Labour inspection - 674 entries found
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Inspection, testing and maintenance of sprinkler systems
This standard was approved as an American National Standard on 13 July 1981. Chapters are devoted to: general information; water supplies; water flow alarm devices; automatic sprinklers; replacement and testing programmes; sprinkler system components; flushing (types of obstruction material, precautions, dry-pipe and wet systems, etc.); impairments; fire records.
National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, Massachusetts 02269, USA, 13 July 1981. 58p. Illus. 21 ref. Price: US-$.7.50.
Council of State Decree on mobile cranes and their inspection
Valtioneuvoston päätös ajoneuvonostureista ja niiden tarkastuksesta [in Finnish]
Statsrådets beslut om mobilkranar och besiktning av dem [in Swedish]
This Decree (effective: 1 Sep. 1982) applies to self-propelled or towed, wheeled or crawler-mounted cranes. Individual sections are devoted to: general rules for manufacturers, importers and retailers of mobile cranes; definitions; solidity and stability; driver's cabin (layout, visibility, ease of access, controls, sound insulation); brakes and interlock devices; safety devices (travel limiting devices, load moment indicators); winch and pulley safety; compliance with national standards; type testing; inspection; checks after repair and maintenance; operating instructions; operating safety; driver (qualifications, minimum age: 18 years). CIS has only the Swedish-language version.
Finlands författningssamling - Suomen säädöskokoelma, 10 Sep. 1981, No.616, p.1104-1107.
Stern F.B., Lemen R.A., Curtis R.A.
Exposure of motor vehicle examiners to carbon monoxide: A historical prospective mortality study
A modified life table technique was used to calculate the cause-specific expected deaths, adjusted for age and calendar time periods, of a cohort of 1558 male workers employed as motor vehicle examiners for ≥6 months between 1944 and 1973. The examiners were exposed to carbon monoxide at a TWA calculated as 10-24ppm. The exposure level recommended by NIOSH is 35ppm TWA. The expected deaths were compared to the number of observed deaths through August 1973. 124 deaths due to cardiovascular disease were observed in the cohort compared with 118.4 expected, and a more pronounced excess was observed within the first 10 years following employment (28 observed, 20.9 expected). A statistically significant excess of cancer mortality was found after 30 years latency (13 observed, 6.9 expected). This excess was not confined to any particular organ site.
Archives of Environmental Health, Mar.-Apr. 1981, Vol.36, No.2, p.59-66. Illus. 26 ref.
A re-estimation of safety
De veiligheid op de weegschaal [in Dutch]
Proceedings of the symposium organised on the 125th anniversary of the Netherlands Steam Engine Service (The Hague, 8 Oct. 1980): historical background and trends in the inspection of pressure vessels; history and structure of the regulations concerning pressure vessels; hazard evaluation by the technical inspector; resistance of materials and design; calculation of resistance of vessels to explosions; use of glass-fibre reinforced plastics in constructing pressure vessels; use of acoustic emission for inspection; safety aspects of shut-off valves.
Dienst voor het stoomwezen, 's-Gravenhage, Netherlands, 1981. 92p. Illus. Bibl.
Annual report of the Labour Inspectorate - 1979
Jaarverslag arbeidsinspectie - 1979 [in Dutch]
General survey of the organisation and activities of the Netherlands Labour Inspectorate with particular reference to: administrative automation; legislation and its enforcement; working hours and rest breaks; reductions in working hours; occupational safety and health activities in industry, agriculture, inland-waterway transport and the use of nuclear power; prevention of electrical accidents; activities in the field of medicine and hygiene; training and education on improvement of the workplace; international relations; asbestos.
Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, Voorburg, Netherlands, Oct. 1980. 184p. Illus.
U.S. Department of Labor
Onsite consultation for the employer
This brief booklet, designed for employers in small business and industry, describes the procedure for obtaining a confidential onsite consultation with an Occupational Safety and Health Administration inspector. The consultant will help identify health hazards and suggest means of resolving problems but will not issue citations or report violations. An OSHA onsite consultation project directory is included.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Government Printing Office, USA, 1980. 12p.
Silin I.L., Levickij A.L.
Safe work in railway transport - Control methods
Bezopasnost' truda na železnodorožnom transporte - Metody kontrolja [in Russian]
Contents: OSH inspection methods; examinations to test railwaymen's knowledge and awareness of OSH questions; evaluation of efficiency of ventilation systems; evaluation of workplace lighting; measurement and evaluation of noise and vibration; checking for electrical safety; technical inspection and testing of lifting equipment; checking of machinery and tool guards; ergonomic evaluation of jobs and workplaces; evaluation of railway personnel wellbeing and personal protective equipment.
Izdatel'stvo "Transport", Basmannyj tup. 6a, 107 174 Moskva, USSR, 1980. 247p. Illus. 10 ref. Price: Rbl.0.90.
