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Risk evaluation - 1,588 entries found

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  • Risk evaluation

1999

CIS 00-164 Díaz González P.M.
Exposure to vanadium, hazards and evaluation
Exposición al vanadio, riesgos y valoraciones [in Spanish]
Topics: vanadium; gastrointestinal diseases; hazard evaluation; health hazards; implementation of control measures; neurotoxic effects; obstructive ventilatory impairment; silicosis; toxic substances; toxicology; uses; vanadium and compounds.
Prevención, Jan.-Mar. 1999, No.147, p.7-15. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 00-251 de la Hoz García C., Otones Pérez J.J., Paredes Palomo L.E.
Model for the evaluation of biological hazards in medical centres
Modelo de evaluación de riesgos biológicos en centros sanitarios [in Spanish]
Topics: biological hazards; hazard evaluation; health services; immunodeficiency syndrome; infectious diseases; infectious hepatitis; laboratories; legislation; risk factors.
Mapfre seguridad, 2nd Quarter 1999, Vol.19, No.74, p.3-8. Illus. 24 ref.

CIS 00-158 Carelli G., Masci O., Altieri A., Castellino N.
Occupational exposure to lead - Granulometric distribution of airborne lead in relation to risk assessment
The Permissible Exposure Limit for lead of 50µg/m3 set by the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is based on a number of assumptions, including that which predicts that the first 12.5µg/m3 are made up of fine particles of less than 1µm diameter and the remaining 12.5mgg/m3 consist of particles >1µm. Occupational exposure to airborne lead at a concentration of 50µg/m3 and a granulometric distribution as above leads to a mean blood level of 40µg/m3. The validity of OSHA's assumption was tested in a factory that manufactured crystal glassware containing 24% lead oxide. Results indicate that the assumption cannot be considered valid in the work environment investigated in this study and that lead absorption levels in exposed workers may be noticeably different from those predicted by the OSHA model. It is therefore essential to integrate total airborne lead concentration with a measurement of the granulometric distribution of the aerosol.
Industrial Health, July 1999, Vol.37, No.3, p.313-321. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 00-139 Hirschberg S., Strupczewski A.
Comparison of accident risks in different energy systems: How acceptable?
Topics: cancer; comparative analysis; cost of accidents; delayed effects; electric power generation; fatalities; hazard evaluation; hydroelectric power stations; liquefied petroleum gas; major hazards; mining industry; natural gas; nuclear power stations; risk factors; thermal power stations; transport.
IAEA Bulletin, Mar. 1999, Vol.41, No.1, p.25-30. Illus.

CIS 00-170 Brüske-Hohlfeld I., Möhner M., Ahrens W., Pohlabeln H., Heinrich J., Kreuzer M., Jöckel K.H., Wichmann H.E.
Lung cancer risk in male workers occupationally exposed to diesel motor emissions in Germany
The association between occupational exposure to diesel motor emissions (DME) and lung cancer risk was studied by comparing cases with histologically or cytologically ascertained lung cancer in Germany and corresponding controls. Information about lifelong occupational and smoking history was obtained by questionnaire. Drivers of lorries, buses, taxis, diesel locomotives and forklift trucks, bulldozers, graders, excavators, and tractors were considered as exposed to DME and their cumulative exposure was estimated. The evaluation of lung cancer risk for all jobs with DME-exposure combined showed an odds ratio (OR) of 1.43. Most pronounced was the increase in lung cancer risk in heavy equipment operators (OR = 2.31). The risk of tractor drivers increased with length of employment and reached statistical significance for exposures longer than 30 years (OR = 6.81). The group of professional drivers showed an increased risk in West Germany (OR = 1.44), but not in East Germany (OR = 0.83). DME exposure in other traffic-related jobs was associated with an odds ratio of 1.53.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 1999, Vol.36, No.4, p.405-414. Illus. 40 ref.

