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Safety and health information - 550 entries found

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  • Safety and health information

1995

CIS 96-494 Moore C.
Using the INTERNET to access health and safety resources
Guidance document to the use of INTERNET in accessing occupational safety and health (OSH) information. Contents: scope and currency of the publication (current as of Sep. 1995; all the software described is shareware or free software for IBM-compatible computers running MS WindowsTM); general information on the Internet; E-mail discussions; mailing lists; Usenet newsgroups; Telnet; File Transfer Protocol (FTP); Gopher services and clients; World Wide Web (WWW) servers and clients; getting connected to the Internet. In annex: glossary; selected OSH resources on the Internet.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton Ont. L8N 1H6, Canada, 1995. 66p. Illus. Index.

CIS 96-771 Ignatowski A.J., Weiler E.D.
Managing material safety data sheets world-wide
The development of a centralized system for the world-wide management of material safety data sheets (MSDSs) within multinational enterprises is described. Problems related to differences in national MSDS requirements are discussed, including the definition of "hazardous chemical" and disclosure requirements for component chemicals in mixtures, treatment of trade secret information, and format and language requirements. The scheme is based on a concept of core and noncore data elements along with a centralized computer network. The system is operative in the USA, Canada, Latin America and Europe; MSDSs are provided in six languages and contain locally required data in the appropriate format for the country.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, July 1995, Vol.56, No.7, p.698-705. 36 ref.

CIS 95-2047 Donagi A., Chereisky M.
Safety communication and the role of an OSH information center
The concepts of "safety information" and "safety communication" are analyzed and used in a study of a large national information centre in the field of occupational safety and health (OSH). A system analysis is made of the structure and operation of this centre. It provides, primarily, answers to requests from OSH professionals, plant managers, workers in specific occupations and their representatives, etc., and is, also, a source of targeted and general information in its field of activity.
Israel Journal of Occupational Health, 1995, Vol.1, No.1, p.35-55. Illus. 33 ref.

CIS 95-2062 Administration report of the Department of Labour for the year 1993
Four chapters of this annual report touch on occupational safety and health: "Library Services", "Factories Division", "Division of Occupational Hygiene" and "Foreman Training Institute". The chapter on the Factories Division reports 26 fatal accidents (33 victims) and 3417 non-fatal accidents in premises subject to the Factories Ordinance (CIS 88-1416, 88-1417). Research, inspection, exposure assessment, information and training activities of the units are summarized.
Department of Labour, Labour Secretariat, Kirula Road, Colombo 5, Sri Lanka, no date [distributed 1995]. 61p.

CIS 95-2212 GESTIS - Information system on dangerous substances
GESTIS - Gefahrstoffinformationssystem der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften [in German]
This booklet describes the complex information system on dangerous substances managed by the German Mutual Professional Associations for Accident Insurance (Berufsgenossenschaften). Contents: the purpose of the system; design; the standardized coding system for GESTIS; storage and use of data; structure (internal and external - possibilities of interconnection with outside databases such as DIMDI (Deutsches Institut für medizinische Dokumentation und Information), ECHO (European Commission Host Organization) and CHEMSAFE); central database on products and substances (DOK-MEGA); documentation on occupational diseases (BK-DOK); dangerous substances included in the ZIGUV documentation (CAS, TOXALL; SIGEDA, CHEMSAFE); users of GeSi; information system on dangerous substances managed by the Berufsgenossenschaften der Bauwirtschaft; decentralized databases for medical surveillance (ODIN, ZA, ZeBWis).
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (HVBG), Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53754 Sankt Augustin, Germany, March 1995. 35p. Illus.

CIS 95-1676 Kusenberg W., von Ohle J., Quittek T., Trapp U.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz
Occupational safety and health - Thesaurus (I: Alphabetic part; II: Systematic part)
Arbeitsschutz - Thesaurus (I: Alphabetischer Teil; II: Systematischer Teil) [in German]
Facet-based thesaurus of 4,880 German-language terms used in the field of occupational safety and health. The terms are those used as descriptors (Hauptschlagwörter) by the LITDOK database of the Bundesanstalt. There are 17 main facet headings: A - General OSH; B - Occupational medicine and psychology; C - Work and safety organization; D - Technology and safety technology; E - Work equipment; F - Transportation and traffic; G - The work environment; H - Dangerous substances; I - Products; K - Activities and processes; L - Occupations; M - Economic sectors; N - Environmental protection; Q - Knowledge, information and documentation; S - Social sciences (including economics), social policies; T - Natural sciences (including medicine); U - Other (geography, persons, institutions, media etc.).
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1995. 2 vols. (xii, 201p. + xi, 191p.)