Irish Department of Labour
Labour Inspection: Report for 1979 of the Industrial Inspectorate and General Inspectorate, Department of Labour
Contents: number of premises and visits; prosecutions; occupational accidents and dangerous occurrences; medical examinations; breakdown of occupational accidents by category of premises, and between adults and young persons; causes and summary descriptions of fatal accidents; activities of safety committees; work of the Occupational Hygiene Unit (monitoring of listed toxic substances, ionising radiation, noise and dust levels). There were 32 fatal accidents (7 due to an oil tanker explosion) in 1979 (26 in 1978; 26 in 1977); there were 3,600 non-fatal employment injuries in 1979 (4,047 in 1978; 3,441 in 1977). No occupational diseases were reported in 1979, but claims were paid for existing cases. Numerous statistical tables. List of all OSH orders and regulations in force on 31 Dec. 1979, under the Factories Act 1955 and the Mines and Quarries Act 1965.
Prl.9036, Government Publications Sale Office, G.P.O. Arcade, Dublin 1, Ireland, July 1980. 74p. Price: IR£1.35.
Drabarek F., Kołodziejczyk M., Skalski C., Wieczorek Z., Wynimko M.
Guide for social labour inspectors in commerce and cooperatives
Poradnik społecznego inspektora pracy w handlu i spółdzielczości [in Polish]
This guide gives information on the legislation concerning, and organisation of, the social labour inspectorate in Poland, and on the powers and duties of the inspectors (who are appointed by the workers) in the commerce and cooperatives sector. Advice on occupational safety and health techniques, legal liability in the case of non-observance of safety regulations, organisational principles for accident investigations, workmen's compensation, etc. Appended: list of regulations currently in force, tables of air temperatures in workplaces, mean illumination levels in industrial premises, and principal causes of accidents.
Instytut wydawniczy CRZZ, Warszawa, Poland, 1980. 183p. 108 ref.
Jagodziński A., Staszałek J.
Guide for social labour inspectors in the electrical equipment manufacturing industry
Poradnik społecznego inspektora pracy w przemyśle elektromaszynowym [in Polish]
Information on the organisation, powers and duties of the social labour inspectorate in the electrical equipment manufacturing industry; legal aspects of worker protection; occupational accident investigations (circumstances, causes); workmen's compensation. Considerations on occupational safety and health aspects of metalworking, metal cutting and welding, electroplating, painting and varnishing, transport, storage battery and compressor rooms, and boiler rooms. Appended: prohibited employment for women and young persons, work in conditions involving health hazards, dangerous work.
Instytut wydawniczy CRZZ, Warszawa, Poland, 1980. 288p. Illus. 60 ref. Price: Zł.32.00.
Periodic inspection of cranes by experts
Wiederkehrende Prüfung von Krananlagen durch Sachkundige [in German]
In the Federal Republic of Germany the Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations (Berufsgenossenschaften) have issued basic principles and safety regulations on the inspection of cranes, including overhead travelling cranes, and on the different stages of inspections. This article reviews: experts' qualifications; frequency of inspections (technical data, state of the crane, working order, checking of repairs, mechanical parts, electrical equipment, lifting equipment), important points for checking (structure, rails and access, handrails, brakes). A serious defect often encountered is incorrect fixing of the cable end.
Sicherheitsingenieur, May 1980, Vol.11, No.5, p.22-33. Illus.
The work of the Austrian Labour Inspectorate in 1979
Die Tätigkeit der Arbeitsinspektion im Jahre 1979 [in German]
This issue is devoted to the work-in-progress report. Following details of the activity of the Inspectorate, with special reference to occupational accidents and diseases (110,000 inspections in 107,000 undertakings, 151,000 offences; the most frequent occupational disease was hearing damage due to noise), the report describes some cases of particular interest or severity, suggesting preventive measures. List of national regulations and ILO Conventions of particular concern to labour inspection. Organisation and staff of the Inspectorate. Tables give statistical data on factory inspections, reported accidents and diseases, and inspectors' injunctions, with breakdown by industrial sector.
Amtliche Nachrichten des Bundesministeriums für soziale Verwaltung und des Bundesministeriums für Gesundheit und Umweltschutz, 28 Nov. 1980, Vol.36, No.11, p.613-701.
Annual report of the Labour Inspectorate, 1979
Årsmelding fra Arbeidstilsynet 1979 [in Norwegian]
This report, containing several statistical tables, gives an overall picture of the activities of the Norwegian Directorate of Labour Inspection in 1979: competence and organisation of this body; projects and activities to improve the working environment in certain industries; statistical data on inspections carried out and on reported occupational diseases (1970-1979); amendments of Norwegian occupational safety and health legislation; work of the legal department; international cooperation.
Direktoratet for arbeidstilsynet, Postboks 8103 Dep., Oslo 1, Norway, 1980. 26p.
Health and Safety Executive
Health and safety - Manufacturing and service industries 1978.
This report deals with almost the whole field of activity of HM Factory Inspectorate. Contents relating to occupational safety and health: accident experience 1974-1978; the impact of safety policies and their implementation; major incidents (failure of a suspended scaffold; offshore activities); plant and process hazards; mechanical and electrical hazards; occupational hygiene (benzene, acrylonitrile, chlorine, asbestos, dust); ionising radiation; OSH situation in 19 national "industry groups" (health services; rubber; paper and board; printing; docks; food; furniture and woodworking; plastics, footwear and leather; engineering; steelmaking; ceramics; electricity generation; wire, rope and cablemaking; wool textiles; cotton; chemical industry; brewing, distilling, drink industries; education). Report of HM Explosives Inspectorate. Appendices: accident statistics for 1974-1978, prosecutions in 1978.