CIS 99-2008 Hartwig S.
Risk analysis as a tool in safety planning using heavy gases and chlorine as examples
Die Risikoanalyse als Hilfe für Sicherheitsentscheidungen gezeigt am Beispiel schwerer Gase und des Chlorstoffzyklus [in German]
A procedure is presented for determining the probability of an explosion or inadvertent release of a dangerous or harmful substance and the severity of the effects caused by the event. It takes into consideration production, processing and storage as well as road, rail, water and pipeline transport of a dangerous or harmful substance. Based on past experience, 20 heavy gases which are most widely used in industrial production in Germany were selected as examples, and the probability of them being involved in a serious accident was determined and compared. Chlorine was used in further risk analyses to identify weak spots and the most efficient preventive measures. Topics: chlorine; dangerous substances; explosion hazards; gases; harmful substances; hazard evaluation; industrial gases; major hazards; safety planning; toxic gases.
Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1999, 148p. Illus. 178 ref. Index. Price: DEM 56.00.

CIS 99-2019 Dolladille O.
Proposed method of analysing the "domino" effect to help control major technological hazards
Proposition d'une méthode d'analyse des effets "domino" afin de prévenir les risques technologiques majeurs [in French]
Topics: computer simulation; description of technique; evaluation of technique; fail safety; hazard evaluation; major hazards; mathematical models; neighbourhood protection; safety analysis.
Préventique-Sécurité, Mar.-Apr. 1999, No.44, p.62-70. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 99-1828 Allard-Lormier C., Chaudron B., Denamur-Gardair C.
Guide to the inspection of garages: Automobile repair workshops
Guide de visite d'un garage: atelier de mécanique automobile [in French]
Topics: asbestos; check lists; chemical hazards; cleaning agents; degreasing agents; electricity; exhaust gases; explosion hazards; falls of persons; fire hazards; fuels; garages; hazard evaluation; housekeeping; industrial physicians; legal aspects; lifting equipment; lighting; limitation of exposure; manual handling; mechanical hazards; metal fumes; noise; occupational diseases; physical hazards; respirable dust; sanitary facilities; small enterprises; thermal environment; used oils; vehicle repair and servicing; work posture.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1999, Vol.39, No.2, p.157-173. 18 ref.

CIS 99-1827 Mansdorf Z.
Hazard assessments
Topics: hazard evaluation; job study; personal protective equipment; probability analysis; safety analysis.
Occupational Hazards, Sep. 1999, Vol.61, No.9, p.57-64. Illus.

CIS 99-1816 Kletz T.
HAZOP and HAZAN - Identifying and assessing process industry hazards
Replaces CIS 92-1835. Topics: accident descriptions; accident investigation; analysis of accident causes; check lists; chemical industry; emergency organization; explosion hazards; fire behaviour; fire hazards; gases; hazard criteria; hazard evaluation; legislation; major hazards; manuals; mathematical models; process engineering; results of explosions; safety analysis; safety engineering; total loss control; toxic effects; toxic substances; training material; United Kingdom.
Institution of Chemical Engineers, Davis Building, 165-189 Railway Terrace, Rugby, Warwickshire CV21 3HQ, United Kingdom, 4th ed., 1999. xi, 232p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 99-1894 Maiti J., Bhattacherjee A.
Evaluation of risk of occupational injuries among underground coal mine workers through multinomial logit analysis
The risk of injuries to miners working in a group of underground coal mines in India was assessed, taking into account their individual and workplace characteristics. A binary logit model was used to measure the risk of injuries to the miners and a multinomial logit model was used to measure the risk of severe and reportable injuries. Results revealed that both the individual and workplace characteristics of the miners had significant effect on the risk of occurrence of injuries. While the age and experience of the miners did not have any significant effect on the risk of occurrence of injuries, the occupation categories showed that the face workers were more at risk for injury. Among the workplace variables, the workplace location categories showed that the outby-face location is more conducive to accidents. Topics: coal mining; hazard evaluation; India; individual variables; risk factors; severity rates; statistical evaluation; underground work.
Journal of Safety Research, Summer 1999, Vol.30, No.2, p.93-101. 37 ref.