CIS 95-1555 Decision No. 19/MTEAS/DC/SRT on the establishment and role of an information network on occupational health and safety issues [Benin]
Arrêté No. 19/MTEAS/DC/SRT portant création et attributions du réseau d'information sur la sécurité et la santé au travail en République du Bénin [Bénin] [in French]
This order established an information network dealing with safety and health issues in Benin. Its duties are to collect information from public services as well as from private enterprises, for processing in a machine-readable format and dissemination to social partners at the national level.
Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et des Affaires sociales, Direction du Travail, Cotonou, Republic of Benin, 1995. 2p.

CIS 95-1480 Guidelines for process safety documentation
Introductory chapters of this manual provide an overview of process safety documentation including accountability and records management. Remaining chapters describe documentation issues associated with various elements of process safety management: process knowledge; process hazard analysis; chemical process quantitative risk analysis; process equipment integrity; human factors; management of change; operating procedures; training; emergency response; auditing; incident investigation; standards, codes and regulations; contractor issues; permit-to-work systems; control software documentation. Final chapters cover document life cycle and emerging technologies, research and development.
Center for Chemical Process Safety, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017, USA, 1995. xxvi, 386p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 120.00 USA and Canada; USD 170.00 elsewhere.

1994

CIS 97-804 Antonsson A.B.
Co-ordinated internal control for health, the environment and safety
Samordnad internkontroll för hälsa - miljö - säkerhet [in Swedish]
The active participation of management, through the introduction of appropriate methods and routines, is essential for the creation of a good working environment. Internal control is about these methods, as they apply to the systematic planning, management and monitoring of the business. This manual will guide companies in developing a system for internal control, not only to implement the requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Act and the Ordinance on internal control of the working environment (AFS 1992:6, CIS 94-2), but also to strengthen the whole company by coordinating the system with related areas such as the external environment, quality assurance systems and fire protection. It covers: explanation of what internal control is; the employer's responsibilities; awareness of hazards and development of plans; follow-up of accidents, work-related diseases, incidents, sick leave, staff turnover and early retirements; rehabilitation; integration of new employees; maintenance and service; routines for purchasing; planning the working environment and the external environment while changing production; external environment; responsibility for coordination; regulations; safety data sheets and lists of chemicals; internal control and quality assurance; product safety; fire protection; electricity safety; alcohol and drugs; equality; immigrants; occupational safety and health services.
Arbetarskyddsnämnden, Box 3208, 103 64, Stockholm, Sweden, 1994. 190p. Illus. Price: SEK 384.00.

CIS 95-1760 Swuste P., Hale A.
Databases on measures to prevent occupational exposure to toxic substances
This article examines some databanks concerned with providing information on practical experience in the prevention of occupational exposure to health-threatening factors. The selection, storage and retrieval of relevant records are studied along with the effectiveness of existing databanks in transferring information between companies and industries. The databanks provide descriptive and condensed information, including graphic presentations of the solution, and are primarily aimed at a non-specialist audience. The main function of existing databanks is to stimulate creativity among user-groups rather than provide clear-cut solutions to be implemented immediately. Large company databanks seem to meet a demand when incorporated within a broader health and safety company policy. The generalizability of preventive measures is not guaranteed in the present databanks, due to the lack of a classification of solutions and processes that would allow the user to find relevant solutions across industry boundaries.
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Jan. 1994, Vol.9, No.1, p.57-61. 15 ref.

CIS 95-1543 Schütte M.
Investigation into the subjectively perceived significance of various strain dimensions for informational load
Information processing technology-oriented jobs require absorption, processing and conversion of information. Such activities involve psychological load and strain. Uni- or multidimensional strain measurement methods allow the recording of psychological strain according to a particular aspect. Motor, visual, temporal, mental and memory strain dimensions were preselected, and repeated assessments of these strain dimensions using the paired comparison method were made. Two subgroups, homogeneous in terms of their assessments of the significance of strain dimension, were identified. They differed in terms of the importance they attached to temporal strain. Thus, specific causes of strain can be determined by assessment of strain dimensions.
Work and Stress, Jan.-Mar. 1994, Vol.8, No.1, p.47-59. Illus. 34 ref.

