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Risk evaluation - 1,588 entries found

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  • Risk evaluation

2001

CIS 02-304 Arévalo Fernández T.
Management of environmental risks: Key factor in enterprise decision-making
Gestión de los riesgos medioambientales: factor clave en las decisiones empresariales [in Spanish]
Environmental impact is increasingly taken into consideration by enterprises. Before any major decisions, environmental criteria are analysed and evaluated. Consequently, environmental management must be recognized as being an essential element of company expansion policy. In this article, a tool for managing the risks to the environment, ranking them by importance and classifying them is presented. It assists decision-making required for avoiding or eliminating environmental hazards. The economic aspects of environmental risk management with respect to the remediation of polluted sites must also be taken into consideration.
Mapfre seguridad, 4th Quarter 2001, Vol.21, No.84, p.31-37. Illus.

CIS 02-336 Risk assessment in marine environments
This report proposes a framework for marine risk assessment. Main topics covered: distribution of chemical pollutants in marine environments; degradation; determination of exposure concentrations (PEC, PNEC); bioaccumulation; ecotoxicity; risk characterization; proposed approach to extend the EU Technical guidance document to the marine environment; research recommendations.
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, Dec. 2001. 140p. Illus. 192 ref.

CIS 02-172 Kirkey K.L., Cole Johnson C., Rybicki B.A., Peterson E.L., Kortsha G.X., Gorell J.M.
Occupational categories at risk for Parkinson's disease
The aetiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) is considered to have a strong environmental component, but relatively few studies have investigated the potential association between occupation and the disease. In a population-based case-control study, comprehensive occupational histories from all study participants, including 144 case and 464 control subjects, were collected. Statistical analysis revealed that working in an agricultural occupation increased estimated PD risk (OR = 1.74). In contrast, a history of ever working in a service occupation was negatively associated with PD risk (OR = 0.69). Adjusted odds ratios for all non-service occupational and industrial categories were similar and working in a service occupation was the only significant inverse predictor of PD risk. Future investigations focussing on lifestyle factors and environmental exposures within the agricultural and service occupational categories are warranted.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, June 2001, Vol.39, No.6, p.564-571. 21 ref.

CIS 02-498 Rick J., Briner R.B., Daniels K., Perryman S., Guppy A.
Health and Safety Executive
A critical review of psychosocial hazard measures
Occupational safety and health legislation requires that employers regularly conduct risk assessments to identify potential hazards to employees' health at the workplace. The idea of risk assessment for physical hazards is well-established. More recently, attention has focused on the assessment of risk from psychosocial hazards, and methods have been developed from research to assess the prevalence of workplace stressors. Although much research has been done on stress, there existed no systematic overview of the different types of stressor measures currently available, nor was there any consistently-recorded information about their relative merits. This report consists of a critical review of published literature, identifying a wide range of commonly used methods, assessing the research evidence available and providing an overview of their relative strengths. Conclusions are drawn about the state of knowledge in this area and issues for practice and research.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, July 2001. viii, 137p. Illus. 300 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.

CIS 02-360 Héry M., Mouton C., Falcy M.
Remediation of polluted industrial sites - Prevention of occupational hazards
Réhabilitation de sites industriels pollués - Prévention des risques professionnels [in French]
For industrial hygienists, the remediation of polluted industrial sites is a complex activity. Indeed, workers may be exposed to a wide range of hazards during earthmoving construction work, in particular due to the use of equipment that can cause accidents and the risk of being buried, the presence of chemicals (with poisoning, fire, and explosion hazards), the use of noisy and vibrating equipment, etc. A systematic organization of the work and prevention measures is therefore necessary. Among other considerations, it must be based on a detailed risk assessment.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 3rd Quarter 2001, No.132, 4p. 5 ref.

CIS 02-275 Porru S., Carta A., Placidi D.
Job fitness definition of workers exposed to biological risks in a health care environment: Considerations in light of a case report
Il giudizio di idoneità lavorativa di lavoratori esposti a rischio biologico in ambiente sanitario: considerazioni alla luce di un caso clinico [in Italian]
Report of the case of a young female nurse in the haematology department of an Italian hospital, who was in charge of preparing and administering antineoplastic drugs. She was suffering from membranous glomerulonephritis and was being treated with immunosuppressant agents. The risk assessment showed that the preparation and administration of the antineoplastic drugs was not safely performed and she showed moderate leucopenia. This worker was judged unfit for work involving high risk of exposure to potentially harmful pharmaceutical agents. The case provided the opportunity for underlining the role of the occupational physician in detecting potentially harmful cases of exposure.
Medicina del lavoro, Sep.-Oct. 2001, Vol.92, No.5, p.345-352. 20 ref.