CIS 99-1525 Margonari M., Nava C., Basilico S., Petri A.
Management of the risks associated with manual handling of patients in a hospital risk management programme
La gestione del rischio da movimentazione manuale dei pazienti in un programma di gestione dei rischi ospedalieri [in Italian]
The risks associated with manual handling of patients in a major Italian hospital were assessed over three years. The results of the assessment of 58 wards showed that about 60% had a medium-high exposure level; 24% had negligible exposure levels; and 13.8% had zero exposure due to the absence of disabled patients. On the basis of the initial data obtained from health surveillance programmes on a group of 431 exposed subjects, about 10% were judged fit with limitations due to spinal disorders. Problems that emerged (management, organization, training, transfer of workers with limited job qualification, accreditation) are discussed. The method proposed is considered suitable for other risk factors within the framework of a more far-reaching programme on the application of the Italian Law 626/94, as a means of permanent management of risk in a particularly complex working environment such as that of a hospital. Topics: exposure evaluation; hazard evaluation; health programmes; hospitals; legal aspects; manual handling; manual lifting; nursing personnel; safety and health training.
Medicina del lavoro, Mar.-Apr. 1999, Vol.90, No.2, p.351-361. 7 ref.

CIS 99-1667 Barlier-Salsi A., Salsi S., Klinger A.
Development of a computer-based interactive catalogue for evaluating risks associated with optical radiating sources
Réalisation d'un catalogue informatisé interactif pour l'évaluation des risques relatifs aux sources de rayonnement optique [in French]
Topics: artificial light; computer programme; computerized data bases; electric lighting equipment; exposure evaluation; eye injuries; hazard evaluation; industrial furnaces; infrared radiation; manual arc welding; microcomputer applications; ultraviolet radiation; visible radiation.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Feb. 1999. 74p. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 99-1495 Cuny X., Lejeune M.
Occupational risks and the value and modelling of a measurement of severity
A statistical method for integrating several constituent elements of severity is proposed for measuring the severity of the consequences of potentially dangerous events. Principal component analysis is used to calculate a resultant severity, as in some physical measurements. The statistical modelling of severity is also investigated, with the aim of contributing to the quantitative assessment of occupational risks. The choice of parametric models is detailed and illustrated by the search for a suitable model for workplace accidents in an organizational setting. The practical value of modelling severity is discussed. Topics: dangerous occurrences; hazard evaluation; mathematical models; severity rates; statistical evaluation.
Safety Science, Apr. 1999, Vol.31, No.3, p.213-229. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 99-1708 Jäger M., Luttmann A.
Critical survey on the biomechanical criterion in the NIOSH method for the design and evaluation of manual lifting tasks
In the 1991 version of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) lifting equation, a limit of 3.4kN for lumbosacral disc compression was introduced. Regarding this biomechanical criterion, several inconsistencies and discrepancies are revealed when comparing the NIOSH substantiation approaches and the respective data of literature sources. It is concluded that the 3.4kN criterion is substantiated neither epidemiologically nor biomechanically by the provided sources. More comprehensive data compilations, available in the meantime, may be regarded as a better background for the derivation of lumbar load limits in order to diminish the individual overexertion risk during manual materials handling. Topics: backache; body mechanics; comment on directive; epidemiological aspects; hazard evaluation; lifting of loads; lifting strength; literature survey; lumbar column; manual lifting; maximum acceptable weight of lift; measurement of physical workload; work design.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Mar. 1999, Vol.23, No.4, p.331-337. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 99-1707 Seth V., Weston R.L., Freivalds A.
Development of a cumulative trauma disorder risk assessment model for the upper extremities
A cumulative trauma disorder (CTD) risk assessment model was developed for predicting injury incidence rates. The model is unique in that it uses quantitative data such as hand motion frequencies and forces together to obtain a frequency factor score that is reflective of the strain imposed on the muscles and tendons of the wrist. Gross upper extremity postures are included in a posture factor score and various minor job stressors are included as a miscellaneous factor score. Individual frequency, posture and miscellaneous scores were regressed against CTD incidence rates for 24 jobs in a garment sewing and a printing company to yield weights for a predicted incidence rate or risk index. The miscellaneous score was not a significant predictor in determining incidence rates and thus was dropped from the model. The results showed that the model was best suited for job tasks with cycle times greater than 4s. The final best fit model explained 52.3% of the variance in predicted incidence rates and may be a useful tool in identifying jobs at risk for CTDs. Topics: body mechanics; frequency rates; grip strength; hand injuries; hazard evaluation; mathematical models; printing industry; repetitive strain injury; repetitive work; risk factors; tendon diseases; textile, garment and related trades; upper extremity disorders; work posture; wrist.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Mar. 1999, Vol.23, No.4, p.281-291. Illus. 21 ref.