CIS 95-1069 Safety data sheet for chemical products - Part I: Content and order of sections
Fiches de données de sécurité pour les produits chimiques - Partie 1: Contenu et plan type [in French]
This part of ISO 11014 presents information required for the compilation and completion of a Safety Data Sheet for Chemical Products (SDS). It defines specifically the general layout of the SDS, the 16 standard headings, the numbering and the sequence of these 16 standard headings, the items necessary to fill an SDS and the conditions of their applicability or utilization. This part of the standard does not define a fixed format, nor does it include an actual SDS to be filled in.
International Organization for Standardization, Case Postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1994. iii, 7p.

CIS 95-1031 Wastes and their treatment - Information sources
This directory lists organizational sources of information on wastes and their treatment. Organizations are listed by geographical area and include the following details: contact name and address; brief description of activities; working language; geographical coverage; type of organization; terms of access. A subject index is included. Also provided is an international annotated bibliography on industrial wastes classified into 12 major themes with an author and subject index. An introductory chapter outlines the problems of hazardous waste management and the activities of UNEP and INFOTERRA.
INFOTERRA Programme Activity Centre, The Global Environmental Information Exchange Network, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), P.O. Box 30552, Nairobi, Kenya, 1994. xvi, 1152p. Index.

CIS 95-691 Tsai-Koester L.H.
Harmonization of Environmental Measurement (HEM)
A survey of environmental monitoring and information management programmes
This survey provides details of 130 programmes concerned with environmental monitoring and assessment. There are three parts: environmental monitoring and research programmes; data and information system programmes; and harmonization and standardization activities. Data provided for each entry includes name and address of organization, contact name, details of the activities undertaken and data and information management.
GSF Research Centre for Environment and Health, Neuherberg, Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Oberschleissheim, Germany, 3rd ed., Aug. 1994. iv, 360p. 17 ref. Index.

CIS 95-571 Fonn S., Becklake M.R.
Documentation of ill-health effects of occupational exposure to grain dust through sequential, coherent epidemiologic investigation
This review describes the evolution in epidemiological methods (study design, outcome, and exposure measurements and target population) in relation to knowledge gained concerning the pathological effects of occupational exposure to grain dust over the past three decades. The clinical conditions associated with grain dust exposure are briefly described. Thereafter, the study approaches used to investigate grain-related conditions (clinical studies, prevalence studies including unexposed workers, short-term response to exposure, longitudinal studies, and studies documenting dose-response relationships) are discussed. The objective is to illustrate the strength of sequential, coherent epidemiological investigation into the ill effects of a particular work environment on human health.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Feb. 1994, Vol.20, No.1, p.13-21. 43 ref.

CIS 95-277
National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (Worksafe Australia)
National code of practice for the preparation of material safety data sheets
This code of practice provides practical guidance on meeting the requirements for material safety data sheets (MSDSs) under the National Model Regulations for the Control of Workplace Hazardous Substances [NOHSC: 1005 (1994)]. Details are given of the information to be included in the MSDS: general content and format of MSDSs; introductory and company details; product identification and physical properties; health hazard information; precautions for use; safe handling information; other relevant information; contact point. In appendix: information sources relevant to the preparation of MSDSs; use of generic names; MSDS checklist.
Australian Government Publishing Service, GPO Box 84, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia, Mar. 1994. ix, 83p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 95-114 Tencer G.M.
Electronic communication for hygienists: Bulletin board systems
Discussion of how electronic bulletin boards systems (BBSs) work, and what these systems can be used for. Hardware and software needed to use BBSs are outlined. A list of BBSs useful to safety and health professionals are given.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Mar. 1994, Vol.55, No.3, p.257-260.

CIS 94-1806 Council Regulation (EC) No.2062/94 of 18 July 1994 establishing a European Agency for Safety and Health at Work [European Communities]
Règlement (CE) n°2062/94 du Conseil, du 18 juillet 1994, instituant une Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail [Communautés européennes] [in French]
This directive defines the objective and role of the Agency to be established in Bilbao (Spain), whose responsibiliy will be mainly to provide the Community Bodies and the Member States with technical, scientific and economic information in the field of safety and health at work. The Agency shall set up an information network of national focal points. The legal status, the constitution of the administrative board and the budget and work programme of the Agency are described.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 20 Aug. 1994, Vol.37, No.L.216, p.1-7.

CIS 94-1914
Health and Safety Executive
Translations Bulletin April-June 1994
This quarterly catalogue lists all translations completed on behalf of Health and Safety Executive personnel during the previous quarter. Entries cover a range of occupational safety and health topics. The title, author and reference are given for each item and an order form is included.
HSE Information Services, Language Services Unit, Harpur Hill, Buxton, Derbyshire SK17 9JN, United Kingdom, 1994. ii, 13p.