HM Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1980. 88p. Illus. 63 ref. Price: £3.50.
Vessel inspection procedure and philosophy.
The ICI code of practice for the periodic inspection of pressurised vessels and pipework used in ammonia, methanol and urea plants is described. Equipment is registered by recording all designs and operating conditions. Periodic internal and external inspections are then carried out. Deterioration is assessed during inspections and recommendations are made to tolerate, rectify, monitor for future behaviour, repair, or replace the equipment. Inspections and recommendations are made by teams of staff lead by inspectors.
Ammonia Plant Safety (and related facilities), American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 345 East 47 Street, New york, N.Y. 10017, USA, 1980, Vol.22, p.98-105. Illus.
Zeis L.A., Eschenbrenner G.P.
Expected life of pressure equipment.
Factors affecting the judgement of the safety of used and existing piping, pressure vessels and structures are discussed. Judgement as to the safety of such equipment is based on knowledge and experience. Knowledge of the condition of equipment is based on original design data and drawings, results of measurements of thickness and dimensions, results of non-destructive examinations, documented history of service, and the expected behaviour of the equipment. Relevant guides, laws, and safety codes and standards are cited.
Ammonia Plant Safety (and related facilities), American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 345 East 47 Street, New York, N.Y. 10017, USA, 1980, Vol.22, p.86-90. 8 ref.
Respiratory protective equipment.
This article considers respirators used in industry, mainly from the viewpoints of: qualification for the Factory Inspectorate certificate of approval; and choice of equipment (proper fit, industrial operations for which respirator is intended). Types of respirator as specified in British standards: general purpose respirators; positive pressure, powered dust respirators with dust hoods and blouses; high efficiency respirators (against highly toxic particulates and radioactive substances); face masks (half-mask, full facepiece, or mouthpiece and noseclip); canister respirators; breathing apparatus (fresh-air hose, compressed-air line, or self-contained). List of regulations for approval of different types of respirator. A specimen certificate of approval (with 1980 additions) is appended. Reference to pertinent British standards.
Health and Safety at Work, July 1980, Vol.2, No.11, p.34-40. Illus.
The Swedish National Board of Occupational Safety and Health and the Labour Inspectorate in 1979 - Report of activity
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen och Yrkesinspektionen 1979 - Verksamhetsberättelse [in Swedish]
Statistics concerning factory inspection and communications on: stocktaking of past activity and perspectives for the next decade (Danielson G.); collaboration among the Nordic Countries in drafting OSH directives (Westlin A.); research on TLVs (Lundgren N.); occupational dermatosis (Wahlberg J.E.); register of workers exposed to lead (Malker H.); international collaboration in working environment questions (Warnbeck Rundqvist G.); historical background of the Swedish Labour Inspectorate (Paulsson A.). List of directives and reports published in 1979; organigrams.
ADI 207. Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Fack, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1980. 56p. Illus. Gratis.
Netherlands Ministry of Social Affairs (Ministerie van Sociale Zaken)
Annual report of the Inspectorate of Dock Labour, 1978
Jaarverslag inspectie van de havenarbeid - 1978 [in Dutch]
General survey of the organisation and activities of the Netherlands Inspectorate of Dock Labour, with particular reference to the enforcement and administration of occupational safety and health regulations, safety campaigns, vocational training and social welfare. The last chapter is devoted to occupational accidents and their causes (descriptions of accidents involving dangerous substances, lifting equipment, fork lift trucks, belt conveyors, slinging and lifting cargo; hatches; stairways and ladders; unsafe work methods, oxygen insufficiency).
Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, Voorburg, Netherlands, Mar. 1980. 35p.
US Department of Transportation
Railroad locomotive safety standards and locomotive inspection.
Regulations imposing safety standards and locomotive inspection prcedures, effective 1 May 1980. Definitions are followed by sections devoted to: daily and periodic inspections; tests; safety requirements (general, coupling system, brakes, suspension, electrical system, internal combusion equipment, steam generators, cabs and cab equipment, design). Appended: locomotive inspection and repair forms, penalties, design requirements.
Federal Register, 49 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 229 and 230. Vol.45, No.63, 31 Mar. 1980, p.21091-21124. Illus.
Ayoub M.A., Kushner K.J.
A computerized safety management information system for state OSHA inspection and enforcement programs.
Management information systems (MIS) used by states of the USA that administer their own OSH programmes are reviewed, and a model MIS for state occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) programmes is presented. The proposed MIS generates a variety of output reports that should satisfy OSHA monthly and quarterly reporting requirements: aid in evaluating the inspection and compliance programme, and the work of the safety and health inspectors; OSH training for inspectors, employers, and workers; providing information to aid inspectors in preparing future inspections; aiding OSH administrators in planning inspections, using methods and techniques of operations research and management science.
Journal of Safety Research, Spring 1980, Vol.12, No.1, p.21-35. Illus. 12 ref.
Occupational safety and health: Why a labour inspectorate?
Sécurité et hygiène du travail: un service d'inspection, pour quoi faire ? [in French]
Papers read at a conference on labour inspection held in Belgium are presented: labour inspection in Belgium; medical labour inspectorate; attitude of the occupational physician and safety officers towards the inspectorate; relations betweens employers, workers, and the inspectorate; type of safety to be ensured; civil and penal responsibilities; inspectorates and the law.