CIS 99-1189 Langholz B., Thomas D., Xiang A., Stram D.
Latency analysis in epidemiologic studies of occupational exposures: Application to the Colorado Plateau uranium miners cohort
A general statistical framework for modelling latency effects is described. Bilinear and exponential decay latency models are proposed and methods are described for fitting these models to cohort or case-control data. A latency analysis of radon exposure and lung cancer in the Colorado Plateau uranium miners cohort was performed. Analysis of the entire cohort showed that the relative risk associated with exposure increased for about 8.5 years and thereafter decreased until it reached background levels after about 34 years. The hypothesis that the relative risk remains at its peak level is strongly rejected. The variation in the latency effects over subsets of the cohort based on attained age, level and rate of exposure, and smoking was investigated. Age was the only factor for which effect modification was demonstrated. The decline in effect was much steeper at older ages than younger ages. The proposed methods can provide much more information about the exposure-disease latency effects than those generally used. Topics: age-linked differences; radon; case-control study; cohort study; epidemiology; hazard evaluation; latency; long-term exposure; lung cancer; mathematical models; uranium mining.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 1999, Vol.35, No.3, p.246-256. Illus. 28 ref.

1998

CIS 04-138 Goździewicz D., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Gierasimiuk J., Konarska M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in meat processing plants - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych zakładach przetwórstwa mięsnego - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in meat processing plants is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 1998. 27+36p. 57 ref.

CIS 04-137 Goździewicz D., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Gierasimiuk J., Konarska M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in the fruit and vegetable processing industries - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych zakładach przetwórstwa owocowo-warzywnego - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in the fruit and vegetable processing industries is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 1998. 25+35p. 57 ref.

CIS 04-133 Serwałski Z., Wieczorek Z., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Gierasimiuk J., Konarska M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in the transport industry - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w przedsiębiorstwach transportowych - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in the transport industry is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 1998. 32+45p. 62 ref.

CIS 04-141 Wojucki J., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Gierasimiuk J., Konarska M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in laundries - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w pralniach - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in laundries is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 1998. 17+32p. 40+3 ref.

CIS 04-140 Serwałski Z., Wieczorek Z., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Gierasimiuk J., Konarska M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in restaurants - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w restauracjach - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in restaurants is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 1998. 26+35p. 61 ref.

CIS 04-135 Świderski J., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Gierasimiuk J., Konarska M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in garment manufacturing workshops - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w zakładach produkcji odzieży - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in garment manufacturing workshops is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 1998. 22+33p. 54+55 ref.

CIS 02-143 Workplace hazard evaluation round the country - Case studies from 26 workplaces in Denmark
Arbejdspladsvurdering landet rundt - Berteninger fra 26 arbejdspladser in Danmark [in Danish]
Case studies of workplace hazard evaluation in 26 workplaces in various economic sectors in Denmark.
Arbejdstilsynet, Landskronagade 33, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1998. 36p. Illus.