CIS 02-422 Dequaire-Falconnet E., Meleton L.
IDAR® - A risk assessment approach in the context of the "Machinery" directive
IDAR® - Une méthode d'analyse des risques dans le cadre de la directive "Machines" [in French]
Many European directives, in particular the "Machinery" directive 98/37/EC (see CIS 99-29), require manufacturers to conduct a risk assessment with respect to the safety and health of users of the machinery. The risk assessment method IDAR® is presented. It analyses the activities of the operators for each phase of the life cycle of the equipment. This guide shows how to use this easy-to-implement method, and it includes advice and practical examples. Appendices include the full text of the "Machinery" directive and a list of relevant European and ISO standards.
CETIM, Centre Technique des Industries Mécaniques, 52 avenue Félix-Louat, B.P. 80067, 60304 Senlis Cedex, France, Apr. 2001. xiv, 164p. Illus.

CIS 02-257 Evaluation of occupational hazards in slaughterhouses - Guide to self-evaluation in cattle and swine rearing
Evaluation des risques professionnels en abattoir - Guide d'autodiagnostic en bouverie-porcherie [in French]
The high level of occupational accidents and the growing occurrence of occupational diseases in the meat sector has lead to an industry-wide approach to evaluate occupational hazards, in order to implement improvements in working conditions, safety and health. The purpose of this guide is to enable enterprises in the meat sector to conduct a self-evaluation of the hazards and to implement corrective measures. The following aspects are covered through examples, questions and checklists: how to identify critical hazards; analysing critical hazards and searching for solutions; developing and implementing a safety and health plan within the enterprise.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 2001. 71p. Illus.

CIS 01-1591 Regulation No.259/2001 of the Council of Ministers concerning procedures for industrial accident risk assessment and risk reduction measures [Latvia]
Ministru kabineta noteikumi Nr.259/2001 - Rūpniecisko avāriju riska novērtēšanas kārtība un riska samazināšanas pasākumi [in Latvian]
These regulations (effective: 1 July 2001) apply to risk assessment and risk reduction in connection with dangerous industrial chemicals. Contents: general provisions; general requirements for the preparation, submission and examination of documentation; information to be included in an Industrial Accident Prevention Programme; information to be included in the Safety Report; procedures for the submission, evaluation, updating and supplementing of an Industrial Accident Prevention Programme and of a Safety Report; assessments of domino effects (undesirable mutual influence of two or more installations that increases the probability of an industrial accident) and requirements of installations which cause or are affected by a domino effect; requirements for the planning of installations presenting a risk of chemical accident; preparation of an Emergency Preparedness Plan, and procedures for its evaluation and implementation; provision of information regarding protection and safety measures; post-accident measures; inspection of installations. In annex: list of dangerous substances, with threshold quantities; sample application forms for dangerous substances at an installation; criteria for accident evaluation and information provision after an accident.
Latvijas Republikas Saeimas un Ministru Kabineta Ziņotājs, 2001, No.15, p.360-386. English translation (46p.) available from CIS.
http://www.ttc.lv/New/lv/tulkojumi/E0182.doc [in English]