CIS 94-1580 Wallin K.G.
Thesaurus for the work environment
Bilingual (English, Swedish) thesaurus of work environment terms used for subject searching of the Swedish database Arbline. The terms are grouped according to 21 main subject areas: environment; working life; industrial branches and services; operation and work processes; equipment and technical systems; materials and products; chemicals; groups of persons; building and facilities; social systems and society; physics; methods, measurement and investigations; disciplines; anatomy and body regions; body fluids, tissues and cells; physiology; diseases, disorders and accidents; organisms (i.e. animals, plants and microorganisms); toxicology; generalities; countries, regions and organizations. Alphabetic index in both languages.
Arbetsmiljöbiblioteket, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1994. i, 146p.

CIS 94-1676 Gambrill J.P.
Waste management international. Yearbook of products and services 1994
This directory provides a listing of companies providing products and services for waste management. Entries are arranged by country and include (where available) details of the company name and address, contact name, parent and associate companies, company notes, a description of the products and services provided and names of distributors. A foreword reviews waste management policies and legislation in various countries.
John Wiley and Sons Ltd., Baffins Lane, Chichester, West Sussex PO19 1UD, United Kingdom, 1994. xxiv, 186p. Illus. Index. Price: GBP 75.00.

CIS 94-1221
International Social Security Association (ISSA)
Health and safety at work - Register of databases - CD-ROM, online, videotex
Worldwide register of computerized databases (full-text and bibliographic) dealing completely or partially with occupational safety and health topics. Altogether there are 81 listings for CD-ROM disks, 115 for on-line databases (many of them available as well on one or more CD-ROM disks) and 8 for teletex databases (all of them on the French MINITEL system). For each database, information is given on: title of the database; information provider; publisher; vendor(s); database type; language; subject; abstract; coverage (national or international); timespan; updating (including number of records). Introduction in English, French, Dutch, German and Spanish.
Association nationale pour la prévention des accidents du travail (ANPAT), rue Gachard 88, bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1994. 135p. 4 ref. Index.

CIS 94-1177 The MSDS pocket dictionary: What does an MSDS mean? - Terms used on MSDSs
El diccionario de bolsillo de las MSDS. Qué significa una MSDS? - Términos usados en las MSDS [in Spanish]
Spanish translation of the pocket guide abstracted under CIS 94-136. It provides a detailed description of the format of MSDSs and of the information contained in them. Includes a glossary of terms and abbreviations found on warning labels and in MSDSs.
Genium Publishing Corporation, One Genium Plaza, Schenectady, NY 12304-4690, USA, 1994. 85p. Illus. Price: USD 4.18 (per copy, for a minimum order of 10 copies), lower prices for large-quantity orders.

1993

CIS 96-1545 Register of exposure to carcinogens [Sweden]
Register vid exposition för cancerframkallande ämnen [in Swedish]
This regulation was adopted on 25 November 1993 and is an adaptation of EEC Directive 90/394/EEC (CIS 90-1758). It applies to all work with carcinogenic substances. The employer has to keep a register of exposed workers, carcinogenic substances, descriptions of work and levels of exposure. Recommendations for compliance with the regulation are appended.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, Box 1300, 171 25 Solna, Sweden, 1993. 8p.

CIS 94-1456 Order of 19 March 1993 establishing, pursuant to article R.237-8 of the Labour Code, the list of dangerous work categories requiring a written safety policy [France]
Arrêté du 19 mars 1993 fixant, en application de l'article R.237-8 du Code du travail, la liste des travaux dangereux pour lesquels il est établi par écrit un plan de prévention [France] [in French]
List of 21 occupational categories for which French legislation prescribes a written safety policy, namely work involving: exposure to ionizing radiation; exposure to pathogenic organisms; workplaces classified as dangerous; exposure to extreme temperatures; exposure to average noise levels > 90dB(A) or peak acoustic pressures > 140dB; danger of drowning or being buried by earth; setting up or dismantling heavy prefabricated elements; demolition; high atmospheric pressure; oxyacetylene welding necessitating a permit; etc.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 1993, No.53, p.4977-4978. Originally published in Journal officiel, 27 Mar. 1993, p.4977-4978.

CIS 94-1526 Preparing a brochure on occupational safety and health information
This booklet provides guidance on preparing a national promotional brochure on occupational safety and health information. The objectives of the brochure are described along with the format, contents and general principles. A model brochure is included.
ILO-FINNIDA Asian-Pacific Regional Programme on Occupational Safety and Health, c/o ILO ROAP, United Nations Building, 10200 Bangkok, Thailand, Nov. 1993. 4p.