CIS 01-1516
International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA)
Protection of workers from power frequency electric and magnetic fields - A practical guide
Arabic translation of the ILO publication analysed under CIS 94-704. It comprises a review of data on the effects of extremely low frequency (ELF) electric and magnetic fields on biological systems pertinent to the evaluation of health risks for workers. It provides information on the possible effects of exposure to 50/60Hz electric and magnetic fields on human health and gives guidance on the assessment of risks from occupational exposure. Areas in which uncertainties exist and further research is needed are also indicated. Biological effects of ELF electric and magnetic fields and national exposure standards are presented in appendices.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1998. 189p. Illus. 112 ref.

CIS 01-1155 Miller B.G., Hagen S., Love R.G., Soutar C.A., Cowie H.A., Kidd M.W., Robertson A.
Risk of silicosis in coalworkers exposed to unusual concentrations of respirable quartz
Chest radiographs were taken from 547 men who had worked at a colliery during the 1970s. Classifications of these films under the International Labour Organisation (ILO) 1980 scheme were related to existing data on individual men's exposures to respirable dust and quartz. 203 men (38%) showed progression of at least one profusion category on the 12-point scale, from the various 1970s surveys to the follow up in 1990-1. 158 men (29%) had a profusion of at least 1/0, and 47 (8.6%) of at least 2/1 at the follow up survey. Large opacities were recorded by at least two readers for 14 (2.6%) of the men. Profusion of small opacities was strongly related to exposures experienced in the 1970s, and more strongly for quartz than for the non-quartz fraction of the dust. Estimates of risk are presented over the range of quartz exposures experienced. The quartz exposures experienced by some men at this colliery have caused considerable progression of radiographic abnormalities since exposure ended.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 1998, Vol.55, No.1, p.52-58. Illus. 22 ref.

CIS 01-1074 Kogevinas M., Sala M., Boffetta P., Kazerouni N., Kromhout H., Hoar-Zahm S.
Cancer risk in the rubber industry: A review of the recent epidemiological evidence
To examine epidemiological evidence of cancer risk among workers in the rubber industry, relevant epidemiological studies published after the last detailed review by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 1982 were reviewed. Excess risks of bladder cancer, lung cancer and leukaemia were found in most studies, with risk ratios above 1.5 in about half of the studies. A moderate excess risk for laryngeal cancer was consistent across studies. Excess risks were found in a few studies for cancers of the oesophagus, stomach, colon, liver, pancreas, skin, prostate, kidney, brain, and thyroid, and for malignant lymphoma and multiple myeloma, but overall results were not consistent for these neoplasms. Magnitude of the observed risks varied considerably between studies, but overall the findings indicate the presence of a widespread moderate to increased cancer risk among rubber workers.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 1998, Vol.55, No.1, p.1-12. Illus. 119 ref.

CIS 01-773
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Software user manual. Guide to the definition of risk-related industrial safety measures in the enterprise
Benutzerhandbuch zur Software. Ratgeber zur Ermittlung gefährdungsbezogener Arbeitsschutzmassnahmen im Betrieb [in German]
This CD-ROM is a software tool developed by the German Federal Institute for Industrial Hygiene and Medical Prevention (BauA) to help industrial hygiene specialists in all sectors of the economy evaluate workplace risks. A user's manual is included. The CD-ROM enables an interactive search of 14 risk factors and current regulations, and the use of included or custom-tailored check-lists.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1998. 46p. + CD-ROM.