CIS 01-1637 Lifting and transport equipment for in-plant transport
Equipos de elevación y transporte en el interior de las empresas [in Spanish]
This guide in the form of check lists of potential hazards in lifting and transport equipment for in-plant transport and corresponding prevention elements is aimed at managers of small enterprises. Contents: workplaces and equipment; electrical hazards; physical hazards; harmful chemicals; biological agents; fires and explosions; workplace design; work organization; legislation; risk assessment methods.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2001. 37p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_018.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 01-1645 Service stations
Estaciones de servicio [in Spanish]
This guide in the form of check lists of potential hazards in service stations and corresponding prevention elements is aimed at managers of small enterprises. Contents: workplaces and equipment; electrical hazards; physical hazards; harmful chemicals; biological agents; fires and explosions; workplace design; work organization; legislation; risk assessment methods.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2001. 53p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_019.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 01-1640 Asphalt equipment
Plantas de asfaltado [in Spanish]
This guide in the form of check lists of potential hazards when working with asphalting equipment and corresponding prevention elements is aimed at managers of small enterprises. Contents: workplaces and equipment; electrical hazards; physical hazards; harmful chemicals; biological agents; fires and explosions; workplace design; work organization; legislation; risk assessment methods.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2001. 37p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_016.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 01-1641 Garment manufacturing units
Talleres de confección [in Spanish]
This guide in the form of check lists of potential hazards in garment manufacturing units and corresponding prevention elements is aimed at managers of small enterprises. Contents: workplaces and equipment; electrical hazards; physical hazards; harmful chemicals; biological agents; fires and explosions; workplace design; work organization; legislation; risk assessment methods.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2001. 37p. Illus.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_017.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 01-1778
World Health Organization (WHO)
IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans - Volume 79: Some thyrotropic agents
This document presents the views and expert opinions of an IARC working group which met in Lyon, France, 10-17 October 2000. It contains 19 monographs on thyrotropic agents (methimazole, methylthiouracil, propylthiouracil, thiouracil, doxylamine succinate, phenobarbital and its sodium salt, griseofulvin, spironolactone, sulfomethazine and its sodium salt, sulfamethoxazole, amitrole, chlordane and heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, toxaphene, kojic acid, 2,4-diaminoanisole and its salts, N,N'-diethylthiourea, ethylenethiourea and thiourea). Contents of each monograph: exposure data; studies of cancers in humans; studies of cancers in experimental animals; other data relevant to an evaluation of carcinogenicity; summary of data reported and evaluation.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France, 2001. iv, 763p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 01-1793
Health and Safety Executive
COSHH - A brief guide to the regulations
This booklet provides guidance on the main requirements of the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH, see CIS 00-620) 1999. It describes the seven steps required to comply with COSHH, namely: assess the risks to health; decide what precautions are needed; prevent or adequately control exposure; ensure that control measures are complied with; monitor exposure; carry out appropriate health surveillance; ensure that employees are properly informed, trained and supervised. (More detailed guidance on risk assessment is provided in CIS 00-961). It is a reprint of version analysed in CIS 00-1098.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2001. 19p. 9 ref.

CIS 01-1513
World Health Organization (WHO)
IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans - Ionizing radiation, Part 2: Some internally deposited radionuclides
This monograph presents the views and expert opinions of an IARC working group which met in Lyon, France, 14-21 June 2000 on the cancer risks from internal radiations sources which result from ingestion, inhalation, dermal absorption or injection of radionuclides. Among the 34 radionuclides evaluated, 10 were classified in group 1 (carcinogenic to humans). The following aspects are covered: exposure data; studies of cancer in humans; studies of cancer in experimental animals; other data relevant to an evaluation of carcinogenicity and its mechanisms; summary of reported data and evaluation.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France, 2001. xv, 595p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 01-1278 Decree No.2001-1016 of 5 Nov. 2001 concerning the creation of a document on the evaluation of hazards for the safety and health of workers, as foreseen by Article L.230-2 of the Labour Code, and modifying the Labour Code (Part 2: Decrees by the Council of State) [France]
Décret n°2001-1016 du 5 nov. 2001 portant création d'un document relatif à l'évaluation des risques pour la santé et la sécurité des travailleurs, prévue par l'article L.230-2 du code du travail et modifiant le code du travail (2e partie: Décrets en Conseil d'Etat) [France] [in French]
This Decree obliges employers to establish and maintain a personal register documenting the hazard evaluation of workers in order to protect their safety and health. These registers must be updated at least once a year, and whenever significant changes occur in the workplace affecting the safety and health conditions of the workers concerned. The register must be made available to everyone concerned with safety and health at the workplace.
Journal officiel de la République française, 7 Nov. 2001, 133th Year, No.258, p.17523.
http://www.travail.gouv.fr/publications/picts/bo/05122001/A0220002.htm [in French]