Commissariat général à la promotion du travail, 33 rue Belliard, 1040 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1980. 135p.
Safety and health: An inspectorate, what for?
Sécurité et hygiène du travail: un service d'inspection, pour quoi faire ? [in French]
Papers presented at the Belgian International Congress for the Promotion of Labour (Bruggen, Belgium, May 1978). Overview of the Belgian labour inspectorate: general aspects; medical labour inspection; the plant physician and the medical labour inspectorate; the director of safety services and the inspectorate services; relations between employers and the inspectorate services; the concept of safety; worker protection, civil and criminal liability.
D/1980/1205/4. Commissariat général à la promotion du travail, 53 rue Belliard, 1040 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1980. 135p. 3 ref.
Health and Safety Executive.
Health and Safety Commission Report 1978-1979.
Annual report of the Health and Safety Commission (HSC), containing the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) report. HSC report: safety representatives and committees, consultation and legislation (lead, ionising radiation, tractor cabs, safety signs and colours, accident notification, road transport of dangerous substances, road tanker labelling, hazardous installations, offshore construction, diving, mine safety, coalmine dust levels, importation of acetylene); international aspects; advisory committees (toxic and dangerous substances, medical advisory committee, asbestos, major hazards, nuclear installations, agriculture, petroleum, railways, ceramics, construction industry, mine safety research). HSE report: work of the inspectorates (factories, explosives, mines and quarries, nuclear installations, industrial air pollution, railways, agriculture); hazardous installations; information and advisory services; research. Appendices: legislation, HSE publications, statistics (fatalities 1974-1978, incidence rates; total fatalities (all sectors) dropped continuously from 1974 to 1978: 651 (1974), 498 (1978)).
HM Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1980, 49p. 21 ref. Price: £1.75.
Manual for factory and labour inspectors and officers
This manual is intended for factory and labour inspectors and officers who attended occupational hygiene training courses in Lahore, Karachi and Peshawar (Pakistan). It highlights the most important points that were taught during theses courses. Contents: introduction and general information; industrial aerosols and inhalable dust sampling methods; industrial poisons (sampling techniques and limitation of exposure); occupational radiation; thermal environment (heat stress); occupational noise and vibration; measurement and evaluation of lighting in industry; biological hazards; occupational skin diseases and prevention; principles of the epidemiology of occupational safety and health; industrial ventilation; principles of safety at work; personal protective devices; how to inspect a factory from the standpoint of occupational hygiene.
ILO Office in Islamabad, ILO Building, G.5/2 (Near State Bank of Pakistan), P.O. Box 1047, Islamabad, Pakistan, 1979. Typewritten manuscript (ii, 284p.) Illus.
Institute of Occupational Health annual report 1979.
Report of activities of the Institute and its regional institutes during 1979: foreign visitors, staff visits to foreign countries; research projects in 1979; training and education; information and publications; library and documentation services; in-plant investigations by the Institute's occupational hygiene services; the occupational medicine service; activities of the departments of psychology and toxicology (breakdown of clinical toxicology cases handled in 1979: table); regional activity; administration and organisation of the Institute; staff; areas of activity; financing; list of papers presented by staff members at international congresses, research reports and other scientific publications.
Työterveyslaitos, Laajaniityntie 1, 01620 Vantaa 29, Finland, 1979. 38p. Illus. Bibl.
Health and Safety Executive.
Quarries and mines other than coal - Health and Safety 1978.
This report also covers coal quarries, landfill sites, peat workings and exploratory drilling. Contents: coal mine inspections in 1978; accidents (15 fatalities (12 in 1977), 67 seriously injured (82); information for previous years (from 1960 or from 1974) is given in tables and graphs); dangerous occurrences and accident descriptions (falls of ground, explosives, haulage and transport, conveyors and other machines, stumbling, slipping, falls from heights; electrical accidents); legislation on mines other than coal; miscellaneous mines and quarries (inspections, accidents and incidents, radon and lead levels, rescue services). Tables: fatal and serious (reportable) accidents (1974-1978) in quarries; breakdown by mineral worked, by output, employment and 3-day lost time accidents (1977) and by severity, type and location (underground or surface): 1974-1978.
HM Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1979, 26p. Illus. Price: £1.50.
Health and Safety Executive.
Ceramics - Health and safety 1971-77.
Under the new system of sector reports, replacing the former annual report of H.M. Chief Inspector of Factories covering all industries, this is the first report covering the pottery and allied industries. Activities of the joint standing committee (adoption of 2 reports: dust control; general conditions in the ceramics industry; publication of 2 booklets on: dust extraction systems; safe operation of ceramic kilns); standardisation of dust-extraction systems, and of personal protective clothing; elimination of hydrofluoric acid for cleaning gold splatter, reduction of use of straw in packing, substitution of vegetable for mineral oils on roller turning machines); role of the Ceramics Industry Advisory Committee and of the Factory Inspectorate (problems of: silica content of quartz sand/calcined sand mixture substituted for flint milling (calcined flint dust hazard); lead; hazardous machinery; high-temperature kilns (substitution of low-temperature drying stoves); industrial premises; housekeeping; training. Table of reported accidents 1971-77, with breakdown by type of accident or cause; statistics of lead poisoning cases.