CIS 01-129 Boon C., Van der Steen M.
Y2K - The millennium problem and welfare at the workplace
Y2K - Le problème du millénaire et le bien-être au travail [in French]
Y2K - Het millenniumprobleem en welzijn op het werk [in Dutch]
Topics: automatic alarms; automatic control; automation; Belgium; check lists; computers; control panels and desks; data processing; data sheet; electronic equipment; emergency exits; fail safety; goods lifts; hazard evaluation; passenger lifts; robots.
PREVENT, Institut pour la prévention, la protection et le bien-être au travail, 88 rue Gachard, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1998. 24p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 00-1493 Hurst N.W.
Risk assessment - The human dimension
The interactions between systems and cultures, individual human behaviour and industrial equipment, and their implications for risk assessment are discussed. The complexity of risk as a concept in decision-making is emphasized. Conclusions are discussed in terms of the subjective-objective debate in risk assessment. Finally, important issues for further study in risk assessment are proposed.
The Royal Society of Chemistry, Thomas Graham House, Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 4WF, United Kingdom, 1998. xxi, 101p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 00-1433 Blüthner R.
Effects of vibration on the musculoskeletal system
Skelettbelastung durch Schwingungseinwirkung [in German]
Topics: applied research; electromyography; hazard evaluation; muscular strength; spinal column; spinal diseases; vibration damage risk criteria; vibration disease; whole-body vibration.
Sicher ist Sicher, May 1998, Vol.49, No.5, p.223-228. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 00-1323 4th Workshop of the Inter-University Institute of Occupational Medicine of Paris Ile-de-France (1997) - Present knowledge on some carcinogenic agents and processes
IVe Journée de recherche de l'Institut interuniversitaire de médecine du travail de Paris Ile-de France (1997) - Actualités sur certains agents ou procédés cancérogènes [in French]
Topics: aromatic amines; cancer; carcinogenic effects; carcinogens; asbestos; benzene; beryllium; silica; conference; diesel oil; exposure evaluation; France; hazard evaluation; information of personnel; ionizing radiation; legal aspects; medical supervision; mineral oils; supply of information; wood dust.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, May 1998, Vol.59, No.3, p.157-189. Illus. 15 ref.

CIS 00-1091 Becher H., Flesch-Janys D., Gurn P., Steindorf K.
Assessment of the cancer risk from exposure to dioxins
Krebsrisikoabschätzung für Dioxine [in German]
The cancer risk of the general population in Germany due to a lifetime exposure to polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDF) in concentrations found in the environment today was assessed. The data of a case control study of the cancer mortality among workers in a chemical plant in Hamburg, Germany, with high exposure to PCDD/PCDF were used as a base. The case-control study yielded a nearly linear dose-response relationship between 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) or the toxicity equivalent TEQ in pg/kg blood fat and cancer. In the study the cancer mortality among 1,189 chemical workers and the involved exposure doses were determined and compared with a control group of 2,518 workers in a gas company. For ambient concentrations of TCDD of 8.7fg/m3 in metropolitan areas and 1.3fg/m3 in rural areas an average cancer risk for the population in Germany of 1.7 cases per million was derived.
Umweltbundesamt, Postfach 33 00 22, 14191 Berlin, Germany, 1998. 261p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 00-1107 Spencer H., Daycock J.H., Rew P.J.
Health and Safety Executive
A model for the ignition probability of flammable gases - Phase 2
The first phase of this study was abstracted as CIS 97-2013. Topics: explosion hazards; fire hazards; flammability; flammable gases; hazard evaluation; mathematical models; probability analysis; report; sources of ignition; statistical evaluation; United Kingdom; vapour clouds.
Copyright Unit, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, St Clements House, 2-16 Collegate, Norwich NR3 1BQ, United Kingdom, 1998. iv, 121p. Illus. 24 ref. Price: GBP 37.50.