CIS 01-945 Order No.178/2001 of the Government establishing conditions for health protection at work [Czech Republic]
Nařízení vlády ze 18.4.2001, kterým se stanoví podmínky ochrany zdraví zaměstnanců při práci [in Czech]
This Government order defines how to evaluate risk factors and hazard classification of occupations, how to set exposure limits and how to measure the actual risks.
Sbírka zákonů, 6 June 2001, No.68, p.3682-3693.
http://www.mvcr.cz/sbirka/2001/sb068-01.pdf [in Czech]

CIS 01-926 Notification No.89/2001 of the Ministry of Health defining the classification of occupations, fixing biological exposure limits and establishing the requirements for the notification of work with asbestos and biological agents [Czech Republic]
Vyhláška Ministerstva zdravotnictví ze 15.2.2001, kterou se stanoví podmínky pro zařazování prací do kategorií, limitní horodnoty ukazatelů biologických expozičních testů a náležitosti hlášení prací s azbestem a biologickými činiteli [in Czech]
This notification defines four categories of occupations according to the level of workplace health hazard. It announces the requirements for the notification of work involving asbestos, risk of asbestos exposure and work with biological agents. In annex: biological exposure limits connected with exposure to certain chemical substances.
Sbírka zákonů, 28 Feb. 2001, No.35, p.2657-2671.
http://www.mvcr.cz/sbirka/2001/sb035-01.pdf [in Czech]

CIS 01-998 Martin C.
The health and safety coach - Compendium of risk assessment questionnaires
This manual covers a wide range of over 100 safety and health issues in the form of questionnaires. Working through any of these questionnaires should enable managers and safety representatives develop a complete picture of the problems which need to be addressed to ensure safe working. The questions help define each task or activity and the associated hazards, encourage managers and safety representatives to seek further information and challenge them to question their current systems and attitudes.
Gower Publishing Limited, Gower House, Croft Road, Aldershot, Hampshire GU11 3HR, United Kingdom, 2001. xii, 344p. Index.

CIS 01-724
Health and Safety Executive
Assessing and managing risks at work from skin exposure to chemical agents
This booklet provides practical advice to employers on how to control skin exposure to chemical agents at the workplace. Main topics covered: legal requirements; skin action of chemical agents; health effects (irritant or allergic contact dermatitis; other skin diseases such as urticaria, loss of pigmentation, skin cancer; systemic effects); hazard identification: risk assessment (exposure pathways, skin exposure measurement, biological monitoring); risk management (exposure prevention or control, elimination or substitution of the harmful substance, engineering control, process modification, modification of working methods, personal protective equipment, skin care products); health surveillance; information and training. Appendix includes references to relevant legislation.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Jan. 2001. iv, 28p. Illus. 44 ref. Price: GBP 8.00.

CIS 01-886 Ariëns G.A.M., Bongers P.M., Douwes M., Miedema M.C., Hoogendoorn W.E., van der Wal G., Bouter L.M., van Mechelen W.
Are neck flexion, neck rotation, and sitting at work risk factors for neck pain? Results of a prospective cohort study
To study the relation between neck pain and work-related neck flexion, neck rotation and sitting, a prospective cohort study was performed with a follow-up of 3 years among 1,334 workers from 34 companies. Work-related physical load was assessed by analysing objectively measured exposure data (video recordings) of neck flexion, neck rotation and sitting posture. Neck pain was assessed by a questionnaire. Adjustments were made for various non-occupational physical factors, psychosocial factors and individual characteristics. A significant positive relation was found between the percentage of the working time in a sitting position and neck pain, with an increased risk of neck pain for workers sitting more than 95% of the time (crude relative risk (RR) 2.01; adjusted RR 2.34). A positive relationhip between neck flexion and neck pain was found, suggesting an increased risk for people working with the neck at a minimum of 20° of flexion for more than 70% of the time (crude RR 2.01; adjusted RR 1.63). No clear relationship was found between neck rotation and neck pain.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2001, Vol.58, No.3, p.200-207. 24 ref.

CIS 01-832 Lee P.N.
Relation between exposure to asbestos and smoking jointly and the risk of lung cancer
To review evidence of the relationship between the combined effect of exposure to asbestos and smoking on the risk of lung cancer, 23 studies epidemiological studies were analysed, comparing the risk of lung cancer in subjects unexposed to asbestos or smoking, exposed to asbestos only, to smoking only, or to both. Eight studies provided insufficient data. Asbestos exposure was associated with a significantly increased risk in non-smokers in six of the remaining studies and with a moderate increase in a further six. In two of the three studies that found no increase, asbestos exposure was insufficient to increase risks in smokers. In 30 of 31 data sets analysed, risk in the combined exposure group was greater than predicted by the additive model. Asbestos exposure multiplies risk of lung cancer by a similar factor in non-smokers and smokers.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2001, Vol.58, No.3, p.145-153. 37 ref.