CIS 94-1525 Establishing a bulletin on occupational safety and health
This booklet describes the objectives of a bulletin on occupational safety and health and provides guidance on starting such a bulletin, on its contents, editing, funding and personnel resources, technical facilities, distribution and development. A sample bulletin is included.
ILO-FINNIDA Asian-Pacific Regional Programme on Occupational Safety and Health, c/o ILO ROAP, United Nations Building, 10200 Bangkok, Thailand, Nov. 1993. 8p.

CIS 94-1560 Gomez M.R.
A proposal to develop a national occupational exposure databank
The rationale and strategy to develop a US national occupational exposure databank (NOED) are described. The NOED would support exposure assessment activities that are needed for risk assessment and risk management goals, including exposure assessment research, epidemiological investigations, surveillance, and policy and programme design and evaluation. By defining exposures and the parameters associated with them in various industries and jobs, the NOED would also focus increased attention on the need to reduce occupational health hazards. The proposed NOED would contain exposure measurements and information about exposure determinants, and it would rely initially on data from compliance-related activities in the federal sector. The criteria needed for an effective databank are discussed, along with the need to improve the methods now available to capture and code exposure determinants. The possible future expansion of the NOED to include data from private employers is discussed.
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Sep. 1993, Vol.8, No.9, p.768-774. 65 ref.

CIS 94-1585 Cocco P., Cherchi R., Cherchi P., Onnis R., Daga G., Pisano M.
Problems of inference from hypothesis-generating studies on lung cancer and occupation based on routine hospital records
A hospital-based case-control study on 567 male lung cancer patients and 906 controls illustrated the shortcomings of the technique. Possible causes of bias are: poor details on occupational information, large proportion of exclusion due to incomplete information, cardiovascular diseases as the prevalent diagnosis among controls, problems in comparing data from different hospitals. The limitations of using inference from hypothesis-generating case-control studies based upon routine hospital records outweigh the advantages of the ready availability of these databases. Summary in Italian.
Medicina del lavoro, Sep.-Oct. 1993, Vol.84, No.5, p.355-361. 13 ref.

CIS 94-1166 WHODOC - List of recent WHO publications and documents
WHODOC - Liste des publications et documents récents OMS [in French]
This annual catalogue (1993) provides details of WHO publications, articles in WHO periodicals, WHO technical and policy documents, press releases produced by WHO and associated agencies and books and articles arising from WHO programmes and published elsewhere. Entries cover a range of medical and health topics including occupational health and medicine. Ordering details are included.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1993. viii, 245p.

CIS 94-1289 Gold L.S., Manley N.B., Slone T.H., Garfinkel G.B., Rohrbach L., Ames B.N.
The fifth plot of the Carcinogenic Potency Database - Results of animal bioassays published in the general literature through 1988 and by the National Toxicology Program through 1989
This supplement includes results of 412 long-term, chronic experiments of 147 test compounds, and reports the same information about each experiment in the same plot format as the earlier papers: the species and strain of test animal, the route and duration of compound administration, dose level and other aspects of experimental protocol, histopathology and tumour incidence, TD50 (carcinogenic potency) and its statistical significance, dose response, author's opinion about carcinogenicity, and literature citation. Readers are referred to the 1984 publications for a guide to the plot of the database, a complete description of the numerical index of carcinogenic potency, and other information. In all, the five plots include results of 4,487 experiments on 1,136 chemicals. Updated results based on all five plots are given for the following earlier analyses: the most potent TD50 values by species, reproducibility of bioassay results, positivity rates, and prediction between species.
Environmental Health Perspectives, Apr. 1993, Vol.100, p.65-135. 84 ref.

CIS 94-961 Schröder B.
Twelve steps to the successful introduction of an information system on hazardous substances in a large company
Zwölf Schritte bis zur erfolgreichen Einführung eines Gefahrstoff-Informationssystems in einem Grossbetrieb [in German]
A German airline company created an information processing and retrieval system over a period of four years. It contains data on the hazards posed by 3,500 substances or products used by the company. It also provides information on exposure limits, physical properties, first aid, fire fighting and personal protection requirements. The information service can be accessed from all offices of the company around the world.
Die BG, Aug. 1993, No.8, p.474-478. Illus.