CIS 00-786 Morales Suárez-Varela M., Andreu Moliner E., Pérez Hernández F., Llopis González A., Sáez Arnall M.J.
Assessment of poisoning risk in workers exposed to organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides
Evaluación del riesgo de intoxicación en personas expuestas a plaguicidas: organofosforados y carbamatos [in Spanish]
The objective of this study was to understand the characteristics of workers who suffer poisoning from organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides, and to provide guidance for preventive measures. 662 workers were included in the study. Levels of erythrocyte cholinesterase in blood were taken as indicators of exposure level. The profile of the workers identified to be at risk was: women, workers less than 30 years old, few years in the job, with alcoholic and/or tobacco habit. Preventive measures proposed are: promotion of information campaigns on the toxic effects of these products; establishment of an educational programme on relevant protection measures; generating awareness of the importance of periodic medical supervision in the detection of an increased risk of pesticide poisoning.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1998, Vol.XLV, No.178, p.61-73. 20 ref.

CIS 00-734 Algarín Fiestas M.I., Gómez Beltrán J., López Maside A., Fombuena Filpo J., Carrasco Gallego M.J., de la Iglesia Huerta A.
Atherogenic hazard and degree of physical workload in the working conditions of the metalworking industry
Riesgo aterogénico y grado de trabajo físico en las condiciones de trabajo de la industria metalúrgica [in Spanish]
Topics: alcoholism; atherosclerosis; cholesterol; cross-sectional study; determination in blood; energy expenditure; hazard evaluation; lipid metabolism; metalworking industry; physical workload; smoking.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1998, Vol.XLV, No.178, p.49-59. Illus. 25 ref.

CIS 00-698
Health and Safety Executive
Risk assessment and risk management - Improving policy and practice within government departments
Topics: government services; hazard evaluation; information dissemination; international agreements; plant safety and health organization; research; role of government; standard; supply of information; toxicology; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Dec. 1998. x, 37p.

CIS 99-1823 Technical guide to the evaluation and prevention of risks associated with manual handling of loads
Guía técnica para la evaluación y prevención de los riesgos relativos a la manipulación manual de cargas [in Spanish]
Topics: check lists; comment on law; hazard evaluation; legislation; load carriage; manual handling; manual lifting; risk factors; safety guides; Spain; training material.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 61p. Illus. 22 ref.

CIS 99-1808 Plumbers and heating installation workers
Fontaneros y calefactores [in Spanish]
Topics: building industry; check lists; construction work; hazard evaluation; heating systems; legislation; plumbing; risk factors; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 47p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_007.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 99-1813 Hairdressers
Peluquerías [in Spanish]
Topics: check lists; hairdressing; hazard evaluation; legislation; risk factors; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 25p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_006.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 99-1807 Painters and wall paper hangers
Pintores y empapeladores [in Spanish]
Topics: building industry; check lists; construction work; hazard evaluation; legislation; painting; paper hanging; risk factors; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 33p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_008.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 99-1806 Plasterers
Escayolistas [in Spanish]
Topics: building industry; check lists; construction work; hazard evaluation; legislation; plastering; risk factors; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 33p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_009.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 99-1841 Frostberg C.
Internal control of the working environment - Developments to date
Developments in internal control of the working environment and related fields in Sweden are described. Advantages of a co-ordinated approach to the working environment are discussed and economic aspects are considered. Topics: accident absenteeism; economic aspects; hazard evaluation; implementation of control measures; internal control; labour inspection; legal aspects; plant safety and health organization; responsibilities of employers; safety and health training; sickness absenteeism; Sweden; workers participation.
Newsletter, 1998, No.3-4, p.4, 12-15. Illus.

CIS 99-1455 Hay D.
Principal and contractor health and safety audit
Topics: check lists; evaluation of control measures; hazard evaluation; legislation; New Zealand; plant safety and health organization; plant safety supervision; responsibilities; safety analysis; subcontractors; training manuals; training material; work organization.
CCH New Zealand Limited, 24 The Warehouse Way, Northcote, P.O. Box 2378, Aukland 1, New Zealand, 1998. approx. 148p. (11 modules).