CIS 01-835 Ji B.T., Silverman D.T., Stewart P.A., Blair A., Swanson G.M., Baris D., Greenberg R.S., Hayes R.B., Brown L.M., Lillemoe K.D., Schoenberg J.B., Pottern L.M., Schwartz A.G., Hoover R.N.
Occupational exposure to pesticides and pancreatic cancer
To investigate the relationship between pancreatic cancer and exposure to pesticides, a case-control study was conducted in three separate areas of the United States, involving 484 cases aged 30-79 diagnosed in 1986-1989 and 2,095 controls drawn from a random sample of the general population. A job-exposure matrix (JEM) approach was used to estimate the level of occupational exposure to pesticides. A significant trend in risk with increasing exposure level of pesticides was observed, with odds ratios (OR) of 1.3 and 1.4 for low and moderate-high exposure levels, respectively. Excess risks were found for occupational exposure to fungicides (OR = 1.5) and herbicides (OR = 1.6) in the moderate-high level after adjustment for potential confounding factors. An increased risk for insecticide exposure was no longer significant after adjustment for fungicide and herbicide exposures. Results suggest that pesticides may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer, and highlight the need for further research to evaluate the risk of exposure to specific chemicals.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Jan. 2001, Vol.39, No.1, p.92-99. 45 ref.

2000

CIS 11-0639 Honkasalo A.
Occupational health and safety and environmental management systems
The integration of occupational safety and health aspects into environmental management systems can bring many benefits to industrial companies. Because the principles of prevention are similar in environmental protection and safety management, one can avoid duplicated measures and find optimal solutions. However, the methods currently used in environmental management and engineering such as life-cycle assessments, best available technology reports and the models of industrial production can hinder this integration, since they take into account occupational risks only to a limited extent. This article discusses how to benefit from this integration and avoid the underestimation of occupational hazards.
Environmental Science and Policy, 2000, Vol.3, p.39-45. 19 ref.
Occupational_health_and_safety.pdf [in English]

CIS 07-68 Berthet M., Guerin F., Rouilleault H.
Prevention of occupational hazards - Positions of French trade unions and employers' federations
Prévention des risques professionnels - Les positions des partenaires sociaux [in French]
This document presents the viewpoints of trade unions and employers' federation collected in 1999 and 2000 during open discussions in France on the question of the prevention of occupational hazards. This led to the requirement to record the results of hazard evaluations within an enterprise in a single document. The viewpoints of two employers' organizations and five trade unions are provided.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Mar. 2000. 37p.
http://www.anact.fr/pls/portal/docs/1/13552.PDF [in French]

CIS 06-1083 Firpo de Souza Porto M.
Hazard evaluation in work premises: Prevention through awareness
Análise de riscos nos locais de trabalho: conhecer para transformar [in Portuguese]
Contents of this guide for evaluating hazards and defining a hazard prevention programme at the place of work: definition of hazard; examples of hazards at the workplace and their effects on health; how to determine the hazards that are inherent in the workplace; hazard prevention and control; defining a hazard prevention programme; map of hazards; analysis of accident causes.
Instituto Nacional de Saúde no Trabalho (INST) Rua Caetano Pinto 575, São Paulo, CEP 03041-000, Brazil, 2000. 42p. Illus. 38 ref.

CIS 06-926 Assessment of the health risks arising from use of hazardous chemicals in the workplace: A manual of recommended practice (2nd edition)
Manual issued under the authority of the Occupational Safety and Health (Use and Standards of Exposure of Chemicals Hazardous to Health) Regulations 2000 (see CIS 06-513).
Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Ministry of Human Resources, Aras 2, 3 dan 4, Blok D3, Parcel D, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62502 Putrajaya, Malaysia, 2000. iv, 77p. 9 ref.
http://dosh.mohr.gov.my/koperat/G-PANDUAN%20PDF/GUIDE-CHRA%206-00%20(I).pdf [in English]