HSE Report, H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1979. Illus. 15p. Price: £0.75.
Commonwealth Department of Productivity.
Safety and Health at Work - Summary of legislation.
Summary of Australian Commonwealth and State Acts, regulations and other statutory instruments concerning all aspects of occupational safety and health (OSH) listed and analysed under the following headings: constitutional position (role of Commonwealth and State governments in OSH legislation); statutory responsibilities (Commonwealth and State labour inspectorates); scope of State Acts (by State: New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, Northern Territory); industries and occupations covered; occupational diseases; workers' compensation; civil liability aspects; comparative examples of OSH legislation in the United Kingdom, USA, Canada, Sweden. Annex:classiffied list of Australian OSH legislation currently in force, by State, indicating industrial sectors, hazards and other OSH aspects regulated.
Occupational Safety and Health Working Environment Series 4, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, Australia, 1979. 31p.
Health and Safety Executive.
Construction - Health and Safety 1977-78.
Report of H.M. Chief Inspector of Factories: accident statistics for 1977 and 1978 (9 months); health problems (asbestos and silica dust, toxic substances, confined spaces, welding, noise, vibration, ionising radiations, occupational health services, welfare); accidents, prosecutions; new entrants; safety policies, organisation of inspection. Fatal accidents in building and civil engineering were 131 in 1977 (154 in 1976), building alone: 100 in 1977 (117 in 1976); civil engineering: 31 (37 in 1976). Total reported accidents: 31,860 in 1977 (34,611 in 1976; 8% reduction). For first 9 months of 1978: 107 fatal and 25,344 reported accidents. Tables show incidence rates by severity of injury (1973-1977) and fatal accidents in 1977 by cause. Breakdown of roof work fatalities (19% of all fatal accidents). List of technical data notes, guidance notes, codes of practice, other literature, safety films; statistical tables; model safety check list for construction sites.
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1979. 48p. Illus. 30 ref.
Technical inspection for maintenance and safety of cranes
Tehničeskij nadzor za soderžaniem i bezopasnoj ėkspluataciej gruzopod"emnyh kranov [in Russian]
Contents: structural characteristics of cranes (overhead travelling, portal, tower, and mobile jib cranes); conditions for mechanical equipment (brakes, stabilising jacks, wire ropes, hooks); safety and signalling equipment (limit switches, load limiters, load capacity and tip indicators, warning signals); lifting tackle (slings, lifting beams, clamps); technical inspection (State and departmental inspection services, technical documentation and records, plant visits); crane operation (training and certification of drivers; special case of overhead travelling cranes, mobile jib cranes and tower cranes); safety (at design stage, at installation, and during lifting of loads); loss prevention (inspection of welds, approval of cranes before being put into service); causes of damage and accidents.
Izdatel'stvo "Nedra", Tretjakovskij pr. 1/19, 103633 Moskva K-12, USSR, 1979. 142p. Illus. 9 ref. Price: Rbl.0.45.
Austrian Central Labour Inspectorate (Zentral-Arbeitsinspektorat).
The work of the Labour Inspectorate in 1978
Die Tätigkeit der Arbeitsinspektion im Jahre 1978 [in German]
This issue is entirely devoted to the work-in-progress report. Following details of the activity of the Inspectorate, with special reference to occupational accidents and diseases, the report describes some cases of particular interest or severity, suggesting preventive measures. List of national regulations and ILO Conventions of particular concern to the Inspectorate. Organisation and staff of the Inspectorate. Tables give statistical data on factory inspections, reported accidents and diseases, and inspectors' injunctions, with breakdown by industrial sector.
Amtliche Nachrichten des Bundesministeriums für soziale Verwaltung und des Bundesministeriums für Gesundheit und Umweltschutz, 28 Nov. 1979, Vol.35, No.11, p.705-795.
Wheeled vineyard and narrow tractors - Protective structures with 2 uprights in front - Dynamic and static test methods - Conditions for acceptance
Tracteurs vignerons et tracteurs étroits à roues - Bâtis de protection à deux montants en position avancée - Méthodes d'essai dynamique et statique - Conditions d'acceptation. [in French]
This standard contains safety specifications for protection in case of overturning. Contents: definitions; test equipment; preparation of tests (impact, load and crushing); operational procedures; reference point for driver's seat; dimensions of escape openings; conditions for acceptance; test protocol.
Norme française enregistrée NF U 02-047, French Standards Association (Association française de normalisation), Tour Europe, 92080 Paris-la-Défense Cedex 7, France, Oct. 1979. 21p. Illus.
Vineyard tractors and wheeled narrow tractors - Safety frames and cabs - Dynamic test methods - Conditions for acceptance
Tracteurs vignerons et tracteurs étroits à roues - Cadres et cabines de sécurité - Méthodes d'essai dynamique - Conditions d'acceptation. [in French]
This standard contains provisions for protection in case of overturning; it applies to tractors with at least 2 axles for pneumatic tyred wheels (mass >600kg, minimum rear wheel gauge, 1,150mm, ground clearance <600mm). Contents: definitions, test equipment; preparation of tests; operational procedure; dimensions of escape openings; tolerances; conditions for acceptance; test protocol; data to be provided concerning the safety frame or cab.