CIS 99-1632
Health and Safety Executive
Consideration of the feasibility of developing a simple methodology to assess dispersion in low/zero windspeeds
Topics: air movement; atmospheric pollution; dangerous substances; flammable gases; harmful substances; hazard evaluation; mathematical models; neighbourhood protection; toxic gases; wind.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. vi, 129p. Illus. 47 ref. Price: GBP 37.50.

CIS 99-1484 Kennedy R., Kirwan B.
Development of a hazard and operability-based method for identifying safety management vulnerabilities in high risk systems
In recent years there has been widespread acknowledgement of the significance of managerial and organizational failures in the causation of accidents. The activities and processes involved in managing safety have come under increasing scrutiny via the development of approaches for safety management and safety culture assessment. It is argued, however, that current approaches do not fully or explicitly address how safety management systems will actually fail in practice. Therefore, the Safety Culture Hazard and Operability (SCHAZOP) approach is described as a means by which specific safety management vulnerabilities, and targeted resolution of such vulnerabilities, can be identified. The development of the method, examples of its application, and the way forward with this methodology are discussed. Topics: attitude towards accidents; description of technique; disasters; hazard evaluation; human behaviour; human factors; human failure; major hazards; management failure; plant safety organization; role of management; safety consciousness; safety training in industry.
Safety Science, Dec. 1998, Vol.30, No.3, p.249-274. Illus. 43 ref.

CIS 99-1381 Travis D., Heasman T.
Health and Safety Executive
DSE health problems: User-based assessments of DSE health risks
Topics: artificial lighting; backache; CRT display terminals; eye irritation; fatigue; hazard evaluation; health hazards; migraine; neck disorders; questionnaire survey; risk factors; shoulder; thermal environment; visual function disorders; workplace design.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. vi, 47p. 2 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.

CIS 99-1164
Health and Safety Executive
Five steps to risk assessment: Case studies
See also CIS 99-758. Topics: bricklaying; case study; check lists; description of technique; hazard evaluation; horticulture; offices; risk factors; small enterprises; vehicle repair and servicing; warehouses.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1998. iv, 29p. 6 ref. Price: GBP 6.75.

CIS 99-1190 Arena V.C., Sussman N.B., Redmond C.K., Costantino J.P., Trauth J.M.
Using alternative comparison populations to assess occupation-related mortality risk - Results for the high nickel alloys workers cohort
The mortality experience of approximately 31,000 high nickel alloys workers is compared with the total US population and to local populations in geographic proximity to the plants. Generally, the patterns of relative risks derived for the total cohort and various subgroups are similar across the different comparison populations. Estimated elevated risks are usually lower when cohort mortality is compared with that of local populations. An overall significant 13% risk for lung cancer is noted when compared with that of the total US population. However, no significant excess is identified when local populations are used. Subset analysis identified significant excesses of colon cancer among nonwhite males (50%-150%) and kidney cancer among white male workers employed in melting irrespective of the comparison population. Topics: cancer; nickel; cohort study; comparative analysis; epidemiology; gastrointestinal cancer; hazard evaluation; lung cancer; mortality; nickel alloys; race-linked differences; reliability; renal cancer.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 1998, Vol.40, No.10, p.907-916. 18 ref.

CIS 99-986 Miro L., De Seze R., Mansour E., Méreau P., Wehr M.O.
Occupational medicine and biomedical effects of electromagnetic fields
Effets biomédicaux des champs électromagnétiques et médecine du travail [in French]
Topics: animal experiments; conference; electromagnetic fields; hazard evaluation; in vitro experiments; limitation of exposure; measurement of physical agents; medical supervision; microwave exposure limits; occupational medicine; threshold limit values.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 1998, No.73, p.47-53.

CIS 99-758
Health and Safety Executive
Five steps to risk assessment
Pum cam i asesu risigau [in Welsh]
Replaces CIS 94-833. Topics: hazard evaluation; safety and health engineering; safety guides; training manuals; training material; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1998. 11p. Illus. 15 ref.

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