CIS 05-698 Rasilainen K., Suolanen V., Vuori S.
Disposal of nuclear fuel - Basic risk evaluation
Käytetyn ydinpolttoaineen huolto: Turvallisuuden arvioinnin perusteet [in Finnish]
The Finnish experience in the transporting and disposal of radioactive waste from nuclear reactors.
Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus (VTT), Vuorimiehentie 5, PL 2000, 02044 VTT, Finland, 2000. 57p. Illus. 52 ref. Price: EUR 35.00.
http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/tiedotteet/2000/T2033.pdf [in Finnish]

CIS 05-29 Lehtinen S., Mäkinen T., Hassi J., Aalto A., Sundquist A.L., Hanhela R., Rantanen J.
Risk assessment
Collection of articles on risk assessment and other topics of relevance to the Nordic countries and Russia. Topics covered: review of a symposium on living and working in the North held in Oulu, Finland, in November 1999; review of a symposium on health and chemical safety held in St-Petersburg, Russia, 14-16 June 2000; occupational hygiene risk factors at Finnish workplaces; identification, classification and labelling of chemicals; managing chemical risks at work; risk assessment of chemicals at the national level.
Barents - Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 2000, Vol.3, No.3, p.31-50 (whole issue). Illus. 16 ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/04156EF6-BF5D-4319-9695-38AF3EE39B39/0/barents00_3.pdf [in English]

CIS 04-129 Wieczorek Z., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in electromechanical repair workshops - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w zakładach naprawy sprzętu elektromechanicznego - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in electromechanical repair workshops is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 28+41p. 68 ref.

CIS 04-143 Krupa J., Drygała M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in hairdressing salons and beauty parlours - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w zakładach fryzjersko-kosmetycznych - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in hairdressing salons and beauty parlours is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 25+45p. 59+57 ref.

CIS 04-147 Wolska A., Bugajska J., Drygała M., Najmiec A., Grabarczyk Z., Augustyńska D.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health at computer workstations - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy na stanowiskach z komputerami - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health at computer workstations is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 26+31p. 35+20 ref.

CIS 04-142 Punzet M., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in sanitary installation and repair work - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w zakładach usługowych instalatorstwa sanitarnego - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in sanitary installation and repair work is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 29+56p. 75+78 ref.

CIS 04-128 Wojucki J., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in electroplating plants - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w zakładach galwanizerskich - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in electroplating plants is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 27+45p. 67 ref.

CIS 04-127 Kowalik K., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in electrical and gas welding workshops - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w zakładach spawalnictwa elektrycznego i gazowego - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in electrical and gas welding workshops is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 26+38p. 70 ref.

CIS 04-131 Kowerski A., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in wholesale and building materials warehouses - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w hurtowniach i składach materiałów budowlanych - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in wholesale and building materials warehouses is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 29+41p. 66+52 ref.

CIS 04-130 Rogowski T., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Gierasimiuk J., Konarska M., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in the construction industry - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w przedsiębiorstwach budowlanych - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in the construction industry is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2nd ed., 2000. 43+48p. 81 ref.

CIS 04-134 Wieczorek Z., Augustyńska D., Drygała M., Gierasimiuk J., Pośniak M.
Occupational safety and health in small business - Occupational safety and health in the rubber and vulcanization industry - OSH check list; Employers' guide
Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w małych przedsiębiorstwach - Bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy w zakładach wulkanizacyjnych i produkujących wyroby z gumy - Lista kontrolna bhp; Poradnik pracodawcy [in Polish]
The check list for the evaluation of occupational safety and health in the rubber and vulcanization industry is designed for use in conjunction with the corresponding employer's guide. It lists the potential hazards that may be found in these workplaces and provides suggestions for their control or elimination. It also contains a list of relevant Polish legislation and technical standards.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 31+51p. 71 ref.

CIS 03-747 Schneider T., Cherrie J.W., Vermeulen R., Kromhout H.
Dermal exposure assessment
A strategy for assessing dermal exposure based on a conceptual model is proposed, which draws on the experience gained for airborne contaminants, including the EN 689 standard for assessing exposure by inhalation. The large amount of air sampling data has provided good insight into the statistical properties of short-term and long-term exposure levels. For dermal exposure, an understanding of the distribution types and parameter values is beginning to emerge. Transport rates away from the skin contaminant layer determine the "memory" of a dermal sample and measurement principles are proposed depending on these rates. It is argued that uptake is the ultimate dermal exposure metric for risk assessment and should be the basis for devising dermal occupational exposure limits.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Oct. 2000, Vol.44, No.7, p.493-499. Illus. 35 ref.