CIS 94-887 French Society of Occupational Medicine - 24 October 1992 Meeting
Société française de médecine du travail - Séance du 24 octobre 1992 [in French]
Summary of papers presented at the 24 Oct. 1992 Meeting of the French Society of Occupational Medicine. Titles: "Infos Risques": a documentation service on occupational and industrial hazards - survey of 18 months of operation; a contribution to the study of lung fibrogenicity of right and left isomers of α-quartz (natural quartz); contribution of analytical transmission electron microscopy to the assessment of exposure to mineral particles in humans; bronchial non-specific hyperreactivity and occupational exposure to mineral oils; a case of toxic hepatitis caused by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4); asbestos-related round atelectasis.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1993, Vol.54, No.5, p.440-443.

CIS 94-851 Martin J.M., Lemoine P., Mouaddib A.I., Robaux P.
DST: A risk-based method and tool for the description of work situations
D.S.T.: Une méthode et un outil pour la description de situations de travail orientée vers les risques [in French]
The description of workstations is a difficult but essential activity for the occupational physician. This article suggests a method and software that would permit a risk-based description of workplaces and work situations. It emphasizes the usefulness of defining objectives before undertaking workplace studies. This operational suggestion is only a part of a more global system designed to facilitate occupational risk surveillance inside companies. Annex: Job description of a coal-mine worker.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1993, Vol.54, No.5, p.403-409. Illus. 28 ref.

CIS 94-620 Takala J.
CD-ROMs and databases as vehicles for chemical safety information
The information sciences are rapidly evolving and incorporating microelectronic technologies. Databases on CD-ROMs are increasingly used by safety professionals all over the world. This review explains existing data options and describes strategies for combining information from different sources. Tests using various data-searching techniques were carried out. The results indicate that CD-ROM software is increasingly designed to make searching for information easier for individuals who are not professional information specialists. A model relational database management system was prepared as part of a decision-support system for safety professionals. A survey of more than 100 databases available internationally is provided.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Nov. 1993, Vol.54, No.11, p.683-696. Illus. 46 ref.

CIS 94-562 Martin J.M., Frache A., Delfino S.
Surveillance of occupational hazards and computerized job histories
Surveillance des risques professionnels et reconstitutions de carrière informatisées [in French]
A microcomputer-based database was used to establish job histories for 20,000 French workers of an enterprise in the primary sector. Forty physical and chemical hazards were identified and assigned to 1,460 different job types. Thanks to the database, a correlation was established between personal health records and exposure histories tied to job type, while strict confidentiality was maintained.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1993, Vol.54, No.6, p.463-470. 6 ref. Annexes.

CIS 94-545 Safety Databank - The working environment, the social and health fields [Finland]
Turva - Työelämän, sosiaali- ja terveysalojen tietopankki [in Finnish]
Databases from eleven Finnish organizations dealing with occupational, social and health issues. Databases from the following producers are relevant to OSH professionals: Painatuskeskus Oy (full-text versions of Finnish legislation concerning labour, social and health issues, including occupational safety and health); Säteilyturvakeskus (Library catalogue of the Radiation Protection Centre, with 8500 records; 1982); Teknillinen tarkastuskeskus (two databases, TASSU and VARO, with factual information on various workplace hazards, e.g. pressure vessels, dangerous chemicals and processes, mining equipment; also accident descriptions); Työterveyslaitos (three databases, LEO, TYKI, and TAVI, the first two containing Finnish and international bibliographic information on OSH-related matters, 26,000 and 20,000 records, respectively; TAVI contains information on OSH-related research projects in Finland, 370 records).
Painatuskeskus, PL 516 Vastauslähetys, Sopimus 00430/8, 00003 Helsinki, Finland, 1993. 1 CD-ROM disk (search software on the CD-ROM). Price: FIM 2,150.00 (network version: FIM 5,450.00).

CIS 94-244 Sevilla J.M.
International directory of databases and data banks in occupational health
This Directory describes about 200 public and private databases in 30 countries as well as databases produced by international organizations. Each record is divided into 18 fields, 7 of them being searchable on the diskette: name, acronym, type of database, country, access by, languages, content. The first edition of this Directory was published in 1987 (see CIS 88-474).
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2nd edition, 1993. approx. 200p. with 3.5" diskette (MS-DOS).

