitions; responsibilities of employers (provision of information, risk assessment, prevention and control of exposure, monitoring, training and supervision); responsibilities of suppliers, employees and others.
Occupational Safety and Health Service, Department of Labour, P.O. Box 3705, Wellington, New Zealand, July 1997. 46p. 27 ref. Price: NZD 20.00.

CIS 97-1511 Occupational safety
These 13 chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine selected issues of occupational safety: development of accident perception; occupational and major accidents (accident and risk perception and measurement, accident information systems); costs of accidents; accident theories and models; feedback control of accidents; feedback control in offshore module fabrication; safety analysis; major accident hazards; implementation of the Seveso directive; fires and explosions; toxic combustion products; bodily hazards from explosions in enclosures; an approach to accident prevention.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.1, p.221-388. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1493 Falconer L., Hoel H.
Occupational safety and health: A method to test the collection of "grey data" by line managers
The trial of a safety and health audit system is described which focuses on information relating to organizational issues and potential sources of failure rather than on quantitative historical data. The system is based on the philosophy of fuzzy logic. The thinking behind fuzzy logic is discussed along with the meaning of the term "grey data" to describe the data collected by the audit. The method used to construct and test the audit in a large manufacturing company is described. Findings are discussed in terms of the audit itself and the participants' view of the process.
Occupational Medicine, Feb. 1997, Vol.47, No.2, p.81-89. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 97-1714 Zurada J., Karwowski W., Marras W.S.
A neural network-based system for classification of industrial jobs with respect to risk of low back disorders due to workplace design
The development of a neural network-based system for the classification of industrial jobs according to the potential risk for low back disorders is described. Data for the model were collected from observation of the trunk motions and quantification of workplace factors in repetitive tasks with high and low risk of low back disorders. The performance of the model was tested on a set of 87 jobs, of which 65 (74%) were correctly diagnosed as being of high or low risk. The system may be useful in hazard analysis and injury prevention associated with manual handling of loads.
Applied Ergonomics, Feb. 1997, Vol.28, No.1, p.49-58. 30 ref.

CIS 97-1640 European oil industry guideline for risk-based assessment of contaminated sites
This report describes a uniform approach to deciding on the corrective action requirements of contaminated oil industry sites in Europe. The approach uses principles of risk-based corrective action whereby the action is appropriately tailored to site-specific conditions and hazards. The three-tired approach involves an initial assessment of the site and collection of data for the Tier 1 assessment. Collected data are compared with risk based screening levels and other criteria. If these criteria are exceeded, further assessment is carried out in Tier 2 and Tier 3 studies. Corrective action techniques are outlined.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, Apr. 1997. vi, 40p.

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