Norme française enregistrée NF U 02-046, French Standards Association (Association française de normalisation), Tour Europe, 92080 Paris-la-Défense Cedex 7, France, Oct. 1979. 21p. Illus.
AFS 1979:3, National Board of Occupational Safety and Health (Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen).
Inspections to detect rot in overhead line poles
Rötskadebesiktning av ledningsstolpar [in Swedish]
These directives (effective 1 Jan. 1980) concern wooden poles which have to be climbed by linesmen for various jobs. Inspection is aimed at preventing accidents due to reduced stability of poles. The first inspection should be carried out 20 years after erection of the line, and then every 8 years. Cases of rotting and degree of its advancement are to be noted in a log book. Instructions for marking dangerous poles (which should be replaced or strengthened), information for personnel required to work on deteriorated poles, and precautions to be taken before climbing any pole, whether marked or not. Commentaries on the substance of the directive, on hidden damage, on the liability of the owner of the installation.
Liber Förlag, 162 89 Vällingby, Sweden, 20 June 1979. 11p.
Practice for the inspection of elevators, escalators and moving walks - Inspectors' manual.
Fifth edition of this manual, approved 15 Feb. 1979 as an American National Standard, and co-sponsored by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards, the American Institute of Architects and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Intended to serve as a practical guide for inspectors, this enlarged edition is in general based on the rules of the Safety Code for elevators, dumbwaiters and escalators; ANSI A17.1-1972 (CIS 2511-1972, Jhup (203)); it also contains recommendations for the inspection of equipment. Attention is paid to the personal safety of inspectors in the introduction, and sections are devoted to: routine inspection; initial or acceptance inspection and tests; inspection of escalators; inspection and tests of moving walks. Appendices give details of clearances, wire rope constructions, various type of safety catch devices and governors, handling and socketing of wire rope, and relations of escalator parts. Subject index.
ANSI A17.2-1979, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, United Engineering Center, 345 East 47th Street, New York, N.Y. 10017, USA. 1979. 197p. Illus.
Activities of the National Board of Occupational Safety and Health and the Labour Inspectorate, 1978
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen och Yrkesinspektioner 1978 - Verksamhets berättelse [in Swedish]
This report gives statistics concerning the activity of the Inspectorate, and communications on the following themes: a new epoch in the prevention of occupational hazards - commentary on the new Workplace Environment Act (effective 1 July 1978) (Danielson G.); 25 new directives issued by the Labour Inspectorate (Westlin A.); harmful effects of organic solvents, cobalt etc., and toxicological research (Lundgren N.); a typical working week for the labour inspector (Westergren P.O.); a new data processing system for occupational accident and disease data (Lagerlöf E.); welding and brazing fumes - their composition and harmful effects (Ulfvarson U.); safety campaign publicity leaflets and literature giving information on safety rules (Holmström I.); the occupational medical research section at Umeå (Jonsson B.). Appended: list of directives and reports published in 1978; statistical tables; organigrams.
ADI 168, National Board of Occupational Safety and Health (Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen), Fack, 100 26 Stockholm, Sweden, 1979. 52p. Illus. Gratis.
Labour Inspectorate 1978
Arbejdstilsynet 1978 [in Danish]
This report gives statistics concerning the activities of the Inspectorate in 14 inspection areas and summarises the results of research and lessons learned from a number of serious accidents and hazardous incidents: use of epoxy resins (proved mutagenicity, suspected carcinogenicity; explanation of allergic mechanism); lighting and planning of construction sites; problems in newly installed offices (formaldehyde emanations, static electricity); employment of young persons; burst pipe and fire outbreak in a petroleum refinery; covering of channels for collecting liquid manure in cowsheds; occupational diseases; slaughterhouses and meat industry; car body painting; logging. Organisation of the labour inspection service, occupational accident statistics, legal aspects.
Directoratet for Arbejdstilsynet, Rosenvængets Allé 16-18, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, July 1979. 152p. Illus.
Annual report of the Inspectorate of Dock Labour, 1977
Jaarverslag - Inspectie van de havenarbeid - 1977 [in Dutch]
General survey of the organisation and activities of the Netherlands Inspectorate of Dock Labour, with particular reference to the enforcement and administration of occupational safety and health regulations, safety campaigns, vocational training and the occupational medical service of the Port of Rotterdam. The last chapter is devoted to occupational accidents and their causes (descriptions of accidents involving access on board, dangerous materials, hatches, unsafe stowing of cargo, and slinging, lifting and handing loads).
Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, Voorburg, Netherlands, May 1979. 37p.
Furniture and woodworking - Health and safety 1977 - A report by H.M. Factory Inspectorate.
This report, prepared by H.M. Factory Inspectorate's National Industry Group for the furniture and woodworking trades, contains sections devoted to: safeguarding of machinery (legal requirements; power feed devices; training and supervision); safe collection of woodwaste (dust explosion risk; sources of ignition; collection systems, ducting, collection units; precautions with collection units where there is a dust explosion risk; explosion vents or panels; fire fighting); wood dust health survey; nasal survey of furniture workers; noise suppression at source; practical advice on the construction of an acoustic enclosure for the multicutter moulding machine; duties of manufacturers and agents. Appendices: statistical tables on: reported accidents in the timber, furniture and woodworking industries, 1975-1977 (breakdown: power and non-power machinery, non-rail transport, falls of persons and of objects, tools, materials handling, etc.); accidents at woodworking machines, 1975-1977; prosecutions and enforcement notices.