CIS 94-136 The MSDS pocket dictionary: What does an MSDS mean? - Terms used on MSDSs
A pocket guide to material safety data sheets (MSDSs), aimed at workers. It provides detailed description of the format of MSDSs and of the usual information in the fields found on them: material identification; ingredients and hazards; physical data; fire and explosion data; reactivity data; health hazards; spill, leak and disposal procedures; special protection measures; special precautions and comments. A sample MSDS on sulfuric acid is included. Detailed glossary of terms and abbreviations found on warning labels and MSDSs.
Genium Publishing Corporation, One Genium Plaza, Schenectady, NY 12304-4690, USA, 1993. 64p. Price: USD 4.18 (per copy, for a minimum order of 10 copies), lower prices for large-quantity orders, down to USD 1.03 per copy for orders of 10,000 or more.

CIS 94-162 Swustep, Hale A., Zimmerman G.
Safety Science Group, Delft University of Technology
Databases on measures to prevent occupational exposure - Proposal for a data bank structure
This is a report on the second part of a study on the feasibility of developing a solution databank to assist companies in locating solutions for their health and safety problems. It summarizes the conclusions of the review of existing databanks described in the first report (Swuste and Hale 1992: S 151, see CIS 93-450) and specifies the objectives and structure of the proposed databank. Based on a consideration of the available classification systems for information on solutions, the report specifies how the data could be stored and it provides assistance to users in locating solutions close to the source or in gaining access to comparable processes which are intrinsically less hazardous. The proposed databank has a user-interface system with two potential entry points corresponding to two basic types of solution: firstly based on the production process subdivided into the production (principle and function as access point to substitute methods of production); secondly, the emission and transmission process as the access point for more conventional hygiene control measures. Detailed summary in Dutch.
SDU Uitgeverij Plantijnstraat, Afdeling Verkoop Publikaties Arbeidsinspectie, Postbus 20014, 2500 EA Den Haag, Netherlands, 1993. vi, 103p. 26 ref.

CIS 93-1857 Sándi G.
International Labour Office (ILO)
Occupational safety and health glossary: Words and expressions used in safety and health at work
Glossaire de la prévention: termes et expressions du domaine de la sécurité et de la santé au travail [in French]
This glossary contains five-language equivalents (with synonyms) of 2590 terms and expressions covering all aspects of occupational safety and health. Specialised expressions are taken from areas as different as engineering, medicine, law, physical sciences and psychology. There are indices in French, German, Russian and Spanish. There is also a detailed subject index for the English-language terms.
CIS (International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre), ILO, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland; also available from: ILO Publications, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1993. xliii, 491p. 66 ref. Indices. Price: CHF 95.00.

CIS 93-1821 Selected health and safety books from HSE
This catalogue provides details of a selection of health and safety books under the headings: the working environment; the European dimension; knowing the law; managing safety; hazardous substances; accidents; the human factor; equipment and power sources; health services; motor vehicle repair; education. Ordering details and an order form are included.
HSE Information Centre, Broad Lane, Sheffield S3 7HQ, United Kingdom, Summer 1993. 20p. Illus.

CIS 93-1933 Holzner C.L., Hirsh R.B., Perper J.B.
Managing workplace exposure information
A quality industrial hygiene programme must include the collection and management of workplace exposure information. For many industrial hygienists, however, exposure monitoring data are the only exposure information available. Often, there is no attempt to qualitatively estimate and document all known exposures because mechanisms for doing so are not widely available. Information which provides sufficient knowledge and understanding about most employee exposures is generally lacking. The paper describes one company's approach to collecting and managing exposure information through a Job Exposure Profile (JEP) system. The system provides a concise and detailed summary of exposure information for defined groups that can be tracked over time. The system serves as an effective method for identifying and focusing on significant health hazards for each job at a facility from industrial hygiene, medical, epidemiological, and engineering perspectives.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1993, Vol.54, No.1, p.15-21. 14 ref.

CIS 93-1819 WHODOC - List of recent WHO publications and documents
WHODOC - Liste des publications et documents récents OMS [in French]
WHODOC - Lista de publicaciones y documentos recientes de la OMS [in Spanish]
This catalogue provides details of WHO publications, articles in WHO periodicals, WHO technical and policy documents, press releases produced by WHO and other associated agencies and books and articles arising from WHO programmes and published elsewhere. Entries cover a wide range of medical and health topics. Ordering details are included.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1993. vii, 79p.

CIS 93-1679 Donahue M.L.
CHEMTREC. A vital link in chemical emergencies
The services offered by CHEMTREC (Chemical Transportation Emergency Center) are described. CHEMTREC is a public service established by the US Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA). Resources available through the centre include an emergency response mutual-aid network, a medical emergency assistance network, a nonemergency information service and emergency response training. A reference library of material safety data sheets and other resources is maintained. Details on how to contact CHEMTREC are provided.
NFPA Journal, May-June 1993. Vol.87, No.3, p.86-90.