CIS 03-915 Kowalewski S.
Hazards during work at presses
Ryzyko obsługi pras [in Polish]
This booklet on the prevention of hazards during work at presses provides safety guidance in the following areas: restriction of access; identification of hazards during the operation of presses; hazard evaluation. It also provides general instructions concerning the limitation of hazards during the operation of presses.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 49p. Illus.

CIS 03-739 Ortega Eslava M.I.
Occupational exposure to antineoplastic agents: Surveillance of the carcinogenic risk
Exposition professionnelle aux antinéoplasiques: surveillance du risque cancérogène [in French]
Antineoplastic agents used in cancer treatment are mutagenic, carcinogenic and teratogenic. This article presents the conclusions of a literature review aimed at analysing available test methods for the surveillance of the cancer risk among exposed workers. There is no single preferred test method, and the article discusses the advantages and scope of application of various methods including: determination of the parent compound or its metabolite in a biological media; DNA or protein adducts; urinary mutagenicity; biomarkers; chromosome aberration test; sister-chromatid exchange test, micronuclei test; comet assay.
Médecine du travail & Ergonomie / Arbeidsgezondheitszorg & Ergonomie, 2000, Vol.XXXVII, No.2, p.57-81. Illus. 156 ref.

CIS 03-290 Koëter H.B.W.M., Visser R.
Work in OECD on chemical safety: Approaches for human risk assessment
By harmonizing national approaches to regulations related to chemicals, industry avoids being confronted with a large number of conflicting or duplicative requirements, governments are provided with a common basis for working with each other and non-tariff barriers to trade are reduced. This article presents the initiatives and activities of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) aimed at harmonizing approaches to chemical safety and hazard evaluation. These include the Mutual Acceptance of Data Scheme, Test Guidelines, Good Laboratory Practice and the Environmental Health and Safety Programme. Issues discussed include guidelines for animal experiments, testing of reproductive toxicity and neurotoxicity, classification and labelling.
Industrial Health, Apr. 2000, Vol.38, No.2, p.109-119. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 03-369 Graf H., Schmidt-Traub H.
Early hazard identification of chemical plants with statechart modelling techniques
A comprehensive hazard evaluation of a chemical plant is not only highly recommendable but often subject to official approval of construction by national governmental authorities. Since established methods such as hazard and operability (HazOp) studies are mostly carried out manually and therefore still involve many disadvantages, there has been a marked increase in the research of computer-based analysis methods in the last years. This project aims at introducing a new approach to process hazard identification by simulation and analysis. A qualitative plant model formulated as statecharts has to be generated first despite the lack of information at the early design stages. HazOp-like simulations can then be performed. In addition, special safety issues can be addressed by examining the likelihood of reaching dangerous plant states.
Safety Science, Oct. 2000, Vol.36, No.1, p.49-67. Illus. 29 ref.

CIS 03-163 Assessing the need for personal protective equipment: A guide for small business employers
OSHA requires employers to protect their employees from machines, work procedures and hazardous substances that can cause injury. The preferred way to achieve this is through engineering controls, work practices and organizational measures, but when these controls are not feasible or do not provide sufficient protection, an alternative or supplementary method is to provide workers with personal protective equipment (PPE). The purpose of this guide is to help employers examine the workplaces, review their work procedures, select appropriate PPE, and train employees to wear and care for the PPEs provided. It can help employers comply with OSHA's general PPE requirements. Respirators and insulating devices are not covered in this guide.
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue N.W., Washington D.C. 20210, USA, 2000. v, 51p. Illus.
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3151.pdf [in English]

CIS 03-300 Browne K., Gee B.L.
Asbestos exposure and laryngeal cancer
Studies of workers exposed to asbestos that included data on laryngeal disease are reviewed, together with studies of laryngeal cancers with epidemiological or experimental evidence of associated exposures. Confounding factors of smoking and alcohol intake create major difficulties for the identification of any asbestos or other occupational effects. Smoking and alcohol are independently and synergistically associated with large increases in the relative risk of laryngeal cancer. However, few studies provide details of either habit. Among 24 prospective studies for which a standardized mortality ratio was available, there was a clear excess risk only in one case. In 17 retrospective studies, only two showed a significantly increased risk. Evidence from animal experiments, studies of associations with pleural plaques, and autopsy findings also appear negative or inconclusive. The evidence does not indicate that asbestos exposure increases the risk of laryngeal cancer.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, June 2000, Vol.44, No.4, p.239-250. 101 ref.