Health and Safety Executive, London. H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1979. 24p. Illus. Price: £1.00.
Annual report of the Labour Inspectorate, 1978
Årsmelding fra Arbeidstilsynet 1978 [in Norwegian]
This report, containing several statistical tables, gives an overall picture of the activities of the Norwegian Directorate of Labour Inspection in 1978: competence and organisation of this body; projects and activities to improve the working environment in certain industries; statistical data on inspections carried out on reported occupational diseases (1976-1978); amendments of Norwegian occupational safety and health legislation; work of the legal department; international cooperation.
Directorate of Labour Inspection (Direktoratet for arbeidstilsynet), Postboks 8103 Dep., Oslo 1, Norway, 1979. 28p.
Falling into the safety net.
This article, written by an official of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), reviews briefly the new occupations now covered by occupational safety and health (OSH) legislation in the United Kingdom since the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (CIS 74-2099) became effective. These "new entrants" include such diverse work activities as school administration and teaching personnel, fairground workers, hospital staff, window cleaners, refuse collectors, gravediggers, etc. who received little or no protection at work under previous OSH legislation. The article refers to 4 pilot studies on some of these newly-covered activities (water services, hospital services and educational establishments, with 2 smaller studies on workers employed in fairgrounds and licensed clubs) carried out by HSE, with considerations on the aspects of: relevance of usual OSH precautions in special situations such as research laboratories; degree of protection; aims of inspection and establishment of appropriate OSH standards in these new areas.
Department of Employment Gazette, Mar. 1979, Vol.87, No.3. p.256-257.
Annual Report of the Netherlands Labour Inspectorate for 1977
Jaarverslag Arbeidsinspectie, 1977 [in Dutch]
Contents: reorganisation of the Inspectorate staff; computerisation of administrative work; drafting of regulations (retail shops, reduction of hours of work, night work, bakeries); occupational safety and health (industry, electrical safety; agriculture and forestry, pesticides, inland waterway shipping, use of nuclear energy); approval of machinery and tools; activities in the field of occupational medicine and hygiene; workpost improvement; international contacts; other activities (transport of hazardous substances; protection of the general public, etc.); staffing of the Inspectorate and training courses. Statistical tables concerning workplace inspection activities are appended.
General Directorate of Labour (Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Voorburg, Mar. 1979. Ministerie van Sociale Zaken, Stafafd. Externe Betrekkingen, Zeestraat 73, Den Haag, Netherlands, 1979. 110p. Illus.
Occupational safety and health in Poland: legislation, supervision and promotion.
La sécurité et l'hygiène du travail en Pologne: législation, contrôle et amélioration. [in French]
This article, writien by the Minister of Labour, Wages and Social Affairs of Poland, first summarises the provisions of the Polish Labour Code concerning occupational safety and health (OSH): design and construction of establishments and machinery; training, health protection and medical care, personal protective clothing and equipment, occupational safety and health plans, special benefits for particularly arduous work, protection of women and young persons. The article then defines the responsibility of plant managers in the field of OSH (in this the manager is assisted and supervised by an OSH service) and reviews the system for supervising observance of OSH provisions, made up of the following bodies: the labour inspection services of the trade unions, the Social Labour Inspectorate, the State Health Inspectorate, the Board of Mines, and the Office of Technical Supervision. The article concludes with considerations on the role and organisation of the Central Institute for Labour Protection and the major programme of on-going research on the elimination of occupational hazards and the protection of man in the working environment, with reference to international collaboration, particularly with the ILO.
International Labour Review - Revue internationale du Travail - Revista internacional del trabajo, Mar.-Apr. 1979, Vol.118, No.2, p.179-190.
Regulation of 1978 on the requirements of appointment, authority and obligation of the safety inspector and expert [Indonesia]
Topics: Indonesia; information of personnel; labour inspectors; law; plant safety organization; plant safety supervision; qualifications; role of labour inspection; safety officers.
Photocopy, 3p. On file at CIS.
Ministry of Labor.
Occupational safety and health standards.
Compendium of standards issued by the Ministry of Labour on 8 Dec. 1978. Definitions, inspection, duties of employers and workers, definition of hazardous workplaces, OSH training, safety committees, recordkeeping and notification of occupational accidents and diseases, industrial premises, manholes, railings, overhead walkways, TLVs, lighting, ventilation, personal protective equipment, hazardous substances, gas and electric welding and cutting, underground tanks, confined spaces, explosives, boilers and pressure vessels, unfired pressure vessels (compressors, compressed air tanks, gas cylinders), guarding of machinery, electrical safety, personnel and goods lifts, construction industry, fire prevention, use of chemicals in agriculture, plant medical and dental services, fees for inspections and certificates, inspection authorities and procedures. List of over 400 chemicals with their TLVs in the Philippines.
Safety Organization of the Philippines, Room 501 Guido Ver Building, España, Philippines, 1978. 240p.
Health and Safety Executive.
Coal mines - Health and safety 1978.