CIS 93-1299 Hansen L.F., Fries A.S.
Commission of the European Communities
Information service on chemical substances and products
The experience of a public telephone information service on chemical substances and products at the Danish National Institute of Occupational Health is important for planning the establishment of a similar service in other European Community countries. This report describes the background, purpose, organisation and documentary resources of the service, analyses calls, users, cases and topics, and evaluates the service and its effects. The service of the Danish Labour Inspection has been improved by the introduction of the service. Recommendations are made for the staffing and location of similar services.
Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2985 Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, 1993. 26p. Illus. 12 ref. Price ECU 6.00

CIS 93-966 Rusch G.M.
The history and development of emergency response planning guidelines
The development of a series of documents, Emergency Response Planning Guides (ERPGs), published by the American Industrial Hygiene Association's Emergency Response Planning Committee is described. The guidelines provide estimates of concentration ranges above which one could reasonably anticipate observing adverse effects as a consequence of exposure to the specific substance. The review procedure of the guidelines is also described. The 35 chemicals for which the Committee has so far developed planning guides are listed along with a further 25 currently under review.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Feb. 1993, Vol.33, No.2, p.193-202. 16 ref.

1992

CIS 94-935 Hesser H., Czysz H.J., Lusebrink W.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz
Status of safety facilities in the EDP-aided design process
Stellung der Sicherheitstechnik im EDV-gestützen Konstruktionsprozess [in German]
Report on a study of people involved in design and standardization in manufacturing industry. The quality and safety of new products is clearly jeopardized by the lack of safety know-how on the part of designers. It is recommended that designers could be better informed by using expert systems instead of paper-bound documentation. Summaries in English, German and French.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, Am Alten Hafen 113-115, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1992. x, 131p. Illus. 124 ref.

CIS 94-524 Special use - Expoprotection - F92
Numéro spécial - Expoprotection - F92 [in French]
Catalogue of products and services exhibited at Expoprotection (Exhibition on protection and safety) and at F92 (Professional Show on fire safety and rescue systems) held in Le Bourget (France) from 8 to 11 Sep. 1992. Contents: electronic safety; mechanical protection (fire doors, fire-proof cabinets); extinguishing systems (extinguishers, sprinklers); protection of workers (personal protective equipment; boots, gloves, hazard identification); services (monitoring, audits, training); institutions. List of exhibitors.
Face au risque, July 1992, special issue, 116p. Illus. Index.

CIS 94-293 Dourson M.L., Knauf L.A., Swartout J.C.
On reference dose (RfD) and its underlying toxicity data base
Toxicity data on pesticides were summarized and compared amongst different animal species and types of bioassays. These comparisons showed the expected variability. After quantitative and statistical analysis, it was concluded that, on the average, a two-year dog bioassay detected toxic responses at similar doses as a two-year rat study, and that both of these bioassays detected toxic responses at lower doses than either a rat two-generation bioassay, a rat developmental toxicity study, or a two-year mouse bioassay. Although these chronic dog and rat bioassays were found to detect toxic responses at lower doses than the other studies listed, this analysis does not reflect the seriousness of the effects that were compared. Within the confines of this analysis, then, it appears that a two-year dog and rat study, reproductive and developmental bioassays are a sufficient data base on which to estimate high confidence Reference Doses (RfDs), and furthermore, that an additional uncertainty factor is needed to estimate RfDs to account for this variability when fewer than this number of bioassays are available.
Toxicology and Industrial Health, May-June 1992, Vol.8, No.3, p.171-189. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 94-228 McCunney R.J., Harzbecker J.
The influence of occupational medicine on general medicine - A look at the journals
Citation analysis was used to assess the effect of occupational medicine on general medical practice and the reverse. Occupational medical journals were almost 50 times more likely to cite the general medical literature than the converse. The most likely journals to cite articles in the core occupational medical literature were the American Review of Respiratory Diseases and the American Journal of Epidemiology. It was also found that during the 1986-1990 period, occupational medical journals published 2.5 times as many source items than during the 1976-1980 period. Major occupational medicine topics covered by journals were also analyzed: pneumoconiosis, reproductive hazards, lead poisoning and noise-induced hearing loss were the topics most frequently addressed by the occupational medical journals. Occupational topics better covered by general medical journals than by the specialist journals were gas poisoning and toxic hepatitis.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Mar. 1992, Vol.34, No.3, p.279-286. Illus. 22 ref.

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