CIS 02-1989 Richez J.P.
Violence at work - Enterprises fight back
Agressions professionnelles - Les entreprises ripostent [in French]
Between 1983 and 1998, there were 129 fatal occupational accidents in France resulting from violence. Contents of this collection of articles on violence at the workplace: three-phase approach to prevention (hazard evaluation, work organization and layout of premises, psychological help for victims); case of work incapacity of a violence victim requiring a change of employment; management of post-traumatic shock; measures implemented by the Paris public transport company (social work among young persons in underprivileged neighbourhoods, surveillance cameras, psychological help to victims of violence); measures implemented by the French National Railways (station opening hours, increased levels of staff presence, surveillance cameras); measures implemented in the banking sector (layout of branch offices, training of staff); violence in Europe (16% of the working population is potentially exposed to various forms of violence).
Travail et sécurité, Jan. 2000, No.592, p.26-38. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 02-1944 Nicas M.
Regulating the risk of tuberculosis transmission among health care workers
The relationship between tuberculosis (TB) infection and disease rates is discussed, and a probability framework is introduced for the apportioning of the infection risk between occupational and non-occupational exposure. It is argued that most TB infections among health care workers are work-related. A 0.2% overall annual risk of TB infection is proposed as acceptable, because in the context of an infection surveillance programme it limits the cumulative disease risk faced by health care workers close to the value for the general United States population. Based on the probability framework, an estimate of the background community infection rate and the traditional Wells-Riley risk model it is shown that a target workplace infection risk value can be derived and applied to risk management decision making.
AIHA Journal, May-June 2000, Vol.61, No.3, p.334-339. Illus. 20 ref.

CIS 02-1876
Health and Safety Commission
Selection and use of explosion effects and consequence models for explosives
This document provides guidance on the selection and use of models to study the effects of explosions, for purposes of risk studies, emergency planning or specifying conditions which provide appropriate protection to people at work and the general public. Contents: definition of terms in the area of explosives and the effects of explosions; effects on buildings and other structures; modelling, prediction and practical considerations; list of close to 100 available tools and methodologies for modelling the effects of explosions.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2000. iv, 148p. lllus. 44 ref. Price: GBP 30.00.

CIS 02-1422 Barlier A., Salsi S., Kingler S.
Evaluation of the hazards from exposure to optical radiation sources - CatRayon: Interactive computerized catalogue
Evaluation des risques relatifs aux sources de rayonnement optique - CatRayon: catalogue informatisé interactif [in French]
This article presents "CatRayon", an interactive computerized catalogue used for the assessment of the risks linked to the use of optical radiation sources. It comprises a database of about 400 sources such as general-purpose lamps, lamps for specific use, and industrial sources (furnaces, welding arcs, etc.). Risk assessment is based on the exposure limits proposed by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) and takes into account user-defined conditions of use including the position of the source, the exposure distance, and the daily period of exposure. For extended sources, the corresponding configuration factor is determined by means of a finite element method. The results supplied are the spectral ranges presenting a risk, a description of the corresponding physiological effects, and the variation in the risk indexes in relation to the distance or duration of exposure.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 2000, No.180, p.37-48. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 02-1130
German Chemical Society - GDCh-Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals (BUA)
Marine risk assessment: Concept and criteria
This document is presented as a proposal to complement the European Union convention specified in the Technical Guidance Document for Risk Assessment of New and Existing Chemicals (see CIS 97-932), in particular for risk assessment in the marine environment. Two approaches are proposed, one for local assessment, the other for regional assessment. For local areas of increased exposure, risk is assessed by comparing environmental concentration and data on biological effects. For regional areas, a modified risk assessment method is proposed, based on the identification and evaluation of substances whose discharge can lead to short- or long-term marine pollution.
S. Hirzel Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Birkenwaldstrasse 44, 70191 Stuttgart, Germany, 2000. 34p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

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