This is the first part of the report of the Chief Inspector of Mines and Quarries. There was a slight reduction in the number of reportable accidents below ground (171 in 1977; 162 in 1978), but a considerable increase in surface reportable accidents (from 63 to 84), with almost treble the number of fatalities (from 6 to 17). Curves for all accidents, falls of ground, and accidents during haulage and transport for 1947-1978 are given. Aspects reported are: accidents (support of workings, underground transport, machines, shafts, surface, other); dangerous occurrences; environment (ventilation, noise, airborne dust, with pneumoconiosis trends for 1958-1978); rescue services; mechanical engineering; electrical engineering; civil engineering. Appendices give statistics and a detailed analysis of electrical fires.
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1978. 32p. Illus. Price: £1.50.
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington D.C.
Field operations manual.
Updated edition (1978) of one of a series of volumes, issued by OSHA to facilitate reference to the full text of standards and regulations from the Code of Federal Regulations, and their interpretation. This volume contains sections concerning: use of this manual, organisation of inspection and compliance, general inspection procedures, complaints, entry into workplaces; infringements; imminent danger; citations, prosecutions and penalties; field procedures and reports; industrial hygiene and occupational health (chemical, physical, biological and biomechanical hazards; training of industrial hygienists; air sampling and analysis, time-weighted average (TWA) concentrations; recordkeeping); accident investigation, etc.
OSHA 2081, Vol.5, Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. 20402, USA, 1978. 275p. Illus. Price: US-$8.00 (US-$10.00: foreign shipment).
Occupational safety and health manual intended for the Labour Inspectorate
Manual de seguridad e higiene ocupacionales para la Inspección del trabajo [in Spanish]
Contents of Vol.I: physical protection of workers and labour inspection; historical trends in occupational safety and health; occupational accidents and diseases (rates, statistics and costs); workplaces; stairs, ladders and platforms; personnel and goods lifts; fire prevention and fire fighting; flammable substances; tools; machine guarding; grinding wheels; wood and metal-working machines; electricity; static electricity. Vol.II: pressure vessels; boilers and steam generators; materials handling and storage; maintenance work; welding and cutting; health hazards and counter-measures; ventilation of industrial premises; lighting; temperature extremes and humidity; dust; occupational dermatitis; noise; radiation; toxic substances. Vol.III: basic knowledge concerning the most frequently occurring occupational diseases; personal protective equipment; respiratory tract protection; personal hygiene in factories; safety planning. Appended: measuring instruments used in industrial hygiene, TLVs, safety guide for industrial plants and installations, useful definitions for inspectors.
REG. 35/SH-23, Interamerican Center for Labor Administration (Centro interamericano de administración del trabajo, CIAT), Lima, Peru, 1978. 2nd edition, 3 vol. 573p. Bibl.
Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour, Chandigarh.
Statistics of factories: 1971 and 1972
Review of the enforcement of the Factories Act, 1948, during the period 1971-1972. A chapter on industrial injuries gives all-India statistics of the number and frequency rates of fatal and non-fatal injuries in factories submitting returns (1963-1972). A breakdown of injuries by industry and by state, for 1971 and 1972, is given in appended tables. The highest injury (fatal and non-fatal) rate was in the cotton textile industry, with 31.22% of the national total in 1971, and 36.05% in 1972, followed by the jute, hemp and mesta textile industry with 23.5% and 14.72% respectively in 1971 and 1972. Other statistical tables give breakdown by age and sex (1971-72) and by causes of injury (in descending order: power-driven machinery, 31.25% of total in 1971 and 27.77% in 1972; material handling; stepping on or striking against objects; falling objects; hand tools); average number of man-days lost due to non-fatal injuries (1971-72); injuries due to machinery in the cotton and silk industry (1971-72); time lost; frequency and severity rates. Chapter on occupational health in the different states with aspects such as humidification and ventilation in cotton mills. Other chapters are devoted to: inspection of occupational safety and health measures and welfare facilities in the different states; inspections and complaints.
Controller of Publications, Civil Lines, Delhi, India, 1978. 320p. Price: £5.18 or US-$15.95.
Current situation and trends in worker protection
Der Arbeitsschutz und seine Entwicklung [in German]
On the occasion of the 125th anniversary of the Labour Inspectorate of the Federal Republic of Germany, the author takes stock of West German occupational safety and health (OSH) organisation and legislation: historical background and current activities of the Labour Inspectorate in the federal system; work of the Federal Ministry of Labour and of the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and Accident Research (BAU); trends in legislation; relations between labour law and worker protection law; drafting of regulations; dualism of OSH regulations and factory inspection; the Technical Supervisory Associations (TÜV); the Machinery Guarding Act; the Act concerning occupational safety and health, plant physicians, safety engineers and safety specialists; the Hazardous Substances Ordinance; the Workplaces Ordinance; the Young Workers Protection Act; the Works Constitution Act (provisions concerning the supervisory functions, rights (especially of co-determination and membership of the works councils); the Administrative Procedure Act; importance of safety regulations; generally recognised technical rules; knowledge acquired through labour studies; exceptions; observance of regulations in practice; humanisation of work; workers' opinion on OSH questions; OSH organisation in the EEC member states. Texts and lists of regulations are appended.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Unfallforschung, Postfach 170202, 4600 Dortmund 1, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1978. 227p. Illus. Price: DM.35.00.
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